Thursday, September 4, 2014

(NOTES & AUDIO) Tafsir Surah al-Qasas - Divide & Rule (Part 1/9)


TAFSIR SURAH AL-QASAS – (THE NARRATIONS) - DIVIDE & RULE
BY SHAIKH ABDULLAH FAISAL


Notes typed by Tilmeedha1
Edited by AT38




بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

AYAH 1

طسم
Ta-Sin-Mim [These letters are one of the miracles of the Quran, and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings] Surat Al-Qaşaş (The Stories) 28:1

Whenever we read the Quran, for every letter we recite we receive 10 barakah (reward)
-so just by reciting these three letters you have earned 30 reward
-no one knows the meaning of these letters except Allah (swt)

Ibn Mas'ud (RA) reported: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “Whoever recites a letter from the Book of Allah, he will be credited with a good deed, and a good deed gets a ten-fold reward. I do not say that Alif-Lam-Mim is one letter, but Alif is a letter, Lam is a letter and Mim is a letter.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/175) No. 2910]

AYAH 2

تِلْكَ آيَاتُ الْكِتَابِ الْمُبِينِ
These are Verses of the manifest Book (that makes clear truth from falsehood, good from evil, etc.). Surat Al-Qaşaş (The Stories) 28:2

Allah (swt) uses the word Mubeen (clear) to describe the Holy Quran

- Tawheed is clear from shirk
- Halal is clear from haraam
- Truth is clear from falsehood

There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower. 2:256

- So The  Quran  is mubeen - a book which makes things clear
- When something appears unclear in the Quran (due to a lack of the readers knowledge or understanding), then the Prophet (SAW) clarifies it.

With clear signs and Books (We sent the Messengers). And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad SAW) the reminder and the advice (the Quran), that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought. (16:44)

Allah (swt) confirms that the Quran has been sent down to clarify things
-and if anything is unclear then Allah’s Rasool SAW clarifies it
-when Allah said the sahabah who died in Uhud were alive
-it means that their souls are in the bodies of green birds
-flying around in paradise and receiving sustenance
-the sahabah didn’t understand this because
-it may mean that they buried them alive
-so the rasul (saw) had to explain it

And say not of those who are killed in the Way of Allāh, "They are dead." Nay, they are living, but you perceive (it) not. (Al-Baqarah 2:154)

Think not of those who are killed in the Way of Allāh as dead. Nay, they are alive, with their Lord, and they have provision. (169) They rejoice in what Allāh has bestowed upon them of His Bounty, rejoicing for the sake of those who have not yet joined them, but are left behind (not yet martyred) that on them no fear shall come, nor shall they grieve. (Aali Imran 3:169-170)

AYAH 3

نَتْلُو عَلَيْكَ مِنْ نَبَإِ مُوسَى وَفِرْعَوْنَ بِالْحَقِّ لِقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ
We recite to you some of the news of Musa (Moses) and Fir'aun (Pharaoh) in truth, for a people who believe (those who believe in this Quran, and in the Oneness of Allah). Surat Al-Qaşaş (The Stories) 28:3

This surah relates unto us many stories
-hence, its name Qasas
-Qasas - plural / Qissa – singular

Stories of the Quran are for the people who believe not for the disbelievers
Allah (swt) specifically stated this in the above ayah
Rather the disbelievers call the stories of the Quran fables

Allah (swt) spoke about the pharaoh - who was of utmost evil
-Allah also mentioned Musa (as) in the same ayah as the pharaoh
-because Musa was a prophet & the pharaoh the taghoot
-every prophet had an enemy

And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies - Shayatin (devils) among mankind and jinns, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion (or by way of deception). If your Lord had so willed, they would not have done it, so leave them alone with their fabrications. (Tafseer Qurtubi, Vol.7, Page 67) 6:112

Every town has in it tyrants who plot against the haqq

And thus We have set up in every town great ones of its wicked people to plot therein. But they plot not except against their ownselves, and they perceive (it) not. (6:123)

AYAH 4

إِنَّ فِرْعَوْنَ عَلَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَجَعَلَ أَهْلَهَا شِيَعًا يَسْتَضْعِفُ طَائِفَةً مِنْهُمْ يُذَبِّحُ أَبْنَاءَهُمْ وَيَسْتَحْيِي نِسَاءَهُمْ إِنَّهُ كَانَ مِنَ الْمُفْسِدِينَ
Verily, Fir'aun (Pharaoh) exalted himself in the land and made its people sects, weakening (oppressing) a group (i.e. Children of Israel) among them, killing their sons, and letting their females live. Verily, he was of the Mufsidun (i.e. those who commit great sins and crimes, oppressors, tyrants, etc.). Surat Al-Qaşaş (The Stories) 28:4

