Saturday, April 5, 2014

01 LIFE OF ABU BAKR (RA) {THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAS} {APRIL 05 2014}



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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

THE LIFE OF KHALIFAH OF THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH 
ABU BAKR AS-SADDIQ (RA)

APRIL 05 2014 / 05 JUMADA AL AKHIRAH 1435 HIJRI

BY SHAIKH ABDULLAH AL FAISAL

NOTED TAKEN BY @AT15

HUJJAH BY @AT3 / @acceptruth

Quran Hujjah @AT19

EDITED BY TI-Nspire & Abu Hafiza

He was the closest companion of the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam).

His real name Abdullah ibn Abi Quhaafa.

He was born in 573 CE.

He was the most senior companion.

Abu Bakr (RA) is not his real name, but his nickname.

Bakr means early.

Therefore, he was given this title because he was the first male adult to accept Islam.

The father of the one who came to Islam early

The father of the early entrance to Islam – Abu Bakar (RA)

The first male adult who was free, not a slave.

He was the easiest to accept Islam as it was told by the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam).

The Prophet (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wassallam) informed his Companions (radhiyAllahu ‘anhum) that, whenever he invited a person to Islam, that person would hesitate before making up his mind to embrace Islam – except for Abu Bakr (radhiyAllahu ‘anhu), who neither hesitated nor wavered. 

[Ref: “The Noble life of The Prophet, Vol. 1” by Ali Muhammad al-Sallaabee, 2005, p. 158]

He belonged to the Hanafia movement before he accepted Islam.

Hanafia movement meaning those who didn't worship idols even before accepting Islam.

They did not fall victim to idol worshipping.

They followed their natural instinct not to worship idols.

Fitrah means natural instinct.

Abdur Rahman ibn Awf (RA) and Uthman ibn Affan (RA) also belonged to this hanafia movement.

They did not worship idols, they hang on to the Hanafia movement.

Allah (SWT) spoke about this in surah 30:30.

So set you (O Muhammad SAW) your face towards the religion of pure Islamic Monotheism Hanifa (worship none but Allah Alone) Allah's Fitrah (i.e. Allah's Islamic Monotheism), with which He has created mankind. No change let there be in Khalq­illah (i.e. the Religion of Allah Islamic Monotheism), that is the straight religion, but most of men know not. [Tafsir At­Tabari, Vol 21, Page 41]

(Ar-Rum 30:30)

Abu Bakr As-siddiq (RA) belonged to this Hanafia movement and even before Islam, he didn’t worship idols.

Abu Bakr (RA) had three daughters and three sons.

1st son: Abdullah

2nd son: Abdur Rahman

3rd son: Muhammed

1st daughter: Asma

2nd daughter: Ayesha

3rd daughter: Umm Qulthum

Over the years, Abu Bakr (RA) married 4 times.

1st wife: Qutayla bint Abdul Uzza (RAA)

This tells you her father was a pagan.

And she was a pagan.

Because she was a pagan, Abu Bakr (RA) divorced her.

Qutayla was the mother of Asma (RAA).

2nd wife: Umm Rumaan (RAA)

She was known for her piety.

She was a pious believer and the mother of Ayesha (RAA).

She was the one who comforted Ayesha (RAA) when she was slandered in Medina.

3rd wife: Asma (RAA)

4th wife: Habiba bint Khareejah (RAA)

Qutayla, his first wife, gave birth to 2 children: Asma (RAA) and Abdullah (RA).

However, Abu Bakr (RAA) divorced her because she didn't take her shahada.

Seven years after the Hijra, she came to Medina to visit Asma, her daughter.

Asma (RAA) didn't allow her in the house because she was a pagan.

Qutayla brought gifts for her daughter, Asma (RAA).

Allah (SWT) did not like how Asma treated her mother.

So Allah (SWT) revealed surah 60:8.

Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion and did not drive you out of your homes. Verily, Allah loves those who deal with equity.

(Al-Mumtahinah 60:8)

This ayah came down for Qutayla and Asma (RAA).

Later on, Qutayla did accept Islam.

