Monday, February 17, 2014

Sharh of Bulugh Al Maram: {The 10 Pre-Requisites Of Salah} {Notes & Audio} {February 03 2013}



بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

SHARH OF BULUGH AL MARAAM

Book 2, Chapter 3 (THE 10 PRE REQUISITES OF SALAH), Page 82

3RD FEBRUARY 2013/22 RABI AL-AWWAL HIJRI

BY SHAIKH ABDULLAH AL-FAISAL

Edited by: Abu Hafiza & AT6


The 10 Prerequistes Of Salah {Mp3 Audio Click Me}

عن علي بن طلق - رضي الله عنه - قال: قال رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم «إذا فسا أحدكم في الصلاة فلينصرف، وليتوضأ، وليعد الصلاة». رواه الخمسة، وصححه ابن حبان

220. Narrated ‘Ali bin Talq (RAA): Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “When any of you passes wind during prayer, he must leave the prayer, perform ablution and repeat the prayer.”

[Related by the five Imams and was graded as authentic by Ibn Hibban]

و [عن عائشة - رضي الله عنها - ، عن النبي - صلى الله عليه وسلم - قال: «لا يقبل الله صلاة حائض إلا بخمار». رواه الخمسة إلا النسائي، وصححه ابن خزيمة

221. Narrated ‘A’ishah (RAA): Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said “Allah does not accept the prayer of an adult woman unless she is wearing a head covering (Khimar, hijab).”

[Related by the five Imams and was declared as authentic by Ibn Khuzaimah]

وعن جابر - رضي الله عنه - أن النبي - صلى الله عليه وسلم - قال له: «إن كان الثوب واسعا فالتحف به»، يعني: في الصلاة. ولمسلم: «فخالف بين طرفيه - وإن كان ضيقا فاتزر به». متفق عليه

222. Narrated Jabir (RAA): Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “If the garment is large enough, wrap it round your body (when you pray).” And in the narration of Muslim, ‘you should have its ends crossed with each other (i.e. if the garment is large) and if it is tight then use it as Izar (tie it round your waist).”

[Agreed upon]

ولهما من حديث أبي هريرة - رضي الله عنه: «لا يصلي أحدكم في الثوب الواحد ليس على عاتقه منه شيء»

223. Narrated Abu Huraira (RAA): Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “None of you must pray in a single garment, with no part of it covering his shoulders.”

[Agreed upon]

وعن أم سلمة - رضي الله عنها: أنها سألت النبي - صلى الله عليه وسلم: «أتصلي المرأة في درع وخمار، بغير إزار؟ قال: «إذا كان الدرع سابغا يغطي ظهور قدميها». أخرجه أبو داود وصحح الأئمة وقفه

224. Narrated Umm Salamah (RAA): that she asked the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), ‘Can a woman wrap in a long shirt (like a night dress) and head covering without Izar (loincloth)?’ He said “if the shirt is long and flowing and covers the top of her feet”

[Related by Abu Dawud]

And to Allāh belong the east and the west, so wherever you turn yourselves or your faces there is the Face of Allāh (and He is High above, over His Throne). Surely! Allāh is All-Sufficient for His creatures' needs, All-Knowing

(Al-Baqarah 2:115)

- They did ijtihad to find the kaaba. When morning came they saw they were wrong.

This ayah was revealed for that incident.

وعن أبي هريرة - رضي الله عنه - قال: قال رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم: «ما بين المشرق والمغرب قبلة». رواه الترمذي، وقواه البخاري

226. Narrated Abu Huraira (RAA): Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “The area (falling between) between the east and the west is considered to be the Qiblah”

[Related by At- Tirmidhi]

وعن عامر بن ربيعة - رضي الله عنه - قال: رأيت رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - يصلي على راحلته حيث توجهت به. متفق عليه. زاد البخاري: يومئ برأسه، ولم يكن يصنعه في المكتوبة

227. Narrated ‘Amir bin Rabi’ah (RAA): ‘I saw the Messenger of Allah (SAW), perform (optional prayer) while riding on his mount (camel), facing whichever direction it (the mount) turned’

[Agreed upon In the narration of al-Bukhari, ‘he nodded his head slightly, and he would not do this in the obligatory prayer’]

- If you are on a plane you can pray sitting in your seat.

