Sunday, March 30, 2014

{Noted} DEATH (The Destroyer Of Pleasures} {March 29 2014}

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم




Notes Taken by AT6

Hadith Hujjah by AT3 & AT15
Quran Hujjah by AT19

Edited By Abu Hafiza & AT6

- Allah (SWT) and His messenger have given us many Qur’aninc verses and hadith about death.

- Death is from Allah (SWT).


Blessed is He in Whose Hand is the dominion, and He is Able to do all things. Who has created death and life, that He may test you which of you is best in deed. And He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving;

(Al-Mulk 67:1-2)
- Allah (SWT) created life and life has difficulties and temptations.

- If you are able to cope with it, you have passed the test.

- Allah (SWT) created death with the punishment of the grave.

- The sheer thought of the punishment of the grave causes some to become good in conduct.

- There are 70 snakes in the grave.

- When you reflect on how you will be alone in the grave and the punishment of the grave, you become good in character.

- Allah (SWT) alone decides when a person passes away.

He it is Who gives life and causes death. And when He decides upon a thing He says to it only: "Be!" and it is.

(Ghafir 40:66)

- Allah (SWT) gives life and causes death.

- You cannot delay your death nor bring it forward.

- Sleep is the twin sister of death.

- Not everyone is fortunate to wake up from sleep.

It is He, Who takes your souls by night (when you are asleep), and has knowledge of all that you have done by day, then he raises (wakes) you up again that a term appointed (your life period) be fulfilled, then in the end unto Him will be your return. Then He will inform you what you used to do.

(Al-An'am 6:60)

- Some people die in their sleep.


- Allah (SWT) used the word yaqeen to describe death.

- Yaqeen means something which is certain.

"What has caused you to enter Hell?" They will say: "We were not of those who used to offer their Salat (prayers). "Nor we used to feed Al-Miskin (the poor); "And we used to talk falsehood (all that which Allah hated) with vain talkers. "And we used to belie the Day of Recompense. "Until there came to us (the death) that is certain." So no intercession of intercessors will be of any use to them.

(Al-Muddaththir 74:42-48)

- Allah (SWT) refers to death as yaqeen because we can't escape it.

Everyone shall taste death. And only on the Day of Resurrection shall you be paid your wages in full. And whoever is removed away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise, he indeed is successful. The life of this world is only the enjoyment of deception (a deceiving thing).

(Aali Imran 3:185)

- When the angel Israfeel blows into the trumpet everyone will die including the angel.

- Only Allah {SWT} will remain alive.

Whatsoever is on it (the earth) will perish. And the Face of your Lord full of Majesty and Honour will abide forever. Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinns and men) deny?

(Ar-Rahman 55:26-28)

- Allah (SWT) cannot die but everyone else will die.

- Even the angel who blows into the trumpet will die.

- Even the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) died.

Verily, you (O Muhammad SAW) will die and verily, they (too) will die.

(Az-Zumar 39:30)

- The barelvis don't accept that Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) is dead.

- They say he is ever living.

- They give the attribute al Hayy (the ever living) to Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam).

- If they hear you say Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) is dead, they will call you a wahhabi and say you don't love the Prophet.

- The barelvis have the audacity to use the following ayah to try to refute us.

Think not of those who are killed in the Way of Allah as dead. Nay, they are alive, with their Lord, and they have provision.

(Aali Imran 3:169)

- They use this ayah to say Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam)is alive in the grave.

- When the Prophet passed away, Abu Bakr said, "those who worshipped Muhammad, Muhammad is dead and those who worship Allah, Allah is alive and cannot die".

- Then Abu Bakr read Surah 3:144.

Muhammad (SAW) is no more than a Messenger, and indeed (many) Messengers have passed away before him. If he dies or is killed, will you then turn back on your heels (as disbelievers)? And he who turns back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah, and Allah will give reward to those who are grateful.  

(Aali Imran 3:144)

Narrated 'Aisha :Abu Bakr came riding his horse from his dwelling place in As-Sunh. He got down from it, entered the Mosque and did not speak with anybody till he came to me and went direct to the Prophet, who was covered with a marked blanket.

