Wednesday, December 25, 2013

03 THE STORY OF PROPHET NUH {AS} {DECEMBER 24 2013}



THE STORY OF
PROPHET NUH (NOAH) (AS)

CHAPTER 3

DECEMBER 24 2013/ 21 SAFAR 1435 HIJRI

BY SHAIKH ABDULLAH AL FAISAL

Noted Taker: AT6
HUJJAH: AT9 / TI-NSPIRE

Edited By Abu Hafiza4 & Jansep2001

Prophet Noah is called one of the strong-willed prophets.

According to Islam, we have 5 strong-willed prophets.

The 5 strong-willed prophets are Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad.

They did a lot call for tawheed more than any other prophets.

This is why they were called the strong-willed prophets.

The greatest of these prophets was Muhammad (SAWS).

The second is Abraham (AS).

No scholar differed that Abraham is second in greatness to Muhammad (SAWS).

We mention Abraham (AS) in our salah 5 times a day.

The third in greatness was Moses (AS).

Some scholars said almost all of the Qur'an was about Moses (AS).

Noah is from the lineage of Seth and from the lineage of Idris (AS).

Seth is one of the sons of Adam (AS).

Noah was the grandson of Idris (AS).

Indeed, We sent Noah to his people, [saying], "Warn your people before there comes to them a painful punishment." He said, "O my people, indeed I am to you a clear warner, [Saying], 'Worship Allah, fear Him and obey me.

(Nuh 71:1-3)

Why would Allah (SWT) desire to punish the people of Noah?

The answer is because they were the first people to dabble in shirk.

Shirk is paganism, polytheism and idolatry.

Ibn 'Abbas (RA) said: "Between Nooh (Noah) and Adam were ten generations, all of them were upon Sharee'ah (law) of the truth, then they differed. So Allah sent prophets as bringers of good news and as warners."

[Related by Ibn Jareer at-Tabaree in his tafseer (4/275) No. 4048 and al-Haakim (2/596) No. 4009 who said: "It is authentic according to the criterion of al-Bukhari." Adh-Dhahabe also agreed]

The first time people committed shirk was in the time of Noah (AS).

Whoever is guided is only guided for [the benefit of] his soul. And whoever errs only errs against it. And no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another. And never would We punish until We sent a messenger.

(Nuh 17:15)

The hanbalis use this ayah to say you are not allowed to discriminate against a bastard child.

Imam Malik (ra) said a bastard child is not allowed to lead salah in the masjid.

The hanafis say it is makruh.

The hanbalis are the most lenient.

Noah was living in the middle east in Syria, turkey and Jordan

People inhabited the Middle East before spreading out.

There are 3 types of punishment: a painful punishment, a humiliating punishment and a dreadful punishment.

When the Saudi police flog a person for drinking alcohol, they don't feel the pain.

This punishment is a humiliating punishment.

Your crime is read out before you are flogged.

The other ayah that comes to mind when you read Surah 71:1 is Surah 16:36.

And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger, [saying], "Worship Allah and avoid taghūt."

(An-Nahl 16:36)

Taghut means a false deity.

People worship Jesus but he is not a taghut because he doesn't enjoy being worshipped.

For you to be a taghut, you have to know you are being worshipped and you enjoy it because it massages your ego.

The barelvis worship Muhammad (SAWS) but Muhammad (SAWS) is not a taghut.

Ayah TWO of Surah Nuh reminds you of Surah 36:17.

Allah will forgive you of your sins and delay you for a specified term. Indeed, the time [set by] Allah, when it comes, will not be delayed, if you only knew.’ He said, "My Lord, indeed I invited my people [to truth] night and day. But my invitation increased them not except in flight. And indeed, every time I invited them that You may forgive them, they put their fingers in their ears, covered themselves with their garments, persisted, and were arrogant with [great] arrogance.

(Nuh 71:4-7)

The scholars say if you are pious and you don't break family ties you will live long.

These people were very proud and arrogant.

They behaved like Nimrod and the Pharaoh and rejected the messenger.

