Saturday, August 30, 2014

(NOTES & AUDIO) Tafsir Surah Waqia - Mankind will be Divided into Three on the Day of Judgement (Part 1)

TAFSIR SURAH WAQIAH - MANKIND WILL BE DIVIDED INTO THREE ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT

BY SHAIKH ABDULLAH FAISAL

27 August 2014





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Notes typed by AT15
Edited by AT38

TAFSIR SURAH WAQIAH -MANKIND WILL BE DIVIDED INTO THREE IN THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT
 
This surah was revealed in Mecca and contains 96 verses.

AYAH 1
 
When the Event (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) befalls. (Al-Waqi'ah 56:1)

What is the meaning of the word "al-waqiah"?
It can translated into English as the great and inevitable event.
It is also another name for the day of judgement.
Judgement day has 50 names according to Qurtubi and Imam Gazali.
Al-Waqiah is one of the 50 names.


AYAH 2

And there can be no denying of its befalling. (Al-Waqi'ah 56:2)

AYAH 3

It will bring low (some); (and others) it will exalt; (Al-Waqi'ah 56:3)
 
Allah (swt) is describing that the low spirit hang their heads down.
And people of high spirits hang their heads up high.
It proves that a pessimistic person hangs his head down
An optimistic hangs his head high
Your body language tells a lot about you.

AYAH 4
 
When the earth will be shaken with a terrible shake. (Al-Waqi'ah 56:4)
O mankind! Fear your Lord and be dutiful to Him! Verily, the earthquake of the Hour (of Judgement) is a terrible thing. (Al-Hajj 22:1)

When the earth is shaken with its (final) earthquake. (Az-Zalzalah 99:1)
And when the earth throws out its burdens, (Az-Zalzalah 99:2)
And man will say: "What is the matter with it?" (Az-Zalzalah 99:3)
That Day it will declare its information (about all what happened over it of good or evil). (Az-Zalzalah 99:4)

This severe earthquake will cause the mountains of the earth to become dust.
Mountains like Everest, Kilimanjaro etc
They will be like wool
 

Ayah 4 resembles Surah 101 verses 1 to 5.

Al-Qari'ah (the striking Hour i.e. the Day of Resurrection), (Al-Qari'ah 101:1)
What is the striking (Hour)? (Al-Qari'ah 101:2)
 And what will make you know what the striking (Hour) is? (Al-Qari'ah 101:3)
 It is a Day whereon mankind will be like moths scattered about, (Al-Qari'ah 101:4)

 And the mountains will be like carded wool, (Al-Qari'ah 101:5)

AYAH 5
 
And the mountains will be powdered to dust. (Al-Waqi'ah 56:5)

AYAH 6

So that they will become floating dust particles. (Al-Waqi'ah 56:6)

These mountains, that humanity is impressed with, will become dust particles.

AYAH 7

And you (all) will be in three kinds (i.e. separate groups). (Al-Waqi'ah 56:7)

Mankind will be divided into three groups.

AYAH 8

So those on the Right Hand (i.e. those who will be given their Records in their right hands), Who will be those on the Right Hand? (As a respect for them, because they will enter Paradise). (Al-Waqi'ah 56:8)
 
The first group will be the companions of the right hand.
These are the pious and practicing muslims
They will be given their books in their right hand.
They will be at right side of the throne of Allah (swt)
The companions of the right hand are called the firqa najia.

AYAH 9

And those on the Left Hand (i.e. those who will be given their Record in their left hands), Who will be those on the Left Hand? (As a disgrace for them, because they will enter Hell). (Al-Waqi'ah 56:9)

The second group are those who will receive their record in their left hand.
They are the evil people.
 
