Sunday, November 3, 2013




07th September 2013
Notes by AuthenticTauheed7

Edited: Muminah_29


We have not covered this Tafseer before
It is the very first time we are explaining it.

By looking at the name of this Surah (Jumu’ah), your common sense will tell you it was revealed in Madinah because Jumu’ah started in Madinah

Ibn Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) used to recite in the morning prayer on Friday Surah" Alif-Lam-Mim, Tanz'il ul-Sajda" (Surah Al-Sajdah): Surely there came over the man a time" (Surah Al-Insaan) and he used to recite in Jumu'a prayer Surahs Jumu'a and al-Munafiqin. [Sahih Muslim (2/599) No. 879]

There is a Hadith in Muslim in which the Prophet (saw) used to recite this Surah and Surah Munafiqoon on fridays
So he would recite these for the Friday Salah


Whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth glorifies Allah, the King (of everything), the Holy, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. (Al-Jumu'ah 62:1)

This first ayah is telling you every living thing in the heavens and earth praise Allah
The birds in the air, the fishes in the sea and the ants in the hole

These creatures make dua to Allah to forgive a scholar who teaches the Deen

"All in the heavens and earth and the fish in the depth of the water seek forgiveness for the scholar, and the superiority of the scholar over the worshipper is like the superiority of the full moon at night over the rest of the stars. Verily the scholars are the heirs to the Prophets. Verily, the Prophets did not bequeath deenars or dirhams.  All they left behind was knowledge, so whoever takes it, has indeed acquired a huge fortune." [Musnad Ahmad (5/196) No. 21763; Also related by Abu Dawud (2/341) No. 3641; at-Tirmidhi (5/48) No. 2682; Ibn Majah (1/150) No. 223, ad-Daarimee (1/110) No. 342 and ibn Hibbaan (1/289) No. 88]

Abu Umamah Bahili (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said: “Surely, Allah, His angels, the inhabitants of the heavens and the earths, even the ants in their holes and even the fish invoke blessings on the teacher of the people about what is good.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/50) No. 2685]

Every living creature acknowledges Tawheed because Allah created them on fitrah

Remember we did the Tafseer of Surah Naml
The story of Prophet Sulayman (as) and his army
The bird the Hoopee was missing when the army was assembled and Sulayman became furious
This bird was the water expert, responsible for finding water
Prophet Sulayman threatened to kill it or punish it severely if it does not provide a good reason for being late
So it appeared a little while later and gave its reason

"I found a woman ruling over them, and she has been given all things that could be possessed by any ruler of the earth, and she has a great throne. (An-Naml 27:23)

I found her and her people worshipping the sun instead of Allah, and Shaitan (Satan) has made their deeds fair-seeming to them, and has barred them from (Allah's) Way, so they have no guidance," (An-Naml 27:24)

The bird complained to Prophet Sulayman because it believes in tawheed and it knew about the web of the shaytan because it said it was the shaytan that made their shirk fair-seeming to them

Sometimes the animals turn against their masters because they despise them for being kuffaar because the animals are Muslims
In France, a dog turned on her master and ate half her face
Maybe it despised her for being a prostitute

Allah is the King of Everything

The Islamic leadership is khilafah and not kingship and those that say kingship is halaal because David (as) was a king are wrong
That is an abrogated Shariah

The evidence is Surah Naml
Bilqees said kings whenever they enter a land they corrupt it

She said: "Verily! Kings, when they enter a town (country), they despoil it, and make the most honourable amongst its people low. And thus they do. (An-Naml 27:34)

But the people who support kings said that Allah didn’t say that statement but Bilqees did.

Narrated By Abu Huraira: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Allah will hold the whole earth, and roll all the heavens up in His Right Hand, and then He will say, 'I am the King; where are the kings of the earth?'" [Al-Bukhari (7382) and Muslim (2787)]

But the knockout punch is that Allah rubber-stamped what she said and Said 'this is exactly what they do'

Kingship is haram but if he governs with Shariah his kingship is halal
Umar ibn Abdul Aziz, Mu'awiyya and Harun Ar-Rasheed were all kings but very pious and they governed with Shariah

For example, it is haram for a woman to travel without a mahram for more than one day and night
But I asked my Shaikhs how about those that go for hajj without mahrams
I was told their hajj is accepted if they do it correctly

Allah is the Holy- Al Quddus
It means Allah is free from all imperfections
And because of this, if you are praying behind an Imam and he makes a mistake you say SubhanAllah to remind him that Allah is free from all imperfections

Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they attribute unto Him! (As-Saffat 37:180)
And peace be on the Messengers! (As-Saffat 37:181)

