Monday, February 24, 2014

Sharh of Bulugh Al Maram: (The Description of How Prayer Is To Be Performed) {FEBRUARY 09 2013}


بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

THE SHARH OF BULUGH AL MARAAM SERIES

{Book 2, Chapter 7 (The Description of how Prayer is to be Performed), Page 99}

By Shaikh Abdullah Al-Faisal

FEBRUARY 09 2013 / 28 RABI Al-AWWAL 1434 HIJRI

Edited by: Abu Hafiza & AT6


باب صفة الصلاة

CHAPTER HOW PRAYER IS TO BE PERFORMED 
  
عن أبي هريرة - رضي الله عنه - أن النبي - صلى الله عليه وسلم - قال «إذا قمت إلى الصلاة فأسبغ الوضوء، ثم استقبل القبلة، فكبر، ثم اقرأ ما تيسر معك من القرآن، ثم اركع حتى تطمئن راكعا، ثم ارفع حتى تعتدل قائما، ثم اسجد حتى تطمئن ساجدا، ثم ارفع حتى تطمئن جالسا، ثم اسجد حتى تطمئن ساجدا، ثم افعل ذلك في صلاتك كلها». أخرجه السبعة، واللفظ للبخاري. ولابن ماجه بإسناد مسلم: «حتى تطمئن قائما».

279. Narrated Abu Hurairah (RAA): The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "When you get up for prayer, perform ablution properly and then face the Qiblah and say Takbir (Allahu Akbar) and then recite whatever you can from the (verses of the) Qur'an, and then bow until you repose therein (in your ruku'). After that come up again until you are standing upright, and then prostrate until you repose therein, (in your prostration), then raise your head and sit and repose (remain motionless for a while), then prostrate (again) and repose in your prostration. Do that in all of your prayers."

Related by the seven Imams, and the wording is Al-Bukhari's. Ibn Majah transmitted the following through the chain of narrators of Muslim, "and then come up again (from ruku') until you repose in your standing."
  
- This was related by the seven.

THE DESCRIPTION OF THE PROPHET’S PRAYER

ومثله في حديث رفاعة عند أحمد وابن حبان

280. Ahmad and Ibn Hibban reported on the authority of Rifa'ah bin Rafi' a similar narration.

وفي لفظ لأحمد: «فأقم صلبك حتى ترجع العظام».

281. Ahmad has in one of his narrations, "Straighten your back until the bones in your spine return to their places (the spine must be upright)."

وللنسائي، وأبي داود من حديث رفاعة بن رافع: «إنها لن تتم صلاة أحدكم حتى يسبغ الوضوء كما أمره الله، ثم يكبر الله، ويحمده، ويثني عليه». وفيها «فإن كان معك قرآن فاقرأ وإلا فاحمد الله، وكبره، وهلله».

282. An-Nasa'i and Abu Dawud reported on the authority of Rifa'ah bin Rafi', "The prayer of anyone of you is not perfect unless he performs ablution perfectly, as Allah Glorified be He ordered him to do. Then he should utter the Takbir and praise Allah, the Exalted." This narration also says, "If you know some verses from the Qur'an then recite them, or else praise Allah (say Alhamdu-lillah), say the Takbir (Allahu Akbar) and the Tahlil (la ilaha illallah)."

- To recite Surah Fatiha is fard but to recite a surah after Fatiha is a sunnah not fard.

- Your prayer is valid if you forget to recite a surah after Surah Fatiha.

- There are a lot of hadiths in this chapter.

- All of them are not here.

- Allah will ask you about your salah on the Day of Judgement.

“The first thing the people will be accountable for on the Day of Judgment is prayer, Allah will say to His angels (even though he already knows) : “Look at my servants prayers. Were they complete or not?” If they were complete it will be written as complete. If they were not fully complete Allah will say: “See if my servant has voluntary prayers, If he has them Allah will say: Complete his obligatory prayers shortage with his voluntary prayers.” Then the rest of his deeds will be dealt with in the same manner.”

[Reported by Imams Ahmad, Abu Dawood, An-Nisa'i, and Al-Hakim]

- If your salah is lacking, Allah (SWT) will not look at the other things.

Jabir (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “Between a man (Muslim) and shirk and disbelief lies neglect of salah.”

