TAFSIR SURAH AR-RUM - BE KIND TO YOUR NEAR RELATIVE
BY SHAIKH ABDULLAH FAISAL23 August 2014
Edited by AT17
So give to the kindred his due, and to AlMiskin (the poor) and to the wayfarer. That is best for those who seek Allah's Countenance, and it is they who will be successful. (Ar-Rum 30:38)
In the above mentioned ayah Allah (swt) tells us to be kind on our near relatives.
Somebody will like to ask whether a rich woman can give zakat to her poor husband. This is allowed but a husband can't give zakat to his wife because it is compulsory for him to feed his wife.
Thawban reported that the Prophet (SAW), said, "The best dinar a man spends is the dinar which he spends on his family, the dinar which he spends on his companions in the Way of Allah, and the dinar which he spends on his riding animal in the Way of Allah." One of the transmitters, Abu Qilaba, said, He began with the family, Who has a greater reward that the man who spends on small children until such time that Allah Almighty makes them able to support themselves." [Al-Adab al-Mufrad Al-Bukhari, #748]
Narrated by 'Amr bin Al-HarithZainab, the wife of 'Abdullah said, "I was in the Mosque and saw the Prophet (p.b.u.h) saying, 'O women ! Give alms even from your ornaments.' " Zainab used to provide for 'Abdullah and those orphans who were under her protection. So she said to 'Abdullah, "Will you ask Allah's Apostle whether it will be sufficient for me to spend part of the Zakat on you and the orphans who are under my protection?" He replied "Will you yourself ask Allah's Apostle ?" (Zainab added): So I went to the Prophet and I saw there an Ansari woman who was standing at the door (of the Prophet ) with a similar problem as mine. Bilal passed by us and we asked him, 'Ask the Prophet whether it is permissible for me to spend (the Zakat) on my husband and the orphans under my protection.' And we requested Bilal not to inform the Prophet about us. So Bilal went inside and asked the Prophet regarding our problem. The Prophet (p.b.u.h) asked, "Who are those two?" Bilal replied that she was Zainab. The Prophet said, "Which Zainab?" Bilal said, "The wife of 'Adullah (bin Masud)." The Prophet said, "Yes, (it is sufficient for her) and she will receive a double rewards (for that): One for helping relatives, and the other for giving Zakat." Sahih bukhari Volume 2, Book 24, Number 507
When you pay zakat to a stranger you get one reward, but if you give zakat to a relative, you get double reward.
Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him), narrated that when the Prophet SAW commanded the women to give in charity, Zaynab the wife of ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood came to him and said: “O Prophet of Allaah, today you told us to give in charity. I have some jewellery and I want to give it in charity, but Ibn Mas’ood claims that he and his child are more deserving of my charity.” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Ibn Mas’ood has spoken the truth. Your husband and child are more deserving of your charity.” [Al-Bukhaari (1462) and Muslim (1000)]
These ahadith show that the best charity is the one given to your relative.
There is another verse in the Qur'an where Allah (swt) told you who the zakat should be given to.
Sadaqat (here it means Zakat) are only for the Fuqara' (poor), and Al-Masakin (the poor) and those employed to collect (the funds); and for to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islam); and to free the captives; and for those in debt; and for Allah's Cause (i.e. for Mujahidun - those fighting in the holy wars), and for the wayfarer (a traveller who is cut off from everything); a duty imposed by Allah. And Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise. (At-Tawbah 9:60)
There is a difference between the miskeen and the fakeer. The miskeen is lower than the fakeer.
The people who knock on the doors and collect the zakat need to paid a salary, because this is a job. You need to give it to the mujahideen too.
The ayah (9:60) is the ayah that details who should receive the zakat.
And what will make you know the path that is steep? (Al-Balad 90:12). (It is) Freeing a neck (slave, etc.). (Al-Balad 90:13) . Or giving food in a day of hunger (famine), (Al-Balad 90:14). To an orphan near of kin. (Al-Balad 90:15). Or to a Miskin (poor) afflicted with misery. (Al-Balad 90:16)
In surah 90:15 Allah said that you should take care of the orphan who is your relative.
And that which you give in gift (to others), in order that it may increase (your wealth by expecting to get a better one in return) from other people's property, has no increase with Allah, but that which you give in Zakat seeking Allah's Countenance then those, they shall have manifold increase. (Ar-Rum 30:39)
The ayah tells you that not every gift is an innocent gift
Some gifts come with ulterior motives.
Allah is giving you a peep into the psyche of a capitalist, so when they sponsor an election campaign, they expect you to look after their interest when you win.
The donation was an investment. This gift has no barakah.
The barakah is in the zakat.
The arabic word zakat is from 'Yanmou" which means to grow. Some people have their warehouses burn up because they don't pay zakat.
Zakat make your wealth grow.
