Thursday, October 9, 2014

(NOTES & AUDIO) Tafsir Surah Al 'Araf - Part 12 - The Pharaoh Crucified His Magicians

Tafsir Surah Al 'Araf - Part 12 - The Pharaoh Crucified His Magicians 
By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
Wednesday 8th October 2014



AYAH 123

Fir'aun (Pharaoh) said: "You have believed in him [Musa (Moses)] before I give you permission. Surely, this is a plot which you have plotted in the city to drive out its people, but you shall come to know. (Al-A'raf 7:123)

What is the Pharaoh trying to say here?
He is saying that you cannot believe in anything until he gives you permission
He had a god complex
There are three types of complexes: Inferiority, superiority and god Complex
The Pharaoh was suffering from a god complex
This why he said the people could not believe without his permission

Then [Musa (Moses)] showed him the great sign (miracles). (An-Nazi'at 79:20)
But [Fir'aun (Pharaoh)] belied and disobeyed; (An-Nazi'at 79:21)
Then he turned his back, striving hard (against Allah). (An-Nazi'at 79:22)
Then he gathered his people and cried aloud, (An-Nazi'at 79:23)
Saying: "I am your lord, most high", (An-Nazi'at 79:24)

Above is the evidence that the Pharaoh was suffering from a god complex
Just like the modern day Pharaoh of today

Fir'aun (Pharaoh) said: "You have believed in him [Musa (Moses)] before I give you permission. Surely, this is a plot which you have plotted in the city to drive out its people, but you shall come to know. (Al-A'raf 7:123)

What the Pharaoh is saying is that the magicians lost the competition against Musa (as)
because they plotted with Musa to do so

Fir'aun (Pharaoh)] said: "Believe you in him [Musa (Moses)] before I give you permission? Verily! He is your chief who taught you magic. So I will surely cut off your hands and feet on opposite sides, and I will surely crucify you on the trunks of date-palms, and you shall surely know which of us [I (Fir'aun ­ Pharaoh) or the Lord of Musa (Moses)
 (Allah)] can give the severe and more lasting torment." (Ta-Ha 20:71)

These 70 magicians that the Pharaoh brought, Musa (as) never met them before
The Pharaoh was a liar because Musa could not teach them magic
Pharaoh said his magicians deliberately threw the competition away
Pharaoh said they fixed the competition
And further, who allowed them to believe without my permission?

AYAH 124

"Surely, I will cut off your hands and your feet on opposite sides, then I will crucify you all." (Al-A'raf 7:124)

The Pharaoh was the first one to carry out crucifixion
The worst hatred is religious hatred.
This is what the above ayah is telling you
The modern day Pharaoh will also kill you for your belief
They kill innocent people with drones at their wedding parties
So you can expect what happened in Bosnia, Burma, Chechnya, Kashmir, Palestine etc
To happen in other parts of the world
They are killing the people because they say my Law Giver is Allah
The people of Syria are being killed because they have this belief

AYAH 125

They said: "Verily, we are returning to our Lord. (Al-A'raf 7:125)

This means that they are returning to their Lord as Shuhada (martyr)

On the authority of Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (RA): the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "The best type of Jihad is speaking a true word in the presence of a tyrant ruler." [Sunan Abu Dawud (4/124) No. 4344, Sunan Ibn Majah (5/144) No. 4011, Sunan Tirmidhi (4/471) No. 2174]

AYAH 126

"And you take vengeance on us only because we believed in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.) of our Lord when they reached us! Our Lord! pour out on us patience, and cause us to die as Muslims." (Al-A'raf 7:126)

They had nothing against them, except that they believed in Allah, the All-Mighty, Worthy of all Praise! (Al-Buruj 85:8)

The people who were dumped in the ditch are similar to the magicians of the Pharaoh
Their only crime was that they believed in Allah (swt)
One is mentioned surah Buruj (the people of the ditch)
And the other is mentioned in Surah Al-Araf (the magicians)
The magicians of the Pharaoh were killed long before the people of the ditch
And the magicians of the Pharaoh remained firm in their faith too

They said: "We prefer you not over the clear signs that have come to us, and to Him (Allah) Who created us. So decree whatever you desire to decree, for you can only decree (regarding) this life of the world. (Ta-Ha 20:72)

"Verily! We have believed in our Lord, that He may forgive us our faults, and the magic to which you did compel us. And Allah is better as regards reward in comparison to your [Fir'aun's (Pharaoh)] reward, and more lasting (as regards punishment in comparison to your punishment)." (Ta-Ha 20:73)

Verily! Whoever comes to his Lord as a Mujrim (criminal, polytheist, disbeliever in the Oneness of Allah and His Messengers, sinner, etc.), then surely, for him is Hell, therein he will neither die nor live. (Ta-Ha 20:74)

