Saturday, May 30, 2015

(Notes & Audio) Science Of Quran - Part 11 - The Causes Of Revelation – Al Ma'idah 2

Science Of Quran - Part 11 - The Causes Of Revelation – Al Ma'idah 2
By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
Wednesday 27th May 2015



Download Audio


NOTES TYPED LIVE BY AT19
EDITED AND FORMATTED BY AT38

Surah Mai'dah 5:100

Why did Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) reveal 5:100?

Say (O Muhammad SAW): "Not equal are Al­Khabīth (all that is evil and bad as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.) and At­Taiyib (all that is good as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.), even though the abundance of Al-Khabīth (evil) may please you." So fear Allāh much [(abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden) and love Allāh much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)], O men of understanding in order that you may be successful. (Al-Ma'idah 5:100)

According to the scholars of tafsir, the Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) said to his sahabah (radiyallahu ‘anhum) that Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) made shirk, alcohol, and the slandering of lineage haram
Slandering of lineage is among the 4 things the ummah will never give up

Abu Malik al-Ashari narrated the Prophet (SAW) said: ”There are four matters of jaahiliyyah that exist among my ummah and they will not give them up: boasting about one’s forefathers, casting aspersions upon people’s lineages, seeking rain by the stars and wailing for the dead.” [Sahih Muslim (Vol. 2 pg. 644) No. 934]

A bedouin stood up and said trading in wine used to be his job and he made money from it Would it be of any benefit to him if he use it in Allah's (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) obedience?

The Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) said if he spends it for hajj, jihad or sadaqa
It won’t benefit him because Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) is good and only accepts that which is good

On the authority of Abu Hurairah, who said : the messenger of Allah said : "Allah the Almighty is good and accepts only that which is good. Allah has commanded the faithful to do that which he commanded the messengers, and the Almighty has said: "O ye messengers ! Eat of the good things and do right". And Allah the Almighty has said : "O ye who believe! Eat of the good things wherewith We have provided you" Then he mentioned [the case of] a man who, having journeyed far, is dishevelled and dusty and who spreads out his hands to the sky [saying] : "O Lord! O Lord!" - while his food is unlawful, his drink unlawful, his clothing unlawful, and he is nourished unlawfully, so how can he be answered!" related by Muslim 

So Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) revealed 5:100 showing that not all deeds are equal
Whether they are good or evil

There is difference of opinion among the scholars regarding the following hadith:

Anas ibn Maalik reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) cursed ten man concerning wine. 1. One who extracts it. 2. One who gets it extracted. 3. One who drinks it. 4. One who delivers it. 5. One to whom it is brought. 6. One who serves it. 7. One who sells it. 8. One who receives its price. 9. One who buys it. 10. One for whom it is bought. [Sunan Tirmidhi (3/581-582) No. 1295 and Sunan Ibn Majah (4/468) No. 3381]

These are the 10 people who are cursed regarding alcohol
Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah) says this hadith only applies to darul Islam (The Islamic State) But you are allowed to sell alcohol in darul harb
Countries like Burma, Russia, China, Israel etc are examples of darul harb
They kill muslims and imprison them
Because they will go to hell anyway, so you can sell them haram alcohol
Abu Hanifah also says you can bank your money in banks (in darul harb) and collect riba
These are the rules of darul harb
He also says you can gamble with them if you are sure you cannot miss
However, you cannot do any of these things in the Islamic State

The Hanbali madhab disagrees with the fatwa of Abu Hanifah
It make is haram to sell alcohol whether in darul harb or darul Islam
The correct opinion in this issue is Abu Hanifah

Imam Azam Abu Hanifa and Imam Muhammad states that it is ok for a Muslim living in a non-Muslim country to get interest from non-Muslims, to sell drink and pork to non-Muslims and even to gamble with them if it is certain to win; since these acts are legal for the non-Muslims, and Muslims’ benefiting from these acts can be considered as some kind of ganimah (treasure won in war). [Al-Mughni]

Surah 5:101

What did Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) say in 5:101 and why was it revealed?