When you are stingy and don't pay zakat your wealth shrinks.
Zakat has a second meaning which means 'to purify', therefore paying zakat purifies your heart from selfishness, miserliness etc.
O you who believe! Verily, there are many of the (Jewish) rabbis and the (Christian) monks who devour the wealth of mankind in falsehood, and hinder (them) from the Way of Allah (i.e. Allah's Religion of Islamic Monotheism). And those who hoard up gold and silver [Al-Kanz: the money, the Zakat of which has not been paid], and spend it not in the Way of Allah, -announce unto them a painful torment. (At-Tawbah 9:34)
Allah (swt) warned against refusing to pay zakat in 9:34. The rasul (saw) also said that those who withhold the zakat will have their wealth turned into snakes and they will bite them in their graves.
"Whoever is made wealthy by Allah and does not pay the Zakat of his wealth, then on the Day of Resurrection his wealth will be made like a bald-headed poisonous male snake with two black spots over the eyes. The snake will encircle his neck and bite his cheeks and say, 'I am your wealth, I am your treasure.' (Bukhari Volume 2, Book 24, Number 486.)
Allah is He Who created you, then provided food for you, then will cause you to die, then (again) He will give you life (on the Day of Resurrection). Is there any of your (socalled) partners (of Allah) that do anything of that ? Glory be to Him! And Exalted be He above all that (evil) they associate (with Him). (Ar-Rum 30:40)
In ayah 40 Allah is using Tauheed Ar-rububiyyah - that He is the provider, Creator as hujjah Tauheed Ibadat - He alone deserves to be worshipped
He has created the heavens without any pillars, that you see and has set on the earth firm mountains, lest it should shake with you. And He has scattered therein moving (living) creatures of all kinds. And We send down water (rain) from the sky, and We cause (plants) of every goodly kind to grow therein. (Luqman 31:10)
This is the creation of Allah. So show Me that which those (whom you worship), besides Him have created. Nay, the Zalimun (polytheists, wrongdoers and those who do not believe in the Oneness of Allah) are in plain error. (Luqman 31:11)
Allah (swt) provides for you daily, what have your so-called gods done for you?
The wrongdoers are in manifest error.
Allah (swt) tells you that He alone sends down the rain and make the crops grow.
Evil (sins and disobedience of Allah, etc.) has appeared on land and sea because of what the hands of men have earned (by oppression and evil deeds, etc.), that Allah may make them taste a part of that which they have done, in order that they may return (by repenting to Allah, and begging His Pardon). (Ar-Rum 30:41)
Corruption have become rampant in the land and sea because of the evil work men. They have tried to change the way Allah designed things to work.
Corruption has appeared throughout the land and sea by [reason of] what the hands of people have earned so He may let them taste part of [the consequence of] what they have done that perhaps they will return [to righteousness]. (Ar-Rum 30:41) Sahih International
e.g. cows should be eating grass but they feed them meat, so Allah gave them mad-cow disease. The other disease is the foot and mouth disease, also the swine flu, bird flu etc.
These diseases are a manifestation of the following hadith :
It was narrated that 'Abdullah bin 'Umar said: "The Messenger of Allah (SAW) turned to us and said: 'O Muhajirin, there are five things with which you will be tested, and I seek refuge with Allah lest you live to see them: Immorality never appears among a people to such an extent that they commit it openly, but plagues and diseases that were never known among the predecessors will spread among them. They do not cheat in weights and measures but they will be stricken with famine, severe calamity and the oppression of their rulers. They do not withhold the Zakah of the wealth, but rain will be withheld from the sky, and were it not for the animals, no rain would fall on them. They do not break the covenant with Allah and His Messenger, but Allah will enable their enemies to overpower them and take some of what is in their hands. Unless their leaders rule according to the Book of Allah and seek all good from that which Allah has revealed, Allah will cause them to fight one another. [Sunan Ibn Majah (Arabic/English), Vol. 5, pg. 222-223, Hadith #4019]
The above mentioned hadith explains the ayah 41 in Surah ar-Rum.
A man asked Aisha (r.a) about earthquakes :
“Anas (RA) says, “I went into the presence of Aishah (RA) whilst someone else was seated with her. The person asked, ‘O Mother of the believers, relate to us regarding earthquakes (as to their cause)’ She turned her face away. I (Anas) asked her, ‘Relate to us regarding earthquakes, O Mother of the believers!’ She said, “O Anas, if I were to inform you thereof, you will live a sorrowful life and you will die in this state of grief and you will be raised on the Day of Judgement whilst this fear is in your heart.” I said, “O Mother, relate to me.” She then said, “When a woman removes her clothes in a house other than her husbands (an indication towards adultery), she tears the veil between her and Allah. When she applies perfume to please a male other than her husband, this will be a source of fire and a blemish for her. When the people then begin to commit adultery, consume alcohol and use musical instruments, Allah becomes enraged above the heavens and orders the Earth to shake them. If they repent and refrain, then it is good for them, otherwise Allah will cause it to fall upon them.” I asked, “Is this their punishment?” She said, “It is rather a mercy, means of blessings and admonishment for the believers, and a punishment, display of anger and torment for the unbelievers.” [Mustadrak al-Haakim (4/561) No. 8575 and Kitab Al-Fitan (2/619) No. 1729]
It occurs because of the sins of the people,namely zina.
