Sunday, April 6, 2014


بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم







Umar Ibn al Khattab (RA) was born 579 CE

From the Quraish tribe

He was eight years younger than Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam)

He was the second most senior companion after Abu Bakr (RA)

Also the second most senior of the four rightly guided khalifs.

He was famous for his piety, bravery, wisdom and justice.

Because of keen sense of justice, they nicknamed him Umar Al Farooq.

Farooq means the one who distinguishes truth from falsehood.

Umar was born in Mecca 579 CE to a middle class family from the tribe of Quraish.

He could read and write even though literacy was rare among the Arabs at that time.

He was skilful in martial arts, horse riding and wrestling.

He loved poetry and literature.

He was a gifted orator.

He was an erudite speaker (fluent and elegant speaker).

He was a renowned arbitrator of conflicts due to his intelligence

His father was also an arbitrator. He inherited the position from his father.

He was a merchant, his trips took him to Rome and Persia.

He was not a successful trader like his friend Abu Bakr (RA).  

Umar (RA) use to drink alcohol before he embraced Islam.

He was antagonistic toward Islam and he accused the prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
) of dividing the Quraish.

One day he carried a sword to kill the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) because he claimed no one divided the Quraish that way Muhammad did.  On his way he met his friend Nuaim. They had a conversation reported below;  


His sharp temper and excessive enmity towards the Prophet [pbuh] led him one day to leave his house, sword in hand, with the intention of killing the Prophet [pbuh] . He was in a fit of anger and was fretting and fuming. Nu‘aim bin ‘Abdullah, a friend of ‘Umar’s, met him accidentally half way. What had caused so much excitement in him and on whom was the fury to burst, he inquired casually. ‘Umar said furiously: "To destroy the man Muhammad ([pbuh]) this apostate, who has shattered the unity of Quraish, picked holes in their religion, found folly with their wise men and blasphemed their gods."

"‘Umar, I am sure, your soul has deceived you, do you think that Banu ‘Abd Munaf would let you walk on earth if you slain Muhammad [pbuh]? Why don’t you take care of your own family first and set them right?" "Which of the folk of my house?" asked ‘Umar angrily. "Your brother- in- law and your sister have apostatized (meaning to say: They have become followers of Muhammad [pbuh]) and abandoned your religion." ‘Umar directed his footsteps to his sister’s house. As he drew near, he heard the voice of Khabbab bin Aratt, who was reading the Qur’anic Chapter TaHa (mystic letters, Ta Ha) to both of them.

Khabbab, perceiving the noise of his footsteps retired to a closet. Fatimah, ‘Umar’s sister, took hold of the leaf and hid it. But ‘Umar had already heard the voice. "What sound was that I have heard just now?" shouted the son of Khattab, entering angrily. Both his sister and her husband replied, "You heard nothing." "Nay," said he swearing fiercely, "I have heard that you have apostatized." He plunged forward towards his brother- in- law and beat him severely, but Fatimah rushed to the rescue of her husband. Thereupon, ‘Umar fell upon his sister and struck upon her head.

The husband and wife could not contain themselves and cried aloud: "Yes, we are Muslims, we believe in Allah and His Messenger Muhammad [pbuh] so do what you will." When ‘Umar saw the face of his dear sister besmeared with blood, he was softened and said: "Let me see what you were reading, so that I may see what Muhammad [pbuh] has brought." Fatimah was satisfied with the assurance, but said: "O brother, you are unclean on account of your idolatry, none but the pure may touch it. So go and wash first." He did so, and took the page and read the opening verses of the Chapter TaHa until he reached: "Verily! I am Allah! La ilaha illa Ana (none has the right to be worshipped but I), so worship Me, and perform As­Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) for My Remembrance. [Al- Qur'an 20:14]. ‘Umar read the verses with great interest and was much entranced with them.

