Friday, November 14, 2014

(Notes & Audio) The 4 Pillars Of Qadr

The 4 Pillars Of Qadr 
By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
Wednesday 12th November 2014



This is one of the six pillars of Imaan (Faith)
The angel Gabriel (as) came to the Prophet Muhammad (saw) and asked him 5 questions

He asked “O Muhammad, what is faith”? He said, “It is to believe in Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers (peace be upon them all), in the Last Day and in Predestination of good and evil.” [Bukhari 47, Muslim 4, Tirmidhi 2619, Abu Dawud 4695, Nisai 5005, Ibn Majah 63, Ahmed 184]


Qadr is Allah's (swt) secret knowledge of the future
And His documentation of that knowledge
And everything will happen according to how Allah (swt) documented the knowledge
We say Allah's secret knowledge because knowledge of the future belongs to Him ALONE
Not even the Prophet (saw) had knowledge of the future
Allah gave him some knowledge only
In order to convince us that he was a real Prophet

Say (O Muhammad SAW) : "I possess no power of benefit or hurt to myself except as Allah wills. If I had the knowledge of the Ghaib (unseen), I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me. I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings unto people who believe." (Al-A'raf 7:188)

To prove to you that only Allah knows the ghaib:

Verily, Allah! With Him (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs. No person knows what he will earn tomorrow, and no person knows in what land he will die. Verily, Allah is All­Knower, All­Aware (of things). (Luqman 31:34)


Everything has pillars, prerequisites and orders

Islam has 5 pillars:
  • Shahadah
  • Salah
  • Zakat
  • Sawm
  • Hajj

Imaan has 6 Pillars:
  • To believe in Allah (swt)
  • His Angels
  • His Book
  • His Messengers
  • Judgement Day
  • Destiny

Qadr has 4 Pillars:
1. Ilm - Allah's perfect knowledge of what is to come
2. Kitaba - Allah's documentation of that perfect knowledge
3. Mashee'a - Allah willed the thing to happen
4. Khalq - Allah creates the action

The ummah is divided up into three categories where Qadr is concerned
Two extremes and the middle path


They believe that we cannot escape Qadr
Man cannot escape his Qadr
Ex: you cannot punish me for cheating on my wife because it was Qadr
The kuffaar of Quraish had this ideology
They said they worshipped idols because it was predestined for them to do so

Those who took partners (in worship) with Allah will say: "If Allah had willed, we would not have taken partners (in worship) with Him, nor would our fathers, and we would not have forbidden anything (against His Will)." Likewise belied those who were before them, (they argued falsely with Allah's Messengers), till they tasted of Our Wrath. Say: "Have you any knowledge (proof) that you can produce before us? Verily, you follow nothing but guess and you do nothing but lie." (Al-An'am 6:148)

It is reported that a man stole, he said to Umar: "I stole because this was the Qada’ of Allah (Divine Will of Allah)." Umar said to him: "I am going to chop off your hand because it was the Qada’ of Allah (Divine Will of Allah)." [Ibn Taymiyyah in ‘Minhaj as-Sunnah an-Nabawiyyah’ (3/234)

These people misunderstand Qadr because no one defined it for them
The Jabriyyah say there is no need to beg Allah for anything
No need for dua because everything is predestined
We say to them, everything is already predestined
And the dua which you make is a part of Qadr
At the battle of Badr the Prophet (saw) raised his hands and begged Allah for victory
Are you suggesting that the Prophet wasted his time?
Allah answered his dua and sent 1000 angels to fight alongside him (saw) during this battle

Allah encourages us to make dua as well:

And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright. (Al-Baqarah 2:186)

The Jabriyyah will ask:
Why do people make dua and sometimes not get what they asked for?
There are many reasons why your dua is not accepted

1: Maybe you have a bad idea about Allah (swt)
2: You have no sabr
3: Maybe you asked for something haram
4: Maybe you ate haram food
5: Maybe your drink is haram (alcohol) or you do drugs
6: Maybe your clothing is haram
7: Maybe your aqeeda is haram
8: Maybe you are a fake Muslim
9: Maybe you are not hygienic
10: Maybe you refuse to be of help to others

On the authority of Abu Hurairah, who said : the messenger of Allah said : "Allah the Almighty is good and accepts only that which is good. Allah has commanded the faithful to do that which he commanded the messengers, and the Almighty has said: "O ye messengers ! Eat of the good things and do right". And Allah the Almighty has said : "O ye who believe! Eat of the good things wherewith We have provided you" Then he mentioned [the case of] a man who, having journeyed far, is dishevelled and dusty and who spreads out his hands to the sky [saying] : "O Lord! O Lord!" - while his food is unlawful, his drink unlawful, his clothing unlawful, and he is nourished unlawfully, so how can he be answered !" related by Muslim 

