Wednesday, June 25, 2014

(Notes) Tafsir Surah Anfal (5): ISLAM WIPES OUT WHAT CAME BEFORE

by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
06.23.2014 / 25th Shaaban 1435

NOTES typed LIVE by AT-19
Edited and Formatted by AT-5


بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ


قُلْ لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِنْ يَنْتَهُوا يُغْفَرْ لَهُمْ مَا قَدْ سَلَفَ وَإِنْ يَعُودُوا فَقَدْ مَضَتْ سُنَّتُ الْأَوَّلِينَ

Say to those who have disbelieved, if they cease (from disbelief) their past will be forgiven. But if they return (thereto), then the examples of those (punished) before them have already preceded (as a warning). (Al-Anfal 8:38)

What is the meaning of this verse?
- it means if you were a kaafir and embrace Islam,
- Allah will not hold you accountable for the haram things you did when you were a kaafir
- because you were given a clean slate
- when you take your shahadah, all the good things you did when you were a kaafir,
- you shall be rewarded for those good things
- all the bad things you did before taking our shahadah,
- you will not be held accountable

Ibn Shamasa narrated Amr ibn al-Aas said: “When Allah put the love of Islam into my heart, I came to the Prophet (SAW) to pledge my allegiance to him. He stretched out his hand towards me, but I said, ‘I will not pledge allegiance to you, O Messenger of Allah, until you forgive me my previous sins.’ The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said to me, ‘O ‘Amr, do you not know that Islam wipes out whatever sins came before it.’” [Musnad Ahmad (4/205) No. 17861, Sahih Muslim (1/112) No. 121]

Narrated Ibn Mas'ud: A man said, "O Messenger of Allah (SAW)! Shall we be punished for what we did in Jahiliyyah (before Islam)? The Prophet (SAW) said: He who becomes good in his Islam, will not be punished for what he has committed during Jahiliyyah. He who becomes bad in his Islam, will face a punishment for his previous and latter deeds. [al-Bukhari (6921) and Muslim (120)]

Allah forgives all sins, even shirk
As long as you make your taubah before you die

Say: "O 'Ibadi (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah, verily Allah forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Az-Zumar 39:53)

- because of the above verse, no Muslim is allowed to give up on the mercy of Allah
- the gates of taubah remain open until the day of judgement
- and the Prophet (SAW) said Allah accepts your taubah before the death rattles

Ibn Umar reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, “Indeed, Allah accepts repentance of His slave as long as he does not gasp for last breaths.” [Musnad Ahmad (2/132) No. 6160, Sunan Tirmidhi (5/547) No. 3537, Sunan Ibn Majah (5/322) No. 4253, Musnad Abu Ya'la (10/81) No. 5717, Sahih Ibn Hibban (2/394) No. 628, Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (9/281) No. 6661]

Abu Sa'eed (RA) narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Shaytan said, 'By Your Might, O Lord! I will go on luring Your servants as long as their souls are still in their bodies.' The Lord said, 'By My Might and Majesty! I will keep forgiving them, as long as they keep invoking Me for forgiveness.'" [Musnad Ahmad (3/29) No. 11255 and Mustadrak al-Haakim (4/290) No. 7672]

- If a person should die in a state of kufr and shirk, there is no hope for that person

Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him in worship, but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases, and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin. (An-Nisa 4:48)

- the above mentioned ayah says; if you die in a state of shirk you have no hope

If a relative dies in a state of shirk, a Muslim cannot seek forgiveness for them
- even if it is their mother or father, brother or sister etc.