Narrated Asma' bint Abu Bakr: My mother came to me, hoping (for my favor) during the lifetime of the Prophet asked the Prophet, "May I treat her kindly?" He replied, "Yes." Ibn 'Uyaina said, "Then Allah revealed: 'Allah forbids you not with regards to those who fought not against you because of religion, and drove you not out from your homes, that you should show them kindness and deal justly with them.'(60.8)

[Bukhari, Book #73, Hadith #9]

As a young man, Abu Bakr (RA) worked as a merchant and become wealthy.

He travelled extensively throughout the Arabian Peninsula.

He travelled to Yemen in winter and Syria during summer time.

Allah (SWT) spoke about these Journeys of the Quraish in winter and summer in surah Quraish

Because he travelled a lot, his knowledge of current events became vast.

After Abu Bakr As-siddiq (RA) accepted Islam, he was instrumental in bringing other influential people to Islam.   
He invited Uthman ibn Affan (RA) another rich merchant of Quraish, who was from a powerful clan.

The Umayyad clan.

Abu Bakar (RA) also invited Abdul Rahman bin Awf (RA) to Islam another rich merchant of Quraish.

The prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) married the daughter of Abu Bakr (RA).

This marriage made them become natural allies.

When Islam started to spread in Makkah, the pagans of Makkah became insecure about losing their position.

So they started to persecute the muslims.

So the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) gave permission to migrate to Ethopia. He said in the land, no man is oppressed.

Abu Bakr (RA) was trying to migrate as well, to Ethiopia.

Someone saw him in Makkah and asked him "where he was going?".

So Abu Bakr (RA) replied "to Ethiopia to avoid the hostility of Quraish”.

He said “how can a person important like you want that, because o persecution”

So Ibn Daghinna who was not a Muslim said Abu Bakr (RA) should return to Makkah and that He will announce publicly that Abu bakar (RA) was under his patronage. 

He publically declared that Abu Bakr (RA) was under his patronage.

Muslims use this hadith to say if I am living in the USA and I become an ally of the Republican, I did not do anything wrong because this man was a kafir and he became an ally of Abu bakar (RA) and he publically declared that he will protect Abu Bakr (RA) from the persecution of Quraish.

Abu Bakr (RA) agreed to return to Makkah because Ibn Daghinna was a powerful leader of his tribe in Makkah and he had influence and wealth.

The Rasul (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said if I should chose a friend from the people of dunya, I would have chosen Abu Bakr (RA) but the islamic brotherhood is better.

No one benefitted the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) with their companionship and their wealth like Abu Bakr As-siddiq (RA).

Even thou he was middle age and his occupation as a merchant, after embracing islam he still fought alongside the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) in many battles.

He had a cushioned life style because he was merchant, he was rich. Fighting was not his profession.

He was also the travelling companion of the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) when he was migrating from Makkah to Medina.

The camel the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) used for his migration was bought by Abu Bakr (RA).
 
Allah (SWT) spoke about the travelling companion of the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) in surah 9:40.

If you help him (Muhammad SAW) not (it does not matter), for Allah did indeed help him when the disbelievers drove him out, the second of two, when they (Muhammad SAW and Abu Bakr) were in the cave, and he (SAW) said to his companion (Abu Bakr) : "Be not sad (or afraid), surely Allah is with us." Then Allah sent down His Sakinah (calmness, tranquillity, peace, etc.) upon him, and strengthened him with forces (angels) which you saw not, and made the word of those who disbelieved the lowermost, while it was the Word of Allah that became the uppermost, and Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.

(At-Tawbah 9:40)

When the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) migrated to Medina, everyone expected him to go north but he went 5 mile south of Makkah. He outsmarted his enemies.

And they went inside a cave.

Allah (SWT) pronounced Abu Bakr (RA) a companion of the prophet in the holy quran in surah 9:40.

When the Shia make takfeer on Abu Bakr, they are trying to veto Allah (SWT), this is why the Shia are kafir.

They both went inside a cave called Thawr to rest.

They spend 3 days there.

Asma would bring them food and water.

When Abu Jahl found about that the prophet and Abu Bakr (RA) escaped, he went to Abu Bakr’s (RA) house and asked Asma (RAA) “where is your father?”

Asma said “I don’t know where my father is.”

