Sunday, May 10, 2015

(Notes & Audio) Science Of Quran - Part 6&7 -The Causes Of Revelation

Science of Quran - Part 6&7 -The Causes of Revelation
By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
Wednesday 6th May 2015

Part 6

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Part 7

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Notes typed live by AT7 and AT19 
Edited and formatted by BintZaki and AT19

CAUSES OF REVELATIONS (Surah Baqarah) Part 6

There are 114 Chapters in the Quran, thus many reasons for Revelation
But we are only able to discuss a few Ayaats.

Surah Baqarah Verse 188

Why did Allah Reveal Ayah 188 in surah Baqarah?

And eat up not one another's property unjustly (in any illegal way e.g. stealing, robbing, deceiving, etc.), nor give bribery to the rulers (judges before presenting your cases) that you may knowingly eat up a part of the property of others sinfully. (Baqarah 2:188)

There was a land dispute between Abdan ibn Ashu and Imra al Qays. When this happened Allah Revealed the above Ayah. When the Ayah came down, before the Prophet SAW passed a verdict, even Abdan ibn Ashu relinquished the land and it was given to the latter because he knew Imra al Qays was the rightful owner.

Ikrimah, Al-Hasan, Qatadah, As Suddi, Muqatil bin Hayan and Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam. They all stated, "Do not dispute when you know that you are being unjust.''

In some countries people will kill over such a dispute. People get fake documents to claim for lands that are not theirs. It is unfortunate that such fraud happens in countries where Shariah is not established. Such crime would not be tolerated in Shariah run states The Divine system Helps generate the cream of society, as we can see in the dispute between Imra al Qays and Abdan ibn Ashu.

Surah Baqarah Verse 208 was Revealed because some of the Jews in Madinah took their shahadah but still clung to parts of the Torah:
O you, who have believed, enter into Islam completely [and perfectly] and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy. (2:208 sahih intern.)

Some jews of Madinah took shahada but hung on to the shariah of Moses (as). For example, according to the shariah of Moses (as), some types of fishes in the sea are haram. But according to the shariah of Muhammad (saw) all types of fishes in the sea are allowed.

There are some differences of opinions in regards to what constitutes as a fish. Uthaymeen states in his fatawa that crocodiles are halal to eat. With due respect, I think I will not take this opinion and refrain from having salt water crocodile as a meal.

Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, after stating that it is more likely that it is permissible to eat crocodiles and other sea creatures: The correct view is that they are not excluded from that, and that all sea creatures that live only in water are halaal, whether alive or dead, because of the general meaning of the verse that we have quoted above i.e., the verse (interpretation of the meaning): Lawful to you is (the pursuit of) water game and its use for food al-Maa'idah 5:96. Al-Sharh al-Mumtiâ (15/35).

Abu Hanifa (rh) said all fish are halal with the exception of sea snakes. Abu Hanifa viewed this Ayah (Maidah: 96) as Zanni (speculative) rather than Qati (definitive). 
 
Another example of how the Jews in Madinah held on to some parts of the shariah of Moses (as) after taking shahadah, was when they refused to eat camel meat and drink camel milk. This was because camel meat and milk were not halal in the shariah of Moses (as). But according to the Shariah of Muhammad (saw) the camel meat and its milk is halal. This was the reasoning behind the Revelation of Verse 208 in Surah Baqarah.

Surah Baqarah Verse 221

And do not marry Al-Mushrikat (idolatresses, etc.) till they believe (worship Allah Alone). And indeed a slave woman who believes is better than a (free) Mushrikah (idolatress, etc.), even though she pleases you. And give not (your daughters) in marriage to Al-Mushrikun till they believe (in Allah Alone) and verily, a believing slave is better than a (free) Mushrik (idolater, etc.), even though he pleases you. Those (Al-Mushrikun) invite you to the Fire, but Allah invites (you) to Paradise and Forgiveness by His Leave, and makes His Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) clear to mankind that they may remember. (Al-Baqarah 2: 221)

Before Islam, a sahaba used to have a girl friend that he was intimate with. When he took shahada, he migrated to Madinah and did not see her till he went back to Makkah for business. When she saw him, she wanted to get back together with him but he refused and explained that he was not the same person she used to know, i.e. He had accepted Islam.