The pharaoh exalted himself in the land and made his people into groups
-he made the children of Israel the weak group

We gather 9 lessons from the above ayah:

1) The pharaoh was a narcissist

This is a personality disorder
-narcissism affects all the taghoot leaders and he was no different
-those who elevate themselves above their level suffer from this disorder – narcissism
-they don’t listen to anybody; hence they cause their empires to crumble

Then [Musa (Moses)] showed him the great sign (miracles). But [Fir'aun (Pharaoh)] belied and disobeyed; Then he turned his back, striving hard (against Allah). Then he gathered his people and cried aloud, Saying: "I am your lord, most high", (79:20-24)

In those days if Pharaoh caught anyone worshipping other than him
-he would imprison them for life without any hope of release
-Allah then states, that the pharaoh split his people up into groups

2) When people with no taqwaa are placed in positions of power, they will abuse the power

Why did pharaoh abuse power? Because he had no taqwaa.
-a person with no taqwa can’t be trusted with money, women or power

3) To divide and rule - an old tactic of the taghoot

Allah states, that the pharaoh split his people up into groups
-that he turned the people into 'shia'
-not the shia as we know it but in its linguistic form meaning 'groups.
-the British didn’t start this tactic, they perfected it

4) To turn one group against the other

Because the taghoot is insecure
-they have a desperate need to do such
-they do this to hang on to power

5) We should not live in a land where the leaders of the land hate us

The Muslims in America or Europe are not loved by the people there
-this is why people make hijrah
-and thus Allah taught us a dua for this:

"Our Lord! Make us not a trial for the disbelievers, and forgive us, Our Lord! Verily, You, only You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise." (60:5)

Some scholars say that this ayah refers to the battlefield
-meaning let Allah not allow the kuffaar to defeat us in battle
-or else they will believe that their deen is right and Islam is wrong

The pharaoh was a racist

6) Tyranny & Oppression is the modus operandi of the taghoot
Modus operandi means their method or way of doing things

7) Killing children is the modus operandi of the taghoot

Why did the USA kill Abdur Rahman Al Awlaki (Rh)
-why do they bomb schools in Gaza?
-they kill children who are playing
-just like pharaoh killed children so do the taghoot in these times
-because killing children is the way of the taghoot

Then whoever transgresses the prohibition against you, you transgress likewise against him. And fear Allah, and know that Allah is with Al-Muttaqun (the pious - see V.2:2). 2:194

Shaikh Uthaymeen used 2:194 as his Hujjah for the fatawa whereby he allowed
-the children of the kuffar to be killed if they kill our Muslim children
-nobody objected to this fatawa

The taghoot imprison young Muslim boys, just like pharaoh targeted young boys.
-there is no difference between killing the young boys and imprisoning them.
-Belmarsh, Guantanamo bay are all packed with Muslims
-they have secret prisons all over the world
-and they call them ghost prisoners
-so they target the males because they think that
-the males will be the ones to topple them
-the pharaoh had the vision that a man from Bani Israel will topple him
-so we are seeing the same actions today as we saw before
-history repeats itself
-sometimes to imprison a person is worse than to kill them
-as Allah says: to oppress is worse than slaughter

 ….And Al-Fitnah is worse than killing. 2:191

8) In dar ul harb the taghoot stoop very low to hang on to power

Just as the pharaoh killed many boys to hang on to power

9) The taghoot believes that he can kill innocent people to hang on to power

Pharaoh used genocide to hang on to power
-he believed that by doing so he could change the qadar of Allah
-the Taghoot who followed him, till our day, believe the same
-it was qadar for Musa (as) to come and topple the Pharaoh
-it is the same thing as the khilafah
-it was qadar that it will be brought back
-because the rasul (saw) prophesized it
-they kuffaar think that they can bomb it out of existence
-with their B-52 bombers and change qadar

Pharaoh discriminated against the hebrews
-some people may think that this is happening the Islamic state
-because we have the Dhimme
-they are totally different
-pharaoh did so due to assabiyyah (tribalism, nationalism, racism etc)
-he killed the boys and allowed the girls to live and turned them into slaves.
-this occured 100 years after Yusuf (as)