- You don't have to worry about the qibla.

- This hadith proves that you can pray without worrying about the qibla in this situation.

- Abu hanifa (RA) said this is only for sunnah prayers.

- The others say that you can pray fard prayers like this too.

- This is the correct opinion.

- Whether in a bus or in a car you can pray this way.

- Allah (SWT) wants ease for you.

ولأبي داود: من حديث أنس: كان إذا سافر فأراد أن يتطوع استقبل بناقته القبلة، فكبر، ثم صلى حيث كان وجه ركابه. وإسناده حسن

228. Narrated Anas Ibn Malik (RAA): “When the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) was on a journey and he wanted to pray voluntary prayers, he turned his mount towards the Qiblah, said the takbir (Allahu Akbar) and then prayed towards whichever direction his mount turned to”

[Related by Abu Dawud, with a good chain of narrators]

وعن أبي سعيد - رضي الله عنه - عن النبي - صلى الله عليه وسلم: «الأرض كلها مسجد إلا المقبرة والحمام». رواه الترمذي، وله علة

229. Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (RAA): Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “The world earth is a mosque (i.e. suitable place for performing prayers), with the exception of graveyards and the public baths.” 

[Related by At-Tirmidhi, but it has a defect in its chain of narrators]

- Some places are haraam to pray in.

- These places are outlined.

وعن ابن عمر - رضي الله عنهما-[قال]: نهى النبي - صلى الله عليه وسلم - أن يصلى في سبع مواطن المزبلة، والمجزرة، والمقبرة، وقارعة الطريق، والحمام، ومعاطن الإبل، وفوق ظهر بيت الله. رواه الترمذي وضعف

230. Narrated ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Umar (RAA): Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) forbade us to pray (salah) in seven places: dunghills, slaughterhouses, graveyards, in the middle of the road, bathhouses, places where camels kneel to drink, and on the top of Allah’s house (i.e. the Ka’bah)

[Related by At-Tirmidhi who declared it to be weak]

- If you see yourself praying on top the kabaah in a dream that is a bad dream.

- It means you will lose your faith.

وعن أبي مرثد الغنوي - رضي الله عنه - قال: سمعت رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - يقول: «لا تصلوا إلى القبور، ولا تجلسوا عليها». رواه مسلم

231. Narrated Abu Marthad al-Ghanawi, ‘I heard the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) say, “Do not pray facing graveyards and do not sit on them.” 

[Related by Muslim]

- The Prophet prayed janaza over a woman when she was already in the grave.

- The hanbali madhab says you can do this.

- Imam Malik says you can’t do this and that it was only for the Prophet.

- If you are in Saudi you apply the madhab of Ahmad ibn Hanbal.

- If you are where there are grave worshippers, you have to apply the madhab of Imam
 Malik.

- If you are at a place where there are no grave worshippers, you can pray over the grave.

وعن أبي سعيد - رضي الله عنه - قال: قال رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم: «إذا جاء أحدكم المسجد، فلينظر، فإن رأى في نعليه أذى أو قذرا فليمسحه، وليصل فيهما». أخرجه أبو داود، وصححه ابن خزيمة

232. Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (RAA): Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “When one of you comes to the mosque, he should turn his shoes (sandals or khuff) over, and examine them. If one finds any dirt (najasah) on them, he should rub them against the ground and pray in them”

[Related by Abu Dawud and Ibn Khuzaimah graded it as Hadith Sahih]
  
- The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) was praying salah and the angel came and told him to take off his shoes.

- They had something unclean on it.

- Your salah is bautil if you have something unclean on you.

- The place where you pray also has to be clean.

- You need to be in a state of wudu.