Allah can refuse to answer your dua because of many reasons

O you who believe! If you help (in the cause of) Allah, He will help you, and make your foothold firm. (Muhammad 47:7)


The shayateen will say if you cannot beat them, you join them.
The Jabriyyah quotes an Ayah from the Quran to support their belief

You killed them not, but Allah killed them. And you (Muhammad SAW) threw not when you did throw but Allah threw, that He might test the believers by a fair trial from Him. Verily, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower. (Al-Anfal 8:17)

Allah (swt) is talking about the 70 kuffaar that were killed
In the battle of Badr (in the above ayah)
Before the battle began, the Prophet (saw) threw up sand in the air
It fell into the eyes of the 1000 kuffaar that come to fight the Muslim
So Allah said in the above Ayah that the Prophet (saw) did not throw, Allah did.
The Jabriyyah misunderstand the cause of revelation
The act of throwing came from Muhammad (saw) but the reach came from Allah
The miracle is in the reach
Because the sand reached into the eyes of 1000 kuffaar

It is worthy of mentioning that the first thing that Allah created was the pen

Narrated by Ibn Abbas who related “The first thing which Allah created was the Pen, and He said to it, ‘Write.’ It responded, ‘What should I write?’ He said, ‘Write everything that will occur until the Day of Resurrection.’ (Abu Dawood 4700)

Abdullah ibn Amr (RA) reported having heard from Allah’s Messenger (SAW) who said, “Allah decreed the destinies before He created the heavens and earth by fifty thousand years.” [Tirmidhi 2163, Ahmed 6590, Muslim 2653]

Even the pagans of Makkah had a better understanding of Allah than them

And when they embark on a ship, they invoke Allah, making their Faith pure for Him only, but when He brings them safely to land, behold, they give a share of their worship to others. (Al-'Ankabut 29:65)

The kuffaar in the above ayah called upon Allah in the hour of need
But they broke their promise when they reached safety
That is the nature of man
He uses you and then dumps you

Ali reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, "The pen has been raised for three persons (meaning they are not held accountable for what they do): one who is sleeping until he gets up, a child until he reaches the age of puberty, and an insane person until he becomes sane."
[Musnad Ahmad (1/154) No. 1327, Sunan Abu Dawud (4/140) No. 4402, Sunan Tirmidhi (4/32) No. 1423, Sunan Ibn Majah (3/198) No. 2041, al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Nasa'i (5/265) No. 5596, Mustadrak al-Haakim (2/67) No. 2350]


The Qadriyyah have also gone astray
They deny Qadr
They say Allah did not predestine anything
Therefore, with this creed they deny one of the six pillars of Imaan
When a person doesn’t study aqeeda on its own,
They always end up with a cocktail aqeeda - a mixture of everything
How many of you knew that the Saudi Salafi are murji with the leaders
Khawaarij with the muslims and jabriyyah with the tyrants
Their attitude is “leave the tyrants in power
Because they are in power due to the Qadr of Allah’’
This is the creed of the Saudi Salafi
We refute them by saying the Prophet (saw) said:

On the authority of Ubada bin As-Samit the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “…topple the leader if you see clear kufr…” [al-Bukhari (7056) and Muslim (1709)]

We have seen many many layers of their kufr
They have joined a crusade against the dawla
To kill Muslims in Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, Somalia and Yemen
They kill Muslims in all of these places

Ibn Hazm Stated in Al-Muhalla (11/138): "What is correct is that His statement, the Most High, "And if any amongst you takes them as Auliya', then surely he is one of them." (The Quran 5:51), should be understood on the basis of its apparent meaning. The person being referred to is a disbeliever from the generality of disbelievers, and no two Muslims disagree regarding this." Sheikh Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahab, may Allah have mercy on him, gathered ten actions that negate one's Islam (Nawaqid ul-'Ashr), the eighth one of which states: "Assisting the disbelievers (against the believers) (Mudhaharatul Mushrikeen) and supporting them against the believers (is from the actions that negates of one's faith).
The Proof being the statement of Allah, "And if any amongst you takes them as Auliya', then surely he is one of them. Verily, Allah guides not those people who are the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers and unjust). (The Quran 5:51)."