So instead he asked her to marry him, so that they can be intimate with each other inside a nikkah. This is when Allah Revealed the Ayah above (Baqarah: 221), to stop the marriage.
 
He was a Muslim man and she was a mushrik woman, a mushrika, and Allah said not to marry the mushrika until they embrace Islam. Then Allah said not to give your daughters to mushrik men until they believe in Allah. This marriage is haram even though the mushrik may impress you. If a Muslim girl marries a Buddhist, Hindu or Sikh boy, it is called zina because the marriage is not Accepted. Likewise, if a Muslim man marries a Hindu or Sikh girl, it is also baatil (null and void) and relations between the pair is zina. 

So, what about a Muslim boy marrying a Christian girl? Hudhayfah ibn Yamam married a Christian girl and Omar ibn al Khattab wrote to him telling him to divorce her. The man protested that it was a halal marriage but Omar quoted him the Ayah in Maidah:51
 
O you who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians as Auliya' (friends, protectors, helpers, etc.), they are but Auliya' to one another. And if any amongst you takes them as Auliya', then surely he is one of them. Verily, Allah guides not those people who are the Zalimun (polytheists and wrongdoers and unjust). (Al-Ma'idah 5: 51)

Omar told Hudhayfah, if you marry these women who will marry your Muslim sisters.

Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “… as this is the case, it is better not to marry a woman of the people of the Book, because ‘Umar said to those who married women of the people of the Book: ‘Divorce them,’ so they divorced them, except Hudhayfah.

Umar said to him: ‘Divorce her.’ (Hudhayfah) said: ‘Do you bear witness that she is haraam?’ He said: ‘She is a live coal, divorce her.’ He said: ‘Do you bear witness that she is haraam?’ He said: ‘She is a live coal.’ He said: ‘I know that she is a live coal, but she is permissible for me.’ A while later, he divorced her and it was said to him: ‘Why did you not divorce her when ‘Umar commanded you to?’

He said: ‘I did not want the people to think that I had done something wrong (by marrying her).’ Perhaps he was fond of her or perhaps they had a child together so he was fond of her.” Al-Mughni, 7/99

If you do a search on the internet for the Top 10 promiscuous countries, you will get Christian countries:

TOP 10 COUNTRIES FOR PROMISCUITY:
1. Finland
2. New Zealand
3. Slovenia
4. Lithuania
5. Austria
6. Latvia
7. Croatia
8. Israel
9. Bolivia
10. Argentina

(Source: David Schmitt, Bradley University)

Omar was afraid what if he married a loose woman. So he asked him to divorce her. Christian girls are very loose. You are only allowed to marry a Christian girl if there are no Muslim girls available.

Did you know, Allah used the word ‘girl-friend’ in the Quran? Surah Maidah Verse 5:

Made lawful to you this day are AtTayyibat [all kinds of Halal (lawful) foods, which Allah has made lawful (meat of slaughtered eatable animals, etc., milk products, fats, vegetables and fruits, etc.). The food (slaughtered cattle, eatable animals, etc.) of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) is lawful to you and yours is lawful to them. (Lawful to you in marriage) are chaste women from the believers and chaste women from those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) before your time, when you have given their due Mahr (bridal money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage), desiring chastity (i.e. taking them in legal wedlock) not committing illegal sexual intercourse, nor taking them as girl-friends. And whosoever disbelieves in the Oneness of Allah and in all the other Articles of Faith [i.e. His (Allah's), Angels, His Holy Books, His Messengers, the Day of Resurrection and AlQadar (Divine Preordainments)], then fruitless is his work, and in the Hereafter he will be among the losers. (Al-Ma'idah 5: 5)

