Saturday, April 12, 2014

05 Notes & Audio {Hasan Ibn Ali Ibn Talib (RA) {Lives of The Sahabas} April 12 2014



بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

THE LIFE OF
HASAN IBN ALI (RA)

12 APRIL 2014 / 11 JUMADA AL THANI 1435 HIJRI

BY SHAIKH ABDULLAH FAISAL

Notes Typed by AT6

Hadith Hujjah by AT3 & AT6

Qur’an Hujjah by AT3

Edited & Formatted by Abu Hafiza & AT6

- Hasan (RA) was born in 625 CE or the 15th of Ramadan 3 AH.

- He was the first son of Ali (RA) and Fatima (RAA).

- When he was born, the holy Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) performed his Aqeeqa.

Yahya related to me from Malik that he heard that there had been an aqiqa for Hasan and Husayn, the sons of Ali ibn Abi Talib.  

{Muwatta Malik:  Book 26, Hadith 64} & Book 26, Hadith 1075}


- Aqeeqa means Islamic etiquettes to receive the new born baby.

- You choose something sweet like dates to put in the baby's mouth.


- Somebody who is very pious should chew something sweet and then put it in the baby's mouth.


- If it is a boy, you slaughter two lambs and if it is a girl, you slaughter one lamb.

Narrated Salman bin 'Amir Ad-Dabbi: I heard Allah's Messenger () saying, "'Aqiqa is to be offered for a (newly born) boy, so slaughter (an animal) for him, and relieve him of his suffering."

{Sahih al-Bukhari: Vol: 7 Book 71 Chapter: 59 Hadith: 5472) & Sahih BukharI; Vol. 7, Book 66, Hadith 380}


- When Hasan was born, the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) told his parents to shave off his hair and give the equivalent of its weight in silver to the poor.

- You should give good names to children.


- You should wait 7 days to name the baby.

- You should also circumcise the baby on the seventh day.

- Female circumcision is unislamic and there is no hujjah for it.

- The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) was the one to receive Hasan (RA) into the dunya.

- The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) performed the aqeeqa.


- He also announced the adhaan in the ear of Hasan (RA).


Narrated AbuRafi': I saw the Messenger of Allah () uttering the call to prayer (Adhan) in the ear of al-Hasan ibn Ali when Fatimah gave birth to him.

{Sunan Abi Dawud 5105 & Book 42, Hadith 5086}

- When Hasan (RA) was born, the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) recited the adhan in his ear.


- There is a hadith about reciting the iqama in the left ears but it is weak.


- The ummah still act on this hadith even though it is weak.

- Reciting the iqama in the left ear is not an issue.


- The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) loved Hasan (RA) and Hussain (RA).

- Hussain (RA) was born a year later.

- The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) used to kiss them.

Narrated By Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle kissed Al-Hasan bin Ali while Al-Aqra' bin Habis At-Tamim was sitting beside him. Al-Aqra said, "I have ten children and I have never kissed anyone of them," Allah's Apostle cast a look at him and said; "Whoever is not merciful to others will not be treated mercifully."

[Sahih Bukhari, Vol 8, Book 73, Hadith #026]


- The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) kissed his children and his grandchildren.


- Hasan (RA) and Hussain (RA) will be the chiefs of the youth of Paradise.


- Abu Bakr (RA) and Umar (RA) will be the chiefs of the mature people of Paradise.


Abu Sa’eed (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “Hasan and Hussain are the chief of the youth of paradise.”

[Musnad Ahmad (3/3) No. 11012, Sunan Tirmidhi (5/656) No. 3768, Mustadrak al-Haakim (3/182) No. 4778]


It was narrated that 'Ali said: "The Messenger of Allah said: 'Abu Bakr and 'Umar are the leaders of the mature people of Paradise, and the first and the last, except for the Prophets and Messengers, but do not tell them about that, O 'Ali, as long as they are still alive.'" 

[Sunan ibn Majah Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 95]


- Hasan (RA) was one of those under the cloak of the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam).


- The people were speaking ill of the Prophet's (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) family and he heard about it.

- The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) spread a Yemeni garment over Ali (RA), Fatimah (RAA), Hasan (RA) and Hussain (RA) and made a dua for them.

