Thursday, April 23, 2015

(Notes & Audio) Science of Quran - Part 2 - The Wahy

Science Of Quran – Part 2 - The Wahy
By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal

Wednesday, 22nd April 2015

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Notes Typed live by AT19
Edited and formatted by BintZaki and AT38

The first part of the ‘Quranic Sciences’ series was on the 20 Names of the Holy Quran 
Today's topic is The Wahy 

What does the Wahy mean?
The Revelation of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) to His Prophets 
The purpose of the Wahy is to Guide mankind to the Straight Path 

Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) said: 

And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: "Verily, I am going to place (mankind) generations after generations on earth." They said: "Will You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood, - while we glorify You with praises and thanks (Exalted be You above all that they associate with You as partners) and sanctify You." He (Allah) said: "I know that which you do not know." (Al-Baqarah 2: 30)

Why did Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) Say to the angels, 'I Know that which you do not know'? 
The angels expressed their concerns to Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala), that man will abuse his freewill. 
Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) said, "I Know that which you know not" 
But what does this mean? 
It means I will not leave man in limbo 
I will reveal unto him Wahy to Guide him to the Straight Path 

The Purpose of creating us is to Worship Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) only:

And I (Allah) created not the jinns and humans except they should worship Me (Alone). (Adh-Dhariyat 51: 56)

We Worship Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) by obeying the Wahy
And when we rebel against the Wahy, we worship the shaitan.

It is kufr to rebel against the Wahy  
Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) said in Surah Ahzab Verse 36: 

It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed in a plain error. (Al-Ahzab 33: 36)

Another Evidence to prove it is kufr to rebel against the Wahy is in surah 4 Verse 65: 

But no, by your Lord, they can have no Faith, until they make you (O Muhammad SAW) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission. (An-Nisa 4: 65)

This is the evidence to prove that it is kufr to rebel against the Revelation 

Another evidence is in Baqarah Verse 34:

And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate yourselves before Adam.". And they prostrated except Iblis (Satan), he refused and was proud and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allah). (Al-Baqarah 2: 34)

These three Quranic Verses prove that it is kufr to rebel against the Wahy 

Whenever a non-Prophet receives a directive from Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala)
It is called an inspiration.
For example in Surah Nahl Verse 68, Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) said: 

And your Lord inspired the bee, saying: "Take you habitations in the mountains and in the trees and in what they erect. (An-Nahl 16: 68)

Even though the word "oha" is used, you cannot say Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) sent revelation to the bees.

When the mother of Musa (‘alayhi salatu wa salam) received a directive from Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) to put him in the basket, she acted against her motherly instinct
The mother of Musa (‘alayhi salatu wa salam) was Inspired to put him in the basket 
She acted against her motherly instinct because she was inspired.

Whenever a human or a jinn receives a directive from the shaitan to do something evil it is called, instigation 

Therefore, revelation can only be used for Prophets 
If you are a non-prophet, we say you were inspired to do a thing 
Revelation is something divine and we only use the Word "Revelation" for Prophets.


Is to purify us from kufr, shirk and zandaqa as Mentioned in Surah Jumu’ah Verse 2:

He it is Who sent among the unlettered ones a Messenger (Muhammad SAW) from among themselves, reciting to them His Verses, purifying them (from the filth of disbelief and polytheism), and teaching them the Book (this Qur'an, Islamic laws and Islamic jurisprudence) and Al-Hikmah (As-Sunnah: legal ways, orders, acts of worship, etc. of Prophet Muhammad SAW). And verily, they had been before in mainfest error; (Al-Jumu'ah 62: 2)

Polytheism and disbelief is kufr, shirk and zandaqa
The Kitab is the Quran and the Hikmah is the hadith

The authentic hadith of the Prophet Muhammad (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) is also Wahy
Verses 3 & 4 in surah Najm are the verses used by the ulema to prove this:

Nor does he speak of (his own) desire. (An-Najm 53: 3)
It is only an Inspiration that is inspired. (An-Najm 53: 4)

These ayaat prove that the Authentic Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) are also Wahy
So, the way Muhammad (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) taught you how to pray, fast, perform Hajj and Umrah is all Wahy and must be obeyed
Muhammad (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) doesn't speak from desire, he speaks from wahy

No Prophet will come after Muhammad (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam)
But does Wahy continue or it has stopped?
Wahy continues and Wahy will continue until Judgment Day
The evidence for this is in the following hadith:

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (RA) narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “True dreams are one of the forty-six parts of Prophethood.” [al-Bukhari (6989) and Muslim (2263)]

Wahy continues in the form of a true dream until the Day of Judgement (DOJ)

The dream of a Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) is Wahy
When Abraham (‘alayhi salatu wa salam) was commanded to sacrifice his son, the commandment came in the form of a dream:

And, when he (his son) was old enough to walk with him, he said: "O my son! I have seen in a dream that I am slaughtering you (offer you in sacrifice to Allah), so look what you think!" He said: "O my father! Do that which you are commanded, Insha' Allah (if Allah will), you shall find me of As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.)." (As-Saffat 37: 102)

The son that Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) speaks of in this Verse is Ismael (‘alayhi salatu wa salam)
There is a 13 year age gap between Ismael (‘alayhi salatu wa salam) and his younger brother Isaac (‘alayhi salatu wa salam)

Another evidence used by the scholars to prove that the dream of the Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) is Wahy is:

Indeed Allah shall fulfil the true vision which He showed to His Messenger (SAW) [i.e. the Prophet SAW saw a dream that he has entered Makkah along with his companions, having their (head) hair shaved and cut short] in very truth. Certainly, you shall enter Al Masjid al Haram; if Allah wills, secure, (some) having your heads shaved, and (some) having your head hair cut short, having no fear. He knew what you knew not, and He granted besides that a near victory. (Al-Fath 48: 27)

