Tuesday, September 30, 2014

(NOTES & AUDIO) - Tafsir Surah Al A' Araf - Part 7 - The Leaders Of Kufr Plot Against The Haqq

Tafsir Surah Al A' Araf - Part 7 - The Leaders Of Kufr Plot Against The Haqq 
By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
Sunday 28th September 2014

Download: https://archive.org/details/TafsirSurahAlAArafPart7TheLeadersOfKufrPlotAgainstTheHaqq



Indeed, We sent Nuh (Noah) to his people and he said: "O my people! Worship Allah! You have no other Ilah (God) but Him. (La ilaha ill-Allah): none has the right to be worshipped but Allah). Certainly, I fear for you the torment of a Great Day!" (Al-A'raf 7:59)

The great day is judgement day
Day of Judgement has 50 names


The leaders of his people said: "Verily, we see you in plain error." (Al-A'raf 7:60)

The people who rebelled against the message of Nuh (as) were the leaders
Whenever a prophet comes with a message it is always the leaders who rebel

And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies - Shayatin (devils) among mankind and jinns, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion (or by way of deception). If your Lord had so willed, they would not have done it, so leave them alone with their fabrications. (Tafseer Qurtubi, Vol.7, Page 67) (Al-An'am 6:112)

The leaders are the ones who champion the cause to rebel

And thus We have set up in every town great ones of its wicked people to plot therein. But they plot not except against their ownselves, and they perceive (it) not. (Al-An'am 6:123)

So why is it that the leaders of the people are the ones who rebel?
Eg Nimrod rebelled against Ibrahim (as)
Firawn against Musa (as)
Abu Jahl against Muhammad SAW

1) The leaders are threatened and think that the prophets will take away the influence that they enjoy over the people

2) The message of the prophets will take away the mushriks’ financial gains they receive from shirk, e.g the selling of idols.

Tauheed goes against the status quo
Shirk is a multimillion dollar business

Reminder: On Day Of Judgement they will confess to their sins
They will say YES a messenger did come
But we told the torch bearers that they brought nothing to us (message)

It almost bursts up with fury. Every time a group is cast therein, its keeper will ask: "Did no warner come to you?" (Al-Mulk 67:8)
They will say: "Yes indeed; a warner did come to us, but we belied him and said: 'Allah never sent down anything (of revelation), you are only in great error.'" (Al-Mulk 67:9)
And they will say: "Had we but listened or used our intelligence, we would not have been among the dwellers of the blazing Fire!" (Al-Mulk 67:10)
Then they will confess their sin. So, away with the dwellers of the blazing Fire. (Al-Mulk 67:11)


[Nuh (Noah)] said: "O my people! There is no error in me, but I am a Messenger from the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)! (Al-A'raf 7:61)

Whenever a person accuse you, you are supposed to defend yourself
This is why Noah (as) spoke out and defended himself
When they accused Muhammad (saws) Allah (swt) defended him

And (O people) your companion (Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) is not a madman; (At-Takwir 81:22)
And indeed he (Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) saw him [Jibrael (Gabriel)] in the clear horizon (towards the east). (At-Takwir 81:23)


"I convey unto you the Messages of my Lord and give sincere advice to you. And I know from Allah what you know not. (Al-A'raf 7:62)

There is a hadith that says that deen is good advice.

الحديث السابع
«عن أبي رقية تميم بن أوس الداري رضي الله تعالى عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم قال الدين النصيحة.
 قلنا: لمن؟ قال لله، ولكتابه، ولرسوله، ولأئمة المسلمين وعامتهم» .
رواه مسلم.
On the authority of Tameem ibn Aus ad-Daree (RA): The Prophet (SAW) said, "The deen (religion) is naseehah (advice, sincerity)." We said "To whom?" He (SAW) said "To Allah, His Book, His Messenger, and to the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk." Related by Muslim.

And the best advice that one can give is 'Fear Allah'
Prophet Nuh told his people 'I am a sincere advisor to you'

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (RA) as saying: Six are the rights of a Muslim over another Muslim. It was said to him: Allah's Messenger, what are these? Thereupon he said: When you meet him, offer him greetings; when he invites you to a feast accept it, when he seeks your council give him, and when he sneezes and says: "All praise is due to Allah," you say Yarhamuk Allah (may Allah show mercy to you); and when he falls ill visit him; and when he dies follow his bier. [Sahih Muslim (4/1705) No. 2162, Musnad Ahmad (2/372) No. 8832, al-Adab al-Mufrad al-Bukhari No. 925]


"Do you wonder that there has come to you a Reminder from your Lord through a man from amongst you, that he may warn you, so that you may fear Allah and that you may receive (His) Mercy?" (Al-A'raf 7:63)

People of Nuh asked why a man came to give them a message

And they say: "Why does this Messenger (Muhammad SAW) eat food, and walk about in the markets (like ourselves). Why is not an angel sent down to him to be a warner with him? (Al-Furqan 25:7)
"Or (why) has not a treasure been granted to him, or why has he not a garden whereof he may eat?" And the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.) say: "You follow none but a man bewitched." (Al-Furqan 25:8)

The kuffar of Quraish said the same to prophet Muhammad SAW.
Why does Allah (swt) send men as messengers?
Had Allah (swt) sent angels as messengers
We would have used this as an argument against Allah (swt) on the Day of Judgement
Saying, how can we possibly do what the angels do?
So Allah (swt) chose humans as a messenger to humans.

