Tuesday, October 14, 2014

(NOTES & AUDIO) Tafsir Surah Al ' Araf - Part 14 - The Jews Worshipped The Golden Calf


Tafsir Surah Al ' Araf - Part 14 - The Jews Worshipped The Golden Calf  
By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
Monday 13th October 2014


 

Download: https://archive.org/details/TafsirSurahAlArafPart14TheJewsWorshippedTheGoldenCalf


NOTES TYPED LIVE BY AT19
EDITED AND FORMATTED BY AT38

AYAH 143

And when Musa (Moses) came at the time and place appointed by Us, and his Lord spoke to him, he said: "O my Lord! Show me (Yourself), that I may look upon You." Allah said: "You cannot see Me, but look upon the mountain if it stands still in its place then you shall see Me." So when his Lord appeared to the mountain[], He made it collapse to dust, and Musa (Moses) fell down unconscious. Then when he recovered his senses he said: "Glory be to You, I turn to You in repentance and I am the first of the believers." (Al-A'raf 7:143)

Why did Musa (as) turn to Allah (swt) in repentance?
Answer: Musa (as) made tawbah because he asked Allah (swt) something which was not humanly possible.
He wanted to see Allah (swt)
You will see Allah (swt) in the akhira but not in the dunya

In the Ayah Allah (swt) said "and his Lord spoke to him"
Therefore no Muslim is allowed to doubt that Allah (swt) spoke to Musa (as)
And that Musa heard Him
Those who disbelieve this are the Mu’rtazilah and the Jahmia
A man lost his life for denying Allah (swt) spoke to Musa during the Omayyad dynasty

'Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habeeb Ibn Abee Habeeb on the authority of his father, on the authority of his grandfather [who] said: I witnessed Khaalid Ibn 'Abdullah Al-Qasree - and he addressed them at Waasit - "Oh People, make sacrifice, may Allah (swt) accept it from you. Verily I am sacrificing Al-Ja'd Ibn Dirham, for indeed he claims that Allah (swt) did not take Ibrahim as a khaleel (close friend), and [that] He did not speak to Moosa. Most Perfect is He and exalted is He from what Al-Ja'd says." Then he descended and slaughtered him. I say: And the Jahmiyyah and Mu'tazilah speak with this, and they distort the text of the revelation regarding that, and they claim that the Lord is purified of that (i.e. having spoken to Moses and taken Ibrahim as a khalil). [Mukhtasar al-Uluww of adh-Dhahabi, (p.134)]

Jad ibn Dirham denied something which was inside the Quran so he was killed
Reza Aslan was a shia, converted to Christianity and returned to Islam
But he said Jesus (as) was crucified and the Quran had it wrong

If it is your attitude to deny something of Islam in the Islamic State, this rule applies to you
However, if you live outside of the Islamic State, this rule CAN NOT be implemented


AYAH 144

(Allah) said: "O Musa (Moses) I have chosen you above men by My Messages, and by My speaking (to you). So hold that which I have given you and be of the grateful." (Al-A'raf 7:144)

Allah (swt) said here by Him speaking to Musa, He preferred him to other men
Allah (swt) prefers some Prophets over others

Those Messengers! We preferred some to others; to some of them Allah (swt) spoke (directly); others He raised to degrees (of honour);….. (Al-Baqarah 2:253)

Muhammad (saw) was also spoken to directly by Allah (swt) on the night of Isra wal Miraj
When Allah (swt) spoke to Muhammad (saw) there was a veil between them
The veil of Allah (swt) is light
Allah (swt) told Muhammad (saw) to pray 50 times per day
But reduced it to 5 afterwards

Because Musa fell down unconscious when Allah (swt) revealed Himself
To the mountain and he saw the mountain turned to dust
On the day of resurrection, everyone will be resurrected unconscious except him

Narrated Abu Said: The Prophet said, 'People will be struck unconscious on the Day of Resurrection and I will be the first to regain consciousness, and behold! There I will see Moses holding one of the pillars of Allah (swt)'s Throne. I will wonder whether he has become conscious before me of he has been exempted, because of his unconsciousness at the Tur (mountain) which he received (on the earth)." [Sahih Bukhari (4/153) No. 3398]

My scholars said Musa will be exempted from being unconscious on judgement day
Because he fell down unconscious when he asked to see Allah (swt)

A Jew whose face had been slapped (by someone), came to the Prophet () and said, "O Muhammad! A man from your Ansari companions slapped me. " The Prophet () said, "Call him". They called him and the Prophet () asked him, "Why did you slap his face?"
He said, "O Allah (swt)'s Messenger ()! While I was passing by the Jews, I heard him saying, 'By Him Who chose Moses above all the human beings.' I said (protestingly), 'Even above Muhammad?' So I became furious and slapped him." The Prophet () said, "Do not give me preference to other prophets, for the people will become unconscious on the Day of Resurrection and I will be the first to gain conscious, and behold, I will Find Moses holding one of the pillars of the Throne (of Allah (swt). Then I will not know whether he has become conscious before me or he has been exempted because of his unconsciousness at the mountain (during his worldly life) which he received.” Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 9, Book 83, Hadith 52

How do you reconcile the above hadith with the following hadith?

Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “I am the most noble of Adam’s descendants on the Day of Resurrection. I am the first whose grave shall be opened. I am the first to offer intercession. I am the first whose intercession shall be accepted.” [Sahih Muslim (4/1782) No. 2278]

When the Prophet said "don’t make distinction between the Prophets" he means on the grounds of racism, tribalism, or nationalism
A general distinction is accepted because Muhammad (saw) will be the most noble of Prophets on Judgement day

It was reported that the Prophet (SAW) became angry when he saw that ‘Umar had a page with something from the Torah written on it, and he (SAW) said: “Are you in doubt, O son of al-Khattab? Have I not brought you something shining and pure? If my brother Musa were alive, he would have no choice but to follow me.” [Musnad Ahmad (3/387) No. 15195 and Sunan al-Darime (1/126) No. 435]

When the Prophet went to Isra wal Miraj he led them in prayer
He led the other Prophets in prayer
Because he is the most noble Prophet
On this journey, when Musa met Muhammad he cried

… Then we travelled on till we reached the sixth heaven and came to Moses (peace be upon him) and I greeted him and he said: Welcome unto righteous brother and righteous prophet. And when I passed (by him) he wept, and a voice was heard saying: What makes thee weep? He said: My Lord, he is a young man whom Thou hast sent after me (as a prophet) and his followers will enter Paradise in greater numbers than my followers.  [Sahih Muslim, Book 1, Hadith 314]


Bani Israel claimed that Musa was the best Prophet, but here is someone much better
The Prophet said half of the people of paradise will be of his Ummah

… He said, “By Him in Whose Hand Muhammad’s soul is, I hope that you will be one-half of the people of Paradise.” [Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 8, Book 78, Hadith 637]

Allah (swt) said the best Ummah is the Ummah of Muhammad

You [true believers in Islamic Monotheism, and real followers of Prophet Muhammad SAW and his Sunnah (legal ways, etc.)] are the best of peoples ever raised up for mankind; you enjoin Al-Ma'ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam has ordained) and forbid Al-Munkar (polytheism, disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden), and you believe in Allah (Aali Imran 3:110)

The best generation is my generation... [hadith]

Narrated By 'Abdullah : The Prophet said, "The best people are those of my generation, and then those who will come after them (the next generation), and then those who will come after them (i.e. the next generation), and then after them, there will come people whose witness will precede their oaths, and whose oaths will precede their witness." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 8, Book 76, Hadith #437]

According to Ibn Kathir the best prophet was Muhammad, then Ibrahim and then Musa
Allah (swt) knows best who the 4th and 5th are

AYAH 145

And We wrote for him on the Tablets the lesson to be drawn from all things and the explanation of all things (and said) : Hold unto these with firmness, and enjoin your people to take the better therein. I shall show you the home of Al-Fasiqun (the rebellious, disobedient to Allah). (Al-A'raf 7:145)

The word Tablets in the above mentioned ayah means the verses of the Torah
When Allah (swt) said "enjoin your people to take the better therein."
Means you should fear Allah (swt) to the best of your ability
“I shall show you the home of the Fasiqun” means
I shall show you the punishment
“That I will unleash against the wayward “
This means I shall show you the power of my retribution
Those who taste my retribution, their home is the hell fire

AYAH 146

I shall turn away from My Ayat (verses of the Qur'an) those who behave arrogantly on the earth, without a right, and (even) if they see all the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), they will not believe in them. And if they see the way of righteousness (monotheism, piety, and good deeds), they will not adopt it as the Way, but if they see the way of error (polytheism, crimes and evil deeds), they will adopt that way, that is because they have rejected Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and were heedless (to learn a lesson) from them. (Al-A'raf 7:146)

The above ayah means Allah (swt) will never guides those who are arrogant
Because Allah (swt) told us He dislikes the arrogant

"And turn not your face away from men with pride, nor walk in insolence through the earth. Verily, Allah (swt) likes not each arrogant boaster. (Luqman 31:18)

Because Allah (swt) doesn't like the arrogant,
He did not guide Nimrod, the Pharaoh, Abu Lahab and Abu Jahl
The above ayah also means those who reject faith rush towards evil deeds and are slow toward pious deeds

AYAH 147

Those who deny Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and the Meeting in the Hereafter (Day of Resurrection,), vain are their deeds. Do they expect to be rewarded with anything except what they used to do? (Al-A'raf 7:147)

The above ayah means Allah (swt) will only accept the good deeds of the pious
And this is why Able said to his brother Caine
Verily Allah (swt) will only accept the good deeds of the pious

"Verily, Allah (swt) accepts only from those who are Al-Muttaqun (the pious - see V.2:2)." (Al-Ma'idah 5:27)

It is worthy of mentioning that Allah (swt) will never turn a person away from guidance until they first turn away


So when they turned away (from the Path of Allah (swt)), Allah (swt) turned their hearts away (from the Right Path). And Allah (swt) guides not the people who are Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah (swt)). (As-Saff 61:5)

Ayah 147 also means the pious deeds of the kufaar are in vain
Even the Prophet Muhammad was warned by Allah (swt) that if you commit shirk,
your deeds are nullified