Arrogance is a disease of the heart that makes you reject the haq.

The people of Noah were filled with pride and it caused them to become very hard hearted.

Allah (SWT) hates those who are hard hearted.

Allah (SWT) spoke about such people in Surah Baqarah.

Then, after that, your hearts were hardened and became as stones or even worse in hardness. And indeed, there are stones out of which rivers gush forth, and indeed, there are of them (stones) which split asunder so that water flows from them, and indeed, there are of them (stones) which fall down for fear of Allah. And Allah is not unaware of what you do.

(Al-Baqarah 2:74)

It is narrated on the authority of Abdullah b. Mas'ud that the Apostle of Allah (SAW), observed: He who has in his heart the weight of a mustard seed of pride shall not enter Paradise. A person (amongst his hearers) said: Verily a person loves that his dress should be fine, and his shoes should be fine. He (the Holy Prophet) remarked: Verily, Allah is Graceful and He loves Grace. Pride is disdaining the truth (out of self-conceit) and contempt for the people.

[Sahih Muslim (1/93) No. 91]

To wear beautiful clothes and shoes is not pride.

If you are addicted to Hollywood and Bollywood, it makes you become very hard hearted.

Having friends who are evil makes your hard hearted.

Living in a concrete jungle makes your hard hearted.

This is why the prophets were all shepherds.

When was the last time you went to a dars or a halaqah that make you cried?

The people of Noah were extremely hard hearted.

Allah (SAWS) mentioned they covered themselves up with their garments.

Ibn Abbas related that he heard Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) saying: “The fire will not touch the two pairs of eyes; one that sheds tears out of fear of Allah and the other that keeps watch throughout the night in the cause of Allah.”

(Nasa’i, Tirmidhi)

It was narrated from ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud that the Messenger of Allah (SAWS) said:
“There is no believing slave who sheds tears, even if they are like the head of a fly, out of fear of Allah, and they roll down his cheeks, but Allah will forbid him to the Fire.”

{Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 1, Book 37, Hadith 4197}

Ibn Abbas said the reason why they did this is because Noah was able to recognise them so they covered themselves with their garments so that Noah can't recognise them.

In Morocco, prostitutes wear niqaab so that people don't recognise them.

When Noah was calling them to Islam, they stuck their fingers in their ears?

They did this because they thought if they didn't listen to Noah, the hujjah wasn't established against them. They could use ignorance as an excuse on the day of Judgement.

Some people choose to be jaahil.

If you give a man a CD: the devils deception of the Barelvis, he won't listen to it because he doesn't want the hujjah to be established against him on the day of judgement.

Hamza Yusuf says you can ask Muhammad for shafaah.

You can't pray to the inhabitants of the graves.

YOU CAN CALL ON MUHAMMED HAMZA YUSUF: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TFezsaQnzhk

There are many other sheikhs preaching kufr. Go and find them for yourselves.

If you invoke (or call upon) them, they hear not your call, and if (in case) they were to hear, they could not grant it (your request) to you. And on the Day of Resurrection, they will disown your worshipping them. And none can inform you (O Muhammad SAW) like Him Who is the All Knower (of each and everything)

(Fatir 35:14)

This is the evidence against the grave worshipping barelvis and the goofy Sufis.

The goofy Sufis are kafirs outside the fold of Islam.

They stuck their fingers in their ears and they covered themselves up with their garments so that they could claim they were ignorant on the day of judgement.

"And turn not your face away from men with pride, nor walk in insolence through the earth. Verily, Allah likes not each arrogant boaster.

(Luqman 31:18)

These people had a lot of pride.

Allah (SWT) will resurrect people who are proud like ants.

"Then verily, I called to them openly (aloud);"Then verily, I proclaimed to them in public, and I have appealed to them in private, "I said (to them) : 'Ask forgiveness from your Lord; Verily, He is Oft-Forgiving;

(Nuh 71:8-10)

It was narrated from ‘Amr ibn Shu’ayb via his father and grandfather that the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “On the Day of Resurrection, the arrogant will be gathered like ants in the form of men

[Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2492]

Sometimes Noah would call to his people publicly and sometimes he would call to people privately.

