Sunday, January 19, 2014

THE SHARH OF BULUGH AL MARAM: {Noted & Mp3 Audio} {WIPING HEAD} (JANUARY 29 2013)



بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

THE SHARH Of BULUGH Al MARAAM:

Book 1: Purification, Chapter 4 (Wudu) Ablution

Page: 30 (WIPING HEAD)

29 January 2013 / 17 Rabi ul Awwal 1434

By Shaikh Abdullah Al-Faisal


- قال: ومسح - صلى ﷲ علیه وسلم - برأسه, فأقبل بیديه وأدبر. متفق علیه

39. Narrated 'Abdullah bin Zaid bin 'Asim (RAA): regarding ablution, "The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) wiped his head by sliding his hands back and forward again." 



[Agreed upon]


- The above-mentioned hadith (no. 39) is used by the scholars to say whenever you make wudu, you have to WIPE THE WHOLE HEAD because there are some scholars who say you have to wipe a fraction of the head.

 وفي لفظ: بدأ بمقدم رأسه, حتى ذھب بھما إلى قفاه, ثم ردھما إلى المكان الذي  بدأ منه

40."He started with the front of his head, moved them (his hands) to the back of the neck, and then returned them to the place where he started."


[In another narration by al-Bukhari and Muslim]  



وعن عبد ﷲ بن عمرو رضي ﷲ عنھما -  في صفة الوضوء - قال: ثم مسح - صلى ﷲ علیه وسلم - برأسه, وأدخل إصبعیه السباحتین في أذنیه, ومسح بإبھامیه  ظاھر أذنیه. أخرجه أبو داود, والنسائي, وصححه ابن خزيمة



41. Narrated 'Abdullah Ibn 'Amro (RAA): regarding the nature of ablution, "Then he wiped his head, put his little finger in his ears and wiped the outside of his ears with his thumbs." 



[Related by Abu Dawud and an-Nasa'i Ibn Khuzaimah authenticated it]


- NOTE: Hadith 40 did not state that he WIPED HIS NAPE; he wiped UP TO his nape. 


وعن أبي ھريرة - رضي ﷲ عنه -  قال: قال رسول ﷲ -  صلى ﷲ علیه وسلم: »إذا استیقظ أحدكم من منامه فلیستنثر ثلاثا, فإن الشیطان يبیت على خیشومه«.  متفق علیه



42.  Narrated Abu Huraira (RAA): The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "When one of you wakes up from sleep he must clear his nose three times, as the devil spends the night in the upper part of his nose." 



[Agreed upon]



وعنه: »إذا استیقظ أحدكم من نومه فلا يغمس يده في الإناء حتى يغسلھا ثلاثا ، فإنه لا يدري أين باتت يده«. متفق علیه. وھذا لفظ مسلم



43. Narrated Abu Huraira (RAA): The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "Whoever wakes up from his sleep, should not dip his hand into a bowl (containing water for ablution) until he has washed it three times, as he does not know where his hand was (during his sleep)." 



[Related by Al-Bukhari and Muslim, and the wording is Muslim's]



وعن لقیط بن صبرة, -  رضي ﷲ عنه - قال: قال رسول ﷲ - صلى ﷲ علیه وسلم: »أسبغ الوضوء, وخلل بین الأصابع, وبالغ في الاستنشاق, إلا أن تكون صائما«.  أخرجه الأربعة, وصححه ابن خزيمة



44.  Narrated Laqit bin Sabirah (RAA): The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "Complete and perfect the ablution, let the water run between the fingers. Use water freely while sniffing it up your nostrils, unless you are fasting." 


[Related by the four Imams Ibn Khuzaimah graded it as authentic]

- This is the hadith which the scholars use to say that to sniff water up your nose is compulsory.


 .»ولأبي داود في رواية: »إذا توضأت فمضمض



45.  In another version by Abu Dawud: "If your perform ablution, then rinse your mouth."  


 وعن عثمان - رضي ﷲ عنه: أن النبي - صلى ﷲ علیه وسلم - كان يخلل لحیته  في الوضوء. أخرجه الترمذي, وصححه ابن خزيمة



46. Narrated 'Uthman (RAA): the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) would run his fingers through his beard, while making ablution. 



