Thursday, October 31, 2013

TAFSEER SURAH JUMU’AH THE ETIQUETTES OF SALATUL JUMU’AH


TAFSEER SURAH JUMU’AH
THE ETIQUETTES OF SALATUL JUMU’AH

BY SHAIKH ABDULLAH FAISAL

12th September 2013
Notes ByAuthenticTauheed38

Edited: Muminah_29

 This is the last segment of this Tafseer

The last time we stopped at Ayah 9

AYAH 10

O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salat (prayer) on the day of Friday (Jumu'ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allah [Jumu'ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salat (prayer)] and leave off business (and every other thing), that is better for you if you did but know! (Al-Jumu'ah 62:9)

The Adhan talked about is the Adhan for Salatul Jumu’ah

Some Masjids do one Adhan and others two
This is not an issue
Jumu’ah is not compulsory on the woman, slave, child and the sick
This Ayah is talking about the Muslim men

Taariq ibn Shihaab narrated the Prophet (SAW) said: “Jumu’ah is a duty that is required of every Muslim in congregation, except four: a slave, a woman, a child or one who is sick.” [Sunan Abu Dawud (1/280) No. 1067]

But Salatul Jumu’ah is not compulsory on the man travelling and also on the ones in prison if they have no facilities for Salatul Jumu’ah

JUMU’AH IS NOT COMPULSORY ON:

1. THE KAAFIR
2. THE MENTALLY ILL
3. THE MUSLIM WOMEN
4. A CHILD
5. THE TRAVELLER
6. THE ILL AND THE DISABLED
7. THE SLAVE
8. THE PRISONER WITH NO FACILITIES FOR SALATUL JUMU’AH

However, if the prison has the facilities for Jumu’ah then it is compulsory

PREPARATION FOR JUMU’AH

Jumu’ah is the Eid of the week

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbas said: “The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: ‘This day is an ‘Eid (festival) which Allah has ordained for the Muslims. Whoever comes to Friday (prayer), let him take a bath and if he has perfume then let him put some on. And upon you (I urge to use) is the tooth stick.” [Sunan Ibn Majah (2/197) No. 1098]

You should take a bath before leaving the house and also brush your teeth and wear perfume.

 Al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said in al-Majmoo‘ (4/405):
Doing ghusl on Friday is Sunnah, not obligatory in the sense that not doing it is a sin, and there is no difference of opinion among us concerning that. With regard to the one for whom it is Sunnah, there are four views, but the correct view that is supported by the text and regard by the author and the majority as the correct view is the following:
It is Sunnah for everyone who wants to attend Jumu‘ah, man, woman, child, traveller, slave and others, because of the apparent meaning of the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar, and because the aim is cleanliness, and they are all the same with regard to that. It is not Sunnah for the one who does not intend to attend, even if he is one of those who should attend Jumu‘ah, because of the meaning of the hadeeth and because the reason is no longer present; and because of the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar, according to which the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said:
“Whoever comes to Jumu‘ah, man or woman, let him do ghusl, and whoever does not come to it, man or woman, does not have to do ghusl.” Narrated by al-Bayhaqi with this wording and with a saheeh isnaad. End quote.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah in al-Fataawa al-Kubra (5/307): It is obligatory to do ghusl on Fridays for one who is sweaty or has an odour that may offend others. End quote.

THE MERITS OF JUMU’AH

Abu Huraira reported the Messenger of Allah (SAW) as saying: "The best day on which the sun has risen is Friday; on it Adam was created. on it he was made to enter Heaven, on it he was expelled from it. And the last hour will take place on no day other than Friday." [Sahih Muslim (2/585) No. 854]

1. ADAM WAS CREATED ON A FRIDAY

 Abu Hurayrah who said: Abu’l-Qaasim (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “On Friday there is an hour when, if a Muslims happens to pray at that time and ask Allaah for something good, He will give it to him.” [al-Bukhaari (5295) and Muslim (852)]

2. ADAM (AS) DIED ON A FRIDAY

Narrated Aws ibn Aws:
The Prophet said: Among the most excellent of your days is Friday; on it Adam was created, on it he died, on it the last trumpet will be blown, and on it the shout will be made, so invoke more blessings on me that day, for your blessings will be submitted to me. The people asked: Messenger of Allah, how can it be that our blessings will be submitted to you while your body is decayed? He replied: Allah, the Exalted, has prohibited the earth from consuming the bodies of Prophets. [Sunan Abi Dawud Book 2, Hadith 658]