He changed his method when the other method didn't work.

The lesson learnt is that when you are doing dawah and one method didn't work, you should change your strategy.

Noah's changing of methods was to no avail because his people were very hard hearted.

Most Europeans are atheists. They are very hard hearted.

The Europeans are the only ones who used cartoons to insult Muhammad (SAWS).

'He will send rain to you in abundance; 

(Nuh 71:11)

The Europeans are similar to the people of Noah (AS).

'And give you increase in wealth and children, and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers."

(Nuh 71:12)

This proves that rain is withheld when you are sinful.

Wealth and children are the pomp and glitter of this world.

Beautified for men is the love of things they covet; women, children, much of gold and silver (wealth), branded beautiful horses, cattle and well-tilled land. This is the pleasure of the present world's life; but Allah has the excellent return (Paradise with flowing rivers, etc.) with Him.

(Aali Imran 3:14)

They do not withhold the Zakah of the wealth, but rain will be withheld from the sky, and were it not for the animals, no rain would fall on them

[Sunan Ibn Majah (Arabic/English), Vol. 5, pg. 222-223, Hadith #4019]

Men take pride in wealth and children.

People like wealth, children, silver, gold, land and cattle.

And know that your possessions and your children are but a trial and that surely with Allah is a mighty reward. 

(Al-Anfal 8:28)

Daughters are diamonds.

If a boy goes to university and sleep with a Hindu girl or a Buddhist girl, nothing will happen.

If a girl goes to university and sleeps around she might become a victim of an honour killing because daughters are diamonds.

When Allah (SWT) said children it includes daughters.

I don't believe in honour killings so don't get that impression.

The Sufis quote a fabricated hadith as evidence for the permissibility for honour killings.

The boy who the Sufis claim Umar killed for zina was fighting on Ali's side against Muawiya.

So how could he have been killed for zina?

Don't quote hadiths from these people because they are famous for quoting fabricated hadiths.

Fabricated hadith: seek knowledge even to China.

Seek knowledge even as far as China. [Related by Ibn Adee 2/207 and classified fabricated by Ibn Jawzee and Ibn Hibbaan.]

Wealth and children are the adornment of the life of this world. But the good righteous deeds (five compulsory prayers, deeds of Allah's obedience, good and nice talk, remembrance of Allah with glorification, praises and thanks, etc.), that last, are better with your Lord for rewards and better in respect of hope.

(Al-Kahf 18:46)

Don't take your deen from the ignoramus.

Noah knew his people take pride in their wealth and children so Noah promised them these things if they believed.

Sometimes people suffer poverty because of their sins.

Noah invited his people to the truth for 950 years.

Noah was born 126 years after the death of Adam.

What is the matter with you, [that you fear not Allah (His punishment), and] you hope not for reward (from Allah or you believe not in His Oneness).

(Nuh 71:13)

Waqaar means Allah's punishment and retribution.

Why do you commit shirk with impunity and immunity?

While He has created you in (different) stages [i.e. first Nutfah, then 'Alaqah and then Mudghah, see (VV.23:13,14) the Qur'an].

(Nuh 71:14)

Allah (SWT) created you in stages. You were nutfah (sperm mixed with ovum) for forty days, alaqah (a leech clinging on to the womb of the mother) for forty days and a mudghah (when the soul is blown in).

So if a woman gets a baby aborted before it was mudghah, it is allowed.

The hanbalis allow abortion because when a woman terminates the pregnancy, there was no soul.

It is after the soul is blown in that the abortion is haraam.

If a woman is raped, she can get an abortion.

A person doesn't have to be pleased with qadr.

Plastic surgery is permissible because you are not changing Allah's creation, you are beautifying it.

See you not how Allah has created the seven heavens one above another,

(Nuh 71:15)

If you are born deformed, you can have an operation to correct it.

And has made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a lamp?

(Nuh 71:16)

Allah (SWT) didn't describe the moon as a lamp at any time in the Qur'an.

