Sunday, June 29, 2014

Ramadan: The Month of Glory

Ramadan: The Month of Glory
by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
June 29, 2014 | Ramadan 1, 1435 

NOTES typed LIVE by AT-19
Hadith and Quran Hujjah by Abu Qasim and Acceptruth
Edited and formatted by Abu Hafiza 

  • The month of Ramadan has started and tomorrow will be the first day of fasting.
  • Tonight is the first night for taraweeh prayer.
  • If you are asking the question why it is that you fast for the holy month of Ramadan,
  • What answer would you give?
  • There are two reasons why we fast in month of Ramadan.
  • We fast because we were commanded by Allah (SWT) in the Qur'an.

Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an surah Al Baqarah verse 183

O you who believe! Observing As-Saum (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqûn (the pious - see V.2:2).  (Al-Baqarah 2:183)

  • Taqwa is the place between yourself and the wrath of Allah (SWT) a barrier, by doing what is fard and abstaining from that which is haram.
  • So the first reason why Muslims fast in the month of Ramadan is because surah Al Baqarah: 183.
  • The second reason why we fast can be found in surah Al Baqarah: 185.
Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an Surah Al Baqarah verse 185

The month of Ramadān in which was revealed the Qur'ān, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadān i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Saum (fasts) that month, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days. Allāh intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you. (He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allāh [i.e. to say Takbīr (Allāhu-Akbar; Allāh is the Most Great) on seeing the crescent of the months of Ramadān and Shawwāl] for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him.  (Al-Baqarah 2:185)
  • The second reason why we fast is to express our gratitude toward Allah (SWT).
  • Therefore Ibn Kathir (RH) said:
  • Indeed Allah (SWT) has revealed the most sacred book with his closest angel (Gabriel) to his best prophet Muhammad(Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), or to the most noble prophet in the best language, the Arabic language.
  • In the most sacred city is Makkah.



"Whoever fasts Ramadan out of Iman and seeking Allah's reward then his past and future sins are forgiven." (Hasan, Ahmad. Declared Hasan by adh-Dhahabi, as mentioned in al-Mughni (5876)) & [Sahih Bukhari (1/16) No. 38]

It is reported by Abu Hurairah that the Prophet (saws) would encourage people to perform the special prayers during Ramadan without commanding them as obligatory and he said: "Whoever prays during the nights of Ramadan [tarawih] with a firm belief and hoping for reward, all of his previous sins would be forgiven." [Related by Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, and Ibn Maajah.]


Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “The five daily prayers, Friday prayer to the followingFriday prayer, and Ramadan to the following Ramadan are expiations for sins as long as one abstains from major sins." 
[Sahih Muslim (1/209) No. 233 and Musnad Ahmad (2/400) No. 9186]


It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (RA) said: The Prophet (SAW) ascended the minbar and said: “Ameen, ameen, ameen.” It was said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, you ascended the minbar and said, ‘Ameen, ameen, ameen.” He said: “Jibreel (peace be upon him) came to me and said: ‘If Ramadan comes and a person is not forgiven, he will enter Hell and Allah will cast him far away. Say Ameen.’ So I said Ameen. He said: ‘O Muhammad, if both or one of a person’s parents are alive and he does not honour them and he dies, he will enter Hell and Allah will cast him far away. Say Ameen.’ So I said Ameen. He said: ‘If you are mentioned in a person’s presence and he does not send blessings upon you and he dies, he will enter Hell and Allah will cast him far away. Say Ameen.’ So I said Ameen.”  
[Sahih Ibn Hibban, (3/188) No. 907 and Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah (3/192) No. 1888]


Abu Huraira (RA) reported the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "Allah the Exalted and Majestic said: 'every act of the son of Adam is for him, except As-Siyam (the fasting) which is (exclusively) for Me, and I will reward him for it.' Fasting is a shield. When anyone of you is observing fast, he should neither indulge in obscene language nor should he raise his voice; and if anyone reviles him or tries to quarrel with him, he should say: 'I am fasting.' By Him in Whose Hand the soul of Muhammad is, the breath of one observing Saum is sweeter to Allah than the fragrance of musk. The one who fasts, experiences two joys: he feels pleasure when he breaks the fast. He is joyful by virtue of his fast when he meets his Rubb." [al-Bukhari (1904) and Muslim (1151)]

  • Because you perform the taraweeh prayer.
  • It keeps you in touch with the Holy Qur'an.
  • Because in many masjids, the imams finish the entire Qur'an.

