SHARH OF BULUGH AL MARAAM SERIES:
Book 2 Chapter 1 (The Time of Prayer) Page 66
30 January 2013 / 18 Rabi Al-Awwal 1434
QUESTION & ANSWER
ASR what is the ruling of making sujud when you here good news? Do you need wudo?
- That sujud is thanking Allah.
- There is nothing wrong with this.
- There is no sajda without wudu.
- Further research may be necessary.
Qiyaam al-Layl (The Night Prayer) - what time to pray and haw many rakah? Does it have to be everyday?
- This means you stayed up and didn’t go to sleep.
- Tahajjud means you went to sleep and woke up and there are more blessings in this.
- It is up to you how many rakah.
- Some did 100 rakah.
When you said we need to memorise or write the dua for salatul istikhaara, do you mean in Arabic? because there is a point in the dua where we need to mention the affair and most of us can’t speak Arabic... So it is ok to do it in another language...
- It has to be in Arabic.
- The affair can be in your language.
- You should try your best to recite it in Arabic.
- You cannot make a dua in other than Arabic in sujood of fard prayers.
- You can make dua in sujood in your language if it is a sunnah prayer.
قال الشافعي - رحمه الله - في الرسالة : فعلى كل مسلم أن يتعلم من لسان العرب ما بلغه جهده، حتى يشهد به أن لا إله إلا الله، وأن محمدا عبده ورسوله، ويتلو به كتاب الله، وينطق بالذكر فيما افترض عليه من التكبير، وأمر به من التسبيح، والتشهد، وغير ذلك
Imam Shafi'i (rh) said: "Every Muslim is obligated to learn the Arabic tongue to the utmost of his power in order [to be able] to profess through it that "There is no Ilah but Allah and Muhammad is His Messenger" and to utter what is mandated upon him, the takbir, and what is commanded, the tasbih, and the tashahhud and others."
[Al-Risala al-Shafi'i (pg. 47)]
- You need to learn Arabic.
Ibn Taymiyyah said: “As for becoming accustomed to talking to one another in a language other than Arabic, which is the symbol of Islam and the language of the Qur’aan, so that this becomes a habit in the land, with one’s family and household members, with one’s friends, in the marketplace, when addressing government representatives or authority figures or when speaking to people of knowledge, undoubtedly this is makrooh (disliked), because it involves being like the non-Arabs, which is makrooh, as stated previously.
Hence when the early Muslims went to live in Syria and Egypt, where the people spoke Byzantine Greek, and in Iraq and Khurasaan, where the people spoke Farsi, and the Maghrib
(North Africa) where the people spoke Berber, they taught the people of those countries to speak Arabic, so that Arabic became the prevalent language in those lands, and all the people, Muslim and kaafir alike, spoke Arabic. Such was also the case in Khurasaan in the past, then they became lax with regard to the language and got used to speaking Farsi until it became prevalent and Arabic was forgotten by most of them. Undoubtedly this is makrooh.
The best way is to become accustomed to speaking Arabic so that the young people will learn it in their homes and schools, so that the symbol of Islam and its people will prevail. This will make it easier for the people of Islam to understand the Qur’aan and Sunni, and the words of the Salaf, unlike a person who gets used to speaking one language, then wants to learn another, and finds it difficult.
Know that being used to using a language has a clear and strong effect on one’s thinking, behaviour and religious commitment. It also has an effect on making one resemble the early generations of this Ummah, the Sahaabah and Taabi’een. Being like them improves one’s thinking, religious commitment and behaviour.
Moreover, the Arabic language itself is part of Islam, and knowing Arabic is an obligatory duty. If it is a duty to understand the Qur’aan and Sunnah, and they cannot be understood without knowing Arabic, then the means that is needed to fulfil the duty is also obligatory.
There are things which are obligatory on all individuals (fard ‘ayn), and others which are obligatory on the community or ummah (fard kifaayah, i.e., if some people fulfil them the rest are relieved of the obligation).
This is the meaning of the report narrated by Abu Bakr ibn Abi Shaybah who said: ‘Eesa ibn Yoonus told us from Thawr from ‘Umar ibn Yazeed that ‘Umar wrote to Abu Moosa al-Ash’ari (may Allaah be pleased with him) and said: ‘learn the Sunnah and learn Arabic; learn the Qur’aan in Arabic for it is Arabic.’
According to another hadeeth narrated from ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him), he said: ‘Learn Arabic for it is part of your religion, and learn how the estate of the deceased should be divided (faraa’id) for these are part of your religion.’
This command of ‘Umar, to learn Arabic and Sharee’ah, combines the things that are needed, for religion involves understanding words and actions. Understanding Arabic is the way to understand the words of Islam, and understanding the Sunnah is the way to understand the actions of Islam…”
[Iqtida' as-Sirat al-Mustaqeem (1/526-528)]
وأيضا فإن نفس اللغة العربية من الدين، ومعرفتها فرض واجب، فإن فهم الكتاب والسنة فرض، ولا يفهم إلا بفهم اللغة العربية، وما لا يتم الواجب إلا به فهو واجب.
Ibn Taymiyyah said: "Moreover, the Arabic language itself is part of Islam, and knowing Arabic is an obligatory duty. If it is a duty to understand the Qur’an and Sunnah, and they cannot be understood without knowing Arabic, then the means that is needed to fulfil the duty is also obligatory.”
[Iqtida' as-Sirat al-Mustaqeem (1/527)]
- You shouldn’t be walking around speaking other than Arabic.
- The Pakistanis and the Persians don’t speak Arabic, and their aqeedah is atrocious.
- They say Allah didn’t protect the Quran.
- The Pakistanis worship graves.
- They don’t speak Arabic.
- Do not take you deen from anyone who cannot speak Arabic.
- A saudi salafi said that the ulema made ijtihad that saudi citizens cannot marry non Saudis.
- This is kufr.
- Never debate with a munafiq unless you record it.
1) Is it haram to pray Sunnah in congregation?
2) Can you make up for Fard you have missed out in the past, even if it was years before, since you can calculate how many Fard were due by counting the days you have lived?
- There is no sunnah in congregation.
- You can do tahajjud in congregation.
- Abu Hanifa (RA) says you have to make all of them up and even the witr.
- The correct opinion is that if you miss 5 years you make taubah and hope that Allah forgives you.
What does a person do if they oversleep for fajr salah?
- The sahabas overslept; you pray when you wake up.
- Put the alarm on the mobile phone as the athan and you will wake up and not miss a single fajr.