Abu Bakr uncovered his face. He knelt down and kissed him and then started weeping and said, "My father and my mother be sacrificed for you, O Allah's Prophet! Allah will not combine two deaths on you. You have died the death which was written for you."

Narrated Abu Salama from Ibn Abbas : Abu Bakr came out and 'Umar , was addressing the people, and Abu Bakr told him to sit down but 'Umar refused. Abu Bakr again told him to sit down but 'Umar again refused. Then Abu Bakr recited the Tashah-hud (i.e. none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah's Apostle) and the people attended to Abu Bakr and left  Umar. Abu Bakr said, "Amma ba'du, whoever amongst you worshipped Muhammad, then Muhammad is dead, but whoever worshipped Allah, Allah is alive and will never die. Allah said: 'Muhammad is no more than an Apostle and indeed (many) Apostles have passed away before him ..(up to the) grateful.' " (3.144) (The narrator added, "By Allah, it was as if the people never knew that Allah had revealed this verse before till Abu Bakr recited it and then whoever heard it, started reciting it ")

[Bakhari Volume 2, Book 23, Number 333]

- The ijma of the sahabas is that the Prophet is dead.

- The barelvis want to say that Muhammad is still alive in his grave and he has all his faculties.

- There is no doubt that there is life in the grave.

- By saying Muhammad is alive in the grave, you are going against the ijma of the sahabas.

- The claim of the barelvis that Muhammad is alive in the grave has caused them to go against the ijma of the sahabas and they have given Allah's attribute to the Prophet.

- If the Prophet was alive in the grave and he had all his faculties, why will the angels say to the Prophet that he doesn't know what they innovated after Muhammad had left.

Abu Huraira narrated that the Prophet said, "On the Day of Resurrection a group of companions will come to me, but will be driven away from the Lake-Fount, and I will say, 'O Lord (those are) my companions!' It will be said, 'You have no knowledge as to what they innovated after you left; they turned apostate as renegades (reverted from Islam)."

[Sahih Bukhari Vol: 8 Book 81, Chapter 53 hadith: 6585] & (Bukhari Vol: 8, Book 76 Hadith 584}

- The barelvis don't make a difference between the life of the grave (the barzakh) and the life of the dunya.

- They claim they are the same.

- The above hadith checkmates them.

- You can't lose a debate in regards to aqeedah.

- You should always remember the hujjah.

- We will only die by the will of Allah.

And no person can ever die except by Allah's Leave and at an appointed term. And whoever desires a reward in (this) world, We shall give him of it; and whoever desires a reward in the Hereafter, We shall give him thereof. And We shall reward the grateful.

(Aali Imran 3:145)

- The barelvis use the tashahhud as evidence to worship the Prophet.

- Because they say, ‘assalamu alaika ayyuhan nabi’ (peace be upon you o Prophet).

- That tashahhud is obsolete.

Narrated Ibn Mas'ud Allah's Apostle taught me the Tashah-hud as he taught me a Sura from the Quran, while my hand was between his hands. (Tashah-hud was) all the best compliments and the prayers and the good things are for Allah. Peace and Allah's Mercy and Blessings be on you, O Prophet! Peace be on us and on the pious slaves of Allah, I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and I also testify that Muhammad is Allah's slave and His Apostle. (We used to recite this in the prayer) during the lifetime of the Prophet, but when he had died, we used to say, "Peace be on the Prophet."

[Bukhari -Volume 8, Book 74, Number 281]

- The new tashahhud says ‘as-salam alan nabi’ (peace be on the Prophet).

- The barelvis think the life of the barzakh and the life of the dunya is the same so they fall in to grave worshipping.


- There is no doubt that the dead can hear.

- The dead can hear the footsteps of people leaving his grave after he has been buried.