Surah Baqarah Verse 222

The reason why Allah revealed Surah Baqarah Verse 222 is because the Jews in Madinah were extreme in their behavior towards their menstruating wives:

They ask you concerning menstruation. Say: that is an Adha (a harmful thing for a husband to have a sexual intercourse with his wife while she is having her menses), therefore keep away from women during menses and go not unto them till they have purified (from menses and have taken a bath). And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as Allah has ordained for you (go in unto them in any manner as long as it is in their vagina). Truly, Allah loves those who turn unto Him in repentance and loves those who purify themselves (by taking a bath and cleaning and washing thoroughly their private parts, bodies, for their prayers, etc.). (Al-Baqarah 2:222)

Jewish women who were menstruating were not allowed to cook for their families, or sleep in the same place as them. They were kept in isolation and the sahaba found this very strange. So they asked the Prophet (saw).

This is when Allah revealed the Ayah above (Baqarah: 222) to tell the Muslims how to treat their menstruating women. Allah said they should not have intercourse during their menses, and to wait until they are purified.

Purified’ means the menstruation has stopped and they have taken ghusl
i.e. if your wife has stopped menstruating but not had ghusl yet, intercourse is haram.

Did you know, a menstruating woman is even allowed to touch the Quran?
Those who refuse this fact use a weak hadith to refute it. Or they use (Waqiah: 79) to prove they can’t touch the Quran whilst they are on their menses.

Which (that Book with Allah) none can touch but the purified (i.e. the angels). (Al-Waqi'ah 56: 79)

This is a weak argument BECAUSE the above Ayah (Waqiah: 79) is not talking about menstruating women; it is speaking about the angels, and how they brought down the Quran not the accursed Shaytaan. This Ayah was Revealed to refute the Kuffar of Quraysh:

That (this) is indeed an honourable recital (the Noble Qur'an). (Al-Waqi'ah 56: 77)

Meaning it is not shaytan bringing revelation to Muhammad (saw), but it is the purified angels

In a Book well-guarded (with Allah in the heaven i.e. Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz). (Al-Waqi'ah 56: 78)

Which (that Book with Allah) none can touch but the purified (i.e. the angels). (Al-Waqi'ah 56: 79)

This Ayah is not talking about menstruating women. Bilal Philips has explained this in great detail in his book, "Islamic Ruling on Menstruation and Post Natal Bleeding"

Although many scholars have prohibited menstruating women and people in the state of sexual defilement (junub) from reciting the Qur’an or touching it, Imaam al-Bukhaaree took the position that there was no authentic evidence to support such position and that it was in fact permitted. In support of his view he mentioned the positions of some of the early scholars who also permitted reciting and touching the Qur'an in order to show that the prohibition of menstruating women from reciting the Qur'an was not unanimous among scholars of the past. (Fat-h-al-Baaree, vol. 1 p. 305)

Ibn Taymeeyah said, "The prohibition of women from reading the Qur'an has no basis in either the Qur'an or the Sunnah. The statement attributed to the Prophet SAW "The menstruating woman or person sexually defiled (junub) should not read anything of the Qur'an" is NOT authentic according to the unanimous opinion of the hadeeth scholars.

Undoubtedly women used to menstruate during the Prophet's era and if recitation of the Qur'an was prohibited as formal prayer was prohibited, the Prophet SAW would have explained it to his followers and his wives, and it would have been transmitted to us. Consequently, since no prohibition has been transmitted from the Prophet SAW, it is not permissible to declare it haraam (forbidden) while knowing that he did not prohibit it. And if he did not prohibit it in spite of the many cases of menstruation during his time, it is obvious that it is not haraam
(al-Majmoo' vol. 26 p. 191)

Ibraaheem an-Nakha'ee (scholar among the students of the companions) said: "There is no harm in menstruating women reciting a Qur'anic verse. (It was also the opinion of Imam Maalik) (Vol. 1 p. 182 chap.. 9 of Sahih Al Bukhari) Imaam Al-Bukhari mentioned this incidence in order to prove that since the Prophet sent verses of the Qur'an to the pagans who were in a state of defilement, a menstruating woman should be able to read the Qur'an.