O you who believe! Ask not about things which, if made plain to you, may cause you trouble. But if you ask about them while the Qur'ān is being revealed, they will be made plain to you. Allāh has forgiven that, and Allāh is Oft­Forgiving, Most Forbearing. (Al-Ma'idah 5:101)

According to the scholars of tafsir the Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) was with his companions and said they should perform Hajj
A man shouted out asking “every year?" he repeated it three times

Abu Hurayra said, "The Messenger of Allah (SAW), addressed us and said, 'O people. Allah has made the hajj obligatory for you, so go on hajj.' A man said, 'Every year, Messenger of Allah?' He was silent until the man had said it three times. The Messenger of Allah (SAW) then said, 'If I said yes, it would become obligatory and you would be unable to do it.' Then he said, 'Let me be when I refrain from mentioning something to you. Those before you were destroyed by the quantity of their questions and their disagreement with their Prophets. When I command you to do something, then do it as much as you can. When I forbid you to do something, then leave off doing it." [Sahih Muslim (2/975) No. 1337] & Muslim: (7/71) Hadith: 3095]

The Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) only made hajj once in his lifetime
And he was the best to walk on earth
Many make hajj many times in their life time
I am not criticizing them but just reminding them of what the rasul (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) did

The above Hadith details the reasons why Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) revealed 5:101
To ask many questions is a quality of the Jews
Excessive questioning is not a good trait

When Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) revealed 2:67
They kept asking questions about the cow to Prophet Musa (‘alayhi salatu wa salam)
So Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) made it difficult for them

And (remember) when Mûsa (Moses) said to his people: "Verily, Allāh commands you that you slaughter a cow." They said, "Do you make fun of us?" He said, "I take Allāh's Refuge from being among Al-Jāhilûn (the ignorants or the foolish)." (Al-Baqarah 2:67)

The rasul (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) said if they had sacrificed any cow
Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) would have accepted it from them

Surah 5:105

Why did Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) reveal 5:105 and what did He say?

O you who believe! Take care of your ownselves, [do righteous deeds, fear Allāh much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden) and love Allāh much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)]. If you follow the right guidance and enjoin what is right (Islāmic Monotheism and all that Islām orders one to do) and forbid what is wrong (polytheism, disbelief and all that Islām has forbidden) no hurt can come to you from those who are in error. The return of you all is to Allāh, then He will inform you about (all) that which you used to do. (Al-Ma'idah 5:105)

According to the scholars of tafsir the Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) sent a letter to the people of Hajar
Their chief was called Mundhir Ibn Sawa
In the letter he was inviting them to Islam
When the leader received the letter, he showed it to the Arabs, Jews, Christians, Magians, and also the Sabians - these people were his flock
In the letter, the Rasool (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) said they should embrace Islam or pay Jizya
They didn't like the idea of embracing Islam so they agreed to pay jizya
But the Rasool (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) wrote a second letter which included a directive
He said "as for the pagan Arabs, embrace Islam or face the sword" - no jizya for the Arabs
When they received the 2nd letter, the pagan Arabs decided to embrace Islam and not fight
Because of this Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) revealed 5:105

People like to quote 2:256

There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Tāghût and believes in Allāh, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allāh is All-Hearer, All-Knower. (Al-Baqarah 2:256)

And they think they understand this ayah saying it is unethical to force a pagan to embrace Islam.
So the Buddhist, Hindu, Yazidi etc should not be forced to embrace Islam
But Shaikh Bin Baaz said otherwise

FATWA OF TAKING JIZYA BY BIN BAAZ

Some friends say that whoever does not enter Islam, that is his choice and he should not be forced to become Muslim, quoting as evidence the verses in which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed, all of them together. So, will you (O Muhammad) then compel mankind, until they become believers” [Yoonus 10:99]
“There is no compulsion in religion” [al-Baqarah 2:256]  What is your opinion concerning that?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The scholars explained that these two verses, and other similar verses, have to do with those from whom the jizyah may be taken, such as Jews, Christians and Magians (Zoroastrians). They are not to be forced, rather they are to be given the choice between becoming Muslim or paying the jizyah. Other scholars said that this applied in the beginning, but was subsequently abrogated by Allaah’s command to fight and wage jihad. So whoever refuses to enter Islam should be fought when the Muslims are able to fight, until they either enter Islam or pay the jizyah if they are among the people who may pay jizyah. The kuffaar should be compelled to enter Islam if they are not people from whom the jizyah may be taken, because that will lead to their happiness and salvation in this world and in the Hereafter. Obliging a person to adhere to the truth in which is guidance and happiness is better for him than falsehood. Just as a person may be forced to do the duty that he owes to other people even if that is by means of imprisonment or beating, so forcing the kaafirs to believe in Allaah alone and enter into the religion of Islam is more important and more essential, because this will lead to their happiness in this world and in the Hereafter. This applies unless they are People of the Book, i.e., Jews and Christians, or Magians, because Islam says that these three groups may be given the choice: they may enter Islam or they may pay the jizyah and feel themselves subdued. Majmoo’ Fataawa wa Maqaalaat li’l-Shaykh Ibn Baaz, 6/219