Anas b. Malik reported Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) having said: When the servant is placed in his grave and his companions retrace their steps arid he hears the noise of the footsteps, then two angels come to him and make him sit and say to him: What you have to say about this person (the Holy Prophet) ? If he is d believer, lie would say: I bear testimony to the fact that he is a servant of Allali and His Messenger. Then it would be said to him: Look to your seat in the Hell- Fire, for Allah has substituted (the seat of yours) with a seat in Paradise. Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: He would be shown both the seats. Qatada said: It was mentioned to us that his grave (the grave of a believer) expands to seventy cubits and is full with verdure until the Day when they would be resurrected.

(Sahih Muslim, no. 2870) & Muslim Book 40 Chapter 17, Hadith 6862}

- If the dead cannot hear, how can the angles ask the dead the three questions?

Bara (RA) reported from the Prophet (SAW) about this verse: "Allah keeps the believers firm with the stable word in the worldly life and in the Hereafter." (14:27) He explained that this has reference to the grave when it is asked, “Who is your Lord? What is your religion and who was your Prophet?”

[Bukhari 1369, Muslim 2871, Abu Dawud 4750, Tirmidhi 3131, Nisai 2056, Ibn e Majah 4269]

- When you pray to the dead, you are worshipping them.

- Even though the dead can hear, Allah blocks them from hearing your kufr, shirk and zandaqa.

- This means when you pray to them, they don't hear it.

If you invoke (or call upon) them, they hear not your call, and if (in case) they were to hear, they could not grant it (your request) to you. And on the Day of Resurrection, they will disown your worshipping them. And none can inform you (O Muhammad SAW) like Him Who is the All Knower (of each and everything).

(Fatir 35:14)

- The above-mentioned ayah is clear evidence that Allah blocks the dead from hearing your kufr, shirk and zandaqa when you pray to them.

- Allah says in the above-mentioned ayah when you pray to the graves you are worshipping the graves.

- Therefore we can safely conclude that grave worshippers are kaafirs outside the fold of Islam.

"Wheresoever you may be, death will overtake you even if you are in fortresses built up strong and high!" And if some good reaches them, they say, "This is from Allah," but if some evil befalls them, they say, "This is from you (O Muhammad SAW)."  Say: "All things are from Allah," so what is wrong with these people that they fail to understand any word?

(An-Nisa 4:78)

- You can't escape the tentacles of the angel of death.

- The angel of death will take your soul.

He is the Irresistible, Supreme over His slaves, and He sends guardians (angels guarding and writing all of one's good and bad deeds) over you, until when death approaches one of you, Our Messengers (angel of death and his assistants) take his soul, and they never neglect their duty.

(Al-An'am 6:61)

Say: "The angel of death, who is set over you, will take your souls, then you shall be brought to your Lord."

(As-Sajdah 32:11)

- The angle of death will take the soul of some people peacefully like water coming out of a jug.

- Some people's souls will be taken out viciously.

By those (angels) who pull out (the souls of the disbelievers and the wicked) with great violence; By those (angels) who gently take out (the souls of the believers);

(An-Nazi'at 79:1-2)

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet said: "When the believer is dying, the angels of mercy come to him with white silk and say: 'Come out content and with the pleasure of Allah upon you to the mercy of Allah, fragrance and a Lord Who is not angry; So it comes out like the best fragrance of musk.

They pass him from one to another until they bring him to the gate of heaven, where they say: How good is this fragrance that has come to you from the Earth! Then the souls of the believers come to him and they rejoice more over him than any one of you rejoices when his absent loved one comes to him. They ask him: 'What happened to so-and-so, what happened to so-and-so?' They say: 'Let him be, for he was in the hardship of the world. When he says, 'Did he not come here?' They say: 'He was taken to the pit (of Hell).'
Come out discontent, subject of Divine wrath, to the punishment of Allah, the Mighty and Sublime; So it comes out like the foulest stench of a corpse. They bring him to the gates of the Earth, where they say: 'How foul is this stench!' Then they bring him to the souls of the disbelievers."

[Sunan An Nasai (1833) & (Book 21 Hadith 16) & Sunan An Nasai: Vol: 3 Book 21 Hadith: 1834]


And if you could see when the angels take away the souls of those who disbelieve (at death), they smite their faces and their backs, (saying): "Taste the punishment of the blazing Fire."

