Wednesday, September 10, 2014

(NOTES & AUDIO) Tafsir Surah Qasas - The Pharaoh Asked For A Tower To See Allah (swt) - Part 4

by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
9th September 2014 / 15th Dhul Qaddah 1435 AH (Evening)


NOTES typed LIVE by AT8
Edited and Formatted by kawthar4218

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ


فَلَمَّا جَاءَهُمْ مُوسَى بِآيَاتِنَا بَيِّنَاتٍ قَالُوا مَا هَذَا إِلَّا سِحْرٌ مُفْتَرًى وَمَا سَمِعْنَا بِهَذَا فِي آبَائِنَا الْأَوَّلِينَ
Then when Musa (Moses) came to them with Our Clear Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), they said: "This is nothing but invented magic. Never did we hear of this among our fathers of old." (Al-Qasas 28:36)

- All the Prophets of ALLAH were accused of practicing MAGIC
- This is because when a person hates ISLAM, they will always find excuses to remain a KAAFIR
- Not only do they accuse the Prophets of practicing Magic, but the KUFFAAR always claim that they want to continue to follow the religion of their forefathers

When it is said to them: "Follow what Allah has sent down." They say: "Nay! We shall follow what we found our fathers following." (Would they do that!) Even though their fathers did not understand anything nor were they guided? (Al-Baqarah 2:170)

- Similarly THE PAGANS OF MAKKAH used their fathers and forefathers as evidence to continue dabbling in their KUFR
- Nabi MUSA (AS) replied to the people of PHAROAH with the following AYAH


وَقَالَ مُوسَى رَبِّي أَعْلَمُ بِمَنْ جَاءَ بِالْهُدَى مِنْ عِنْدِهِ وَمَنْ تَكُونُ لَهُ عَاقِبَةُ الدَّارِ إِنَّهُ لَا يُفْلِحُ الظَّالِمُونَ
Musa (Moses) said: "My Lord knows best him who came with guidance from Him, and whose will be the happy end in the Hereafter. Verily, the Zalimun (wrong-doers, polytheists and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) will not be successful." (Al-Qasas 28:37)

The Messengers said: "Our Lord knows that we have been sent as Messengers to you, (16) "And our duty is only to convey plainly (the Message)." (Ya-Sin 36:16-17)

- The reaction of Nabi Musa (AS) is similar to the reaction of the 3 Messengers sent by ALLAH SWT to a King
- The Pharaoh launched many accusations on Nabi Musa (AS)

"Go to Fir'aun (Pharaoh)! Verily, he has transgressed (all bounds in disbelief and disobedience, and has behaved as an arrogant, and as a tyrant)." (24) [Musa (Moses)] said: "O my Lord! Open for me my chest (grant me self-confidence, contentment, and boldness). (25) "And ease my task for me; (26) "And make loose the knot (the defect) from my tongue, (i.e. remove the incorrectness from my speech) [That occurred as a result of a brand of fire which Musa (Moses) put in his mouth when he was an infant]. [Tafsir At-Tabari, Vol. 16, Page 159]. (27) "That they understand my speech, (28) "And appoint for me a helper from my family, (29) "Harun (Aaron), my brother; (30) "Increase my strength with him, (31) "And let him share my task (of conveying Allah's Message and Prophethood), (32) "That we may glorify You much, (33) "And remember You much, (34) "Verily! You are of us Ever a Well-Seer." (35) Allah said: "You are granted your request, O Musa (Moses)! (Ta-Ha 20:24-36)

- ALLAH SWT granted the requests of Nabi Musa (AS) by giving him clarity in speech and his brother Haroon (AS) as his helper



The chiefs of Fir'aun's (Pharaoh) people said: "Will you leave Musa (Moses) and his people to spread mischief in the land, and to abandon you and your gods?" He said: "We will kill their sons, and let live their women, and we have indeed irresistible power over them." (Al-A'raf 7:127)


He [Fir'aun (Pharaoh)] said: "Have you come to drive us out of our land with your magic, O Musa (Moses)? (Ta-Ha 20:57)

- Please note that the PAGANS of MAKKAH accused NABI MUHAMMAD of exactly the same accusations


Fir'aun (Pharaoh) said: "Leave me to kill Musa (Moses), and let him call his Lord (to stop me from killing him)! I fear that he may change your religion, or that he may cause mischief to appear in the land!" (Ghafir 40:26)