Abu Jahl said “You are lying” and he slapped Asma (RAA) on the face and her ear ring fell on the ground.

So a woman can keep a secret If a woman is GOD fearing.

So you are allowed to lie to your enemy.

If you are living in Darul Harb like Europe and America, you are allowed to lie to the system because the system is the enemy.

Asma (RAA) lied to Abu Jahl and Makkah was darul harb back then.

Asma (RAA) was in charge of bringing food and water to them for three days while they were in the cave.

The reason why Allah (SWT) revealed surah 9:40 is because the kafirs were looking for them, they came close to the cave and surrounded it. Abu Bakr (RA) was afraid. The prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said how about two muslims in the cave and Allah (SWT) is a third.

Anas b. Malik reported that Abu Bakr Siddiq reported him thus: I saw the feet of the polytheists very close to us as we were in the cave. I said: Allah’s Messenger, if one amongst them were to see at his feet he would have surely seen us. Thereupon he said: Abu Bakr, what can befall twain who have Allah as the third One with them.[Anas b. Malik reported that Abu Bakr Siddiq reported him thus: I saw the feet of the polytheists very close to us as we were in the cave. I said: Allah’s Messenger, if one amongst them were to see at his feet he would have surely seen us. Thereupon he said: Abu Bakr, what can befall twain who have Allah as the third One with them.]

[Sahih Muslim Book 31 Hadith 5868]

Narrated Abu Bakr: I was with the Prophet () in the Cave. When I raised my head, I saw the feet of the people. I said, "O Allah's Messenger ()! If some of them should look down, they will see us." The Prophet () said, "O Abu Bakr, be quiet! (For we are) two and Allah is the Third of us."

[Sahih al-Bukhari: Vol: 5 Book 63 Chapter 45 Hadith: 3922 & Book 63, Hadith 148]

Abu Bakr As-siddiq (RA) participated in the battle of Badr in 2 AH.

The prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said all those who fought with him in Badr would be in paradise.

If you were a sahaba and fought at Badr, that alone would give you great honour and prestige among other sahabas. Because all the people who participated in the battle of Badr will be in paradise.

All the four rightly guided caliphs participated in the battle of Badr except Uthman. Uthman’s wife was sick and the prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) gave him permission to stay behind and look after his wife.

Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (RA) participated in the battle of Uhud.

The battle of Uhud was in 3 AH.

Abu Bakr As-siddiq (RA) also participated in the battle of the ditch in 5 AH.

Abu Bakr  As-siddiq (RA) was with the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) at the treaty of Hudaibiya in 6 AH.

Abu Bakr As-siddiq (RA) also fought in the battle of Khaybar in 6 AH.

Abu Bakr As-siddiq (RA) also participated in the conquest of Makkah in 8 AH.

Abu Bakr As-siddiq (RA) also fought in the battle of Hunayn in 8 AH.

He also participated in the Tabuk expedition in 8 AH. This is when the Prophet was getting ready to fight the Romans.

The women of Medinah gave jewellery to Bilal as saqadah because money was needed to buy weapons for the Tabuk expedition.

Uthman brought 1/3 of what he owned, Umar brought ½ of what he owned and Abu Bakr (RA) gave all of what he owned for the Tabuk expedition to the prophet. The prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) was surprised with what Abu Bakr (RA) had given in the hadith below;

Umar ibn Khattab (RA) narrated: Allah’s Messenger (SAW) commanded us to give sadaqah (charity). That coincided with my possession of some wealth at that time, so I thought, “Today I will outdo Abu Bakr, if I do.” So, I brought half of my wealth. Allah’s Messenger (SAW) asked me, “What have you retained for your family?” I said, “The like of it.” Abu Bakr came with all that he had. He asked him, “0 Abu Bakr, what have you retained for your family?” He said, “I have kept a side for them Allah and His Messenger.” I said, “Never will I overtake him in anything.”

[Tirmidhi 3695, & Abu Dawud 1678]

Abu Bakr participated in many other battles alongside the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam).

The historian was surprised how a middle age could have done that also being from a background of a merchant.

Abu Bakr (RA) was famous for being kind to the poor people.