Allah (SWT) told you the Sun is a great lamp.

Blessed be He Who has placed in the heaven big stars, and has placed therein a great lamp (sun), and a moon giving light.

(Al-Furqan 25:61)

The sun is a great lamp because it produces its own light and heat.

The moon is a reflector. It doesn't produce its own light and heat.

This is why Allah (SWT) didn't describe the moon as a lamp.

We say to the kafir scientist to bring us one verse that contradicts science.

And Allah has brought you forth from the (dust of) earth. [Tafsir At-Tabari, Vol.29, Page 97].

(Nuh 71:17)

Allah (SWT) is saying He created you from hama (black mud altered).

And We did certainly create man out of clay from an altered black mud.

(Al-Hijr 15:26) Sahih International

Why do we have black, red, white, brown and yellow people?

The answer is because when the angel was sent to collect the mud to make Adam, the angel collected mud of different colours.

This is how Ibn Kathir answered the question.

Afterwards He will return you into it (the earth), and bring you forth (again on the Day of Resurrection)?

(Nuh 71:18)

Allah (SWT) will return you to the earth meaning every soul shall taste death.

Verily, you (O Muhammad SAW) will die and verily, they (too) will die.

(Az-Zumar 39:30)

Even Muhammad (SAWS) and his sahabas died.

Everyone shall taste death...(Aali Imran 3:185)

Allah (SWT) will bring you from the earth again meaning He will resurrect you.


Resurrection is a certainty.

Afterwards He will return you into it (the earth), and bring you forth (again on the Day of Resurrection)?

(Nuh 71:18)

Even the shaitaan believes in the day of resurrection.

[Iblis (Satan)] said: "O my Lord! Give me then respite till the Day they (the dead) will be resurrected."

(Al-Hijr 15:36)

So for you to deny the day of resurrection, you are worse than the shaitaan.

There are many human beings who are worse than the shaitaan like the Pharaoh of Egypt.

The pharaoh of Egypt made a claim that not even the shaitaan had the guts to make.

 Saying: "I am your lord, most high", (An-Nazi'at 79:24)

The shaitaan acknowledged Allah (SWT) is his only Lord.

He acknowledged the resurrection and life after death.

And Allah has made for you the earth wide spread (an expanse). That you may go about therein in broad roads.

(Nuh 71:19-20)

If you have infrastructure, then you are a developed country.

If your roads have no pot holes, your country is a proper country.

Roads are barakah. Don't estimate the importance of roads.

This is why Prophet Noah mentioned it.

Roads are like the veins in your body.

If you want to know if a country is a first world country, look at their roads.

Without proper infrastructure, you are a loser.

Dubai and Saudi Arabia have good infrastructure.

It doesn't mean that because you are a Muslim, you should live in the stone ages.

You need to embrace modernity.

You are a Muslim; you should go for the best.

Why do you want to buy a car that you need to push; that is stupidly not piety.

Nuh (Noah) said: "My Lord! They have disobeyed me, and followed one whose wealth and children give him no increase but only loss.

(Nuh 71:21)

From this ayah, you learn the rich and famous declare war on the truth and the shaitaan uses these people to fight the truth.

Qarun paid a prostitute to say she had an affair with Musa.

And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies - Shayatin (devils) among mankind and jinns, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion (or by way of deception). If your Lord had so willed, they would not have done it, so leave them alone with their fabrications.

(Al-An'am 6:112)

And thus We have set up in every town great ones of its wicked people to plot therein. But they plot not except against their own selves, and they perceive (it) not.

(Al-An'am 6:123)

It is because of these people that Noah claimed to Allah (SWT).

This was the reality of the dawah.

This is why Noah suffered; there were wicked people plotting against the haqq.

"And they have plotted a mighty plot. "And they have said: 'You shall not leave your gods, nor shall you leave Wadd, nor Suwa', nor Yaghuth, nor Ya'uq, nor Nasr (names of the idols);

(Nuh 71:22-23)

The scholars of Islam say Wadd was the first false deity that people worshipped instead of Allah (SWT).