- The Quraish planted 7 young men from different tribes outside the doorstep of the Prophet (SAWS) to kill him just like Pharaoh wanted to kill Nabi Musa


"Why then are not golden bracelets bestowed on him, or angels sent along with him?" (Az-Zukhruf 43:53)

- Similarly the Kuffaar of Quraish said, why did ALLAH send down HIS QURAN to a poor orphan boy


"Am I not better than this one [Musa (Moses)], who is Mahin [has no honour nor any respect, and is weak and despicable] and can scarcely express himself clearly? (Az-Zukhruf 43:52)

- The Pagans of Quraish were unable to use this argument against Nabi Muhammad (SAWS) because he was blessed with eloquence in speech.

Abu Huraira reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: I have been given superiority over the other prophets in six respects: I have been given words which are concise but comprehensive in meaning; I have been helped by terror (in the hearts of enemies): spoils have been made lawful to me: the earth has been made for me clean and a place of worship; I have been sent to all mankind and the line of prophets is closed with me. [Sahih Muslim (1/371) No. 523]

- Musa (AS) had a speech impediment due to an accident while he was a child
- Nabi Muhammad (SAWS) was given 6 things that no one else was given


وَقَالَ فِرْعَوْنُ يَا أَيُّهَا الْمَلَأُ مَا عَلِمْتُ لَكُمْ مِنْ إِلَهٍ غَيْرِي فَأَوْقِدْ لِي يَا هَامَانُ عَلَى الطِّينِ فَاجْعَلْ لِي صَرْحًا لَعَلِّي أَطَّلِعُ إِلَى إِلَهِ مُوسَى وَإِنِّي لَأَظُنُّهُ مِنَ الْكَاذِبِينَ
Fir'aun (Pharaoh) said: "O chiefs! I know not that you have an ilah (a god) other than me, so kindle for me (a fire), O Haman, to bake (bricks out of) clay, and set up for me a Sarhan (a lofty tower, or palace, etc.) in order that I may look at (or look for) the Ilah (God) of Musa (Moses); and verily, I think that he [Musa (Moses)] is one of the liars." (Al-Qasas 28:38)

- In the time of the Pharaoh if someone was caught worshipping anyone else besides him, he would either lock them in prison for life or crucify and mutilate them

Then [Musa (Moses)] showed him the great sign (miracles). (20) But [Fir'aun (Pharaoh)] belied and disobeyed; (21) Then he turned his back, striving hard (against Allah). (22) Then he gathered his people and cried aloud, (23) Saying: "I am your lord, most high", (An-Nazi'at 79:20-24)

- The Magicians that believed in ALLAH after the Rod of Nabi Musa consumed their falsehood were murdered by Pharaoh only because they rejected his false divinity
- Pharaoh was such an evil creature that he claimed to be God. To put things in perspective, not even IBLIS made such a claim

Fir'aun (Pharaoh) said: "O chiefs! I know not that you have an ilah (a god) other than me, so kindle for me (a fire), O Haman, to bake (bricks out of) clay, and set up for me a Sarhan (a lofty tower, or palace, etc.) in order that I may look at (or look for) the Ilah (God) of Musa (Moses); and verily, I think that he [Musa (Moses)] is one of the liars." (Al-Qasas 28:38)

- Pharaoh in his arrogance made the above statement sarcastically.

- Similarly the Russians when they went up into space using Sputnik, they came back and said we did not see any God up there.
- When the Pharaoh was on the throne, the Coptic’s of Egypt reached the peak of their civilization and when power got to their heads, they claimed Pharaoh was God himself
- Every time Allah (SWT) blesses mankind with KNOWLEDGE and WEALTH, man develops a God Complex
- However, even though PHAROAH claimed to be GOD, in his heart he knew that he was pretending and that he is a liar
- When Pharaoh said build a lofty tower so I myself can go up and find out to prove that Musa was lying, he reacted to the Message of all Prophets that ALLAH is ABOVE THE SEVEN HEAVENS

"Why then are not golden bracelets bestowed on him, or angels sent along with him?" (Az-Zukhruf 43:53)

- The Scholars used evidences from the Quran to expose the lies of Pharaoh
- If Pharaoh did not believe in God, then how come did he believe in Angels?