(Al-Anfal 8:50)

Verily! As for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are wronging themselves (as they stayed among the disbelievers even though emigration was obligatory for them), they (angels) say (to them): "In what (condition) were you?" They reply: "We were weak and oppressed on earth." They (angels) say: "Was not the earth of Allah spacious enough for you to emigrate therein?" Such men will find their abode in Hell - What an evil destination!

(An-Nisa 4:97)

And who can be more unjust than he who invents a lie against Allah, or says: "I have received inspiration," whereas he is not inspired in anything; and who says, "I will reveal the like of what Allah has revealed." And if you could but see when the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong­doers, etc.) are in the agonies of death, while the angels are stretching forth their hands (saying): "Deliver your souls! This day you shall be recompensed with the torment of degradation because of what you used to utter against Allah other than the truth. And you used to reject His Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) with disrespect!"

(Al-An'am 6:93)

- The angels will speak to people who live in darul harb and didn't make hijra.

- They stayed in countries like France.

- France is the worst country in the world.

- They force you to apostate.

- The angels will give glad tidings to the believers as they take their souls gently.

Verily, those who say: "Our Lord is Allah (Alone)," and then they Istaqamu, on them the angels will descend (at the time of their death) (saying) : "Fear not, nor grieve! But receive the glad tidings of Paradise which you have been promised!

(Fussilat 41:30)


- Death is painful if the person who dies was young, handsome, intelligent and rich.

- If a mad man should die, no one will cry because he was a burden on society.

- If a person who was old, poor and ugly dies, no one will cry.

- If a person who is rich and handsome should die, many people will cry.

- Death is more painful when the person was loved.

- 4 people attended the janazah of a poor man who died in Swaziland.

- A week later a rich man died and about 2000 people attended the janazah.

- When you are rich and generous and you die, people cry.

- When Zainab bint Jash died, Madinah was is mourning.

- She used to work and give a lot of her money to the poor.

- Zainab bint Jash was the wife with the longest hands. She was the kindest.

- When a murderer dies, people don't cry; they say happy riddance.

- When a wicked scholar dies, it is a mercy for the ummah because he was taking people to the hellfire.

- When a sincere scholard dies, it is a great loss for the ummah of Muhammad because he was guiding the people to sirat al mustaqim.

- If a child dies before puberty, that child is an investment to intercede for you on the Day of Judgement.

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "None of you should wish for death because of a calamity befalling him; but if he has to wish for death, he should say: "O Allah! Keep me alive as long as life is better for me, and let me die if death is better for me.'

[Sahih Al-Bukhari: Vol: 7 Book 75, Chapter 19 Hadith: 5671]

- The issue of suicide bombing needs to be addressed.

- There is no need for a person to become a suicide bomber because technology has advanced.

- You can use your mobile phone to set off a bomb.

- Suicide bombing was for the old days when there were no mobile phones.

- Yusuf Qardawi passed a fatwa allowing suicide bombings.

- Even Al-albani allowed it.

- He said it is a martyrdom operation.

LINK: [Fatwa from al-Albani allowing martyrdom operation]

- My answer to this is Allah alam.

- I'm not going to take a stance.

- Bin Baaz allowed suicide bombings too.

LINK: [Fatwa from Bin Bazz allowing martyrdom operation]

- Albani said people commit suicide when they give up on life.

- But people do suicide bombings to take out the enemy.

- The saudi salafis don't know these fatwas.

- They don't follow these scholars.

- They are like the Christians who say they follow Jesus.

- They don't follow Jesus; they're not even circumcised.

Anas bin Malik narrated that the Messenger of Allah (S.a.w) said: "Three follow the deceased, two of them return, and one remains. He is followed by his family, his wealth, and his deeds. So his family and his wealth returns, and his deeds remain."

[Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2379 Book 36, Hadith 76]

It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said: “The Messenger of Allah () said: ‘Frequently remember the destroyer of pleasures,’ meaning death.” [Sunan ibn Majah Vol. 1, Book 37, Hadith 4258]

- You should constantly remember that which destroys all pleasures, i.e. death.