Abu Talhah (RA) narrated: We complained to Allah (swt)’s Messenger (SAW) about our hunger and raising from our stomach (the garment) bared the stone each of us had tied to it. He showed that he had two stones (tied to his stomach.) [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/585) No. 2371, Bayhaqi in ‘Shu'ab al Emaan’ (13/54) No. 9943]

Say (O Muhammad SAW) : "I am only a man like you. It has been inspired to me that your Ilah (God) is One Ilah (God i.e. Allah). So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord." (Al-Kahf 18:110)


But they belied him, so We saved him and those along with him in the ship, and We drowned those who belied Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). They were indeed a blind people. (Al-A'raf 7:64)

Nuh warned his people for 950 years
What was their crime?
They were the first to dabble in shirk.
How many people were on Noah’s ark?
According to Ibn Abbas they were 80 people
So over a period of 950 years only 80 people believed.
His own wife was not a believer
Two prophets had kaafir wives - Nuh & Lut AS
Nuh’s AS own son was a disbeliever:

And he [Nuh (Noah)] said: "Embark therein, in the Name of Allah will be its moving course and its resting anchorage. Surely, my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (Tafsir At-Tabari, Vol. 12, Page 43) (Hud 11:41)

So it (the ship) sailed with them amidst the waves like mountains, and Nuh (Noah) called out to his son, who had separated himself (apart), "O my son! Embark with us and be not with the disbelievers." (Hud 11:42)

The son replied: "I will betake myself to a mountain, it will save me from the water." Nuh (Noah) said: "This day there is no saviour[] from the Decree of Allah except him on whom He has mercy." And a wave came in between them, so he (the son) was among the drowned. (Hud 11:43)

And it was said: "O earth! Swallow up your water, and O sky! Withhold (your rain)." And the water was diminished (made to subside) and the Decree (of Allah) was fulfilled (i.e. the destruction of the people of Nuh (Noah). And it (the ship) rested on Mount Judi, and it was said:"Away with the people who are Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doing)!" (Hud 11:44)

This was the demise of the people of Nuh


And to 'Ad (people, We sent) their brother Hud. He said: "O my people! Worship Allah! You have no other Ilah (God) but Him. (La ilaha ill-Allah: none has the right to be worshipped but Allah). Will you not fear (Allah)?" (Al-A'raf 7:65)

After the destruction of the people of Nuh, the people of Ad took over
They were from Sem which is where the term 'Semitic' comes from.

The people of Ad were living in Yemen
They took over from the people of Nuh
They were Arabs
We know this because the Yeminis are the father of the Arabs
The Yeminis are the original Arabs
Arabic language originated from Yemen.
Nuh had three sons
One of Nuhs sons was called Jesop - the father of the white people
Sem - the father of the Semitic people

Did you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) not see (thought) how your Lord dealt with 'Ad (people)? (Al-Fajr 89:6)
Who were very tall like lofty pillars, (Al-Fajr 89:7)
The like of which were not created in the land? (Al-Fajr 89:8)

The people of Ad were tall people
And were proud of their height


The leaders of those who disbelieved among his people said: "Verily, we see you in foolishness, and verily, we think you are one of the liars." (Al-A'raf 7:66)

When their prophet came to them they gave many reasons
Why they should not follow their prophet Hud.

On the Day when their faces will be turned over in the Fire, they will say: "Oh, would that we had obeyed Allah and obeyed the Messenger (Muhammad SAW)." (Al-Ahzab 33:66)
And they will say: "Our Lord! Verily, we obeyed our chiefs and our great ones, and they misled us from the (Right) Way. (Al-Ahzab 33:67)
Our Lord! give them double torment and curse them with a mighty curse!" (Al-Ahzab 33:68)

The leaders were the one who incited the rebellion
The leaders are people like Abu Lahab and Abu Jahl
They incited the people against the haqq
This was the case in Prophets Nuh and Hud
Most people didn't believe them
Because the leaders of the community turned the people against them
In the time of the Prophet Muhammad (saw)
The leaders of Makkah were killed at the battle of Badr
And their bodies were dumped in a disused well
If the leaders of kufr are not fought, they will incite the people against the haqq

