Tuesday, October 28, 2014

(NOTES & AUDIO) Tafsir Surah Al ‘Araf - Part 19 - The Wicked Scholars Are Like Dogs

Tafsir Surah Al ‘Araf - Part 19 - The Wicked Scholars Are Like Dogs
By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
25th October 2014




Thus do We explain the Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail, so that they may turn (unto the truth). (Al-A'raf 7:174)

At times Allah (swt) explains His verses in details so man can turn to the truth
For some men, all you have to do is explain Allah's verses in detail
For other men, Allah (swt) has to punish them
For example, they eat monkey so Allah (swt) punishes them with Ebola
Also mad cow and foot and mouth disease

Sahih International: Corruption has appeared throughout the land and sea by [reason of] what the hands of people have earned so He may let them taste part of [the consequence of] what they have done that perhaps they will return [to righteousness]. (30:41)

All of the above are examples of Allah's punishment
All these are the corruptions because of the evil handiwork of man

AYAH 175

And recite (O Muhammad SAW) to them the story of him to whom We gave Our Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), but he threw them away, so Shaitān (Satan) followed him up, and he became of those who went astray. (Al-A'raf 7:175)

What is the meaning of the word ‘him’ in the above Ayah?
Ibn Kathir said this person is Balam bin Baura
He was from Canaan

Abdur-Razzaq recorded that Abdullah bin Masud said that Allah’s statement, “And recite to them the story of him to whom We gave Our Ayat, but he threw them away” “Is about Balam bin Baura’ a man from the Children of Israel.” (Abdur Razzaq 2:443) Shubah and several other narrators narrated this statement from Mansur who got it from Ibn Masud.  Said bin Abi Arubah narrated that Qatadah said that Ibn Abbas said, “He is Sayfi, son of Ar-Rahib.” Qatadah commented that Kab said, “He was a man from Al-Balqla’ (a province of Jordan) who knew Allah’s Greatest Name. He used to live in Bayt Al-Maqdis with the tyrants.” Al-Awfi reported that Ibn Abbas said, “He is Balam bin Baura’, a man from Yemen whom Allah had given the knowledge of His Ayat, but he abandoned them.” (At-Tabari 13:261)
Malik bin Dinar said, “He was one of the scholars of the Children of Israel whose supplication was acceptable. They used to seek his lead in suplication in times of difficulty. Allah’s Prophet Musa sent him to the King of Madyan to call him to Allah. That king appeased him and gave him land and gifts, and he reverted from the religion of Musa and followed the king’s religion.” Imran bin Uyaynah narrated that Husayn said that Imran bin Al-Harith said that Ibn Abbas said, “He is Balam son of Baura’.” (At-Tabari 13:253) Similar was said by Mujahid and Ikrimah. Therefore, it is well-known that this honorable Ayah was revealed about a man from the Children of Israel in ancient times, according to Ibn Masud and several others among the Salaf.  Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn Abbas said, “He is a man from the city of the tyrants (Jerusalem) whose name was Balam and who knew Allah’s Greatest Name.”  Ali bin Abi Talhah also reported that Ibn Abbas that he said, “When Musa and those with him went to the city of the tyrants (Jerusalem), the cousins of Balam and his people came to him and said, Musa is a strong man, and he has many soldiers. If he gains the upper hand over us, we will be destroyed. Therefore, supplicate to Allah that He prevents Musa and those with him from prevailing over us.’ Balam said, ‘If I supplicate to Allah that He turns back Musa and those with him, I will lose in this life and the Hereafter.’ They kept luring him until he supplicated against Musa and his people, and Allah took away what he bestowed on him (of knowledge). Hence Allah’s statement, “but he threw them away; so Shaytan followed him up.” Allah said next, “And had We willed, We would surely have elevated him therewith but he clung to the earth and followed his own vain desires.” Allah said, “And had We willed, We would surely have elevated him therewith” from the filth of this earthly life through the Ayat that We gave him knowledge of, “but he clung to the earth”, he became interested in the adornment of this life and its delights. He indulged in the lusts of life and its joys and was deceived by it, just as life deceived others like him, without sound comprehension or a good mind. Muhammad bin Ishaq bin Yasar narrated from Salim, from Abu An-Nadr that when Musa entered the land of Bani Canaan in the area of Ash-Sham (Greater Syria), the people of Balam came to him, saying, “This is Musa, son of Imran with the Children of Israel. He wants to drive us out from our land, kill us and replace us with the Children of Israel. We are your people and have no other dwelling area. You are a person whose supplication is acceptable (to Allah), so go out and supplicate to Allah against them.” He said, “Woe to you! Here is Allah’s Prophet (Musa) with whom the angels and believers are! How can I supplicate against them when I know from Allah what I know” They said, “We have no other dwelling area.” So they kept luring and begging him until he was tempted by the trial and went on his donkey towards Mount Husban, which was behind the Israelite military barracks. When he proceeded on the Mount for a while, the donkey sat down and refused to proceed. He got off the donkey and struck it until it stood up again and he rode it. The donkey did the same after a little while, and he struck it again until it stood up… So he proceeded and tried to supplicate against Musa and his people. However, Allah made his tongue mention his people with evil and the Children of Israel with good instead of his people, who protested, “O Balam! What are you doing You are supplicating for them and against us!” He said, “It is against my will. This is a matter that Allah has decided.” He then said to them, as his tongue was made to loll out of his mouth, “Now I have lost this life and the Hereafter.” This Ayah was revealed about t he st ory of Balam son of Baura “And recite to them the story of him to whom We gave Our Ayat, but he threw them away.”, until, “perhaps they may reflect.” Allah said next, “So his parable is the parable of a dog: if you drive him away, he pants, or if you leave him alone, he (still) pants.” (At-Tabari 13:260) 

