Wednesday, September 3, 2014

(NOTES & AUDIO) Tafsir Surah Muddatthir (Part 3)

TAFSEER SURAH MUDDATHTHIR
THEY RUN AWAY FROM THE HAQQ AS DONKEYS RUNAWAY FROM LIONS
by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
2nd September 2014 / 9th Dhul Qa’da 1435 AH (Evening)



NOTES typed LIVE by tilmeedha1
Edited and Formatted by AT5

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

- We last spoke about a level of hellfire called Saqar
- A group of sins that the people of Saqar did was
- No Salah, no Zakah, vain talking & they used to deny the day of recompense.
- Some scholars use this as evidence to say that if you don’t pray then you are a kaafir
- Ibn Taymiyyah said
- The real kaafir is not the one who misses some Salah, but the one who abandons Salah in its totality

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: As for the one who does not pray sometimes and does not make them up and does not intend to make them up, or he misses some of the obligatory parts of the prayer and does not make them up or intend to make them up, many of our companions ruled that he becomes a kaafir thereby… Then when he prays again he becomes a believer, as is indicated by the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “Whoever misses ‘Asr prayer deliberately, his good deeds will be lost.” And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever misses a prayer deliberately is no longer under the protection of Allaah.” [Sharh 'Umdat-ul-Fiqh Ibn Taymiyyah (pg. 94)]

He also said: If he prays after stopping praying, he comes back to Islam from apostasy, and his prayer is valid, unlike the one who was originally a kaafir, whose prayer is not valid until after he says the Shahaadatayn, because the kufr of the former is due to failing to do something, and if he does it he comes back to Islam. In the case where a person’s kufr results from rejecting (some of the obligations of Islam), if he then accepts and affirms the obligation, then he rejoins Islam. If it is said that in cases other than this, the apostate’s return to Islam is not valid unless he utters the Shahaadatayn, no matter what form his apostasy took, the answer is that it is because he denied something, so he must speak words of affirmation, starting with the Shahaadatayn, which implies accepting everything else. But in this case (the one who does not pray), he accepts that it is obligatory, so all he needs to do is to do it in order to rejoin Islam. [Sharh 'Umdat-ul-Fiqh Ibn Taymiyyah (pg. 92)]

But if they repent, perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat, then they are your brethren in religion. (In this way) We explain the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for a people who know. (At-Tawbah 9:11)

- The evidence for this is Surah Taubah 9:11
- When the sahabah questioned the taubah of some PoW, this ayah was revealed 9:11
- Those who say: “that if you do not pray you are still a Muslim,”
- when we bring surah Muddaththir 74:42-48 as evidence, they still reject this

"What has caused you to enter Hell?" (42) They will say: "We were not of those who used to offer their Salat (prayers). (43) "Nor we used to feed Al-Miskin (the poor); (44) "And we used to talk falsehood (all that which Allah hated) with vain talkers. (45) "And we used to belie the Day of Recompense. (46) "Until there came to us (the death) that is certain." (47) So no intercession of intercessors will be of any use to them. (Al-Muddaththir 74:42-48)

- They say: “we are not convinced about your evidence.”
- Why? They say: “that evidence is not strong enough.”
- The Hanafi’s say that a man who does not pray is still a Muslim.
- Whereas the Hanbali’s accept the hujjah of surah Muddaththir
- The Hanafi’s say: “that in order for a man to be dumped into Saqar, he has to be guilty of all 4 crimes; No Salah, no Zakah, vain talking & they used to deny the day of recompense. However if the man is guilty of only one crime then he is still in the fold of Islam.”
- they reject the Hanbali hujjah
- The Hanbali’s use this argument to make takfir on those who abandon Salah
- So there is a huge difference in these 2 schools of thought
- Hanafi’s in such cases can be refuted with Surah Taubah 9:11

But if they repent, perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat, then they are your brethren in religion. (In this way) We explain the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for a people who know. (At-Tawbah 9:11)

