Friday, September 12, 2014

(NOTES & AUDIO) Tafsir Surah Qasas - Makkah Is The Mother Of All Towns - Part 6

by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
11th September 2014 / 17th Dhul Qaddah 1435 AH (Evening)


NOTES typed LIVE by AT8
Edited and Formatted by AT5

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ


وَقَالُوا إِنْ نَتَّبِعِ الْهُدَى مَعَكَ نُتَخَطَّفْ مِنْ أَرْضِنَا أَوَلَمْ نُمَكِّنْ لَهُمْ حَرَمًا آمِنًا يُجْبَى إِلَيْهِ ثَمَرَاتُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ رِزْقًا مِنْ لَدُنَّا وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ
And they say: "If we follow the guidance with you, we would be snatched away from our land." Have We not established for them a secure sanctuary (Makkah), to which are brought fruits of all kinds, a provision from Ourselves, but most of them know not. (Al-Qasas 28:57)

- THE KUFFAAR always have a habit of complaining about why the rules of ISLAM are such and such
- Another attitude they have is, they always claim loss of wealth and earnings due to persecution, if they embraced ISLAM
- The lesson we learn from the above AYAH is that when people see weakness in the UMMAH, they will not embrace ISLAM
- However, if people see strength in the UMMAH, when they see power in the UMMAH, then the people will be more than happy to embrace ISLAM

- Today the ISLAMIC STATE has been given POWER by ALLAH (SWT) and the people are rushing to join them
- Nobody likes to be identified by weakness, insecurity, lack of power and influence
- However, if the Kuffaar failed to destroy TALIBAN, how will they manage to destroy the ISLAMIC STATE?
- To expedite their destruction, ten ARAB states joined the KUFFAAR to help destroy the ISLAMIC STATE

- so the kaafirs of Makkah were afraid to embrace Islam
- because they feared abduction
- So Allah replied to them

And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) said, "My Lord, make this city (Makkah) a place of security and provide its people with fruits, such of them as believe in Allah and the Last Day." He (Allah) answered: "As for him who disbelieves, I shall leave him in contentment for a while, then I shall compel him to the torment of the Fire, and worst indeed is that destination!" (Al-Baqarah 2:126)

- the other ayah to prove that Makkah was a safe sanctuary:

Have they not seen that We have made (Makkah) a sanctuary secure, and that men are being snatched away from all around them? Then do they believe in Batil (falsehood - polytheism, idols and all deities other than Allah), and deny (become ingrate for) the Graces of Allah? (Al-'Ankabut 29:67)

- people were being harmed in other cities, but not in Makkah
- so their argument to reject Islam was weak
- Makkah was made into a safe sanctuary by ALLAH (SWT) because HE (SWT) answered the DUA of NABI IBRAHIM (AS)

By the fig, and the olive, (1) By Mount Sinai, (2) And by this city of security (Makkah), (At-Tin 95:1-3)

- ALLAH (SWT) swore by four things, the FIG, the OLIVE, MOUNT SINAI and the city of MAKKAH


وَكَمْ أَهْلَكْنَا مِنْ قَرْيَةٍ بَطِرَتْ مَعِيشَتَهَا فَتِلْكَ مَسَاكِنُهُمْ لَمْ تُسْكَنْ مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا وَكُنَّا نَحْنُ الْوَارِثِينَ
And how many a town (population) have We destroyed, which were thankless for its means of livelihood (disobeyed Allah, and His Messengers, by doing evil deeds and crimes) ! And those are their dwellings, which have not been inhabited after them except a little. And verily! We have been the inheritors. (Al-Qasas 28:58)

- Allah (SWT) is reminding the people of Makkah, that he destroyed many cites before them because they were UNGRATEFUL
- Between AADAM (AS) and NUH (AS), 10 generations lived on EARTH

Ibn 'Abbas (RA) said: "Between Nooh (Noah) and Adam were ten generations, all of them were upon Sharee'ah (law) of the truth, then they differed. So Allah sent prophets as bringers of good news and as warners." [Related by Ibn Jareer at-Tabaree in his tafseer (4/275) No. 4048 and al-Haakim (2/596) No. 4009 who said: "It is authentic according to the criterion of al-Bukhari." Adh-Dhahabe also agreed]