Fatawah or Islamic Rulings about some Important Issues by Sheikh Nasir-ud-Din-Al Albani 

Q. - Is it prohibited to recite the Qur'an without wudoo? 

A. - It is preferable to recite it upon purification. The hadeeth of the Messenger's making tayammum to reply to "as-Salaamu' alaikum" It is not forbidden to recite it without wudoo.

As for the woman in her state of nifas or in after-birth confinement, then nothing prevents her from reciting the Qur'an. The hadeeth that At-Tirmidhee reported from Ibn 'Umar (r) that the Messenger SAW said: "The woman ill with her period and the junub man may not recite the Qur'an" that is a 'munkar' hadeeth, as the Imaam of Sunnah Ahmad Ibn Hanbal says it is not authentic. Rather we have the hadeeth of Aisha (r) that the Messenger SAW said to her when she made Hajj and she had her period: "Do everything the pilgrim does except prayer and tawaaf." Does not the pilgrim recite the Qur'an?"

So, this hadeeth is a clear proof of the permissibility of a woman's reciting/reading the Qur'an whilst in her period. Therefore it is not permissible to prevent the woman in her periods from reciting the Qur'an claiming that she is not pure! If Allah ta'ala had prevented her from reciting as He prevented her from praying, then we would follow that prevention and that would be the end of the matter. But He revealed to His Messenger SAW a distinction between prayer and its constituent parts: since some people say that reciting the Qur'an is one of the pillars of the Prayer, so why do we not make purification a pre condition for it as it is for the prayer? So we say: Not only is reciting the Qur'an a part of the prayer, but also, prayer is begun by our saying "Allahu Akbar". So, we should also say that it is a requirement for saying 'takbeer' that we have wudoo! And the same goes for 'tasbeeh', 'tahmeed' etc. We find that some of the companions preferred to have wudoo to touch the Qur'an so that shows what is preferable, but to make it obligatory and to say that it is forbidden for a woman in her state of nifas to touch the Qur'an then that has no proof at all.

(Dr. Bilal Phillips, "Islamic Ruling on Menstruation and Post Natal Bleeding" pg 12).

Surah Baqarah Verse 223
Your wives are a tilth for you, so go to your tilth (have sexual relations with your wives in any manner as long as it is in the vagina and not in the anus), when or how you will, and send (good deeds, or ask Allah to bestow upon you pious offspring) before you for your ownselves. And fear Allah, and know that you are to meet Him (in the Hereafter), and give good tidings to the believers (O Muhammad ). (Al-Baqarah 2: 223)

Why did Allah reveal this Ayah?

When the sahaba were in Makkah, they used to make love in the doggy position. But when they went to Madinah, this was a considered a taboo:

Ibn Abu Umar (RA) reported from Sufyan from Ibn Munkadir that he heard Jabir (RA) say, “The Jews used to say that if anyone has sex with his wife from the front but comes from the rear then their child will be squint eyed. So this verse was revealed; “Your wives are as a tilth unto you; so approach your tilth when or how ye will.” (2: 223) [Tirmidhi 2989, Bukhari 21528, Muslim 1435, Abu Dawud 2163, Nisai 2163, Muslim 11038, Ibn e Majah 1925]

A sahaba married a woman from Madinah and he wanted to use the doggy position, but the woman objected. This led to Allah revealing the Ayah above (Baqarah: 223) People in whose hearts there is a disease of hypocrisy use this Ayah to justify anal sex. They put a spin on the Ayah. 

How do the scholars refuted them?
 