3. THERE IS A SPECIAL HOUR ON FRIDAY WHEN DUAS ARE ACCEPTED

Abu Hurayrah who said: Abu’l-Qaasim (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “On Friday there is an hour when, if a Muslims happens to pray at that time and ask Allaah for something good, He will give it to him.” [al-Bukhaari (5295) and Muslim (852)]

 4. TO DIE ON A FRIDAY SAVES YOU FROM THE PUNISHMENT OF THE GRAVE

 Abdullah ibn Amr (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “No Muslim dies on the day of Friday or the night of Friday but Allah protects him from the trial in the grave.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (3/386) No. 1074, Musnad Ahmad (2/169) No. 6582]

 5. TWO ANGELS STAND AT THE DOOR OF THE MASJID TO RECORD THE NAMES OF THOSE WHO COME TO JUMU’AH EARLY

Narrated By Abu Huraira: The Prophet (SAW) said, "When it is a Friday, the angels stand at the gate of the mosque and keep on writing the names of the persons coming to the mosque in succession according to their arrivals. The example of the one who enters the mosque in the earliest hour is that of one offering a camel (in sacrifice). The one coming next is like one offering a cow and then a ram and then a chicken and then an egg respectively. When the Imam comes out (for Jumua prayer) they (i.e. angels) fold their papers and listen to the Khutba." [al-Bukhari (929) and Muslim (850)]

6. SURAH AL-KAHF (THE CAVE) IS RECITED ON A FRIDAY AND THOSE WHO MEMORISE THE FIRST TEN VERSES OF THE SURAH SHALL BE SAVED FROM THE FITNAH OF THE DAJJAL

Abu Darda' reported Allah's Apostle (SAW) as saying: If anyone learns by heart the first ten verses of the Surah Al-Kahf, he will be protected from the Dajjal. [Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Hadith #1766]

On the authority Abu Sa'eed (RA) the Prophet (SAW) said: "Whoever reads Surat al-Kahf on the day of Jumu'ah, will have a light that will shine from him from one Friday to the next." [Mishkat al-Masabih (1/667) No. 2175, Mustadrak al-Haakim (2/399) No. 2292, al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Bayhaqi (3/353) No. 5996] Ibn Hajar said in Takhreej al-Adhkar (5/38-39) that this is a hasan hadith

So it is Sunnah Muakkada to recite this Surah on a Friday

THE BENEFITS OF GOING FOR FRIDAY PRAYERS

1. IT INCREASES YOUR IMAAN

Therefore the Imam should about topics that should boost Imaan
Topics about paradise, hellfire, punishment of the grave etc
But he should not talk about fiqh issues. that should be taught in a class.
You are supposed to go a Masjid in which the khutbah will boost your Imaan


2. BY MIXING WITH THE MUSLIMS IT ENHANCES THE BROTHERHOOD AND SISTERHOOD

3. IT IS A SIGN THAT YOU BELONG TO THE UMMAH OF MUHAMMAD (SAW)

So the person who abandons Jumu’ah has abandoned the Ummah

Abu Al-Ja'd (meaning Ad-Damri) narrated, and he was a Companion according to the claim of Muhammad bin Amr: the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: 'Whoever neglects the Friday prayer three times (in a row) without an excuse, then Allah sets a seal upon his heart.'" [Sunan Tirmidhi (2/373) No. 500, Musnad Ahmad (3/424) No. 15537, Sunan Abu Dawud (1/277) No. 1052, Sunan al-Nasa'i (3/88) No. 1369, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/213) No. 1125, Sunan al-Darime (1/444) No. 1571, Muwatta Malik (1/180) No. 468]

Ibn 'Umar and Abu Hurairah (RA) reported: "We heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW) saying (while delivering Khutbah on his wooden pulpit), "Either some people (i.e. hypocrites) stop neglecting the Friday prayers, or Allah will seal their hearts and they will be among the heedless." [Sahih Muslim (2/591) No. 865]

If you miss three Salatul Jumu’ah in a row then you have committed a crime in Islam

4. IT KEEPS YOU IN TOUCH WITH THE CURRENT EVENTS OF THE UMMAH

They announce the events that have taken place or will be taking place
You are aware of any janaazah, aqeeqa etc

5. IT INCREASES YOU IN KNOWLEDGE OF THE DEEN ESPECIALLY IF THE IMAM IS EDUCATED

Some imams only know how to recite the Quran but are not educated
If you are able to cry in the khutbah it means the khutbah was good
Not those that use the minbar of the Rasul (saw) and preach democracy

6. IT IS USED TO REFORM THE WAYWARD

People, who smoke, drink, commit zina etc
If the Masjid can't be used to reform these people then something is wrong

7. TO ERADICATE FROM THE COMMUNITY KUFR, SHIRK, SUPERSTITION, BID'AH AND ZANDAQA

Maybe somebody in the Masjid has dodgy aqeedah hence the khutbah should makes things clear for them to reform and rectify their aqeedah
Sometimes in some places you have up to a 1000 people in the Masjid for Jumu’ah
All these people have different aqeedas and some are dangerous and dodgy.