"How excellent it is, and how graceful! Please guide me to Muhammad [pbuh] ." said he. And when he heard that, Khabbab came out of concealment and said, "O ‘Umar, I hope that Allah has answered the prayer of the Prophet [pbuh] , for I heard him say: ‘O Allah! Strengthen Islam through either ‘Umar bin Al- Khattab or Abu Jahl bin Hisham.’" ‘Umar then left for a house in Safa where Muhammad [pbuh] had been holding secret meetings along with his Companions. ‘Umar reached that place with the sword swinging by his arm. He knocked at the door. The Companions of the Prophet [pbuh] turned to see who the intruder was. One of them peeped through a chink in the door and reeled back exclaiming:

"It is ‘Umar with his sword." Hamzah, dispelling the fears of his friends, said: "Let him in. As a friend he is welcome. As a foe, he will have his head cut off with his own sword." The Prophet [pbuh] asked his Companions to open the door. In came the son of Khattab. The Prophet [pbuh] advanced to receive the dreadful visitor, caught him by his garment and scabbard, and asked him the reason of his visit. At that ‘Umar replied: "

"O Messenger of Allah [pbuh] , I come to you in order to believe in Allah and his Messenger and that which he has brought from his Lord." Filled with delight, Muhammad [pbuh] together with his Companions, cried aloud: ‘Allahu Akbar’ (Allah is Great).

[Tareekh 'Umar bin Al- Khattab, p7- 11; Ibn Hisham 1/343]

Surah 20:14 captured the heart of Umar (RA).

"Verily! I am Allah! La ilaha illa Ana (none has the right to be worshipped but I), so worship Me, and perform As­Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) for My Remembrance.

(Ta-Ha 20:14)

This was the conversion of Umar (RA) to Islam

When Umar (RA) converted to Islam, it brought victory

It was after the conversion of Umar (RA) that the Muslims mastered the strength to pray in public.

Abdullah ibn masood said: Umar's submission to Islam was a conquest, his migration was a victory, his Imamate (period of rule) was a blessing, I have seen when we were unable to pray at the Kaabah until Umar submitted, when he submitted to Islam, he fought them (the pagans) until they left us alone and we prayed.

{As-Suyuti, The History of the Khalifas Who Took the Right Way, p. 112.}

His migration from Mecca to Medina brought success

One man changed the face of Islam because he was a brave person.

The Muslims were persecuted in Mecca and the Rasul (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) commanded them to migrate from Makkah to Medinah.

Even though the kuffar hated them, they did not want them to migrate in order to enjoy the freedom of Medinah to practise their religion freely.

They want to make your life hell.

The people migrated in secret.

Not Umar - He migrated and no one tried to stop him from migrating.

Sa'eed ibn Zaid migrated with Umar (RA) from Mecca to Medina.

The husband of her sister who he beat up Sa’eed ibn Zaid was his companion during migration.

Look how hearts can change

Heart in Arabic is Qalb. Qalb means something that keeps changing.

Umar (RA) left his house with his sword to kill the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) but today his grave is besides that of the prophet in Medinah.

The heart does not remain the same. It can change.

Many times people get a divorce because they had a change of heart.

Sometimes you propose to someone and they say “no”, after a year they accept the proposal.

This is because they had a change of heart.

Qalb (heart) means something that turns over and over again

Allah (SWT) taught us a dua to make for the heart in surah 3:8.

(They say): "Our Lord! Let not our hearts deviate (from the truth) after You have guided us, and grant us mercy from You. Truly, You are the Bestower."

(Aali Imran 3:8)

Many people apostate from Islam so for you to die in Islam that is a barakah from Allah (SWT).

The heart doesn’t remain the same.

The Ayah that touched the heart of Umar (RA) and caused him to embrace Islam was surah 20:14

Verily! I am Allah! La ilaha illa Ana (none has the right to be worshipped but I), so worship Me, and perform As­Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) for My Remembrance.

(Ta-Ha 20:14)

When Umar (RA) arrived in Medina, the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) paired him up with Muhammad ibn Maslamah.

He was from the Ansars and Umar (RA) was from the Muhajiroon.

