Sunday, October 12, 2014

(NOTES & AUDIO) Tafsir Surah Al 'Araf - Part 13 - We Will Never See Allah (swt) In The Dunya


Tafsir Surah Al 'Araf - Part 13 - We Will Never See Allah (swt) In The Dunya 
By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
Saturday 11th October 2014





Download: https://archive.org/details/TafsirSurahAlArafPart13WeWillNeverSeeAllahswtInTheDunya


NOTES TYPED LIVE BY TI-Nspire
EDITED AND FORMATTED BY AT38


AYAH 136

So We took retribution from them. We drowned them in the sea, because they belied Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and were heedless about them. (Al-A'raf 7:136)

The sea talked about in this verse is the Red Sea.
And the word them, refers to the Pharaoh  and his army.
They were drowned and therefore punished for their kufr.
They rejected Musa (as)
 
AYAH 137

And We made the people who were considered weak to inherit the eastern parts of the land and the western parts thereof which We have blessed. And the fair Word of your Lord was fulfilled for the Children of Israel, because of their endurance. And We destroyed completely all the great works and buildings which Fir'aun (Pharaoh) and his people erected. (Al-A'raf 7:137)

 The Children of Israel were weak in the land.
 The Pharaoh made them weak through oppression.
 But now the table has turned.
 The Pharaoh and his army drowned as punishment for their kufr.
 So the Children of Israel inherited the eastern and western parts of the land.

Ibn Katheer says eastern and western part of the land means bilad ash sham (Syria and Greater Syria).
 
On the authority of Zayd ibn Thabit (RA) who said: ‘We were with Allah (swt)’s Messenger (SAW) making transcripts of the Qur’an on parchments. He said, “Blessed is Syria.” We asked, “Why is that so, O Messenger of Allah (swt)?” He said, “Because the angels of the Most Merciful spread their wings over it.”’ [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/734) No. 3954, Musnad Ahmad (5/184) No. 21647, Mustadrak al-Haakim (2/249) No. 2900; adh-Dhahabi graded this on the conditions of al-Bukhari and Muslim]

So Allah (swt) blessed ash Sham.
This means Palestine, Lebanon, Jordan and Syria.

……He would then call (that young man) and he will come forward laughing with his face gleaming (with happiness) and it would at this very time that Allah (swt) would send Christ, son of Mary, and he will descend at the white minaret in the eastern side of Damascus wearing two garments lightly dyed with saffron and placing his hands on the wings of two Angels. [Sahih Muslim (4/2250-2255) Muslim: (41/18) Hadith: 7015 & (2937)]

Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allah (swt)) [above all that (evil) they associate with Him] [Tafsir Qurtubi, Vol. 10, Page 204] Who took His slave (Muhammad SAW) for a journey by night from Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) to the farthest mosque (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad SAW) of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer[]. (Al-Isra 17:1)

When you don't know the tafsir of a certain verse, you should refer to Ibn Katheer.
And you should avoid your own opinion.

And We made the people who were considered weak to inherit the eastern parts of the land and the western parts thereof which We have blessed. And the fair Word of your Lord was fulfilled for the Children of Israel, because of their endurance. And We destroyed completely all the great works and buildings which Fir'aun (Pharaoh) and his people erected. (Al-A'raf 7:137)

The Pharaoh had building engineers who were expert.
Even today the Europeans travel to Egypt to view the pyramids.
They are astonished at the structures built by the Pharaoh and his allies.
Pharaoh even built structures for the sake of showing off.

Fir'aun (Pharaoh) said: "O chiefs! I know not that you have an ilah (a god) other than me, so kindle for me (a fire), O Haman, to bake (bricks out of) clay, and set up for me a Sarhan (a lofty tower, or palace, etc.) in order that I may look at (or look for) the Ilah (God) of Musa (Moses); and verily, I think that he [Musa (Moses)] is one of the liars." (Al-Qasas 28:38)

Pharaoh told his people to build him a tall structure to go visit Allah (swt)
The Lord that Musa (as) is talking about.
Most of the infrastructures of the Pharaoh are destroyed, little remain today.
 Because the Sunnah of Allah (swt) is to destroy every single society that is built upon shirk.
 And the Sunnah of Allah (swt) does not change.

