Sunday, July 6, 2014

(Notes and audio) Leadership in Islam

LEADERSHIP IN ISLAM


BY SHAIKH ABDULLAH AL-FAISAL
7 July 2014 - 9 Ramadan 1435 Hijri
Notes taken by AT19, AT6 & AT38
Edited and formatted by Abu Hafiza & AT6


DOWNLOAD: https://archive.org/details/LEADERSHIPINISLAM_201407

- Leadership in Islam is a crucial institution.
- Leadership starts within the home in which the husband is the ameer.
- Without leadership, there will be total chaos.

Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an, Surah An-Nisa verse 34:

Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allah has made one of them to excel the other, and because they spend (to support them) from their means. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient (to Allah and to their husbands), and guard in the husband's absence what Allah orders them to guard (e.g. their chastity, their husband's property, etc.). As to those women on whose part you see ill conduct, admonish them (first), (next), refuse to share their beds, (and last) beat them (lightly, if it is useful), but if they return to obedience, seek not against them means (of annoyance). Surely, Allah is Ever Most High, Most Great. (An-Nisa 4:34)


- Men are in charge of women.
- Some homes are dysfunctional because women want to be in charge.

It was narrated from Ibn ‘Umar that the Prophet (SAW) said: “Each of you is a shepherd and each of you is responsible for his flock. The ruler is a shepherd and is responsible for his flock; the man is the shepherd of his family members and is responsible for them; the woman is the shepherd of her husband’s house and children and is responsible for them; the slave is the shepherd of his master’s wealth and is responsible for it. Each of you is a shepherd and each of you is responsible for his flock.” [Al-Bukhari #853 and Muslim #1829]

- The man is a shepherd and he is responsible for his flock as mentioned in the above hadith.

- It is haram for us to be without a caliph for more than three days.
- When the caliphate is establish, it is compulsory on all Muslims to give their bay'ah (oath of allegiance) to the leader.

It has been reported on the authority of Nafi, that 'Abdullah b. Umar paid a visit to Abdullah b. Muti' in the days (when atrocities were perpetrated on the People of Medina) at Harra in the time of Yazid b. Mu'awiya. Ibn Muti' said: Place a pillow for Abu 'Abd al-Rahman (family name of 'Abdullah b. 'Umar). But the latter said: I have not come to sit with you. I have come to you to tell you a tradition I heard from the Messenger of Allah (SAW). I heard him say: One who withdraws his hand from obedience (to the Amir) will find no argument (in his defence) when he stands before Allah on the Day of Judgment, and one who dies without having bound himself by an oath of allegiance (to an Amir) will die the death of one belonging to the days of Jahillyya. [Sahih Muslim, Book 20, Hadith #4562]


- Anyone who dies and did not give his bay'ah, dies the death of one belonging to the days of Jahillyaa as mentioned in the above hadith.
- Amir in the hadith means the caliph and we have a caliph in our midst today.

- In order for the caliphate to be legitimate, the following three conditions; have to be found.

THE THREE CONDITIONS FOR A CALIPHATE TO BE LEGITIMATE

1. THE CALIPHATE HAS TO BE ESTABLISHED ON MUSLIM LAND, NOT KAAFIR LAND


2. THE CALIPH ESTABLISHES SHARIAH ON EARTH

Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an, Surah Al Hajj verse 41:

Those (Muslim rulers) who, if We give them power in the land, (they) order for Iqamat-as-Salat. [i.e. to perform the five compulsory congregational Salat (prayers) (the males in mosques)], to pay the Zakat and they enjoin Al-Ma'ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and forbid Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism and all that Islam has forbidden) [i.e. they make the Qur'an as the law of their country in all the spheres of life]. And with Allah rests the end of (all) matters (of creatures). (Al-Hajj 22:41)

- They have police who enforce the shariah.
- For example, they make sure when the adhan is called people go for salah.


3. THERE IS A MUSLIM ARMY TO PROTECT THE ISLAMIC STATE

- The army can be as much as 5 million soldiers.