AYAH 10

And those foremost [(in Islamic Faith of Monotheism and in performing righteous deeds) in the life of this world on the very first call for to embrace Islam,] will be foremost (in Paradise). (Al-Waqi'ah 56:10)

The third group is called the foremost, they are the most fervent of the Muslims.
They are the Prophets, the Messengers, and the mujahideen.
Their destination will be jannat al-firdaws.
They are called the taifah al mansoorah.
They are the mujahideen
They are different from the farqaa najia.

(And you (all) will be in three groups.) This means that people will be divided into three categories on the Day of Resurrection. Some will on the right of Allah's Throne, and they are those who were brought forth from Adam's right side. This category will be given their Books of Records in their right hand and will be taken to the right side. As-Suddi explained that they will comprise the majority of the residents of Paradise. Another category is those who will be placed to the left of Allah's Throne, and they are those who were brought forth from `Adam's left side. This category will be given their Books of Records in their left hands and will be taken to the left side. They are the residents of the Fire, may Allah save us from their actions. A third category is comprised of those who are the foremost and nearest before Allah. They are in a better grade and status and nearer to Allah than those on the right side. They are the chiefs of those on the right side, because they include the Messengers, Prophets, true believers and martyrs. They are fewer than those on the right side.
 End

The taifah al mansoorah are the elite of the elite.
The firqa najia means the main body of the Muslims upon the correct aqeedah.
The taifah al mansoorah are the mujahideen.
They are front line material.
Even women can be front line material.
If the ameer allows her to do so
Muawiyyah (r.a) took a woman in the front line, her name was Umm Haram (r.a)

It was narrated from Anas ibn Malik (RA) that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) used to enter upon Umm Haram bint Milhan and she would give him food. Umm Haram was married to 'Ubaidah ibn al-Samit. One day the Messenger of Allah (SAW) entered upon her, and she provided him with food and started grooming his head. The Messenger of Allah (SAW) slept, then he woke up smiling. Umm Haram asked, "What is making you smile, O Messenger of Allah?" He said: "Some people of my Ummah were shown to me (in my dream) campaigning for the sake of Allah, sailing in the middle of the sea like kings on thrones." Umm Haram added, "I said, 'O Messenger of Allah! Pray to Allah to make me one of them.'" So the Messenger of Allah (SAW) prayed to Allah for her and then laid his head down (and slept). Then he woke up smiling (again). (Umm Haram added): I said, "What is making you smile, O Messenger of Allah?" He said, "Some people of my Ummah were shown to me (in my dream) campaigning for the sake of Allah." He said the same as he had said before. I said, "O Messenger of Allah! Pray to Allah to make me one of them." He said: "You will be among the first ones." Then Umm Haram sailed across the sea during the time of Mu'awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan, and she fell down from her riding animal after coming ashore, and died. [al-Bukhari (2877) and Muslim (1912)]

The taifah al mansoorah are 70 000 who will enter paradise without any reckoning
These are those who don’t practice ruqiyyah (incantation) even though it is halal

Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, 'All the nations were shown to me and I saw a Prophet with a small group, and a Prophet with one or two men, and a Prophet with no one at all. Then an enormous mass was shown to me and I thought that they were my community. I was told, "This is Musa and his community, but look to the furthest horizon," and there was an enormous mass. It was said to me, "This is your community. Among them are seventy thousand who will enter the Garden without reckoning or punishment."' Then he got up and entered his house and the people discussed concerning those who would enter the Garden without reckoning or punishment. 'Perhaps it is those who are born in Islam and do not associate anything with Allah,' and they mentioned various things. The Messenger of Allah came out to them and said, 'What are you discussing?' They told him and he said, 'They are those who do not make charms or ask others for charms, and do not seek omens. They trust in their Lord.' 'Ukkasha ibn Muhsin stood up and said, 'Ask Allah to make me one of them.' He said, 'You are one of them.' Then another man stood up and said, 'Ask Allah to make me one of them.' He said, "'Ukkasha beat you to it.'" [al-Bukhari (5705) and Muslim (220)]

Allah spoke about the foremost again in Surah 4 verse 69.