Kuffaar don’t understand that Allah is Al Quddus

And all the praise and thanks be to Allah, Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). (As-Saffat 37:182)

They believe that He has a son
This is accusing Allah of having an affair- audhubillah

He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth. How can He have children when He has no wife? He created all things and He is the All-Knower of everything. (Al-An'am 6:101)

But Allah Said He has no wife so how could He have a son
They are indeed far astray

The kuffaar also said Allah told them to get drunk and fall over

Therefore thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel; Drink ye, and be drunken, and spue, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword which I will send among you. (Jeremiah 25:27) King James Version

Allah is the All-Mighty All-Wise


The answer for the question is might without wisdom is a recipe for disaster
You need one attribute to perfect the other and because of this Allah joined the two qualities together.


 He it is Who sent among the unlettered ones a Messenger (Muhammad SAW) from among themselves, reciting to them His Verses, purifying them (from the filth of disbelief and polytheism), and teaching them the Book (this Qur'an, Islamic laws and Islamic jurisprudence) and Al-Hikmah (As-Sunnah: legal ways, orders, acts of worship, etc. of Prophet Muhammad SAW). And verily, they had been before in mainfest error; (Al-Jumu'ah 62:2)

Allah called Himself He
So you should not be shy to call Allah He
He sent the unlettered one meaning illiterate, someone who cannot read nor write
This ayah is similar to Surah 7:157
In this ayah, Allah confirmed that the Prophet Muhammad (saw) could not read nor write

Those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e.Muhammad SAW) whom they find written with them in the Taurat (Torah) (Deut, xviii, 15) and the Injeel (Gospel) (John xiv, 16), - he commands them for Al-Ma'ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam has ordained); and forbids them from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); he allows them as lawful At-Taiyibat [(i.e. all good and lawful) as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.], and prohibits them as unlawful Al-Khaba'ith (i.e. all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.), he releases them from their heavy burdens (of Allah's Covenant), and from the fetters (bindings) that were upon them. So those who believe in him (Muhammad SAW), honour him, help him, and follow the light (the Qur'an) which has been sent down with him, it is they who will be successful. (Al-A'raf 7:157)

Qurtubi said there are 3 reasons why Allah made the Prophet illiterate:

1. His message fulfilled the foretelling of previous Prophets that he will be illiterate

2. To make him similar to previous Prophets

3. To eliminate all suspicions that he learnt his message from previous books

Qurtubi said in the Tafseer of Surah 62:2, that purifying them means,
To purify them from kufr, shirk, zandaqa and superstition
From racism, tribalism and all man-made isms and schism

Because in Madinah you had the 2 tribes (Aws and Khazraj )on each others' throats during jahiliyyah
They were killing each other in a war of attrition
But when the Prophet entered Madinah they became brothers and the killing stopped

And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah (i.e. this Qur'an), and be not divided among yourselves, and remember Allah's Favour on you, for you were enemies one to another but He joined your hearts together, so that, by His Grace, you became brethren (in Islamic Faith), and you were on the brink of a pit of Fire, and He saved you from it. Thus Allah makes His Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.,) clear to you, that you may be guided. (Aali Imran 3:103)

And He has united their (i.e. believers') hearts. If you had spent all that is in the earth, you could not have united their hearts, but Allah has united them. Certainly He is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (Al-Anfal 8:63)

So only Allah has the Power to put love in the hearts of people for each other

He made the hearts of the Aws and Khazraj united
This ayah is relevant to our topic because Allah said Purifying them
The Hadith said the Prophet was sent to purify characters

Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "I was sent to perfect good character." [al-Adab al-Mufrad al-Bukhari, No. 273, Muwatta Malik (2/75) No. 1885, Musnad Ahmad (2/381) No. 8939, Mustadrak al-Haakim (2/670) No. 4221]

The Book, the Kitab is the Holy Qur'an and it is the greatest miracle of the Prophet (saw) because it has no grammatical errors
It agrees with all modern day scientific predictions
It coincides with your natural instincts and scientific discoveries
It didn’t put a burden on you more than you can bear
It was revealed to correct the Prophet and was revealed to solve certain dilemmas the Prophet encountered

Qurtubi then said, not because Allah said He sent him to the Arabs that he was only sent to the Arabs he was sent for all mankind and jinn

And We have sent you (O Muhammad SAW) not but as a mercy for the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). (Al-Anbiya 21:107)

Say (O Muhammad SAW) : "It has been revealed to me that a group (from three to ten in number) of jinns[] listened (to this Qur'ân). They said: 'Verily! We have heard a wonderful Recital (this Qur'ân)!  (Al-Jinn 72:1)