Umm Salamah (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) put a cloak over Hasan, Husayn, Ali and Fatimah and prayed, “O Allah, they are people of my house and closest to me. Remove from them evil and purify them a perfect purification.” Umm Salamah (RA) submitted, “Am I too with them, O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “Indeed you are on what is good.”

[Sunan Tirmidhi (5/699) No. 3871 and Musnad Ahmad (6/304) No. 26639] & [Jami at-Tirmidhi Vol. 1, Book 46, Hadith 3871] & Book 49 Hadith 4245}


- According to Shiite Islam, they have 12 imams and the caliphate should remain amongst the descendants of the Prophet.

- They are 12vers.


- Bloodline is sacred in the Shiite ideology.


- Bloodline is more important to Shiites than Qur'an and Sunnah.

WHO WERE THE 12 IMAMS?

1. ALI

2. HASAN

3. HUSSAIN


4. ZAINUL ABIDEEN


5. MUHAMMAD AL BAAQIR


6. JAFAR AS SADIQ


7. MUSA AL KADHIM


8. ALI AR-RIDAA


9. MUHAMMAD AL JAWAAD


10. ALI AL-HADI


11. HASAN AL-ASKARI


12. MUHAMMAD AL-MAHDI


- They say the 12th imam disappeared in Samara in Iraq.


- They say he is in a tunnel and that he is still alive.


- The Shiites say he is going to come back as the Mahdi (AS) and he's going to give life to Abu Bakr (RA) and Umar (RA) and crucify them because they were the two idols of Quraish.

SHIA HUJJAH: In a narration attributed to Imam Abi Abdullah, he says: "Do you know what he (Shia Imam Mahdi) will start with? I said: "No." He said: "He will dig out the two (meaning Abu Bakr and Umar) as wet and fresh. Then, he will burn them and scatter their remains in the wind. And he will break-up (demolish) the Mosque ( meaning the Haram Mosque of Mecca ). 

(Al-Majlisi, Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 52, p. 387)


- Even though Allah (SWT) said Aisha didn't commit zina in Surah 24:11, the Shiites believe when the Mahdi (AS) comes back, he is going to take Aisha (RAA) out of the grave and punish her for committing zina.


Verily! Those who brought forth the slander (against 'Aishah the wife of the Prophet SAW) are a group among you. Consider it not a bad thing for you. Nay, it is good for you. Unto every man among them will be paid that which he had earned of the sin, and as for him among them who had the greater share therein, his will be a great torment.

(An-Nur 24:11)


SHIA HUJJAH: The Shia believe that at the time of Mahdi’s return Imam Mahdi will resurrect Aisha (Prophet Mohammad’s wife) and execute the law of Hudud on her, for committing Zina (adultery) during her marriage.

(Al-Anwar Al-Numaniyah, vol. 1, p.  161, Tafsir al-Shafi, vol. 2, p. 108, Haq al-Yaqeen, vol. 2, p. 256, Hayat al-Qulub, vol. 2, p. 611)


- The Shiites are being killed in Pakistan like flies because their ideology is kufr, shirk and zandaqa.

- The Shiites are a cancer in the body of the ummah and they are being surgically removed.

- Christianity, Judaism, communism and Shiaism are ideologies.


- Aqeeda is Qur'an and Sunnah.

- An ideology is the idea of a mad man.


- You are not allowed to say the Islamic ideology.


- You have to say the Islamic creed or the Islamic Aqeeda.

- Hasan (RA) was a great scholar of Islam and a fierce fighter on the battlefield.


- One of the hadiths he learnt from his grandfather is leave what makes you doubt for that which doesn't make you doubt.

{40 Hadith Imam Nawawi No: 11}


On the authority of Abu Muhammad al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Abee Talib (RA), the grandson of the Messenger of Allah (SAW), and the one much loved by him, who said: I memorised from the Messenger of Allah (SAW): "Leave that which makes you doubt for that which does not make you doubt."

[It was related by at-Tirmidhi and an-Nasai, with at-Tirmidhi saying that it was a good and sound (hasan saheeh)

- Hasan’s father Ali (RA) was a great scholar of Islam and he narrated the most hadiths out of the four rightly guided caliphs.

- Ali (RA) was the most knowledgeable of the four rightly guided caliphs.


- Hasan (RA) was raised with Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr (RA) and Hussain (RA).


- All three became staunch supporters of Ali ibn Abu Talib (RA).


- When the rebels surrounded the house of Uthman (RA), Ali (RA) sent his two sons to protect Uthman (RA).