[Related by at-Tirmidhi Ibn Khuzaimah graded it as Sahih]  

 وعن عبد ﷲ بن زيد -  رضي ﷲ عنه: أن النبي -  صلى ﷲ علیه وسلم - أتى بثلثي  مد, فجعل يدلك ذراعیه. أخرجه أحمد, وصححه ابن خزيمة



47.  Narrated 'Abdullah bin Zaid (RAA): the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) was brought two thirds of a Mudd (of water to perform ablution), and he rubbed his arms. 



[Related by Ahmad and Ibn Khuzaimah graded it as Sahih]



وعنه: أنه رأى النبي -  صلى ﷲ علیه وسلم - يأخذ لأذنیه ماء خلاف الماء الذي أخذ

  .لرأسه. أخرجه البیھقيوھو عند مسلم من ھذا الوجه بلفظ: ومسح برأسه بماء غیر فضل يديه, وھو

 المحفوظ



48.  Narrated 'Abdullah bin Zaid (RAA): he saw the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) (performing ablution and he) took new water for his ears, apart from that which he had taken for his head. 



[Related by al-Baihaqi]

    
37. Narrated Humran Ibn Ibban (RAA): 'Uthman (RAA) called for Wudu' (water to perform ablution). He then washed his hands three times, rinsed his mouth and sniffed water up his nostrils and blew it out. Then he washed his face three times, followed by his right arm up to (and including) the elbow three times, then his left arm up to (and including) the elbow three times. He then wiped his head (with wet hands), and washed his right foot up to (and including) the anklebones three times and then his left foot in the same way. 'Uthman then said, "I saw the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) make wudu' (ablution) like this way of mine." 



[Agreed upon]


- Hence it's not allowed to wipe your head more than once in Wudu


- The Hadith of Uthman (hadith no. 37 above) is the best hadith in Wudu.


- Scholars regard the best hadith with regards to how to perform Wudu like the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) did. 

Point 1NIYYAH IN WUDU


- The correct view with regards to intention is that it's COMPULSORY because Wudu is an act of Ibadah.


Umar ibn al-Khattab said, 'I heard the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), say,

"Actions only go by intentions. Everyone gets what they intend..." 



[Al-Bukhari (1) and Muslim (1907)]

- INTENTION is a pre-requisite for ALL ACTS OF IBADAH.


Point 2BISMILLAH


- According to the Hanbali madhab view, the person who did NOT say Bismillah, his wudu is baatil,


Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: "...the ablution of a person who does not mention the name of Allah (in the beginning) is not valid. 



[Sunan Abu Dawud (1/73) No. 101, Sunan Ibn Majah (1/257) No. 399, Musnad Ahmad

(3/41) No. 11388, Sunan Tirmidhi (1/37) No. 25]



- The Hadith above is graded as Daeef (weak).


- The correct verdict with regards to Bismillah is that it is Sunnah Muakkada.


- Hence the person who forgets to say it, his / her wudu is still valid.


- BUT IT'S LACKING IN BARAKAH.


Abu Hurayra (RA) narrated the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

“Every important word or matter that does not begin with remembrance of Allah is maimed.” 



[Musnad Ahmad (2/359) No. 8797, Sunan Ibn Majah (3/89) No. 1894, Sahih Ibn Hibban

(1/173) No. 1, al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Nasa'i (9/185) No. 10258]


(Above hadith is Sahih) 


 Point 3WASHING THE PALM OF THE HANDS 


- Washing the palms of the hands is one of the COMPULSORY parts of Wudu:



O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Salāt (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles. If you are in a state of Janāba (i.e. had a sexual discharge), purify yourself (bathe your whole body). But if you are ill or on a journey or any of you come from answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (i.e. sexual intercourse) and you find no water, then perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands. Allāh does not want to place you in difficulty, but He wants to purify you, and to complete His Favour on you that you may be thankful. 

(Al-Ma'idah 5: 6)

 

 - If you perform wudu and forget your elbows, your wudu is Baatil.   

Point 4TO RINSE YOUR MOUTH


Point 5TO SNIFF WATER IN THE NOSE AND BLOW IT OUT


Are points 4 & 5 compulsory or are they Sunnah Muakkada?


Opinion 1:

- Opinion 1 is that of Ahmed Ibn Hanbal, Ibn Mubarak, & Ishaq ibn Rahuway.


- (Ishaq ibn Rahuway was from Iran and he was Sunni)


- These two acts (4 & 5) are FARD in both WUDU & GHUSL.