And whoso obeys Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad SAW), then they will be in the company of those on whom Allah has bestowed His Grace, of the Prophets, the Siddiqun (those followers of the Prophets who were first and foremost to believe in them, like Abu Bakr As­Siddiq), the martyrs, and the righteous. And how excellent these companions are! (An-Nisa 4:69)

AYAH 11

These will be those nearest to Allah. (Al-Waqi'ah 56:11)

AYAH 12

In the Gardens of delight (Paradise). (Al-Waqi'ah 56:12)

AYAH 13

A multitude of those (foremost) will be from the first generations (who embraced Islam). (Al-Waqi'ah 56:13)

The majority of the foremost will be from the first generation of Muslims.
They are known as the sahaba.
The companions of the Prophet (saws).

AYAH 14

And a few of those (foremost) will be from the later time (generations). (Al-Waqi'ah 56:14)

And a few will be from later generation.

 Narrated By 'Abdullah : The Prophet said, "The best people are those of my generation, and then those who will come after them (the next generation), and then those who will come after them (i.e. the next generation), and then after them, there will come people whose witness will precede their oaths, and whose oaths will precede their witness." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 8, Book 76, Hadith #437]

AYAH 15

(They will be) on thrones woven with gold and precious stones, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:15)

In dunya you are not allowed sit on silk or gold or wear it.
But in paradise, you will be able to.

AYAH 16

Reclining thereon, face to face. (Al-Waqi'ah 56:16)

It is bad manner to turn your back on someone, so in paradise you will sit face to face.

AYAH 17

They will be served by immortal boys, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:17)

AYAH 18

With cups, and jugs, and a glass from the flowing wine, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:18)

Immortal boys will be forever young and no beard.
There is no beard in paradise and no old people in paradise
You will be 33 years old.
There is wine in paradise but it doesn't make you drunk.

The description of Paradise which the Muttaqun (pious - see V.2:2) have been promised is that in it are rivers of water the taste and smell of which are not changed; rivers of milk of which the taste never changes; rivers of wine delicious to those who drink; and rivers of clarified honey (clear and pure) therein for them is every kind of fruit; and forgiveness from their Lord. (Are these) like those who shall dwell for ever in the Fire, and be given, to drink, boiling water, so that it cuts up their bowels? (Muhammad 47:15)


In paradise there are 100s of rivers.
Rivers of wine, milk, honey, water
However, alcohol is haram in dunya.
And your salah will not be accepted for for 40 days.

Abdullah ibn Umar (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “If anyone drinks wine then his salah over forty days are not approved. If he repents then Allah will relent to him. If he reverts (to it), then Allah will not approve his salah over forty days. If he repents, Allah will relent to him but if he reverts (to it) then Allah will not approve his salah over forty days. If he repents then Allah will relent to him. Again, if he reverts the fourth time, Allah will not approve his salah over forty days and if he repents then Allah will not relent to him and He will give him to drink from the river of Khabal.” Someone asked, “O Abu Abdur Rahman! what is the river of Khabal?’ He said, “The pus of the dwellers of the people of fire.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/290) No. 1862, Sunan Nasa'i (8/317) No. 5670, Musnad Ahmad (2/35) No. 4917, al-Mu’jam al-Kabir al-Tabarani (12/390) No. 13441]

But you must still pray to keep your status as a Muslim.
 
AYAH 19

Wherefrom they will get neither any aching of the head, nor any intoxication. (Al-Waqi'ah 56:19)

The wine of the dunya makes you drunk and vomit
And you do humiliating things

AYAH 20

And fruit; that they may choose. (Al-Waqi'ah 56:20)

There will be a wide variety of fruits in paradise.
Every day the taste will be different but the color will remain the same.