- ALLAH (SWT) destroyed the people of NUH (AS) because they were UNGRATEFUL and were the first people to commit SHIRK
- THe people of Nuh (AS) was the first generation to dabble in IDOL WORSHIP instead of worshipping ALLAH (SWT)
- After the people of Nuh (AS) were destroyed, the people of Nabi HUD (AS), the dwellers of AAD were the ones who took over establishment on the EARTH

Did you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) not see (thought) how your Lord dealt with 'Ad (people)? (6) Who were very tall like lofty pillars, (7) The like of which were not created in the land? (8) And (with) Thamud (people), who cut (hewed) out rocks in the valley (to make dwellings)? (Al-Fajr 89:6-9)

- The people of AAD were blessed with great bounties from ALLAH SWT. They were given high physical stature, wealth and intelligence with which they forgot about ALLAH

Ibn 'Umar (RA) reported: When the Messenger of Allah (SAW) and his Companions reached Al-Hijr, the dwellings of the Thamud people, he admonished his Companions (saying), "Do not pass by these people who are being tormented, without weeping, lest the punishment should befall you as it had befallen them." [al-Bukhari (4702) and Muslim (2980)]
In a version by Muslim adds: 'He then urged his mount to proceed quickly and pass through that valley hurriedly.'

After the people of HUD (AS) were destroyed, the people of SALIH (AS) took over establishment over the Earth
- They were given great engineering abilities and would hew their homes out of Rocks
- Allah (SWT) sent them a SHE-CAMEL as a miracle, yet they killed the Camel and disbelieved in ALLAH (SWT)
After the people of SALIH were destroyed, the people of SHUAIB (AS) took over establishment on Earth
- The people of SALIH (AS) were the first people to cheat with the scales. Their clandestine activities made them Rich
- Nabi Hud, Nabi Salih and Nabi Hud were all Arab prophets
- The use of the PEN, and the SCALE for measurements were taught to us by NABI IDREES (AS)

Ibn Katheer said: "Allah mentioned the story of Nuh, because he was the first Messenger Allah sent to the people of the earth after Adam. His name was Nuh bin Lamak bin Matushalakh bin Khanukh. And Khanukh was, as they claim, the Prophet Idris. And Idris was the first person to write letters using pen, and he was the son of Barad bin Mahlil, bin Qanin bin Yanish bin Shith bin Adam, upon them all be peace. This lineage is mentioned by Muhammad bin Ishaq and other Imams who document lineage." [Tafseer Ibn Kathir (3/431)]

- After the people of Nabi Salih (AS) were destroyed, the people of NABI LUT spread FASAAD on the EARTH
- The people of Nabi LUT (AS) were the first people to commit HOMOSEXUALITY on EARTH

And (remember) Lout (Lot), when he said to his people: "Do you commit the worst sin such as none preceding you has committed in the 'Alamin (mankind and jinns)? (Al-A'raf 7:80)

- When the SAHABA read the story of LUT(AS) they said they would have never thought of such an evil act and think a man can stoop so low
- Many people think you cannot make TAKFEER on a evil Homosexual
- However the following verses in the QURAN makes TAKFEER on the HOMOSEXUAL demon

[Ibrahim (Abraham)] said: "Then for what purpose you have come, O Messengers?" (31) They said: "We have been sent to a people who are Mujrimun (polytheists, sinners, criminals, disbelievers in Allah); (32) To send down upon them stones of baked clay. (33) Marked by your Lord for the Musrifun (polytheists, criminals, sinners those who trespass Allah's set limits in evil-doings by committing great sins). (34) So We brought out from therein the believers. (35) But We found not there any household of the Muslims except one [i.e. Lout (Lot) and his two daughters]. (36) And We have left there a sign (i.e. the place of the Dead Sea, well-known in Palestine) for those who fear the painful torment. (Adh-Dhariyat 51:31-37)

- In the above VERSE, we find ALLAH (SWT) designated only the house of the Nabi LUT (AS) as MUSLIMS in the whole town
- Also, Abu Bakr and Ali burnt the Homosexuals because they were KAAFIRS and the Khalifas also refused to pray JANAZA over them
- We cannot go against the IJMA of the SHAHABAS

