Saturday, December 20, 2014

(Notes) Tafsir surah Al Ahzaab - Part 4 - Jews Break All Treaties


Tafsir surah Al Ahzaab - Part 4 - Jews Break All Treaties
By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
Wednesday 10th December 2014


NOTES TYPED LIVE BY AT19
EDITED AND FORMATTED BY AT38


AYAH 22

And when the believers saw Al­Ahzab (the Confederates), they said: "This is what Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW) had promised us, and Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW) had spoken the truth, and it only added to their faith and to their submissiveness (to Allah). (Al-Ahzab 33:22)

What was the promise of Allah (swt) mentioned in the above Ayah?
Allah promised them they will have difficulties and will be tested
According to the scholars, the promise is found in 2:214

Or think you that you will enter Paradise without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you? They were afflicted with severe poverty and ailments and were so shaken that even the Messenger and those who believed along with him said, "When (will come) the Help of Allah?" Yes! Certainly, the Help of Allah is near! (Al-Baqarah 2:214)

Allah (swt) also spoke about poverty in the above verse

Abu Talhah (RA) narrated: We complained to Allah’s Messenger (SAW) about our hunger and raising from our stomach (the garment) bared the stone each of us had tied to it. He showed that he had two stones (tied to his stomach.) [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/585) No. 2371, Bayhaqi in ‘Shu'ab al Emaan’ (13/54) No. 9943]

The sahabah suffered poverty and Allah made a promise in 2:155-156

And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.). (Al-Baqarah 2:155)
Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: "Truly! To Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return." (Al-Baqarah 2:156)

If you say "Truly! To Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return."
When you lose something, Allah will replace it with something better


AYAH 22

And when the believers saw Al­Ahzab (the Confederates), they said: "This is what Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW) had promised us, and Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW) had spoken the truth, and it only added to their faith and to their submissiveness (to Allah). (Al-Ahzab 33:22)

The ulama used this Ayah to prove that our imaan increases and decreases
Those who say that our imaan is static, have a wrong understanding
9:124 is the other evidence used by the ulama as evidence

And whenever there comes down a Surah (chapter from the Qur'an), some of them (hypocrites) say: "Which of you has had his Faith increased by it?" As for those who believe, it has increased their Faith, and they rejoice. (At-Tawbah 9:124)

Hanzala reported: We were in the company of Allah's Messenger (SAW) and he delivered to us a sermon and made a mention of Hell-Fire. Then I came to my house and began to laugh with my children and sport with my wife. (Hanzala) further reported: I went out and met Abu Bakr and made a mention of that to him. Thereupon he said: I have done the same as you have mentioned. So we went to see Allah's Messenger (SAW) and said to him: Allah's Messenger, Hanzala has become a hypocrite. And he (the Holy Prophet) said Show respite. And then I narrated to him the story, and Abu Bakr said: I have done the same as he has done. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Hanzala, there is a time for worldly affairs and a time for (worship and devotion), and if your state of mind is always the same as it is at the time of remembrance of Allah, the Angels would shake hands with you and would greet you on the path by saying: As-Salamu-Alaikum. [Sahih Muslim (4/2107) No. 2750]

The above hadith is another example of how imaan is not static.
Imaan goes up and down


AYAH 23

Among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah [i.e. they have gone out for Jihad (holy fighting), and showed not their backs to the disbelievers], of them some have fulfilled their obligations (i.e. have been martyred), and some of them are still waiting, but they have never changed [i.e.they never proved treacherous to their covenant which they concluded with Allah] in the least. (Al-Ahzab 33:23)

The covenant Allah (swt) is speaking about is Jihad
And they did not flee from the battlefield
Obligation here means martyrdom
"they have never changed" means they have not turned back on their heels
Because Jihad is a covenant, the following hadith reads:

It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: One who died but did not fight in the way of Allah nor did he express any desire (or determination) for Jihad died the death of a hypocrite. [Sahih Muslim, Book 20, Hadith 4696]

Everyone has a covenant with Allah to do jihad
Allah spoke about turning away from the battlefield as breaking your covenant

Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet (SAW), said, "Avoid the seven fatal sins." They said, "Messenger of Allah, what are they?" Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet (SAW), said, "Avoid the seven fatal sins." They said, "Messenger of Allah, what are they?" He said, "Associating with Allah, sorcery, killing a soul which Allah has forbidden, except by legal right, consuming usury, consuming the property of an orphan, fleeing on the day of battle and slandering unthinking chaste believing women." [al-Bukhari (2766) and Muslim (89)]