Muhammad ibn Maslamah is a very important name in Islam because he killed Ka'b ibn Ashraf.

Ka'b ibn Ashraf was a Jew who used to compose poems to insult Islam and muslims.

When Umar (RA) became caliph, he remained very close to Muhammad ibn Maslamah.

Muhammad ibn Maslamah was the chief investigator of accountability.

Umar (RA) used to use Muhammad ibn Maslamah to investigate whether the leaders were good or tyrannical to the people.

Muhammad ibn Maslamah was from the tribe of al Aws. His name is important in the Islamic history.  

Ka'b ibn Ashraf was a Jew that composed poems against Muslims.

He wrote a poem that says “he is so handsome that all the Muslim girls in Medinah have a crush on me” was when the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) decided he had to be killed. He had gone too far with his poetry.

Umar (RA) participated in the battle of Badr.

The battle of Badr was in 2 AH.

He also participated in the battle of uhud one year later 3 AH.

The Muslims disobeyed the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) and it caused their defeat

The Rasul (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) had taken refuge on top of the hill and the kuffar thought that he was dead.

Abu Sufyan cried out “where is Muhammad?”, then “where is Abu Bakr?”, then “where is Umar?”

Abu Sufyan then yelled out that Muhammad, Abu Bakr and Umar were dead.

Umar (RA) couldn’t contain himself so he shouted out “Shut up you lair, all three who you have called are alive.”

Even thou Abu Sufyan was a kafir he knew who were the important figures of Islam.

He said raise up Hubar - the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said our dead are in paradise and your dead are in hellfire

Umar (RA) was the one who was shouting out the answers from the prophet to Abu Sufyan.

Whenever the kaffirs say something to you, you have to say something back or else the kuffar will think they have a psychological advantage over you.

The prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) provided an answer to every single question of Abu Sufyan.

Umar (RA) also participated in the battle of the ditch 5 AH.

He was at the treaty of Hudabiyah 6 AH.

When the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) was negotiating at the treaty, Umar (RA) was upset because he did not agree

They told the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) to scratch out Bismillah Ar-rahman Ar-rahim. Just to write Bismillah.

Secondly the prophet wrote Muhammad Rasul Allah. They said to scratch out Rasul Allah because they don’t accept he is the messenger of Allah. They said if they accepted him as Rasul Allah they couldnot have fought him at the battle of Badr and Uhud.

One of the clause of the treaty is ‘Anyone who leaves Makkah to and live in darul islam, the muslims the muslims must send him back.’ ‘But anyone who leaves darul islam (Medinah) to darul harb (Makkah), the kuffar will be allowed to keep him.’

This clause made Umar (RA) to become upset.

Umars argument was that this treaty is not in favor of the Muslims

Anyone to leaves Mecca to go and live in Medina, the Muslims had to send him back

But anyone who leaves Medina to go to Mecca, we would be allowed to keep him

That is the clause that caused Umar to be fuming

So Umar (RA) went to Abu Bakr (RA) complaining, Abu Bakr said “keep quiet, I testify that he is the messenger of Allah”. 

Umar (RA) replied I also testify that he is the messenger of Allah but I don’t understand the treaty.

When the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) signed the treaty, Allah (SWT) sent surah 48:1.

Verily, We have given you (O Muhammad SAW) a manifest victory.

(Al-Fath 48:1)

What is the victory Allah is talking about? The victory is the treaty itself.

One of its clauses was no war for 10 years.

The secret of the treaty is, it is insanity to open many war fronts - so by putting one enemy behind you, you can focus on other enemies

The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) agreed because if Muslims wanted to leave darul Islam for Mecca, they are hypocrites and the Muslims didn't need them.

Umar (RA) said “I felt so ashamed and embarrased for opposing the prophet at the treaty of Hudaibiya”, so he gave sadaqah for the rest of his life hoping Allah (SWT) would forgive him.