'Abdullah ibn 'Amr reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW), said: "The fast and the Qur'an are two intercessors for the servant of Allah on the Day of Resurrection. The fast will say: 'O Lord, I prevented him from his food and desires during the day. Let me intercede for him.' The Qur'an will say: 'I prevented him from sleeping at night. Let me intercede for him.' And their intercession will be accepted."  [Musnad Ahmad (2/174) No. 6626, Mustadrak al-Haakim (1/740) No. 2036, Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (3/378) No. 1839]
  • Even if you are not a hafiz, many people read the Qur'an until they finish it.
  • Instead of wasting their time watching movies, then read the Qur'an.
  • It is difficult to find a shia who is a hafiz because they do not do the taraweeh prayer.
  • They say taraweeh is a bidah because Umar (RA) introduced to the Muslims.
  • So when you beat and cut up yourselves, isn't that bidah?
  • No one commits a crime more than the Shia of bidah.
  • Umar (RA) appointed Ubayy ibn Ka'b (RA) to lead the Muslims in taraweeh.
  • Umar did 20 rakah
  • The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) did 8 rakah.
  • The madkhali's like to say you are not allowed to do 20
  • The madkhali's quoted a hadith proving you cannot do 20 rakah "pray the way you see me pray"

"Pray as you have seen me praying..." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Book 11, Hadith #604]
  • In Makkah and Medina they do 23
  • The four great imams pray 20 rakat, are you going to call them cursed innovators?

Hold fast to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly guided Khalifa (Caliphs)  [Bukhari & Muslim]
  • The prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said if there is going to be a prophet after me it would be Umar (RA).

Uqbah ibn Aamir (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “If there were to be a Prophet after me then he would be Umar ibn Al-Khattab.”  [Musnad Ahmad (4/154) No. 17441, Sunan Tirmidhi (5/619) No. 3686, Mustadrak al-Haakim (3/92) No. 4495]
  • When I was in Nigeria they did 13, South Africa did 20, Saudia Arabia - Makkah and Medina did 23 and some other small masjid did 8 rakat.
  • Those in the small community did not criticise those who did 8 rakat.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, when speaking about the matter of one who prays ten rak’ahs with the imam, then sits down and waits for Witr and does not complete the Taraaweeh prayers with the imam: It grieves us deeply that we find in the Muslim ummah a group which differs concerning matters in which differences of opinion are acceptable, and they take these differences as a means to cause division. Differences within the ummah existed at the time of the Sahaabah, yet they remained united. The youth in particular and to all those who are committed to Islam must remain united, because they have enemies who are laying in wait. Al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 4/225
  • When I came back to the UK, I saw some at others throats calling the ones who did 8 rakats lazy.
  • If someone wants to do 8 rakats, they should not be criticised each other.
  • A munafiq likes to use fiqh issues to divide the community of Muslims, must remain united.
  • A man may do 8 rakats because he has an appointment.
  • Another man might be able to do 20 rakats because he has time.
  • This is a matter of which differences of opinion you acceptable.
  • When the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) says "Pray as you see me praying" he means you should pray with your right hand over your left hand on the chest.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), when he stood up to pray, used to place his right hand on his left hand (Muslim, no. 401), and place them on his chest (Abu Dawood, no. 759; see also Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, 2/71). The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “We Prophets were commanded… to place our right hands on our left hands in prayer.”  (Reported by al-Tabaraani in al-Mu’jam al-Kabeer, no. 11485. Al-Haythami said: Al-Tabaraani reported it in al-Awsat and its men are the men of saheeh. Al-Majma’, 3/155).
  • If you put your hands somewhere else it means you do not know how to pray properly.
  • The prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) when he use to pray, he use to put his right hand over his left hand.

Ibn Khuzaymah (479), al-Bayhaqî (2/30), and Abû Dâwûd (759) relate the following from Tâ`ûs: “Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) used to place his right hand over his left and Place them on his chest while he was praying."
  • To pray with the right hand over the left hand under the navel, that is a weak hadith.
  • The Shia's pray with their hands on the side because their founder was

Ahmad (5/226) relates from Qubaydah b. Halab that his father said: “I saw the Prophet (peace be upon him) turn towards his left and right after finishing his prayers. I saw him place this on his chest” - whereby the narrator placed his right hand over his left at the wrist and placed them on his chest.
  • I reiterate this point because I've been to many masjids and have seen many people pray incorrectly.
  • However, if you don't put your hand on your chest your salah is still valid.
  • Because the salah is still acceptable, I did not approach the people at the masjid and ask them why they did not put their hands on their chest.
  • The four great imams said your salah is still acceptable.

  • The prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said in a famous hadith to fast so that you may become healthy.

On the authority of Abu Huraira (RA) that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “Take part in battles, and you will receive booty. Fast, and you will be healthy. Travel and you will find your sustenance.”  
[Al-Mu’jam al-Awsat al-Tabarani (8/174) No. 8312]
  • In London, they showed a documentary about a man who weighed 1 ton called the body shock.
  • A man ate and ate until his stomach stretched.

  • When you fast in Ramadan it shrinks your stomach.
  • I watched another documentary; the British police arrested a man because he was eating himself to death.