It is not (proper) for the Prophet and those who believe to ask Allah's Forgiveness for the Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) even though they be of kin, after it has become clear to them that they are the dwellers of the Fire (because they died in a state of disbelief). (At-Tawbah 9:113)

Narrated Sa'eed ibn al-Musayyib from his father: When Abu Talib's death approached, the Prophet (SAW) went to him while Abu Jahl and 'Abdullah bin Abi Umaiya were present with him. The Prophet (SAW) said, "O uncle, say: None has the right to be worshipped except Allah, so that I may argue for your case with it before Allah." On that, Abu Jahl and 'Abdullah bin Abu Umaiya said, "O Abu Talib! Do you want to renounce 'Abdul Muttalib's religion?" Then the Prophet said, "I will keep on asking (Allah for) forgiveness for you unless I am forbidden to do so." Then the following was revealed:-- 'It is not fitting for the Prophet and those who believe that they should invoke (Allah) for forgiveness for pagans even though they be of kin, after it has become clear to them that they are companions of the Fire.' (9:113) [al-Bukhari (4675) and Muslim (24)]

Narrated Abu Hurairah (RA): The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “I asked my Lord for permission to pray for forgiveness for my mother, but He did not give me permission. And I asked Him for permission to visit her grave, and He gave me permission.” [Sahih Muslim (2/671) No. 976]

If you have a mother, father, brother or sister who died as a Christian, Jew etc.
- you cannot pray for them because they have died in a state of shirk
- the reason for that is stated in Surah 3:85

And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers. (Aali Imran 3:85)

- the only religion Allah will accept is Islam


وَقَاتِلُوهُمْ حَتَّى لَا تَكُونَ فِتْنَةٌ وَيَكُونَ الدِّينُ كُلُّهُ لِلَّهِ فَإِنِ انْتَهَوْا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ

And fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and polytheism: i.e. worshipping others besides Allah) and the religion (worship) will all be for Allah Alone [in the whole of the world[]]. But if they cease (worshipping others besides Allah), then certainly, Allah is All-Seer of what they do. (Al-Anfal 8:39)

The above mentioned verse Allah said fight them until there is no more fitna
- all the scholars of Islam say fitna means shirk

Ad-Dahhak reported that Ibn Abbas said about the Ayah, وَقَاتِلُوهُمْ حَتَّى لاَ تَكُونَ فِتْنَةٌ (And fight them until there is no more Fitnah...), "So that there is no more Shirk." [Tafseer Ibn Abi Hatim (5/1701) No. 9073 and Tafseer Ibn Katheer (4/56)]

Allah is saying fight them until Allah is worshipped all over the world
- Allah is saying fight them until there is no more shirk
- Shirk is a cancer
- Fight them until Allah alone is worshipped in the land
- Allah is saying this in plain and simple language

Fight against those who (1) believe not in Allah, (2) nor in the Last Day, (3) nor forbid that which has been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger (4) and those who acknowledge not the religion of truth (i.e. Islam) among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), until they pay the Jizyah[] with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued. (At-Tawbah 9:29)

Allah commanded you to fight them again in the above ayah
- they (Christians) do not forbid what Allah has forbidden,
- that is why they have gay churches

Then when the Sacred Months (the 1st, 7th, 11th, and 12th months of the Islamic calendar) have passed, then kill the Mushrikun (see V.2:105) wherever you find them, and capture them and besiege them, and prepare for them each and every ambush. But if they repent and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakat, then leave their way free. Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (At-Tawbah 9:5)

Officially, the verse of the sword is the above ayah
- many scholars say 9:5 abrogates 109:6

"To you be your religion, and to me my religion (Islamic Monotheism)." (Al-Kafirun 109:6)


Abu Hurairah (RA) reported: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "Do not wish for an encounter with the enemy. Pray to Allah to grant you safety; (but) when you encounter them, show patience." [al-Bukhari (3026) and Muslim (1741)]

According to the jamhoor (majority); Abu Hanifa, Malik and Ahmad ibn Hanbal,
- if you establish an Islamic State, you are not allowed to attack a neighbouring state,
- unless you have evidence that they are plotting to attack you
- Imam Shafi’i differed from the jamhoor
- Imam Shafi’i said the original relationship between the Muslim and kuffaar is all out war
- and Imam Shafi’i used the verse of the sword (9:5) for his opinion as evidence
- the correct opinion is the opinion of the jamhoor
- that you are not allowed to attack a nation unless you have hard evidence
- to prove that they are plotting to attack you
- because of the hadith; do not wish to come face to face with the enemy
- the verse of the sword is talking about those who are plotting to attack you
- we are not going to refute the ayah, we are going to refute your understanding of the ayah

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that the Messenger of Allah (SAW), said, "Two deens shall not co-exist in the Arabian Peninsula." Malik said that Ibn Shihab said, ''Umar ibn al-Khattab searched for information about that until he was absolutely convinced that the Messenger of Allah (SAW), had said, 'Two deens shall not co-exist in the Arabian Peninsula,' and he therefore expelled the Jews from Khaybar." [Muwatta Malik (2/63) No. 1862 and Bayhaqi in 'Sunan al-Kubra' (9/350) No. 18751]

The verse of the sword is talking about the pagans who are living outside the Arabian Peninsula who are plotting to kill Muslims
- like the Iranian army - they are pagans

In the world today, there are three daars (abode):

- a land of the kuffaar that are not plotting to kill Muslim.
- The verse of the sword (9:5) is not applicable to them

- the land of the kuffaar that are plotting to kill Muslims
- or are already killing Muslims or they lock up innocent Muslims
- maybe they do not kill Muslims, but they lock up innocent Muslims

...And Al-Fitnah is worse than killing... (Al-Baqarah 2:191)

In the above ayah, Allah says oppression is worse than slaughter
The verse of the sword is applicable to Darul Harb

- the land where shari’ah is implemented
- the verse of the sword is not applicable in Darul Islam
- whenever the ameer calls for jihad, you have to obey the ameer
- even if he is a sinner i.e. drinks alcohol or he has a girlfriend

Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: On the day of the Conquest (of Mecca) the Prophet (SAW) said, "There is no emigration after the Conquest but Jihad and intentions. When you are called (by the Muslim ruler) for fighting, go forth immediately." [al-Bukhari (2825) and Muslim (1353)]

Narrated Abu Hurayrah: The Prophet (SAW) said: Striving in the path of Allah (jihad) is incumbent on you along with every ruler, whether he is pious or impious; the prayer is obligatory on you behind every believer, pious or impious, even if he commits grave sins; the (funeral) prayer is incumbent upon every Muslim, pious and impious, even if he commits major sins. [Sunan Abu Dawud (3/18) No. 2533] (Daeef)

Ibn Umar (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, ‘It is incumbent on a Muslim person to listen and obey whether he likes it or hates it as long as he is not commanded to commit sin. If he is given command to sin then he must neither listen nor obey.” [al-Bukhari (6725) and Muslim (1839)]

Abu Bakrah Ath-Thaqafi (RA) reported: The Prophet (SAW) said: "When two Muslims are engaged in a combat against each other with their sword's and one is killed, both are doomed to Hell". I said, "O Messenger of Allah! As to the one who kills, it is understandable, but why the slain one?" He (SAW) replied: "He was eager to kill his opponent." [al-Bukhari (31) and Muslim (2888)]

Related on the authority of Thawban that the Prophet (SAW) said: “If you see the black banners coming from the direction of Khurasan, then go to them, even if you have to crawl, because among them will be Allah’s Caliph the Mahdi. [Mustadrak al-Haakim (4/547) No. 8531 and Musnad Ahmad (5/277) No. 22441 - Classified Daeef (Weak) by ibnul Qayyim in "al-Manaar al-Maneef" (1/149) No. 340 and ibn al-Jawzi in "al-Mawdoo'at" (2/39)]

On the authority of Thawban that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Three people will fight over your treasure. All three will be sons of Khulafa (kings). This will not come into the hands of any of them. Then black flags will appear in the east. They will fight with you in a way that nobody has fought with you before.” Then the Prophet (SAW) said something. Then he said: “When you see them then give the pledge of allegiance to them even if you have to crawl over snow to reach them. Because he will be Allah’s Khalifa Mahdi.” [Sunan Ibn Majah (5/211) No. 4084, Mustadrak al-Haakim (4/510) No. 8432, Musnad al-Bazzar (10/100) No. 4163, Dala'il al-Nubuwwah al-Bayhaqi (6/515), Tarikh Dimashiq Ibn Asakir (32/281) No. 6678, Haakim and adh-Dhahabi graded this hadith Sahih on the conditions of Bukhari and Muslim]

You have lived to see the hadith about the black flags come to pass, that is ISIS


- however if the kuffaar kill your women and children; you are allowed to kill their women and children

The sacred month is for the sacred month, and for the prohibited things, there is the Law of Equality (Qisas). Then whoever transgresses the prohibition against you, you transgress likewise against him. And fear Allah, and know that Allah is with Al-Muttaqun (the pious - see V.2:2). (Al-Baqarah 2:194)


Anyone that cannot handle the fatwa of Uthaymeen, it means that you have a disease of hypocrisy in your heart

- however you are allowed to use whatever weapons they use against you; on them
- the hujjah is 16:126; it does not get clearer than that

And if you punish (your enemy, O you believers in the Oneness of Allah), then punish them with the like of that with which you were afflicted. But if you endure patiently, verily, it is better for As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.). (An-Nahl 16:126)

- and to break down all the tombs of the grave worshippers
- Cut off the hands of the thieves...

Those (Muslim rulers) who, if We give them power in the land, (they) order for Iqamat-as-Salat. [i.e. to perform the five compulsory congregational Salat (prayers) (the males in mosques)], to pay the Zakat and they enjoin Al-Ma'ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and forbid Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism and all that Islam has forbidden) [i.e. they make the Qur'an as the law of their country in all the spheres of life]. And with Allah rests the end of (all) matters (of creatures). (Al-Hajj 22:41)

- because Allah gave you that commandment in 2:190

And fight in the Way of Allah those who fight you, but transgress not the limits. Truly, Allah likes not the transgressors. [This Verse is the first one that was revealed in connection with Jihad, but it was supplemented by another (V.9:36)]. (Al-Baqarah 2:190)

You have seen videos of ISIS killing people by the thousands?
- that is because those people fought against the shari’ah
- that means they had become apostates


It is not for a Prophet that he should have prisoners of war (and free them with ransom) until he had made a great slaughter (among his enemies) in the land. You desire the good of this world (i.e. the money of ransom for freeing the captives), but Allah desires (for you) the Hereafter. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (Al-Anfal 8:67)

Why take captives? Who will feed them, watch over them... Captives slow you down.
- the Prophet (SAW) was corrected by Allah in 8:67 regarding taking captives

...The Muslims that day (i. e. the day of the Battle of Badr) killed seventy persons and captured seventy. The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said to Abu Bakr and 'Umar (Allah be pleased with them): What is your opinion about these captives? Abu Bakr said: They are our kith and kin. I think you should release them after getting from them a ransom. This will be a source of strength to us against the infidels. It is quite possible that Allah may guide them to Islam. Then the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: What is your opinion. Ibn Khattab? He said: Messenger of Allah. I do not hold the same opinion as Abu Bakr. I am of the opinion that you should hand them over to us so that we may cut off their heads. Hand over 'Aqil to 'Ali that he may cut off his head, and hand over such and such relative to me that I may but off his head. They are leaders of the disbelievers and veterans among them. The Messenger of Allah (SAW) approved the opinion of Abu Bakr and did not approve what I said The next day when I came to the Messenger of Allah (SAW), I found that both he and Abu Bakr were sitting shedding tears. I said: Messenger of Allah, why are you and your Companion shedding tears? Tell me the reason. For I will weep ate, if not, I will at least pretend to weep in sympathy with you. The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: I weep for what has happened to your companions for taking ransom (from the prisoners). I was shown the torture to which they were subjected. It was brought to me as close as this tree. (He pointed to a tree close to him.) Then God revealed the verse:" It is not befitting for a prophet that he should take prisoners until the force of the disbelievers has been crushed..." to the end of the verse:" so eat ye the spoils of war, (it is) lawful and pure. So Allah made booty lawful for them." [Sahih Muslim (3/1383-1385) No. 1763]

- you are not allowed to let one of them get away
- the Muslims at the battle of Uhud did not practice this
- they saw Quraish running away and they allowed them to run away
- and the Muslims ran for the booty
- he who fights and runaway will live to fight another day
- this is why you have to catch them and kill them
- do not take captives - kill them
- the only time you are allowed to take captives is when you have captured the entire country
- then you can capture them

ISIS is effective, ISIS is more effective than al-Qaeda
- because they have more scholars in their group
- Al-Qaeda is too soft - that's why they are history.
- they did not have enough scholars to advise them
- ISIS understands the rules of engagement

- Al-Jazouli is the scholar ISIS gets their fatwa from
- his videos are all over the internet
- Al-Jazouli is Sudanese scholar with a doctorate degree - he has the correct aqeedah
- He has more knowledge than Shaikh Faisal and Anwar Al-Awlaki put together
- Sulaiman al-Ulwaan is in prison; ISIS used to take advice from him
- Sulaiman al-Ulwaan's fatwas he passed before he went to prison are still valid

ISIS has territory as big a France, you cannot call them terrorists
- the BBC expert cannot call them terrorist
- because they formed a government wherever they go


وَإِنْ تَوَلَّوْا فَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ مَوْلَاكُمْ نِعْمَ الْمَوْلَى وَنِعْمَ النَّصِيرُ

And if they turn away, then know that Allah is your Maula (Patron, Lord, Protector and Supporter, etc.), (what) an Excellent Maula, and (what) an Excellent Helper! (Al-Anfal 8:40)

Meaning if they stop fighting you, then you can spare their lives
- when people surrender, it's left up to the ameer on the battlefield
- to spare their lives or to kill them
- the majority of the scholars will say to you,
- if they put up the white flag to surrender,
- you can spare their lives if they take their shahadah
- an example of this is the hadith about Usama killing the man,
- even after he said shahadah

Usama ibn Zayd said, "The Messenger of Allah (SAW) sent us to al-Huraqa, a sub-tribe of Juhayna, and we came upon the people in the morning at their springs. A man of the Ansar and I overtook one of their men. When we descended on him, he said, 'There is no god but Allah.' The Ansari held back from him, but I stabbed him with my spear until I had killed him. When we arrived in Madina, that reached the Prophet and he said, 'O Usama, did you kill him after he had said, "There is no god but Allah"?' I said, 'Messenger of Allah, he was only trying to save himself.' He said, 'Did you kill him after he had said, "There is no god but Allah"?' He continued to repeat it to me until I wished that I had not become Muslim until that day." [al-Bukhari (6872) and Muslim (96)]
In one variant in Muslim, "The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, 'Did he say, "There is no god but Allah" and yet you still killed him?' I said, 'Messenger of Allah, he only said it out of fear of our weapons.' He said, 'Did you then split open his heart so that you know whether he truly meant it when he said it or not?' He continued to repeat it until I wished that I had only become Muslim on that day."

- so when they put up the white flag and take their shahadah,
- you have to accept it from them
- this is the rule of engagement

On the authority of Abdullah ibn Umar (RA), that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “I have been ordered to fight against the people until they testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and until they establish the salah and pay the zakat. And if they do that then they will have gained protection from me for their lives and property, unless [they commit acts that are punishable] in Islam, and their reckoning will be with Allah.” [al-Bukhari (25) and Muslim (22)]


وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا غَنِمْتُمْ مِنْ شَيْءٍ فَأَنَّ لِلَّهِ خُمُسَهُ وَلِلرَّسُولِ وَلِذِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْيَتَامَى وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ آمَنْتُمْ بِاللَّهِ وَمَا أَنْزَلْنَا عَلَى عَبْدِنَا يَوْمَ الْفُرْقَانِ يَوْمَ الْتَقَى الْجَمْعَانِ وَاللَّهُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

And know that whatever of war-booty that you may gain, verily one-fifth (1/5th) of it is assigned to Allah, and to the Messenger, and to the near relatives [of the Messenger (Muhammad SAW)], (and also) the orphans, Al-Masakin (the poor) and the wayfarer, if you have believed in Allah and in that which We sent down to Our slave (Muhammad SAW) on the Day of criterion (between right and wrong), the Day when the two forces met (the battle of Badr) - And Allah is Able to do all things. (Al-Anfal 8:41)

Ali bin Abi Talhah and Al-Awfi reported that Ibn Abbas said about Allah's statement, ...if you have believed in Allah and in that which We sent down to Our slave (Muhammad SAW) on the Day of criterion (between right and wrong), the Day when the two forces met... (Al-Anfal 8:41) "Badr is Yawm Al-Furqan; during it, Allah separated between truth and falsehood." [Mustadrak al-Haakim (3/25) No. 4307]

The battle of Badr is call the battle of furqan - the day of criterion (17 Ramadhan 2 AH)

- booty is the spoils of war obtained by fighting or by fright
- when the kuffar left their Humvee and weapons behind,
- that is booty that was obtained by the mujahideen because of fight or fright

But the wealth of the kuffar that is obtained by deception of theft is called fay
- stealing is halal if you steal from a person who is Harbi
- harbi is a person who is at war with the Muslims
- the harbi attacks Islam with his pen, tongue or hands

In "Fatawa al-Subki (2/283)" (Shafi'i) the author narrates the opinion of two of the most prominent Imam’s of the Shafi'i School: Imam al-Ghazali and Imam al-Rafi'i. He says: "Al-Ghazali said that if a Muslim steals money from the disbelievers then the entire amount becomes his property and the one-fifth is not taken from it.
Al-Rafi'i adopts the opinion that the thief owns four-fifths of it just like all money of ghanīmah."

Imam Ibn Taymiyyah states in "al-Fatawa (29/224)" that if a Muslim enters dar al-harb: "and kidnaps disbelievers or their children, or overpowers them in any way, then the souls and the wealth of the disbelievers are halal for the Muslims."

Abu Huraira reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: I have been given superiority over the other prophets in six respects: I have been given words which are concise but comprehensive in meaning; I have been helped by terror (in the hearts of enemies): spoils have been made lawful to me: the earth has been made for me clean and a place of worship; I have been sent to all mankind and the line of prophets is closed with me. [Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Hadith #1062]

Ibn Umar narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "I was sent by the sword from now until Judgment Day, until Allah Alone is worshipped with no partners, and my livelihood is in the shadow of my spear, and humiliation and submission are on those who disobey me and whoever imitates a people is one of them" [Musnad Ahmad (2/50) No. 5115, Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (2/417) No. 1154, Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah (4/212) No. 19401]

Whenever you capture booty one-fifth belongs to the Ameer
- there is no rasool on the face of the earth now, so the 1/5 goes to the ameer
- if you kill a kaafir and he has a Rolex watch, you have to give it to the ameer
- it is considered part of the booty
- the evidence for that is 3:161

It is not for any Prophet to take illegally a part of booty (Ghulul), and whosoever deceives his companions as regards the booty, he shall bring forth on the Day of Resurrection that which he took (illegally). Then every person shall be paid in full what he has earned, - and they shall not be dealt with unjustly. (Aali Imran 3:161)

The ameer can choose any part of the booty that he is impressed with and take it for himself
- this ayah says whatever you get from the kaafir, you have to give it to the ameer
- and the ameer will distribute it according to his conscience

Ibn Abbas narrated that; the Messenger of Allah (SAW) chose a sword called 'Dhul-Fiqar' on the day of Badr. [Musnad Ahamd (1/271) No. 2445, Sunan Tirmidhi (4/130-131) No. 1561 and Sunan Ibn Majah (4/88) No. 2808]

Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: A delegation of the tribe of 'Abdul Qais came to the Prophet (SAW) and said, "O Allah's Messenger (SAW)! We are from the tribe of Rabi'a, and the infidels of the tribe of Mudar stands between us and you; so we cannot come to you except during the Sacred Months. Please order us to do something (religious deeds) which we may carry out and also invite to it our people whom we have left behind." The Prophet said, "I order you to do four things and forbid you four others: (I order you) to have faith in Allah, and confess that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, (and the Prophet (SAW) gestured with his hand like this (i.e. one knot) and to offer prayers perfectly and to pay the Zakat, and to pay one-fifth of the booty in Allah's Cause. And I forbid you to use Dubba', Hantam, Naqir and Muzaffat (all these are the names of utensils used for preparing alcoholic drinks)." [al-Bukhari (1398) and Muslim (17)]