... Then, can they expect anything (else), but the Sunnah (way of dealing) of the peoples of old? So no change will you find in Allah's Sunnah (way of dealing), and no turning off will you find in Allah's Sunnah (way of dealing). (Fatir 35:43)

AYAH 138

And We brought the Children of Israel (with safety) across the sea, and they came upon a people devoted to some of their idols (in worship). They said: "O Musa (Moses)! Make for us an ilahan (a god) as they have aliha (gods)." He said: "Verily, you are a people who know not (the Majesty and Greatness of Allah  and what is obligatory upon you, i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone, the One and the Only God of all that exists)." (Al-A'raf 7:138)

Which people is Allah (swt) is talking about in the above verse?
Who were they?
Ibn Katheer says they were the people of Canaan.
Once again, it is best to consult the tafsir of the scholars
If you don't know a tafsir of a particular verse.
So the Jews said to Musa (as) to make them gods like the people of Canaan have.
Ibn Katheer says their idols were in forms of cows.
 
THE SEVEN LESSONS LEARNED FROM AYAH 138
 
1 - Slavery takes away your honour, dignity, prestige, identity and religiosity.
 These Jews were slaves so they lost their identity and religiosity.

Or were you witnesses when death approached Ya'qub (Jacob)? When he said unto his sons, "What will you worship after me?" They said, "We shall worship your Ilah (God - Allah), the Ilah (God) of your fathers, Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma'il (Ishmael), Ishaque (Isaac), One Ilah (God), and to Him we submit (in Islam)." (Al-Baqarah 2:133)

They were children of Jacob (as) yet they lost their identity due to years of slavery.
Look at what slavery has done to black people.
It destroyed their identity.
They follow their slave masters and worship Jesus (as).
Slavery strips you of everything.
 
2- When you have no dignity, you suffer from the Stockholm syndrome.
 
 Stockholm syndrome means to copy your oppressor.
 You want to follow their gods, their way of life.
 This is why black people worship Jesus in the west.
 
 3- To live outside the Islamic State is dangerous.
 You can be influenced by the kuffaar in worshipping other than Allah (swt).
 The Children of Israel passed by the people of Canaan and got influenced by them.
 Ibn Taimiyaah says the place you live in affects you.
 
Shaykh ul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (rh) said, “The state of a place reflects the state of a person. It is possible to be sometimes a Muslim and at other times a disbeliever; sometimes sincere and at other times hypocritical; sometimes good and pious and at other times rotten and corrupt. Thus, a person becomes like the place of his abode. The migration of a person from a land of disbelief and profanity to one of faith and probity is an expression of repentance and of his turning away from disobedience and perversion to belief and obedience. This is so until the Day of Resurrection.” [Majmu’al-Fatawa, (18/284)]
 
 4- Jews are very ungrateful by nature.
 They asked for an idol to worship after Allah (swt) saved them from Pharaoh.
 Allah (swt) drowned Pharaoh right in front of their very own eyes.
 
5- The heart of a Jew is inclined towards shirk and atheism.
 
6- Jews are very hardhearted.
 
Then, after that, your hearts were hardened and became as stones or even worse in hardness. And indeed, there are stones out of which rivers gush forth, and indeed, there are of them (stones) which split asunder so that water flows from them, and indeed, there are of them (stones) which fall down for fear of Allah. And Allah is not unaware of what you do. (Al-Baqarah 2:74)

This ayah is talking about Jews having hard hearts even after Allah (swt) saved them from the Pharaoh.
 