Whereas today’s war by the Islamic state is due to creed not racism
-If a land is conquered and the Jews or Christians are present within it
-then they are given 4 choices

1) To Leave
2) Pay Jiziya (tax)
3) To embrace Islam
4) To Fight

If the first 3 choices are dismissed then the only option available to them is option 4
-and this is what the Kurds are doing
-they love the Jews more than anything else
-they are Zionist and many of them are Yazidis
-who worship the shaitan
-they are cursed

Fight against those who (1) believe not in Allah, (2) nor in the Last Day, (3) nor forbid that which has been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger (4) and those who acknowledge not the religion of truth (i.e. Islam) among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), until they pay the Jizyah with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued. (9:29)

Thousands of Yazidis have embraced Islam
-these people are now enjoying the barakah of living in the Islamic state
-which gave them peace and security
-many Christians came back to Mosul and are living under the Islamic state

Do not listen to those calling the mujahideen Khawaarij
-these Saudi scholars are passing dodgy fatwas because they feel threatened
-they are only killing kufaar
-but the khawaarij kill Muslims and leave the kufaar alone

Jiziyah cannot be taken from pagans or devil worshippers

AYAH 5

وَنُرِيدُ أَنْ نَمُنَّ عَلَى الَّذِينَ اسْتُضْعِفُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَنَجْعَلَهُمْ أَئِمَّةً وَنَجْعَلَهُمُ الْوَارِثِينَ
And We wished to do a favour to those who were weak (and oppressed) in the land, and to make them rulers and to make them the inheritors, Surat Al-Qaşaş (The Stories) 28:5

AYAH 6

وَنُمَكِّنَ لَهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَنُرِيَ فِرْعَوْنَ وَهَامَانَ وَجُنُودَهُمَا مِنْهُمْ مَا كَانُوا يَحْذَرُونَ
And to establish them in the land, and We let Fir'aun (Pharaoh) and Haman and their hosts receive from them that which they feared. Surat Al-Qaşaş (The Stories) 28:6

Haman was the advisor of the Pharaoh
-so don’t think he acted alone
-Allah states that He will make their fears into reality
-this fear made him resort to killing children and other crimes
-they feared losing their kingdom
-and so He Allah did so by using Musa (as)

AYAH 7

وَأَوْحَيْنَا إِلَى أُمِّ مُوسَى أَنْ أَرْضِعِيهِ فَإِذَا خِفْتِ عَلَيْهِ فَأَلْقِيهِ فِي الْيَمِّ وَلَا تَخَافِي وَلَا تَحْزَنِي إِنَّا رَادُّوهُ إِلَيْكِ وَجَاعِلُوهُ مِنَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ
And We inspired the mother of Musa (Moses), (saying): "Suckle him [Musa (Moses)], but when you fear for him, then cast him into the river and fear not, nor grieve. Verily! We shall bring him back to you, and shall make him one of (Our) Messengers." Surat Al-Qaşaş (The Stories) 28:7

Pharaoh was killing so many boys
-his advisors asked him to take it easy
-as they feared that if they are all killed there will one to be their slaves
-so they decided to alternate the years of killing
-i.e. kill one year & let them live one year
-Haroon (as) was born in the year in which they should 'let them live'
-Musa (as) was born in the year in which they should 'Kill them'

The mother of Musa was thus worried
-so Allah inspired her to suckle him
-and when she fears for him, she should place him into the river Nile
-and Allah promised her safety for him

AYAH 8

فَالْتَقَطَهُ آلُ فِرْعَوْنَ لِيَكُونَ لَهُمْ عَدُوًّا وَحَزَنًا إِنَّ فِرْعَوْنَ وَهَامَانَ وَجُنُودَهُمَا كَانُوا خَاطِئِينَ
Then the household of Fir'aun (Pharaoh) picked him up, that he might become for them an enemy and a (cause of) grief. Verily! Fir'aun (Pharaoh), Haman and their hosts were sinners. Surat Al-Qaşaş (The Stories) 28:8

So Allah confirm that He caused them to rescue him from the Nile
-the name Musa is neither Arabic nor Hebrew
-it is Coptic & it means - he who was taken from the river or fetched from the river/water
-Mo means water in Coptic
-the pharaoh and his people spoke Coptic
-Allah confirms that Musa (as) will become a source of grief for them
-and release the Hebrews from bondage
-Allah said that He will always answer the dua of 3 people:

Abu Hurayrah (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger said, "Three prayers are surely answered: the supplication of the oppressed, the supplication of the traveller, and the supplication of the father for his son." [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/502) No. 3448, Sunan Ibn Majah (5/30) No. 3862, Musnad Ahmad (2/258) No. 7501, Sunan Abu Dawud (2/89) No. 1536]

…..Verily! Fir'aun (Pharaoh), Haman and their hosts were sinners. Surat Al-Qaşaş (The Stories) 28:8

 The scholars use this part to make takfir on the army of the taghoot
-Allah grouped all three parties within this group
 1) This King
 2) His Advisors
 3) Their Army

If the king is a taghoot then his advisors are also taghoot
-they do their best to make remain in his position
-the army is the one who help prop up this taghoot setup
-they protect this taghoot
-the wicked scholars are also kufaar because they pass fatwas to keep him in power
- you need to make takfir on all of them
-failing to do so means that one has gone against this ayah of Allah

AYAH 9

وَقَالَتِ امْرَأَتُ فِرْعَوْنَ قُرَّتُ عَيْنٍ لِي وَلَكَ لَا تَقْتُلُوهُ عَسَى أَنْ يَنْفَعَنَا أَوْ نَتَّخِذَهُ وَلَدًا وَهُمْ لَا يَشْعُرُونَ
And the wife of Fir'aun (Pharaoh) said: "A comfort of the eye for me and for you. Kill him not, perhaps he may be of benefit to us, or we may adopt him as a son." And they perceive not (the result of that). Surat Al-Qaşaş (The Stories) 28:9

They failed to see the disaster which was about to befall them by saving this baby
-as they do not know the future
-not even the prophet SAW knew the future
-only Allah knows the future

Say (O Muhammad SAW): "I possess no power of benefit or hurt to myself except as Allah wills. If I had the knowledge of the Ghaib (unseen), I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me. I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings unto people who believe." (7:188)

-they killed thousands of Hebrew boys to save their kingdom
-yet the one boy they saved turned out to be the cause of their fall

"Saying: 'Put him (the child) into the Tabut (a box or a case or a chest) and put it into the river (Nile), then the river shall cast it up on the bank, and there, an enemy of Mine and an enemy of his shall take him.' And I endued you with love from Me, in order that you may be brought up under My Eye, (20:39)

When the pharaoh and his wife saw Musa, they fell in love with him
-for Allah is Al Wadood - The Loving
-the Hanbalis use the hadith of dajjal having one eye,
-to state that Allah has two eyes but they don’t look like your eyes

Pharaoh was sterile at the time Musa (as) was born
-and so he agreed to adopt Musa as a son

AYAH 10

وَأَصْبَحَ فُؤَادُ أُمِّ مُوسَى فَارِغًا إِنْ كَادَتْ لَتُبْدِي بِهِ لَوْلَا أَنْ رَبَطْنَا عَلَى قَلْبِهَا لِتَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
And the heart of the mother of Musa (Moses) became empty [from every thought, except the thought of Musa (Moses)]. She was very near to disclose his (case, i.e. the child is her son), had We not strengthened her heart (with Faith), so that she might remain as one of the believers. Surat Al-Qaşaş (The Stories) 28:10

Allah inspired the mother of Musa to place her son into the box and throw him in the Nile
-A person doesn’t have to be a prophet to be inspired
-Allah can inspire people in all sorts of ways
-some people were inspired to take their shahadah

AYAH 11

وَقَالَتْ لِأُخْتِهِ قُصِّيهِ فَبَصُرَتْ بِهِ عَنْ جُنُبٍ وَهُمْ لَا يَشْعُرُونَ
And she said to his [Musa's (Moses)] sister: "Follow him." So she (his sister) watched him from a far place secretly, while they perceived not. Surat Al-Qaşaş (The Stories) 28:11

The sister of Musa followed the box to see where it ends up
-and people did not know that the baby in the box was her brother
-she was 11 years old

AYAH 12

وَحَرَّمْنَا عَلَيْهِ الْمَرَاضِعَ مِنْ قَبْلُ فَقَالَتْ هَلْ أَدُلُّكُمْ عَلَى أَهْلِ بَيْتٍ يَكْفُلُونَهُ لَكُمْ وَهُمْ لَهُ نَاصِحُونَ
And We had already forbidden (other) foster suckling mothers for him, until she (his sister came up and) said: "Shall I direct you to a household who will rear him for you, and sincerely they will look after him in a good manner?" Surat Al-Qaşaş (The Stories) 28:12