Who was Wadd?

Wadd was one of the grandchildren of Adam and he was very Pious.

When he died, the people were devastated.

He was their teacher and role model.

The shaitaan came to them and said he has a plan to ease their pain and he asked them to make a statue of Wadd to remind them of him and this will ease them of their pain.

The people obeyed the shaitaan and made a statue out of Wadd.

Other pious people died like Suwa, Yaghuth, Yauq and Nasr.

These people were pious grandchildren of Adam who were role models.

The shaitaan told them to make statues of all of these pious people to ease the pain of losing them.

That generation didn't worship the statues.

They just made statues to remember the pious people.

After that generation died, the people suffered a drought.

The shaitaan lied to the people and said their parents used to worship these idols when they had a drought and begged them for rain.

The shaitaan said they need to do the same.

This is how the shaitaan introduced shirk to mankind.

This is called sequential persuasion.
Ibn Abbas is the one who told us how shirk was introduced to mankind.

"And indeed they have led many astray. And (O Allah) : 'Grant no increase to the Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers, and disbelievers, etc.) save error.' "

(Nuh 71:24)

Therefore the first people to commit shirk were the people of Noah.

Because of their sins they were drowned, then were made to enter the Fire, and they found none to help them instead of Allah.

(Nuh 71:25)

"And O my people! I ask of you no wealth for it, my reward is from none but Allah. I am not going to drive away those who have believed. Surely, they are going to meet their Lord, but I see that you are a people that are ignorant.

(Hud 11:29)

When the people of Noah decided not to embrace Islam, they put a condition on him that he couldn't fulfil.

Quraish did the same thing. They said they will listen to what Muhammad (SAWS) has to say but they asked Muhammad (SAWS) to drive away Bilal because he was black, Salman Al Farsi because he was Persian and zaid ibn haritha because he was a slave.

Muhammad (saw) gave the same reply as Noah.

And it was inspired to Nuh (Noah) : "None of your people will believe except those who have believed already. So be not sad because of what they used to do.

(Hud 11:36)

Ibn Abbas said 80 people believed from the people of Noah after 950 years.

Allah (SWT) inspired to Noah that no one else is going to believe.

Noah did not continue to give dawah.

He made a dua for Allah to destroy them.

"And construct the ship under Our Eyes and with Our Inspiration, and address Me not on behalf of those who did wrong; they are surely to be drowned."

(Hud 11:37)

The Hanbalis use this ayah to say Allah (SWT) has two eyes.

And as he was constructing the ship, whenever the chiefs of his people passed by him, they made a mockery of him. He said: "If you mock at us, so do we mock at you likewise for your mocking.

(Hud 11:38)

The lesson you learn from ayah 38 is that the people in batil always laugh at the people on haqq.

That is their modus operandi.

They laugh at you to make you doubt your faith.

"And you will know who it is on whom will come a torment that will cover him with disgrace and on whom will fall a lasting torment." 

(Hud 11:39)

They laugh at everything. They laugh at salah and hajj.

And he [Nuh (Noah)] said: "Embark therein, in the Name of Allah will be its moving course and its resting anchorage. Surely, my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (Tafsir At-Tabari, Vol. 12, Page 43)

(Hud 11:41)

Narrated by Anas The Prophet said, "Allah did not send any prophet but that he warned his nation of the one-eyed liar (Ad-Dajjal). He is one-eyed while your Lord is not one-eyed. The word 'Kafir' (unbeliever) is written between his two eyes."

{Trans Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 9 Book 93 Number 505}

'Abdullah bin 'Umar (RA) said: One day the Messenger of Allah (SAW) mentioned Al-Masih Dajjal (the Antichrist) in the presence of the people and said, "Verily, Allah is not one-eyed but Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal is blind in the right eye which looks like a swollen grape."

[Al-Bukhari (7127) and Muslim (169)]

Noah brought animals two by two onto the ark. All the animals were on the ark.

The hanbalis also use the above-mentioned hadith as evidence that Allah (SWT) has two eyes.