But whoever comes to Him (Allah) as a believer (in the Oneness of Allah, etc.), and has done righteous good deeds, for such are the high ranks (in the Hereafter), (Ta-Ha 20:75)

Allah's punishment is everlasting
Allah's reward is also everlasting
You, the Pharaoh, your reward is only in the dunya
The magicians preferred to be killed by the Pharaoh
Because Allah's punishment is everlasting

Many scholars believed that magic started in the time of Sulaiman (as)
With the two angels Harut and Marut
My shaikhs told me this is wrong
Because Musa came long before Sulaiman
And the Pharaoh brought 70 magicians to challenge Musa
The punishment for a magician is one strike of the sword to the neck

Jundub (RA) reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “The hadd (prescribed punishment) for the practitioner of magic is a blow with the sword (i.e., execution)"  [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/60) No. 1460, Sunan al-Daraqutni (4/120) No. 3204, Mustadrak al-Haakim (4/401) No. 8073, al-Sunan al-Kabir al-Bayhaqi (8/234) No. 16500, al-Mu'jam al-Kabir al-Tabarani (2/161) No. 1665]

Yahya related to me from Malik from Muhammad ibn Abd ar-Rahman ibn Sad ibn Zurara that he had heard that Hafsa, the wife of the Prophet (SAW), killed one of her slave-girls who had used sorcery against her. She was a mudabbara. Hafsa gave the order, and she was killed. [Muwatta Malik (2/458) No. 2876]

My shaikhs told me she was killed by ibn Omar (above hadith)

Bajaalah (RA) said: “Umar ibn al-Khattaab (RA) wrote to us commanding us to kill every sorcerer, male or female.” [Musnad Ahmad (1/190) No. 1657, Sunan Abu Dawud (3/168) No. 3043, al-Sunan al-Kabir al-Bayhaqi (9/318) No. 18652].

AYAH 127

The chiefs of Fir'aun's (Pharaoh) people said: "Will you leave Musa (Moses) and his people to spread mischief in the land, and to abandon you and your gods?" He said: "We will kill their sons, and let live their women, and we have indeed irresistible power over them." (Al-A'raf 7:127)

The first lesson you learn from the above ayah is that
Whenever a Prophet comes with a message
The shaitan always uses the Chief to oppose the Prophets

And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies - Shayatin (devils) among mankind and jinns, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion (or by way of deception). If your Lord had so willed, they would not have done it, so leave them alone with their fabrications. (Tafseer Qurtubi, Vol.7, Page 67) (Al-An'am 6:112)

And thus We have set up in every town great ones of its wicked people to plot therein. But they plot not except against their ownselves, and they perceive (it) not. (Al-An'am 6:123)

And they will say: "Our Lord! Verily, we obeyed our chiefs and our great ones, and they misled us from the (Right) Way. (Al-Ahzab 33:67)
Our Lord! give them double torment and curse them with a mighty curse!" (Al-Ahzab 33:68)

On Day Of Judgement the people will blame their Chiefs

Lesson 2: The Taghut always calls the haqq mischief
In every era the taghut always label the haqq as mischief

Lesson 3: The torch bearer of the truth (the one who carries the torch) is always labeled as the trouble maker in every era

Ibn Taymiyyah was a torch bearer of the haqq

Ibn al-Qayyim said: One day he (meaning Ibn Taymiyyah) said to me: “What can my enemies do to me? My garden is in my heart; wherever I go it is with me and never leaves me. My detainment is seclusion (an opportunity for worship), my being killed is martyrdom, and being expelled from my city is a journey.” [al-Waabil as-Sayyib min al-Kalim at-Tayyib (pg. 48)]

Ibn Taymiyyah was labeled as a trouble maker in his time
You should encourage each other to speak the truth and have sabr
Because when you open your mouth to speak the truth,
You will be labeled as a trouble maker

Lesson 4: The taghut resort to killing children out of desperation

The sacred month is for the sacred month, and for the prohibited things, there is the Law of Equality (Qisas). Then whoever transgresses the prohibition against you, you transgress likewise against him. And fear Allah, and know that Allah is with Al-Muttaqun (the pious - see V.2:2) . (Al-Baqarah 2:194)


The hypocrites may not like this fatwa, but they have to accept it

Lesson 5: They put their tawakkul (trust) in their power
Meaning they believe in their own inevitability
They also believe that they are unconquerable
But we say there is no power or strength except from Allah

AYAH 128

Musa (Moses) said to his people: "Seek help in Allah and be patient. Verily, the earth is Allah's. He gives it as a heritage to whom He will of His slaves, and the (blessed) end is for the Muttaqun (pious - see V.2:2)." (Al-A'raf 7:128)