- Therefore your wudu and ghusl are baatil if these acts are not performed.


- Hence consequently your SALAAH becomes baatil.

- The argument of the hanbalis is that Allah (swt) commanded us to wash our face in 


   Surah Maaida verse 6.


- Hence your mouth & nose are part of your face.


- Hanbalis quoted the hadith relating to Shaitaan sleeping in our nostrils, as their evidence:


42. Narrated Abu Huraira (RAA): The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said,

"When one of you wakes up from sleep he must clear his nose three times, as the devil spends the night in the upper part of his nose." 



[Agreed upon]

- Hadith 42 is their evidence to say rinsing the mouth and sniffing water up the nose and blowing it out is FARD.


 44. Narrated Laqit bin Sabirah (RAA): The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "Complete and perfect the ablution, let the water run between the fingers. Use water freely while sniffing it up your nostrils, unless you are fasting." 



[Related by the four Imams Ibn Khuzaimah graded it as authentic]

- Hadith 44 (above) is the other hujjah used by the Hanbalis and also Ishaq ibn Rahuway, to deem the mouth and nose compulsory.


- The Hanbalis stated that even when the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) SHORTENED his wudu (owing to water shortage), he STILL INCLUDED the mouth and nose.


- Therefore you need to wash the mouth & the nose in order for your wudu to be valid.


Opinion 2:


- The SECOND opinion is that of Imaam Maalik (RA), Imaam Shaafi (RA), and Awzaa'i


- Their opinion is that these two actions (i.e. rinse the mouth and nose) are SUNNAH MUAKKADA, both in Wudu & Ghusl.


- They bring a hadith from Ad-Dar Qatni.


 


- However this hadith is weak.


              


(Dar = precinct of the land,   Qatni = cotton)

- For example when I studied in Saudi Arabia, there were 3 Faisals at the University.


- So to distinguish me from the others, they called me Faisal Al-Jamaiki to uniquely identify me based on the land I came from.


- This is similar to Imaam Bukhari who came from Bukhara.


It is related that Ibn `Abbâs attributed to the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) that:

“Rinsing the mouth and inhaling water into the nostrils is Sunnah.”  

[Sunan al-Dâraqutnî]



this hadîth is weak. Al-Dâraqutnî says about its chain of transmission: “Ismâ`îl b. Muslim is a weak narrator.” 



[Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalânî and Ibn al-Jawzî also declare the hadith to be weak.”]

- The above-mentioned hadith is weak.


- We have 22 sahabas teaching us Wudu & Ghusl and AT NO TIME did the Prophet (SAWS) OMIT the rinsing of the mouth and sniffing of the water up the nostrils.   




Opinion 3:


-  This opinion is that to wash your mouth and nose is FARD IN GHUSL but SUNNAH IN WUDU. 

- This is the opinion of Abu Hanifa (RA) and Sufyaan ath-Thawree (RA).


THE CORRECT OPINON WITH REGARDS TO THIS ISSUE IS THAT OF AHMED IBN     HANBAL (RA)


- i.e. to rinse the mouth & sniff water into your nose is compulsory FOR BOTH WUDU AND          GHUSL.


- Failing to do so renders your Wudu Baatil, subsequently rendering your Salaah Baatil. 


Point 6:  TO WASH THE FACE 

- Washing the face is one of the compulsory parts, mentioned in the Quran in [Maida: 6]

Point 7:  TO WASH THE RIGHT HAND UP TO THE ELBOW, AND INCLUDING THE ELBOW

Point 8:  TO WASH THE LEFT HAND UP TO THE ELBOW, AND INCLUDING THE ELBOW

In both cases (7 & 8), your WUDU IS BAATIL if you fail to wash up to & include the elbow.

Point 9:  TO WIPE YOUR HEAD ONCE

Should you wipe the whole head or a fraction of the head?

- There are TWO opinions on this matter.



OPINION 1:

- According to Imaam Maalik (RA) and Ahmed Ibn Hanbal (RA), IT IS COMPULSORY to wipe the whole head. 

Allaah says “rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads” which includes the entire head. This verse – “rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads” – refers to the entire head and it is like the phrase in which Allaah says concerning tayammum: 

“then perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands” 
[Al-Maa’idah 5:6]. 