Narrated Anas bin Malik: A funeral procession passed and the people praised the deceased. The Prophet said, "It has been affirmed to him." Then another funeral procession passed and the people spoke badly of the deceased. The Prophet said, "It has been affirmed to him". 'Umar bin Al-Khattab asked (Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) ), "What has been affirmed?" He replied, "You praised this, so Paradise has been affirmed to him; and you spoke badly of this, so Hell has been affirmed to him. You people are Allah's witnesses on earth."

{Sahih Bukhari Volume 2, Book 23, Number 448: & Book 23 Hadith 120}

- If the Muslim community speaks good of a person when he dies, his place in Paradise is confirmed.

- If the community speaks bad of him, his place in hellfire is confirmed.

Narrated Abu Sa'id al-Khudri: When the time of his death came, he called for new clothes and put on them. He then said: I heard the Messenger of Allah () say: A deceased will be raised in the clothes in which he died.

[Sunan Abu Dawud (3114) & Book 21 Hadith 26]

Narrated on the authority of Isma'il with the same chain of transmitters and in the hadith narrated by Sufyan and Waki' (the words are):"The sun eclipsed on the day when Ibrahim died, and the people said: It has eclipsed on the death of Ibrahim."

[Sahih Muslim: 911 & Book 10 Hadith: 25 & Musim Book 4 Chapter 173 Hadith 1989]

- The sun and moon are creations of Allah and they do not eclipse for the birth or death of anyone.

Narrated Abu Mas`ud: The Prophet () said, "the sun and the moon do not eclipse because of the death or life of someone, but they are two signs amongst the Signs of Allah. So, if you see them, offer the Prayer (of eclipse). [Sahih al-Bukhari 3204 Book 59, Hadith 15]

- All of you need to get married and have kids in order to have pious children to pray for you when you are inside the grave.

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah () said, "When a man dies, his deeds come to an end, except for three: A continuous charity, knowledge by which people derive benefit, pious son who prays for him."

(Muslim) Riyad Us Saliheen Book 7 Chapter 162 Hadith 949 [Adab al-Mufrad al-Bukhari No. 38, Muslim (3/1255) No. 1631, Abu Dawud (3/117) No. 2880, al-Nasa'i (6/251) No. 3651, Tirmidhi (3/660) No. 1376, al-Darime (1/14  No. 559, Ahmad (2/372) No. 8831]

- You need to get married to women who can have kids.

- If a woman cannot have kids you can have her as a second or third wife, but not as a first wife.

- It is makruh to have her as a first wife.

- If you go to the graveyard, you are going to see the grave of someone who died the same age as you.

It was narrated that ‘Aishah said: “I saw the Messenger of Allah () when he was dying, and there was a bowl of water next to him. He put his hand in the vessel and wiped his face with the water, and said: ‘O Allah, help me to bear the agonies of death.’”

[Sunan ibn Majah Vol. 1, Book 6, Hadith 1623]

Narrated Buraidah: The Messenger of Allah () as saying: I forbade you to visit graves, but you may now visit them, for in visiting them there is a reminder (of death).

[Sunan Abi Dawud 3235 Book 21, Hadith 147]

- When Abu Sufyan died, Umm Habiba rubbed perfume on her body.

- Abu Sufyan was Umm Habiba's father.

- A woman is not allowed to mourn for more than 3 days for someone except for her husband.

Narrated Um 'Atiyya: We were forbidden to mourn for more than three days except for a husband. [Sahih al-Bukhari 5340 Book 68, Hadith 85]

- A woman can mourn for her husband for 4 months and 10 days.

It was narrated from Safiyyah bint Abi 'Ubaid from one of the wives of the Prophet, and from Umm Salamah, that the Prophet said: "It is not permissible for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to mourn for anyone who dies for more than three days except for a husband; she should mourn for him for four months and ten (days)."

[Sunan an-Nasa'i 3504 Book 27, Hadith 116]

- Many Muslim sisters can't accept the hadith.