The scholars use the very same Ayah to refute them. Allah said your wives are a piece of land for you to cultivate. Cultivation cannot take place with anal sex but vaginal sex. These hypocrites, their situation is pitiful, appalling and pathetic

Surah Hujurat Verses 1 and 2

O you who believe! Do not put (yourselves) forward before Allah and His Messenger (SAW), and fear Allah. Verily! Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (Al-Hujurat 49:1)

O you who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet (SAW), nor speak aloud to him in talk as you speak aloud to one another, lest your deeds may be rendered fruitless while you perceive not. (Al-Hujurat 49: 2)

One day a delegation came from Banu Tamim to see the Prophet (saw). Abu Bakr asked the Prophet (saw) to appoint Qa'qa ibn Ma’bad as their leader. But Umar had said to appoint Aqra ibn Habis. The pair started to argue and their voices were raised in front of the Prophet (saw). So Allah revealed the ayaat above. What Allah is saying is to wait for the Prophet (saw) to come up with his idea first. Not to be too forward and too pushy.

Even though the Prophet (saw) is not in our company today, how do you raise your voice above that of the Prophet (saw)?
 
If you are given a verdict in Islam and you refuse to abide by it. For example, wearing gold being haram for men. And if you refuse to abide, you are guilty of raising your voice above the Prophet (saw).

Surah Hujuraat Verse 6

O you who believe! If a rebellious evil person comes to you with a news, verify it, lest you harm people in ignorance, and afterwards you become regretful to what you have done. (Al-Hujurat 49: 6)

The Prophet (saw) sent Walid ibn Uqba to collect Zakah from Banu Mustalliq. They were a pagan tribe who embraced Islam. When Walid arrived, half of the tribe turned their backs on him and said they couldn’t be bothered to pay the zakah

So Walid returned to the Prophet (saw) and told him that the people refused to pay the zakah and that they also threatened to kill him. When he told the Prophet (saw) this, the Prophet (saw) was ready to fight them.
Allah revealed the following Ayah to stop the Prophet (saw), saying that the news should be verified first.

You should always verify the news when you hear it because people can lie:

Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "It is enough to call a man a liar that he narrates everything he hears" [Sahih Muslim (1/10) No. 5, Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah (5/237) No. 25617, al-Zuhd al-Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (p. 41) No. 249]

Surah Hujuraat Verse 9 
 
And if two parties or groups among the believers fall to fighting, then make peace between them both, but if one of them rebels against the other, then fight you (all) against the one that which rebels till it complies with the Command of Allah; then if it complies, then make reconciliation between them justly, and be equitable. Verily! Allah loves those who are equitable. (Al-Hujurat 49: 9)

Once, the Prophet (saw) went to see Abdullah ibn Ubay on a donkey. Abdullah ibn Ubay told the Prophet (saw) to get back, because the smell of the donkey was offending him. Some of the sahabas were with the Prophet (saw) and ibn Ubay was with his friends. When ibn Ubay said this, the sahabas responded by saying that he smelt much worse than the smell of the Prophet's (saw) donkey Ubay was offended and his friends began to fight the sahabas – it was a fist fight.

Narrated Anas: It was said to the Prophet "Would that you see Abdullah bin Ubai." So, the Prophet went to him, riding a donkey, and the Muslims accompanied him, walking on salty barren land. When the Prophet reached 'Abdullah bin Ubai, the latter said, "Keep away from me! By Allah, the bad smell of your donkey has harmed me." On that an Ansari man said (to 'Abdullah), "By Allah! The smell of the donkey of Allah's Apostle is better than your smell." On that a man from 'Abdullah's tribe got angry for 'Abdullah's sake, and the two men abused each other which caused the friends of the two men to get angry, and the two groups started fighting with sticks, shoes and hands. We were informed that the following Divine Verse was revealed (in this concern):-- "And if two groups of Believers fall to fighting then, make peace between them." (49.9) [Sahih Bukhari: Hadith 856]

This surah was revealed because of this fight.This is why the scholars say, if two Muslims fight they are both still Muslim because Allah refers to them in the Ayah as believers even though they are fighting between themselves.