The entire face must be wiped in tayammum, and the same applies to the head in this case. 
[See Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 21/125]

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Zaad al-Ma’aad (1/193): There is no saheeh report in a single hadeeth that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ever wiped over only part of his head. But if he wiped over his forelock, he completed the wiping by wiping over his turban. End quote.

[It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (5/227)]  

It is obligatory to wipe over the entire head when doing wudoo’, because Allaah says “rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads”, and because of the report  

Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Zayd ibn ‘Aasim (may Allaah be pleased with him) describing wudoo’, in which he said: “The Messenger of Allaah

(Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) wiped his head, moving his hands forwards and backwards.”   

According to another version: “He started at the front of his head until he moved them (his hands) to the back, then he brought them back to the place where he had started.” End quote.

- Note:  The Prophet (saws) DID NOT STOP at the forelock; he continued wiping the entire turban.

- If he was not wearing the turban, then he would have wiped over
his hair - i.e. he would wipe his head from the front to the back

Opinion 2:

According to Abu Hanifa (RA) & Imaam Shaafi (RA), you can wipe a part of the head, NOT THE ENTIRE head.

- When asked why, they say that linguistically the word 'bi' means a PART of the head.

- The Hanbalis respond that they misunderstand the Ayah because the hadith explains the Ayah.

- Hence the Hadith of the Prophet (saw) EXPLAINED the Quran.

- You are NOT allowed to resort to the linguistic meaning when there is a clear hadith explaining the Ayah.  

With clear signs and Books (We sent the Messengers). And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) the reminder and the advice (the Qur'ān), that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought. 

(An-Nahl 16:44)

  
- So linguistics cannot override Clear Ahadith.

- 22 Sahabas witnessed the wiping of the ENTIRE head so we cannot resort to the linguistic meaning.
 
Point 10:  WIPING THE EARS
  
- According to Ahmad Ibn Hanbal wiping the ears in Wudu is FARD.
  
Wiping the ears in wudoo’ is something that the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) always did, and the scholars differed concerning it as to whether it is obligatory or Sunnah. Some of them said that it is obligatory, as is the view of the Hanbalis, because of the report narrated by Ibn Maajah from ‘Abd-Allah ibn Zayd (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “The ears are part of the head.” There is some difference of opinion as to whether this hadeeth is saheeh; 



[it was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah]


 - There's a difference of opinion on whether or not this hadith is Saheeh.

 - Because of this hadith, the two ears are regarded as part of the head.

Ibn Qudaamah (may Allah have mercy on him) said in al-Mughni, 1/90: 

The ears are part of the head, so by analogy our view is that it is obligatory to wipe them when wiping the head. Al-Khallaal said: All of them narrated from Abu ‘Abd-Allah concerning the one who does not wipe them, either deliberately or out of forgetfulness, that it is still valid. That is because they belong to the head, but we do not understand that the word head refers to the ears too, and they do not resemble any part of the head. Hence wiping them does not count as wiping the head according to those who say that wiping part of the head is sufficient. But it is better to wipe them when wiping the head, because the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) wiped them when he wiped his head. Al-Rubayyi‘ narrated that she saw the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) wipe his head, front and back, and his temples and ears once. Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) wiped his head and his ears, inside and out. 

Al-Tirmidhi said: The hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas and the hadeeth of al-Rubayyi‘ are both saheeh. End quote.

- Wahba Zuhaili is still alive today and his book relating to Ibn Qudaamah is the PEAK of FIQH.

- Ibn Qudaamah was a hanbali.

- Hence whenever Ibn Qudaamah says 'OUR VIEW', it automatically is assumed to be the HANBALI madhab.

- When he refers to Abu Abd-Allah, he's referring to Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (RA).

Point 11:  WIPING THE NAPE (back of the neck) 

- There's a weak hadith, which states wiping of the neck.


- If you go to a Hanafi masjid, you'll see people wiping their neck

- However the wiping of the nape is classified as BID’AH because The Prophet (saws) did not do it.
     
Point 12: WASHING THE RIGHT FOOT

Point 13: WASHING THE LEFT FOOT

- These are the compulsory body parts to wash.

- The hand to use is the left hand, and to pass your fingers between your toes as you     wash.

- The Rafidites (i.e. Shi'ites) don't wash their feet during Wudu.
 

- They wipe a damp hand on top of their foot i.e. on top of the skin.