- Their aql doesn't accept it.

- They say their son is their own flesh and blood.

- Their husbands used to beat them so their akl doesn't accept the hadith.



Muadh Ibn Jabal (RA) narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "He whose last words (in life) were 'La ilaha-ill Allah' (None has the right to be worshipped but Allah) shall enter Paradise

[Sunan Abu Dawud (2/207) No. 3116, Musnad al-Bazzar (7/77) No. 2626, Tabarani in ‘al-Mu’jam al-Kabir’ (20/112) No. 221, Mustadrak al-Hakim (1/503) No. 1299]


- The mujahid who dies on the battlefield has six special favours with his Lord.

Miqdam ibn Ma’dikarib (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “There are with Allah six blessings for the martyr. [1] He is forgiven with the first drop of blood. [2] He is shown his abode in paradise. [3] He is preserved from the torment of the grave and is safe from the great fear on the Day of Resurrection. [4] A crown of honour ingrained with pearl is placed on his head, which is better than the world and what it contains. [5] He is married to seventy-two maidens (huris) of paradise. [6] His intercession for his seventy relatives is accepted.”

[Sunan Tirmidhi (4/187-188) No. 1663, Musnad Ahmad (4/131) No. 17221, Sunan Ibn Majah (4/82) No. 2799]


Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported Allah's Messenger (SAW) as saying: There was a person before you who had killed ninety-nine persons and then made an inquiry about the learned persons of the world (who could show him the way to salvation). He was directed to a monk. He came to him and told him that he had killed ninety-nine persons and asked him whether there was any scope for his repentance to be accepted. He said: No. He killed him also and thus completed one hundred. He then asked about the learned persons of the earth and he was directed to a scholar, and he told him that he had killed one hundred persons and asked him whether there was any scope for his repentance to be accepted.

He said: No. He killed him also and thus completed one hundred. He then asked about the learned persons of the earth and he was directed to a scholar, and he told him that he had killed one hundred persons and asked him whether there was any scope for his repentance to be accepted. He said: Yes; what stands between you and the repentance? You better go to such and such land; there are people devoted to prayer and worship and you also worship along with them and do not come to the land of yours since it was an evil land (for you).

So he went away and he had hardly covered half the distance when death came to him and there was a dispute between the angels of mercy and the angels of punishment. The angels of mercy said: This man has come as a penitent and remorseful to Allah and the angels of punishment said: He has done no good at all. Then there came another angel in the form of a human being in order to decide between them. He said: You measure the land to which he has drawn near.
They measured it and found him nearer to the and where he intended to go (the land of piety), and so the angels of mercy took possession of it. Qatada said that Hasan told him that it was said to them that as death approached him, he crawled upon his chest (and managed) to slip in the land of mercy.

[Sahih Muslim, Book 37, Hadith #6662]







Jabir ibn 'Utaik reported that Allah's Messenger said: "There are seven kinds of martyrs besides those killed in the cause of Allah:1. a person who is killed in an epidemic,2. a person who is drowned,3. a person who has bed sores that cause fever and a bad cough resulting in his death, 4. a person who dies of a stomach disease, 5. a person who dies in a fire,6. a person who dies under falling debris (in a disaster), and 7. a woman who dies during childbirth."

[Ahmad, Abu Daw'ud and Nasa'i report this hadith based on sound authority]


It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (RA) said: A man came to the Messenger of Allah (SAW) and said: O Messenger of Allah, what do you think if a man comes wanting to take my property? He said: “Do not give him your property.” He said: What if he fights me? He said: “Fight him.” He said: What if he kills me? He said: “Then you will be a martyr.” He said: What if I kill him? He said: “He will be in Hell.” [Sahih Muslim (Vol. 1, pg. 124) No. 140]


Sa’eed ibn Zayd (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “He who is killed in defence of his property is a martyr. He who is killed in self-defence is a martyr.