THE IMPORTANCE OF LEARNING ASBAB AN-NUZOOL 
 
Asbab an Nuzool is the occasions or circumstances of revelation. It refers to the historical context in which the Ayaat were revealed. This knowledge is important because it is a prerequisite of the Mufassir. A Mufassir is a person who explains the Quran. Without the knowledge of Asbab an-Nuzool we will take knowledge out of context.

For example the goofy Sufi's take Baqarah: 115 out of context, saying Allah is everywhere. This is because they don't know why Allah revealed this Ayah:

And to Allah belong the east and the west, so wherever you turn yourselves or your faces there is the Face of Allah (and He is High above, over His Throne). Surely! Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures' needs, All-Knowing. (Al-Baqarah 2: 115)

Allah revealed it because some sahabas were on a military expedition, but they did not know the direction of the Qiblah. So they had to randomly picked a direction to pray. In the morning they realized they prayed in the wrong direction. They asked the Prophet (saw) and Allah revealed the above Ayah (Baqarah: 115). This Ayah means Allah sees all, not that He is everywhere.

Just like how in Waqiah Verse 79, the people who have not studied the Quran will use this Ayah to say that the menstruating woman cannot touch the Quran.

Which (that Book with Allah) none can touch but the purified (i.e. the angels). (Al-Waqi'ah 56: 79)

When you don't know Asbab an-Nuzool you really are nothing but a headless chicken. Sometimes Allah Mentions an incident without calling names. Asbab an-Nuzool helps you to identify the sahabas by their names.

O you who believe! Do not put (yourselves) forward before Allah and His Messenger (SAW), and fear Allah. Verily! Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (Al-Hujurat 49: 1)

O you who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet (SAW), nor speak aloud to him in talk as you speak aloud to one another, lest your deeds may be rendered fruitless while you perceive not. (Al-Hujurat 49: 2)

Do you remember who Allah was talking about here? 

Abu Bakr and Omar.
Those who know Asbab an-Nuzool know that they were arguing with voices raised.

Surah Abasa Verses 1-2 is another example

(The Prophet (Peace be upon him)) frowned and turned away, (Abasa 80: 1)

Because there came to him the blind man (i.e. 'Abdullah bin Umm-Maktum, who came to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) while he was preaching to one or some of the Quraish chiefs). (Abasa 80: 2)

Do you know who the blind man is that Allah mentions here? 

It's Abdullah ibn Umm Maktoom.
We know because of Asbab an-Nuzool

Without Asbab an-Nuzool we would never know which verses of the Quran is abrogated. Asbab an-Nuzool contains hadiths that help us to understand the Quran properly. Asbab an-Nuzool help us to understand which Verses are general and which are specific. Asbab an-Nuzool helps us understand which verses are literal and which are metaphorical.

It is made lawful for you to have sexual relations with your wives on the night of As-Saum (the fasts). They are Libas [i.e. body cover, or screen, or Sakan, (i.e. you enjoy the pleasure of living with her - as in Verse 7:189) Tafsir At-Tabari], for you and you are the same for them. Allah knows that you used to deceive yourselves, so He turned to you (accepted your repentance) and forgave you. So now have sexual relations with them and seek that which Allah has ordained for you (offspring), and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night), then complete your Saum (fast) till the nightfall. And do not have sexual relations with them (your wives) while you are in I'tikaf (i.e. confining oneself in a mosque for prayers and invocations leaving the worldly activities) in the mosques. These are the limits (set) by Allah, so approach them not. Thus does Allah make clear His Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, revelations, verses, laws, legal and illegal things, Allah's set limits, orders, etc.) to mankind that they may become Al-Muttaqun (the pious - see V.2:2). (Al-Baqarah 2: 187)

An example of the Prophet (saw) teaching Asbab an Nuzool is when the sahaba took the Ayah in Baqarah Verse 187 literally. They used to put two threads on their knees: one white and the black. The Prophet (saw) then explained to them, that this particular Verse is to be taken metaphorically. It has to do with the darkness of the night and the light of the day.