- It is impossible for Hanafi’s to refute the hujjah of At-Taubah 9:11

AYAH 48

فَمَا تَنْفَعُهُمْ شَفَاعَةُ الشَّافِعِينَ
So no intercession of intercessors will be of any use to them. (Al-Muddaththir 74:48)

- Ayah 48 - if you abandon salah the no intercession can avail you on the day of recompense
- Allah mentions the 4 crimes one after the other
- The Creator's Right: Salah and the creations Right: Zakat
- Allah begins with the worst crime first; Abandoning Salah
- which is worse that abandoning Zakat

- There are different types of intercession
- Allah is Maliki yawmi-ddeen

The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection). (Al-Fatihah 1:4)

- No one can intercede for anyone without the permission of Allah

…Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission?... (Al-Baqarah 2:255)

- There are different types of intercession on the day of judgement

On the authority of Abu Huraira (RA) the Messenger of Allah said, "For every Prophet there is one invocation which is definitely fulfilled by Allah,, and I wish, if Allah will, to keep my that (special) invocation as to be the intercession for my followers on the Day of Resurrection." [al-Bukhari (7474) and Muslim (198)]

Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “I am the most noble of Adam’s descendant son the Day of Resurrection. I am the first whose grave shall be opened. I am the first to offer intercession. I am the first whose intercession shall be accepted.” [Sahih Muslim (4/1782) No. 2278]
Another version states: “I am the most noble of Adam’s descendants, and I say this without boasting. ” [related by Ibn Hibban (6476)]. In another version: “…on the Day of Resurrection and I say this without boasting.” [related by at-Tirmidhi (3615), Ibn Majah (4308), Ahmad (11000) and others]

- The previous prophets refused to intercede except Muhammad (SAW)
- This intercession of Muhammad (SAW) is called the great intercession -

On the authority of Anas (RA) from the Prophet (SAW), who said: The believers will gather together on the Day of Resurrection and will say: Should we not ask [someone] to intercede for us with our Lord? So they will come to Adam and will say: You are the Father of mankind; Allah created you with His hand He made His angels bow down to you and He taught you the names of everything, so intercede for us with you Lord so that He may give us relief form this place where we are. And he will say: I am not in a position [to do that] - and he will mention his wrongdoing and will feel ashamed and will say: Go to Noah, for he is the first messenger that Allah sent to the inhabitants of the earth. So they will come to him and he will say: I am not in a position [to do that] - and he will mention his having requested something of his Lord about which he had no [proper] knowledge (Quran Chapter 11 Verses 45-46), and he will feel ashamed and will say: Go to the Friend of the Merciful (Abraham). So they will come to him and he will say: I am not in a position [to do that]. Go to Moses, a servant to whom Allah talked and to whom He gave the Torah. So they will come to him and he will say: I am not in a position [to do that] - and he will mention the talking of a life other that for a life (Quran Chapter 28 Verses 15-16), and he will fell ashamed in the sight of his Lord and will say: Go to Jesus, Allah's servant and messenger, Allah's word and spirit. So they will come to him and he will say: I am not in a position [to do that]. Go to Muhammad (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), a servant to whom Allah has forgiven all his wrongdoing, past and future. So they will come to me and I shall set forth to ask permission to come to my Lord, and permission will be given, and when I shall see my Lord I shall prostrate myself. He will leave me thus for such time as it pleases Him, and then it will be said [to me]: Raise your head. Ask and it will be granted. Speak and it will be heard. Intercede and your intercession will be accepted. So I shall raise my head and praise Him with a form of praise that He will teach me. Then I shall intercede and HE will set me a limit [as to the number of people], so I shall admit them into Paradise. Then I shall return to Him, and when I shall see my Lord [I shall bow down] as before. Then I shall intercede and He will set me a limit [as to the number of people]. So I shall admit them into Paradise. Then I shall return for a third time, then a fourth, and I shall say: There remains in Hell-fire only those whom the Quran has confined and who must be there for eternity. There shall come out of Hell-fire he who has said: There is no god but Allah and who has in his heart goodness weighing a barley-corn; then there shall come out of Hell-fire he who has said: There is no god but Allah and who has in his heart goodness weighing a grain of wheat; then there shall come out of Hell-fire he who has said: There is no god but Allah and who has in his heart goodness weighing an atom. [It was related by al-Bukhari (4476); also by Muslim (193), at-Tirmidhi (2434), Ibn Majah (4312) and Ahmad (13587)]