But if they violate their oaths after their covenant, and attack your religion with disapproval and criticism then fight (you) the leaders of disbelief (chiefs of Quraish - pagans of Makkah) - for surely their oaths are nothing to them - so that they may stop (evil actions). (At-Tawbah 9:12)

Allah (swt) here commands the people to fight the leaders of kufr
Because they are the ones who incite the people against the haqq


(Hud) said: "O my people! There is no foolishness in me, but (I am) a Messenger from the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)! (Al-A'raf 7:67)

The people of Hud said their gods put an evil spell on him and turned him into a fool
Because he did not want to worship their gods


"I convey unto you the Messages of my Lord, and I am a trustworthy adviser (or well­wisher) for you. (Al-A'raf 7:68)


"Do you wonder that there has come to you a Reminder (and an advice) from your Lord through a man from amongst you that he may warn you? And remember that He made you successors after the people of Nuh (Noah), and increased you amply in stature. So remember the graces (bestowed upon you) from Allah, so that you may be successful."(Al-A'raf 7:69)

People always have a problem with leadership
When Allah (swt) sent Saul as a leader, they didn't want to accept him

And their Prophet (Samuel) said to them, "Indeed Allah has appointed Talut (Saul) as a king over you." They said, "How can he be a king over us when we are better fitted than him for the kingdom, and he has not been given enough wealth." He said: "Verily, Allah has chosen him above you and has increased him abundantly in knowledge and stature. And Allah grants His Kingdom to whom He wills. And Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures' needs, All-Knower." (Al-Baqarah 2:247)

The hypocrites of the Ummah said Abu Bakr Baghdadi (HA) is a Jew
Likewise they criticise all the Messengers of Allah (swt)
And they use their human nature against them
As if to say it is a sin to be born as a human


They said: "You have come to us that we should worship Allah Alone and forsake that which our fathers used to worship. So bring us that wherewith you have threatened us if you are of the truthful." (Al-A'raf 7:70)

Every pagan is loyal to a fault because they are loyal to shirk
They used the same argument against the Prophet

When it is said to them: "Follow what Allah has sent down." They say: "Nay! We shall follow what we found our fathers following." (Would they do that!) Even though their fathers did not understand anything nor were they guided? (Al-Baqarah 2:170)

"Has he made the aliha (gods) (all) into One Ilah (God - Allah). Verily, this is a curious thing!" (Sad 38:5)

Here they ask if he was trying to make all their gods one god?

There was no incentive to follow the haqq
because they could not make money from believing in Allah (swt)
They cannot buy and sell Allah (swt)
Like they buy and sell their idols

The people use to build their homes out of rocks
They built palaces just to show off
The palaces were made from rock

"Do you build high palaces on every high place, while you do not live in them? (Ash-Shu'ara 26:128)
"And do you get for yourselves palaces (fine buildings) as if you will live therein for ever. (Ash-Shu'ara 26:129)
"And when you seize, seize you as tyrants? (Ash-Shu'ara 26:130)
"So fear Allah, keep your duty to Him, and obey me. (Ash-Shu'ara 26:131)

These infidels of today build their buildings tall as if they are going to live forever
They show off with their infrastructure by constructing tall buildings
Just like the people of Ad

And as for 'Ad, they were destroyed by a furious violent wind; (Al-Haqqah 69:6)
Which Allah imposed on them for seven nights and eight days in succession, so that you could see men lying overthrown (destroyed), as if they were hollow trunks of date-palms! (Al-Haqqah 69:7)
Do you see any remnants of them? (Al-Haqqah 69:8)

Allah (swt) destroyed the people of Ad with a violent wind
He (swt) destroyed the people of Ad because of their crime of shirk
They worship idols

They said: "O Hud! No evidence have you brought us, and we shall not leave our gods for your (mere) saying! And we are not believers in you. (Hud 11:53)
"All that we say is that some of our gods (false deities) have seized you with evil (madness)." He said: "I call Allah to witness and bear you witness that I am free from that which you ascribe as partners in worship, - (Hud 11:54)
With Him (Allah). So plot against me, all of you, and give me no respite. (Hud 11:55)
"I put my trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord! There is not a moving (living) creature but He has grasp of its forelock. Verily, my Lord is on the Straight Path (the truth). (Hud 11:56)

They claimed that their reason for not believing is because
Prophet Hud didn’t bring any evidence to them
Kuffaar like to section off the believers as mentally ill
Only because they believe in Allah (swt)
Because they cannot understand why we love Allah (swt) so much


(Hud) said: "Torment and wrath have already fallen on you from your Lord. Dispute you with me over names which you have named - you and your fathers, with no authority from Allah? Then wait, I am with you among those who wait." (Al-A'raf 7:71)


So We saved him and those who were with him by a Mercy from Us, and We cut the roots of those who belied Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), and they were not believers. (Al-A'raf 7:72)

kuffaar always accuse Allah (swt) of things He did not do
They always describe Allah (swt) with names that are inappropriate for Him