  • This man had the proda will syndrome - he came from East Sussex in England.
  • When you fast in Ramadan it shrinks your stomach.
  • Ramadan fights obesity.
  • They have a law in the UK that if you are at home eating and eating, they can lock you up jail and take you into custody to protect yourself because you are eating yourself to death.
  • Obesity is against the law in the UK.

Ibn Umar (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, “The believer eats in one intestine, while the disbeliever eats in seven intestines.’ [Al-Bukhari (5393) and Muslim (2061)]
  • The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said the kuffar eat with 7 intestine in the above hadith  

عن الحسن، أن عمر بن الخطاب، رضي الله عنه رأى رجلا عظيم البطن فقال: ما هذا؟ قال: بركة من الله، قال: بل عذاب

On the authority of al-Hassan that Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA) saw a man with a big belly and said, “What is this?!” The man replied, “This is Barakah (a blessing) from Allah.” Umar said. “No, it is a punishment from Allah!”  [Hadeeth Muhammad bin Abdullah al-Ansari (pg. 52) No. 42, Mu'jam al-Shuyookh al-Subki (pg. 531-532)]
  • Two types of obesity - clinically and morbidly obese.
  • Clinically obese means you are slightly overweight.
  • Morbidly obese means you are so fat you could hardly walk.
  • Ramadan fights against obesity, because fasting shrinks your stomach.

On the authority of Abu Huraira (RA) that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "Fast and you will be healthy".  [Related by Abu Naeem in 'al-Tibbun al-Nabawee' (1/236) No. 113]

  • Ramadan is the month of sabr.
  • Even though you feel hunger and thirst, you did not break your fast not even one minute before the time.
  • No Muslim should say "How is it possible for it to intercede"
  • A sincere muslim would never ask that question.
  • Why, because you are seeking to limit the power of Allah (SWT) by asking that question.

On the Day of Judgement, “Fasting will say: O My Lord I prevented him from food and desires so accept my intercession for him.”  [Ahmad, al-Haakim and Abu Nu'aim, Hasan]

'Abdullah ibn 'Amr reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW), said: "The fast and the Qur'an are two intercessors for the servant of Allah on the Day of Resurrection. The fast will say: 'O Lord, I prevented him from his food and desires during the day. Let me intercede for him.' The Qur'an will say: 'I prevented him from sleeping at night. Let me intercede for him.' And their intercession will be accepted."
[Musnad Ahmad (2/174) No. 6626, Mustadrak al-Haakim (1/740) No. 2036, Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (3/378) No. 1839]

  • Because you fast the same day with the rest of the ummah and you are not allowed to fast on a doubtful day.

'Ammar bin Yasir (RA) reported: "He who observes the fast on a doubtful day, has in fact disobeyed Abul-Qasim."  [Sunan Abu Dawud (2/300) No. 2334, Sunan Tirmidhi (3/70) No. 686, Sunan al-Nasa'i (4/153) No. 2188, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/561) No. 1645, Sunan al-Darime (2/5) No. 1682]
  • Why did Saudi say Shaban will be 30 days?
  • Because clouds blocked the moon.

Narrated Abdullah bin Umar: Allah's Apostle mentioned Ramadan and said, "Do not fast unless you see the crescent (of Ramadan), and do not give up fasting till you see the crescent (of Shawwal), but if the sky is overcast (if you cannot see it), then act on estimation (i.e. count Sha'ban as 30 days)."  (Sahih Al Bukhari Vol: 3 Book 31 Hadith 131)

Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with both of them) reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying in connection with Ramadan: Do not fast till you see the new moon, and do not break fast till you see it; but if the weather is cloudy calculate about it.  
(Bukhari: Vol: 3 Book 31 hadith: 130, Muslim: Book 6:  Chapter 2 Hadith 2363).
  • You fast in Ramadan with the rest of the muslims, it teaches you unity.

  • Because you invite your nearest and dearest into your homes to break the fast with you.

Zayd ibn Khalid Juhanni reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “If anyone gives to a person who is fasting something with which to break his fast then for him is an equivalent reward without the least being diminished from the reward of the fasting person”.  [Sunan Tirmidhi (3/171) No. 807, Musnad Ahmad (4/114) No. 17074, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/632) No. 1746]
  • If you feed a fasting person, you get the barakah.

  • Even though you feel the pains of hunger, you did not go hide in your room and eat.
  • Because you know that Allah (SWT) is the all seeing, the all hearing and all knowing and Allah (SWT) is everywhere (The knowledge of Allah is everywhere).
  • Allah (SWT) is not everywhere in person.
  • Because He is not in the toilet.