8. TO WAKE UP THE MUSLIMS FROM THEIR COMA

The kuffaar are terrified of Shaikhs who are waking up the Ummah
This is why they killed Anwar Al Awlaki (rh)
Islam is a sleeping lion and the Shaikhs should wake it up
People like the goofy sufis and Saudi Salafis are lulling the Ummah to sleep

A 2007 report by the Rand Corp., a U.S. think tank, advised Western governments to "harness" Sufism, saying its adherents were "natural allies of the West." Read more: http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1912091,00.html

The kuffaar call the sufis their natural allies
The Rand foundation which is the think tank of the kufaar said so

Never will the Jews nor the Christians be pleased with you (O Muhammad Peace be upon him ) till you follow their religion. Say: "Verily, the Guidance of Allah (i.e. Islamic Monotheism) that is the (only) Guidance. And if you (O Muhammad Peace be upon him ) were to follow their (Jews and Christians) desires after what you have received of Knowledge (i.e. the Qur'an), then you would have against Allah neither any Wali (protector or guardian) nor any helper. (Al-Baqarah 2:120)

Allah told you in the Quran (2:120) that the kuffaar will not be pleased with you until you leave your Deen
This is why the sufis are not Muslims because the kuffaar are pleased with them
May Allah guide them to the right path
Ameen

The Ayah says that you should close your shops
But if you are living in darul harb and you employed a kaafir who continues selling during Jumu’ah whilst you are away for Salatul Jumu’ah then you didn't do anything wrong because you are not living in an Islamic state.

 'Ammar bin Yasir (RA) reported: I heard Messenger of Allah (SAW) saying, "Prolonging Salat (prayer) and shortening the Khutbah (religious talk) indicate the religious knowledge of the person. Make your Salat long and your sermon short." [Sahih Muslim (2/594) No. 869]

But it is haraam to open a single shop in the Islamic states during Jumu’ah.
Salatul Jumu’ah is not long so you should be able to close your shop for that period of time.
There is no Sabbath in Islam and so after Jumu’ah salah you can go back to earning.

AYAH 10

When you are in Salatul Jumu’ah it is haraam to talk

 THE ETTIQUETTES OF JUMU’AH

It was narrated that Abu’l-Darda’ said: The Prophet (SAW) sat on the minbar and addressed the people, and he recited a verse. Ubayy ibn Ka’b was next to me, so I said to him: “O Ubayy, when was this verse revealed?” But he refused to speak to me, so I asked him again and he refused to speak to me, until the Prophet (SAW) came down (from the minbar).
Then Ubayy said to me: “You have gained nothing from your Jumu’ah except idle talk.” When the Messenger of Allah (SAW) had finished (the prayer), I went to him and told him (what had happened). He said: “Ubayy was right. When you hear your imam speaking, then keep quiet and listen attentively until he has finished.” [Musnad Ahmad (Vol. 5, p143) No. 21325; Sunan Ibn Majah (Vol. 2, p203) No. 1111; Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah (Vol. 3, p154) No. 1807; Sunan al-Kubra Bayhaqi (Vol. 3, p219) No. 5623]

Then when the (Jumu'ah) Salat (prayer) is finished, you may disperse through the land, and seek the Bounty of Allah (by working, etc.), and remember Allah much, that you may be successful. (Al-Jumu'ah 62:10)

1. YOU ARE SUPPOSED TO WALK TO THE MASJID AND NOT RUN

2. YOU ARE NOT ALLOWED TO HAVE A SPECIAL PLACE IN THE MASJID TO SIT

3. PRAY TAHIYATUL MASJID (TWO RAKAH)
 
There is no Sunnah before Jumu’ah Salah according to my knowledge

It was narrated that Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allaah said: A man came whilst the Prophet (SAW) was addressing the people on Friday, and he [the Prophet (SAW)] said: “Have you prayed, O So and so?” He said, “No.” He said: “Stand up and pray two rak’ahs.” [al-Bukhaari (888) and Muslim (875)]