There is a difference of opinion concerning the punishment for the one who commits sodomy. The following are the opinions that were mentioned by Imam Ash-Shawkani in "Nayl Al-Awtar", Vol. 7/p122-124.
1) That he is killed with the sword, then burnt. This is narrated from Abu Bakr and 'Ali Ibn Abi Talib.
2) That a wall should be collapsed upon him. This was the opinion of 'Umar and 'Uthman.
3) That he should be thrown from the highest building in the city, then that should be followed up with him being pelted with rocks. This was the opinion of Ibn 'Abbas.
4) That he is stoned. This is narrated by Al-Bayhaqi from 'Ali Ibn Abi Talib, Ash-Sha'bi, Az-Zuhri, Malik, Ahmad, Is'haq, and Ash-Shafi'i.
5) That they are burned. This was narrated by Al-Bayhaqi, that Abu Bakr gathered the Sahabah and 'Ali mentioned this, and the Sahabah agreed upon it. It was also mentioned by Al-Munthiri that it was done by Abu Bakr, 'Ali, 'Abdullah Ibn Az-Zubayr, and Hisham Ibn 'Abdil-Malik.
6) That he is stoned, then burnt with fire. This is narrated from the Sahabah agreeing upon it in the time of Abu Bakr.
7) That the punishment is the same as Zina, in that if he is a virgin, he is whipped, and if he is not, then he is stoned.
8) That there is no prescribed punishment, rather it is left up to the Imam to perform Ta'zir, and this was narrated from Abu Hanifah, and one narration from Ash-Shafi'i, and others.
Ash-Shawkani refutes the opinion of the punishment being the same as Zina, as well as the opinion that there is only Ta'zir, and supports the opinion that he is killed, but does not appear to specify which way of killing is the strongest.

- Please bear in mind that in the ISLAMIC STATE we are not allowed to kill LESBIANS.
- A Lesbian is not a KAAFIRA and we are only allowed to lash them with a 10 lashes

Ibn Qudamah said: "If two women engage in lesbian sexual relations, then they are guilty of zina and are cursed, because it was narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said: “If a woman has sexual relations with another woman, then they are both guilty of zina.” There is no hadd punishment for them because they did not have intercourse, rather it is likened to intimate relations that are less than intercourse, and they are to be subjected to a ta’zeer punishment." [Al-Mughni (9/61)]

Ta'zeer means punishment which is like 10 lashes
- A HADD punishment is 100 Lashes.
- After the people of Lut were destroyed, PHARAOH and his people were given establishment over the EARTH

And (with) Fir'aun (Pharaoh), who had pegs (who used to torture men by binding them to pegs)? (10) Who did transgress beyond bounds in the lands (in the disobedience of Allah). (11) And made therein much mischief. (12) So your Lord poured on them different kinds of severe torment. (13) Verily, your Lord is Ever Watchful (over them). (Al-Fajr 89:10-14)

- The first person to practise the punishment of Crucifixion was the PHARAOH. This is why ALLAH (SWT) mentioned the pegs of Pharaoh in the QURAN

Ibn Abbas said, "Thus, he was the first person to ever do this (public execution, crucifixion).'' This was reported by Ibn Abi Hatim. [Tafseer Ibn Katheer (5/304)]

- The Pharaoh even crucified his own wife, AASIA, because she took Shahadah and believed in ALLAH (SWT) and the Messengership of Nabi Musa


وَمَا كَانَ رَبُّكَ مُهْلِكَ الْقُرَى حَتَّى يَبْعَثَ فِي أُمِّهَا رَسُولًا يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِنَا وَمَا كُنَّا مُهْلِكِي الْقُرَى إِلَّا وَأَهْلُهَا ظَالِمُونَ
And never will your Lord destroy the towns (populations) until He sends to their mother town a Messenger reciting to them Our Verses. And never would We destroy the towns unless the people thereof are Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, oppressors and tyrants). (Al-Qasas 28:59)

- In the above AYAH, the MOTHER OF ALL TOWNS is the HOLY MAKKAH
- It is called UMM AL-QURAA

And this (the Qur'an) is a blessed Book which We have sent down, confirming (the revelations) which came before it, so that you may warn the Mother of Towns (i.e. Makkah) and all those around it. Those who believe in the Hereafter believe in (the Qur'an), and they are constant in guarding their Salat (prayers). (Al-An'am 6:92)

