Tuesday, September 2, 2014

(Notes & Audio) Tafsir Surah Muddaththir (1) - You shall be Dumped in Saqar

TAFSEER SURAH MUDATHTHIR (1):

YOU SHALL BE DUMPED INTO SAQAR


BY SHAIKH ABDULLAH FAISAL

31 September 2014 / 5 Dhul Qa’dah 1435 (Evening)






Download; https://archive.org/details/TafsirSurahMudathirYouShallBeDumpedInSaqqr310814part1


Notes taken by tilmeedha1
Edited by AT6


- Surah Mudaththir is a Makkan Surah.
- It’s the 2nd surah to be revealed in the Qur’an.


AYAH 1

يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُدَّثِّرُ ﴿١﴾

O you (Muhammad SAW) enveloped (in garments)! (Al-Muddaththir 74:1)


AYAH 2

قُمْ فَأَنذِرْ ﴿٢﴾

Arise and warn! (Al-Muddaththir 74:2)


- This is a commandment

- The Rasool (SAWS) was in the cave of Hirah & the angel came to him with the revelation of surah Alaq.
- After the angel revealed the surah, there was a pause in revelation

- The Rasool (SAWS) was walking down the road and he saw the angel in the horizon
- So he (SAWS) ran home and asked his family members to cover him

.....Then Allah's Apostle returned with the Inspiration and with his heart beating severely. Then he went to Khadijah bint Khuwailid and said, "Cover me! Cover me!" They covered him till his fear was over and after that he told her everything that had happened and said, "I fear that something may happen to me."...... [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Book 1, Hadith #003]

Narrated Jabir bin `Abdullah:That he heard Allah's Messenger () describing the period of pause of the Divine Inspiration, and in his description he said, "While I was walking I heard a voice from the sky. I looked up towards the sky, and behold! I saw the same Angel who came to me in the Cave of Hira', sitting on a chair between the sky and the earth.
I was so terrified by him that I fell down on the ground. Then I went to my wife and said, 'Wrap me in garments! Wrap me in garments!' They wrapped me, and then Allah revealed: "O you, (Muhammad) wrapped-up! Arise and warn...and desert the idols." (74.1-5)
Abu Salama said....Rujz means idols." After that, the Divine Inspiration started coming more frequently and regularly.  Vol. 6, Book 60, Hadith 448

- So this is when Allah revealed 'Oh you who is wrapped up in garments ......'
- This is the Surah that turned Muhammed (SAWS) into a Rasool.
- Whereas Surah Alaq turned him into a Prophet.
- ‘Arise and warn’ means you should spread the message not keep it to yourself.

Arise and warn! (Al-Muddaththir 74:2)

- If one doesn’t enjoin the good & forbid the evil then when Allah’s punishment arrives it will envelope everyone.

And fear the Fitnah (affliction and trial, etc.) which affects not in particular (only) those of you who do wrong (but it may afflict all the good and the bad people), and know that Allah is Severe in punishment. (Al-Anfal 8:25)

On the authority of Abu Umar who said: Allah sent two angels to destroy a township with a natural disaster, but when they got there they found a man praying in the mosque. They went back to Allah and said: 'O Allah we found a man praying in the mosque.' Allah said to the two angels: 'Go back and destroy the township with that man as well because not once did he ever frown when he saw the people indulging in haram.' [Ibnul Qayyim, al-Jawaab al-Kaafi (Vol. 1, pg. 46)]

- Ibn Al Qayim Al Jawziyyah mentions the above hadith in his book.
- When this surah arrived the people’s deen was kufr, shirk & zandaqa
- zandaqaa means heresy - to make up your own religion


AYAH 3

وَرَبَّكَ فَكَبِّرْ ﴿٣﴾

And your Lord (Allah) magnify! (Al-Muddaththir 74:3)


- Muhammad (SAWS) had to warn the people regarding their way of life.
- He had to go against the status quo.
- This meant that he (SAWS) would encounter many enemies.

- Single out Allah in ibaada and do not ascribe partners with him


AYAH 4

وَثِيَابَكَ فَطَهِّرْ ﴿٤﴾

And your garments purify! (Al-Muddaththir 74:4)


- This means that we are not allowed to offer salah in garments which are soiled, for if we do our salah becomes baatil.
- This highlights one of the conditions of salaah which is to be free from najaasa.
- E.g. urine, faeces etc.