- After which there are also minor intercessions
- Allah shows mankind that Muhammad (SAW) is the best of Allah’s creation via The Great Intercession
- The dua after the adhan can qualify a person to the great intercession of Muhammad (SAW)

Jabir Ibn Abdullah narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Whoever says when he hears the call to prayer,
اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ هَذِهِ الدَّعْوَةِ التَّامَّةِ، وَالصَّلاَةِ القَائِمَةِ آتِ مُحَمَّدًا الوَسِيلَةَ وَالفَضِيلَةَ، وَابْعَثْهُ مَقَامًا مَحْمُودًا الَّذِي وَعَدْتَهُ
'Allaahumma rabba hadhhi’l-da’wat il-taammah wa’l-salaat il-qaa’imah, aati Muhammadan al-waseelah wa’l-fadeelah wab’athhu maqaaman mahmoodan alladhi wa’adtahu
(O Allah, Lord of this perfect call and the prayer which is about to begin, grant Muhammad al-waseelah (a station in Paradise) and al-fadeelah (a rank above the rest of creation), and raise him to the praised position that You have promised),’ my intercession will be granted for him on the Day of Resurrection.” [Sahih Bukhari (1/126) No. 614]

- It is vital to know this dua
- The above version of this dua is the most authentic version, although other weaker versions exist.

THE MINOR INTERCESSIONS ARE:

1. THE HOLY QURAN

An-Nawwas bin Sam'an (RA) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW) saying, “The Qur'an and its people who applied it, will be brought on the Day of Resurrection preceded with Surat Al-Baqarah and Surat Al-'Imran arguing on behalf of those who applied them.” [Sahih Muslim (1/554) No. 805]

2. RAMADAAN

'Abdullah ibn 'Amr reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW), said: "The fast and the Qur'an are two intercessors for the servant of Allah on the Day of Resurrection. The fast will say: 'O Lord, I prevented him from his food and desires during the day. Let me intercede for him.' The Qur'an will say: 'I prevented him from sleeping at night. Let me intercede for him.' And their intercession will be accepted." [Musnad Ahmad (2/174) No. 6626, Mustadrak al-Haakim (1/740) No. 2036, Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (3/378) No. 1839]

3. A MUSLIM CHILD WHO DIED BEFORE PUBERTY

Narrated Anas bin Malik: the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "Any Muslim whose three children died before the age of puberty will be granted Paradise by Allah because of His mercy to them." [Related by al-Bukhari (1381); also Ahmad (12557) and an-Nasa'i (1873)]

And those who believe and whose offspring follow them in Faith, to them shall We join their offspring, and We shall not decrease the reward of their deeds in anything. Every person is a pledge for that which he has earned. (At-Tur 52:21)

4. THE HAFIDH

On the authority of Ali bin Abi Talib the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “He who recites the Qur’an, memorizes it, if he regards what it permits as halal and what it forbids as haram, Allah will enter him into Paradise and accept his intercession for ten of his family members, all of whom deserved to enter Hell.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/171) No. 2905, Sunan Ibn Majah (1/146) No. 216, Musnad Ahmad (1/148) No. 1267; Abu Esa (Tirmidhi) said: this hadith is ghareeb (strange), we do not know it except by this route and its isnad is not Sahih and Hafs bin Sulaiman is weak in the narration of hadith] (Classified Daeef)

On the authority of Jabir the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “The bearer of the Qur’an, if he regards what it permits as halal and what it forbids as haram, he will intercede for ten of his family members on the Day of Resurrection, all of whom deserved to enter Hell.” [al-Mu'jam al-Awsat al-Tabarani (5/260) No. 5258 and Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (4/228) No. 2438] (Classified Daeef)