- Ali (RA) was ready to sacrifice his two sons to save the life of Uthman (RA).

- Uthman (RA) refused their protection saying he fears there will be bloodshed.

When Hasan entered upon Uthman, he said, "O Commander of the Faithful! I am under your command, so order me as you wish." Uthman answered, "My dear brother's son! Go back, and stay in your home until Allah carries out His order. I do not need the shedding of blood."

[Musnad Ahmed, Virtues of the Companions, #753]


- As a youth growing up, Hasan (RA) witnessed many fitnah and bloodshed.

- Because he was a staunch supporter of his father, he witnessed his father giving speeches in public places.

- Hasan participated in many battles with his father.


- He saw bloodshed first hand.

- For example, he was at the battle of the camel.

- He participated in this battle against Aisha (RAA).

- When Aisha (RA) was riding to the battlefield, the dogs of Hawab barked at her.


Ibn Abbas narrated that Allah’s messenger   said to his wives: ‘Who amongst you would be the rider of the camel, she would march until the dogs of Hawab barked at her, many people shall be killed to the right and left of her. She would subsequently survive after which she would be made to feel guilty’.

[Imam Ibn Hajar Asqalani records in Fath ul Bari, Volume 13 page 55]


- When Aisha (RAA) was riding towards the battlefield, the dogs barked at her.

- That means she should have turned back but she continued because Talha (RA) and Zubair (RA) told her to continue.

- The Shiites claim the reason why Aisha (RAA) went to this battle is because she didn't like Ali (RA).

- They bring a hadith from Bukhari to try and prove that Aisha (RAA) didn't like Ali (RA)

Narrated `Aisha: "When the Prophet () became seriously ill and his disease became aggravated he asked for permission from his wives to be nursed in my house and he was allowed. He came out with the help of two men and his legs were dragging on the ground. He was between Al-`Abbas and another man."

'Ubaidullah said, "I told Ibn `Abbas what `Aisha had narrated and he said, 'Do you know who was the (second) man whose name `Aisha did not mention'" I said, 'No.' Ibn `Abbas said, 'He was `Ali Ibn Abi Talib.' " [Sahih al-Bukhari: Vol: 1  Book 10  Chapter 39 Hadith: 665 &  Bukhari: Book 10, Hadith 59]


- When the hypocrites accused Aisha (RAA) of committing zina, Ali (RA) didn't back her up.

- Aisha (RAA) carried a grudge against Ali (RA) for this reason.

Zirr reported: 'Ali observed: By Him Who split up the seed and created something living, the Apostle (may peace and blessings be upon him) gave me a promise that no one but a believer would love me, and none but a hypocrite would nurse grudge against me.

{Sahih Muslim 78  Book 1, Hadith 141}

- Zainab bint Jash, (RAA) the co-wife of Aisha (RAA), backed her up.

- The Shiites use the above-mentioned hadith as their hujjah to prove that Aisha (RAA) hated Ali (RA) because she couldn't bear to call him by his name. She said another man.


- Zainab bint Jash (RAA) backed up Aisha (RAA) because when women have taqwa they are not bitchy.

Abu Bakr said, "Yes, by Allah, I wish that Allah should forgive me." So he resumed giving Mistah the aid he used to give him before and said, "By Allah, I will never withold it from him at all." Aisha further said: Allah's Messenger () also asked Zainab bint Jahsh about my case. He said, "O Zainab! What have you seen?" She replied, "O Allah's Messenger ()! I protect my hearing and my sight (by refraining from telling lies). I know nothing but good (about Aisha)." Of all the wives of Allah's Messenger (), it was Zainab who aspired to receive from him the same favor as I used to receive, yet, Allah saved her (from telling lies) because of her piety. But her sister, Hamna, kept on fighting on her behalf so she was destroyed as were those who invented and spread the slander. The battle of the camel was in 34 AH in Basra.

{Sahih Bukhari: Vol. 6, Book 60, Hadith 274 & Bukhari: Book 65, Hadith 4797}


- The battle of the camel was in 34 AH in Basra.


- 10 000 sahabas died at this battle.

- Hasan (RA) witnessed the battle of Siffin against Muawiyah (RA).


- Siffin took place in Syria.


- It took place in 35 AH.


- Ali had 80,000 soldiers.


- 70 of his soldiers participated in the battle of Badr.