Narrated By Ibn Abbas: The Prophet once passed by two graves, and those two persons (in the graves) were being tortured. He said, "They are being tortured not for a great thing (to avoid). One of them never saved himself from being soiled with his urine, while the other was going about with calumnies (to make enmity between friends). He then took a green leaf of a date-palm tree split it into two pieces and fixed one on each grave. The people said, "O Allah's Apostle! Why have you done so?" He replied, "I hope that their punishment may be lessened till they (the leaf) become dry." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 2, Book 23, Hadith #443]

- The musallah must also be clean.
- The musallah is the place of sujood.

Truly, Allah loves those who turn unto Him in repentance and loves those who purify themselves (by taking a bath and cleaning and washing thoroughly their private parts, bodies, for their prayers, etc.). (Al-Baqarah 2:222)

- Failing to practice personal hygiene is also a reason for divorce.
- The kuffar find it difficult to relate to the fact that the Muslims are always washing.

Narrated Abû Mâlik Al-Hârith bin Âsim Al-Ash’ari: Allah’s Messenger said, “Cleanliness is half of Faith; the utterance of Allah (Al-hamdu lillah – all praise belongs to Allah) fills the scales of good actions; [MUSLIM]

Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "If it was not for the fact that I might have been overburdening my community - or the people - I would have ordered them to use the siwak for every prayer." [al-Bukhari (887) and Muslim (252)]

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah in al-Fataawa al-Kubra (5/307): It is obligatory to do ghusl on Fridays for one who is sweaty or has an odour that may offend others. End quote.

- Hygiene is one of the beauties of the deen of islaam

It was narrated that 'Aishah said: "I remember when I found it (semen) on the garment of the Messenger of Allah and I scratched it off." [ibn majah]

- Male seminal fluids should be removed from garments prior to the performance of the prayer
- The male seminal fluid is not najaasa according to the hanbali fiqh
- Also we are allowed to pray with our shoes on providing there is no najasaa on the shoes

Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri narrated: Whilst the Prophet (SAW) was leading his companions in prayer, he took off his shoes and placed them to his left. When the people saw that, they took off their shoes. When the Messenger of Allah had finished the prayer he said, “What made you take off your shoes?” They said, “We saw you take off your shoes, so we took off our shoes.” The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Jibreel (AS) came to me and told me that there was some dirt on them.” And he said: “When one of you comes to the mosque, let him check his shoes, and if he seeds any dirt on them, let him wipe them and pray in them.” [Sunan Abu Dawud (1/175) No. 650 and Musnad Ahmad (3/92) No. 11895]


AYAH 5

وَالرُّجْزَ فَاهْجُرْ ﴿٥﴾

And keep away from Ar-Rujz (the idols)! (Al-Muddaththir 74:5)


- All muslims should stay away from shirk

And indeed it has been revealed to you (O Muhammad SAW), as it was to those (Allah's Messengers) before you: "If you join others in worship with Allah, (then) surely (all) your deeds will be in vain, and you will certainly be among the losers." (Az-Zumar 39:65)

- Allah even commands the Prophets to stay away from shirk.

- Musa (AS) left the following instructions for his brother Haroon (AS)

.. And Musa (Moses) said to his brother Harun (Aaron) : "Replace me among my people, act in the Right Way (by ordering the people to obey Allah and to worship Him Alone) and follow not the way of the Mufsidun (mischief-makers)." (Al-A'raf 7:142)


AYAH 6

وَلَا تَمْنُن تَسْتَكْثِرُ ﴿٦﴾

And give not a thing in order to have more (or consider not your deeds of Allah's obedience as a favour to Allah). (Al-Muddaththir 74:6)


- So be sincere with gifts
- In democracy if you are campaigning for presidency and someone gifts you a million dollars, he is expecting that the president will in turn give him large billion dollar contracts - kick backs
- So these are not gifts but undercover investments

- We are instructed in this ayah to not give gifts to attract a larger better gift in return.


AYAH 7

وَلِرَبِّكَ فَاصْبِرْ ﴿٧﴾

And be patient for the sake of your Lord (i.e. perform your duty to Allah)! (Al-Muddaththir 74:7)


- Since you are commanded with 'Arise & warn' you will come into direct conflict for opposing the status quo.
- Hence sabr is required in such situations in order not to buckle under pressure.

And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies - Shayatin (devils) among mankind and jinns, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion (or by way of deception). If your Lord had so willed, they would not have done it, so leave them alone with their fabrications. (Tafseer Qurtubi, Vol.7, Page 67) (Al-An'am 6:112)

- Allah confirms that the prophets have enemies from amongst jinn & mankind.
- So Allah commands patience to counteract the enemies’ pressure.