What he is saying is that, you are allowed to force people in matters regarding dunya
For example you force one to give another man back his rights
People are forced to pay car insurance, health insurance etc
Likewise you are allowed to force a man to give Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) His rights
Only Jews, Christians and Zoroastrians should not be forced
Because they have jizya as an option

When you hear the Dawla saying to the Yazidis to embrace Islam or face the sword
You cannot criticize them because the Yazidis worship satan
The Caliph (hafidhahullah) is merciful to them
He gave them the option to leave if they don’t want to embrace Islam

The kuffaar want to kill him but a more brutal caliph will come
They killed Abu Mus’ab Al Zarqawi (rahimahullah) and today we have the caliphate
These kuffaar are very stupid and narrow minded
The greatest loss to the Ummah was the Prophet Muhammad (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam)
So if you kill a Muslim leader today, it will not cause Islam to die, another leader will rise up
Egypt, Persia, Roman Empire etc were all conquered after his death


Surah 5:106-107
What did Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) say in 5:106 & 107 and why did He reveal it?

O you who believe! When death approaches any of you, and you make a bequest, then take the testimony of two just men of your own folk or two others from outside, if you are travelling through the land and the calamity of death befalls you. Detain them both after As-Salāt (the prayer), (then) if you are in doubt (about their truthfulness), let them both swear by Allāh (saying): "We wish not for any worldly gain in this, even though he (the beneficiary) be our near relative. We shall not hide Testimony of Allāh, for then indeed we should be of the sinful." (Al-Ma'idah 5:106)

If then it gets known that these two had been guilty of sin, let two others stand forth in their places, nearest in kin from among those who claim a lawful right. Let them swear by Allāh (saying): "We affirm that our testimony is truer than that of both of them, and that we have not trespassed (the truth), for then indeed we should be of the wrong­doers." (Al-Ma'idah 5:107)

Tamim Ad-Dari and Adiyy Ibn Badda used to travel to Makkah
On one occasion a man from Quraysh came with them
He was from the tribe of Banu Sahm but he died after traveling with them
This man from Quraysh traveled with them to a foreign land far away from his relatives
When he realised he was going to die, he entrusted them with his belongings
With the understanding that they would give his things to his family
When the two men arrived, they handed over his belongings
But they kept a silver bowl adorned with layers of gold
They denied having seen the bowl when they were asked about it
The two men were taken to the Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) to adjudicate in the matter
The Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) asked them to say wallahi
They neither saw the bowl nor kept it for themselves
They lied and said wallahi and were set free by the Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam)
Later in the week the bowl was found with some people in Makkah
People asked them where they got the bowl from
They said we brought it from Adiyya Ibn Badda and Ad-Dari
The family of the deceased took the bowl away from them and said it belongs to their relative who died on a journey
They said they had a right over the bowl not the buyer because the buyer purchased stolen goods
When they took the bowl, Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) revealed 5:106 - 107

O you who believe! When death approaches any of you, and you make a bequest, then take the testimony of two just men of your own folk or two others from outside, if you are travelling through the land and the calamity of death befalls you. Detain them both after As-Salāt (the prayer), (then) if you are in doubt (about their truthfulness), let them both swear by Allāh (saying): "We wish not for any worldly gain in this, even though he (the beneficiary) be our near relative. We shall not hide Testimony of Allāh, for then indeed we should be of the sinful." (Al-Ma'idah 5:106)