- UMMUL QURAA is a nickname that ALLAH (SWT) gave to Makkah, there is an Islamic university after the same name in Makkah
- All the previous Prophets made HAJJ to the KAABA in MAKKAH

- The KAABA was built by Nabi IBRAHIM with his son Nabi ISMAEL
- When they finished building the KAABA , Nabi Ibrahim made a DUA to ALLAH (SWT) to bless the blood line of Nabi Ismael

"Our Lord! And make us submissive unto You and of our offspring a nation submissive unto You, and show us our Manasik (all the ceremonies of pilgrimage - Hajj and 'Umrah, etc.), and accept our repentance. Truly, You are the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful. (Al-Baqarah 2:128)

- The ARABS come from the bloodline of Nabi ISMAEL and therefore will gravitate towards ISLAM more so than the JEWS
- Without the KAABA, the town of MAKKAH would be just like any other TOWN


It was narrated from Jabir that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "One prayer in my mosque is better than one thousand prayers elsewhere, except the Sacred Mosque, and one prayer in the Sacred Mosque is better than one hundred thousand prayers elsewhere." [Musnad Ahmad (3/397) No. 15306 and Sunan Ibn Majah (2/412) No. 1406]


Abu Hurayrah reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “A salah in this, my mosque is better than a thousand in any other except the Masjid Haram.” [al-Bukhari (1190) and Muslim (1394)]


Abu’l Darda’ (RA) relates that the Prophet (SAW) said, “The prayer prayed in the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) is akin to one hundred thousand prayers, and the prayer in my mosque is akin to one thousand prayers and the prayer in Jerusalem is akin to five hundred prayers.” [Musnad al-Bazzar (10/77) No. 4142 and Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (6/39) No. 3845] (hasan)

And never will your Lord destroy the towns (populations) until He sends to their mother town a Messenger reciting to them Our Verses. And never would We destroy the towns unless the people thereof are Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, oppressors and tyrants). (Al-Qasas 28:59)

- ALLAH (SWT) mentioned in the above Ayah that HE would not destroy the towns until HE sends a MESSENGER to MAKKAH first
- ALLAH (SWT) will never destroy a people unless they become EVIL.
- ALLAH (SWT) will never destroy a people until HE (SWT) sends a MESSENGER to warn them

Whoever goes right, then he goes right only for the benefit of his ownself. And whoever goes astray, then he goes astray to his own loss. No one laden with burdens can bear another's burden. And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning). (Al-Isra 17:15)

- The above AYAH is used by the HANBALIS to allow a Bastard child to lead SALAH, because you cannot use the sin of the parents to blame the child
- The Maliki view is that the bastard child cannot lead the Salah
- The Shafi'i view is similar to the Maliki view that the bastard child cannot lead the Salah
- The Hanafi view is it is makruh

- For every single nation, ALLAH (SWT) sent a Messenger

And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming) : "Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taghut[] (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah)." Then of them were some whom Allah guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and see what was the end of those who denied (the truth). (An-Nahl 16:36)

- Every Messenger had an enemy. One from among the Jinn and one from among the Human Beings

And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies - Shayatin (devils) among mankind and jinns, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion (or by way of deception). If your Lord had so willed, they would not have done it, so leave them alone with their fabrications. (Tafseer Qurtubi, Vol.7, Page 67) (Al-An'am 6:112)

- Abraham had Nimrod as his enemy. Musa had Pharaoh as his enemy and the Messenger Muhammad (SAWS) had Abu Jahl as his enemy

It is related from ‘Abd Allah bin Mas’ûd that the Prophet (SAW) said to him about Abû Jahl: "He is the Pharaoh of this community." [The hadîth is related in Musnad Ahmad (3824, 3825, 4246 and 4247) and Sunan al-Nasâ'î al-Kubrâ (8617)]


وَمَا أُوتِيتُمْ مِنْ شَيْءٍ فَمَتَاعُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَزِينَتُهَا وَمَا عِنْدَ اللَّهِ خَيْرٌ وَأَبْقَى أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ
And whatever you have been given is an enjoyment of the life of (this) world and its adornment, and that (Hereafter) which is with Allah is better and will remain forever. Have you then no sense? (Al-Qasas 28:60)