[Sahih Muslim (1/88) No. 82, Sunan Tirmidhi (5/13) No. 2620, Sunan Abu Dawud (4/219) No. 4678, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/181) No. 1078, Sunan An-Nasa'i (1/232) No. 463, Musnad Ahmad (3/370) No. 15021]

Abdullah ibn Shaqiq Uqayli (RA) reported, saying “The companions of Muhammad (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) did not regard neglect of any of the deeds as disbelief as they did (neglect) of Salah."

[Sunan Tirmidhi (5/14) No. 2622 and Mustadrak al-Haakim (1/48) No. 12 who said it met the conditions of al-Bukhari and Muslim]

- Those who abandon salah have become kuffar.

- There was a debate on this, on whether someone who doesn’t pray is a kaffir.

- A surah was brought to checkmate the idea that a person doesn’t become a kaffir for not praying:

But if they repent, perform As-Salāt (Iqāmat-as-Salāt) and give Zakāt, then they are your brethren in religion. (In this way) We explain the Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for a people who know.

(At-Tawbah 9:11)

- This is when you can accept someone as your brother in deen.

1) TO MAKE WUDU PROPERLY

- The reason this is the first is to be a slap in the face of the Shiites.

- They don't make wudu properly.

Jabir reported: 'Umar bin al-Khattab said that a person performed ablution and left a small part equal to the space of a nail (unwashed). The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) saw that and said: “Go back and perform ablution well." He then went back (performed ablution well) and offered the prayer.

[Sahih Muslim (1/215) No. 243, Musnad Ahmad (1/21) No. 134, Sunan Ibn Majah (1/424) No. 666]

On the authority of ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr (RA) who said: The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) stayed behind us on a journey and then caught up with us, and we were late in praying ‘Asr. We started doing wudoo’ and wiping out feet (not washing them properly), and he called out at the top of his voice:
“Save your heels from the fire” two or three times.

[Al-Bukhari (163) and Muslim (241)]

- With incorrect wudu, your salah is invalid.

- The Shias do not wash their feet for wudu.

- The Shia cannot practice deception in wudu.

- They are not allowed to make wudu like the Sunnis.

- Look how he performs his wudu and you can tell who he is.

- You will know if they are Shia or not.

2) FACE THE QIBLA, CLOTHING AND AREA BEING CLEAN

- You cannot pray in dirty places and with dirty clothing.

- Even though it is compulsory to face the Qibla, you are exempt if you are in a vehicle or on the battlefield, or in a plane, train, etc.

Verily! We have seen the turning of your (Muhammad's) face towards the heaven. Surely, We shall turn you to a Qiblah (prayer direction) that shall please you, so turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid- al-Harām (at Makkah).

(Al-Baqarah 2:144)

- You have to ask the residents where the Qibla is.

- If you can’t find a resident, you make ijtihaad.

- Your salah is accepted if you are not actually facing the Qibla.

- Your salah is still accepted because of Surah 2:115.

And to Allāh belong the east and the west, so wherever you turn yourselves or your faces there is the Face of Allāh (and He is High above, over His Throne). Surely! Allāh is All-Sufficient for His creatures' needs, All-Knowing.

(Al-Baqarah 2:115)

- A resident can call out to a person or use his hand and turn someone who is not facing the qibla during the prayer.

- The salah is accepted.

3) YOU CANNOT SIT AND PRAY

- Only those who are old and sick can sit.

So keep your duty to Allāh and fear Him as much as you can; listen and obey; and spend in charity that is better for yourselves. And whosoever is saved from his own covetousness, then they are the successful ones.

(At-Taghabun 64:16)

- You have to do what you can to the best of your ability.

- You can sit down in any position that is most comfortable for the people who are sick and old.

- You are allowed to pray with shoes on or off depending on the circumstances.

- You have to use hikmah.

- You cannot walk on the streets with your shoes on and then onto an expensive carpet.

- If you are in the park that is different.

- You will cause fitnah if you walk on to a carpet with your shoes on.

- As for the sutra, the sutra is sunnah muakadah.

- Some say it is fard but that is not correct.

- When you pray facing the sutra, you cannot allow someone to pass in between you and the sutra.