- Muawiyah (RA) had 120,000 Syrians in his army.


- Ali (RA) lost 25,000 soldiers and Muawiyah (RA) lost 45,000 soldiers.

- Hasan (RA) witnessed all this bloodshed and he was fed up.


- Not only did he witness it, but he participated in these battles.


- Hasan (RA) was fed up to see Muslims killing Muslims.


- Hasan (RA) participated in the battle of Nahrawan against the khawarij with his father.

- This battle took place in 38 AH.

- The khawarij had 4000 men and Ali (RA) had 40,000 in his army.


- This battle took place 12 miles outside of Baghdad.


- This battle was a complete massacre for the khawarij.


- Only 8 of them remained alive.


- Ali (RA) was assassinated by a khariji in 40 AH in Kufa.


- Ali (RA) was 63 when he was assassinated.

- The man who killed Ali (RA) thought he was a kaafir.

- This is why he killed Ali (RA).


- The Muslims rallied around Hasan (RA) and chose him to be the caliph.


- When Hasan (RA) became the caliph, there was still hostility between Iraq, where the supporters of Hasan (RA) and Ali (RA) were, and Syria, where the supporters of Muawiya (RA) were.


- In the days of Jahiliya, Syria was under the Byzantine Empire and the Persian Empire controlled Iraq and they fought each other.


- The Syrians saw Ali (RA) as Iraqi.


- This is why they took sides with Muawiyya (RA).


- Each country wants the seat of the caliphate to be in their territory.


- The Syrians want the caliphate to be in Damascus.

- The Iraqis wanted it to be in Kufa.


- The jahiliya sentiments were still raging in their hearts.


- When Hasan (RA) became the caliph, he was urged to continue the fight against Muawiya (RA).


- But Hasan (RA) was fed up of seeing Muslims killing Muslims.


- Hasan (RA) gave a speech to the Muslims and said he would hand over power to Muawiya (RA) to stop Muslims killing Muslims.


- Hasan (RA) handed the caliphate over to Muawiya (RA) in a silver platter.


Narrated by Al-Hasan Al-Basri: “By Allah, Al-Hasan bin Ali led large battalions like mountains against Muawiya. Amr bin Al-As said (to Muawiya), "I surely see battalions which will not turn back before killing their opponents." Muawiya who was really the best of the two men said to him, "O 'Amr! If these killed those and those killed these, who would be left with me for the jobs of the public, who would be left with me for their women, who would be left with me for their children?" Then Muawiya sent two Quraishi men from the tribe of 'Abd-i-Shams called 'Abdur Rahman bin Sumura and Abdullah bin 'Amir bin Kuraiz to Al-Hasan saying to them, "Go to this man (i.e. Al-Hasan) and negotiate peace with him and talk and appeal to him." So, they went to Al-Hasan and talked and appealed to him to accept peace. Al-Hasan said, "We, the offspring of 'Abdul Muttalib, have got wealth and people have indulged in killing and corruption (and money only will appease them)." They said to Al-Hasan, "Muawiya offers you so and so, and appeals to you and entreats you to accept peace." Al-Hasan said to them, "But who will be responsible for what you have said?" They said, "We will be responsible for it." So, what-ever Al-Hasan asked they said, "We will be responsible for it for you." So, Al-Hasan concluded a peace treaty with Muawiya. Al-Hasan (Al-Basri) said: I heard Abu Bakr saying, "I saw Allah's Apostle on the pulpit and Al-Hasan bin 'Ali was by his side. The Prophet was looking once at the people and once at Al-Hasan bin 'Ali saying, 'This son of mine is a Saiyid (i.e. a noble) and may Allah make peace between two big groups of Muslims through him."

[Sahih Al Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 49, Number 867]

- What Hasan (RA) did is called maslaha (public interest).

- So in Islam you are allowed to give up your right in order to stop the bloodshed of Muslims.


- No Muslim is allowed to criticise Hasan for what he did.


- He realised Muawiya (RA) was power hungry.


- Hasan (RA) stepped down to stop Muslims killing Muslims.


- The reason why you are not allowed to criticise Hasan (RA) is because the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) praised what he did.


Narrated Abu Bakra: I heard the Prophet talking at the pulpit while Al-Hasan was sitting beside him, and he (i.e. the Prophet ) was once looking at the people and at another time Al-Hasan, and saying, "This son of mine is a Saiyid (i.e. chief) and perhaps Allah will bring about an agreement between two sects of the Muslims through him."