He said, "Associating with Allah, sorcery, killing a soul which Allah has forbidden, except by legal right, consuming usury, consuming the property of an orphan, fleeing on the day of battle and slandering unthinking chaste believing women." [al-Bukhari (2766) and Muslim (89)]

This Ayah (23) was revealed for Anas Bin Nadr (ra)
Anas didn't participate in the battle of Badr and was worried
Due to this, he was desperate to participate in the battle of Uhud

Narrated By Anas: My uncle Anas bin An-Nadr was absent from the Battle of Badr. He said, "O Allah's Apostle! I was absent from the first battle you fought against the pagans. (By Allah) if Allah gives me a chance to fight the pagans, no doubt. Allah will see how (bravely) I will fight." On the day of Uhud when the Muslims turned their backs and fled, he said, "O Allah! I apologize to You for what these (i.e. his companions) have done, and I denounce what these (i.e. the pagans) have done." Then he advanced and Sad bin Muadh met him. He said "O Sad bin Muadh ! By the Lord of An-Nadr, Paradise! I am smelling its aroma coming from before (the mountain of) Uhud," Later on Sad said, "O Allah's Apostle! I cannot achieve or do what he (i.e. Anas bin An-Nadr) did. We found more than eighty wounds by swords and arrows on his body. We found him dead and his body was mutilated so badly that none except his sister could recognize him by his fingers." We used to think that the following Verse was revealed concerning him and other men of his sort: "Among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah..." (33.23) His sister Ar-Rubbaya' broke a front tooth of a woman and Allah's Apostle ordered for retaliation. On that Anas (bin An-Nadr) said, "O Allah's Apostle! By Him Who has sent you with the Truth, my sister's tooth shall not be broken." Then the opponents of Anas's sister accepted the compensation and gave up the claim of retaliation. So Allah's Apostle said, "There are some people amongst Allah's slaves whose oaths are fulfilled by Allah when they take them." [Sahih Bukhari, (4/52) Hadith #061]


In our midst today, there are people who are treacherous
They say no Jihad without a Caliph
And no Jihad without an Islamic State
Although we now have a Caliph and an Islamic State, they still reject and deny
They deny so much, soon they will deny Allah (swt) and the Rasool (saw)
Because to deny is their modus operandi
They deny because they don't want to sacrifice
They want to enter paradise for free
Some even say they are "non practising Muslims"
If you don't practice, you are a kaafir
9:11 is the evidence

But if they repent, perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat, then they are your brethren in religion. (In this way) We explain the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for a people who know. (At-Tawbah 9:11)


AYAH 24

That Allah may reward the men of truth for their truth (i.e. for their patience at the accomplishment of that which they covenanted with Allah), and punish the hypocrites if He will or accept their repentance by turning to them in Mercy. Verily, Allah is Oft­Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Al-Ahzab 33:24)

Allah (swt) has ordained Jihad to test who is the real believer and who is not
It exposes the hypocrites
Qalb - Heart means something that keeps changing
The heart doesn't remain the same

Because of this, Allah taught you the following dua to recite

"Our Lord! Let not our hearts deviate (from the truth) after You have guided us, and grant us mercy from You. Truly, You are the Bestower." (Aali Imran 3:8)

Abu Huraira narrated that the Prophet said, "On the Day of Resurrection a group of companions will come to me, but will be driven away from the Lake-Fount, and I will say, 'O Lord (those are) my companions!' It will be said, 'You have no knowledge as to what they innovated after you left; they turned apostate as renegades (reverted from Islam)." [Sahih Bukhari (8/120) No. 6585]

Some people met the rasul (saw), took shahadah, ate with him etc
But their hearts changed after his passing away
They went back to jahillyah and some followed the false prophets
And fought and killed muslims

Allah will not leave the believers in the state in which you are now, until He distinguishes the wicked from the good. Nor will Allah disclose to you the secrets of the Ghaib (unseen), but Allah chooses of His Messengers whom He pleases. So believe in Allah and His Messengers. And if you believe and fear Allah, then for you there is a great reward. (Aali Imran 3:179)