And he [Nuh (Noah)] said: "Embark therein, in the Name of Allah will be its moving course and its resting anchorage. Surely, my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." So it (the ship) sailed with them amidst the waves like mountains, and Nuh (Noah) called out to his son, who had separated himself (apart), "O my son! Embark with us and be not with the disbelievers." The son replied: "I will betake myself to a mountain, it will save me from the water." Nuh (Noah) said: "This day there is no saviour[] from the Decree of Allah except him on whom He has mercy." And a wave came in between them, so he (the son) was among the drowned. 

(Hud 11:41- 43)

The ark sailed for 40 days before it stopped.

Noah's own son died a kaafir.

Noah's son was a mu'tazila.

His Aql told him the mountain was tall enough to save him from the wrath of Allah (SWT).

He should have obeyed his father but he was a kaafir and a mu'tazila (rationalist).

The lesson you learn is that even a prophet can have a kaafir son.

Noah's wife was a kaafir too.

Allah sets forth an example for those who disbelieve, the wife of Nuh (Noah) and the wife of Lout (Lot). They were under two of our righteous slaves,
but they both betrayed their (husbands by rejecting their doctrine) so they [Nuh (Noah) and Lout (Lot)] benefited them (their respective wives) not,
against Allah, and it was said: "Enter the Fire along with those who enter!"

(At-Tahrim 66:10)

O you who believe! Verily, among your wives and your children there are enemies for you (i.e. may stop you from the obedience of Allah), therefore beware of them! But if you pardon (them) and overlook, and forgive (their faults), then verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

(At-Taghabun 64:14)

Surah 66:10 reminds you of Surah 64:14.

Both ayahs are similar in the message they are delivering.

Where is the ark of Noah now?

Where did the ark dock?
It stopped at Mount Judi. It is on the border between Syria and Turkey.

And it was said: "O earth! Swallow up your water, and O sky! Withhold (your rain)." And the water was diminished (made to subside) and the Decree (of Allah) was fulfilled (i.e. the destruction of the people of Nuh (Noah). And it (the ship) rested on Mount Judi, and it was said: "Away with the people who are Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doing)!" And Nuh (Noah) called upon his Lord and said, "O my Lord! Verily, my son is of my family! And certainly, Your Promise is true, and You are the Most Just of the judges." He said: "O Nuh (Noah)! Surely, he is not of your family; verily, his work is unrighteous, so ask not of Me that of which you have no knowledge! I admonish you, lest you be one of the ignorants."

(Hud 11: 44-46)

The ayah is saying if you have a kaafir child, they are no longer a member of your family.

Allah (SWT) corrected Noah.

When the people will be resurrected on Judgement Day and they ask Noah to intercede for him, he will refuse to intercede for them saying he asked Allah a question he shouldn't have asked.

How can you question Allah's Judgment?

 They will go to him and Noah will say: 'I am not fit for this undertaking.' He will remember his appeal to his Lord to do what he had no knowledge of, then he will feel ashamed thereof and will say, 'Go to the Khalil-r-Rahman (i.e. Abraham).' 

[Sahih Bukhari, Vol 6, Book 60, Hadith #003]

The boy drowned because he was a kaafir.

He was a rationalist who preferred the aql over the naql.

Even Noah's wife was among those who weren't saved.

She did not believe in the doctrine.

And Nuh (Noah) said: "My Lord! Leave not one of the disbelievers on the earth!

(Nuh 71:26)

People think the flood was all over the world because of this ayah.

The flood was only in the middle east.

"If You leave them, they will mislead Your slaves, and they will beget none but wicked disbelievers." 

(Nuh 71:27)

People had not spread out to other continents yet.

Noah said if you leave them they will beget wicked kids because the apple didn't fall far from the tree.

 "My Lord! Forgive me, and my parents, and him who enters my home as a believer, and all the believing men and women. And to the Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers, and disbelievers, etc.) grant You no increase but destruction!"

(Nuh 71:28)

Ayah 28 is the famous dua of Noah.

The lesson is that it is always good to have pious children to pray for you when you are dead.