On the authority of Umar Ibn al-Khattab: ‘I heard the Messenger of Allah saying: “A group of my Ummah will continue victoriously adhering to the truth until the decree of Allah.” [Mustadrak al-Haakim (4/593) No. 8653]

On the authority of Abu Umamah al-Bahili that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "A group of my Ummah will remain firm upon the truth, dominating their enemies. They will not be harmed by their opponents until Allah’s decree arrives upon them." They asked: "Oh Messenger of Allah! Where will they be?" He replied: "In Bait al-Maqdis and its surrounding areas." [Musnad Ahmad (5/269) No. 22374]

Salamah bin Nufail Al-Kindi (RA) said that one day I was sitting with Prophet (SAW) then a person said ”O Prophet of Allah! The value of horse has decreased in the eyes of people and they have left the weapons and they say that Jihad has ended, because battle has ended." On hearing the Prophet (SAW) faced him and said: "They are lying, fighting has stopped for now and a section (group) of my Ummah will always fight (do Jihad) for the truth. Allah will turn them away from Kufr to Imaan and will give them rizq from amongst them until Qiyamah and until the promise of Allah comes. And Allah has written good in the forehead of horses until Qiyamah. And He has revealed on me that my ruh (soul) will be taken away and you will follow me after dividing into several groups, and you will kill each other. And the center (‘Uqr) of Mumineen (believers) is Ash-Shaam." [Sunan al-Nasa'i (6/214) No. 3561, Musnad Ahmad (4/104) No. 17006, Sahih Ibn Hibban (16/296) No. 7307]

- This is the evidence that the caliphate has to have an army.
- The army is used to protect the Islamic state because when the Islamic state is established, many people will try to destroy it.

- The crusaders, the Zionists and the Shia will try to destroy it.
- They will try to destroy it militarily and economically.
- They want it to be a failed state; so they can say "Oh, look at Islam "It does not work.”

- Don't think that when the caliphate is established it will become easy.
- Your trials and tribulations have just begun.
- When you announce the caliphate you have to take up your arms, not hang it up.

- Many of you when I speak to you in PM (private message), you do not know about Sykes-Picot agreement.
-The British divided up the Middle East by drawing up boarders between Syria and Iraq.

- When Ameerul Mu'mineen destroyed the boarders, it is the same as when the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) entered Makkah and destroyed the idols.
- Ameerul Mu'mineen tore up the Sykes-Picot agreement.


Destroying Sykes-Picot by Dawlatul Islam


- These are the three conditions for the caliphate to be legitimate.
- I saw donkeys with two feet give their bay'ah to a man who lives on the dole in London.
- A donkey giving his bay'ah to another donkey.
- His name is Abu Isa.
- A real caliph lives off the booty.
- Not from welfare or the dole that the kuffar give to him.


THE 11 CONDITIONS FOR THE CALIPH TO BE LEGITIMATE

1. THE CALIPH SHOULD BE A MUSLIM.

إلا أن تروا كفرا بواحا

On the authority of Ubada bin As-Samit the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “…topple the leader if you see clear kufr…” [Al-Bukhari (7056) and Muslim (1709)]
Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an, Surah An-Nisa verse 141:
Allah will judge between you (all) on the Day of Resurrection. And never will Allah grant to the disbelievers a way (to triumph) over the believers. (An-Nisa 4:141)
Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an, Surah An-Nisa verse 59:
O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad SAW), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger (SAW), if you believe in Allah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination. (An-Nisa 4:59)

2. THE CALIPH HAS TO BE MALE.
Narrated By Abu Bakra: During the battle of Al-Jamal, Allah benefited me with a Word (I heard from the Prophet). When the Prophet heard the news that the people of the Persia had made the daughter of Khosrau their Queen (ruler), he said, "Never will succeed such a nation as makes a woman their ruler." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 9, Book 88, Hadith #219 & Bukhari: Vol: 5 Book 64 Chapter 83 (4425)]
- The caliph has to be a male because of the above hadith and because of Surah An-Nisa ayah 34.
Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allah has made one of them to excel the other, and because they spend (to support them) from their means. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient (to Allah and to their husbands), and guard in the husband's absence what Allah orders them to guard (e.g. their chastity, their husband's property, etc.). As to those women on whose part you see ill conduct, admonish them (first), (next), refuse to share their beds, (and last) beat them (lightly, if it is useful), but if they return to obedience, seek not against them means (of annoyance). Surely, Allah is Ever Most High, Most Great. (An-Nisa 4:34)
- The caliphate has to be in the hands of a man, not a woman.