He used his wealth to free slaves.

He freed Bilal and Ammar ibn Yasser.

One day Abu Jahl saw Abu Bakr As-siddiq  (RA) feeding poor people and he said “you are feeding poor people, don’t you think if it was Allah’s (SWT) will he would have fed them Himself”. Abu Bakr (RA) said “Allah blesses some people wealth and he tests some with poverty and those who were given wealth should be kind to those who are poor”. Abu Jahl said “you religion is strange and I will never embrace islam”

So Allah (SWT) revealed surah 36:47 for Abu Bakr As-siddiq (RA).

And when it is said to them: "Spend of that with which Allah has provided you," those who disbelieve say to those who believe: "Shall we feed those whom, if Allah willed, He (Himself) would have fed? You are only in a plain error."

(Ya-Sin 36:47)

Abu Bakr As-siddiq (RA) is the believer and Abu Jahl is the disbeliever in the above Ayah.

Abu Bakr As-siddiq (RA) had a cousin called Mistah ibn Uthaatha

Mistah ibn Uthaatha also fought at the battle of Badr.

Mistah was caught up in the slanders of Ayesha. Abu Bakr (RA) was disappointed.

Narrated Az-Zuhri: I heard `Urwa bin Az-Zubair, Sa`id bin Al-Musaiyab, 'Alqama bin Waqqas and 'Ubaidullah bin `Abdullah bin `Uqba relating from `Aisha, the wife of the Prophet () the narration of the people (i.e. the liars) who spread the slander against her and they said what they said, and how Allah revealed her innocence. Each of them related to me a portion of that narration. (They said that `Aisha said), ''Then Allah revealed the ten Verses starting with:--'Verily! Those who spread the slander' (24.11-21)  All these verses were in proof of my innocence. Abu Bakr As-Siddiq who used to provide for Mistah some financial aid because of his relation to him, said, "By Allah, I will never give anything (in charity) to Mistah, after what he has said about `Aisha" Then Allah revealed:-- 'And let not those among you who are good and are wealthy swear not to give (any sort of help) to their kins men....' (24.22) On that, Abu Bakr said, "Yes, by Allah, I like that Allah should forgive me." and then resumed giving Mistah the aid he used to give him and said, "By Allah! I will never withhold it from him."

{Sahih Bukhari: Vol. 8, Book 78, Hadith 670} & Bukhari: Vol: 8 Book 83 Chapter 18 {6679}

Abu Bakr (RA) vowed he won't give Mistah any more financial support.

Mistah did not open his mouth and slander Aisha. He smiled.

So Allah (SWT) revealed surah 24:22.

And let not those among you who are blessed with graces and wealth swear not to give (any sort of help) to their kinsmen, Al-Masakin (the poor), and those who left their homes for Allah's Cause. Let them pardon and forgive. Do you not love that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

(An-Nur 24:22)

This ayah came down for Abu Bakr (RA) again.

Abu Bakr (RA) said “I want Allah to forgive me” so he forgave Mistah and continued with his support of him.

In life if someone wronged you, it is good to forgive so Allah (SWT) can forgive you too.

You are only allowed to forgive real Muslims because you don’t want to put their hereafter in jeopardy.

As for the hypocrites, it is not sunnah to forgive hypocrites.

Abu Bakr (RA) never wavered in regards to his faith.

His was stern in his emaan. His emaan was unshakable.

So when the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) went to Isra wal Miraaj. He told the Makkans I was taken to Jerusalem last night. Jerusalem was one month to and one month from.

So the kufar went to the gates of Makkah and told Abu Bakr “Did you hear what your friend said?” He asked “what did he say?” They said “He said, he was in Jerusalem last night”. They said “You are a trader, you know it takes one month to and one month from,” “Do you believe that?”  Abu Bakr “Did Muhammad say that?”, They said “Yes.” Abu Bakr said, “Did Muhammad really say that?”, They said “yes, that it what he is claiming.”  Abu Bakr said “if Muhammad said that then I believe.” “What is so strange about him going to Jerusalem in one night?” “Revelation come to him on a daily basis”.

However Abu Bakr (RA) didn't waver in regards to his faith and accepted without doubt that the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) went to Isra was Miraaj.

