ROOT ISLAMIC EDUCATION Part 1
OCT 26 2013 / 11 Dhul Hijjri 1434
By Shaikh Abdullah Al Faisal
Editing By Abu Hafiza 4
Root Islamic Education is the things you need to know in order to be a real Muslim.
THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF KNOWLEDGE THEY ARE
- In Arabic, it is called “USOOL”, the root of the matter
- The other branch of knowledge is called the furoo’3 (the branches).
If you don't know how to divide up inheritance, no one can call you a kaafir because this is furoo’3 however, you need to know the usool.
Tawheed is (Usool) root Islamic education.
This is why Abu Hanifa called it “Fiqh Akbar”. It is very unfortunate that many Muslims are ignorant about the usool.
It is embarrassing for you not to have knowledge about your (Deen) religion.
WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF ISLAM?
The definition of “ISLAM” is to surrender to Allah with TAWHEED and to submit to Allah with obedience, and to renounce shirk and the people of SHIRK.
That is the only legitimate definition for ISLAM.
Your Islam is not complete until you surrender to Allah with Tawheed and submit to Allah with obedience.
You need to renounce SHIRK and its people. Only then is your Islam is complete
ROOT ISLAMIC EDUCATION #1 WHAT ARE THE FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM?
On the authority of Abdullah, the son of Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA), who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW) say, "Islam has been built on five [pillars]: testifying that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, establishing the salah (prayer), paying the zakat (obligatory charity), making the hajj (pilgrimage) to the House, and fasting in Ramadhan."
[It was related by al-Bukhari and Muslim]
In the time of Abu Bakr (RA), some people took their Shahada and prayed FIVE times a day.
However they refused to pay zakah to Abu Bakr (RA); He held a shura meeting to discuss the matter.
Abu Bakr (RA) decided to fight them.
Some people recite the Shahada but they perform black magic too which nullifies their Shahada.
Abu Bakr (RA) fought the people who refused to pay Zakah killed them and then buried them in the graveyard of the kuffar.
Some people say Islam has a sixth pillar; it is Jihad; because Surah Al Baqarah 216
Jihad (holy fighting in Allah's Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims) though you dislike it, and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not know.
The same word, “kutiba” (ordained) was used for both fasting and jihad.
It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: One who died but did not fight in the way of Allah nor did he express any desire (or determination) for Jihad died the death of a hypocrite.
[Sahih Muslim, Book 20, Hadith 4696]
Because of this hadith and the above-mentioned verse, Some scholars say Jihad is the sixth pillar of Islam.
ROOT ISLAMIC EDUCATION # 2: THE SIX PILLARS OF IMAN
The Prophet (saw) said IMAAN is to believe in ALLAH, His ANGELS, His BOOKS, His MESSENGERS, the Day of JUDGMENT and DESTINY.
No one is allowed to believe in some of these pillars and reject others.
Umar (RA) ibn al-Khattab (RA) said that they were with Allah’s Messenger (SAW) when a man came wearing extremely white clothing and deep black hair but signs of a journey could not be detected on him nor could they recognise him as one of them. He came to the Prophet (SAW) and sat down beside him, his knees touching the Prophet’s (SAW). He asked “O Muhammad, what is faith”? He said, “It is to believe in Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers (peace be upon them all), in the Last Day and in Predestination of good and evil.”
[(Bukhari Vol 1 Book 2 Hadith 47), (Muslim Book 1 Chapter 2 Hadith 6), Tirmidhi 2619, Abu Dawud 4695, Nisai 5005, Ibn Majah 63, Ahmed 184]
Ata' bin Abi Rabah said, "I went to Ibn 'Abbas and found him drawing water from the well of Zamzam. The bottom of his clothes was wet with the water of Zamzam and I said to him, 'They talked about Al-Qadar (some denied it).' He asked, 'Have they done this?' I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'By Allah! This Ayah was revealed only about them, ("Taste you the touch of Hell!" Verily, We have created all things with Qadar.) They are the worst members of this Ummah. Do not visit those who fall ill among them or pray the Funeral prayer for those among them who die. If I saw one of them, I would pluck out his eyes with these two fingers of mine."