Passing means you pass where he puts his face on the ground.

 وعن أبي سعيد الخدري - رضي الله عنه - قال: قال رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم: «إذا صلى أحدكم إلى شيء يستره من الناس، فأراد أحد أن يجتاز بين يديه فليدفعه، فإن أبى فليقاتله، فإنما هو شيطان». متفق عليه. وفي رواية: «فإن معه القرين».

248. Narrated Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (RAA): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, 'If any one of you prays toward a sutrah (a barrier) and someone tries to pass in front of him, then push him away. If he refuses, then fight him, for he is a devil."

[Agreed upon. In another narration, 'For he has his evil companion (Qareen) with him"]

عن أبي جهيم بن الحارث - رضي الله عنه - قال: قال رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم: «لو يعلم المار بين يدي المصلي ماذا عليه من الإثم لكان أن يقف أربعين خيرا له من أن يمر بين يديه». متفق عليه، واللفظ للبخاري. ووقع في «البزار» من وجه آخر: «أربعين خريفا».

242. Narrated Abu Juhaim bin al Harith (RAA): The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "If the person who passed in front of another person in prayer knew the magnitude of his sin he would rather wait for 40 (days, months or years) rather than pass in front of him.

["Agreed upon, and the wording is al-Bukhari's. Al-Bazzar narrated with a different chain of narrators, "forty autumns."]

وعن أبي ذر - رضي الله عنه - قال: قال رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم: «يقطع صلاة المرء المسلم - إذا لم يكن بين يديه مثل مؤخرة الرحل - المرأة، والحمار، والكلب الأسود ... » الحديث. وفيه: «الكلب الأسود شيطان». أخرجه مسلم

245. Narrated Abu Dharr al-Ghifari (RAA): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "When any one of you stands for prayer and there is nothing in front of him (at least) equal to the back of the saddle, as a sutrah, his prayer would be cut off by (the passing of a) woman, an ass, and a black Dog." This narration also has, "The black dog is a devil.

[Related by Muslim.]

Umar ibn al-Khattab said, 'I heard the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), say, "Actions only go by intentions. Everyone gets what they intend..."

[Al-Bukhari (1) and Muslim (1907)]

- The intention has to be made.

- When you stand to pray fajr, you need to make your intention whether you are doing the fard or sunnah of fajr.

- The niyyah has to include that you intend to pray two rakah sunnah or fard for the sake of Allah.

- If you do not do the niyyah correctly you salat is bautil.

- There is no 4 rakah sunnah.

- You pray them two by two

Ibn Umar narrated that the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “The prayer during day and night are to be offered two by two.”

[Musnad Ahmad (2/26) No. 4791, Sunan Abu Dawud (2/29) No. 1295, Sunan al-Nasa'i (3/227) No. 1666, Sunan Tirmidhi (2/491) No. 597, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/349) No. 1322, Sunan al-Darime (1/404) No. 1458]
  
‘Uqbah ibn Hurayth said: I said to Ibn ‘Umar: “What does two by two mean?” He said: “Saying the tasleem after each two rak’ahs.”

[Sahih Muslim (1/519) No. 749]

- After making the intention for the sake of Allah, you have to say for the sake of Allah.

- It is bid’ah to say the intention out loud.

- After the intention, you perform the opening takbeer (takbeer ihram).

- You cannot raise your voice with the takbeer if you are not the Imam.

- If by yourself, you whisper the takbeer.

- The muadhin can repeat the takbeer after the Imam if there are no microphones in the masjid.

- It is haraam to recite the takbeer before the Imam.

4) HOW TO RAISE THE HANDS FOR TAKBEER

- You are allowed to raise your hands simultaneously with the takbeer.

- You can raise your hands at the same time, before or after the takbeer.

- All three are reported in sahih hadith.

5) YOU SHOULD RAISE YOUR HANDS WITH YOUR FINGERS OUTSTRETCHED

- You can raise your hands to your shoulders or your ears.

- Both are accepted.

- After takbeer you should place your right hand over the left hand on your chest.

- Placing the hands underneath the navel is a weak hadith.

- However, the salah is still valid.