  • Only a real Muslim can cope with the difficulties in Ramadan.
  • When I was in Saudi Arabia, I was expecting to break I broke my fast at 6 pm in Saudi Arabia, but when I was in the UK they broke the fast at 9 pm.
  • I got the shock of my life because I had to fast three additional hours.
  • pm unexpectedly because it was my first time in the UK.
  • I felt the pains of hunger like never before.

  • You are able to change your routine.
  • You usually eat breakfast 8 am, lunch 1 pm and dinner 6. But in Ramadan you take suhor at 3 am and you do not eat again until 8 pm.

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "Take Suhur as there is a blessing in it."  
[Sahih Al Bukhari: Vol: 3 Book 31 Hadith 146} & (Bukhari: Vol: 3 Book 30 Chapter 20 Hadith: 1923) & Mulsim: (1095)]
  • Ramadan teaches flexibility.
  • If you wake up late and miss the suhur, your fast becomes very difficult.
  • Set your alarm so you can wake up for suhur.
  • If you are fasting for Ramadan and you find it too difficult, you are able to break your fast and make it up another day.
  • That one day that you missed.
  • If you are fasting for Ramadan and you forget that you are fasting, you still have your fast. Your fast is not broken.

Abu Huraira reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, “If anyone forgets and eats or drinks (by accident while he is fasting), he should complete his fast, for it is Allah who has fed him and given him drink.”  [Al-Bukhari (6669) and Muslim (1155)]
  • Allah (SWT) will not hold it against you.
  • It is Allah (SWT) who feed you.
  • Forgetfulness is not held against you.
  • Look how merciful Allah (SWT) is in the above hadith.

Ibn 'Abbas (RA) the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Verily Allah has pardoned [or been lenient with] for me my Ummah : their mistakes, their forgetfulness, and that which they have been forced to do under duress." [Sunan Ibn Majah (3/200) No. 2045, al-Mu’jam al-Kabir al-Tabarani (11/133) No. 11274, al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Bayhaqi (7/584) No. 15094, Sunan al-Daraqutni (5/300) No. 4351]
  • When the BBC was in Jamaica, the UK was freezing.
  • They whatsapp'd their friend and told them how warm it was.
  • They attended the paltalk study circle and I invited them to Islam.
  • They came for knowledge.
  • They ask to explain to them what is the personality of Allah (SWT).
  • We learned the personality of Allah from the 99 names and attributes.


  • When you make your intention you say:nawaytu an asoom youm gadan min shahr Ramadan
  • Say that 30 times for the 30 days of Ramadan.

Hadith related by Ibn `Umar on the authority of Hafsah (may Allah be pleased with them both) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who has not made the intention to fast before Fajr no Sawm counts for them. (Related by Imam Ahmad, the Compilers of the Sunan [Imams Abu Dawud, Al-Tirmidhy, Al-Nasa'y and Ibn Majah], Ibn Khuzaymah, and Ibn Hibban. The latter two Imams judged it to be authentically transmitted in the Marfu`)
  • Imam Malik (RH) says "I beg to differ - one intention is sufficient for the entire month of Ramadan.
  • But the correct opinion is 30 times for 30 days of Ramadan.
  • That is the jamhoor (the majority).
  • The Jamhoor is Abu Hanifa (RH), Shafi (RH), and Ahmed ibn Hanbal (RH).
  • The Dhaahiriyyah madhab is a 5 madhab - means the apparent meaning
  • Dhaahir:  The apparent meaning of the text.
  • They reject Qiyas.

  • Whenever Allah (SWT) says sawm, sawn is talking about fasting of Ramadan.
  • Siyam is fasting in general.
  • Example, fast of ashoora is the fast of Siyam, same for the fast of Dawud (AS), fast for breaking an oath to atone etc.

  • The breastfeeding woman or pregnant woman does not have to fast but can pay kafara (i.e. £100.) 
  • But if she is poor she doesn't have to pay anything.
  • When Ramadan finishes she doesn't have to make up the 30 days that she missed.
  • Ibn Abbas (RA) use to have slave girls that he impregnated and they use to miss Ramadan because of pregnancy
  • They did not have to make up the missed days.

Ibn Abbaas that he saw a slave-girl of his, pregnant or breast-feeding, so he said: ‘You are one of those who are unable, upon you is recompense and there is no atonement (qadaa) due upon you.” [insert takreej]
  • They slave girls only had to pay kafara.
  • This is called fiqh.
  • Those who tell women they have to make up the fast they missed, you are weak.

"Ibn 'Abbas used to say to his wives who were pregnant: 'You are in the same situation as those who can fast [but do not]. You are to pay the "ransom" and do not have to make up the days later.' " Of its chain, ad-Daraqutni says it is sahih. Fiqh-us-Sunnah 3.115

Nafi' reported that Ibn 'Umar was asked about a pregnant woman who feared for her unborn baby. He replied: "She is to break the fast and to feed one poor person a day one madd of barley."