[Tafsir Ibn Kathir (7/483), Tafsir Ibn Abi Hatim (10/3321) No. 18715, Ithaf al-Khiyarah al-Maharah al-Busayri (6/280) No. 5846, its narrators are Thiqat (trustworthy)]
Jabir (RA) narrated the Messenger (SAW) said: "Two kinds of people will not receive my intercession (on the Day of Judgment) the Qadariyah and the Murji’a."
[Al-Tabarani in 'al-Mu’jam al-Awsat' (6/69) No. 5817]
ROOT ISLAMIC EDUCATION # 3: THE SEVEN CONDITIONS OF SHAHADA
وقيل لوهب بن منبه: أليس لا إله إلا الله مفتاح الجنة؟ قال: بلى، ولكن ليس مفتاح إلا له أسنان، فإن جئت بمفتاح له أسنان فتح لك، وإلا لم يفتح ل
Wahb ibn Munabbih was once asked, "Isn't the statement of la ilaha illa-llah the key to Paradise?" He answered, "Yes, but every key has ridges. If you come with the key that has the right ridges, the door will open for you. Yet if you do not have the right ridges the door will not open for you.”
[Sahih Bukhari, (2/71), al-Asma' wa al-Sifat al-Bayhaqi (1/274), Hilyatul-Awliya Abu-Naeem al-Asbahani (4/66)]
The Shahada is the key to Paradise but every key has ridges.
It is because of this hadith that the scholars say the Shahada has 7 conditions.
They got them from the Quran and Sunnah.
If knowledge is not classified for you, you are nothing but a headless chicken.
1) ILM (Knowledge)
If someone takes their shahada but they don't know what they are saying, their shahada is not valid.
The evidence for this is in Surah Az Zukhruf Verse 86.
“Except those who bear witness to the truth (i.e. believed in the Oneness of Allah, and obeyed His Orders) “and they know (the facts about the Oneness of Allah).
2) YAQEEN (CERTAINTY)
Only those are the believers who have believed in Allah and His Messenger, and afterward doubt not but strive with their wealth and their lives for the Cause of Allah. Those! They are the truthful.
If you have doubts concerning your Deen, you are not a Muslim.
If you doubt whether Allah exists or whether Muhammad is a prophet, you are a kaafir.
You are not allowed to doubt one of the five pillars of Islam or one of the 6 pillars of Imaan.
3) TO ACCEPT IT INWARDLY AND TO TESTIFY TO IT OUTWARDLY.
The evidence for this is in Quran Surah 3:18.
Allah bears witness that La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), and the angels, and those having knowledge (also give this witness); (He is always) maintaining His creation in Justice. La ilah illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.
(Al Imran 3:18)
Even Allah testify, the angels testify and those who have knowledge.
Abu Talib is in that pathetic state because he didn't testify. Even Allah testifies.
Abu Talib is in the hellfire to abide forever.
ﷺ begged Allah to give Abu Talib the lightest punishment in Hell
He will be given shoes made of fire that will make his brain boil.
If it weren't for the intercession of Muhammad, Abu Talib would have been in the bottom of the fire.
Narrated By Al-Abbas bin 'Abdul Muttalib: That he said to the Prophet "You have not been of any avail to your uncle (Abu Talib) (though) by Allah, he used to protect you and used to become angry on your behalf." The Prophet said, "He is in a shallow fire, and had It not been for me, he would have been in the bottom of the (Hell) Fire."
[Sahih Bukhari, Vol 5, Book 58, Hadith 222]
4) TO SURRENDER TO QURAN AND SUNNAH (INQIYAAD)
O you, who have believed, enter into Islam completely [and perfectly] and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy.