Because of this he was given the title as-Saddiq.

The one who doesn't waver in regards to his deen.

Allah (SWT) mentioned the prophet’s journey of al isra wal Miraaj in surah 17:1.

Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allah) [above all that (evil) they associate with Him] [Tafsir Qurtubi, Vol. 10, Page 204] Who took His slave (Muhammad SAW) for a journey by night from Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) to the farthest mosque (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad SAW) of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.

(Al-Isra 17:1)

Whenever you ask Muslims around the world about the best of companion of the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), they would all reply none other than Abu Bakr (RA).

Abu Bakr As-siddiq (RA) is the favourite companion of the Rasul (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam).

People love Abu Bakr (RA) from the bottom of their heart.

Narrated Ibn 'Umar: that the Messenger of Allah () departed one day and entered the Masjid, along with Abu Bakr and 'Umar. One was on his right and the other was on his left, and he was holding their hands, and he said: "This is how we will be resurrected on the Day of Judgement.'"

[Jami at-Tirmidhi Vol. 1, Book 46, Hadith 3669]

Abu Bakr As-siddiq  (RA) said to his son Abdul Rahman, “if I had seen you on the battle field, I would have killed you.”

His son later embraced islam and helped the muslims.

Abu Bakr (RA) was famous for his al walaa wal baraa.

Al walaa wal baraa means to love and hate for the sake of Allah (SWT).

So during the battle of Badr, his son Abdur Rahman (RA) was fighting along side Quraish.

So Abu Bakr (RA) said that if he saw his son during Badr he would have killed him.

Abdur Rahman eventually accepted Islam and also helped conquered Syria.

Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) was alive, he groomed Abu Bakr (RA) to take over the leadership of islam and to be rightful successor.

On 9 AH, prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) sent Abu Bakr (RA) to lead the first hajj after the conquest of Makkah.

He was the first ameer of Hajj after the conquest.

A year later 10 AH, the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) performed his hajj.

The prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) fell ill after performing hajj.

During his illness, he ordered Abu Bakr (RA) to lead the people in salah.

It was narrated from Aisha may Allah be pleased with her, that the Messenger of Allah () told Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer. She said: "The Prophet was in front of Abu Bakr and he prayed sitting down, and Abu Bakr was leading the people in prayer, and the people were behind Abu Bakr."

[Sunan an-Nasai' 797 Book 10, Hadith 21]

The scholar say the reason why the prophet insisted the Abu Bakr (RA) alone lead the salah is because he was grooming Abu Bakr (RA) to take over as the caliph.

When the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) died, many couldn't handle the situation especially Umar (RA).

Abu Bakr (RA) was very calm and he went into the house of the prophet and kissed him on the forehead.

Abu Bakr (RA) then came out of the house and recited surah imran 3:144 to the people.

Muhammad (SAW) is no more than a Messenger, and indeed (many) Messengers have passed away before him. If he dies or is killed, will you then turn back on your heels (as disbelievers)? And he who turns back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah, and Allah will give reward to those who are grateful.

(Aali Imran 3:144)

Narrated `Aisha: Abu Bakr came riding his horse from his dwelling place in As-Sunh. He got down from it, entered the Mosque and did not speak with anybody till he came to me and went direct to the Prophet, who was covered with a marked blanket. Abu Bakr uncovered his face. He knelt down and kissed him and then started weeping and said, "My father and my mother be sacrificed for you, O Allah's Prophet! Allah will not combine two deaths on you. You have died the death which was written for you." Narrated Abu Salama from Ibn `Abbas : Abu Bakr came out and `Umar , was addressing the people, and Abu Bakr told him to sit down but `Umar refused. Abu Bakr again told him to sit down but `Umar again refused. Then Abu Bakr recited the Tashah-hud (i.e. none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah's Messenger ()) and the people attended to Abu Bakr and left `Umar. Abu Bakr said, "Amma ba'du, whoever amongst you worshipped Muhammad, then Muhammad is dead, but whoever worshipped Allah, Allah is alive and will never die. Allah said: 'Muhammad is no more than an Apostle and indeed (many) Apostles have passed away before him ..(up to the) grateful.' " (3.144) (The narrator added, "By Allah, it was as if the people never knew that Allah had revealed this verse before till Abu Bakr recited it and then whoever heard it, started reciting it.")

