Sunday, December 21, 2014

(Notes) Tafsir surah Al Ahzaab - Part 5 - Who Are Ahlul Bayt

Tafsir surah Al Ahzaab - Part 5 - Who Are Ahlul Bayt
By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
Saturday 13th December 2014



O Prophet (Muhammad SAW)! Say to your wives: If you desire the life of this world, and its glitter, Then come! I will make a provision for you and set you free in a handsome manner (divorce). (Al-Ahzab 33:28)

When you study tafsir, there is a chapter called causes of revelation
This ayah was revealed because the wives of the rasul (saw)
Were asking for more money for their maintenance
When this verse came down he had nine wives
They were putting on him a burden more than he could bear
So Allah gave them a choice
To choose between the pump and glitter of dunya and the paradise
The Prophet (saw) approached Ayesha (ra) first
She was told to consult with her parents
But Ayesha said it wasn't necessary to consult them
Her decision was to stay with the Messenger of Allah
The Prophet (saw) told her not to tell the other wives her decision

Narrated By 'Aisha: (The wife of the Prophet) when Allah's Apostle was ordered to give option to his wives, he started with me, saying, "I am going to mention to you something, but you shall not hasten (to give your reply) unless you consult your parents." The Prophet knew that my parents would not order me to leave him. Then he said, "Allah says: 'O Prophet (Muhammad)! Say to your wives: If you desire the life of this world and its glitter... a great reward." (33.28-29) I said, "Then why I consult my parents? Verily, I seek Allah, His Apostle and the Home of the Hereafter." Then all the other wives of the Prophet did the same as I did. [al-Bukhari (4786) and Muslim (1475)]

The lesson you learn from the above hadith is that a Muslim woman
Doesn't have to consult with her parents to come to a conclusion
About whether to stay in her marriage or to leave it
Because it is her marriage and her life

Secondly, you are not allowed to consult your parents about your marriage
If your parents are kuffar, apostates, hypocrites or zindeeq
Because such people have no furqaan
Allah (swt) told us this in the Quran

O you who believe! Take not as (your) Bitanah (advisors, consultants, protectors, helpers, friends, etc.) those outside your religion (pagans, Jews, Christians, and hypocrites) since they will not fail to do their best to corrupt you. They desire to harm you severely. Hatred has already appeared from their mouths, but what their breasts conceal is far worse. Indeed We have made plain to you the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses) if you understand. (Aali Imran 3:118)

The person you consult about your marriage has to be from your religion
People who are not will tell you to leave your marriage
You also cannot consult someone who has a crush on your wife
Because they will advise you to dump your husband to have her for himself

Ayesha thought it was inappropriate to move on from the Prophet (saw)
Because of that, all of the nine wives of the Prophet (saw) decided to stay
May Allah be pleased with them


But if you desire Allah and His Messenger, and the home of the Hereafter, then verily, Allah has prepared for Al­-Muhsinat (good-­doers) amongst you an enormous reward. (Al-Ahzab 33:29)

The wives of the Prophet (saw) stopped putting demands on the Prophet for dunya things and proved that they preferred the hereafter over the dunya