And surely, We shall try you till We test those who strive hard (for the Cause of Allah) and the patient ones, and We shall test your facts (i.e. the one who is a liar, and the one who is truthful). (Muhammad 47:31)

A munafiq will always find an excuse
They don’t accept the dawla
150 scholars condemn the dawla, but they are not sincere scholars
Allah (swt) said they are donkeys and dogs

And recite (O Muhammad SAW) to them the story of him to whom We gave Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), but he threw them away, so Shaitan (Satan) followed him up, and he became of those who went astray. (Al-A'raf 7:175)

And had We willed, We would surely have elevated him therewith but he clung to the earth and followed his own vain desire. So his description is the description of a dog: if you drive him away, he lolls his tongue out, or if you leave him alone, he (still) lolls his tongue out. Such is the description of the people who reject Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). So relate the stories, perhaps they may reflect. (Al-A'raf 7:176)

The likeness of those who were entrusted with the (obligation of the) Taurat (Torah) (i.e. to obey its commandments and to practise its legal laws), but who subsequently failed in those (obligations), is as the likeness of a donkey who carries huge burdens of books (but understands nothing from them). How bad is the example (or the likeness) of people who deny the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah. And Allah guides not the people who are Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers, disbelievers, etc.). (Al-Jumu'ah 62:5)

You follow these wicked scholars because you worship personalities and not Allah
Some of these scholars you follow believe in democracy, promote gay sex and marriages,
And promote praying to Muhammad (saw) in the grave
Some promote Darwinism

Rashid Rida was the founder of the Saudi Salafi movement,
A freemason and mentor of Albani
Albani was the father or irjah for this century
He believed if you insult Muhammad (saw) you are not a kaafir
He (Albani) also believed if you dismantled the Shariah, you are not a kaafir


AYAH 25

And Allah drove back those who disbelieved in their rage, they gained no advantage (booty, etc.). Allah sufficed for the believers in the fighting (by sending against the disbelievers a severe wind and troops of angels). And Allah is Ever All­-Strong, All­-Mighty. (Al-Ahzab 33:25)

After the battle, the Prophet (saw) said this is the last battle (the battle of the ditch)
In which they will be attacked
After that they were the ones attacking the kuffaar and not the kuffaar attacking them

Allah used a severe wind against the kuffaar
However, the wind was not strong enough to kill them
Because the Prophet (saw) was sent as a mercy to mankind
Allah could have killed them with a wind like He did to the people of Aad

And We have sent you (O Muhammad SAW) not but as a mercy for the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). (Al-Anbiya 21:107)

Allah also said in 8:33 that He would not punish them while Muhammad (was) was still in their midst

On the day of Al-Ahzab (i.e. clans) the Prophet said, (After this battle) we will go to attack them (i.e. the infidels) and they will not come to attack us." Sahih Bukhari, Book 5 Volume 59 Hadith 435

And Allah would not punish them while you (Muhammad SAW) are amongst them, nor will He punish them while they seek (Allah's) Forgiveness. (Al-Anfal 8:33)

Muhammad (saw) was a shield for mankind while he was living in their midst


AYAH 26

And those of the people of the Scripture who backed them (the disbelievers) Allah brought them down from their forts and cast terror into their hearts, (so that) a group (of them) you killed, and a group (of them) you made captives. (Al-Ahzab 33:26)

When the Prophet (saw) kicked out Banu Nadhir
They nursed a grudge against the Prophet (saw)
The leader of Bani Nadhir was called Huyay bin Akhtab
The Prophet (saw) kicked him out because he tried to kill him
He plotted in Khaibar
He entered Madinah and convinced the leader the last Jewish tribe - Ka'b Bin Asad
To break their treaty with Muhammad
Initially Ka'b Bin Asad told Huyay to go away
But Huyay continued to pressure him and he broke his treaty with Muhammad (saw)

Ka'b Bin Asad first went to Abu Sufiyan to join the coalition
Like today, Saudi joined the coalition because they don't want an Islamic State
They are living a playboy lifestyle
If the dawla arrived in Saudi, they would have to share the wealth
People live in Saudi for 30 years and cannot get citizenship
They would have to share the oil wealth with the rest of the Muslims
So when the Americans called for a crusade against the dawla,
They quickly joined
Their aim is to destroy the dawla