[Sahih al-Bukhari: Vol: 2 Book 23 Chapter 3 Hadith: 1241, 1242 & Book 23, Hadith 5]

Abu Bakr As-siddiq (RA) read surah 3:144 to calm people down. He brought normality to the Ummah at the time when the muslims faced their biggest disaster (the death of the prophet).

The wise leadership of Abu Bakr (RA) brought calmness during this major trial.

His handling of the situation shows he was mature, pious and wise.

The Muslims gave bay’a to Abu Bakr after the death of the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam).

Narrated from `A’isha by: Call Abu Bakr and his son so that I will put something down in writing, for I fear lest someone ambitious forward a claim, and Allah and the believers refuse anyone other than Abu Bakr." 

[Muslim and Ahmad in his Musnad]

When Abu Bakr (RA) became the khalif, he gave an inaugural speech.

After his election as the Caliph, Abu Bakr addressed the Muslims with these words: "O People! I have been chosen by you as your leader, although I am no better than any of you. If I do any wrong, set me right. Listen, truth is honesty and untruth is dishonesty. The weak among you are the powerful in my eyes, as long as I do not give them their dues. The powerful among you are weak in my eyes, as long as I do not take away from them what is due to others.

[Seerah ibn Hisham 4/240]

SOME HADITH ABOUT ABU BAKR

Narrated by Hudhaifa (RA), he said: Prophet (saw) said, “follow those after me: Abu Bakr and Umar.” Imam Tirmidhi said, narrated to us Hasan b. Sabbaah, reported to us Sufiyan bin Uyaina, from Zaa’ida, from Abdul Malik bin ‘Umair, from Raba’ee b. Haraash, from Hudhaifa (RA) …hadith Dr. Bashshaar Awwad said in his Tahqeeq of in the tahqeeq of above hadith: Humaidy (449), Musnad Ahmed (5/382), Sharh Mushkil al-Aathaar (1226, 1227, 1228, 1229), Baghwi(3895).

Narrated Ibn `Umar: We used to compare the people as to who was better during the lifetime of Allah's Messenger () . We used to regard Abu Bakr as the best, then `Umar, and then `Uthman.

[Sahih al-Bukhari 3655 Book 62, Hadith 7]

A woman came to ask the prophet for something and the prophet said come back tomorrow

Narrated Jubair bin Mut`im: A woman came to the Prophet () who ordered her to return to him again. She said, "What if I came and did not find you?" as if she wanted to say, "If I found you dead?" The Prophet () said, "If you should not find me, go to Abu Bakr."

[Sahih al-Bukhari: Vol: 5 Book 62 Chapter 5 Hadith: 3659 & Bukhari: Book 62, Hadith 11] {Bukhari: Vol: 5 Book 57 Hadith: 11}

The woman meant death by saying “what if I did not find you?”

This is proof that Abu Bakr (RA) was the rightful successor.

The shia cannot dispute this hadith.

'Abdullah reported Allah's Messenger () as saying: If I were to choose as my bosom friend I would have chosen the son of Abu Quhafa (Abu Bakr) as my bosom friend.

[Sahih Muslim (2383) & Muslim: Book 44, Hadith 6]

Narrated Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri: that the Messenger of Allah () said: "There is no Prophet except that he has two ministers among the inhabitants of the heavens, and two ministers among the inhabitants of the earth. As for my two ministers from the inhabitants of the heavens, then they are Jibril and Mika'il, and as for my two ministers from the inhabitants of the earth, then they are Abu Bakr and 'Umar."

[Jami at-Tirmidhi Vol. 1, Book 46, Hadith 3680]

Narrated Abu Hurayrah: The Prophet (s.a.w) said: Gabriel came and taking me by the hand showed the gate of Paradise by which my people will enter. Abu Bakr then said: Messenger of Allah! I wish I had been with you so that I might have looked at it. The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) then said: You, Abu-Bakr, will be the first of my people to enter Paradise.