Narrated Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri: that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "How can I be comfortable when the one with the horn is holding it in his lips and his forehead is leaning forward, waiting to be given permission to blow?" The Muslims said: "So what should we say, O Messenger of Allah?" He said: "Say: 'Allah is sufficient for us and what a good protector He is. We rely upon [our Lord] Allah'" - and perhaps Sufyan (one of the narrators) said: "upon Allah we rely."  [Sunan at-Tirmidhi (4/620) No. 2431]


AYAH 8

فَإِذَا نُقِرَ فِي النَّاقُورِ ﴿٨﴾

Then, when the Trumpet is sounded (i.e. its second blowing); (Al-Muddaththir 74:8)


- Naaqoor means trumpet

Narrated Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri: that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "How can I be comfortable when the one with the horn is holding it in his lips and his forehead is leaning forward, waiting to be given permission to blow?" The Muslims said: "So what should we say, O Messenger of Allah?" He said: "Say: 'Allah is sufficient for us and what a good protector He is. We rely upon [our Lord] Allah'" - and perhaps Sufyan (one of the narrators) said: "upon Allah we rely."  [Sunan at-Tirmidhi (4/620) No. 2431]

- How many times will the angel blow into the trumpet?
- 3 times according to Ibn Taymiyyah.
- Some say twice but thrice is the correct opinion.
- The blowing in ayah 8 refers to the third & final blowing.


AYAH 9

فَذَٰلِكَ يَوْمَئِذٍ يَوْمٌ عَسِيرٌ ﴿٩﴾

Truly, that Day will be a Hard Day. (Al-Muddaththir 74:9)


AYAH 10

عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ غَيْرُ يَسِيرٍ ﴿١٠﴾

Far from easy for the disbelievers. (Al-Muddaththir 74:10)


- The disbelievers admit that this day will be a hard day for them.
- Because the fire will be brought for them to witness and their destiny will be confirmed.
- Because in the dunya the kuffar were not pious
- They experimented with every haram
- So they admit that this day is a hard day, far from ease

They say: "Shall we indeed be returned to (our) former state of life? (An-Nazi'at 79:10)

"Even after we are crumbled bones?" (An-Nazi'at 79:11)

They say: "It would in that case, be a return with loss!" (An-Nazi'at 79:12)

Hastening towards the caller, the disbelievers will say: "This is a hard Day." (Al-Qamar 54:8)


AYAH 11

ذَرْنِي وَمَنْ خَلَقْتُ وَحِيدًا ﴿١١﴾

Leave Me Alone (to deal) with whom I created Alone (without any means, i.e. Al-Walid bin Al-Mughirah Al-Makhzumi)! (Al-Muddaththir 74:11)


- Abu Jahl belonged to the Makhzoom clan
- This clan was very jealous of the Rasool (SAWS)
- The man that Allah refers to here is Al Waleed ibn Mugheerah
- He was from bani Makhzoom and he wanted to be the prophet.

- People of Makkah would ask “why didnt Allah reveal the Qur’an to Al Waleed ibn Mugheerah or Amr ibn Umayr ath-Thaqafi of Taif?”
- They felt that Muhammad (SAWS) was not a befitting candidate for the role of a prophet as he was a poor, orphaned boy whereas the other two were powerful men.

But Allah chooses for His Mercy whom He wills. And Allah is the Owner of Great Bounty. (Al-Baqarah 2:105)

- You cannot dictate to Allah who to bless
- We have to submit and accept the qadar of Allah


AYAH 12

وَجَعَلْتُ لَهُ مَالًا مَّمْدُودًا ﴿١٢﴾

And then granted him resources in abundance. (Al-Muddaththir 74:12)


AYAH 13

وَبَنِينَ شُهُودًا ﴿١٣﴾

And children to be by his side! (Al-Muddaththir 74:13)


- Allah blessed this kafir with wealth & children.
- He had servants to work on his behalf so his children did not have to leave his side.


AYAH 14

وَمَهَّدتُّ لَهُ تَمْهِيدًا ﴿١٤﴾

And made life smooth and comfortable for him! (Al-Muddaththir 74:14)


- He lived in luxury

And those on the Left Hand Who will be those on the Left Hand? (Al-Waqi'ah 56:41)

In fierce hot wind and boiling water, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:42)

And shadow of black smoke, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:43)

(That shadow) neither cool, nor (even) good, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:44)

Verily, before that, they indulged in luxury, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:45)

And whoever disbelieved, let not his disbelief grieve you (O Muhammad SAW),. to Us is their return, and We shall inform them what they have done. Verily, Allah is the All­Knower of what is in the breasts (of men). (Luqman 31:23)

We let them enjoy for a little while, then in the end We shall oblige them to (enter) a great torment. (Luqman 31:24)

- Waleed ibn Al Mugheerah and such people are mentioned again in the above verses.
- So we must not become envious and jealous of the kuffaar.