It is a punishment for the kuffaar and a reminder for the believer.
Sometimes the whales commit suicide because the kuffaar dump toxic waste in the sea
WHALES COMMITING SUCIDE_http://drmolecule.org/2012/09/10/whales-committing-suicide-en-masse-why/
Prince Charles came on TV to beg the government to bail out the farmers after the break out of the mad cow disease and the foot and mouth disease.
And We have broken them (i.e. the Jews) up into various separate groups on the earth, some of them are righteous and some are away from that. And We tried them with good (blessings) and evil (calamities) in order that they might turn (to Allah's Obedience). (Al-A'raf 7:168)
Whatever of good reaches you, is from Allah, but whatever of evil befalls you, is from yourself. And (O Muhammad SAW) (An-Nisa 4:79)
Say (O Muhammad SAW) : "Travel in the land and see what was the end of those before (you)! Most of them were Mushrikun (the disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, polytheists, idolaters, etc.)." (Ar-Rum 30:42)
Whatever happens to you is the result of your actions; good or bad.
Allah is telling you in the above ayah that He always punishes the wayward, they are mostly mushrikeen.
Only 80 people believe in Nuh (as) after calling for 950 years.
Allah (swt)'s sunnah will never change, and it is His sunnah to punish the wayward with natural disasters.
Then, can they expect anything (else), but the Sunnah (way of dealing) of the peoples of old? So no change will you find in Allah's Sunnah (way of dealing), and no turning off will you find in Allah's Sunnah (way of dealing). (Fatir 35:43)
Allah told the rasul (saw) that most people won't believe, and most of those who claim to believe will ascribe partners unto Him.
And most of mankind will not believe even if you desire it eagerly. (Yusuf 12:103)
And most of them believe not in Allah except that they attribute partners unto Him [i.e. they are Mushrikun -polytheists - see Verse 6: 121]. (Yusuf 12:106)
Therefore most of the people who claim to be Muslims today are pagans, only a few number of people are muwahidoon.
Most people believe in democracy thereby rejecting faith in tauheed hakimiyyah.
The goofy soofy, the shia, the berailvis are all grave worshippers and hence kuffaar.
The problem in the Ummah today is that we are taught to believe in Allah but not to reject the taghut.
So set you (O Muhammad SAW) your face to (the obedience of Allah, your Lord) the straight and right religion (Islamic Monotheism), before there comes from Allah a Day which none can avert it. On that Day men shall be divided [(in two groups), a group in Paradise and a group in Hell]. (Ar-Rum 30:43)
On the day of judgement there will be two camps: those going to hellfire and those going to paradise.
And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers. (Aali Imran 3:85)
Whosoever disbelieves will suffer from his disbelief, and whosoever does righteous good deeds (by practising Islamic Monotheism), then such will prepare a good place (in Paradise) for themselves (and will be saved by Allah from His Torment). (Ar-Rum 30:44)
Allah is saying in the above ayah that He only rewards as per your deeds, and punished as per your deeds.
O My servants, it is but your deeds that I reckon up for you and then recompense you for, so let him who finds good praise Allah, and let him who finds other than that blame no one but himself." Related by Muslim.
Man will only get what he strives for.
And that man can have nothing but what he does (good or bad), (An-Najm 53:39)
On the authority of Abu Dharr al-Ghifaree (RA) from the Prophet (SAW) O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all to stand together in one place and ask of Me, and I were to give everyone what he requested, then that would not decrease what I Possess, except what is decreased of the ocean when a needle is dipped into it. O My servants, it is but your deeds that I account for you, and then recompense you for. So he who finds good, let him praise Allah, and he who finds other than that, let him blame no one but himself.[Sahih Muslim (4/1994) No. 2577]
Allah doesn't like the disbelievers.
That He may reward those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism), and do righteous good deeds, out of His Bounty. Verily, He likes not the disbelievers. (Ar-Rum 30:45)
So Allah (swt) likes and dislikes.
On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (RA), who said that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "If Allah has loved a servant [of His], He calls Gabriel (on whom be peace) and says: 'I love So-and-so, therefore love him.'" He (the Prophet - SAW) said: "So Gabriel loves him. Then he (Gabriel) calls out in heaven, saying: He (the Prophet - SAW) said: "So they abhor him, and abhorrence is established for him on earth." [Muslim (also by al-Bukhari, Malik, and at-Tirmidhi).