عن أبي هريرة - رضي الله عنه - قال: نهى رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - أن يصلي الرجل مختصرا. متفق عليه، واللفظ لمسلم. ومعناه: أن يجعل يده على خاصرته

251. Narrated Abu Hurairah (RAA): The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) prohibited that one puts his hands on his waist during prayer."

[Agreed upon and the wording is from Muslim.]

وفي البخاري: عن عائشة - رضي الله عنها: أن ذلك فعل اليهود

252. Al-Bukhari added in his narration on the authority of 'A'ishah (RAA): "This is what the Jews do in their prayer,"

- The Shiites imitate the Jews who pray with their hands by their sides.

Wa'il b. Hajr said "I prayed with Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) and he put his right hand over his left hand over his chest."

[Sahih Ibn Khuzaimah (Vol. 1, pg. 243) No. 479, Abu Dawud (Vol. 1, pg. 260) No. 759]

- Weak hadiths say to place hands on places other than the chest.

- The salah of men and women are exactly the same.

- Only weak hadith state otherwise.

- While standing in the qiyaam (standing) position, you are not to look to the right, left or to the skies.

- You have to look where you make sajda.

- It is makrooh to pray with your eyes closed.

- If something is distracting you, you can pray with eyes closed so you don’t lose your khushu.
  
The fuqahaa’ differ as to whether closing the eyes during prayer is makrooh. Imaam Ahmad and others did count it as makrooh, and said: “This is the action of the Jews,” but others allowed it and did not count it as makrooh. The correct view is that if keeping the eyes open does not affect a person’s khushoo’, then this is better, but if keeping the eyes open affects a person’s khushoo because of decorations, adornments etc. in front of him, which distract him, then it is not makrooh at all for him to close his eyes. The opinion that indeed it is mustahabb in this case is closer to the principles and aims of sharee’ah than saying it is makrooh. And Allaah knows best.

(Zaad al-Ma’aad, 1/293, Daar al-Risaalah edn.)

- Musalli means the person who is performing salah.

- You make intention, then say Allahu Akbar.

- You then recite the opening dua.

It was narrated from Abu Sa'eed al-Khudri that: When the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) started to pray he would say: سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ، وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ وَلَا إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ "Subhaanaka Allaahumma wa bihamdika, wa tabaaraka ismuka wa ta’aala jadduka, wa laa ilaaha ghayruka" (Glory and praise be to You, O Allah. Blessed be Your name and exalted be Your majesty, there is none worthy of worship except You.)"

[Sunan al-Nasa'i (2/132) No. 900, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/5) No. 804, Sunan Tirmidhi (2/9) No. 242, Sunan al-Darime (1/310) No. 1239, Musnad Ahmad (3/69) No. 11675]

- After the opening dua you say ‘audhu billahi minashaitanir rajeem’.

- This is recited with a low voice.

 - Then ‘bismillahi Rahmanir Raheem’ is also recited in a low voice.

- If you don’t know the dua you say subhanallah.

Ibn Rushd said:
They disagreed about imama of a woman. The majority maintained that she cannot lead men, but they disagreed about her leading women (in prayer). Al-Shafi'i permitted this while Malik prohibited it. Abu Thawr and al-Tabari deviated (from the majority opinion) and permitted her imama in absolute terms.

The majority agreed to prohibit her from leading men, because had this been permitted such permission would have been transmitted from the first generation (of Islam). Further, a known practice in prayer is that women should stand behind men; therefore it is obvious that their being at the front is not permitted.

The Prophet (SAW) said: "Keep them behind insofar as Allah has kept them behind." It is for this reason that some jurists permitted them to lead women, as they have equal precedence for purposes of prayer. This has also been narrated from some members of the first generation.

Those who permitted her imama argued on the basis of the tradition of Umm Waraqa recorded by Abu Dawud "that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) used to visit her at her house and appointed a mu'adhdhin for her to recite the adhan for her. He ordered her to lead the members of her household in prayer."

There are many issues under this topic of imama, including their disagreement about the qualifications stipulated for the imam. We have left out their discussion as they are not expressly mentioned in the law.

The Qadi (Ibn Rushd) said: "What we have aimed for in this book is the discussion of issues that have been transmitted and of those that are closely related to the transmitted issues."