'It guides to the Right Path, and we have believed therein, and we shall never join (in worship) anything with our Lord (Allâh). (Al-Jinn 72:2)

The Prophet (saw) said he was blessed with 6 things which was only given to him in the following Hadith:

 Abu Huraira reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: I have been given superiority over the other Prophets in six respects: I have been given words which are concise but comprehensive in meaning; I have been helped by terror (in the hearts of enemies): spoils have been made lawful to me: the earth has been made for me clean and a place of worship; I have been sent to all mankind and the line of Prophets is closed with me. [Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Hadith #1062]

Say (O Muhammad SAW): "O mankind! Verily, I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allah - to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He); It is He Who gives life and causes death. So believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW), the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e. Muhammad SAW) who believes in Allah and His Words [(this Qur'an), the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) and also Allah's Word: "Be!" - and he was, i.e. 'Iesa (Jesus) son of Maryam (Mary),], and follow him so that you may be guided." (Al-A'raf 7:158)

And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) said, "My Lord, make this city (Makkah) a place of security and provide its people with fruits, such of them as believe in Allah and the Last Day." He (Allah) answered: "As for him who disbelieves, I shall leave him in contentment for a while, then I shall compel him to the torment of the Fire, and worst indeed is that destination!" (Al-Baqarah 2:126)

Prophet Ibrahim made a dua to Allah to make Makkah a rich and safe city and Allah answered the dua
Then Allah asked the people of Makkah a question in Surah 29:67
Have they not seen that We have made (Makkah) a sanctuary secure, and that men are being snatched away from all around them? Then do they believe in Batil (falsehood - polytheism, idols and all deities other than Allah), and deny (become ingrate for) the Graces of Allah? (Al-'Ankabut 29:67)

By the fig, and the olive, (At-Tin 95:1)
By Mount Sinai, (At-Tin 95:2)
And by this city of security (Makkah), (At-Tin 95:3)

Verily, We created man of the best stature (mould), (At-Tin 95:4)

"Our Lord! Send amongst them a Messenger of their own (and indeed Allah answered their invocation by sending Muhammad Peace be upon him ), who shall recite unto them Your Verses and instruct them in the Book (this Qur'an) and Al-Hikmah (full knowledge of the Islamic laws and jurisprudence or wisdom or Prophethood, etc.), and sanctify them. Verily! You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise." (Al-Baqarah 2:129)

In this world today, people use the word tasawwuf
This word is a bid'ah, not found in Qur'an and Sunnah
Allah used the word tazkiya
Not only is the word tasawwuf bid'ah but their practices and believes are bid'ah, kufr shirk and zandaqa

Because the people of Makkah were worshipping 350 idols inside and outside Makkah, that is manifest error
They used to bury their girl children alive
They used to do prostitution and riba
They ate animals that died by themselves
These are all manifest error

Their state was pitiful, appalling and pathetic and because of this, the Prophet used to go to the cave Hira to meditate about their state and while in the cave Allah sent Angel Jibreel to reveal the Quran and Prophethood to him on the night of lailatul qadr

Luay ibn Amr brought into Makkah idol worshipping

Imam Ahmad recorded that 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud said that the Prophet said, (The first to start the practice of Sa'ibah and worshipping idols was Abu Khuza'ah, 'Amr bin 'Amir. I saw him pulling his intestines behind him in the Fire.) [Musnad Ahmad (1/446) No. 4258; Sho'aib Arna'oot commented: Sahih because of corroborating evidence, and its isnad is daeef]
The 'Amr mentioned in the above Hadith is the son of Luhay bin Qam'ah, one of the chiefs of the tribe of Khuza'ah who were the caretakers of the House of Allah after the tribe of Jurhum, (and before the Prophet's tribe, Quraysh). He was the first to change the religion of Ibrahim (Al-Khalil in Makkah) bringing idol worshipping to the area of Hijaz (Western Arabia). He also called the foolish people to worship idols and offer sacrifices to them and started these ignorant rituals concerning the animals as well as other rituals of Jahiliyyah. [Tafseer Ibn Katheer (3/209)]

When he came back from Syria with an idol and told them to worship it as their new god and they left the millat of Ibrahim which is tawheed and Allah said:

And who turns away from the religion of Ibrahim (Abraham) (i.e. Islamic Monotheism) except him who befools himself? Truly, We chose him in this world and verily, in the Hereafter he will be among the righteous. (Al-Baqarah 2:130)

Or even do they have associates (with Allah) who have legislated for them as the religion that which Allah has not given permission? And had it not been for the Word of Verdict, indeed it would have been decreed between them, and surely the unjust will have a painful torment. (Ash-Shura 42:21)