Pharaoh’s wife was worried as Musa refused to suckle from
-every woman that she brought forth as his wet nurse
-so the sister of Musa intervened and suggested that
-she knows a lady who will be able to suckle him because this lady has sweet milk,
-no baby will refuse her milk
-the wife of pharaoh became happy and agreed
-so the sister of Musa informed her mother that she is required to suckle Musa (as)

So Allah fulfilled His promise to the mother of Musa (as)
-and united her with her son
-furthermore they had to pay her and provide her with a room for suckling Musa
-so she was now living in luxury and in the palace

AYAH 13

فَرَدَدْنَاهُ إِلَى أُمِّهِ كَيْ تَقَرَّ عَيْنُهَا وَلَا تَحْزَنَ وَلِتَعْلَمَ أَنَّ وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقٌّ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ
So did We restore him to his mother, that she might be delighted, and that she might not grieve, and that she might know that the Promise of Allah is true. But most of them know not. Surat Al-Qaşaş (The Stories) 28:13

Allah confirms here that He Allah fulfilled His promise to the mother of Musa
 For 2 reasons:

1) So that she may not grief

Grief can cause physical ailments, like in the situation of Jacob,
-who went blind with grief

2) To show that Allah fulfills His promises

AYAH14

وَلَمَّا بَلَغَ أَشُدَّهُ وَاسْتَوَى آتَيْنَاهُ حُكْمًا وَعِلْمًا وَكَذَلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ
And when he attained his full strength, and was perfect (in manhood), We bestowed on him Hukman (Prophethood, right judgement of the affairs) and religious knowledge [of the religion of his forefathers i.e. Islamic Monotheism]. And thus do We reward the Muhsinun (i.e. good doers - see the footnote of V.9:120). Surat Al-Qaşaş (The Stories) 28:14

Allah gave Musa Dunya knowledge & religious knowledge
-Manhood in this ayah means 40 years old
-this was the age Musa reached prophethood
-Knowledge without hikmah (wisdom) is a recipe for disaster

AYAH 15

وَدَخَلَ الْمَدِينَةَ عَلَى حِينِ غَفْلَةٍ مِنْ أَهْلِهَا فَوَجَدَ فِيهَا رَجُلَيْنِ يَقْتَتِلَانِ هَذَا مِنْ شِيعَتِهِ وَهَذَا مِنْ عَدُوِّهِ فَاسْتَغَاثَهُ الَّذِي مِنْ شِيعَتِهِ عَلَى الَّذِي مِنْ عَدُوِّهِ فَوَكَزَهُ مُوسَى فَقَضَى عَلَيْهِ قَالَ هَذَا مِنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَانِ إِنَّهُ عَدُوٌّ مُضِلٌّ مُبِينٌ
And he entered the city at a time of unawareness of its people, and he found there two men fighting, - one of his party (his religion - from the Children of Israel), and the other of his foes. The man of his (own) party asked him for help against his foe, so Musa (Moses) struck him with his fist and killed him. He said: "This is of Shaitan's (Satan) doing, verily, he is a plain misleading enemy." Surat Al-Qaşaş (The Stories) 28:15

Musa did not know the current events of the city (the fiqhul waaqi)
-Musa found two men fighting
-one from his religion - Hebrew
-the other from the Egyptian religion – pagan
-the hebrew called for his help
-so Musa killed the pagan with one punch
-as this pagan was a misleading enemy

AYAH 16

قَالَ رَبِّ إِنِّي ظَلَمْتُ نَفْسِي فَاغْفِرْ لِي فَغَفَرَ لَهُ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ
He said: "My Lord! Verily, I have wronged myself, so forgive me." Then He forgave him. Verily, He is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful. Surat Al-Qaşaş (The Stories) 28:16

AYAH 17

قَالَ رَبِّ بِمَا أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيَّ فَلَنْ أَكُونَ ظَهِيرًا لِلْمُجْرِمِينَ
He said: "My Lord! For that with which You have favoured me, I will never more be a helper for the Mujrimun (criminals, disobedient to Allah, polytheists, sinners, etc.)!" Surat Al-Qaşaş (The Stories) 28:16

The scholars use this ayah to make takfeer on the helpers of the taghoot
-we are not allowed to help the enemy.