[Abu Dawud 4772, Nisai 4102, Ibn e Majah 2580, Ahmed 1652, Tirmidhi 1426]


Sa’eed ibn Zayd (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, he who is killed in defence of his family is a martyr.” [Abu Dawud 4772, Nisai 4102, Ibn e Majah 2580, Ahmed 1652, Tirmidhi 1426]


Sa’eed ibn Zayd (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, He who is killed in defence of his religion is a martyr. [Abu Dawud 4772, Nisai 4102, Ibn e Majah 2580, Ahmed 1652, Tirmidhi 1426]


Abdullah ibn Amr (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “No Muslim dies on the day of Friday or the night of Friday but Allah protects him from the trial in the grave.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (3/386) No. 1074, Musnad Ahmad (2/169) No. 6582]


Ibn Umar (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, “If anyone can die in Madinah, let him die there for, I will intercede for one who dies there.” [Tirmidhi (5/719) No. 3917, Ibn Majah (4/292) No. 3112, Musnad Ahmad (2/74) No. 5437]


Abdullah ibn Buraydah (RA) reported on the authority of his father that the Prophet (SAW) said, “The Believer dies with sweat on his forehead.”

[Sunan Tirmidhi (3/310) No. 982, Musnad Ahmad (5/360) No. 23097, Sunan Nasa'i (4/6) No. 1829, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/442) No. 1452]


Narrated By Ibn Abbas: While a man was riding (his Mount) in 'Arafat, he fell down from it (his Mount) and broke his neck (and died). The Prophet said, "Wash him with water and Sidr and shroud him in two pieces of cloth, and neither perfume him, nor cover his head, for he will be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection saying, 'Labbaik,' (i.e. like a pilgrim)."

[Sahih Bukhari, Vol 2, Book 23, Hadith #355]

- These are the 17 signs to tell you a person died a good death.


- Women were forbidden from going to the graveyard but the Prophet was not emphatic about it.

Umm ‘Atiyah (RAA) narrated, ‘We were forbidden to accompany funeral processions, but this prohibition was not mandatory for us.’ Agreed upon.

[Bulugh al-Maram 571 Book 3, Hadith 40]

- You can pray over a dead person inside the masjid or outside the masjid.

- You are allowed to pray over a dead person after their body is in the grave.

- A woman used to sweep the masjid. When she died, she was buried and the Prophet was not informed about it.

- The Prophet prayed over her after she had been buried.

Narrated Abu Huraira: A black man or a black woman used to sweep the mosque and he or she died. The Prophet () asked about her (or him). He was told that she (or he) had died. He said, "Why did you not inform me? Show me his grave (or her grave)." So he went to her (his) grave and offered her (his) funeral prayer."

[Sahih al-Bukhari: Vol: 1 Book 8 Chapter 72 Hadith: 458 & Book 8, Hadith 106]

- The malikis don't allow you to pray over people in the masjid.

- The hanbalis allow it.

- The truth is with the hanbalis.

'Abbad b. 'Abdullah b. Zubair reported that 'A'isha ordered the bier of Sa'd b. Abu Waqqas to be brought into the mosque so that she should pray for him. The people disapproved this (act) of hers. She said: How soon the people have forgotten that the Messenger of Allah () offered not the funeral prayer of Suhail b al-Baida' but in a mosque.

[Sahih Muslim: Book 4 Chapter 202 Hadith 2123 & Muslim Book 11, Hadith 128]

- The hanbalis allow you to pray over dead people after they have been buried.

- The malikis don't allow it.

- The truth is with the hanbalis because the Prophet prayed over a woman after she had been buried.

- The malikis say that was only for the Prophet.

- The malikis are afraid people will become grave worshippers.

- Salatul janazah is fard kifayah.

- Salatul eid is fardul ayn.

- Even women have to go to eid.

- The Prophet used to command menstruating women to come out for Eid.


- If it is a man you stand by the head.

- If it is a woman you stand by the waist.

- You give the takbeer.

- You recite audhu billahi min ash-shaytaan ir-rajeem.

- Then you recite Surah Fatiha.

- You make a second takbeer keeping your hands on the chest.

- You don't raise your hands.

- Then you recite durood shareef.