 7- You should correct the way wards.
 You are not allowed to delay the correction of the way wards.
 Because when the Jews asked Musa (as) for an idol, he corrected them right away.
 
He said: "Verily, you are a people who know not (the Majesty and Greatness of Allah and what is obligatory upon you, i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone, the One and the Only God of all that exists)." (Al-A'raf 7:138)

Abu Sa'id Khudri reported that Allah (swt)'s Messenger (SAW) was more modest than the virgin behind the curtain (or in the apartment), and when he disliked anything, we recognised that from his face. [al-Bukhari (6102) and Muslim (5739)]

On the authority of Abu Umar who said: Allah (swt) sent two angels to destroy a township with a natural disaster, but when they got there they found a man praying in the mosque. They went back to Allah (swt) and said: 'O Allah (swt) we found a man praying in the mosque.' Allah (swt) said to the two angels: 'Go back and destroy the township with that man as well because not once did he ever frown when he saw the people indulging in haram.' [Ibnul Qayyim, al-Jawaab al-Kaafi (Vol. 1, pg. 46)]

When the Jews asked Musa (as) for an idol to worship, immediately Musa enjoined the right and forbid the wrong.
 
AYAH 139

[Musa (Moses) added:] "Verily, these people will be destroyed for that which they are engaged in (idols-worship). And all that they are doing is in vain." (Al-A'raf 7:139)

Musa is saying the people of Canaan will be destroyed.
They have no hope, they're finished.
Because Allah (swt)'s Sunnah is to destroy pagan society.
And the Sunnah of Allah (swt) doesn't change.
 
AYAH 140

He said: "Shall I seek for you an Ilahan (a God) other than Allah (swt), while He has given you superiority over the 'Alamin (mankind and jinns of your time)." (Al-A'raf 7:140)

AYAH 141

And (remember) when We rescued you from Fir'aun's (Pharaoh) people, who were afflicting you with the worst torment, killing your sons and letting your women live. And in that was a great trial from your Lord. (Al-A'raf 7:141)

Musa is asking them why are they so ungrateful, have they forgotten the favors of Allah (swt) upon them?
Musa is appealing to them.
You were suffering in Egypt and Allah (swt) saved you with miracles.
But man is ungrateful to his Lord.

... and if you count the Blessings of Allah, never will you be able to count them. Verily! Man is indeed an extreme wrong-doer, - a disbeliever (an extreme ingrate, denies Allah's Blessings by disbelief, and by worshipping others besides Allah, and by disobeying Allah and His Prophet Muhammad SAW). (Ibrahim 14:34)

When the prophet (saws) conquered Makkah.
Shortly afterwards, the prophet (saws) took the sahaba to the battle of hunayn.
This was two weeks after the conquest
They passed the tree of dhaat anwaat which was a tree
The kuffaar used to hang their swords for good luck.
The new reverts requested a dhaat anwaat like the kufar have to hang their sword.
The prophet (saws) said "you spoke to me like the Jews spoke to Musa".
Because the Jews said to Musa "we want an idol like the people of Canaan".

Abu Waqid Laythi reported that when the Prophet (SAW) went out for the Battle of Hunayn, he passed by a tree belonging to the polytheists. It was known as dhaat anwat. They used to hang down their weapons over it. The sahabah said, “O Messenger of Allah (swt), (SAW) make for us a dhaat anwat as there is for them a dhaat anwat.” He said, “Glory be to Allah (swt)! This is as what the people of Musa (AS) said, “Make for us a god as there is for them a god. By Him who has my soul in His Hand, you will perpetrate the practices of the people gone before you.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/475) No. 2180 and Musnad Ahmad (5/218) No. 21947]

In the hadeeth of Abu Waaqid al-Laythi (may Allaah be pleased with him) it says: “We went out with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to Hunayn and we were new in Islam. The mushrikeen had a tree to which they would go and spend time (to seek blessings) and they used to hang their weapons on it, it was called Dhat Anwaat…” What is the meaning of the word Anwaat?.