Umar (RA) also participated in the Battle of Khaibar in 6 AH

The conquest of Mecca was 8 AH of which he also participated

He participated in many more battles

Upon the death of Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) many Muslims could not cope with the news including Umar

Umar was very wise and on many occasions Allah (SWT) agreed with his verdict many times

Because of his wisdom the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said if there was a prophet after me it would be Umar (RA).

Narrated 'Uqbah bin 'Amir: that the Messenger of Allah () said: "If there was to have a Prophet after me, it would have been 'Umar bin Al-Khattab."

{Jami At Tirmdhi Vol: 1 Book 46 Hadith 3686}

Uqbah ibn Aamir (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “If there were to be a Prophet after me then he would be Umar ibn Al-Khattab.”

[Musnad Ahmad (4/154) No. 17441, Sunan Tirmidhi (5/619) No. 3686, Mustadrak al-Haakim (3/92) No. 4495]



And take you (people) the Maqam (place) of Ibrahim (Abraham) [or the stone on which Ibrahim (Abraham) stood while he was building the Ka'bah] as a place of prayer (for some of your prayers, e.g. two Rak'at after the Tawaf of the Ka'bah at Makkah)

(Al-Baqarah 2:125)


O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e.screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allah is Ever Oft­Forgiving, Most Merciful.

(Al-Ahzab 33:59)


It is not for a Prophet that he should have prisoners of war (and free them with ransom) until he had made a great slaughter (among his enemies) in the land. You desire the good of this world (i.e. the money of ransom for freeing the captives), but Allah desires (for you) the Hereafter. And Allah is All Mighty, All-Wise.

(Al-Anfal 8:67)


And never (O Muhammad SAW) pray (funeral prayer) for any of them (hypocrites) who dies, nor stand at his grave. Certainly they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger, and died while they were Fasiqun (rebellious, - disobedient to Allah and His Messenger SAW).

(At-Tawbah 9:84)

These are examples of how Allah (SWT) agreed with Umar (RA)

Umar (RA) was famous for his al wala wal bara.

Al wala wal bara is to love and hate for the sake of Allah (SWT).

because of that he chopped off the head of his kaffir uncle at the battle of badr.

Umar (RA) was harsh against the munafiqen. A man came to the prophet for a verdict and he didn’t accept it so he went to Abu Bakr and then went to Umar who chopped off his head.

When they went to `Umar, the person who won the dispute said, “We took our dispute to the Prophet (SAW) and he decided in my favor, but this man refused to submit to the decision.” `Umar bin Al-Khattab asked the second man and he concurred. `Umar went to his house and emerged from it holding aloft his sword. He struck the head of the man who rejected the Prophet’s decision with the sword and killed him. Consequently, Allah revealed, [فَلا وَرَبِّكَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ حَتَّى يُحَكِّمُوكَ فِيمَا شَجَرَ بَيْنَهُمْ] (But no, by your Lord, they can have no Faith, until they make you judge in all disputes between them... (An-Nisa 4:65)).

[Tafseer Ibn Katheer (2/351-352)]

When Umar (RA) chopped off the head of a man Allah (SWT) revealed the surah 4:65.

But no, by your Lord, they can have no Faith, until they make you (O Muhammad SAW) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission.

(An-Nisa 4:65)

Even the shaitan was afraid of Umar (RA).

The shaitan would walk on the other side of the road when he saw Umar (RA).

Then 'Umar addressed the women saying, "O enemies of yourselves! You fear me more than you do Allah's Apostle ?" They said, "Yes, for you are harsher and sterner than Allah's Apostle." Then Allah's Apostle said, "O Ibn Al-Khattab! By Him in Whose Hands my life is! Never does Satan find you going on a way, but he takes another way other than yours."

{Sahih Al Bukhari Vol: 5  Book 57, Hadith 32}

The prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) groomed Umar (RA) to be one of his best sahabas next to Abu Bakr

When Umar (RA) heard the prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) died, he said if anyone says that the prophet is dead he will chop off his head

Muhammad (SAW) is no more than a Messenger, and indeed (many) Messengers have passed away before him. If he dies or is killed, will you then turn back on your heels (as disbelievers)? And he who turns back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah, and Allah will give reward to those who are grateful.