وعن أبي هريرة - رضي الله عنه - قال: قال رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم: «إذا وطئ أحدكم الأذى بخفيه فطهورهما التراب». أخرجه أبو داود وصححه ابن حبان

233. Narrated Abu Huraira (RAA): The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said “When any of you trends with his Khuff on something which is unclean (Najis), he should purify them with dust”

[Related by Abu Dawud, and Ibn Hibban graded it as Sahih]

وعن معاوية بن الحكم - رضي الله عنه - قال: قال رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم: «إن هذه الصلاة لا يصلح فيها شيء من كلام الناس، إنما هو التسبيح، والتكبير، وقراءة القرآن». رواه مسلم

234. Narrated Mu’awiyah bin al-Hakam (RAA): The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “Talking to others is not appropriate during prayers, for prayer is for glorifying Allah (saying Tasbih), exalting His Greatness (saying Allahu Akbar) and reciting the Qur’an”

[Related by Muslim]

- You cannot talk in salah; it nullifies salah.

- A sahaba was guilty of talking in salah.

- Someone had sneezed and said Alhamdulillah and he gave the reply during salah.

- They were in jalsa, and they started hitting their knees.

- The above hadith was not narrated by the caliph Mu’awiyah.

- A man talked in salah so why didn’t the prophet tell him to repeat his salah?

- The scholars said it was because he was a new shahada and he was jahil about this matter.

- So he had the excuse of ignorance.

- Ignorance is an excuse according to sharia law.

- This is how merciful the sharia is.

- The sahaba used to talk in salah before Surah 2:238 was revealed.

Guard strictly (five obligatory) As ­Salawāt (the prayers) especially the middle Salāt (i.e. the best prayer ­ 'Asr). And stand before Allāh with obedience [and do not speak to others during the Salāt (prayers)].

(Al-Baqarah 2:238)

235. Narrated Zaid bin Arqam (RAA): “We used to talk while we were in prayer, in the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). A person would speak to the person next to him until the verse was revealed, “Guard strictly the (five obligatory) prayers especially the middle prayer, and stand before with devout obedience (do not speak with one another)” (2:238).

And we were then commanded to observe silence during prayer, and were forbidden to talk.

[Agree upon, and the wording is Muslim’s]

- Women clap to indicate a mistake has been made in salah.

- Men say subhanAllah.

وعن أبي هريرة - رضي الله عنه - قال: قال رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم «التسبيح للرجال، والتصفيق للنساء». متفق عليه. زاد مسلم:                          «في الصلاة»

236. Narrated Abu Hurairah (RAA): The Prophet (saws) said, “Saying subhanallah is for men, and clapping is for women.”

[Agreed upon. Muslim has the extra phrase in his narration ‘in prayer’.]

وعن مطرف بن عبد الله بن الشخير، عن أبيه قال: رأيت رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - يصلي، وفي صدره أزيز كأزيز المرجل، من البكاء. أخرجه الخمسة، إلا ابن ماجه، وصححه ابن حبان

237. Narrated Abdullah Ibn ash-Shikhkhir, ‘I saw the Messenger of Allah (saws) praying while his chest was ‘buzzing’ like the rumbling of a boiler, due to crying.’

[Related by the five Imams except for Ibn Majah, and Ibn Hibban authenticated it]

وعن علي - رضي الله عنه - قال: كان لي مع رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - مدخلان، فكنت إذا أتيته وهو يصلي تنحنح لي. رواه النسائي، وابن ماجه

238. Narrated Ali (RAA): ‘I used to visit the Messenger of Allah (saws) twive (every day, at certain times). Whenever I entered to where he was while he was praying, he would clear his throat (as a sign that I may enter).

[Related by an-Nasai and Ibn Majah]

- You can wave with your hand to someone and it does not break salah.

وعن ابن عمر - رضي الله عنهما-[قال]: قلت لبلال: كيف رأيت النبي - صلى الله عليه وسلم - يرد عليهم حين يسلمون عليه، وهو يصلي؟ قال: يقول هكذا، وبسط كفه. أخرجه أبو داود، والترمذي وصححه

239. Narrated Ibn Umar (RAA), ‘I asked Bilal: “How did you see the Messenger of Allah (SAWS) respond when people greeted him while he was in salah? He said, “He would signal to them with his hand.