After Ishmael's mother had died, Abraham came after Ishmael's marriage in order to see his family that he had left before, but he did not find Ishmael there. When he asked Ishmael's wife about him, she replied, 'He has gone in search of our livelihood.' Then he asked her about their way of living and their condition, and she replied, 'We are living in misery; we are living in hardship and destitution,' complaining to him. He said, 'When your husband returns, convey my salutation to him and tell him to change the threshold of the gate (of his house).' When Ishmael came, he seemed to have felt something unusual, so he asked his wife, 'Has anyone visited you?' She replied, 'Yes, an old man of so-and-so description came and asked me about you and I informed him, and he asked about our state of living, and I told him that we were living in a hardship and poverty.' On that Ishmael said, 'Did he advise you anything?' She replied, 'Yes, he told me to convey his salutation to you and to tell you to change the threshold of your gate.' Ishmael said, 'It was my father, and he has ordered me to divorce you. Go back to your family.' So, Ishmael divorced her and married another woman from amongst them (i.e. Jurhum). Then Abraham stayed away from them for a period as long as Allah wished and called on them again but did not find Ishmael. So he came to Ishmael's wife and asked her about Ishmael. She said, 'He has gone in search of our livelihood.' Abraham asked her, 'How are you getting on?' asking her about their sustenance and living. She replied, 'We are prosperous and well-off (i.e. we have everything in abundance).'Then she thanked Allah' Abraham said, 'What kind of food do you eat?' She said. 'Meat.' He said, 'What do you drink?' She said, 'Water." He said, "O Allah! Bless their meat and water." The Prophet added, "At that time they did not have grain, and if they had grain, he would have also invoked Allah to bless it." The Prophet added, "If somebody has only these two things as his sustenance, his health and disposition will be badly affected, unless he lives in Mecca." The Prophet added," Then Abraham said Ishmael's wife, "When your husband comes, give my regards to him and tell him that he should keep firm the threshold of his gate.' When Ishmael came back, he asked his wife, 'Did anyone call on you?' She replied, 'Yes, a good-looking old man came to me,' so she praised him and added. 'He asked about you, and I informed him, and he asked about our livelihood and I told him that we were in a good condition.' Ishmael asked her, 'Did he give you any piece of advice?' She said, 'Yes, he told me to give his regards to you and ordered that you should keep firm the threshold of your gate.' On that Ishmael said, 'It was my father, and you are the threshold (of the gate). He has ordered me to keep you with me.’ (2.127) [Sahih Bukhari, (4/55) Hadith #583]

The above hadith proves that a father or mother can tell the son to divorce the wife
If the wife is evil in character or ungrateful
If this is not the case, the parents should not interfere

The Prophet said, "I was shown the Hell-fire and that the majority of its dwellers were women who were ungrateful." Burkhari volume I, No. 28.

The Prophet (saws) said: ‘If a woman dies while her husband was pleased with her, she will enter Paradise.’ Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 286

Ibn 'Umar (RA) said: The Prophet (SAW) said, "O women folk! You should give charity and be diligent in seeking Allah's forgiveness for I have seen that you form the majority of the people of Hell." A wise woman amongst them said: "Why is it that the majority of the dwellers of Hell are women?" The Prophet (SAW) replied, "You curse frequently and are ungrateful to your husbands. In spite of your lacking in wisdom and failing in religion, you are depriving the wisest of men of their intelligence." Upon this the woman asked: "What is the deficiency in our wisdom and in our religion?" He (SAW) replied, "Your lack of wisdom can be well judged from the fact that the evidence of two women is equal to that one man. You do not offer Salat (prayer) for some days and you do not fast (the whole of) Ramadan sometimes, it is a deficiency in religion." [Sahih Muslim (1/86) No. 79 and Sunan Ibn Majah (5/138) No. 4003]


O wives of the Prophet! Whoever of you commits an open illegal sexual intercourse, the torment for her will be doubled, and that is ever easy for Allah. (Al-Ahzab 33:30)

Fahisha means open sin and nushooz (marital discord)
And that (nushooz) is when a woman is disobedient to her husband
It is possible for the wife of a Prophet to commit zina
Because the revelation came down to the Prophet not the wife
The wife is just an ordinary woman like the other women in the world
However, no wife of the Prophet (saw) committed zina

Verily! Those who brought forth the slander (against 'Aishah the wife of the Prophet SAW) are a group among you. Consider it not a bad thing for you. Nay, it is good for you. Unto every man among them will be paid that which he had earned of the sin, and as for him among them who had the greater share therein, his will be a great torment.
(An-Nur 24:11)

Every wife of Muhammad (saw) was a Muslim
Two Prophets had kaffir wives
They were Lut (as) and Nuh (as)
Because of that, their mission was not as successful
As Prophet Musa (as) and Muhammad (saw)

Allah sets forth an example for those who disbelieve, the wife of Nuh (Noah) and the wife of Lout (Lot). They were under two of our righteous slaves, but they both betrayed their (husbands by rejecting their doctrine) so they [Nuh (Noah) and Lout (Lot)] benefited them (their respective wives) not, against Allah, and it was said: "Enter the Fire along with those who enter!" (At-Tahrim 66:10)

Umm Salamah (RA) reported that Allahs Messenger (SAW) said, "Any woman, who dies while her husband is pleased with her, will enter Paradise." [Sunan Tirmidhi (3/466) No. 1161, Sunan Ibn Majah (3/59) No. 1854]

The Prophet (saws) said: ‘If a woman dies while her husband was pleased with her, she will enter Paradise.’ Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 286