AYAH 176

And had We willed, We would surely have elevated him therewith but he clung to the earth and followed his own vain desire. So his description is the description of a dog: if you drive him away, he lolls his tongue out, or if you leave him alone, he (still) lolls his tongue out. Such is the description of the people who reject Our Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). So relate the stories, perhaps they may reflect. (Al-A'raf 7:176)

There are lessons to be learned from the above Ayah
This man was a scholar yet he apostatised from Islam

Lesson 1: It is possible for a scholar to apostate
For example, some scholars support Bashar Al Assad
Many of you think scholars cannot make mistakes
Some scholars also support the KSA
Shias, Sufis and Saudi Salafis worship their scholars
The fatwa of Bin Baaz to allow the US army in the land gave way
To the drone strike that killed Anwar Awlaki (rh)

SATANIC FATWA OF BIN BAAZ: http://millatibraheem.wordpress.com/2008/10/09/satanic-fatwa-of-bin-baz-and-some-remarks/

Lesson 2: People can put pressure on a scholar to become corrupt
Because the people kept promising him gifts in return for destroying Musa (as)
He gave in and prayed against Prophet Musa (as)

Lesson 3: When you are extreme in your love of the dunya, you may leave Islam
Balam loved the dunya
The people continued to taunt him until he gave in
If you approach a Muslim woman and ask her to lie against a shaikh
And say that the Shaikh did something inappropriate, say committed zina with her
She may refuse until the price is right
We say every hypocrite has a price
Not every man has a price

Lesson 4: When you are poor you are vulnerable

Balam road a donkey, he was poor and he sold out
If a person is hungry and you approach him to spy against muslims
He may accept because he is hungry
His poverty makes him vulnerable
The root of evil is not money but the lack of money
People do anything for money
This great scholar sold out

Anas Ibn Malik narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Poverty, in all probability, leads to unbelief (kufr)...” [al-Bayhaqi narrated in 'Shu’ab al-Eemaan' (9/12) No. 6188 and Abu Na'eem narrated in 'Hileeyat al-Awwleeyah' (3/109)]