3. THE CALIPH HAS TO BE MATURE
Ali reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, "The pen has been raised for three persons (meaning they are not held accountable for what they do): one who is sleeping until he gets up, a child until he reaches the age of puberty, and an insane person until he becomes sane." [Musnad Ahmad (1/154) No. 1327, Sunan Abu Dawud (4/140) No. 4402, Sunan Tirmidhi (4/32) No. 1423, Sunan Ibn Majah (3/198) No. 2041, al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Nasa'i (5/265) No. 5596, Mustadrak al-Haakim (2/67) No. 2350]
- Why is the pen lifted from the child?
- Because the child has not received accountability.


4. THE CALIPH SHOULD BE SANE AND NOT A MAD MAN


5. THE CALIPH SHOULD BE FREE

- If the caliph is locked up in prison, he has lost his caliphate.
- An Islamic scholar should not pass fatwas if he is in prison.
- Even Abu Muhammad al Maqdisi said he does not take a fatwa from a scholar in prison because he may have been tortured.


6. THE CALIPH SHOULD BE AN ALIM

- The caliph should be an Alim (Islamic Scholar).
- He should not choose advisers from people who are outside of his religion.
O you who believe! Take not as (your) Bitanah (advisors, consultants, protectors, helpers, friends, etc.) those outside your religion (pagans, Jews, Christians, and hypocrites) since they will not fail to do their best to corrupt you. They desire to harm you severely. Hatred has already appeared from their mouths, but what their breasts conceal is far worse. Indeed We have made plain to you the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses) if you understand. (Aali Imran 3:118)
- You are not allowed to choose a jahil to be a caliph.
- You shouldn’t have the blind leading the blind.
Narrated By Ibn Abi Mulaika: Somebody said to Ibn 'Abbas, "Can you speak to the chief of the believers Muwaiya, as he does not pray except one Rak'a as Witr?" Ibn 'Abbas replied, "He is a Faqih (i.e. a learned man who can give religious verdicts)." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 5, Book 57, Hadith #109]
- When Allah (SWT) said obey those who are in authority, Allah (SWT) meant the ulama (the scholars).


7. THE CALIPH SHOULD BE A MUJAHID

- The caliph has to do jihad.
- Abu Bakr (RA), Omar (RA) and Uthman (RA) all did jihad in Allah’s path.
It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: One who died but did not fight in the way of Allah nor did he express any desire (or determination) for Jihad died the death of a hypocrite. [Sahih Muslim, Book 20, Hadith 4696]
- Even though the caliph may not do jihad while he is in the chair, he has to have a history of going for jihad.
- Abu Bakr al Baghdadi has a history of going for jihad.
- We are talking about the present day caliph who fought against the crusaders who invaded Iraq in 2003.


8. THE CALIPH SHOULD BE WISE NOT A FOOL

- The kuffar of the west all say Abu Bakr al Baghdadi is very wise and he is a master tactician.
- When you have brains, then they will respect you.
- They will never respect someone who is a fool and stupid.
- Surah Nisa verse 5 is the evidence the scholars use to say that the caliph should be wise.
And give not unto the foolish your property which Allah has made a means of support for you, but feed and clothe them therewith, and speak to them words of kindness and justice. (An-Nisa 4:5)
- If you are not allowed to give a fool money to go shopping, how can you put the caliphate in the hands of a fool?
- All of the news media say Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi is very wise.


9. THE CALIPH SHOULD BE MERCIFUL TO HIS SUBJECTS.

Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an, Surah Aali Imran verse 159:
And by the Mercy of Allah, you dealt with them gently. And had you been severe and harsh hearted, they would have broken away from about you; so pass over (their faults), and ask (Allah's)  Forgiveness for them; and consult them in the affairs. Then when you have taken a decision, put  your trust in Allah, certainly, Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him). (Aali Imran 3:159)

10. THE CALIPH SHOULD BE JUST AND NOT A TYRANT

Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an Surah Al Baqarah verse 124
 "And of my offspring (to make leaders)." (Allah) said, "My Covenant (Prophethood, etc.) includes not  Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers)." (Al-Baqarah 2:124)
- This is the evidence above used by all the ulama.
“Oh, my servants! I have made oppression haraam (forbidden) upon myself, and also between you. So do not oppress each other...." [Sahih Muslim, Hadith #6246]

11. THE CALIPH SHOULD BE FROM QURAYSH.
This matter (rule) will remain with the Quraish, and none will rebel against them, but Allah will throw him down on his face, as long as the Quraish uphold the Deen. [Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 89, Number 253]

HOW TO CHOOSE A CALIPH

- Muslims have chosen there caliphs over the years in five different ways.