AYAH 15

ثُمَّ يَطْمَعُ أَنْ أَزِيدَ ﴿١٥﴾

After all that he desires that I should give more; (Al-Muddaththir 74:15)


- Man is greedy.

Beautified for men is the love of things they covet; women, children, much of gold and silver (wealth), branded beautiful horses, cattle and well-tilled land. This is the pleasure of the present world's life; but Allah has the excellent return (Paradise with flowing rivers, etc.) with Him. (Aali Imran 3:14)

- After receiving all these blessings, man still wants more out of his greed.

Ibn ‘Abbâs narrated: I heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW) saying, “If a son of Adam had a valley full of gold, he would desire to have two. Nothing can fill his mouth except the dust (of his grave). Allah turns with mercy to him who turns to Him in repentance.” [al-Bukhari (6437) and Muslim (1049)]

- Because man is so greedy, he also then becomes very ungrateful.


AYAH 16

كَلَّا ۖ إِنَّهُ كَانَ لِآيَاتِنَا عَنِيدًا ﴿١٦﴾

Nay! Verily, he has been stubborn and opposing Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). (Al-Muddaththir 74:16)


REASONS WHY MAN OPPOSES ALLAH’S REVELATIONS

1) HE IS ADDICTED TO HIS EVIL & CORRUPTED DESIRES, HE WORSHIPS HIS DESIRES

Have you seen him who takes his own lust (vain desires) as his ilah (god), and Allah knowing (him as such), left him astray, and sealed his hearing and his heart, and put a cover on his sight. Who then will guide him after Allah? Will you not then remember? (Al-Jathiyah 45:23)

2) HE IS LOYAL TO A FAULT - HIS CULTURE & RELIGION

When it is said to them: "Follow what Allah has sent down." They say: "Nay! We shall follow what we found our fathers following." (Would they do that!) Even though their fathers did not understand anything nor were they guided? (Al-Baqarah 2:170)

- Our loyality should be to haq only.
- Not to that which is baatil (false)

3) PRIDE

- Pride causes people to rebel against the haqq
- Just as the plight of Nimrod, Abu Jahl & the Pharoah
- Pride caused them to reject the haq
- This was also the plight of their father, Iblees.

And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate yourselves before Adam.". And they prostrated except Iblis (Satan), he refused and was proud and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allah). (Al-Baqarah 2:34)

- This kufr is called 'kufr Istikbaar'

4) RACISM

- Some people refused to believe in Muhammad (SAWS) because he was an Arab as did the Jews.
- In doing such they chose hellfire over paradise in the name of assabiyya - racism

Ibn Ishaq on the authority of 'Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr ibn Muhammad Ibn 'Amr Ibn Hazm narrated: Safiyya bint Huyayy (RA) said: I was my father's favorite and also a favorite with my uncle Yasir. They could never see me with one of their children without picking me up. When the Messenger of Allah (SAW) came to Medina, my father and my uncle went to see him. It was very early in the morning and between dawn and sunrise. They did not return until the sun was setting. They came back worn out and depressed, walking with slow, heavy steps. I smiled to them as I always did, but neither of them took any notice of me because they were so miserable. I head Abu Yasir ask my father, "Is it him?" "Yes, it is." "Can you recognize him? Can you verify it?" "Yes, I can recognize him too well." "What do you feel towards him?" "Enmity, enmity as long as I live." [Seerah Ibn Hisham (2/119)]


AYAH 17

سَأُرْهِقُهُ صَعُودًا ﴿١٧﴾

I shall oblige him to (climb a slippery mountain in the Hell-fire called As­Sa'ud, or to) face a severe torment! (Al-Muddaththir 74:17)


AYAH 18

إِنَّهُ فَكَّرَ وَقَدَّرَ ﴿١٨﴾

Verily, he thought and plotted; (Al-Muddaththir 74:18)


Ibn 'Abbas narrated, "Verily, Al-Walid bin Al-Mughirah prepared some food for the Quraysh. So when they had eaten from it he said, 'What do you have to say about this man' Some of them said, 'He is a magician.' Others said, 'He is not a magician.' Then some of them said, 'He is a soothsayer.' But others said, 'He is not a soothsayer.' Some of them said, 'He is a poet.' But others said, 'He is not a poet.'
Some of them said, 'This is magic from that of old.' Thus, they eventually all agreed that it was magic from ancient times. Then, when this news reached the Prophet, he became grieved, covered his head and wrapped himself up. This is when Allah revealed, O you enveloped in garments! Arise and warn! And magnify your Lord! And purify your garments! And keep away from Ar-Rujz (the idols)! And give not a thing in order to have more (or consider not your deeds of obedience to Allah as a favour to Him). And be patient for the sake of your Lord (i.e., perform your duty to Allah)!  [al-Mu’jam al-Kabir al-Tabarani (11/125) No. 11250]