[Sunan Abi Dawud 4652, There are other ahadeeth which show that Abu bakr (r.a) will be the first one among the Ummah/Sahaabas to enter the Jannah]

Anas ibn Maalik, narrated that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) climbed the (mountain) Uhud, Abu Bakr (RA), Umar and Uthman (RA) were with him. The mountain shook while they were on top of it. So, the Prophet (SAW) said, “Steady, Uhud, For, on you are a Prophet, a Siddiq (truthful), and two shahids.” (shahids is martyrs).

[Bukhari: Vol: 5 Book 62 Chapter: 6 Hadith (3686), Tirmidhi 3717, Ahmed 12107, Abu Dawud 4651]

ABU BAKR PUNCHED A JEW IN THE FACE BECAUSE HE SAID ALLAH IS POOR

Abū Bakr became angry and punched the face of Finḥāṣ with a mighty blow. He then said to him: "By Him in whose Hand is my soul, if it were not for the treaty between us, O enemy of Allah, I would have killed you." Finḥāṣ went to the Messenger of Allah and said: "O Muḥammad! Look at what your companion has done to me." The Messenger of Allah asked Abū Bakr: "What has driven you to do what you did?"He said: "O Messenger of Allah , this enemy of Allah has said something very serious. He claimed that Allah is poor and they are rich. When he said that I became angry for the sake of Allah and hit his face."Finḥāṣ denied it and said "I did not say that." And so Allah revealed the verse responding to the lie of Finḥāṣ and confirming the words of Abū Bakr: When he said that I became angry for the sake of Allah and hit his face."Finḥāṣ denied it and said "I did not say that." And so Allah revealed the verse responding to the lie of Finḥāṣ and confirming the words of Abū Bakr: Indeed, Allah has heard the statement of those (Jews) who said: "Verily, Allah is poor and we are rich!" We shall record what they have said as well as their unjust killing of the Prophets, and We shall say: "Taste the punishment of the Burning Fire." [3:181]

[Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi , trans. Mokrane Guezzou]

Indeed, Allah has heard the statement of those (Jews) who say: "Truly, Allah is poor and we are rich!" We shall record what they have said and their killing of the Prophets unjustly, and We shall say: "Taste you the torment of the burning (Fire)."

(Aali Imran 3:181)

This above ayah came to confirm to the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) that Abu Bakr (RA) was speaking the truth and the Jew was a liar.

When the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) died the first fitna was that people were refusing to pay zakat.

This was the first fitna Abu Bakr (RA) faced.

During a shura council, Umar (RA) refused to fight those who didn't want to pay their zakat.

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that when the Messenger of Allah () breathed his last and Abu Bakr was appointed as his successor (Caliph), those amongst the Arabs who wanted to become apostates became apostates. 'Umar b. Khattab said to Abu Bakr: Why would you fight against the people, when the Messenger of Allah declared: I have been directed to fight against people so long as they do not say: There is no god but Allah, and he who professed it was granted full protection of his property and life on my behalf except for a right? His (other) affairs rest with Allah. Upon this Abu Bakr said: By Allah, I would definitely fight against him who severed prayer from Zakat, for it is the obligation upon the rich. By Allah, I would fight against them even to secure the cord (used for hobbling the feet of a camel) which they used to give to the Messenger of Allah (as zakat) but now they have withheld it. Umar b. Khattab remarked: By Allah, I found nothing but the fact that Allah had opened the heart of Abu Bakr for (perceiving the justification of) fighting (against those who refused to pay Zakat) and I fully recognized that the (stand of Abu Bakr) was right.

[Sahih Muslim 20 Book 1, Hadith 32]

When Umar (RA) saw how Abu Bakr (RA) was firm, he agreed to fight them. So the ones who refused to pay zakah were fought and killed.

The second fitna Abu Bakr (RA) has to handle was the fitna of false prophets.

Musaylimah was the biggest fitna amongst many false prophets.

About 12000 sahabas died during the battle of Yamamah against Musaylimah.

Abu Bakr (RA) sent two army but both of them were defeated by Musaylimah.

Abu Bakr (RA) finally sent Khalid ibn Waleed who was victorious in the battle of Yamamah.

Washi the black slave killed Musaylimah.