Al-Mughirah bin Shu'bah (RA) said: “I was with the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam)
(during an expedition). He started to perform ablution and I was about to remove his socks (the khuff), when he said, “Leave them, for I put them on while I was in a state of purity,” and he wiped over them.” 

[Al-Bukhari (206) and Muslim (274)]

- The above hadith is what they use to justify this act.

- Another hadith refutes this, where a person's heel was dry, the dry area being the size of the coin. 

وعن أنس -  رضي عنه - قال: رأى النبي - صلى علیه وسلم -  رجلا, وفي قدمه مثل الظفر لم يصبه الماء. فقال: »ارجع فأحسن وضوءك«. أخرجه أبو داود,  والنسائي

60. Narrated Anas (RAA): The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) saw a man. There was a spot, much as the size of a nail on his foot, which had not been touched by the water (of ablution). The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) then said to him: "Go hack and perform ablution properly."  [Related by Abu Dawud and an-Nasa'i]

On the authority of ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr (RA) who said: The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) stayed behind us on a journey and then caught up with us, and we were late in praying ‘Asr. We started doing wudoo’ and wiping our feet (not washing them properly), and he called out at the top of his voice: “Save your heels from the fire” two or three times. 

[Al-Bukhari (163) and Muslim (241)]


- It is easy to know when a person is a Shia because shias are not allowed to perform Taqiyyah whilst performing Wudu.

- Hence they'll be seen damping their hands and wiping the top of their skin.

- Usually shi'ites practice deception (i.e. taqiyyah).

- But a shi'ite is not allowed to practise taqiyyah whilst performing wudu because they MAKE IT FARD to damp their hands and wipe over the skin based on the above hadith of Al-Mughirah bin Shu'bah.

- You the Shi'ites, YOUR HEELS ARE IN THE HELLFIRE TO ABIDE FOREVER! 

- When a munaafiq is sent to infiltrate Muslims, look at the way he performs Wudu. That'll be a telltale sign! 


Point 14:  DUA AFTER WUDU
  
وعن عمر - رضي عنه -  قال: قال رسول -  صلى علیه وسلم: »ما منكم من أحد يتوضأ, فیسبغ الوضوء, ثم يقول: أشھد أن لا إله إلا وحده لا شريك له, وأشھد أن محمدا عبده ورسوله, إلا فتحت له أبواب الجنة«. أخرجه مسلم.
  والترمذي, وزاد: »اللھم اجعلني من التوابین, واجعلني من المتطھرين

62. Narrated 'Umar (RAA): The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "If anyone performs ablution, perfectly, then says, 'I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, the One Who has no partner, and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger,' the eight gates of Paradise will be opened for him and he may enter by whichever of them he wishes." 



[Reported by Muslim and at-Tirmidhi]


- We have many ahadith, which state that the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) made Dua after Wudu; the hadith above is one of them.

The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) supplicated Allah thus after he had completed his wudu: 


“Allah hummaj alnee minat-tawwabeen, waj alnee minal mutah-tahereen” 



(O Allah, make me one of those who constantly repents to You, and of those who purify themselves.)”



[Related by At-Tirmidhee]


Point 15: TO BREAK WIND WHILE YOU ARE PERFORMING WUDU

- The scholars agree that the person who breaks wind DURNG performing wudu has to     START AGAIN.

Point 16:  THE SEQUENCE OF WUDU (i.e. the format)

1st:  Niyah (Intention)



2nd Bismillah بسم  



3rd: Wash both hands



4th:  Rinse your mouth



5th:  Sniff water in your nose & blow it out

  (4 & 5 COMPULSORY for Wudu & Ghusl)



6th:  Wash your face



7th:  Wash your right hand all the way to the elbow AND INCLUDING THE ELBOW



8th:  Wash your left hand all the way to the elbow AND INCLUDING THE ELBOW



9th:  Wipe the head ONCE



10th: Wipe the ears (the Prophet was seen using fresh water to do so)



11th: Washing the right foot 3 times INCLUDING THE ANKLE



12th: Washing the left foot 3 times INCLUDING THE ANKLE



(The Sunnah for 11 & 12 is to use your LEFT HAND to wash both feet, whilst passing your fingers through the toes.)