History is repeating itself
All the hypocrites and apostates have joined the coalition
And wicked scholars too
This is why we are doing the tafsir of Surah Ahzab
Because we have lived to see history repeating itself

On the authority of Thawban the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “All the people of the world will soon summon one another to attack you as people gather around a table when invited to part take of its meal” Someone asked, ‘will that be because of our small numbers at that time?’ He (the Prophet) replied: “No, you will be numerous at that time but you will be scum and rubbish like that carried down by a torrent, and Allah will take fear from the breast of your enemies and cast “wahn” into your hearts”. Someone asked ‘What is “wahn” O Messenger of Allah?’ He replied “Love for the world and dislike of death.” [Sunan Abu Dawud (4/111) No. 4297, Musnad Ahmad (2/359) No. 8698]

This coalition you see today, the Prophet (saw) spoke about it in the above hadith
They have wahn in their hearts
The people with wahn in their hearts are the ones who reject the dawla

And those of the people of the Scripture who backed them (the disbelievers) Allah brought them down from their forts and cast terror into their hearts, (so that) a group (of them) you killed, and a group (of them) you made captives. (Al-Ahzab 33:26)

The Jewish tribe who broke their covenant is Banu Quraidha
Kuffaar bully each other into following the footsteps of shaitan
Every kaafir is a hypocrite and every hypocrite is a kaafir

Who are the people the Prophet killed and who did he take as captives?
They asked for Sa'd ibn Muadh (ra) to be the judge
Because he was the chief of the Aws tribe
And he was their ally in jahiliyyah
Sa'd ibn Muadh said he will judge if his judgement would be carried out
Sa'ds judgement was that
Their fighting men should be killed
Their women and children should be taken as captives
And their wealth taken by the muslims
When Sa'd passed the judgement
The Prophet (saw) said Sa'd’s judgement agreed with Allah's judgement

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri: Some people agreed to accept the verdict of Sad bin Muadh so the Prophet sent for him (i.e. Sad bin Muadh). He came riding a donkey, and when he approached the Mosque, the Prophet said, "Get up for the best amongst you." or said, "Get up for your chief." Then the Prophet said, "O Sad! These people have agreed to accept your verdict." Sad said, "I judge that their (Banu Qurayza's) warriors should be killed and their children and women should be taken as captives." The Prophet said, "You have given a judgment similar to Allah's Judgment." [Sahih Bukhari (5/58) Hadith: 148]

It is worthy of mentioning that Allah told you in the Quran that Jews break all treaties

Is it not (the case) that every time they make a covenant, some party among them throw it aside? Nay! the truth is most of them believe not. (Al-Baqarah 2:100)

It is their nature to break treaties.

And they say, "Our hearts are wrapped (i.e. do not hear or understand Allah's Word)." Nay, Allah has cursed them for their disbelief, so little is that which they believe. (Al-Baqarah 2:88)

They lived in Madinah because they knew Muhammad (saw) was coming

Those to whom We gave the Scripture (Jews and Christians) recognise him (Muhammad or the Ka'bah at Makkah) as they recongise their sons. But verily, a party of them conceal the truth while they know it - [i.e. the qualities of Muhammad which are written in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)]. (Al-Baqarah 2:146)

When Muhammad came to Madinah, they recognised him - the Jews and Christians
But they rejected him in the name of racism
They thought he would be a Jew but he was an Arab
Allah said in 2:146 that they recognise him as a father recognises his son
The Jews chose hellfire over paradise due to racism
That is a complete racist

Is it not (the case) that every time they make a covenant, some party among them throw it aside? Nay! the truth is most of them believe not. (Al-Baqarah 2:100)

All three Jewish tribes broke their treaty with Muhammad (saw)

Narrated By Ibn Umar: Bani An-Nadir and Bani Quraiza fought (against the Prophet violating their peace treaty), so the Prophet exiled Bani An-Nadir and allowed Bani Quraiza to remain at their places (in Medina) taking nothing from them till they fought against the Prophet again). He then killed their men and distributed their women, children and property among the Muslims, but some of them came to the Prophet and he granted them safety, and they embraced Islam. He exiled all the Jews from Medina. They were the Jews of Bani Qainuqa', the tribe of 'Abdullah bin Salam and the Jews of Bani Haritha and all the other Jews of Medina. [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 5, Book 59, Hadith #362]