(Aali Imran 3:144)

Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: Abu Bakr went out while Umar bin Al-Khattab was talking to the people. Abu Bakr said, "Sit down, O 'Umar!" But 'Umar refused to sit down. So the people came to Abu Bakr and left Umar. Abu Bakr said, "To proceed, if anyone amongst you used to worship Muhammad, then Muhammad is dead, but if (anyone of) you used to worship Allah, then Allah is Alive and shall never die. Allah said: "Muhammad is no more than an Apostle, and indeed (many) apostles have passed away before him.

[Sahih Bukhari, Vol 5, Book 59, Hadith #733]

The Ansars gathered in Saqeefe Bani Saadah to carve up the khalif

Saqeefa means a shed

Aws and khazraj had tribalism among themselves. They used to kill each other in Jahiliya.

Abu Bakr (RA) rush to this gathering when he heard this because if a khalifa would have come from them, the Muslims would not have been united

Abu Malik al-Ashari narrated the Prophet (SAW) said: ”There are four matters of jaahiliyyah that exist among my ummah and they will not give them up: boasting about one’s forefathers, casting aspersions upon people’s lineages, seeking rain by the stars and wailing for the dead.”

[Sahih Muslim (Vol. 2 pg. 644) No. 934]

The prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) ordered that the khalifa will be from the Quraish because the Ummah will never give up tribalism.

Narrated by Ibn Umar:Allah's Apostle said, "This matter (caliphate) will remain with the Quraish even if only two of them were still existing.

{Sahih Bukhari: Vol. 9, Book 89, Hadith 254}

The Quraish is the most noble tribe. The people will only give their bay’ah if the caliph is from Quraish. 

Umar (RA) reminded the people from Medina about the Khalifa and gave his bayat to Abu Bakr (RA).

It was Umar (RA) who united the Muslims after the death of prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) under the leadership of Abu Bakr (RA).

When Abu Bakr (RA) was on his deathbed he called Uthman (RA) so he could write his will

Abu Bakr (RA) asked Ali (RA) to wash his body because he washed the body of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam).

In his will he said he wanted Umar (RA) to be his successor.

Some people asked how could he choose someone so harsh.

Abu Bakr (RA) said he would have mercy on the Ummah when he becomes Khalif

Umar (RA) surrounded himself with scholars when he became khalif and he did not allow them to leave Medina

Because he needed them around for their advise incase he forgot something while he was implementing the shariah

He appointed a woman to be the minister of finances when he was a khalif

Her name is Shifa Bint Abdullah

The hadith saying Umar (RA) buried one of his girl children alive is a fabricated hadith

The hadith saying Umar (RA) killed one of his boy children because of zina is also fabricated

Be careful listening to hadith from people who are jahil

Umar (RA) suspended the law of cutting off the hand of the thief because of a drought.

When the Islamic state was stricken by famine, Caliph Umar suspended the Hadd punishment being applied to theft.
Hatib ibn Abu Baltt’ah’s servants stole a camel that belonged to the tribe of Muzyama. On learning that they were guilty of the charges, Caliph Umar ordered their hands to be cut off.

However Umar stopped the enforcement of the punishment upon learning that their master kept them hungry. In fact, he punished their master, imposing a fine on him equivalent of the price of two camels.

Imam Ahmed was once asked about this by his student al-Sa‘di, “Is this what you say as well?” Ahmed replied, “Indeed, by Allah!” “So if he steals during a famine, the hand is not cut off?” asked al-Sa‘di. “No, not if he is desperately in need for that and the people are suffering from immense difficulty and famine”

(I‘lam’l-Muwaqqi‘in, 4:351, Dar ibn al-Jawzi)

This narration is collected by al-Sa‘di (the student of Imam Ahmed and the teacher of al-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud et al, d.256h) in his Jami‘, as well as Imam al-Bukhari in mu‘allaq form in al-Tarikh al-Kabir (3:4).