[Bidayat al-Mujtahid (vol. 1, pg. 161)]

Ibn Taymiyyah (rh) said:

"A learned woman leading unlettered men in the night prayers of Ramadan is permissible in the well known statement of Ahmed (ibn Hanbal), and as for all other supererogatory prayers, then there are two narrations."

[Naqd Maratib al-ijma' (pg. 290)]

- After bismillah, Surah Fatiha should be recited.

- The Sunnah is to pause at every ayah.

- The person should listen to imam in loud prayers.

- In silent prayers you should recite Surah Fatiha for yourself.

So, when the Qur’an is recited, listen to it, and be silent that you may receive mercy. [i.e. during the compulsory congregational prayers when the Imām (of a mosque) is leading the prayer (except Sûrat Al-Fātiha), and also when he is delivering the Friday-prayer Khutbah].

[Tafsir At-Tabari, Vol.9, Pages 162-4] (Al-A'raf 7:204)

- To recite a surah after Fatiha is a sunnah.

- You should recite a shorter surah in the second rakah.

- When leading a prayer take into consideration the feeble and sick.

- When praying alone you can pray as long as you like.

- Dhuhr, Asr and Janaza are silent prayers.

- The recommended form of recitation is tarteel.

Or a little more; and recite the Qur’an (aloud) in a slow, (pleasant tone and) style.

(Al-Muzzammil 73:4)

- It is the sunnah that the ulema should stand right behind the imam.

- In case the imam makes a mistake or breaks wudu.

- You raise your hands before going into ruku.

- This is called raf’ul yadain.

- You should say Allahu Akbar.

- You should bow as deep as your joints allow you.

- In ruku you should spread your fingers over and hold your knees.

- Your back should be flat.

- A glass of water if placed on your back should not spill.

- If your back is not straight, you are stealing from the salah and you are the worst of thieves.

- Whilst in ruku the head has to remain level with the back at all times.

- This is how the Prophet prayed.

- In ruku, elbows should be away from your sides.

- Then you should recite the following three times:

subhana rabbiyal adheem

- It is haraam to recite Quran in ruku.

وعن ابن عباس - رضي الله عنه - قال: قال رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم: «ألا وإني نهيت أن أقرأ القرآن راكعا أو ساجدا، فأما الركوع فعظموا فيه الرب، وأما السجود فاجتهدوا في الدعاء، فقمن أن يستجاب لكم». رواه مسلم

314. Narrated Ibn 'Abbas (RAA): 'The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "I was forbidden from reciting the Qur'an whether in a state of ruku' or in sujud (prostration). When you perform ruku', Glorify Allah (say Glory to my Lord the most Great), and in prostration, strive your best in making supplication, as you are then entitled to have your supplication answered (Allah willing).

[Related by Muslim]

- When you rise from ruku you should say sami’al lahu liman hamida.

وعن أبي هريرة - رضي الله عنه - قال: كان رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - إذا قام إلى الصلاة يكبر حين يقوم، ثم يكبر حين يركع، ثم يقول: «سمع الله لمن حمده» حين يرفع صلبه من الركوع، ثم يقول وهو قائم: «ربنا ولك الحمد» ثم يكبر حين يهوي ساجدا، ثم يكبر حين يرفع رأسه، ثم يكبر حين يسجد ثم يكبر حين يرفع، ثم يفعل ذلك في الصلاة كلها، ويكبر حين يقوم من اثنتين بعد الجلوس. متفق عليه

316. Narrated Abu Hurairah (RAA): 'When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) got up to pray, he would say the Takbir while standing, then say the Takbir when he bowed (for ruku'). When he rose from ruku' he would say, "Sami'al Lahu liman hamidah (Allah hears those who send praises to Him)," and while standing with his back straight (after ruku') he would say, "Rabbana wa lakal-hamd (O Allah, our Lord! All praise is for You)." He would then say the Takbir when going down to prostration, and when he raised his head, then when he prostrated for the second time he would say the Takbir one more time when he raised his head from the second prostration. He would do this for all his prayers, in each rak'ah and he would also say the Takbir when he got up from his sitting after praying two rak'at.

[Agreed upon.]

- While standing after ruku with your back straight you say Rabbana wa lakal-hamd.

- All the bones have to return to the original position.