[Related by Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi who graded it as Sahih]

240.
 وعن أبي قتادة - رضي الله عنه - قال: كان رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - يصلي وهو حامل أمامة بنت زينب، فإذا سجد وضعها، وإذا قام حملها. متفق عليه. ولمسلم: وهو يؤم الناس في المسجد

- A woman can pray with her child in her hand. It is ok because the prophet held his grandsons when he was making salah.

وعن أبي هريرة - رضي الله عنه - قال: قال رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم «اقتلوا الأسودين في الصلاة: الحية، والعقرب». أخرجه الأربعة، وصححه ابن حبان

241.Narrated Abu Hurairah (RAA): The Prophet (SAWS) said, “Kill the two black (things): the snake and the scorpion during prayer.”

[Related by the four Imams, and Ibn Hibban graded it as authentic]

THE TEN PREREQUISITES OF THE SALAH

1) ISLAM

- You can take a kaafir to jihad because Umar did it.

- The enemy of your enemy is your friend.

- He has to be a foot soldier.

- He cannot be in a position.

- His activities have to be monitored.

- Islam is a condition for all acts of ibadah because of the following ayah:

"Whosoever does an evil deed, will not be requited except the like thereof, and whosoever does a righteous deed, whether male or female and is a true believer (in the Oneness of Allāh), such will enter Paradise, where they will be provided therein (with all things in abundance) without limit.

(Ghafir 40:40)

- You need Islam for acts of ibadah.

- If a kaafir makes hajj it is bautil.

2) AQL (SANITY)

- Without aql you cannot make intention.

3) TAAMYEEZ

- Maturity is not a condition for salah.

- A seven (7) year old can lead salah.

- A twelve (12) year old led the people in prayer.

- Puberty is not a condition for leading the prayer.

- Because of technology, you dont have to have reached puberty to do jihad.

- You can make IEDs.

4) TAHAARAH

عن علي بن طلق - رضي الله عنه - قال: قال رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم«إذا فسا أحدكم في الصلاة فلينصرف، وليتوضأ، وليعد الصلاة». رواه الخمسة، وصححه ابن حبان

220. Narrated ‘Ali bin Talq (RAA): Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “When any of you passes wind during prayer, he must leave the prayer, perform ablution and repeat the prayer.”

[Related by the five Imams and was graded as authentic by Ibn Hibban]

- When you break wind you leave the salah, make wudu and come back.

- It has to be from the anus.

- Wind from the vagina does not break wudu
  
5) REMOVAL OF FILTH FROM YOUR CLOTHING

- This includes items of clothing such as belts, etc. made of pig skin.

وعن أبي سعيد - رضي الله عنه - قال: قال رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم: «إذا جاء أحدكم المسجد، فلينظر، فإن رأى في نعليه أذى أو قذرا فليمسحه، وليصل فيهما». أخرجه أبو داود، وصححه ابن خزيمة

232. Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (RAA): Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “When one of you comes to the mosque, he should turn his shoes (sandals or khuff) over, and examine them. If one finds any dirt (najasah) on them, he should rub them against the ground and pray in them.”

[Related by Abu Dawud and Ibn Khuzaimah graded it as Hadith Sahih]

- It is haraam to pray with filth on your clothing.

- You should be in a state of wudu.

- The place has to be clean.

 6) YOU HAVE TO COVER YOUR AURA

- You have to have clothes on.

- Without hijab a woman’s salah is bautil.

- Can she expose her feet in salat?

- Imam Shafi (RA) and Ahmad ibn Hanbal (RA) say her feet have to be covered.

- Abu Hanifa (RA) says otherwise.

- Abu Hanifa (RA) has the correct opinion.

- This is because she can pray with her face exposed.

- The face is the most beautiful part of her body.

- This is evidence that the feet can be shown.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said: If a woman wears pants or loose khuff (leather slippers), and the jilbab hangs over it so that the shape of the foot cannot be seen, this achieves the purpose, unlike the tight khuff (leather slippers) which shows the shape of the foot, because this is worn by men.

[Majmoo‘ al-Fataawa, 22/148]

"And similar [is the case with] the foot.  It is permissible for her to show it [in salah] according to Abu Hanifah, and [this] is the stronger [position], for and hands for they used not to walk in khuffs or shoes.  [Moreover], to cover these in [salah] poses a great hardship, and Umm Salamah said, 'A woman should pray in an ample garment which covers the tops of her feet,' and so when she makes sajdah, the bottoms of her feet may show."