Lesson 5: Every Prophet had enemies
Sometimes the enemy is a scholar

And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies - Shayātin (devils) among mankind and jinns, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion (or by way of deception). If your Lord had so willed, they would not have done it, so leave them alone with their fabrications. (Tafseer Qurtubi, Vol.7, Page 67) (Al-An'am 6:112)

Lesson 6: The shaitan uses scholars to oppose the haqq

Abu Dhar said, "I was with the Prophet (SAW) one day and I heard him saying: "There is something I fear for my Ummah than the Dajjal." It was then that I became afraid, so I said: "Oh Rasool Allah! Which thing is that?" He (SAW) said; "Misguided and astray scholars." [Musnad Ahmad (5/145) No. 21334 and 21335]

Balam was a great scholar
Musa (as) came to the town (Canaan)
And the people used a scholar to fight against him
Whenever he prayed to Allah (swt), Allah always answered his dua
This is why the people asked him to pray against the Prophet
He refused, and they kept on bribing him until he gave in
Allah (swt) could have given him better things
But he clung to the earth and behaved like a dog

Lesson 7: Some people behave like dogs
Allah (swt) said this man is like the dog
If you feed a dog, he lulls his tongue out
And if you don’t feed him, he still lulls his tongue out
An example of a person who is like a dog is Hamza Yusuf
Hamza Yusuf said we don't need a Khilafah
How can you listen to someone like that?!

Hamza Yusuf - Islamic State and Shariah Law are fantasies - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dUe5OsGbhM0

It is haram for us to live without Khilafah for more than 3 days
For 90 years we lived without it

Since 90% of the Muslim have already apostatised,
If they can find a shaikh like Hamza Yusuf who says this
They will hang on to him because they gravitate towards shaikhs like this
They don’t want to sacrifice their wealth and lives for the sake of sharia

History repeats itself
When Musa (as) arrived in Canaan
A great scholar apostatized and joined with the pagans
They ganged up against Musa (as)
Today, everyone is ganging up against the Caliph
Many scholars are enemies of the haqq just like Balaam Ibn Baura
If the shaitan wants to cause many to go astray,
He will use scholars like Bilal Philips and Hamza Yusuf
Bilal Philips went on Facebook and badmouthed the caliph
Today the shaitan is using them on social media to condemn the Caliphate
The shaitan will never use a layman to condemn the Caliphate

Most stray sects were started by a scholar
For example, the Murtazilite sect was founded by Waasil ibn Ataa

The shia movement was started by a scholar - Abdullah Ibn Saba
He was a Jew who took his shahada and became a Muslim scholar
With the intention to mislead people
He was pretending to be a muslim

The Jahmia movement was started by Ja’d ibn Dirham

The Qadiyyani movement was started by Mirza Ghulam Ahmed
The British paid him to preach kufr
His state is similar to that of Balaam Ibn Baura

The extreme Sufi movement was started by a scholar also
He is Ibn Arabi and he introduced the concept of wahdatul wujood
Which means union
They believe they can become one with Allah (swt) by making dhikr

Allah (swt) uses two animals to describe the wicked scholars: donkeys and dogs
Allah (swt) told us about Ibn Baura because
We have many scholars like him today
They are ganging up against the caliphate  
When it is haram to live without a caliph for more than 3 days

It is worthy of mentioning that whenever a scholar misleads people
And he wants to make tawbah
He needs to make tawbah publicly
The evidence is:

Verily, those who conceal the clear proofs, evidences and the guidance, which We have sent down, after We have made it clear for the people in the Book, they are the ones cursed by Allah and cursed by the cursers. (Al-Baqarah 2:159)

Except those who repent and do righteous deeds, and openly declare (the truth which they concealed). These, I will accept their repentance. And I am the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful. (Al-Baqarah 2:160)

Whenever a person says "what if that scholar made tauba..."
Remember he has to do it in publicly
Because when the scholars makes a mistake
He misleads the masses
So his taubah should be public so that people can rectify their ways