[Sahih Bukhari: Vol: 5 Book 62 Chapter 23 Hadith. 3746]

- When Hasan (RA) stepped down and gave the power to Muawiya (RA), he fulfilled one of the prophecies of Muhammad (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) as it is said in the above-mentioned hadith.


- Hasan (RA) returned to Madina and retired from politics.


- He returned to Madina and lived a quiet life.


- Hasan (RA) ruled for 6 months, then abdicated and gave power to Muawiya (RA).

- This fulfilled another prophecy of Muhammad (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam).


Safinah (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger ((Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam)) said, “The Khilafah (Caliphate) will last among my ummah for thirty years. Then there will be kingdom after that.” Thereafter, Safinah said, “Count the khilafah of Abu Bakr.” Then he said, “And of Umar (RA) and Uthman, and count the Khilafah of Ali We will find the total to be thirty years. Saeed said that he told him that the Banu Umayyah imagined that the Khilafah rested with them. He said, The Banu Zarqa lie. Rather, they were kings, the worst of kings.

[Sunan Tirmidhi (4/503) No. 2226 and Musnad Ahmad (5/221) No. 21978]

- The caliphate of Abu Bakr (RA) was for 2 years.



- Umar's (RA) was 10 years.



- Uthaman's (RA) was 12 years.



- Ali's (RA) was for five and a half years.



- Hasan's was 6 months making the total, 30 years.



- When Hasan (RA) abdicated, he put down three conditions for Muawiya (RA) to stick by.

THE THREE CONDITIONS OF HASAN GIVEN TO MUAWIYAH


CONDITION # 1: MUAWIYAH SHOULD GOVERN THE PEOPLE WITH QUR'AN AND SUNNAH


CONDITION # 2: HE SHOULD ESTABLISH A SHURA TO DECIDE WHO WILL BE THE CALIPH AFTER HIM


- In other words, don't appoint your son Yazeed to be the caliph; let the Muslims decide.


CONDITION # 3: NO ACTS OF REVENGE SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT AGAINST THE FOLLOWERS OF ALI AND HASAN


- When Muawiyah (RA) became the caliph, he focused primarily on expanding the Islamic empire.


- Muawiyah (RA) was able to expand the Islamic empire rapidly because the Muslims were no longer killing each other.


- They weren't using their resources and manpower to kill each other.


- The Muslim world was peaceful.


- So Muawiyah (RA) was able to expand his empire rapidly.


- This is why the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) praised what Hasan did.


- Hasan (RA) gave up his right to be the caliph in order to stop Muslims killing Muslims.


- Muawiyah's (RA) caliphate lasted for 20 years.


- He conquered the whole of North Africa with the exception of Egypt which was conquered by Umar ibn al Khattab (RA).


- Muawiyah (RA) ruled the Muslim world with an iron fist.


- Anyone who tried mutiny was immediately beheaded.


- Many historians believed the ambition of Muawiyah (RA) was to take the caliphate from the Prophet's (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) family to the family of Abu Sufyan. This is why he fought Ali (RA).


- We say to this Allahu alam because Allah (SWT) knows the secrets of the bosom.


- Hasan died in 50 AH at the age of 47 in Madina and he was buried in Jannatul Baqi.


- The Shiites in their history books say Muawiyah (RA) bribed the wife of Hasan to poison him so the caliphate will go to Yazeed, Muawiyah's son.


- The name of the wife who poisoned Hasan (RA) according to the Shiites is Ja'da bint al Ash'at.


- We say about this Allahu alam; we will wait for Judgment Day to find out who poisoned Hasan (RA).


- Honey was used to poison Hasan (RA).

HOW HASAN WILL BE REMEMBERED


- He shall be remembered as a lion on the battlefield like his father.


- Hasan shall be remembered as the caliph who abdicated to stop Muslims killing Muslims.


- He shall be remembered as the fifth of the rightly guided caliphs.


- The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said the rightly guided caliphate will be for 30 years and Hasan's 6 months makes it 30 years.


- He shall be remembered as the caliphs who fulfilled the prophecy of the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) by uniting the ummah under Muawiyah (RA).


- Hasan shall be remembered as the caliph who turned his back on lust for power in favour of unity for the ummah.