QUESTIONS and ANSWERS

Q: Assalamu alaykum Shaikh, what is the cause behind the ayat who says.. When evil comes to us, its by our own hands, and the Qadr of ALLAH... that we are tested, like in surah al ankabut... or in al baraka, we are tested with hunger, loss of lifes, etc... 
 
A: At the battle of Uhud the Prophet (saw) put 50 archers above the hill to guard the Muslims. He told them not to leave the hill, but they left the hill when they saw that the Muslims were winning. They forgot the instruction of the Prophet (saw) when they thought the war was over. They didn't realize the war had just begun.

War has different phases. So, they lost at the battle of Uhud and 70 sahabas were killed as a result of their mistake. Some still questioned why didn’t the Muslims win Uhud. So Allah revealed Nisa Verse 79

Whatever of good reaches you, is from Allah, but whatever of evil befalls you, is from yourself. And We have sent you (O Muhammad SAW) as a Messenger to mankind, and Allah is Sufficient as a Witness. (An-Nisa 4: 79)

And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.). (Al-Baqarah 2: 155)

Do people think that they will be left alone because they say: "We believe," and will not be tested. (Al-'Ankabut 29: 2)

All generations were tested before in similar ways:

And We indeed tested those who were before them. And Allah will certainly make (it) known (the truth of) those who are true, and will certainly make (it) known (the falsehood of) those who are liars, (although Allah knows all that before putting them to test). (Al-'Ankabut 29: 3)

Our current dawla will even sometimes loose territory and other times gain territory

The answer is surah Imran: 140-141

If a wound (and killing) has touched you, be sure a similar wound (and killing) has touched the others. And so are the days (good and not so good), We give to men by turns, that Allah may test those who believe, and that He may take martyrs from among you. And Allah likes not the Zalimun (polytheists and wrongdoers). (Aali Imran 3: 140)

Why does Allah test us? 

Allah Tests us to Purify us:

And that Allah may test (or purify) the believers (from sins) and destroy the disbelievers. (Aali Imran 3: 141)

Sometimes, Allah does this to make some of us become shuhada, because some people can only go to paradise if they die on the battlefield. Sometimes, Allah does this to expose hypocrites.

Q: Sometimes the scholars don't use asbab ul nazool but instead they use qiyas. When is asbab appropriate and qiyas appropriate?

A: You have to use Asbab ul Nuzool before Qiyas. There is a difference of opinion with Qiyas but not for Asbab ul Nuzool. Asbab ul Nuzool explains the Quran

The Dhaahiriyyah madhab don't even believe in Qiyas. For example, in surah Isra Verses 23-24, the Dhaahiriyyah says you are allowed to beat your parents, but you cannot not say uff to them when you beat them. This is because they don't believe in Qiyas at all.

And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but address them in terms of honour. (Al-Isra 17: 23)

And lower unto them the wing of submission and humility through mercy, and say: "My Lord! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was small." (Al-Isra 17: 24)

The Dhaahiriyyah says that the child will enter paradise, but will not smell its fragrance.

The other 4 Imams say not to beat your parents; they believe in Asbab ul Nuzoor and they will use Qiyas when necessary. 

The Dhaahiriyyah = they take the literal meaning of the text

Another example is when the Prophet (saw) say look at a girl before you marry her:

Mughirah ibn Shu’bah (RA) said that he proposed to a woman. So, the Prophet (SAW) said to him, “Look at her. That would strengthen your love for one another”. [Tirmidhi 1089, Ahmed 18160, Nisai 3237, Ibn e Majah 1865]

The Dhaahiriyyah say you should look at her naked, and that ‘her’ = all of her.