AYAH 177

Evil is the likeness of the people who reject Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses and signs, etc.), and used to wrong their ownselves. (Al-A'raf 7:177)

The lesson you learned is that animal behaviors can be found in people
85% of dog genes can be found in humans
According to the following article describing the AKC Canine Health Foundation and Ralston Purina Co. Fund Collaborative Gene Map Project, "the homology between the human and canine genome is over 85 percent.":

The dog is 85% identical to a human in terms of genetic sequence - http://www.i-sis.org.uk/HumangenTWN-pr.php

The likeness of those who were entrusted with the (obligation of the) Taurat (Torah) (i.e. to obey its commandments and to practise its legal laws), but who subsequently failed in those (obligations), is as the likeness of a donkey who carries huge burdens of books (but understands nothing from them). How bad is the example (or the likeness) of people who deny the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah. And Allah guides not the people who are Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers, disbelievers, etc.). (Al-Jumu'ah 62:5)

Sometimes people behave like animals
In this world today a person who sleeps around is called a dog
Sleeps around means that he/she commits zina with just any woman/man
Some kuffaar think it is an honor to be called a dog

A person who wants to become your friend because
He wants your money or your wife is called a snake

A person who likes to lend you money and charge you interest is called a loan shark

A person who is a low life scum of the earth is called a rat
He has no honor

A person who is very cunning is called a fox (sly fox)

A person who is harmless is called a lamb
Because a lamb is the only animal on earth who has no defense mechanism
A person who is swift on his two feet is called a horse because of his speed

Abu Huraira (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “Faith came from Yemen while disbelief came from the direction of east. The shepherds possess tranquility and humility while the keepers of camels and horses are arrogant and ostentatious. When the dajjal will reach the Uhud mountain, on its other side, the angels will turn him about towards the direction of Syria. And, there he will perish.’ [Tirmidhi 2250, Bukhari 3499, Muslim 52]

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Messenger said, "The main source of disbelief is in the east. Pride and arrogance are characteristics of the owners of horses and camels, and those bedouins who are busy with their camels and pay no attention to Religion; while modesty and gentleness are the characteristics of the owners of sheep." Sahih al-Bukhari 3301 Book 59, Hadith 109

Whenever a person is brave he is called a lion
Whenever a person is a coward he is called a worm
Even a snake has a backbone
A worm has no backbone
A snake will bite you and kill you - you can't tame a snake

All of these are animal behaviors in people

The Islamic Rules and Regulations On Dogs:

Abu Mas'ud al-Badri (RA) said: “The Messenger of Allah (SAW) prohibited the price of a dog, the earning of an prostitute, and the money given to a soothsayer.” [al-Bukhari (2237) and Muslim (1567)]

Narrated By Abu Huraira: the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "“Whoever keeps a dog, a qiraat (a unit of measurement) from his good deeds will be deducted every day, except a dog for farming or herding livestock.” [Sahih Bukhari (4/130) No. 3324]

Abu Talhah (RA) said: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “The angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a portrait.” [al-Bukhari (3225) and Muslim (2106)]

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "If a dog licks the vessel of any one of you, let him wash it seven times, the first time with dust." [Sahih Muslim (1/234) No. 279, Sunan al-Nasa'i (1/177) No. 338, Musnad Ahmad (2/427) No. 9507]

According to Islamic Shari’ah, it is not permitted to keep a dog
Except within narrowly-defined limits, as the Prophet (saw) explained:

"Whoever keeps a dog, his good deeds will decrease every day by one qeeraat (a unit of measurement), unless it is a dog for farming or herding." According to another report:
". . . unless it is a dog for herding sheep, farming or hunting." (Reported by al-Bukhaari, al-Fath, 2322)

Dogs are extremely naajis (impure, unclean). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "If a dog drinks from the vessel of any one of you, let him wash it seven times" (reported by Muslim, no. 279). According to another report: ". . . and clean it the eighth time with earth." (Saheeh Muslim, no. 280).