Abu Huraira (RA) said: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "If a man calls his wife to his bed and she refuses, and thus he spends the night angry with her, the angels continue cursing her till the morning." [al-Bukhari (3237) and Muslim (1436)]

Talq ibn Ali (RA) reported that Allahs Messenger (SAW) said, "When a man calls his wife to satisfy his urge then she must go to him even if she is at the stove." [Sunan Tirmidhi (3/465) No. 1160, Sunan al-Kubra al-Nasa'i (8/187) No. 8922 and Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah (3/558) No. 17135]

After reading the above ahadith, a believing woman will never refuse
To go to bed with her husband


And whosoever of you is obedient to Allah and His Messenger SAW , and does righteous good deeds, We shall give her, her reward twice over, and We have prepared for her Rizqan Karima (a noble provision Paradise). (Al-Ahzab 33:31)

If they (the wives of the rasul) disobey Allah, their punishment is double
If they obey Allah, their reward is double
What the ordinary muslims will punished or rewarded respectively
And that is Allah's justice
He gave them double reward and punishment
Not just double punishment for committing a sin
And the same reward as the ordinary muslims when they do good

The Ayah means that when you are in a position of authority like the wives of the Prophet
You have to be careful of your behavior
You are not supposed to do haram
If you are a Shaikh, hafiz etc you cannot drink alcohol or go to night clubs
The wives were in the position of authority
They were the mothers of the believers

The Prophet is closer to the believers than their ownselves, and his wives are their (believers') mothers (as regards respect and marriage). (Al-Ahzab 33:6)

When you are in a position of authority, you are a role model
For example, during the time of Ayesha (ra)
The women used to show her their menstrual pads
For her to tell if they were pure and should pray
That was the respect that the women had for her as the mother of the believers


O wives of the Prophet! You are not like any other women. If you keep your duty (to Allah), then be not soft in speech, lest he in whose heart is a disease (of hypocrisy, or evil desire for adultery, etc.) should be moved with desire, but speak in an honourable manner. (Al-Ahzab 33:32)

This Ayah is saying that the voice of a woman can be fitna when it is beautified
Secondly, some people have a disease in their hearts and want to seduce married women
They are addicted to adultery
They will pretend to listen to your problems but all they want is sex
Why do they like adultery? Sometimes the women have money
They can use their husbands’ money to pamper their lovers

According to shariah law, if a man catches a man in bed with his wife
And he kills one or both
You cannot touch him for killing them
What the man did is called a crime of passion
The husband can kill both the wife and the lover
He was also protecting his honor
This fatwa is from Abdullah Tuwayjiree
He is one of the leading scholars of fiqh

Shaikh Abdur Rahman al Barraak is one of the leading scholars of aqeeda in the Muslim world today

Even though Allah is telling the wives of the Prophet (saw) not to be soft in their speech,
This commandment is for all Muslim women
Speaking to your fiancé on the phone is permissible to see if you are compatible
And you are allowed to change your mind
But whatever gifts you received from him
Has to be returned back
Because you change your mind about the marriage
Also, showing your hair to your fiancé is permissible
If you send a pic without hijab to the fiancé, you didn't do anything wrong
You are not allowed to expose the parts of the body
This is according to the Hanbali madhab

If you have to show your hair in person
Your mahram should be present

Is the voice of the woman awrah?
No it is not awrah and the hujjah is:

The woman’s voice is not ‘awrah in principle, for women used to complain to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and ask him about Islamic matters. They also did that with the Rightly-Guided Khaleefahs (may Allaah be pleased with them) and the rulers after them. And they would greet non-mahram men with salaams and return greetings, and none of the imams of Islam denounced them for that. But it is not permissible for a woman to speak in a soft or alluring voice, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): "O wives of the Prophet! You are not like any other women. If you keep your duty (to Allaah), then be not soft in speech, lest he in whose heart is a disease (of hypocrisy, or evil desire for adultery) should be moved with desire, but speak in an honourable manner”[al-Ahzaab 33:32] because men may be tempted by that, as is indicated by this aayah. And Allaah is the source of strength. (Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah li’l-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wa’l-Iftaa, 6/83)