(Al-Baqarah 2:208) Sahih International
But no, by your Lord, they can have no Faith, until they make you (O Muhammad SAW) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission.
It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed in a plain error.
5) TO CONDEMN ALL SHADES OF FALSEHOOD
Don't be a hypocrite and condemn Shirk of Quboor (Graves) but not of the Qusoor (Palaces).
If you are going to condemn Shirk of the Barelvis, you have to condemn Shirk of hakamiyyah.
The Aqeeda of the Saudi Salafi is that the one who dismantles the Sharia is perfect in Iman.
Bin Baz said there is no Iman for the one who dislodges the Shariah.
Shaikh 'Abdul-'Azeez Ibn 'Abdullah Ibn Baaz said: "There is no Eeman for the one who believes the laws of the people and their opinions are superior to the Hukm of Allah and His Messenger or that they are equal to it or that they resemble it or who leaves it or replaces it with fabricated laws and institutions invented by people, even if he believes that the laws of Allah are more encompassing and more just."
[Wujoob Tah'keem Shari'ah Allah' (pg. 16-17)]
The Saudi Salafis target reverts. Their books on Tawheed are very weak.
Allah (SWT) said in the quran surah al Imran verse 104:
Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good (Islam), enjoining Al-Ma'ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do) and forbidding Al-Munkar (polytheism and disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden). And it is they who are the successful.
(Al Imran 3:104)
6) SINGULARITY OF DEVOTION
This is to single out Allah (SWT) for your ibadah.
This is where the Barelvis fail miserably.
It is important to know the 7 conditions of Shahada, to know which group went astray and where.
Allah (SWT) said in quran surah An Nisa verse 48:
Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him in worship, but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases, and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin.
The most pious person to walk the face of the Earth was Muhammad
ﷺ and Allah warned him about shirk?
Allah Said in the Quran surah Az Zumar Verse 65:
And indeed it has been revealed to you (O Muhammad SAW), as it was to those (Allah's Messengers) before you: "If you join others in worship with Allah, (then) surely (all) your deeds will be in vain, and you will certainly be among the losers."
What makes you think mother Teresa stands a chance when she died reciting holy Mary, mother of God? Christians are mushrikeen because they changed their religion from monotheism to polytheism when they brought in the trinity.
Say (O Muhammad SAW): "Verily, my Salat (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)."He has no partner. And of this I have been commanded, and I am the first of the Muslims."
Don't follow the wicked Scholars who say if a man worships idols, Allah (SWT) will let him off on the day of Judgement because he was ignorant.
That is the creed of the Wicked Scholars.
There is no excuse of ignorance for worshipping a false deity.
They say their evidence is when Umar (RA) let off a woman who committed zina with her servant boy because she did it out of ignorance.
This woman committed zina; she didn't worship a false deity so don't bring us this evidence.
We testified against ourselves so that we can't use the excuse of ignorance on the Day of Judgement.
Allah (SWT) said in the Quran Surah Al A'raf verse 172
And [mention] when your Lord took from the children of Adam - from their loins - their descendants and made them testify of themselves, [saying to them], "Am I not your Lord?" They said, "Yes, we have testified." [This] - Lest you should say on the day of Resurrection, "Indeed, we were of this unaware."
(Al-A'raf 7:172) Sahih International
Narrated from Anas (RA) that a man said: “O Messenger of Allah, where is my father?” He said: “In Hell.” When he turned away he called him back and said: “My father and your father are in Hell.”
[Sahih Muslim (Vol. 1, pg. 191) No. 203] [Sunan Abu Dawud (Book 42 hadith 123) (Book 41 hadith 4700)]
You have to be sharp with the hujjah and not half-educated.
The hujjah should be in your heart.
There is a Quranic verse where Allah (SWT) pronounced Jews and Christians as Kuffar even before the hujjah was established against them.
Those who disbelieve from among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and among Al-Mushrikun, were not going to leave (their disbelief) until there came to them clear evidence.