70 hafiz died in this battle, because the hafiz used to go to the front line.

Umar panicked and urged Abu Bakr (RA) to put the Quran in book form.

It is because of the battle of Yamamah that the sahabas agreed to put the quran in book.

After bringing stability to the ummah Abu Bakr (RA)fell ill in 12 AH.

He told Ali (RA) to wash his body because it was Ali who washed the body of the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) when he died.

Then he called Uthman and dictated his will.

In the will he said he wants Umar (RA) to succeed him.

And Umar should lead his janaza.

Soon after he died, Ali washed him, Umar prayed over him and he was buried beside the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) in Medinah.

Abu Bakr (radhiyAllahu ‘anhu) was washed by Asmaa bint ‘Umais (radhiyAllahu ‘anha) and was buried alongside the Messenger of Allah (sall Allahu ‘alayhi wassallam)



[Ref: Taareekh Al-Islam, by Adh-Dhahabee; and ‘Ahd Al-Khulafaa Ar-Raashidoon (pg. 120)]



His caliphate lasted 2 years 2 months and 15 days.

Today Abu Bakr (RA) is known to be the first adult male to embrace Islam.

The Prophet (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wassallam) informed his Companions (radhiyAllahu ‘anhum) that, whenever he invited a person to Islam, that person would hesitate before making up his mind to embrace Islam – except for Abu Bakr (radhiyAllahu ‘anhu), who neither hesitated nor wavered.  



[Ref: “The Noble life of The Prophet, Vol. 1” by Ali Muhammad al-Sallaabee, 2005, p. 158] 

He is also known to be the closest companion and the most senior companion of the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam).

He is also known as to be the travelling companion of the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) during the hijra.

Allâh the Exalted distinguished Abû Bakr Al-Siddîq – Allâh be pleased with him – with four qualities He did not distinguish anyone else with: He called him Al-Siddeeq (the true be­liever), and He never named anyone else Al-Siddîq [Abû Bakr] was the companion of Allâh’s Messenger –praise and peace of Allâh be upon him – in the cave, and his companion during the Migration (Al-Hijrah); and Allâh’s Messenger – praise and peace of Allâh be upon him – told him to lead the prayer in the presence of the rest of the Muslims


[Ref: Abu Bakr Al-Daynûrî, Al-Mujâlasah wa Jawâhir Al-’Ilm article 2815.] 


He is known as the companion who Allah (SWT) pronounced as a shahaba in 9:40.

If you help him (Muhammad SAW) not (it does not matter), for Allah did indeed help him when the disbelievers drove him out, the second of two, when they (Muhammad SAW and Abu Bakr) were in the cave, and he (SAW) said to his companion (Abu Bakr) : "Be not sad (or afraid), surely Allah is with us." Then Allah sent down His Sakinah (calmness, tranquillity, peace, etc.) upon him, and strengthened him with forces (angels) which you saw not, and made the word of those who disbelieved the lowermost, while it was the Word of Allah that became the uppermost, and Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.

(At-Tawbah 9:40)

He is known as the sahaba who bought the camel that the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) made hijra with.

He is known as the sahaba who bought the land which the prophet's masjid was built upon.

He is known as the first ameer of hajj in Islam.

He made hajj before the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam).

He is known as the first caliph in Islam.

He is known as the first Muslim to enter paradise after all the prophets.

Narrated Abu Hurayrah: The Prophet (s.a.w) said: Gabriel came and taking me by the hand showed the gate of Paradise by which my people will enter. Abu Bakr then said: Messenger of Allah! I wish I had been with you so that I might have looked at it. The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) then said: You, Abu-Bakr, will be the first of my people to enter Paradise.

[Sunan Abi Dawud 4652, There are other ahadeeth which show that Abu bakr (r.a) will be the first one among the Ummah/Sahaabas to enter the Jannah]

Abu Bakr (radhiyAllahu ‘anhu) died at the age of 63, which was the exact age at which the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wassallam) died. As per his instructions,

[Ref:  At-Tabaqaat, Ibn Sa’ad (3/203, 204), and the chain of this narration is authentic as affirmed by Shaykh `Ali Muhammad as-Sallabi]