If then it gets known that these two had been guilty of sin, let two others stand forth in their places, nearest in kin from among those who claim a lawful right. Let them swear by Allāh (saying): "We affirm that our testimony is truer than that of both of them, and that we have not trespassed (the truth), for then indeed we should be of the wrong­doers." (Al-Ma'idah 5:107)

In the time of the Rasool (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) when the people say wallahi and lie, Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) revealed an ayah to expose them
But today, many people still do this but they will be dealt with on the Day Of Judgement
Because we don't have the Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) with us today
They think they can get away with their fake wallahi
But let me warn you, if you use Allah's (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) name and lie
On Day Of Judgement your punishment will be double

Abu Dhar Al-Ghifari narrated that the Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) once said, "Three (kinds of people) will neither be spoken to by Allah on the Day of Resurrection, nor looked at, nor purified (from their sins), and shall receive a painful torment." He repeated that thrice, so Abu Dhar said, "They are failures and losers. Who are they, Messenger of Allah?" The Prophet replied, "Al-musbil (the one dragging his lower garment), the one who is used to reminding people of his generosity towards them, and the one who sells his goods through false swearing" (Muslim).


Question 1: salamun Alaika sheikh. Does Imam Abu Hanifa use the hujjah of the Sahabi Abu Baseer (radiyallahu ‘anhu) for his fatawa of dar harb in respect to selling alcohol, pork, etc?

Answer 1: His argument is that these people will die and be in the hellfire forever
So you can sell them pork, alcohol and take riba from their banks
Note that the Hanbalis reject this fatwa
All the four great Imams do not agree
According to my research only Muhammad AS- Shaibani (one of the top students of Abu Hanifa) agreed with him but Abu Yusuf (the other top student) didn’t agree with him
Hanbalis don't allow it but Abu Hanifah allows it
Abu Hanifah's opinion is the correct opinion

Like Zakatul Fitr
Some scholars say you can only pay it in grains – rice, barley etc
Abu Hanifah said you can pay with money because it is easier to transport

Another opinion of Abu Hanifah is that Salatul Eid is fard because if it clashes with Jumuah it takes precedence over Jumuah
Even Ibn Taymiyyah agrees with this opinion though he is hanbali
If the two salah should clash, the Eid cancels Jumuah
Even menstruating woman are not allowed to stay home for Eid


Question 2: As salaam aleykum Shaikh. Please can you reiterate your statement on the man who drags his pants as pride. Kindly explain that phrase.

Answer 2:

Ibn 'Umar reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, "On the Day of Rising Allah will not look anyone who drags his garment out of arrogance." Abu Bakr said, "My wrapper drags if I do not pay attention to it." The Messenger of Allah said to him, "You are not one of those who do it out of pride." [Sahih Bukhari (5/6) No. 3665]

The hadith is referring to the izaar not the trouser
It is not the culture of any one around the world to drag their clothing for pride
The only time you will be cursed by Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) for wearing your clothing below the ankle is if you do so for pride
Pride has to be involved
Actions are but by intention

Umar ibn al-Khattab said, 'I heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW), say, "Actions only go by intentions. Everyone gets what they intend..." [Al-Bukhari (1) and Muslim (1907)]

There are Muslims living in very cold countries and if they should wear it below the ankle
They are not doing anything wrong
If their trousers should be above the ankle, they may freeze


Question 3: Taking riba is allowed, how is that possible no matter where you live?

Answer 3: Abu Hanifa said when you live in darul harb, you can take riba and his opinion is correct
You are not allowed to eat the riba but you can use it for car insurance, taxes etc
Because these things are haram
It is called money for nothing

4:29 makes car insurance haram

O you who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves unjustly except it be a trade amongst you, by mutual consent. And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allāh is Most Merciful to you. (An-Nisa 4:29)

The people who pay car insurance are forced to pay it

Life insurance is also haram, people will kill you for the insurance money

Shaikh Ibn Jabreen told me life insurance is haram
Many men and women are killed for life insurance
Sometimes women hire hitmen to kill their husbands and run away with the lover after collecting the money
You can also give the riba away in charity but don’t expect reward from it
These are called the rules are darul harb

Narrated By Abu Huraira: I have memorized two kinds of knowledge from Allah's Apostle . I have propagated one of them to you and if I propagated the second, then my pharynx (throat) would be cut (i.e. killed). [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Book 3, Hadith #121]