[ Hijab al-Mara'ah wa-Libasuha fi al-Salah , pp. 17-18]

"And similar [is the case with] the foot.  It is permissible for her to show it [in salah] according to Abu Hanifah, and [this] is the stronger [position], for `A'ishah considered it of the apparent beauty. So this is evidence that women used to show their feet initially, just as they used to show their faces

In conclusion, it is preferable and more precautionary to cover the feet. However, due to the existence of scholarly disagreement on some details, one who follows another opinion in good conscience should not be criticized. And Allah knows best.

- Some say that even in the home a woman has to cover her feet.

- This is extremism.

- It is good to cover the feet, but you cannot criticize a woman for exposing her feet.

- They say that the feet can get a man excited.

- They use a hadith that a woman should only expose her face and hands.

- The hanafis say that a woman’s face is the most beautiful part of her so her feet can be shown.
  
7) THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE SALAT

- If you pray before the time it is bautil.

8) TO FACE THE QIBLA

 - If you do ijtihad and did not face the kaabah, your salat is not bautil.

Verily! We have seen the turning of your (Muhammad's) face towards the heaven. Surely, We shall turn you to a Qiblah (prayer direction) that shall please you, so turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid- al-Harām (at Makkah)

(Al-Baqarah 2:144)

- Some masjids are built slightly away from the qibla.

- This causes a great fitnah.

- The shaikhs said that the imam has to face the qibla.

- If the people behind face the direction of the masjid, their salah will be accepted.

9) THE PLACE THAT YOU PRAY SHOULD BE CLEAN

وعن ابن عمر - رضي الله عنهما-[قال]: نهى النبي - صلى الله عليه وسلم - أن يصلى في سبع مواطن: المزبلة، والمجزرة، والمقبرة، وقارعة الطريق، والحمام، ومعاطن الإبل، وفوق ظهر بيت الله. رواه الترمذي وضعف

230. Narrated ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Umar (RAA): Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) forbade us to pray (salah) in seven places: dunghills, slaughterhouses, graveyards, in the middle of the road, bathhouses, places where camels kneel to drink, and on the top of Allah’s house (i.e. the Ka’bah).

[Related by At-Tirmidhi who declared it to be weak]

- Cleanliness is half of eeman (faith).

Narrated Abû Mâlik Al-Hârith bin Âsim Al-Ash’ari: Allah’s Messenger said, “Cleanliness is half of Faith; the utterance of Allah (Al-hamdu lillah – all praise belongs to Allah) fills the scales of good actions; 

[MUSLIM]

10)  NIA (INTENTION)

Umar ibn al-Khattab said, 'I heard the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), say, "Actions only go by intentions. Everyone gets what they intend"

[Al-Bukhari (1) and Muslim (1907)]

Umar ibn al-Khattab said, 'I heard the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), say, "Actions only go by intentions. Everyone gets what they intend"

[Al-Bukhari (1) and Muslim (1907)]

- If you don't make intention, your salah is bautil.

- You can pray your Dhuhr at Asr time.

- There is no reward for salah without niyah.

THE 14 ARKAAN (PILLARS) OF SALAH

1) THAT YOU STAND UP AND PRAY

- Only a sick person may sit down.

2) THE OPENING TAKBEER IHRAM

3) THE RECITATION OF SURAH FATIHAH

- It has to be in Arabic and recited properly.

- Some countries say zawleen instead of daawleen.

- That salah is bautil.

4) RUKU

- Your back should be flat.

- A glass of water should not spill if put on your back.

- Your salah is bautil if your back is not flat.

5) RISING FROM RUKU TILL YOUR BACK IS STRAIGHT

- If it isn't straight you are stealing from the salah.

6) THE SUJOOD

- This is the position when your face is on the ground.

- Should you go knees or hands first?

- Shafi’is say hands first.

- Hanbalis says knees first.

- This is not an issue.

- Whatever you do, your salah is accepted.