Ibn al-Qayyim goes on further to elaborate that Sayyidina ‘Umar (radhy Allahu ‘anhu) didn’t invent anything new in the religion but rather was establishing Shari‘ah in its most purest form, achieving its exact objectives by ensuring that two key juristic principles were applied, namely:

1. that doubt in the establishment of the crime, leads to the temporary suspension of the hadd for that crime

Umar (RA) did not go to his bed until he was sure all the Muslims had dinner before going to bed.

One day he found a woman boiling stones because she was so poor so her children would go to sleep.

News spread that a woman was having an affair and pregnant while Umar (RA) was khalif

The news reached Umar (RA) and when the woman found out she miscarried because of her terror of Umar

عبد الرزاق ، عن معمر ، عن مطر الوراق ، وغيره ، عن الحسن قال : أرسل عمر بن الخطاب إلى امرأة مغيبة كان يدخل عليها ، فأنكر ذلك ، فأرسل إليها ، فقيل لها : أجيبي عمر ، فقالت : يا ويلها ما لها ، ولعمر قال : فبينا هي في الطريق فزعت فضربها الطلق فدخلت دارا ، فألقت ولدها ، فصاح الصبي صيحتين ، ثم مات ، فاستشار عمر أصحاب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فأشار عليه بعضهم ، أن ليس عليك شيء ، إنما أنت وال ومؤدب قال : وصمت علي فأقبل عليه ، فقال : ما تقول ؟ قال : إن كانوا قالوا : برأيهم فقد أخطأ رأيهم ، وإن كانوا قالوا : في هواك فلم ينصحوا لك ، أرى أن ديته عليك فإنك أنت أفزعتها ، وألقت ولدها في سببك قال : فأمر عليا أن يقسم عقله على قريش ، يعني يأخذ عقله من قريش لأنه خطأ

`Abdul-Razzaq, from Ma`mar, from Matar al-Warraq, and others, from al-Hasan, that he said: `Umar sent after a promiscuous woman who used to receive men, he did not accept this. So when they got to her place, they called on her: "Come answer to `Umar!" She said: "Woe to me! What have I done to `Umar!?" And while on her way, she was painful, and entered a house and dropped her child, so he cried twice then died.

`Umar consulted the companions of the Prophet (SAWS), and some of them said to him: "You are not deserving of punishment, your duty is only to discipline them as the ruler." but `Ali was silent, so `Umar approached him and asked: "What is your opinion?"  `Ali replied: "If this is their opinion then they erred, and if they said this to you knowing that you wanted to hear it, then they did not give you sound advice. I see that you must pay the blood money (Diyyah) for him, because you scared her and she dropped her child as a result." so he ordered `Ali to distribute the money between Quraysh because he was wrong.

Source: Musannaf Abdul-Razzaq.

وفيما أجاز لي أبو عبد الله الحافظ روايته عنه ؛ أن أبا الوليد الفقيه أخبرهم قال : ثنا الماسرجسي أبو العباس ، ثنا شيبان ، ثنا سلام ، قال : سمعت الحسن يقول : إن عمر - رضي الله عنه - بلغه أن امرأة بغية يدخل عليها الرجال ، فبعث إليها رسولا ، فأتاها الرسول ، فقال : أجيبي أمير المؤمنين . ففزعت فزعة ، فوقعت الفزعة في رحمها ، فتحرك ولدها ، فخرجت ، فأخذها المخاض ، فألقت غلاما جنينا ، فأتي عمر بذلك ، فأرسل إلى المهاجرين فقص عليهم أمرها ، فقال : ما ترون ؟ فقالوا : ما نرى عليك شيئا يا أمير المؤمنين ، إنما أنت معلم ومؤدب ، وفي القوم علي ، وعلي ساكت ، قال : فما تقول أنت يا أبا الحسن ، قال : أقول إن كانوا قاربوك في الهوى فقد أثموا ، وإن كان هذا جهد رأيهم فقد أخطئوا ، وأرى عليك الدية يا أمير المؤمنين . قال : صدقت ، اذهب فاقسمها على قومك