 - 13th: Recite your Dua (outside the toilet) 


'Umar ibn al-Khattab reported that the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "No one among you does wudu' and does wudu' thoroughly -– or adequately - and then testifies,

 أ ش ھدأ َش ْ ھَدُ أ نأ َنْ لالا َ إ لهَإ ِلَهَ  إ ِلِا َّ  ﷲﷲ ُ وح دهوَحْدَهُ لالا َ ش ريكش َ رِيكَ لهَلَهُ وأ ش ھدوَأ َش ْ ھَدُ أ َن َّ  م حمُحَمَم َّدًا عبهْدُ عَبْدُ وُرس ولُهوَرَس ُ ولُهُ 

'Ash-hadu an la ilaha illallahu Wahdahu la sharika Lahu, wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhu wa Rasuluhu' 



(I testify that there is no true god except Allah Alone, Who has no partners and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger) without the eight doors of the Garden being opened to him so that he can enter by whichever of them he wishes." 



[Sahih Muslim (1/209) No. 234]

  
A report narrated by al-Tirmidhi adds: 

 اللھَّ ُم َّ   اج علناجْعَلْنِيِي منمِنَ الت َّو َّابیِنابِینَ، واج علنوَاجْعَلْنِيِي منمِنَ الم تطھَ رينالمُتَطَھِّرِينَ 

“Allahumma ij’alni min al-tawwaabeena wa’j’alni min al-mutatahhireen 


(O Allah, make me one of those who repent and make me one of those who purify themselves).” 



[Sunan Tirmidhi (1/77) No. 55]


- The above is the 'Tarteeb' (i.e. SEQUENCE) 

- The Hanbalis (RA) state that if you mix up the format, your wudu is BAATIL.

- For example, it's not allowed to wash your feet BEFORE washing your face.

- According to Abu Hanifa (RA), if you mix up the format, your Wudu is STILL VALID.

- The CORRECT opinion is the HANBALI opinion.

Point 17:  CONTINUITY IN WUDU

- For example, when washing the right hand, you are not allowed to delay washing your left hand until your right hand becomes dry.

  

- However if your face becomes dry before you wash your feet, your Wudu is VALID because continuity is talking about the limb that follows the other limb.



Ibn Qudaamah said in al-Mughni (1/181): 


The continuity that is required is that one should not leave washing another part of the body until enough time has elapsed for the previous part to dry within a moderate amount of time, because a part may dry quickly at some times and not others. End quote.

- You can't make wudu and interrupt it midway to do something else.

Point 18:  WUDU WITH NAIL POLISH/VARNISH

- The Fuqaaha have said that Wudu with nail polish is BAATIL because water has to touch the nail.

Point 19:  WUDU WITH WATERPROOF MAKE-UP


- The Fuqaaha have said that waterproof make-up is like nail varnish.
  
- Hence baatil (if it's water-resistant)

The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) to Abu Dharr (may Allaah be pleased with him):

“If you find water, then let it touch your skin, for that is good.” 



[Narrated by Abu Dawood (332); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abu Dawood]


Imam al-Shaafa’i (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

 

If there is on him any mastic or anything thick that will prevent the water from reaching the skin, his washing of that part for wudoo’ is not valid, unless he removes it or removes enough so that he knows that there is no barrier to the water touching the skin.  End quote.  



[Al-Umm (1/44)] 


Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: 



If there is wax, dough, henna and the like on one of his limbs, which prevents water from reaching any part of it, then his tahaarah is not valid, whether the amount is large or small. If there are traces of henna and its colour left on the hand, without there being any solid material left, or elsewhere, or traces of liquid grease whereby water flows over the limb but does not stay there, his tahaarah is valid. End quote.  



[Al-Majmoo’ (1/529)]


Point 20:  WUDU WITH HAIR OIL & HAIR GEL
  
- Wudu with hair oil & hair gel is VALID.

- This is because of the previous fatwah of Imaam Nawawi, which talks about liquid grease where the fuqaaha state the wudu is valid when performing wudu over types of skin lotion.

Point 21:  ISTINJA BEFORE WUDU


- The person who answers the call of nature (urinates or defecates) needs to make Istinja prior to Wudu for his wudu to be valid.
  
Point 22:  TALKING DURING WUDU

- Wudu is an act of Ibadah.

- Therefore the Fuqahaa say that worldly talks like gossip, etc. are NOT ALLOWED.

- However, the talking which IS ALLOWED is such as the nature of conversation whilst doing tawaaf around the Kaaba