- Advice: Do what you are comfortable with.

7) COMING UP FROM THE PROSTRATION POSITION

8) SITTING CALMLY BETWEEN THE 2 SADJAS

9) KHUSHOO IN SALAT (TRANQUILITY)

- You can't rush the salah.

10) THE ACTIONS HAVE TO BE DONE ACCORDING TO TARTEEB (ORDER).

- You can’t do sadja before ruku.

11) SITTING BEFORE THE FINAL TASHAHUD

12) SENDING PEACE AND BLESSINGS UPON THE PROPHET

- After the Rasool (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) died, they quit saying asalamu alayka and they said asalam ala nabi.

-Albani and bin baz say asalamu alaika.

Narrated Ibn Mas'ud  Allah's Apostle taught me the Tashahhud as he taught me a Sura from the Quran, while my hand was between his hands. (Tashah-hud was) all the best compliments and the prayers and the good things are for Allah. Peace and Allah's Mercy and Blessings be on you, O Prophet! Peace be on us and on the pious slaves of Allah, I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and I also testify that Muhammad is Allah's slave and His Apostle. (We used to recite this in the prayer) during the lifetime of the Prophet, but when he had died, we used to say, "Peace be on the Prophet." 

[Bukhari -Volume 8, Book 74, Number 281]  

- Wagging the finger in tahashud is also incorrect/

13) TO GIVE THE TASLEEM

- To give tasleem to the right is fard and to give it to the left is sunnah.

- If you break wind after the first tasleem, you salah is valid.

- The Malikis only give tasleem to the right.

- The salah is over when the tasleem to the right is done.

WHAT NULLIFIES THE SALAH

1) EATING AND DRINKING

- If food is stuck in your teeth smaller than a chickpea and you swallow it, your salah is not bautil.

- If you swallow food larger than the size of a chickpea, your salah is bautil.

2) SPEAKING INTENTIONALLY IN SALAT

- If you say something connected to the salah, like to correct the imam, you salah is not bautil.
  
3) TO FIDGET EXCESSIVELY IN THE SALAH
  
- If you move 3 times in one position your salah is bautil.
  
4)TO LEAVE OFF ONE OF THE CONDITIONS OF THE SALAH

- If you leave off one of the 10 conditions of salah. your salah is bautil
  
5)TO LAUGH OUT LOUD IN SALAT

- Smiling doesn’t break salah.

With regard to the ruling on smiling during prayer, it does not invalidate the prayer.

[See al-Mawsoo’ah al-Fiqhiyyah, part 27, p. 124]
  
Ibn Qudaamah said: Ibn al-Mundhir said: They were unanimously agreed that laughing invalidates prayer, and most of the scholars said that smiling does not invalidate prayer.

[Al-Mughni, part 1, p. 394]
  
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said: as for smiling, it does not invalidate prayer, but if one giggles in prayer then that invalidates it. 

[Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 2, p. 227 

Al-Nawawi said: our view is that smiling in prayer does not affect it. Al-Majmoo’, part 4, p. 22]

6) A WOMAN,DOG OR DONKEY WALKING IN FRONT OF YOU

- If a man does it your salat is not broken.

- He has done haraam but your salah is valid.

It was reported from ‘Abdullah ibn al-Samit that Abu Dharr said: “The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘If any one of you stands up to pray, then he has a sutrah [an item placed in front of a praying person as a “screen”] if he has something the height of the back of a saddle in front of him. If he does not have something the height of the back of a saddle in front of him, then his prayer is invalidated if a donkey or a woman or a black dog passes in front of him.’” I [‘Abdullah] asked, “O Abu Dharr, what is the difference between a black dog and a red or yellow dog?” He said, “O son of my brother, I asked the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) the same question, and he said, ‘The black dog is a shaytan (devil).’”

[Sahih Muslim (1/365) No. 510, Sunan Abu Dawud (1/187) No. 702, Sunan al-Nasa'i (2/63) No. 750, Sunan Tirmidhi (2/161) No. 338, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/102) No. 952, Musnad Ahmad (5/155) No. 21415]

- If a cat walks in front of you, your salah is not broken.