- When the message of Islam spread in Makkah, Waleed ibn Mugheerah decided to slander Muhammad (SAWS), to discredit him.
- A famous slander in modern times is paedophilia


AYAH 19

فَقُتِلَ كَيْفَ قَدَّرَ ﴿١٩﴾

So let him be cursed! How he plotted! (Al-Muddaththir 74:19)


AYAH 20

ثُمَّ قُتِلَ كَيْفَ قَدَّرَ ﴿٢٠﴾

And once more let him be cursed, how he plotted! (Al-Muddaththir 74:20)


- Allah is explaining that when you plot harm upon his servants, it backfires upon the plotter because Allah says:

 'Whosoever acts with enmity towards a Friend of Mine, I will indeed declare war against him"[Hadith Qudsi: Bukhari]

- Some people suffer in life because of their declaration & actions of hatred & enmity towards a wali of Allah
- E.g. hurricane katrina and 9/11


AYAH 21

ثُمَّ نَظَرَ ﴿٢١﴾

Then he thought; (Al-Muddaththir 74:21)


AYAH 22

ثُمَّ عَبَسَ وَبَسَرَ ﴿٢٢﴾

Then he frowned and he looked in a bad tempered way; (Al-Muddaththir 74:22)


AYAH 23

ثُمَّ أَدْبَرَ وَاسْتَكْبَرَ ﴿٢٣﴾

Then he turned back and was proud; (Al-Muddaththir 74:23)


- Waleed ibn Mugheerah’s wealth & fame got to his head and so he rejected the message of Muhammad (SAWS)
- He followed in the footsteps of his brothers Nimrod & Pharaoh
- History repeats itself


AYAH 24

فَقَالَ إِنْ هَـٰذَا إِلَّا سِحْرٌ يُؤْثَرُ ﴿٢٤﴾

Then he said: "This is nothing but magic from that of old; (Al-Muddaththir 74:24)


- In the council they unanimously decided to slander Muhammad’s (SAWS) name by calling him a magician
- The people of Makkah wanted Allah to reveal the Qur’an to somebody else who had wealth, fame & power.

And they say: "Why is not this Qur'an sent down to some great man of the two towns (Makkah and Ta'if)?" (Az-Zukhruf 43:31)


AYAH 25

إِنْ هَـٰذَا إِلَّا قَوْلُ الْبَشَرِ ﴿٢٥﴾

"This is nothing but the word of a human being!" (Al-Muddaththir 74:25)


- The kuffar past & present accuse Muhammad SAWS of authoring the Qur’an.
- The Quran is the SPEECH of Allah - Kalaamullah
- Many scientists take shahaadah after studying the Qur’an, because they acknowledge that it is not the speech of man but the uncreated speech of Allah.

Nay! If he (Abu Jahl) ceases not, We will catch him by the forelock, (Al-'Alaq 96:15)

A lying, sinful forelock! (Al-'Alaq 96:16)

- Brain surgeons discovered that it is the frontal lobe of the brain that is used to fabricate a lie
- This is a scientific fact

He has created the heavens without any pillars, that you see and has set on the earth firm mountains, lest it should shake with you. And He has scattered therein moving (living) creatures of all kinds. And We send down water (rain) from the sky, and We cause (plants) of every goodly kind to grow therein. (Luqman 31:10)

He has let loosed the two seas (the salt water and the sweet) meeting together. (Ar-Rahman 55:19)

Between them is a barrier which none of them can transgress. (Ar-Rahman 55:20)
Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinns and men) deny? (Ar-Rahman 55:21)

- The above is another scientific fact - the kuffar only discovered this in the 1980s.
- Thus the Qur’an has convinced multitudes of scientists that Allah is the author of the Qur’an.

So this day We shall deliver your (dead) body (out from the sea) that you may be a sign to those who come after you! And verily, many among mankind are heedless of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs , revelations, etc.). (Yunus 10:92)


AYAH 26

سَأُصْلِيهِ سَقَرَ ﴿٢٦﴾

I will cast him into Hell-fire (Al-Muddaththir 74:26)


- Saqar is a part of hell
- It is exclusive to those who are atheists and deny the day of judgement
- So the Pharoh and Nimrod will be in saqar

- This is one of the great predictions of the Holy Qur’an.