Abu Qatadah (RA) reported: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "When anyone of you enters the mosque, he should perform two Rak'ah (of voluntary prayer) before sitting." [al-Bukhari (444) and Muslim (714)]

You should pray the two rakats even if the Imam has already started the khutbah
The Hanafis don't allow you to pray it after the Imam has started the khutbah

4. YOU ARE NOT ALLOWED TO TALK IN DURING THE KHUTBAH

It was narrated that Abu’l-Darda’ said: The Prophet (SAW) sat on the minbar and addressed the people, and he recited a verse. Ubayy ibn Ka’b was next to me, so I said to him: “O Ubayy, when was this verse revealed?” But he refused to speak to me, so I asked him again and he refused to speak to me, until the Prophet (SAW) came down (from the minbar).
Then Ubayy said to me: “You have gained nothing from your Jumu’ah except idle talk.” When the Messenger of Allah (SAW) had finished (the prayer), I went to him and told him (what had happened). He said: “Ubayy was right. When you hear your imam speaking, then keep quiet and listen attentively until he has finished.”
[Musnad Ahmad (Vol. 5, p143) No. 21325; Sunan Ibn Majah (Vol. 2, p203) No. 1111; Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah (Vol. 3, p154) No. 1807; Sunan al-Kubra Bayhaqi (Vol. 3, p219) No. 5623]

If you do so you have nullified your Jumu’ah

Narrated By Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle (SAW) said, "When the Imam is delivering the Khutba, and you ask your companion to keep quiet and listen, then no doubt you have done an evil act." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 2, Book 13, Hadith #056]

You are not even allowed to tell a person talking to keep quiet
In some Masjids they put screens between the men and the women therefore they lose concentration because they are not seeing the Imam and this makes them talk during the khutbah
Women are already lacking in Imaan so screening them doesn't help

AYAH 11

And when they see some merchandise or some amusement [beating of Tambur (drum) etc.] they disperse headlong to it, and leave you (Muhammad SAW) standing [while delivering Jumu'ah's religious talk (Khutbah)]. Say "That which Allah has is better than any amusement or merchandise! And Allah is the Best of providers." (Al-Jumu'ah 62:11)

 ASBAB AN NUZOOL
A caravan came from Syria when the Prophet (saw) was giving the khutbah and many of the Sahabahs came out to rush to buy from the caravan
Only 12 men were left in the Masjid
So Allah revealed the above-mentioned Ayah.
This proves to you that to love the dunya is a natural instinct
Even the dunya was a fitnah for the Sahabahs
So Allah (swt) tells you that what He has is better than the dunya.

 Jabir b. Abdullah reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) was delivering the sermon on Friday in a standing posture when a caravan from Syria arrived. The people flocked towards it till no one was left (with the Holy Prophet) but twelve persons, and it was on this occasion that this verse in regard to Jumu'a was revealed." And when they see merchandise or sport they break away to it and leave thee standing." [Sahih Muslim (2/590) No. 863]


QUESTION 1:

I work in a camp and there is no masjid for me to attend Salatul jumu’ah and there is only me and another brother here. Can one of us be the imam and do our own jumu’ah although there is only 2 of us?


Answer1:

You need 3 people for you do Jumu’ah
So you have to pray dhuhr

Abu Sa'id narrates the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "If you are three in number, then one of you should be the imam. And the one who has the most right to it is the one who is the most versed in the Qur'an." [Sahih Muslim (1/464) No. 672, Musnad Ahmad (3/24) No. 11206, Sunan An-Nasa'i (2/103) No. 840]
Abu Sa'id narrates the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "If you are three in number, then one of you should be the imam. And the one who has the most right to it is the one who is the most versed in the Qur'an." [Sahih Muslim (1/464) No. 672, Musnad Ahmad (3/24) No. 11206, Sunan An-Nasa'i (2/103) No. 840]

This is the fatwa of Abu Hanifah and it is the correct fatwa
Imam Shafi' says 40 men but this is not correct

Hadith (AbuDawud): Book 3, Number 1042: Narrated Aws ibn Aws: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Among the most excellent of your days is Friday; on it Adam was created, on it he died, on it the last trumpet will be blown, and on it the shout will be made, so invoke more blessings on me that day, for your blessings will be submitted to me. The people asked: Apostle of Allah, how can it be that our blessings will be submitted to you while your body is decayed? He replied: Allah, the Exalted, has prohibited the earth from consuming the bodies of Prophets.