The word "Lajnah" means a panel of scholars

It is worthy of mentioning that Ahmed ibn Hanbal allowed women to call the adhan
Provided she calls it when she is in a gathering for ladies only
Also, Imam Tabari allows women to lead salah
However, in the Hanbali madhab, a woman is allowed to lead salah
With men in the jamaa if no man among them knows Quran
This fatawa was endorsed by ibn Taymiyyah

Ibn Qudaamah said: it is Sunnah, when a woman to lead other women in prayer, for her to stand in the middle of the row in all cases, because they are ‘awrah. [Al-Mughni, vol. 1, p. 347]

Ibn Taymiyyah (rh) said:  "A learned woman leading unlettered men in the night prayers of Ramadan is permissible in the well-known statement of Ahmed (ibn Hanbal), and as for all other superagatory prayers, then there are two narrations." [Naqd Maratib al-ijma' (pg. 290)]

Imam al Tabari stated in this debate that it is permissible for a woman to lead men in prayer and cited that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was once visiting Um Waraqa bint ‘Abdullah ibn al Harith in her home and asked her to lead her household in prayers. Scholars concluded that men were among her household yet the Prophet asked her to lead the prayer.

From Umm Waraqah, the daughter of Abdullah bin al-Harith, "the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) used to visit her at her house. He appointed a mu'adhdhin to call Adhan for her and he commanded her to lead the inmates of her house in prayer." Abdurrahman said, "I saw that her mu'adhdhin was an old man." [Abu Dawud (Eng. Trans. #591 & 592)]


And stay in your houses, and do not display yourselves like that of the times of ignorance, and perform As-Salat (Iqamat­as­Salat), and give Zakat and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah wishes only to remove Ar­Rijs (evil deeds and sins, etc.) from you, O members of the family (of the Prophet SAW), and to purify you with a thorough purification. (Al-Ahzab 33:33)

Allah (swt) is saying do not practice tabarruj
What is tabarruj?
Tabarruj is when a woman displays her beauty outside the home to non-mahram men
Or even inside the home when they have non-mahram around
An example is to wear jeans outside the home
If a woman goes out in trousers (jeans) she has to wear a jilbab over the trousers
The long dress is called an abaya that goes over the ankle
It is also haram to put elastic in the waist of the jilbab
It is haram for the Muslim woman to wear belt over the jilbab
If the woman leaves the home exposing her neck and ears, showing off earrings,
This is haram - it is called the Rita Marley hijab
The wife of Bob Marley dressed this way
This is the rastafari hijab
Tabarruj is to wear makeup outside the home
Makeup means lipstick and eye shadow not khol
However, wearing khol can be fitna, so you should avoid it
Tabarruj is to wear dubatta outside the home
Dubatta is the thin (see through) scarf worn by Asian women
It is to wear the sari outside the home and expose your belly
This called imitating the Hindus

It is permissible for a woman to wear perfume if she is in the company of her mahram (husband or father) and there is separation between the sexes
However, a woman who wears sweet perfume for non-mahram men
To smell her, she did tabarruj

Abu Moosa al-Ash’ari said: the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Any woman who puts on perfume then passes by people so that they can smell her fragrance, is an adulteress.” [Musnad Ahmad (4/413) No. 19726, Sunan al-Nasa'i (8/153) No. 5126, Mustadrak al-Haakim (2/430) No. 3497]

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah was asked – as it says in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (11/646) – about women who pile their hair on top of their heads, and they will not see Paradise or smell its fragrance. But it is narrated in the hadeeth from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “Whoever says La ilaaha ill-Allaah will enter Paradise.”Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah was asked – as it says in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (11/646) – about women who pile their hair on top of their heads, and they will not see Paradise or smell its fragrance. But it is narrated in the hadeeth from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): He replied: It is proven in Saheeh Muslim and elsewhere from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There are two types of the people of Hell whom I have not seen: men with whips like the tails of cattle with which they strike the people, and women who are clothed but naked, walking with an enticing gait, with something like the humps of camels on their heads. They will not enter Paradise nor even smell its fragrance, and its fragrance can be smelled from such and such a distance.”Whoever claims that this hadeeth is not saheeh and that what it mentions of the severe punishment is not true is ignorant and has gone astray from the path of sharee’ah, and he deserves a punishment that will deter him and other ignorant people like him who object to the saheeh ahaadeeth that are soundly narrated from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). There are many saheeh ahaadeeth about this warning. For example: “Whoever kills a mu’aahid unlawfully will not smell the fragrance of Paradise, although its fragrance may be detected from a distance of forty years.” “No one will enter Paradise in whose heart is a mustard seed’s worth of arrogance.” (Fataawa al-Shaykh Muhamamd ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 2/825.)