From what al-Hafiz abu `Abdullah granted me the Ijazah to narrate, is that abu al-Walid al-Faqih told them, he said: al-Masirjisiy abu al-`Abbas told  us, Shayban told us, Sallam told us, he said: I heard al-Hasan say: That it had reached `Umar that a promiscuous woman was receiving men, so he sent her a messenger, and the messenger said to her: "Come answer to Ameer al-Mu'mineen!" So she got scared and it affected her womb, and her child moved, and when she left she suddenly dropped her fetus.

`Umar was informed of this he sent after the emigrants and told them her story, he asked: "What do you think?" they said: "We see no fault on you O Ameer  al-Mu'mineen, your job is only to discipline and teach." and `Ali was among the folks and he was silent. `Umar said: "O abu al-Hasan, what do you think?" `Ali replied: "I say: if they spoke only what you desired to hear, then they are sinful, and if they had thought and reached this opinion, then they are wrong. O Ameer al-Mu'mineen, I see that you must pay the blood money (Diyyah)." `Umar said: "You speak truth! Go and divide it among your folks."

{Sunan al-Bayhaqi al-Kubra.}

Umar (RA) had a shura meeting asking if he should compensate her.

Umar (RA) asked Ali and Ali said to give her 5 camels because he frightened her to miscarry the baby

Umar (RA) took Ali's opinion.

If you cause a woman to miscarry her baby the compensation is 5 camels

This proves that Abu Bakr (RA) was right about Umar (RA) not being harsh as a khalif

The khalifa expanded during Umar's time as khalif.

Umar (RA) ruled with justice

Umar (RA) conquered Iraq, Iran, Egypt, Arimania, Azzabijan

When Umar (RA) was a khalifa he lifted the ban on Jerusalem and allowed

He also conquered Syria and Jerusalem.

He allowed Jews to return to Jerusalem to live by lifting the ban imposed by Christians.

In 644 CE Umar (RA) was killed by a man called Abu Lulu because of an argument over pay.

‘Amr ibn Maymun al-Ansari said: Abu Lu’lu’ah, the slave of al-Mughirah, stabbed ‘Umar with a dagger which had two heads, and he stabbed, along with him, twelve other men of whom six died, then a man from Iraq threw a robe over him. When he became tangled up in it, he killed himself.

{from The History of the Khalifahs by Jalal ad-Din as-Suyuti}

Abu Lulu complained that he was not getting enough pay by his master, but Umar said it was a fair pay.

The master of Abu Lulu was Magheera ibn shu'bah.

Because Umar (RA) said it was a fair pay, he held a grudge.

He stabbed Umar (RA) at the Masjid.

Abu Lulu was a fire worshipper pretending to be a Muslim.

He stabbed Umar (RA) when he came out to lead salah along with 13 others - 7 died

Even though Lulu was a fire worshipper, the shies' hold him in high regard and worship his grave until today


1. He was a political genius who united the ummah under the khalifa of Abu Bakr (RA)

2. He was a military genius who expanded the Islamic empire beyond the imagination of the Muslims

3. He was a skilful statesman and politician who looked after his subjects

Ibn Mas‘ud, may Allah be pleased with him, said: When the right-acting ones are remembered, then begin with ‘Umar. Truly ‘Umar was the most knowledgeable of us of the Book of Allah, and the most understanding (literally: having the most fiqh) of us of the deen of Allah, exalted is He.

{At-Tabarani and al-Hakim narrated it.}

4. He was a leader who ruled with jurist and no one was above the law during his time

Ibn ‘Abbas was asked about Abu Bakr and he said, ‘He was the good, all of it.’ He was asked about ‘Umar and said, ‘He was like the apprehensive bird which thinks that on every path there is a snare to catch it.’ He was asked about ‘Ali and he said, ‘He was full of resolve, sound judgement, knowledge and valour.’