This hadeeth was narrated by Imam Ahmad (2139) and by al-Tirmidhi (2180), who said it is hasan saheeh. It was also narrated by Ibn Abi Aasim in al-Sunnah. Al-Manaawi said: its isnaad is saheeh. And it was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Riyaadh al-Sunnah, no. 76.
These words were narrated in the hadeeth of Abu Waaqid al-Laythi (may Allaah be pleased with him): They went out from Makkah with the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to Hunayn. The kuffaar had a tree to which they would go and spend time (to seek blessings) and they used to hang their weapons on it, and it was called Dhaat Anwaat. We passed by a large green tree and we said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah, make for us a dhaat anwaat.’ The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘By the One in Whose hand is my soul, you have said the same as the people of Moosa said: make for us a god as they have gods. Verily you are a people who know not. These are ways that you will certainly follow as did those who came before you, step by step.’

According to a report narrated by Ibn Abi ‘Aasim in Kitaab al-Sunnah: And we were new in Islam (at that time). With regard to the words Dhaat Anwaat: Anwaat is the plural of the word nawt, which refers to anything that is hung up. Dhaat Anwaat is the tree on which these things were hung. Ibn al-Atheer said in al-Nihaayah:
This is the name of a specific tree that belonged to the mushrikeen, on which they used to hang their weapons and to which they would go and spend time (to seek blessings). They asked him to make something like that for them, and he forbade them to do that.
With regard to the phrase, “By the One in Whose hand is my soul, you have said the same as the people of Moosa said: make for us a god as they have gods. Verily you are a people who know not”: Here the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) likened what they had said to the words of the Children of Israel when they passed by some people who were worshipping their idols. They asked Moosa (peace be upon him) to make for them a god that they could worship as those people had a god.
With regard to the phrase “These are ways that you will certainly follow as did those who came before you”: i.e., this is the way of the nations who came before you. What is meant here is the way of the people who follow whims and desires and innovations that they introduced based on their own ideas after their Prophets were gone, and they changed their religion.
According to the hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed that was narrated by al-Bukhaari: “You will follow the ways of those who came before you, handspan by handspan, cubit by cubit, until even if they entered the hole of a lizard you will follow them.” We said: “O Messenger of Allaah, (do you mean) the Jews and the Christians?” He said: “Who else?”
Al-Nawawi said: This is a manifest miracle of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), for what he foretold indeed came to pass.
From this hadeeth we learn the following:

1- To beware of shirk (associating others with Allaah) and that a person may think that something is good and will bring him closer to Allaah, when it is as far removed as it can be from the mercy of his Lord and will bring him closer to His wrath.

2- Seeking blessings from trees and rocks and being attached to them are all acts of shirk which have happened in this ummah. Whoever falls into these things is following the path of the Jews and Christians and forsaking the path of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

3- What counts is meanings, not words. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) likened what they said to what the Children of Israel said, even though they were not blatantly asking for a god instead of Allaah.

4- It is forbidden to imitate the people of the Jaahiliyyah and the people of the Book in things that are unique to them and in their acts of worship.

5- It shows that when a person has moved away from falsehood to which he was accustomed, there is no guarantee that something of those old traditions will not be left in his heart, because the Sahaabah who asked him for that had only been Muslims for a few days, as they became Muslim on the day of the conquest of Makkah, then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) took them out on the campaign of Hunayn. This incident took place on the way to Hunayn.

See Fath al-Majeed bi Sharh Kitaab al-Tawheed, 139-147; and al-Qawl al-Mufeed by Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen.
 
Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (RA), who said that the Prophet (SAW) said: “They will follow the ways of those who came before them, handspan by handspan, cubit by cubit, until even if they entered a lizard’s hole they will follow them.” We said: “O Messenger of Allah (swt), (do you mean) the Jews and Christians?” He said: “Who else?” [al-Bukhari (3456) and Muslim (2669)]


AYAH 142

And We appointed for Musa (Moses) thirty nights and added (to the period) ten (more), and he completed the term, appointed by his Lord, of forty nights. And Musa (Moses) said to his brother Harun (Aaron) : "Replace me among my people, act in the Right Way (by ordering the people to obey Allah (swt) and to worship Him Alone) and follow not the way of the Mufsidun (mischief-makers)." (Al-A'raf 7:142)

This ayah is saying when you are leaving people and you are the ameer,
You must leave them a deputy to step in for you.
People are like sheep.
A leader is needed to keep them on siraat al mustaqeem.
They need to be reminded of tauheed constantly.
This ayah also means an alim should have helpers.
Even Musa (as) begged Allah (swt) for a helper.

"And appoint for me a helper from my family, (Ta-Ha 20:29)
"Harun (Aaron), my brother; (Ta-Ha 20:30)
"Increase my strength with him, (Ta-Ha 20:31)
"And let him share my task (of conveying Allah's Message and Prophethood), (Ta-Ha 20:32)

Even though he was a prophet, he begged Allah (swt) for a helper.
Even the prophet (saws) had helpers.
He had the Ansar.

Narrated By Jabir: The Prophet said, "Who will bring me the information about the enemy on the day (of the battle) of Al-Ahzab (i.e. Clans)?" Az-Zubair said, "I will." The Prophet said again, "Who will bring me the information about the enemy?" Az-Zubair said again, "I will." The Prophet said, "Every prophet had a disciple and my disciple is Az-Zubair."
[Sahih Bukhari, Vol 4, Book 52, Hadith #99]

On the authority of Anas bin Malik (RA) who reported that the Messenger of Allah (swt) (SAW) said: "For every Ummah there is an Amin (trustee) and the Amin (trustee) of our Ummah is Abu 'Ubaidah bin Al-Jarah." [Narrated by al-Bukhari (3744) and Muslim (2419)]


AYAH 143

And when Musa (Moses) came at the time and place appointed by Us, and his Lord spoke to him, he said: "O my Lord! Show me (Yourself), that I may look upon You." Allah said: "You cannot see Me, but look upon the mountain if it stands still in its place then you shall see Me." So when his Lord appeared to the mountain[], He made it collapse to dust, and Musa (Moses) fell down unconscious. Then when he recovered his senses he said: "Glory be to You, I turn to You in repentance and I am the first of the believers." (Al-A'raf 7:143)

It is not possible for us to see Allah (swt) in dunya.
The reason Musa wanted to see Allah (swt) is because of yaqeen.
Because there is a knowledge called "ainul yaqeen".
It means a knowledge gained by observation (seeing)
He did not doubt Allah (swt).
But he wanted the best knowledge "ainul yaqeen" regarding Allah (swt).
So Allah (swt) said you cannot see Him in dunya.
You can only see Allah (swt) in akhira.


Some faces that Day shall be Nadirah (shining and radiant). (Al-Qiyamah 75:22)
Looking at their Lord (Allah); (Al-Qiyamah 75:23)

There they will have all that they desire, and We have more (for them, i.e. a glance at the All-Mighty, All-Majestic). (Qaf 50:35)

Narrated By Abu Huraira: The people said, "O Allah (swt)'s Apostle! Shall we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?" He replied, "Do you have any doubt in seeing the full moon on a clear (not cloudy) night?" They replied, "No, O Allah (swt)'s Apostle!" He said, "Do you have any doubt in seeing the sun when there are no clouds?" They replied in the negative. He said, “You will see Allah (swt) (your Lord) in the same way. [al-Bukhari (770) and Muslim (352)]

So no Muslim should doubt that you will see Allah (swt) in the akhira.
The believers will see Allah (swt) in the hereafter.
Allah (swt) will expose Himself to the believers in paradise.

That is called mazeed which means something extra.