And they belied them (those Ayat) wrongfully and arrogantly, though their ownselves were convinced thereof [i.e. those (Ayat) are from Allah, and Musa (Moses) is the Messenger of Allah in truth, but they disliked to obey Musa (Moses), and hated to believe in his Message of Monotheism]. So see what was the end of the Mufsidun (disbelievers, disobedient to Allah, evil-doers, liars.). (An-Naml 27:14)

- The truth is every Atheist starts to believe in GOD when he is afraid of Death
- Allah SWT knows what is in the hearts of all men

And when the punishment fell on them they said: "O Musa (Moses)! Invoke your Lord for us because of His Promise to you. If you will remove the punishment from us, we indeed shall believe in you, and we shall let the Children of Israel go with you." (134) But when We removed the punishment from them to a fixed term, which they had to reach, behold! They broke their word! (Al-A'raf 7:134-135)

- If Pharaoh did not believe in ALLAH (SWT) then why did he ask Nabi Musa (AS) to make Dua to lift the punishment of ALLAH?
- Some people think they can deceive ALLAH and the believers by pretending to be Muslims when they are in fact FAKE
- Every Hypocrite is a Kaafir and Every Kaafir is a Hypocrite and every Kaafir is a LIAR
- In the case of Pharaoh, he pretended to be an atheist because power got to his head.


وَاسْتَكْبَرَ هُوَ وَجُنُودُهُ فِي الْأَرْضِ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ وَظَنُّوا أَنَّهُمْ إِلَيْنَا لَا يُرْجَعُونَ
And he and his hosts were arrogant in the land, without right, and they thought that they would never return to Us. (Al-Qasas 28:39)

- Since the people of Pharaoh forgot about the DAY OF JUDGMENT, they forgot about being accountable for their actions and consequently became EVIL PERSONIFIED
- When the TAGHOOT is ARROGANT, his citizens and soldiers are equally arrogant and behave like they are better than everybody else
- When Musa (AS) killed the Egyptian soldier, Pharaoh spread his Propaganda by saying: ‘I will kill Musa the Hebrew for daring to kill an Egyptian’
- Thus we see that the TAGHOOT will always make their subordinates feel special
- If a man is a false Prophet and claims to be the Messenger of ALLAH, that man is extremely EVIL and he will be exposed.
- Inversely, if a man who is a REAL PROPHET of ALLAH and people reject him, then those people who rejected him are equally EVIL to the man who is a false prophet


فَأَخَذْنَاهُ وَجُنُودَهُ فَنَبَذْنَاهُمْ فِي الْيَمِّ فَانْظُرْ كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الظَّالِمِينَ
So We seized him and his hosts, and We threw them all into the sea (and drowned them). So behold (O Muhammad SAW) what was the end of the Zalimun [wrong-doers, polytheists and those who disbelieved in the Oneness of their Lord (Allah), or rejected the advice of His Messenger Musa (Moses)]. (Al-Qasas 28:40)

- The Hebrews borrowed Jewellery from the Egyptians knowing they were going to make HIJRA and being well aware that they were not going to be giving it back
- This is clear proof that if you are making Hijra to the DAWLA ISLAMIYAH, you are allowed to borrow as much money from the banks as possible and never give it back once to tear up your passport in the DAWLA
- Once a sincere MUSLIM makes HIJRA to the DAWLA, he/she cannot go back. ONLY HYPOCRITES AND SPIES go back
- To leave DAR UL ISLAM after HIJRA is HARAM.

- The SEA that ALLAH (SWT) is speaking about in the above AYAH is the RED SEA
- When ALLAH SWT drowned the Pharaoh HE decreed a matter and predicted it.

And We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and Fir'aun (Pharaoh) with his hosts followed them in oppression and enmity, till when drowning overtook him, he said: "I believe that La ilaha illa (Huwa) : (none has the right to be worshipped but) He," in Whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am one of the Muslims (those who submit to Allah's Will)." (90) Now (you believe) while you refused to believe before and you were one of the Mufsidun (evil-doers, corrupts, etc.). (91) So this day We shall deliver your (dead) body (out from the sea) that you may be a sign to those who come after you! And verily, many among mankind are heedless of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs , revelations, etc.). (Yunus 10:90-92)

- The Pharaoh took his Shahada when he was about to die. However the evil opportunist was rejected by ALLAH and instead ALLAH (SWT) decreed that his body will be preserved for future generations as a SIGN OF ALLAH.
- Every PREDICTION in the Quran will come to pass. After 3,000 years the body of Pharaoh was recovered from the bottom of the ocean.
- The body of Pharaoh was intact as ALLAH (SWT) predicted it. So how can the infidels continue to reject the QURAN after witnessing such a GREAT MIRACLE OF THE HOLY QURAN?