{He narrated it in at-Tuyuriyyat.}

Because of this reason he was given the title Umar al Faruq

Ibn Mas‘ud, may Allah be pleased with him, said: Even if the knowledge of ‘Umar were to be put in one scale of a balance and the knowledge of every living being on the earth were put in the other scale, the knowledge of ‘Umar would outweigh their knowledge. They used to hold the view that he had gone (i.e. died) with nine-tenths of knowledge.

{At-Tabarani narrated it in al-Kabir, and al-Hakim narrated it.}

5. Umar (RA) was an intelligent jurist who helped to develop the Islamic shariah

for example - salah taraweh in Jamaa'ah is one of the legacies of Umar

Sa‘id ibn al-Musayyab said: When ‘Umar returned from Mina (to Makkah), he made his camel kneel down in the watercourse, then he threw himself down, raised his hands to the sky and said, ‘O Allah! I am advanced in years, my strength has weakened, and my subjects have increased, so take me to You without (my) being wasteful or falling short.’ Dhu’l-Hijjah had not gone before he was killed.

{Al-Hakim narrated it}

Umar's Death

In 23 H., when Hadrat Umar Radi Allahu Ta'ala anhu returned to Madinah from Hajj, he raised his hands and prayed, "O Allah! I am advanced in years, my bones are weary, my powers are declining, and the people for whom I am responsible have spread far and wide. Summon me back to Thyself, my Lord!" Some time later, when

Hadrat 'Umar Radi Allahu Ta'ala anhu went to the mosque to lead a prayer, a Magian named Abu Lulu Feroze, who had a grudge against Hadrat 'Umar Radi Allahu Ta'ala anhu on a personal matter, attacked him with a dagger and stabbed him several times. Umar reeled and fell to the ground. When he learned that the assassin was a Magian, he said, "Thank Allah he is not a Muslim."

'Umar died in the first week of Muharram, 24 H., and was buried by the side of the Most Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu Ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam.

Narrated By 'Amr bin Maimun Al-Audi: I saw 'Umar bin Al-Khattab (when he was stabbed) saying, "O 'Abdullah bin 'Umar! Go to the mother of the believers 'Aisha and say, 'Umar bin Al-Khattab sends his greetings to you,' and request her to allow me to be buried with my companions." (So, Ibn 'Umar conveyed the message to 'Aisha.) She said, "I had the idea of having this place for myself but today I prefer him ('Umar) to myself (and allow him to be buried there)." When 'Abdullah bin 'Umar returned, 'Umar asked him, "What (news) do you have?" He replied, "O chief of the believers! She has allowed you (to be buried there)." On that 'Umar said, "Nothing was more important to me than to be buried in that (sacred) place. So, when I expire, carry me there and pay my greetings to her ('Aisha) and say, 'Umar bin Al-Khattab asks permission; and if she gives permission, then bury me (there) and if she does not, then take me to the grave-yard of the Muslims. I do not think any person has more right for the caliphate than those with whom Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) was always pleased till his death. And whoever is chosen by the people after me will be the caliph, and you people must listen to him and obey him," and then he mentioned the name of 'Uthman, 'Ali, Talha, Az-Zubair, 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf and Sad bin Abi Waqqas. By this time a young man from Ansar came and said, "O chief of the believers! Be happy with Allah's glad tidings. The grade which you have in Islam is known to you, then you became the caliph and you ruled with justice and then you have been awarded martyrdom after all this." 'Umar replied, "O son of my brother! Would that all that privileges will counterbalance (my short comings), so that I neither lose nor gain anything. I recommend my successor to be good to the early emigrants and realize their rights and to protect their honor and sacred things. And I also recommend him to be good to the Ansar who before them, had homes (in Medina) and had adopted the Faith. He should accept the good of the righteous among them and should excuse their wrongdoers. I recommend him to abide by the rules and regulations concerning the Dhimmis (protectees) of Allah and His Apostle, to fulfill their contracts completely and fight for them and not to tax (overburden) them beyond their capabilities." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 2, Book 23, Hadith #475]