Allahumma salli ala muhammadiw wa ala aali muhammadin kamaa sallaita ala ibrahima wa ala aali ibrahima innaka hamidum majid. allahumma baarik ala muhammadiw wa ala aali muhammadin kamaa baarakta ala ibrahima wa ala aali ibrahima innaka hamidum majid.

"O Allah, let Your Blessings come upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have blessed Ibrahim and his family. Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious. Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have blessed Ibrahim and his family. Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious".

- Salatul Janazah is recited with a quiet voice.

- To recite it with a loud voice is bid'ah.

- After the third takbeer, you make the dua for the dead.

- You then make the fourth takbeer.

- You give one salam to the right and no salam to the left.

- Salatul janazah has variations.

- Some imams will raise their hands for all four takbeers and that is permissible.

- Some imams will give two salams (one to the right and one to the left) and that is also permissible.

- The hanafis exclude Surah Fatiha from their salatul janazah.

- We the hanbalis differ. We say there is no salah without surah Fatiha.


Praise be to Allaah.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) explained how the funeral prayer is to be done. It is done as follow

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) explained how the funeral prayer is to be done. It is done as follows:

You say the first Takbeer (“Allaahu akbar”), then you seek refuge with Allaah from the accursed Shaytaan, then you say Bismillah ir-Rahmaan ir-Raheem and recite al-Faatihah followed by a short soorah or some aayahs.

Then you say Takbeer and send blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) as one does at the end of the prayer. Then you say a third Takbeer and make du’aa’ for the deceased. The best is to say:

“Allaahumma ighfir lihaayina wa mayitina wa shaahidina wa ghaa’ibina wa sagheerina wa kabeerina wa dhakarina wa unthaana. Allaahumma man ahyaytahu minna fa ahyihi ‘ala’l-Islam wa man tawaffaytahu minna fa tawiffahu ‘ala’l-eemaan. Allaahumma ighfir lahu warhamhu wa ‘aafihi wa a’fu ‘anhu, wa akrim nuzulahu wa wassi’ madkhalahu waghsilhu bi’l-maa’

wa’l-thalj wa’l-barad, wa naqqihi min al-khataaya kama yunaqqa’ al-thawb al-abyad min al-danas. Allaahumma abdilhu daaran khayra min daarihi wa ahlan khayra min ahlihi. Allaahumma adkhilhu al-jannah wa a’idhhu min ‘adhaab il-qabri wa min ‘adhaab il-naar wa afsah lahu fi qabrihi wa nawwir lahu fihi. Allaahumma laa tahrimna ajrahu wa la tadillanaa ba’dahu

O Allaah, forgive our living and our dead, those who are present among us and those who are absent, our young and our old, our males and our females. O Allaah, whoever You keep alive, keep him alive in Islam, and whoever You cause to die, cause him to die with faith. O Allaah, forgive him and have mercy on him, keep him safe and sound and forgive him, honour the place where he settles and make his entrance wide; wash him with water and snow and hail, and cleanse him of sin as a white garment is cleansed of dirt.

O Allaah, give him a house better than his house and a family better than his family. O Allaah, admit him to Paradise and protect him from the torment of the grave and the torment of Hell-fire; make his grave spacious and fill it with light. O Allaah, do not deprive us of the reward and do not cause us to go astray after this).”
All of this was narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). If you make du’aa’ with other words, this is OK, for example, you could say, “Allaahumma in kaana muhsinan fa zid fi ihsaanihi wa in kaana musee’an fa tajaawaz ‘an sayi’aatihi. Allaahumma ighfir lahu wa

thabbit-hu bi’l-qawl il-thaabit (O Allaah, if he was a doer of good, then increase his good deeds, and if he was a wrongdoer, then overlook his bad deeds. O Allaah, forgive him and give him the strength to say the right thing).” Then you say a fourth Takbeer and pause for a little while, then you say one Tasleem to the right, saying “Assalaamu ‘alaykum wa rahmat-Allaah.”

Kitaab Majmoo’ Fataawa wa Maqaalaat Mutanawwi’ah li Samaahat al-Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him), vol 13, p. 141