Abu Yusuf narrated from Imam Abu Hanifah: “Abu Hanifah stated: No servant (abd) has an excuse regarding knowledge of his Rabb due to ignorance. All creatures must know their Rabb and make Tawhid. The reason for this is that they see the created sky, the creation of themselves and all things Allah created. When it comes to the Fardh; regarding those who do not know them and related news had not reached them, means that evidence had not been stable as Hukm (i.e., an Ayah had not been revealed yet, or a Hadith had not been stated yet etc.).”
Why did Allah (SWT) pronounce them kuffar even before the hujjah came to them?
Allah (SWT) said in the Quran surah Ar Rum verse: 30
So set you (O Muhammad SAW) your face towards the religion of pure Islamic Monotheism Hanifa (worship none but Allah Alone) Allah's Fitrah (i.e. Allah's Islamic Monotheism), with which He has created mankind. No change let there be in Khalqillah (i.e. the Religion of Allah Islamic Monotheism), that is the straight religion, but most of men know not. [Tafsir At Tabari, Vol 21, Page 41]
Allah's (SWT) Fitrah (your natural instinct that Allah (SWT) has instilled in your bosom) is to worship (Allah) Him alone.
If you went against your fitrah, there is no excuse of ignorance for you and stay away from the wicked scholars; they have no idea what they are talking about.
7) AL WALA WAL BARA (LOVING AND HATING FOR THE SAKE OF ALLAH)
Some sheikhs lived in the UK for 15 years and they didn't teach Al wala wal bara even though it is root Islamic knowledge.
Allah (SWT) said in the Quran Surah Al Mumtahinah verse: 1
O you who believe! Take not My enemies and your enemies (i.e. disbelievers and polytheists, etc.) as friends, showing affection towards them, while they have disbelieved in what has come to you of the truth (i.e. Islamic Monotheism, this Qur'an, and Muhammad SAW), and have driven out the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) and yourselves (from your homeland) because you believe in Allah your Lord! If you have come forth to strive in My Cause and to seek My Good Pleasure, (then take not these disbelievers and polytheists, etc., as your friends). You show friendship to them in secret, while I am All-Aware of what you conceal and what you reveal. And whosoever of you (Muslims) does that, then indeed he has gone (far) astray, (away) from the Straight Path.
Allah (SWT) referred to His enemies as consequently our enemies.
You are the best person to watch yourself; do you have an enemy of Allah (SWT) as your friend?
Indeed there has been an excellent example for you in Ibrahim (Abraham) and those with him, when they said to their people "Verily, we are free from you and whatever you worship besides Allah, we have rejected you, and there has started between us and you hostility and hatred for ever until you believe in Allah Alone" except the saying of Ibrahim (Abraham) to his father "Verily, I will ask for forgiveness (from Allah) for you, but I have no power to do anything for you before Allah" Our Lord! In You (Alone) we put our trust, and to You (Alone) we turn in repentance, and to You (Alone) is (our) final Return,
If you have an enemy of Islam as a friend, you are not a Muslim and you will be exposed soon
Did you know Al Wala Wala Bara was called Millat Ibrahim?
Abu Muhammad al Maqdisi wrote a book on Al Wala Wal Bara and he called his book Millat Ibrahim.
Abraham was so firm with his Al Wala Wala Bara, many scholar refer to it as millat ibrahim.
Did you know Abu Ubaidah ibn al Jarrah chopped off the head of his father at the battle of Badr?
On the authority of Anas bin Malik (RA) who reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "For every Ummah there is an Amin (trustee) and the Amin (trustee) of our Ummah is Abu 'Ubaidah bin Al-Jarah."
[Narrated by al-Bukhari (3744) and Muslim (2419)]
The excuse some scholars used for not teaching al wala wal bara was that the ummah was not ready for it.
Even after 20 years, they will say they are not ready.