O you who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians as Auliya' (friends, protectors, helpers, etc.), they are but Auliya' to one another. And if any amongst you takes them as Auliya', then surely he is one of them. Verily, Allah guides not those people who are the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong­doers and unjust). (Al-Ma'idah 5:51)

The Qadriyyah in their defence paint a worst case scenario
They paint a sad scenario to make you feel bad about your aqeeda
E.g. "Did Allah predestine Dr. Harold Shipman killing 500 patients?"
And what about the baby who died from cancer?
How can Allah predestine that?
They always try to make you feel guilty
We say to them, Allah will hold Harold Shipman to account for what he did
Because he was not a madman at the time
He was a free human being exercising his own free will

The Qadriyyah say man creates his own actions
This ideology is shirk
Because they are trying to say people can create
Thus saying there are creators other than Allah (swt)
You are not allowed to believe that man created his own actions
The Quranic verse is proof:

"While Allah has created you and what you make!" (As-Saffat 37:96)

There is reward and punishment even though Allah creates all the actions
Because you have free will

(These Ayat were revealed about some members of my Ummah. They will come before the end of time and deny Al-Qadar.) Ata' bin Abi Rabah said, "I went to Ibn `Abbas and found him drawing water from the well of Zamzam. The bottom of his clothes was wet with the water of Zamzam and I said to him, `They talked about Al-Qadar (some denied it).' He asked, `Have they done this' I said, `Yes.' He said, `By Allah! This Ayah was revealed only about them, ("Taste you the touch of Hell!'' Verily, We have created all things with Qadar.) They are the worst members of this Ummah. Do not visit those who fall ill among them or pray the Funeral prayer for those among them who die. If I saw one of them, I would pluck out his eyes with these two fingers of mine.'' [Ibn Kathir agreed Tirmidhi]


These are the ONLY ones that have the correct creed with regards Qadr
They shun kufr, shirk and zandaqa (heresy)
They do not take the stance of the jabriyyah
By trying to strip man off his accountability
And blame Qadr for their sins
Neither do they take the stance of the Qadriyyah and deny Qadr
Which is one of the six pillars of Imaan
But they believe in Qadr that Allah has predestined everything
And documented everything
But Allah's documentation of the knowledge did not rob you of your freewill
Therefore, the free human being who is not mad or under duress
Shall be held accountable for everything he said and did in the dunya
Because of that, Allah said:

O My servants, it is but your deeds that I reckon up for you and then recompense you for, so let him who finds good praise Allah, and let him who finds other than that blame no one but himself." Related by Muslim.


We use these words interchangeably but the difference is huge
Qadr is Destiny but Qadaa is Predestination
The difference is that destiny can be changed,
But predestination cannot be changed
Therefore, destiny is the everyday activities of a person’s life
But things like the coming of Jesus (as), the Dajjal, rising of the sun from the west...
All these things cannot be changed


"Nothing could change the Qadar except Du`a’." (Musnad Ahmad, Vol. 5, Hadith no. 277; Sunan At-Tirmidhi, Vol. 3, Hadith no. 139; and classified as Hasan (good)

The dua of a believer is so powerful that it can change destiny
Yet you underestimate your dua


The scholars of Islam asked and discussed this question
They say that there is no Qur’anic verse or hadith
That say we have to be pleased with Qadr
If you are traveling in a car and have an accident losing both legs,
How can you be please with that?
To ask a Muslim to be pleased with Qadr is putting on a Muslim
A burden more than he can bear
You will cause him to apostate

Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope…..(Al-Baqarah 2:286)

However, even though it is not required to be pleased with Qadr,
We have to be patient with Qadr in order not to
Insult Allah or to apostate from Islam
Allah (swt) spoke about those who have no sabr with Qadr

And among mankind is he who worships Allah as it were, upon the very edge (i.e. in doubt); if good befalls him, he is content therewith; but if a trial befalls him, he turns back on his face (i.e. reverts back to disbelief after embracing Islam). He loses both this world and the Hereafter. That is the evident loss. (Al-Hajj 22:11)

Not everyone has the Iman to be patient with Qadr
Some buckle under the pressure
This is why the shaitan uses poverty to make you leave the deen
Because not everyone has sabr to be patient with Qadr


The 4 Pillars of Qadr are:
1. Ilm - knowledge
2. khitaba - Allah documented His knowledge
3. Mashee'a - Allah willed the thing to happen
4. Khalq - Allah created all of your actions

During the caliphate of Umar Ibn Al Khattab (ra)
He visited Ash-Shaam when there was an outbreak of plague
They following conversation took place between him and Abu Ubaidah (ra)

Abu 'Ubaida bin Al-Jarrah said (to 'Umar), "Are you running away from what Allah had ordained?" 'Umar said, "Would that someone else had said such a thing, O Abu 'Ubaida! Yes, we are running from what Allah had ordained to what Allah has ordained. Don't you agree that if you had camels that went down a valley having two places, one green and the other dry, you would graze them on the green one only if Allah had ordained that, and you would graze them on the dry one only if Allah had ordained that?" At that time 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf, who had been absent because of some job, came and said, "I have some knowledge about this. I have heard Allah's Apostle saying, 'If you hear about it (an outbreak of plague) in a land, do not go to it; but if plague breaks out in a country where you are staying, do not run away from it.'" 'Umar thanked Allah and returned to Medina. [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 7, Book 71, Hadith 625]