1. ONE PERSON WITH GRAVITAS GIVES HIS BAY'AH TO ANOTHER MAN WITH GRAVITAS AND THE REST OF THE UMMAH FOLLOW SUIT

- This is how Abu Bakr As-Siddique (RA) became a caliph.
- Umar (RA) gave his bayah to Abu Bakr As Sidique (RA).
- Then all the Muslims followed Umar (RA) and gave their bay'ah.
- Gravitas means you carry weight in the community.


2. AHLUL HALL WAL AQD

- The people of decision in a shura meeting are called Ahlul Hall wal Aqd.
- When Umar (RA) was stabbed, he gave a list with 6 names.
- They were Ali (RA), Uthman (RA), Talha (RA), Zubair (RA), Saad ibn Abi Waqqas (RA) and Abdur Rahman bin Auf (RA).

- The people of decision sit in a shura meeting and decide who is most deserving of being the caliph.
- This is the second method way to choose the caliph.
- Uthman (RA) became the caliph with this method.

- Umar (RA) became the caliph because Abu Bakr (RA) appointed him.
- So Abu Bakr (RA) and Umar (RA) became the caliph by the exact same method.
- A man asked Abu Bakr (RA) how he can appoint Umar (RA) to be the caliph when Umar is so harsh.
- Abu Bakr (RA) said when Umar (RA) becomes the caliph he will have mercy in his heart for the Muslims.
- Umar (RA) became the caliph because one man with gravitas appointed another man
with gravitas to become the caliph.

- Uthman (RA) also became the caliph with the method called ahlul Hal wal Aqd.

- A panel of scholars sat down and decided who most deserves to become the caliph.


3. ABDICATION

- Hassan (RA) abdicated and gave power to Muawiyyah.
- Hassan (RA) did this to save Muslim lives.
- The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) praised what Hassan did.
Narrated Abu Bakra once the Prophet () brought out Al-Hasan and took him up the pulpit along with him and said, "This son of mine is a Saiyid (i.e. chief) and I hope that Allah will help him bring about reconciliation between two Muslim groups." [Sahih al-Bukhari 3629 Book 61, Hadith 133]
- Muawiyyah (RA) became the caliph by abdication.
- Nobody is allowed to criticise what Hassan did.
-  Because the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) praised what Hassan did.
- Muawiyyah (RA) was able to conquer the whole of North Africa.
- Muawiyyah (RA) became the caliph by abdication.


4. BY HEREDITY

- The Umayyad dynasty chose their caliph by heredity.
Prophet (SAW) said: Islam will continue to be dominant until there have been twelve Khulafa, all of them will be from the Quraish. [Sahih Muslim, Book 020, Number #4480]
- This method is frowned upon because it causes fitnah.
- The caliphate by heredity is legitimate if they rule by shariah.
- Don't forget Spain was conquered by the Umayyad dynasty.
- Even though the caliph hands power to his son, you are not allowed to topple the son as long as he rules by shariah.
On the authority of Ubada bin As-Samit the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “…topple the leader if you see clear kufr…” [Al-Bukhari (7056) and Muslim (1709)]
".....and not to fight against him unless we noticed him having open kufr (disbelief) for which we would have a proof with us from Allah." [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 88, Number 178]
- Muawiyyah (RA) gave the caliphate to Yazeed.
- When the father gives the caliphate to his son it is not kufr but it is unwise.
- You are not allowed to topple the leader just because he got the caliphate by heredity.