Every time they will be provided with a fruit therefrom, they will say: "This is what we were provided with before," and they will be given things in resemblance (i.e. in the same form but different in taste) (Al-Baqarah 2:25)

AYAH 21

And the flesh of fowls that they desire. (Al-Waqi'ah 56:21)

There will be birds to eat in paradise.
AYAH 22

And (there will be) Houris (fair females) with wide, lovely eyes (as wives for the pious), (Al-Waqi'ah 56:22)

AYAH 23

Like unto preserved pearls. (Al-Waqi'ah 56:23)

The female of paradise will be 33 years old like the men of paradise.
The female of paradise doesn't defecate or menstruate
They will be so beautiful like preserved pearls
Their breast will be huge

And young full-breasted (mature) maidens of equal age; (An-Naba 78:33)

These females of paradise only look at their husband and love their husband alone
 
Wherein both will be those (maidens) restraining their glances upon their husbands, whom no man or jinn yatmithhunna (has opened their hymens with sexual intercourse) before them. (Ar-Rahman 55:56)
Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinns and men) deny? (Ar-Rahman 55:57)
(In beauty) they are like rubies and coral. (Ar-Rahman 55:58)
Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinns and men) deny? (Ar-Rahman 55:59)

These women's beauty is like rubies and pearls.
The ulama use this ayah to say that the jinn have intercourse.
But it is haram for humans to marry jinns

Ibn Taimiya said, “Humans and jinn have gotten married and have had children; this has happened often and is well-known.” (Majmoo Fatwa, vol 19: p 39)

AYAH 24

A reward for what they used to do. (Al-Waqi'ah 56:24)

AYAH 25

No Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk) will they hear therein, nor any sinful speech (like backbiting, etc.). (Al-Waqi'ah 56:25)

 There will be no empty talk in paradise.
 There will be no backbiting in paradise
If you have a wife who doesn’t backbite, tale-bear etc
You should not divorce her because she is a good muslim

Where they shall neither hear harmful speech nor falsehood, (Al-Ghashiyah 88:11)

There is no good in most of their secret talks save (in) him who orders Sadaqah (charity in Allah's Cause), or Ma'ruf (Islamic Monotheism and all the good and righteous deeds which Allah has ordained), or conciliation between mankind, and he who does this, seeking the good Pleasure of Allah, We shall give him a great reward. (An-Nisa 4:114)

AYAH 26

But only the saying of: Salam!, Salam! (greetings with peace) ! (Al-Waqi'ah 56:26)

There will be spreading of salam in paradise.
Salam alaykum is the greeting of dunya and paradise.
Allah (swt) Himself will greet you with as salam alaykum.
 
(It will be said to them) : Salamun (peace be on you), a Word from the Lord (Allah), Most Merciful. (Ya-Sin 36:58)

AYAH 27

And those on the Right Hand, ­ Who will be those on the Right Hand? (Al-Waqi'ah 56:27)

They are the people who will receive their record on their right hand.

AYAH 28

(They will be) among thornless lote-trees, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:28)

AYAH 29

Among Talh (banana-trees) with fruits piled one above another, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:29)

The banana is one of the fruit of paradise
The pomegranate, the fig, the date are all fruits of paradise


AYAH 30

In shade long-extended, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:30)

AYAH 31

By water flowing constantly, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:31)

AYAH 32

And fruit in plenty, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:32)

AYAH 33

Whose season is not limited, and their supply will not be cut off, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:33)

The fruits are within reach
You don’t have to climb the tree to reach them

AYAH 34

And on couches or thrones, raised high. (Al-Waqi'ah 56:34)

AYAH 35

Verily, We have created them (maidens) of special creation. (Al-Waqi'ah 56:35)

AYAH 36

And made them virgins. (Al-Waqi'ah 56:36)

The women of the dunya fancy other men other than their husbands
They have affairs with other men
But the women of paradise will only look at their husbands
Wherein both will be those (maidens) restraining their glances upon their husbands, whom no man or jinn yatmithhunna (has opened their hymens with sexual intercourse) before them. (Ar-Rahman 55:56)