- When you get up from ruku you should hang your hands to your side.

- Then you go down to sadja saying Allahu Akbar.

- You should not rush the salah.

Abi Qatadah reported that the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said "The worst thief is one who steals in his prayer." Then the companions asked, "How can someone steal from his prayer?" Prophet (SAW) answered, "He does not complete his Ruku and Sadjah with perfection."

[Musnad Ahmad (5/310) No. 22695, Sunan Darimi (1/350) No. 1328, Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah (1/331) No. 663]

- Khushoo is compulsory.

- Hand first is recommended when going down in sadja but if you go down with your knees first the salah is accepted.

On the authority of Abu Hurairah (RA) who said the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘When any one of you prostrates, let him not go down as the camel does; let him put his hands down before his knees.’”

[Musnad Ahmad (2/381) No. 8942, Sunan Abu Dawud (1/222) No. 840, Sunan al-Nasa'i (2/207) No. 1091, Sunan Tirmidhi (2/57) No. 269]

Ibn Taymiyyah said: “Praying in both ways is permissible, according to the consensus of the scholars. If a person wants to go down knees first or hands first, his prayer is valid in either case, according to the consensus of the scholars, but they disputed as to which is preferable.”

[Majmua al-Fatawa (22/449)]

- When the musalee is in sajda he should keep his fingers together.

- This is the opposite of ruku.

- In sajda the elbows are off the ground so as not to resemble the dog.

- Nose and forehead should be touching the ground and heels should be together.

وعن ابن عباس - رضي الله عنهما- قال: قال رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم: «أمرت أن أسجد على سبعة أعظم: على الجبهة - وأشار بيده إلى أنفه - واليدين، والركبتين، وأطراف القدمين». متفق عليه

318. Narrated Ibn 'Abbas (RAA): 'The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "I was commanded to prostrate on seven bones (bodily parts): the forehead" and he pointed to his nose, hands, knees and the ends of the feet (the toes).'

[Agreed Upon]

- In sajda the following is to be recited three times:

  (subhana rabbi al a’la)

- Dua is more likely to be accepted in this position (sajda).

- In fard prayers dua must be in Arabic.

- It is haraam to recite Quran in sadja.

- In the jalsa (sitting) you sit on the left leg, with right toes facing qibla and you say:

- He recited this Dua: Allaahum-maghfir lee warhamnee, when he sits between the two sajdas

-When you sit for the second rakah, you should recite the tashahhud

Narrated Ibn Mas'ud  Allah's Apostle taught me the Tashah-hud as he taught me a Sura from the Quran, while my hand was between his hands. (Tashah-hud was) all the best compliments and the prayers and the good things are for Allah. Peace and Allah's Mercy and Blessings be on you, O Prophet! Peace be on us and on the pious slaves of Allah, I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and I also testify that Muhammad is Allah's slave and His Apostle. (We used to recite this in the prayer) during the lifetime of the Prophet, but when he had died, we used to say, "Peace be on the Prophet." 

[Bukhari -Volume 8, Book 74, Number 281]

- The grave worshippers use assalamu alaika as hujjah to worship the graves

- And they use it to say the prophet is alive in the grave.

- When you do the tashahhud you point your finger throughout the tashahhud, you do not wag your finger.

- Wagging the finger is a weak hadith. The Saudi Salafis wagg their finger

[Imam Nawawi mentions in the Majmu‘ (3.454)]

from Abu Dawud and others with a sound chain of narrators on the authority Abdullah Ibn Az-Zubayr, that he described the prayer of the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) by saying, “He would point with his finger while supplicating without moving it.” As for what is present in the narration that mentions, that he (SAW) “used to move it”, the expression, “move it is an unreliable anomalous (Ar. shadhdh)

narration because the narrator who relates [this Hadith] on the authority of the Companion Wael Ibn Hujr (RA) contradicts everyone else who narrated from him

- You should have kushoo in salah and wagging your finger is excess movement in your salah.

-  When you pray salat for example the zuhr salat there is two part of tashahud.

- The Tashahud should be recited in full in the two sittings – shafi madhab.

- May be you should go along with imam Shafi to be on the safer side.

- The others imams say you can do half in the first sitting and the full in the second.