Allah (SWT) said in the Quran Surah Al Mujadilah Verse 22 and Al Imran 118
You (O Muhammad SAW) will not find any people who believe in Allah and the Last Day, making friendship with those who oppose Allah and His Messenger(Muhammad SAW ), even though they were their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or their kindred (people). For such He has written Faith in their hearts, and strengthened them with Ruh (proofs, light and true guidance) from Himself and We will admit them to Gardens (Paradise) under which rivers flow, to dwell therein (forever). Allah is pleased with them, and they with Him. They are the Party of Allah Verily it is the Party of Allah that will be the successful
O you who believe! Take not as (your) Bitanah (advisors, consultants, protectors, helpers, friends, etc.) those outside your religion (pagans, Jews, Christians, and hypocrites) since they will not fail to do their best to corrupt you. They desire to harm you severely. Hatred has already appeared from their mouths, but what their breasts conceal is far worse. Indeed We have made plain to you the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses) if you understand.
(Al Imran 3:118)
Hatred gushes from their mouth and we call Fox News Fox Spews because they spew venom at the ummah of Muhammad ﷺ.
Al Wala Al wal Bara is to love what Allah loves and to hate what Allah hates.
It is to show solidarity to the ummah of Muhammad
ﷺ and to show disavowal to the enemies of Allah and his messenger.
Abu Dharr (RA) narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "The best of the actions is to love for the sake of Allah and to hate for the sake of Allah."
[Sunan Abu Dawud (4/198) No. 4599 and Musnad Ahmad (5/146) No. 21341]
If you love the enemies of Islam, you are a hypocrite outside the fold of Islam.
ROOT ISLAMIC EDUCATION # 4: THE FOUR BRANCHES OF TAWHEED
Why do we say the four branches of tawheed and not the three branches?
Many people say there are only three branches and not fourth is it a bidah.
The reason why we say the four branches of tawheed is because Prophet Yusuf taught four branches of tawheed in prison.
Statements of this magnitude need hujjah
The hujjah is surah 12:39-40.
"O two companions of the prison! Are many different lords (gods) better or Allah, the One, the Irresistible? "You do not worship besides Him but only names which you have named (forged) you and your fathers, for which Allah has sent down no authority. The command (or the judgement) is for none but Allah. He has commanded that you worship none but Him (i.e. His Monotheism), that is the (true) straight religion, but most men know not.
"O two companions of the prison! Are many different lords (gods) better or Allah (SWT), the One, the Irresistible? This part of the ayah is talking about tawheed ar rububiyyah because it focuses on Allah's Lordship
You do not worship besides Him but only names; which you have named (forged), you and your fathers, for which Allah has sent down no authority.
This part of the ayah is talking about Tawheed Asma wa Sifat because Prophet Yusuf is rebuking them for using names Allah didn't use to ascribe to himself.
The command (or the judgement) is for none but Allah. This part of the ayah is talking about Tawheed Hakimiyyah because Prophet Yusuf told the inmates in prison that the command is for none but Allah (SWT).
He has commanded that you worship none but Him.
This part of the ayah is talking about Tawheed Ibadah because Prophet Yusuf told the inmates in prison that the worship belongs to Allah alone.
Allah (SWT) spoke about the four branches of Tawheed in Surah Fatiha.
All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)
This ayah is talking about Tawheed Rububiyyah because it mentions Allah's (SWT) Lordship.
The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful This ayah is talking about Tawheed Asma Wa Sifaat.
Jabir reported: I heard Allah's Apostle (May peace be upon him) as saying: None of you would get into Paradise because of his good deeds alone, and he would not be rescued from Fire, not even I, but because of the Mercy of Allah
[Sahih Muslim, Book 39, Hadith #6769]
You (Alone) we worship, and you (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).
This ayah is talking about Tawheed Ibadah. It says the worship belongs to Allah (SWT) alone.
Allah (SWT) mentions the four branches of Tawheed in Ayatul Kursi as well.
Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter . And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. [This Verse 2:255 is called Ayat-ul-Kursi]