It is forbidden in Islaam to sell a dog and to receive payment for it, as is reported in Saheeh al-Bukhaari from Abu Mas’oud al-Ansaari: the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade (accepting) the price of a dog. (al-Fath, no. 2237)

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told us not to resemble dogs by placing our forearms on the ground during sujood (prostration), as in reported in the hadeeth narrated by Anas ibn Maalik, according to which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "Do sujood properly; none of you should spread his forearms like a dog does." (al-Bukhaari, Fath, no. 822).

Whoever keeps a dog in his house is denied the blessing of the angels’ presence in his house, as the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "The angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog." (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 3225).

AYAH 178

Whomsoever Allah guides, he is the guided one, and whomsoever He sends astray, those! They are the losers. (Al-A'raf 7:178)

It is worthy of mentioning that Allah (swt) doesn't send anyone astray
Unless he rejects the haqq after he was given the message
Due to pride and arrogance
Hence Allah said:

So when they turned away (from the Path of Allah), Allah turned their hearts away (from the Right Path). And Allah guides not the people who are Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah). (As-Saff 61:5)

Allah (swt) will never mislead a person until he rejects the haqq
The above ayah is clear evidence of this
It is worthy of mentioning that only Allah (swt) can guide
The Prophet (saw) could not guide his uncle to Islam

Verily! You (O Muhammad SAW) guide not whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He knows best those who are the guided. (Al-Qasas 28:56)

The Prophet (saw) liked his uncle because he was a sympathiser to Islam

AYAH 179

And surely, We have created many of the jinns and mankind for Hell. They have hearts wherewith they understand not, they have eyes wherewith they see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not (the truth). They are like cattle, nay even more astray; those! They are the heedless ones. (Al-A'raf 7:179)

The above mentioned Ayah means that
We will have believers and disbelievers among men and jinn
The evidence is 72:11

'There are among us some that are righteous, and some the contrary; we are groups each having a different way (religious sect, etc.). (Al-Jinn 72:11)

The statement in the above ayah was said by the Jinns
The same way you have different religions among humans,
So it is with the Jinns too
Some are Muslims, Christians, Jews, Agnostics, Buddhists

They are deaf, dumb, and blind, so they return not (to the Right Path). (Al-Baqarah 2:18)

For some people, whether you warn them or not, they will not believe
Allah (swt) is telling you in the above Ayah that
The real blind man is not blind in his eyes but in his heart
Abdullah ibn Umm Maktoom was blind in his eyes - not his heart
He took shahada and died a shahid
If you are blind in your eyes, you have hope.
If you are blind in your heart,
You have lost it both in this world and in the hereafter

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said to his men: "Which man of you can lead us to where the people (i.e. the idolaters) are, along a short track that does not pass by them?" Abu Khaithama said: "O Messenger of Allah (SAW), I am the man you need." Then he chose a short track that led to Uhud passing by Harrah Bani Harithah and their farms, leaving the idolaters' army westwards. On their way they passed by Ha'it (i.e. the field) of Marba' bin Qaizi, who was a blind hypocrite. When Marba' felt and realized that they were the Prophetic army, he started throwing earth at their faces, so they rushed to kill him, but the Prophet (SAW) said: "Do not kill him. He is blind in heart and eyes."[Seerah Ibn Hisham (2/65)]

Or do you think that most of them hear or understand? They are only like cattle; nay, they are even farther astray from the Path. (i.e. even worse than cattle). (Al-Furqan 25:44)

Likewise there are two types of death:
The person who is spiritually dead and the person who is clinically dead
When Jesus (as) said ‘let the dead bury their dead‘
He meant the kafir who is alive but spiritually dead
Should bury the kafir who is clinically dead
This person is dead because he doesn't believe in Allah (swt) properly

But Jesus said unto him, Follow me; and let the dead bury their dead. (Matthew 8:22) King James Version