AYAH 41-42

وَجَعَلْنَاهُمْ أَئِمَّةً يَدْعُونَ إِلَى النَّارِ وَيَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ لَا يُنْصَرُونَ (41) وَأَتْبَعْنَاهُمْ فِي هَذِهِ الدُّنْيَا لَعْنَةً وَيَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ هُمْ مِنَ الْمَقْبُوحِينَ (42)
And We made them leaders inviting to the Fire, and on the Day of Resurrection, they will not be helped. (41) And We made a curse to follow them in this world, and on the Day of Resurrection, they will be among Al-Maqbuhun (those who are prevented to receive Allah's Mercy or any good, despised or destroyed, etc.). (Al-Qasas 28:41-42)

- The above verses mean that anyone who invites mankind to the HELLFIRE with the wrong Aqeedah and with a false religion will look to the Pharaoh as their MENTOR
- Also, anyone who follows in the footsteps of the PHARAOH, their CIVILIZATION is cursed and ALLAH SWT will DESTROY it
- After Sputnik, ALLAH (SWT) sent USSR into the dustbin of history by the hands of the Mujahideen
- Similarly, the USA who is today following the footsteps of Pharaoh will be Destroyed by ALLAH (SWT) by an implosion

Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (RA), who said that the Prophet (SAW) said: “They will follow the ways of those who came before them, handspan by handspan, cubit by cubit, until even if they entered a lizard’s hole they will follow them.” We said: “O Messenger of Allah, (do you mean) the Jews and Christians?” He said: “Who else?” [al-Bukhari (3456) and Muslim (2669)]

- The PROMISE OF ALLAH is always true, and anyone who is arrogant and spreads corruption on the EARTH is cursed in this world and in the hereafter

AYAH 43-44

وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا مُوسَى الْكِتَابَ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا أَهْلَكْنَا الْقُرُونَ الْأُولَى بَصَائِرَ لِلنَّاسِ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةً لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ (43) وَمَا كُنْتَ بِجَانِبِ الْغَرْبِيِّ إِذْ قَضَيْنَا إِلَى مُوسَى الْأَمْرَ وَمَا كُنْتَ مِنَ الشَّاهِدِينَ (44)
And indeed We gave Musa (Moses), after We had destroyed the generations of old, the Scripture [the Taurat (Torah)] as an enlightenment for mankind, and a guidance and a mercy, that they might remember (or receive admonition). (43) And you (O Muhammad SAW) were not on the western side (of the Mount), when We made clear to Musa (Moses) the commandment, and you were not among those present. (Al-Qasas 28:43-44)

- We learn from the above Ayah that the Ten Commandment was revealed to Musa (AS) and thus the REVELATION after Musa (AS) took the Muslims across the Sea
- And we are only aware of these historical facts due to the MERCY and GUIDANCE, ALLAH SWT sent to us as the QURAN


وَلَكِنَّا أَنْشَأْنَا قُرُونًا فَتَطَاوَلَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْعُمُرُ وَمَا كُنْتَ ثَاوِيًا فِي أَهْلِ مَدْيَنَ تَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِنَا وَلَكِنَّا كُنَّا مُرْسِلِينَ
But We created generations [after generations i.e. after Musa (Moses)], and long were the ages that passed over them. And you (O Muhammad SAW) were not a dweller among the people of Madyan (Midian), reciting Our Verses to them. But it is We Who kept sending (Messengers). (Al-Qasas 28:45)

- The above Ayah is a clear indication that no generation will live forever, but each has its own time and will be replaced by a new one
- The word KHALIFA means one generation to succeed another.
- This is the format of human existence on EARTH set by ALLAH (SWT) until the DAY OF RESURRECTION
- Also, the Quran informed and educated us on the history of Mankind through revealing to us the Stories of ALLAH (SWT) PROPHETS. Surely we would have never known these details if ALLAH (SWT) did not reveal it to us in the QURAN
- This Mercy of ALLAH (SWT), that is the bestowal of knowledge of matters we were unaware of in detail is the reason the Surah we are discussing is called SURAH AL QASAS