Allah told the wives of the Prophet (saw) not to practice tabarruj
Also, to wear jewelry that makes noise is tabarruj
It is to wear tight or see through clothing
It is to wear bright abaya like pink or yellow, orange, red
Abaya should be black, brown, are a muted color
If you want to attract men, attract your husband; not non-mahram men
It is the modus operandi of the kaffir women to practice tabarruj


And stay in your houses, and do not display yourselves like that of the times of ignorance, and perform As-Salat (Iqamat­as­Salat), and give Zakat and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah wishes only to remove Ar­Rijs (evil deeds and sins, etc.) from you, O members of the family (of the Prophet SAW), and to purify you with a thorough purification. (Al-Ahzab 33:33)

Who are Ahlul Bayt?
Fatawa from the scholars about Ahlul Bayt:

There are several views among the scholars (may Allaah have mercy on them) concerning the definition of Ahl al-Bayt. Some said that the members of the Prophet’s family are his wives, his children, Banu Haashim, Banu ‘Abd al-Muttalib and their freed slaves. Some said that his wives were not part of the Ahl al-Bayt. Some said that the Ahl al-Bayt are Quraysh; some said that the family of Muhammad are the pious among his ummah; and some said that they are all of the ummah of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). With regard to the wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), the most correct view is that they are included among the members of the family of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), because Allaah says, after commanding the wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to observe hijaab (interpretation of the meaning): “Allaah wishes only to remove Ar-Rijs (evil deeds and sins) from you, O members of the family (of the Prophet), and to purify you with a thorough purification”[al-Ahzaab 33:33] And the angels said to Saarah the wife of Ibraaheem (peace be upon him) (interpretation of the meaning): “The Mercy of Allaah and His Blessings be on you, O the family [of Ibraaheem (Abraham)]”[Hood 11:73] And because Allaah excluded the wife of Loot from the family of Loot (peace be upon him) with regard to survival, when He said (interpretation of the meaning): “(All) except the family of Loot. Them all we are surely, going to save (from destruction). Except his wife…”[al-Hijr  15:59-60] This indicates that the wife is part of the family.

The Sunnis quote another Quranic verse to checkmate the Shia

And (remember) when you (Muhammad SAW) left your household in the morning to post the believers at their stations for the battle (of Uhud). And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower. (Aali Imran 3:121)

The wives of Muhammad (saw) belonged to his household

Umm Salamah (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) put a cloak over Hasan, Husayn, Ali and Fatimah and prayed, “O Allah, they are people of my house and closest to me. Remove from them evil and purify them a perfect purification. ” Umm Salamah (RA) submitted, “Am I too with them, O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “Indeed you are on what is good.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/699) No. 3871 and Musnad Ahmad (6/304) No. 26639]

The above is called the hadith of the cloak or kisaa
We don't acknowledge anyone else as part of ahlul bayt
Allah (swt) pronounced all the wives of Muhammad (saw) as ahlul bayt in 33:33
You are not allowed to veto Allah

….O members of the family (of the Prophet SAW), and to purify you with a thorough purification. (Al-Ahzab 33:33)

And whenever Allah speaks about any Prophet
He always include his wives as a member of his household

Then We saved him and his family, except his wife; she was of those who remained behind (in the torment). (Al-A'raf 7:83)

In 7:83, Allah said Lut’s wife was a member of his household in the above ayah


And remember (O you the members of the Prophet's family, the Graces of your Lord), that which is recited in your houses of the Verses of Allah and Al­Hikmah (i.e. Prophet's Sunnah legal ways, etc. so give your thanks to Allah and glorify His Praises for this Qur'an and the Sunnah). Verily, Allah is Ever Most Courteous, Well­Acquainted with all things. (Al-Ahzab 33:34)

Allah (swt) is making mention of the Quran and the Sunnah
He called the Sunnah hikma (wisdom)
The Quran came down in the house of one wife, Ayesha (ra)
Why? Because Ayesha was the only virgin wife

The Prophet said, "O Um Salama! Don't trouble me by harming `Aisha, for by Allah, the Divine Inspiration never came to me while I was under the blanket of any woman amongst you except her." [Sahih Bukhari (5/30) No. 3775]