Why did Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) say, "Certainly, you shall enter Masjid al Haram’?
Because the dream of the Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) is Wahy

The Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) saw himself in a dream getting married to Ayesha (radiyallahu ‘anha) long before the marriage took place:

Narrated By 'Aisha: Allah's Apostle said (to me), "You were shown to me twice in (my) dream. Behold, a man was carrying you in a silken piece of cloth and said to me, "She is your wife, so uncover her,' and behold, it was you. I would then say (to myself), 'If this is from Allah, then it must happen.'"[Sahih Bukhari, Vol 9, Book 87, Hadith #139]

And We inspired the mother of Musa (Moses), (saying) : "Suckle him [Musa (Moses)], but when you fear for him, then cast him into the river and fear not, nor grieve. Verily! We shall bring him back to you, and shall make him one of (Our) Messengers." (Al-Qasas 28: 7)

If a non-prophet was given a Directive by Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala), it is called an inspiration as mentioned in the above ayah (see Qasas: 7)

When the shaytan gives you a directive, it is called instigation
Revelation, inspiration and instigation
You should know the difference, or you could easily become a deviant


The Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) received six types of Wahy from Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala)
These six types were mentioned in Quran and Sunnah



Narrated Aisha: Al Harith bin Hisham asked the Prophet, “How does the divine inspiration come to you?" He replied, “In all these ways: The Angel sometimes comes to me with a voice which resembles the sound of a ringing bell, and when this state abandons me, I remember what the Angel has said, and this type of Divine Inspiration is the hardest on me; and sometimes the Angel comes to me in the shape of a man and talks to me, and I understand and remember what he says.” Bukhari: Vol. 4, Book 54, Hadith 438

The angel Gabriel (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) came in the form of a very handsome sahabi called, Dihyal Al-Kalbi (radiyallahu ‘anhu)

The Holy Prophet (saw) said: …that was Jibril, peace be upon you, who came down in the form of Dihyah Al-Kalbi.’” Sunan an-Nasa’i: Vol. 6, Book 47, Hadith 4994


What is the complexion of Angel Gabriel?
It is silver

... Aysha (RA)...But of course, Muhammad (SAW) did see Jibril and he saw him in his real appearance only twice, once at the sidrat ul muntaha and the second time at Jiyad, he has six hundred wings that covered the horizon." [Tirmidhi 3289, Ahmed 26099, Bukhari 3234, Muslim 177]

I don't have any evidence that the Angel appeared in his angelic form in front of the sahabah
When the Angel came to ask the 5 questions to the Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) he came in the form of an Arab


Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (RA) narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “True dreams are one of the forty-six parts of Prophethood.” [al-Bukhari (6989) and Muslim (2263)]

When Yusuf (‘alayhi salatu wa salam) saw the sun and the moon along with 11 stars prostrating to him, that is Wahy
His father, Yaqub (‘alayhi salatu wa salam) was a wise prophet,
He knew the interpretation of the dream.
He told his son not to tell his brothers the dream:

(Remember) when Yusuf (Joseph) said to his father: "O my father! Verily, I saw (in a dream) eleven stars and the sun and the moon, I saw them prostrating themselves to me." (Yusuf 12: 4)
He (the father) said: "O my son! Relate not your vision to your brothers, lest they arrange a plot against you. Verily! Shaitan (Satan) is to man an open enemy! (Yusuf 12: 5)

How do you get a true dream?
Make wudu, recite the Quls and sleep on your right side.
This maximizes your chances of having a true dream


This is done from behind a veil
The Veil of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) is Light
Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) spoke about this in surah Baqarah Verse 253:

Those Messengers! We preferred some to others; to some of them Allah spoke (directly); others He raised to degrees (of honour) (Al-Baqarah 2: 253)

Then fifty prayers were enjoined on me. I descended till I met Moses who asked me, 'What have you done?' I said, 'Fifty prayers have been enjoined on me.' He said, 'I know the people better than you, because I had the hardest experience to bring Bani Israel to obedience. Your followers cannot put up with such obligation. So, return to your Lord and request Him (to reduce the number of prayers.' [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 4, Book 54, Hadith #429]

Another example is the above hadith

You can only see Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) when you enter paradise
As of now, the Hijab of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) is Light.
The evidence used is in surah Qiyamah Verses 22-23:

Some faces that Day shall be Nadirah (shining and radiant). (Al-Qiyamah 75: 22)
Looking at their Lord (Allah); (Al-Qiyamah 75: 23)

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Dharr: I asked the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him): Did you see thy Lord? He said: He is a light; how could I see Him? [Sahih Muslim, Book 1, Hadith #0341]

The other evidenced is in surah Qaf Verse 35:

There they will have all that they desire, and We have more (for them, i.e. a glance at the All-Mighty, All-Majestic). (Qaf 50: 35)

This is the evidence used by the scholars to say that you will see Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) when you enter the Paradise. The ‘extra’ (….and We have more…) here is seeing Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala)

To look at the face of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala)
That is called the Mazeed (extra)


The scholars say that the Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) was inspired to sign the treaty of Hudabiya,
When he (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) signed the treaty, Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) sent the following verse:

Verily, We have given you (O Muhammad SAW) a manifest victory. (Al-Fath 48: 1)

Some say the victory here is the conquest of Khaibar.
Others say it is the conquest of Makkah but the victory is the treaty itself
If you have an enemy like Quraish who can muster a 10,000 strong army to fight you
Then it is wise to sign a peace treaty with them and concentrate on the others
Because it is insanity to open too many war fronts
Thus the treaty of Hudabiya was a victory

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