Musa had to say to his people have sabr because his people were suffering
When you are a leader and your people are suffering
You have to always remind them to have sabr

And seek help in patience and As-Salat (the prayer) and truly it is extremely heavy and hard except for Al-Khashi'un [i.e. the true believers in Allah - those who obey Allah with full submission, fear much from His Punishment, and believe in His Promise (Paradise, etc.) and in His Warnings (Hell, etc.)]. (Al-Baqarah 2:45)

And obey Allah and His Messenger, and do not dispute (with one another) lest you lose courage and your strength depart, and be patient. Surely, Allah is with those who are As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.). (Al-Anfal 8:46)

Allah gave you instructions in the above ayah
The earth belongs to Allah and He will give it as a heritage to whom he will

Say (O Muhammad SAW) : "O Allah! Possessor of the kingdom, You give the kingdom to whom You will, and You take the kingdom from whom You will, and You endue with honour whom You will, and You humiliate whom You will. In Your Hand is the good. Verily, You are Able to do all things. (Aali Imran 3:26)

Those (Muslim rulers) who, if We give them power in the land, (they) order for Iqamat-as-Salat. [i.e. to perform the five compulsory congregational Salat (prayers) (the males in mosques)], to pay the Zakat and they enjoin Al-Ma'ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and forbid Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism and all that Islam has forbidden) [i.e. they make the Qur'an as the law of their country in all the spheres of life]. And with Allah rests the end of (all) matters (of creatures). (Al-Hajj 22:41)

The sincere Muslim establishes the Shariah in the land

AYAH 129

They said: "We (Children of Israel) had suffered troubles before you came to us, and since you have come to us." He said: "It may be that your Lord will destroy your enemy and make you successors on the earth, so that He may see how you act?" (Al-A'raf 7:129)

The people suffered before and after Musa arrived and asked what is the difference
Musa's reply is in the above ayah

AYAH 130

And indeed We punished the people of Fir'aun (Pharaoh) with years of drought and shortness of fruits (crops, etc.), that they might remember (take heed). (Al-A'raf 7:130)

This ayah proves that sins cause poverty
And sins cause Allah's retribution

It was narrated from Thawban that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Nothing increases one's life span except righteousness and nothing repels the Divine decree except supplication, and a man may be deprived of provision by a sin that he commits."' [Sunan Ibn Majah (5/152) No. 4022, Musnad Ahmad (5/277) No. 22440, Mustadrak al-Haakim (1/670) No. 1814, Sahih Ibn Hibban (3/153) No. 872, al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Nasa'i (10/380) No. 11775]

The above hadith is evidence that sins cause poverty and poverty cause sins it recycles

AYAH 131

But whenever good came to them, they said: "Ours is this." And if evil afflicted them, they ascribed it to evil omens connected with Musa (Moses) and those with him. Be informed! Verily, their evil omens are with Allah but most of them know not. (Al-A'raf 7:131)

When good comes, they become proud and arrogant
When evil came, they blamed Musa (as)
Saying Musa brought the evil omen with him
The ayah is telling you when good comes it's from Allah
And when bad comes it's from your own doing

Whatever of good reaches you, is from Allah, but whatever of evil befalls you, is from yourself. And We have sent you (O Muhammad SAW) as a Messenger to mankind, and Allah is Sufficient as a Witness. (An-Nisa 4:79)

Your sins cause the hardships to come
People suffer drought because of their sins
Egypt have not had rain in 5 years - they don't pay zakat
They attributed the bad to some omen: "Musa brought the omen with him"...

They (people) said: "For us, we see an evil omen from you, if you cease not, we will surely stone you, and a painful torment will touch you from us." (Ya-Sin 36:18)

They (Messengers) said: "Your evil omens be with you! (Do you call it "evil omen") because you are admonished? Nay, but you are a people Musrifun (transgressing all bounds by committing all kinds of great sins, and by disobeying Allah). (Ya-Sin 36:19)

What did the Prophet (saw) say about omens?

Abdullah ibn Mas'ud reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Paying attention to the bad omen (tayyara) is association (shirk). It has nothing to do with us. Allah will remove it by reliance on Him." (Bukhari)

Abdullah ibn ‘Amr narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Whoever cancels one's intention to do something because of At-Tiyarah (an evil omen), that one has committed shirk.” They said, “What is the kafaarah (expiation) for that?” He said, “To say: Allaahumma la khayra illaa khayruka wa laa tayra illaa tayruka wa laa ilaaha ghayruka (O Allah, there is no good except Your good, no birds (omens) except from You, and there is no god beside You).” [Musnad Ahmad (2/220) No. 7045 and al-Tabarani in ‘al-Mu’jam al-Kabir' (13/22) No. 38]

Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar: I heard the Prophet saying. "evil omen is in three things: The horse, the woman and the house." (Bukhari Book #52, Hadith #110)