- The reason ALLAH (SWT) asks the question, HAVE YOU THEN HAVE NO SENSE?, is because the DUNYA is here for a short while but the HEREAFTER is forever

Nay, you prefer the life of this world; (16) Although the Hereafter is better and more lasting. (Al-A'la 87:16-17)

The mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you, (1) Until you visit the graves (i.e. till you die). (At-Takathur 102:1-2)

- We should not go to one extreme and become a Materialist and forget the DEEN, and nor do we have to go to the other extreme and become a SPRITUALIST and forget about the DUNYA

In the ISLAMIC STATE; the STATE pays for your electricity, your water and even your home
- The DAWLA goes as far as providing food for you. What more can you want?
- The DAWLA sells the NATURAL RESOURCE wealth of the MUSLIMS to take care of the needs of the MUSLIMS


- Today the Kuffaar who make you live like a slave in their countries and take away 90% of your earnings through extortion, want to destroy the DAWLA

- The questions we must ask are, how will the Kuffaar destroy the STATE when they could not destroy the Taliban?
- secondly, why do they not allow Muslims to make HIJRA to the ISLAMIC STATE?

- The Kuffaar hate Muslims, but are afraid to let the Muslims to Migrate. They use their propaganda to incite hate against the Muslims, yet don’t let the Muslims leave in peace
- This is because every KAAFIR is a HYPOCRITE and every HYPOCRITE is a KAAFIR

- Today parents of children who make HIJRA to the DAWLA, are crying in Public instead of feeling proud of their Children
- Most Muslims parents today do not believe in SHARIA, KHILAAFA and JIHAD
- The Muslim parents today are mostly Hypocrites who believe in MONEY, MONEY and MONEY

Whatever is with you, will be exhausted, and whatever with Allah (of good deeds) will remain. And those who are patient, We will certainly pay them a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do. (An-Nahl 16:96)

Beautified for men is the love of things they covet; women, children, much of gold and silver (wealth), branded beautiful horses, cattle and well-tilled land. This is the pleasure of the present world's life; but Allah has the excellent return (Paradise with flowing rivers, etc.) with Him. (Aali Imran 3:14)

Allah increases the provision for whom He wills, and straitens (it for whom He wills), and they rejoice in the life of the world, whereas the life of this world as compared with the Hereafter is but a brief passing enjoyment. (Ra'd 13:26)

Jabir bin Abdullah reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) happened to walk through the bazar coming from the side of 'Aliya and the people were on both his sides. There he found a dead lamb with very short ears. He took hold of his ear and said: “Who amongst you would like to have this for a dirham?” They said: ‘We do not like to have it even for less than that as it is of no use to us.’ He said: “Do you wish to have it (free of any cost)?” They said: ‘By Allah, even if it were alive (we would not have liked to possess that), for there is a defect in it as its ear is very short; now it is dead also.’ Thereupon the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “By Allah, this world is more insignificant in the eye of Allah as it (this dead lamb) is in your eye.” [Sahih Muslim (4/2272) No. 2957]

Sahl Ibn Sa’d (RA) reported that Allah's Messenger (SAW) said, “If in Allah’s sight the world had so much worth as the wing of a mosquito, then a infidel would never have drunk even a drop of water.” [Tirmidhi (4/560) No. 2320, Ibn e Majah (5/230) No. 4110, al-Haakim (4/341) No. 7847]

Abu Huraira (RA) reported that Allah's Messenger (SAW) said, “The world, with all that it contains, is accursed except for dhikr (the remembrance of Allah) that which pleases Allah; and the religious scholars and seekers of knowledge.” [Tirmidhi 2322 and Ibn e Majah 4112, (Abu Eesa al-Tirmidhi said: this hadeeth is hasan ghareeb)]

Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “This world is the prison of the believer and the paradise of the unbeliever.” [Sahih Muslim (4/2272) No. 2956, Musnad Ahmad (2/323) No. 8272, Sunan Tirmidhi (4/562) No. 2324, Sunan Ibn Majah (5/232) No. 4113]

- All the above verses in the Quran and the Hadith of the Prophet (SAWS) remind us that the life of this world is only temporary whereas the life of the Hereafter will last forever.