HADITH QUDSI 24
On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), who said that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: If Allah has loved a servant [of His] He calls Gabriel (on whom be peace) and says: I love So-and-so, therefore love him. He (the Prophet pbuh) said: So Gabriel loves him. Then he (Gabriel) calls out in heaven, saying: Allah loves So-and-so, therefore love him. And the inhabitants of heaven love him. He (the Prophet pbuh) said: Then acceptance is established for him on earth. And if Allah has abhorred a servant [of His], He calls Gabriel and says: I abhor So-and-so, therefore abhor him. So Gabriel abhors him. Then Gabriel calls out to the inhabitants of heaven: Allah abhors So-and-so, therefore abhor him. He (the Prophet pbuh) said: So they abhor him, and abhorrence is established for him on earth. It was related by Muslim (also by al-Bukhari, Malik, and at-Tirmidhi).
Allah loves the truthful people, the ones with taqwa.
And among His Signs is this, that He sends the winds as glad tidings, giving you a taste of His Mercy (i.e. rain), and that the ships may sail at His Command, and that you may seek of His Bounty, in order that you may be thankful. (Ar-Rum 30:46)
Allah is saying that the wind transports the clouds to the place where the rain should drop.
The rain is an example of His infinite Mercy. He sends the rain because of the animals.
Ibn Umar narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "I was sent by the sword from now until Judgment Day, until Allah Alone is worshipped with no partners, and my livelihood is in the shadow of my spear, and humiliation and submission are on those who disobey me and whoever imitates a people is one of them" [Musnad Ahmad (2/50) No. 5115, Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (2/417) No. 1154, Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah (4/212) No. 19401]
When the Islamic State captured $480m in one day, it was through jihad and booty. Booty is the best bounty from Allah.
Booty was the rizq of the rasul (saw).
al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (rh) said: “This hadeeth indicates that war booty is permissible for this ummah, and that the provision of the Prophet (SAW) has been placed in war booty and not in other kinds of earnings. Hence some of the scholars said that it is the best kind of earnings.” [Fathul Baari (6/98]
Umar (r.a) saw some Muslims farming and he told them to leave that and go to fight.
They should fight and kill the kuffaar and take the booty.
Farming is for Jews and Christians.
When you work in a factory, office etc, your salary is fixed, but the booty is an amount that is not fixed.
And indeed We did send Messengers before you (O Muhammad SAW) to their own peoples. They came to them with clear proofs, then, We took vengeance on those who committed crimes (disbelief, setting partners in worship with Allah, sins, etc.), and (as for) the believers it was incumbent upon Us to help (them). (Ar-Rum 30:47)
Allah in the above ayah is telling us that all the people of the earth had their prophets.
And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming) : "Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah)." Then of them were some whom Allah guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and see what was the end of those who denied (the truth). (An-Nahl 16:36)
Taghout = the kaafir govt, false deity, kaafir army, the shaitan, the UN, THE freemasons, the kaafir courthouse, man-made isms and shisms etc.
Umar said, “al-Jibt is magic, and the Taghoot is the Shaitan.” [Sahih Bukhari (6/45)]
Have you seen those (hyprocrites) who claim that they believe in that which has been sent down to you, and that which was sent down before you, and they wish to go for judgement (in their disputes) to the Taghut (false judges, etc.) while they have been ordered to reject them. But Shaitan (Satan) wishes to lead them far astray. (An-Nisa 4:60)
Those who believe, fight in the Cause of Allah, and those who disbelieve, fight in the cause of Taghut (Satan, etc.). So fight you against the friends of Shaitan (Satan); Ever feeble indeed is the plot of Shaitan (Satan). (An-Nisa 4:76)
There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower. (Al-Baqarah 2:256)
"Three groups of people Allah obliged Himself to help them: Mujahid in the cause of Allah, a worker to pay his debt, and the one who wants to marry to live a chaste life." (Tirmidhi 1661, Nisai 3120, Ibn e Majah 2518, Ahmed 9637)
Allah makes it fardh upon Himself to help 3 people: the mujahid, the one who works to pay his debt, and the one who marries to safeguard his chastity.
Or think you that you will enter Paradise without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you? They were afflicted with severe poverty and ailments and were so shaken that even the Messenger and those who believed along with him said, "When (will come) the Help of Allah?" Yes! Certainly, the Help of Allah is near! (Al-Baqarah 2:214)
You should never despair from His mercy.
"O my sons! Go you and enquire about Yusuf (Joseph) and his brother, and never give up hope of Allah's Mercy. Certainly no one despairs of Allah's Mercy, except the people who disbelieve." (Yusuf 12:87)