And indeed it has been revealed to you (O Muhammad SAW), as it was to those (Allah (swt)'s Messengers) before you: "If you join others in worship with Allah (swt), (then) surely (all) your deeds will be in vain, and you will certainly be among the losers." (Az-Zumar 39:65)

The other evidence to prove that the kuffar have no reward for their pious deeds is:

As for those who disbelieve, their deeds are like a mirage in a desert. The thirsty one thinks it to be water, until he comes up to it, he finds it to be nothing, but he finds Allah (swt) with him, Who will pay him his due (Hell). And Allah (swt) is Swift in taking account. (An-Nur 24:39)

AYAH 148

And the people of Musa (Moses) made in his absence, out of their ornaments, the image of a calf (for worship). It had a sound (as if it was mooing). Did they not see that it could neither speak to them nor guide them to the way? They took it for worship and they were Zalimun (wrong-doers). (Al-A'raf 7:148)

As-samiri made the calf
He used the dust of the traces of the horse of Angel Jabril (as)
Because he used this dust from Angel Jabril, it appeared as if the cow was moo'ing
They did this when Musa went to meet his Lord for 40 days
Allah (swt) told Musa that his people have gone astray behind his back

(Allah (swt)) said: "Verily! We have tried your people in your absence, and As-Samiri has led them astray." (Ta-Ha 20:85)

As-Samiri built the golden calf from jewelry of the Coptics
Knowing they were not coming back to Egypt
Allah (swt) answered them "can’t you see the calf you are worshipping cannot speak?"

Did they not see that it could not return them a word (for answer), and that it had no power either to harm them or to do them good? (Ta-Ha 20:89)

Use this ayah against every idol worshipper
The Jews were influenced by the pagans of Canaan who worshipped the cow
When you are easily influenced, you should not live in dar harb
Many Muslims in the US and UK have become homosexuals
Because they are easily influenced
The Jews just passed by Canaan and were easily influenced
Allah (swt) has made takfir on homosexuals in the Quran -

So We brought out from therein the believers. (Adh-Dhariyat 51:35)
But We found not there any household of the Muslims except one [i.e. Lout (Lot) and his two daughters]. (Adh-Dhariyat 51:36)

The word "there" in the above ayah is Sodom and Gomorrah
Can you veto the ayah above? NO
Don't veto Allah (swt)

AYAH 149

And when they regretted and saw that they had gone astray, they (repented and) said: "If our Lord have not mercy upon us and forgive us, we shall certainly be of the losers." (Al-A'raf 7:149)

Allah (swt) spoke about what they did in the ayah below

And (remember) when We appointed for Musa (Moses) forty nights, and (in his absence) you took the calf (for worship), and you were Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.). (Al-Baqarah 2:51)

Then after that We forgave you so that you might be grateful. (Al-Baqarah 2:52)

It proves Jews are very hard hearted
Allah (swt) split the sea and rescued them from the Pharaoh
Yet they worshipped the golden calf
How can you see such a miracle yet you worship a calf?
Those who did not worship the calf had to kill those who worshipped the calf
The punishment for apostasy is death
Regardless of whose shariah it is; be it Musa (as) or Muhammad (saw)

And (remember) when Musa (Moses) said to his people: "O my people! Verily, you have wronged yourselves by worshipping the calf. So turn in repentance to your Creator and kill yourselves (the innocent kill the wrongdoers among you), that will be better for you with your Lord." Then He accepted your repentance. Truly, He is the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful. (Al-Baqarah 2:54)

Once you apostate and worship something other than Allah (swt), your head has to go

On the authority of Ibn Abbas (RA) narrated the Messenger of Allah (swt) (SAW) said: "If somebody (a Muslim) discards his religion, kill him." [Sahih Bukhari (4/61) No. 3017, Musnad Ahmad (1/322) No. 2968, Sunan al-Nasa'i (7/104) No. 4059, Sunan Ibn Majah (3/574) No. 2535, Sunan Abu Dawud (4/126) No. 4351, Sunan Tirmidhi (4/59) No. 1458]

Narrated By 'Abdullah: Allah (swt)'s Apostle said, "The blood of a Muslim who confesses that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah (swt) and that I am the Messenger of Allah (swt), cannot be shed except in three cases: In Qisas for murder, a married person who commits illegal sexual intercourse and the one who reverts from Islam (apostate) and separates from the main body of the Muslims." [al-Bukhari (6878) and Muslim (1676)]

Ibn Qudamah (rh) said: "All the scholars of Islam are agreed that the apostate is to be killed." [al-Mughni (9/3)]

Democracy is not compatible with Islam because according to its rules a person can leave Islam and become a Christian, a Hindu, or Sikh etc
That's why you cannot believe in democracy
A munafiq will say I don't believe in hadith
Where in the Quran it says you're allowed to kill an apostate?
Do you know the ayah?

But if they turn back (from Islam), take (hold) of them and kill them wherever you find them, and take neither Auliya' (protectors or friends) nor helpers from them. (An-Nisa 4:89)


If they turn back from Islam that is called treason against Allah (swt)