Ahmed ibn Hanbal said to look at her without hijab wearing a dress up to her knees. i.e. you can look at her the way her father is allowed to see her.

This is the correct opinion. The Dhaahiriyyah have strange ideas because they don't believe in Qiyas.

Another example of how they take everything literally is their understanding of Ayah 222 in Surah Baqarah:

They ask you concerning menstruation. Say: that is an Adha (a harmful thing for a husband to have a sexual intercourse with his wife while she is having her menses), therefore keep away from women during menses and go not unto them till they have purified (from menses and have taken a bath). And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as Allah has ordained for you (go in unto them in any manner as long as it is in their vagina). Truly, Allah loves those who turn unto Him in repentance and loves those who purify themselves (by taking a bath and cleaning and washing thoroughly their private parts, bodies, for their prayers, etc.). (Al-Baqarah 2: 222)

The Dhaahiriyyah say you have to bed your wife immediately after she takes a ghusl, after her menstruation stops. You cannot delay for an hour even.

Q: Asalaamualaikum Shaikh. Is it permissible to marry a christian girl if the available Muslim girls are undesirable? From a man's perspective, if there's no attraction, there'll be zero intimacy! .. and to call a spade a spade, the only Muslim girls that middle people generally try to fix you up with are those that nobody else is pursuing. Kindly advise. Jzk. 
 
A: The world has become a small village because of the internet. Muslima.com

You should spread your wings far and wide, because the Ummah is large and there are many pretty Muslim girls all over the world.

The Ummah of Muhammad (saw) has very intelligent and very pretty girls all over the world, someone for everyone’s fancy.
You are not, however, allowed to marry without chemistry. You cannot marry a Christian girl if a Muslim girl is available. And there are many beautiful Muslim girls all over the world.

Expand your wings and leave your comfort zone. If there is not a Muslim girl who likes you in your area then there will be another pretty Muslim girl in another area who will accept you in sha Allah.

Q: Salamu alaykum Shaikh, can you please explain the meaning of "War is deception"? In which fields are deceptive actions allowed, without falling into hypocrisy, that people play around... claiming its for war is deception. JZK

A: War is deception. When you are living in Dar ul harb you are allowed to lie to the enemy. Infiltration is a war tactic

For example,
Nu'maan ibn basir. Nu’maan took his sahada secretly and joined the army of Quraish and created fitnah within their ranks.

When the Prophet (saw) used to leave Madinah, he would pretend he was going somewhere else. This is because war is deception:

Narrated Ka'b ibn Malik: When the Prophet (SAW) intended to go on an expedition, he always pretended to be going somewhere else, and he would say: "War is deception". [Abu Dawud 2629, Tirmidhi 1681, Ahmed 14312]

Q: I met some bros. from the NOI that converted to real islam yet they still refer to elijah muhammad as "the honorable elijah muhammad" is it ok to make takfiir on them?

A: Elijah Muhammad is called Elijah Poole and he is from Chicago. There is no Prophet after Muhammad (saw). How can he be honorable when he made many 13 year old girls pregnant. How can he be honourable when he cheated on his wives:

MALCOLM X EXPOSES ELIJAH MUHAMMAD’: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jGeW7zhu0Ag

O you, who have believed, enter into Islam completely [and perfectly] and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy. (Baqarah: 208 Sahih Intern.)

Allah said here that the believers are to enter into Islam whole heartedly.

There is no God except Allah and Muhammad (saw) is His last and final Messenger.

Some Jews became Muslim but did not want to eat camel meat because they were still holding on to jahiliyyah. So Allah revealed Baqarah: 208

** NEWSFLASH **

A Tornado has touched down in Texas
Allah is taking Revenge because the kuffar gathered to use dirty cartoons to dishonor the Prophet SAW
Allah is al Muntaqim, Allah is The Avenger
Allah is Swift in Taking His Tevenge
Allah is Swift, Severe and Decisive in Taking His Revenge: