Thursday, June 12, 2014

(Notes) Tafsir Surah Hadeed (2): Allah is Above the Arsh



9 June 2014
Notes taken by AT16
Edited by Abu Hafiza & AT6


هُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ فِي سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ ثُمَّ اسْتَوَىٰ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ ۚ يَعْلَمُ مَا يَلِجُ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَمَا يَخْرُجُ مِنْهَا وَمَا يَنزِلُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ وَمَا يَعْرُجُ فِيهَا ۖ وَهُوَ مَعَكُمْ أَيْنَ مَا كُنتُمْ ۚ وَاللَّـهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ ﴿٤﴾

He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six Days and then Istawa (rose over) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). He knows what goes into the earth and what comes forth from it, what descends from the heaven and what ascends thereto. And He is with you (by His Knowledge) wheresoever's you may be. And Allah is the All-Seer of what you do. (Al-Hadid 57:4)

Abu Haraira reported that Allah's Messenger (SAW) took hold of my hands and said: "Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, created the clay on Saturday and He created the mountains on Sunday and He created the trees on Monday and He created the things entailing labour on Tuesday and created light on Wednesday and lie caused the animals to spread on Thursday and created Adam (AS) after 'Asr on Friday; the last creation at the last hour of the hours of Friday, i. e. between afternoon and night." [Sahih Muslim (4/2149) No. 2789]

Narrated By Abu Huraira: I heard the Prophet saying, "None of you should fast on Friday unless he fasts a day before or after it." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 3, Book 31, Hadith #206]

Imam Ahmad recorded that Aws bin Aws Ath-Thaqafi, may Allah be pleased with him, said: "The Messenger of Allah said: (One of the best of your days is Friday; on this day Adam was created and died, on this day the Trumpet (Sur) will be blown and all will have swoon away '' [Ahmad4:8] This was also recorded by Abu Dawud1:653, An-Nasa'i 3:91and Ibn Majah 1:524, and it was graded Sahih by Ibn Khuzaymah 1:318, Ibn Hibban 2:132, Ad-Daraqutni and An-Nawawi 97 in Al-Adhkar.

Abu Haneefah (rh) said, when asked of his opinion of the one who says, ‘I do not know whether Allah is above the heavens or on the earth.’ - “He has disbelieved, because Allah says, “The Most Merciful rose above the Throne,” and His Throne is above His seven heavens.’ He was then asked, ‘what if he said that Allah is above His Throne but he does not know whether the Throne is in the heavens or on the earth?’ He said, ‘He has disbelieved, because He has denied that He is above the heavens, And whosoever denied that He is above the heavens has disbelieved.” (‘Sharh Usul I'tiqaad Ahlus Sunnah’ of al-Laalikaaee (d.414AH), ‘al-Uluww’ of adh- Dhahabee, also ‘Sharh Aqueedah at-Tahaawiyyah’ of ibn Abee al-Izz al-Hanafee)

Ja'far Ibn Abdullah narrated: We were with Malik Ibn Anas when a man came to him and said: “O Abu Abdullah (Allah said) 'Ar-Rahman upon the Throne Istawa' (20:5), how was His Istiwa? Imam Malik inclined his head and was silent until the sweat of fever covered his brow, then he looked up and said: "Istiwa is not unknown, the Kayf (how) is uncomprehendable, believing in it is wajib (obligatory), and asking about it is bid'ah (innovation), and I do not think that you are anything but an innovator." Then he ordered that the man be expelled. [Abu-Naeem Al-Asbahani in 'Hilyatul-Awliya wa Tabaqat Al-Asfiya' (Vol. 6, pg. 325-326)]

- The Sufis are offended if you ask "where is Allah (SWT)" but the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) asked a slave girl the same question

it is narrated that the companion Mu`awiyah ibn al-Hakam, (RA) slapped his servant girl who used to tend his sheep, and as a result went to the Prophet (SAWS) and asked what should be done as an atonement for having slapped her. The Prophet replied, "Bring her to me" so Mu`awiyah brought her to the Prophet. The Prophet then asked her, "Where is Allah?" and she replied "Above the Sky" then the Prophet asked her, "Who am I?" and she replied, "You are Allah’s Messenger", so the Prophet said, "Free her, for verily she is a true believer." [Sahih Muslim (1/381) No. 537]

- The Sufis believe in ‘wahdat al wujud’; that a man can become pious until he becomes one with Allah (SWT)

- In Arabic it is ‘Wahdat al Wujud’, in English it is "Union"

- Its the unification between Allah (SWT) the Creator and man the creation, and when this takes place

- Every Sufi believes Allah (SWT) is everywhere

- Their argument is that we are trying to put a limit on Allah (SWT)

- You should remind them the above hadith
- This is how you checkmate a Sufi, its impossible for them to refute the hadith

- They try to refute it by saying, when the slave girl pointed her finger, they say she meant "Allah (SWT) is not one of the 360 idols that were inside the Kaba"

- Since they try to refute the hadith of the slave girl, you should bring the hadith of Mustadrak al Hakim

“Anas (RA) says, “I went into the presence of Aishah (RA) whilst someone else was seated with her. The person asked, ‘O Mother of the believers, relate to us regarding earthquakes (as to their cause)’ She turned her face away. I (Anas) asked her, ‘Relate to us regarding earthquakes, O Mother of the believers!’ She said, “O Anas, if I were to inform you thereof, you will live a sorrowful life and you will die in this state of grief and you will be raised on the Day of Judgement whilst this fear is in your heart.” I said, “O Mother, relate to me.” She then said, “When a woman removes her clothes in a house other than her husbands (an indication towards adultery), she tears the veil between her and Allah. When she applies perfume to please a male other than her husband, this will be a source of fire and a blemish for her. When the people then begin to commit adultery, consume alcohol and use musical instruments, Allah becomes enraged above the heavens and orders the Earth to shake them.
If they repent and refrain, then it is good for them, otherwise Allah will cause it to fall upon them.” I asked, “Is this their punishment?” She said, “It is rather a mercy, means of blessings and admonishment for the believers, and a punishment, display of anger and torment for the unbelievers.” [Mustadrak al-Haakim (4/561) No. 8575 and Kitab Al-Fitan (2/619) No. 1729]

Zainab used to boast before the wives of the Prophet and used to say, "You were given in marriage by your families, while I was married (to the Prophet) by Allah from over seven Heavens." And Thabit recited, "The Verse: 'But (O Muhammad) you did hide in your heart that which Allah was about to make manifest, you did fear the people,' (33.37) was revealed in connection with Zainab and Zaid bin Haritha." [Sahih Bukhari (9/125) No. 7421]

Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an surah Qaf verse 38

And indeed We created the heavens and the earth and all between them in six Days and nothing of fatigue touched Us. (Qaf 50:38)

It will be a sign between me and the Israelites forever, for in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day he rested and was refreshed.'" (Exodus 31:17)


لَّهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ وَإِلَى اللَّـهِ تُرْجَعُ الْأُمُورُ ﴿٥﴾

His is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. And to Allah return all the matters (for decision). (Al-Hadid 57:5)

- This means if you have a dispute between yourselves as Muslims you should always refer the matter to Quran and Sunnah

- If you did not find the answer there, look in the Hadith

- We will always have disputes in regards to aqeeda and fiqh

Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an surah An Nisa verse 59

O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad SAW), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger (SAW), if you believe in Allah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination. (An-Nisa 4:59)

Narrated By Abu Huraira: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Allah will hold the whole earth, and roll all the heavens up in His Right Hand, and then He will say, 'I am the King; where are the kings of the earth?'" [Al-Bukhari (7382) and Muslim (2787)]

- Is Kingship allowed in Islam? Is the leadership of a king legitimate?

- If a person is a king can you topple him?

- Those who don't allow kingship they quote Surah 27:34

Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an surah An Naml verse 34

She said: "Verily! Kings, when they enter a town (country), they despoil it, and make the most honourable amongst its people low. And thus they do. (An-Naml 27:34)

- If a king governs with Sharia, his rule is legitimate

- Because the prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said "don't topple the leader until you see clear Kufr"

On the authority of Ubada bin As-Samit the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “…topple the leader if you see clear kufr…” [Al-Bukhari (7056) and Muslim (1709)]

- Kingship is not Kufr it’s only Ma’siya, it's a sin
- Muawiya was a king and he governed with Sharia

- Umar ibn Abdul Aziz, he was a king part of the Umayad Dynasty, when he died he was mourned because he was a righteous king

- Haroon Ar Rasheed, he was very pious, he did Jihad one year and next year Haj. this was his format until he died. He conquered so many territories, when he sees the rain clouds he would say "fall wherever you want to fall because your harvest will come to my palace"

- Ma'moon was his son, he was affected with the fitna of the Mutazila. Why didn’t Ahmad Ibn Hanbal make takfir on him?

1- He practised al wala wal bara,

2- He did jihad

3- He implemented the sharia

- What is the Hukm on kingship? The governorship of a king is legitimate if he implements the sharia

- Like Muawiya, Umar ibn Abdul Aziz (RA), and Haroon ar Rashid

- Those were pious kings

- Umar ibn Abdul Aziz’s (RA) great grandfather was Umar ibn al Khattab (RA)


يُولِجُ اللَّيْلَ فِي النَّهَارِ وَيُولِجُ النَّهَارَ فِي اللَّيْلِ ۚ وَهُوَ عَلِيمٌ بِذَاتِ الصُّدُورِ ﴿٦﴾

He merges night into day (i.e. the decrease in the hours of the night is added into the hours of the day), and merges day into night (i.e. the decrease in the hours of the day is added into the hours of the night), and He has full knowledge of whatsoever is in the breasts. (Al-Hadid 57:6)

Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an surah Aali Imran verse 190

Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding. (Aali Imran 3:190)

- The alternation of night and day is one of the signs that Allah (SWT) exists and governs the universe and when you debate an atheist, this is one of the arguments you should use.

He merges night into day (i.e. the decrease in the hours of the night is added into the hours of the day), and merges day into night (i.e. the decrease in the hours of the day is added into the hours of the night), and He has full knowledge of whatsoever is in the breasts. (Al-Hadid 57:6)

- A Shia doing Taqiyah, is not allowed to do something: wudu

- A Shia who is practicing taqiya, is not allowed to practice taqiyah with wudu.

- They have to perform wudu like the Shiites, they wet their hands and wipe over the naked skin of their feet.

- In the UK many men proposed to Muslim girls and married them.

- Hubal is the biggest idol inside the Kaba before the advent of Islam

- The new Hubal is the British passport

- Lat is the American passport, Uzza is the Canadian passport

- Many Muslim girls living in UK USA, Canada, Muslim men come and propose to them and marry them and have children. When they get these passports they dump them and move on

- If you need to get something off your chest, you confide with your confidant

- The prophet PBUH confided in Hudhaifa ibn Yamaan, and he didn't betray him

- There are a lot of hypocrites on the internet, be careful

- They are not like Hudhaifa, they don't have the Iman of the sahabahs

- They copy and paste conversations


آمِنُوا بِاللَّـهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَأَنفِقُوا مِمَّا جَعَلَكُم مُّسْتَخْلَفِينَ فِيهِ ۖ فَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنكُمْ وَأَنفَقُوا لَهُمْ أَجْرٌ كَبِيرٌ ﴿٧﴾

Believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW), and spend of that whereof He has made you trustees. And such of you as believe and spend (in Allah's Way), theirs will be a great reward. (Al-Hadid 57:7)

- Shahada is not just to believe in Allah (SWT), it is also to testify that Muhammad is the last messenger.

- Shahada is also to reject the taghoot - "la ilaha"

- Its comprised of negation and affirmation

- You can't be a Muslim until you reject the taghoot

Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an surah Al Baqarah verse 256

There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower. (Al-Baqarah 2:256)

- Taghoot is false deities

- Taghoot is also the Kafir Armies

Umar said, “al-Jibt is magic, and the Taghoot is the Shaitan.” [Sahih Bukhari (6/45)]

Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an surah An Nisa verse 76

Those who believe, fight in the Cause of Allah, and those who disbelieve, fight in the cause of Taghut (Satan, etc.). So fight you against the friends of Shaitan (Satan); Ever feeble indeed is the plot of Shaitan (Satan). (An-Nisa 4:76)

- Taghoot is the Kafir courthouse

Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an surah An Nisa verse 60

Have you seen those (hyprocrites) who claim that they believe in that which has been sent down to you, and that which was sent down before you, and they wish to go for judgement (in their disputes) to the Taghut (false judges, etc.) while they have been ordered to reject them. But Shaitan (Satan) wishes to lead them far astray. (An-Nisa 4:60)


وَمَا لَكُمْ لَا تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّـهِ ۙ وَالرَّسُولُ يَدْعُوكُمْ لِتُؤْمِنُوا بِرَبِّكُمْ وَقَدْ أَخَذَ مِيثَاقَكُمْ إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ ﴿٨﴾

And what is the matter with you that you believe not in Allah! While the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) invites you to believe in your Lord (Allah), and He (Allah) has indeed taken your covenant, if you are real believers. (Al-Hadid 57:8)

- The only person who is exempted from this is the Muwahid who is upon Authentic Tawheed.

- He is not included in this Ayah

- Allah (SWT) is addressing four people: the atheist, polytheist, pantheist, and agnostic

- These people have all broken their covenant with Allah (SWT)

- Atheists deny that Allah (SWT) exists

- Polytheist is a Pagan he worships many false idols
- Pantheists believe everything (the creation) is Allah (SWT)

- Islam is not an ideology; Islam is a creed (Aqeeda)
- You walk into a book store and the author labels Islam an "ideology", he is ignorant

And what is the matter with you that you believe not in Allah! While the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) invites you to believe in your Lord (Allah), and He (Allah) has indeed taken your covenant, if you are real believers. (Al-Hadid 57:8)

- What is the covenant that Allah (SWT) is talking about in the above mentioned Ayah?

- The covenant we took to worship Allah (SWT)

And (remember) when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, from their loins, their seed (or from Adam's loin his offspring) and made them testify as to themselves (saying) : "Am I not your Lord?" They said: "Yes! We testify," lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection: "Verily, we have been unaware of this." (Al-A'raf 7:172)

- The above mentioned Ayah is clear that ignorance cannot be used as an excuse for people who worship a false deity

Narrated from Anas (RA) that a man said: “O Messenger of Allah, where is my father?” He said: “In Hell.” When he turned away he called him back and said: “My father and your father are in Hell.” [Sahih Muslim (Vol. 1, pg. 191) No. 203]

Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an surah Al Baiyinah verse 1

Those who disbelieve from among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and among Al-Mushrikun, were not going to leave (their disbelief) until there came to them clear evidence. (Al-Baiyinah 98:1)

- Allah (SWT) made takfir on the Jews and Christians even before the Muslims brought the evidence to them because ignorance is not an excuse to worship a false deity


هُوَ الَّذِي يُنَزِّلُ عَلَىٰ عَبْدِهِ آيَاتٍ بَيِّنَاتٍ لِّيُخْرِجَكُم مِّنَ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ ۚ وَإِنَّ اللَّـهَ بِكُمْ لَرَءُوفٌ رَّحِيمٌ ﴿٩﴾

It is He Who sends down manifest Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) to His slave (Muhammad SAW) that He may bring you out from darkness into light. And verily, Allah is to you full of kindness, Most Merciful. (Al-Hadid 57:9)

- The signs that Allah (SWT) is speaking about in the above mentioned Ayah are the many predictions and miracles of Muhammad (SAWS).

- The darkness that Allah (SWT) is speaking about in above Ayah, is Kufr, shirk, superstition and Zandaqa (heresy).

- Because the light is Quran and sunnah, when you have a dispute refer the matter to Quran and Sunnah.

- As Allah (SWT) said in Qur'an surah an Nisa 4:59

O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad SAW), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger (SAW), if you believe in Allah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination. (An-Nisa 4:59)

- Allah (SWT) is full of kindness and He is The Most Merciful

Abdullah ibn Amr (RA) narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “Those who are merciful will be given mercy by the Most Merciful. Be merciful to those on the earth and the One above the heavens will have mercy on you.” [Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 40, Hadith #4941]

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (SAW) as saying: Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said: "My mercy prevails over My wrath." [al-Bukhari (7553), Muslim (2751), Tirmidhi (3543), Ahmad (7297)]


وَمَا لَكُمْ أَلَّا تُنفِقُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّـهِ وَلِلَّـهِ مِيرَاثُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ لَا يَسْتَوِي مِنكُم مَّنْ أَنفَقَ مِن قَبْلِ الْفَتْحِ وَقَاتَلَ ۚ أُولَـٰئِكَ أَعْظَمُ دَرَجَةً مِّنَ الَّذِينَ أَنفَقُوا مِن بَعْدُ وَقَاتَلُوا ۚ وَكُلًّا وَعَدَ اللَّـهُ الْحُسْنَىٰ ۚ وَاللَّـهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرٌ ﴿١٠﴾

And what is the matter with you that you spend not in the Cause of Allah? And to Allah belongs the heritage of the heavens and the earth. Not equal among you are those who spent and fought before the conquering (of Makkah) (with those among you who did so later). Such are higher in degree than those who spent and fought afterwards. But to all, Allah has promised the best (reward). And Allah is All-Aware of what you do. (Al-Hadid 57:10)

- Allah (SWT) made mention of spending in his path in above mentioned Ayah

- In another Ayah, Allah (SWT) said you will never become pious until you spend from that which you love best

By no means shall you attain Al-Birr (piety, righteousness, etc., it means here Allah's Reward, i.e. Paradise), unless you spend (in Allah's Cause) of that which you love; and whatever of good you spend, Allah knows it well. (Aali Imran 3:92)

Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an surah Muhammad verse 7

O you who believe! If you help (in the cause of) Allah, He will help you, and make your foothold firm. (Muhammad 47:7)

- If you help Allah (SWT) (servants of Allah), Allah SWT will help you.

- Then Allah (SWT) has warned us in the Quran that man is miserly, because he fears poverty.

Say (to the disbelievers) : "If you possessed the treasure of the Mercy of my Lord (wealth, money, provision, etc.), then you would surely hold back (from spending) for fear of (being exhausted), and man is ever miserly!" (Al-Isra 17:100)

- You see how big Canada is, the second largest country in the world, yet only 35 million live there.

- Australia is another big country.

- You have 1 billion in India and 1 billion in China.

- Australia has only 22 million because a Kafir cannot share.

- Look at Saudi Arabia, KSA (kingdom of Saudi Arabia) 28 million live in KSA, recently they deported many Somalis to go back to Somalia in the middle of a war.

- The Saudis are worse than the white man

- Many Somalis are in Canada, America, UK and Europe.

- The Saudis sent them back to Somalia to starve

- The munafiqoon, hypocrites, are worse than the white man

- It’s impossible to get a Saudi passport

- They are more miserly than the white man

- The Kuffar are more generous with their passports, the hypocrites have become more miserly
- Allah (SWT) is ar Razzaq al Wahhab

- The Saudis are more miserly with their passports than the Americans and the British, and even the French.

- This is because they fear poverty

- They don't want to share their wealth


مَّن ذَا الَّذِي يُقْرِضُ اللَّـهَ قَرْضًا حَسَنًا فَيُضَاعِفَهُ لَهُ وَلَهُ أَجْرٌ كَرِيمٌ ﴿١١﴾

Who is he that will lend to Allah a goodly loan, then (Allah) will increase it manifold to his credit (in repaying), and he will have (besides) a good reward (i.e. Paradise). (Al-Hadid 57:11)

Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an surah Aali Imran verse 181

Indeed, Allah has heard the statement of those (Jews) who say: "Truly, Allah is poor and we are rich!" We shall record what they have said and their killing of the Prophets unjustly, and We shall say: "Taste you the torment of the burning (Fire)." (Aali Imran 3:181)

When Allah (SWT) said, “Who is he that will lend to Allah a goodly loan" in ayah 11 of Surah Hadeed, a goodly loan means an interest free loan.

(Verily Allah heard the saying of those who said…) [3:181]. ‘Ikrimah, al-Suddi and Muqatil ibn Ishaq related that, one day, Abu Bakr al-Siddiq entered a Jewish place of study and found a group of Jewish people gathered around one of them called Finhas ibn ‘Azura, who was one of their doctors. Abu Bakr said to Finhas: “Fear Allah and embrace Islam, for by Allah you know well that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah who has brought the truth to you from Allah. He is mentioned in your Torah; so believe and accept the truth and grant Allah a goodly offering and He will make you enter the Garden and multiply your reward”. Finhas responded: “O Abu Bakr, you claim that our Lord is asking us to lend Him our wealth. Yet, it is only the poor who borrow from the rich. And if what you say is true, it follows that Allah is poor and we are rich, for if He were rich He would not ask us to lend Him our wealth”. Abu Bakr al-Siddiq, may Allah be well pleased with him, became very angry and struck the face very angry and struck the face of Finhas with a mighty blow. He then said to him: “By Him in whose Hand is my soul, if it were not for the treaty between us, O enemy of Allah, I would have killed you”. Finhas went to the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, and said: “O Muhammad! Look at what your companion has done to me”. The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, asked Abu Bakr: “What has driven you to do what you have done?” He said: “O Messenger of Allah, this enemy of Allah has said something very serious. He claimed that Allah is poor and they are rich. I therefore got angry for the sake of Allah and hit his face”. But Finhas denied that he ever uttered those words, and so Allah, exalted is He, revealed this verse (Verily Allah heard the saying of those who said…) to give the lie to Finhas and to confirm that Abu Bakr al-Siddiq said the truth. ‘Abd al-Qahir ibn Tahir informed us> Abu ‘Amr ibn Matar> Ja‘far ibn al-Layth al-Ziyadi>
 Hudhayfah Musa ibn Mas‘ud> Shibl> Ibn Abi Najih> Mujahid who said: “This verse was revealed about the Jews; Abu Bakr, may Allah be well pleased with him, had struck the face of one of their men who said ‘Allah is poor and we are rich’ ”. Shibl commented: “I was informed that this man was Finhas the Jew, and it is also this man who said: (Allah’s hand is fettered) [5:64]”.
 [Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi, trans. Mokrane Guezzou]