What the Prophet (saw) means here is if there is the evil eye
Then it comes on these three things
I quoted these hadith because the Pharaoh believe Musa brought an omen
Which was causing the drought in Egypt

AYAH 132

Say (O Muhammad SAW) : "Who has forbidden the adoration with clothes given by Allah, which He has produced for his slaves, and At-Taiyibat [all kinds of Halal (lawful) things] of food?" Say: "They are, in the life of this world, for those who believe, (and) exclusively for them (believers) on the Day of Resurrection (the disbelievers will not share them)." Thus We explain the Ayat (Islamic laws) in detail for people who have knowledge. (Al-A'raf 7:32)

They made that statement after Musa bombarded them with 9 signs
What were the 9 signs of Musa?

Ibn ‘Abbas, Mujahid, ‘Ikrimah, Ash-Sha’bi and Qatadah said: "They are his hand, his staff, the years of famine, the failure of the crops, the flood, the locusts, the lice, the frogs and the blood.'' [Tafseer Ibn Katheer (5/124)]

The people were not going to believe no matter how many signs Musa brought

Verily, those who disbelieve, it is the same to them whether you (O Muhammad Peace be upon him ) warn them or do not warn them, they will not believe. (Al-Baqarah 2:6)

Allah has set a seal on their hearts and on their hearings, (i.e. they are closed from accepting Allah's Guidance), and on their eyes there is a covering. Theirs will be a great torment. (Al-Baqarah 2:7)

People like the Pharaoh and his Chiefs are who Allah was speaking about in the above ayaat

AYAH 133

So We sent on them: the flood, the locusts, the lice, the frogs, and the blood: (as a succession of) manifest signs, yet they remained arrogant, and they were of those people who were Mujrimun (criminals, polytheists, sinners, etc.). (Al-A'raf 7:133)

AYAH 134

And when the punishment fell on them they said: "O Musa (Moses)! Invoke your Lord for us because of His Promise to you. If you will remove the punishment from us, we indeed shall believe in you, and we shall let the Children of Israel go with you." (Al-A'raf 7:134)

The promise that Allah made to Musa was that He would answer his dua
When the river Nile became blood, it became unbearable for them
Our question to the Pharaoh is, why did you ask Musa to pray to his Lord for you?
You told the people of Egypt that you (the Pharaoh) were the one and only lord.
That means you were lying to your people
They made a promise to Musa that they would believe if the punishment were removed
Let’s see if the Pharaoh fulfilled his promise

AYAH 135

But when We removed the punishment from them to a fixed term, which they had to reach, behold! They broke their word! (Al-A'raf 7:135)

The Pharaoh tried to pull a stunt on Allah
He went back on his word
He broke his promise like Allah told you in the above ayah
The Pharaoh is not the only kafir to go back on his word

And when they embark on a ship, they invoke Allah, making their Faith pure for Him only, but when He brings them safely to land, behold, they give a share of their worship to others. (Al-'Ankabut 29:65)

The above ayah speaks about the people on a ship about to sink
They called upon Allah (swt)
Allah rescued them but when they reached dry land,
They returned to worship others besides Allah
Man is very ungrateful
Man likes to use people and dump people

AYAH 136

So We took retribution from them. We drowned them in the sea, because they belied Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and were heedless about them. (Al-A'raf 7:136)

Here they promised to worship Allah if they were saved,
But went back on their word so Allah drowned them in the red sea
It is worthy of mentioning that the Pharaoh took his shahada when he was drowning
But it was thrown back in his face like a dirty rag
Allah rejected it

And We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and Fir'aun (Pharaoh) with his hosts followed them in oppression and enmity, till when drowning overtook him, he said: "I believe that La ilaha illa (Huwa) : (none has the right to be worshipped but) He," in Whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am one of the Muslims (those who submit to Allah's Will)." (Yunus 10:90)

Now (you believe) while you refused to believe before and you were one of the Mufsidun (evil-doers, corrupts, etc.). (Yunus 10:91)

So this day We shall deliver your (dead) body (out from the sea) that you may be a sign to those who come after you! And verily, many among mankind are heedless of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs , revelations, etc.). (Yunus 10:92)

The Pharaoh's body was lying on the bottom of the ocean floor for 3000 years
When some divers discovered it
His body was discovered in 1897 intact

Ibn Abbas (radi Allahu anhu) narrated that the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “When Allah drowned Firaun, he said (while drowning), ‘I believe that there is no God but He in whom the Children of Israil believe.’ Jibreel said to me, ‘O Muhammad! If you could have seen me when I took the mud from the sea and shoved it into his mouth, fearing that the mercy of Allah might save him.’” [Tirmidhi]

This is one of the great predictions of the Quran