5. WHEN A POWERFUL MAN SEIZES THE CALIHPATE BY FORCE

- The scholars of Islam discussed this because it happened many times in history.
- Mansoor seized the caliphate by force and no one said his caliphate is a bastard caliphate.
Whoever has become Caliph and the people have given him their support and accepted him, even if he has gained the position of caliph by force, is to be obeyed and it is haraam to rebel against him.” [Majmoo’at Mu’allafaat al-Shaykh, 5/11]
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: If a man rebels and seizes power, the people must obey him, even if he seizes power by force and without their consent, because he has seized power. The reason for that is that if his rule is contested, it will lead to a great deal of evil, and this is what happened during the Umayyad period when some of them seized power by means of force and gained the title of caliph, and people obeyed them in obedience to the command of Allaah. End quote. [Sharh al-‘Aqeedah al-Safaareeniyyah (p. 688)]
For more information on this topic, and to find out how the state should operate and how its affairs should be run, please see Ahkaam al-Sultaaniyyah by Abu’l-Hasan al-Maawardi al-Shaafa’i and Ahkaam al-Sultaaniyyah by Abu Ya’la al-Farra’ al-Hanbali, and al-Tarteeb al-Idaariyyah by al-Kattaani. And Allaah knows best.
- The Muslim men have become wimps.
- They've neglected the caliphate for 80 years.
- So if a Muslim man takes the caliphate by force, his caliphate is legitimate and no scholar will say otherwise.
- Ma'moon and Ameen were the two sons of Haroon Ar-Rasheed.
- Ma'moon became the caliph by killing Ameen.
- Ma'moon had a Persian mother and Ameen had an Arab mother.


AN ADVICE FOR THE UMMAH CONCERNING THE NEW CALIPHATE

- Since year 1924, the Muslims had no caliph.
- They complained about the disgrace they were suffering as a result of the caliphate being dismantled.
- They complained that the crusaders and the Zionists have invaded and occupied their lands and have stolen their natural resources.

- They complained that their Islamic scholars are either incarcerated or assassinated.
- They complained that their women are in rape camps and their men are in concentration camps.
-They complained that their holy places are being desecrated.
-They complained about the plight of the Muslims in Palestine, Kashmir, Burma, Afghanistan, Chechnya, Sri Lanka and CAR.

- They complained that the Muslim world is governed by apostate leaders who have given their wala to the Jews and the Christians to kill Muslims.
- These Muslim leaders have stolen the wealth of the ummah and used it to live a playboy lifestyle.

- On the 1st of Ramadan 2014, Allah has blessed the Ummah with a caliphate fulfilling one of the prophecies of Muhammad (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam).
- Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi as ameerul mumineen has fulfilled all 11 conditions of a caliph.
- It is very unfortunate that these same Muslims who were complaining about the humiliation the Ummah is suffering, when Allah (SWT) blessed them with a caliph, they were the first to reject it.

- These Muslims who reject the dawlah have the persona of Jews.
- This is called Jewish traits in the Ummah.
Allah (SWT) Said in the Qur'an, Surah Al Baqarah verse 246-247:
Have you not thought about the group of the Children of Israel after (the time of) Musa (Moses)? When they said to a Prophet of theirs, "Appoint for us a king and we will fight in Allah's Way." He said, "Would you then refrain from fighting, if fighting was prescribed for you?" They said, "Why should we not fight in Allah's Way while we have been driven out of our homes and our children (families have been taken as captives)?" But when fighting was ordered for them, they turned away, all except a few of them. And Allah is All-Aware of the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers). And their Prophet (Samuel) said to them, "Indeed Allah has appointed Talut (Saul) as a king over you." They said, "How can he be a king over us when we are better fitted than him for the kingdom, and he has not been given enough wealth." He said: "Verily, Allah has chosen him above you and has increased him abundantly in knowledge and stature. And Allah grants His Kingdom to whom He wills. And Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures' needs, All-Knower." (Al-Baqarah 2:246-247)
- Allah (SWT) spoke about when the Jews were oppressed and Allah (SWT) gave them a king to fight but they rejected the king.
- Many of you think you are Muslims but when you look at your character, you are a carbon copy of a Jew.

-You don't want to accept the caliphate of Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi because in your heart you are a Jew.
- You cannot say ISIS doesn't have wealth because they have booty worth billions of dollars.
- They captured oil fields.
- You complain about the disgrace and humiliation but when Allah (SWT) blesses you with a caliphate, you reject it.

- You have Muslim names but the hearts of Jews.
- Abu Qatadah and Abu Muhammad al Maqdisi are on the wrong side of history.
- They are trying to cause mutiny against the caliph.
- They need to make their tawbah publicly and give their bay'ah to the caliph publicly to repair the damage they have done to their character because they are on the wrong side of history.