5. THE SHAHEED (MARTYR)

Miqdam ibn Ma’dikarib (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “There are with Allah six blessings for the martyr. [1] He is forgiven with the first drop of blood. [2] He is shown his abode in paradise. [3] He is preserved from the torment of the grave and is safe from the great fear on the Day of Resurrection. [4] A crown of honour ingrained with pearl is placed on his head, which is better than the world and what it contains. [5] He is married to seventy-two maidens (huris) of paradise. [6] His intercession for his seventy relatives is accepted.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/187-188) No. 1663, Musnad Ahmad (4/131) No. 17221, Sunan Ibn Majah (4/82) No. 2799]

6. THE ANGELS

Abu Sa'eed al-Khudri narrated… the Prophet (SAW) said: “…By the One in Whose hand is my soul, none of you can be more insistent in asking Allaah to restore his rights against his opponent than the believers who will ask Allaah, on the Day of Resurrection, (to grant them the power of intercession) for their brothers who are in the Fire. They will say, ‘Our Lord, they used to fast with us and pray and perform Hajj.’ It will be said to them, ‘Bring out those whom you recognize, so the Fire will be forbidden to burn them.’ So they will bring out many people… And Allaah will say: ‘The angels have interceded, and the Prophets have interceded, and the believers have interceded. There is none left but the Most Merciful of those who show mercy.’ Then He will seize a handful of the Fire and bring forth from it people who never did anything good…” [Sahih Muslim (1/167-170) No. 183]

7. THE PROPHETS AND MESSENGERS

- According to the Quran the earth will testify
- for some people to go to paradise and for others to go to hell
- but it cannot intercede

That Day it will declare its information (about all what happened over it of good or evil). (4) Because your Lord has inspired it. (Az-Zalzalah 99:4-5)

- The earth will tell Allah for all the good and bad that took place upon it
- Our limbs will also testify

This Day, We shall seal up their mouths, and their hands will speak to Us, and their legs will bear witness to what they used to earn. (It is said that one's left thigh will be the first to bear the witness). [Tafsir At-Tabari, Vol. 22, Page 24] (Ya-Sin 36:65)

- All the prophets had a dua which Allah answered
- but Muhammad (SAW) saved his dua to use as intercession for his Ummah

AYAH 49-51

فَمَا لَهُمْ عَنِ التَّذْكِرَةِ مُعْرِضِينَ (49) كَأَنَّهُمْ حُمُرٌ مُسْتَنْفِرَةٌ (50) فَرَّتْ مِنْ قَسْوَرَةٍ (51)
Then what is wrong with them (i.e. the disbelievers) that they turn away from (receiving) admonition? (49) As if they were frightened (wild) donkeys. (50) Fleeing from a hunter, or a lion, or a beast of prey (Al-Muddaththir 74:49-51)

- Allah asks a question here
- Allah testifies that they run away from the haqq
- Allah confirms that the infidels are horrified - like donkeys run from the prey of lions
- why is it that they run away from the haqq?
- Because they are addicted to their evil & corrupted desires and thus petrified of the haqq

THOSE WHO RUNAWAY FROM THE HAQQ ARE:
i. THE KUFFAAR
ii. THE MUNAFIQEEN
iii. THE APOSTATES

- The word Shariah is provocative and instils fear in the kaafir; they run from it
- because the word Shariah means every homosexual will be decapitated
- So they run like donkeys
- when the kuffaar in the time of the prophet buried their female children alive, they showed a lack of tauheed
- not a fear of Shariah, but a fear of poverty led them to this
- similar to that which goes on in many villages in India


…Intolerable for the Mushrikun, is that to which you (O Muhammad SAW) call them. Allah chooses for Himself whom He wills, and guides unto Himself who turns to Him in repentance and in obedience. (Ash-Shura 42:13)