AYAH 37

Loving (their husbands only), equal in age. (Al-Waqi'ah 56:37)


Hasan Basri (RA) says that an old woman came to Rasoolullah (SAW) and made a request, O’ Messenger of Allah make Dua that Allah grants me entrance into Jannah. Rasoolullah (SAW) replied, O’ Mother, an old woman cannot enter Jannah. That woman started crying and began to leave. Rasoolullah (SAW) said, Say to the woman that one will not enter in a state of old age, but Allah will make all the women of Jannah young virgins. Allah Ta’aala says, Lo! We have created them a (new) creation and made them virgins, lovers, equal in age. (Surah Waaqi’ah, 35-37). [Shamaa-il Tirmidhi, Ch35, Hadith #230]

And young full-breasted (mature) maidens of equal age; (An-Naba 78:33)

AYAH 39

A multitude of those (on the Right Hand) will be from the first generation (who embraced Islam). (Al-Waqi'ah 56:39)

AYAH 40

A multitude of those (on the Right Hand) will be from the later generations. (Al-Waqi'ah 56:40)

Even though the tabi’e didn’t meet the rasul (saw)
They have attained status that qualify them to be among the people of right hand
The rasul (saw) refered the muslims who didn’t meet him as his brothers
And he wished to meet them

Anas Ibn Malik (RA) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: I wish that I could meet my brothers. The Sahabah asked: Are we not your brothers? He replied: You are my companions, but my brothers are those who will believe in me without having seen me. (Ahmed)

AYAH 41

And those on the Left Hand Who will be those on the Left Hand? (Al-Waqi'ah 56:41)

AYAH 42

In fierce hot wind and boiling water, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:42)

AYAH 43

And shadow of black smoke, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:43)

AYAH 44

(That shadow) neither cool, nor (even) good, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:44)

AYAH 45

Verily, before that, they indulged in luxury, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:45)

AYAH 46

And were persisting in great sin (joining partners in worship along with Allah, committing murders and other crimes, etc.)[] (Al-Waqi'ah 56:46)

AYAH 47

And they used to say: "When we die and become dust and bones, shall we then indeed be resurrected? (Al-Waqi'ah 56:47)
 
These are the ones who committed shirk and murder and other crimes.
Those who denied the day of judgement is because they are evil personified.
Most of the jews in Israel are atheist
These people who deny the resurrection are giving themselves false hope

AYAH 48

"And also our forefathers?" (Al-Waqi'ah 56:48)

AYAH 49

Say (O Muhammad SAW) : "(Yes) verily, those of old, and those of later times. (Al-Waqi'ah 56:49)

The knowledge of when is the day of judgement is only with Allah (swt)
We know is on a Friday and that it will be in Jerusalem

 “And when is the Hour?” He said, “The one who is questioned does not know more about it than the one who asks.” He asked, “Then what are its Signs?” He said, “That a maid-servant will beget her mistress and that you see barefooted, naked-bodied, helpless shepherds construct tall buildings.”... [Bukhari 47, Muslim 4, Tirmidhi 2619, Abu Dawud 4695, Nisai 5005,Ibn Majah 63, Ahmed 184]

Abu Dhar Al-Ghiffari said, "Messenger of Allah, which is better, the prayers in this mosque of yours or the prayers in (the mosque) of Jerusalem?" The Prophet ~ said, "Prayers in my mosque are better than four prayers in Jerusalem, though it is the best place to pray, for it is the land of Resurrection. A time will come when if a man can see Jerusalem through the loop with which he hangs his whip [i.e. it is very close to him], it will be better for him than all the pleasures of this world." [insert takreej]

AYAH 50

"All will surely be gathered together for appointed Meeting of a known Day. (Al-Waqi'ah 56:50)
 

But of that day and hour knoweth no [man], no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only. (Matthew 24:36) King James Version

END OF LECTURE