- Allah (SWT) said the tawbah of a shaikh has to be done publicly.
- Whenever a shaikh passes a dodgy fatwa, the tawba has to be done publicly to repair the damage.
- The evidence is Surah Baqarah verses 159 to 160.
Verily, those who conceal the clear proofs, evidences and the guidance, which We have sent down, after We have made it clear for the people in the Book, they are the ones cursed by Allah and cursed by the cursers. Except those who repent and do righteous deeds, and openly declare (the truth which they concealed). These, I will accept their repentance. And I am the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful. (Al-Baqarah 2:159-160)
- Abu Qatadah and Abu Muhammad Al-Maqdisi are causing mutiny against the caliph.
- It is not permissible to take fatwas from them because they are imprisoned.
- Many of you will say, “Shaikh Faisal, you are wrong because they got released from prison.”
- Jordan itself is a prison so you cannot take fatwas from scholars there.

- The country itself is an agent of the Israeli Mosad.
- So Jordan itself is prison.
- You cannot take fatwas from Abu Qatadah and Abu Muhammad al Maqdisi because they are not free.


AN ADVICE FOR AMEERUL MU'MINEEN - ABU BAKR AL BAGHDADI

1) THE CALIPH SHOULD SURROUND HIMSELF WITH ULAMA AND RIGHTEOUS PEOPLE

- When Umar (RA) was the caliph, he didn't allow the senior sahabas to leave Medina.
- He didn't want to make a mistake that goes uncorrected.
- Umar (RA) surrounded himself with senior sahabas who were all scholars.
- Allah (SWT) recommends who you should have as companions in Surah Nisa verse 69.
And whoso obeys Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad SAW), then they will be in the company of those on whom Allah has bestowed His Grace, of the Prophets, the Siddiqun (those followers of the Prophets who were first and foremost to believe in them, like Abu Bakr As­Siddiq), the martyrs, and the righteous. And how excellent these companions are! (An-Nisa 4:69) 

2 - THE CALIPH SHOULD ADOPT THE HANBALI CREED FOR THE CALIPHATE

- Ahmad ibn Hanbal (RH) was the imam for Ahlus Sunnah wal jamaah.
- Ibn Katheer (RH) said deviants cannot survive in a land with a lot of hanbalis.


3 - BEWARE OF INFILTRATION

- The Zionists and the crusaders will send fake Muslims to infiltrate the caliphate.
- This took place with GIA in Algeria.
- Because of infiltration the jihad in Algeria has been lost.


4 - DO NOT OPEN UP TOO MANY WAR FRONTS

- Because of infiltration the jihad in Algeria has been lost.
- The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) signed a treaty with Quraish for no war for 10 years at Hudaiybiyyah.
Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an surah Al Fath verse 1
Verily, We have given you (O Muhammad SAW) a manifest victory. (Al-Fath 48:1)

- Allah (SWT) said the treaty of Hudaibiyyah was a victory.
- It is a victory because it is unwise to open up too many warfronts.
- The Caliph should concentrate on Iran who is the real enemy.


5. TO EXPLOIT THE RIFTS IN THE RANKS OF THE ENEMY

- So turn one rafidah against another rafidah.
Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an surah Al Hashr verse 14
They fight not against you even together, except in fortified townships, or from behind walls. Their enmity among themselves is very great. You would think they were united, but their hearts are divided, that is because they are a people who understand not. (Al-Hashr 59:14)

6. DO NOT CHOOSE THOSE WHO ARE OUTSIDE YOUR RELIGION AS ADVISERS

Allah (SWT) said in the Qur'an surah Al Imran verse 118
O you who believe! Take not as (your) Bitanah (advisors, consultants, protectors, helpers, friends, etc.) those outside your religion (pagans, Jews, Christians, and hypocrites) since they will not fail to do their best to corrupt you. They desire to harm you severely. Hatred has already appeared from their mouths, but what their breasts conceal is far worse. Indeed We have made plain to you the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses) if you understand. (Al Imran 3:118)
- This was the downfall of Musta'sim.
- He chose a rafidah to be his adviser.
- He was a spy for the tartars and stabbed him in the back.