Have you seen him who takes his own lust (vain desires) as his ilah (god), and Allah knowing (him as such), left him astray, and sealed his hearing and his heart, and put a cover on his sight. Who then will guide him after Allah? Will you not then remember? (Al-Jathiyah 45:23)

- Here, Allah confirms that many people worship their desires (not Allah)
- and thus these are the same people that run away from Islam; like a group of donkeys when chased by lions

AYAH 52

بَلْ يُرِيدُ كُلُّ امْرِئٍ مِنْهُمْ أَنْ يُؤْتَى صُحُفًا مُنَشَّرَةً
Nay, everyone of them desires that he should be given pages spread out (coming from Allah with a writing that Islam is the right religion, and Muhammad SAW has come with the truth from Allah the Lord of the heavens and earth, etc.). (Al-Muddaththir 74:52)

- The kaafirs here are placing conditions on their belief; “only if Allah reveals to me a book like which he revealed to Muhammad (SAW)’, then I will believe, if Allah doesn’t reveal such; then I shall not believe!”

And when there comes to them a sign (from Allah) they say: "We shall not believe until we receive the like of that which the Messengers of Allah had received." Allah knows best with whom to place His Message. Humiliation and disgrace from Allah and a severe torment will overtake the criminals (polytheists, sinners, etc.) for that which they used to plot. (Al-An'am 6:124)

- Kaafirs always put conditions on their eeman
- Kaafirs go as far to say ridiculous things such as “I will only believe if I can marry 4 husbands; like the men have 4 wives”
- “If I don’t have to wear the hijaab, then I will embrace Islam”

AYAH 53

كَلَّا بَلْ لَا يَخَافُونَ الْآخِرَةَ
Nay! But they fear not the Hereafter (from Allah's punishment). (Al-Muddaththir 74:53)

- When a person doesn’t fear the hereafter, they dabble in every haram upon earth
- they don’t fear because they don’t believe

AYAH 54-55

كَلَّا إِنَّهُ تَذْكِرَةٌ (54) فَمَنْ شَاءَ ذَكَرَهُ (55)
Nay, verily, this (Qur'an) is an admonition, (54) So whosoever will (let him read it), and receive admonition (from it)! (Al-Muddaththir 74:54-55)

Alif-Lam-Mim. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur'an and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings]. (1) This is the Book (the Qur'an), whereof there is no doubt, a guidance to those who are Al-Muttaqun [the pious and righteous persons who fear Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden) and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)]. (Al-Baqarah 2:1-2)

- Allah states that the Quran is an admonisher and a divine guidance

And He found you unaware (of the Qur'an, its legal laws, and Prophethood, etc.) and guided you? (Ad-Duha 93:7)

AYAH 56

وَمَا يَذْكُرُونَ إِلَّا أَنْ يَشَاءَ اللَّهُ هُوَ أَهْلُ التَّقْوَى وَأَهْلُ الْمَغْفِرَةِ
And they will not receive admonition unless Allah wills; He (Allah) is the One, deserving that mankind should be afraid of, and should be dutiful to Him, and should not take any Ilah (God) along with Him, and He is the One Who forgives (sins). (Al-Muddaththir 74:56)

- No one can be guided, unless it is by the will of Allah
- The Qadar of Allah

And you will not, unless (it be) that Allah wills, the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). (At-Takwir 81:29)

- Allah will guide us if we are sincere and seek the guidance
- However if we are proud arrogant and haughty, then we will not be guided
- Guidance is dependent on the condition of our heart

…So when they turned away (from the Path of Allah), Allah turned their hearts away (from the Right Path). And Allah guides not the people who are Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah). (As-Saff 61:5)

- So when they turned away from the path of Allah, Allah then turned their hearts away from the guidance
- Allah will never misguide us until He gives us the opportunity to hear the haqq
- Allah is not unjust to his servants - Allah does not oppress

This is because of that (evil) which your hands have sent before you. And certainly, Allah is never unjust to (His) slaves. (Aali Imran 3:182)