Ibn Umar narrated: "One of Umar's wives used to pray fajr and `isha' in congregation in the mosque. She was asked, `Why do you go out (to the mosque) when you know that `Umar dislikes this and is a jealous man?' She said, `What is stopping him from forbidding me (to do so)?' He said, `The words of the Messenger of Allah (SAW): 'Do not prevent the female servants of Allah from attending the mosques of Allah.'" [Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah (2/156) No. 7608 and al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Bayhaqi (3/189) No. 5370]

Ibn Umar narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Do not prevent your women from going to the mosques, although their houses are better for them." [Sunan Abu Dawud (1/155) No. 567 and Musnad Ahmad (2/76) No. 5468]

In some masajid there is a screen that is between the men and the women
Which prevents the women from seeing the imam giving the khutba
This practice is a bidha
They rasul (saw) never did this likewise the sahaba

Narrated By Salim bin 'Abdullah: My father said, "The Prophet said, 'If the wife of any one of you asks permission (to go to the mosque) do not forbid her." [al-Bukhari (5238) and Muslim (442)]

Question 1: Will the Muslim women who do tabarruj be in hellfire forever or for a while?

Answer 1: They will not be there forever
Tabarruj doesn't make you a kaafir

Question 2: If the wife asks her husband for a divorce for no reason is she sinful?

Answer 2: Yes, because of the following hadith

Thawban (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, ‘The woman who seeks divorce from her husband for no reason will not even smell the fragrance of Paradise.” [Sunan Abu Dawud (2/268) No. 2226, Sunan Tirmidhi (3/485) No. 1187, Sunan Ibn Majah (3/207) No. 2055, Sunan al-Darime (2/216) No. 2270, Musnad Ahmad (5/283) No. 22493] 

Question 3: Are Makkah and Madinah dar ar-ridda?

Answer 3: No, it is dar harb
Dar ar-ridda means you are calling the people of Makkah apostates
Pakistan can be called dar-ridda because they believe in democracy
So is Egypt
If you believe in democracy you are a freemason
Bangladesh is also dar-ridda
Islam began as something strange and will end as something strange.
Give good news to the strangers

Abu Hurayrah narrated: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Islam began as something strange and will revert to being strange as it began, so give glad tidings to the strangers.” [Sahih Muslim (1/130) No. 145]

Question 4: Where can I find the reference for the statement of Ali Ibn Abi Talib (ra) “If you want to recognize in which direction the most righteous among the Muslims are then see in which directions the arrows of Kuffar are going"?

Answer 4: Your question needs research

Question 5: What hujjah do madkhali use to support that you need action of heart to be considered a kafir?

Answer 5: They have no hujjah for this
Some girls worked magic on Hafsa (ra)
They were killed without checking what was in their hearts

Yahya related to me from Malik from Muhammad ibn Abd ar-Rahman ibn Sad ibn Zurara that he had heard that Hafsa, the wife of the Prophet (SAW), killed one of her slave-girls who had used sorcery against her. She was a mudabbara. Hafsa gave the order, and she was killed. [Muwatta Malik (2/458) No. 2876]

They followed what the Shayatin (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulaiman (Solomon). Sulaiman did not disbelieve, but the Shayatin (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Harut and Marut, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, "We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us)." And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah's Leave. And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their ownselves, if they but knew. (Al-Baqarah 2:102)

Narrated By Al-Bara' ibn Azib: I met my uncle who was carrying a standard. I asked him: 'Where are you going?' He said: 'The Apostle of Allah (SAW) has sent me to a man who has married his father's wife. He has ordered me to cut off his head and take his property.' [Sunan Abu Dawud (4/157) No. 4457, Sunan al-Nasa'i (6/109) No. 3332, Sunan al-Darime (2/205) No. 2239, Musnad Ahmad (4/290) No. 18580]

And marry not women whom your fathers married, except what has already passed; indeed it was shameful and most hateful, and an evil way. (An-Nisa 4:22)

This is the ayah he went against when he slept with his father’s wife

The Saudi salafi have pulled the wool over people for many years, but cannot do it anymore
However, they prey on new muslims - fresh reverts
Fresh from the church - fresh into Islam
The madkalis prey on these people
Because they don’t know about kufr bit taghut and al wala wal baraa