Wednesday, May 6, 2015

(Notes & Audio) Science Of Quran - Part 5 - The Characteristics Of The Makkan And Madinan Surahs

Science Of Quran - Part 5 - The Characteristics Of The Makkan And Madinan Surahs
By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
Monday 4th May 2015

Download Audio      Download Notes

Notes typed live by AT19
Edited and formatted by AT38

Whenever you go to the back of the Quran - index
You will see that the surahs are labelled as Makkan or Madinan Surah


A Makkan surah is a surah which was revealed before the Hijrah
A Madinan surah is a surah which was revealed after the Hijrah

Some gave the definition being:
Makkan surahs are surahs revealed in Makkah
And Madinan surahs are surahs revealed in Madinah
The scholars reject this definition because
Some surahs were revealed neither in Makkah nor in Madina
Example: The part revealed in the heavens during Al israa wal mi’raaj
Also, some aspects of the Quran were revealed when the Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) was in Hudaybiyyah – which is neither Makkah nor Madinah

Therefore the only definition we will accept is a surah of Makkah was revealed before the Hijra and a surah revealed after Hijrah is a Madinan surah

Two sahabah were experts at knowing where a surah was revealed (its location)
And why the surah was revealed and they know the meaning of the surah
They are Abdullah ibn Masood and Ali ibn Abi Talib (radiyallahu ‘anhuma)
These two companions were experts of Uloomul Quran (the Science of the Quran)

Narrated By 'Abdullah (bin Mas'ud): By Allah other than Whom none has the right to be worshipped! There is no Surah revealed in Allah's Book but I know at what place it was revealed; and there is no Verse revealed in Allah's Book but I know about whom it was revealed. And if I know that there is somebody who knows Allah's Book better than I, and he is at a place that camels can reach, I would go to him. [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 6, Book 61, Hadith #524]


There are approximately 15 characteristics of a Makkan surah

Kalla means Nay or certainly not

Have you prayed taraweeh and the Imam goes down in sajda in the middle of recitation?
This is because he reached a verse of sajda while reciting in salah
There are approximately 15 ayahs of sajda
There are two exceptions to the rule, which are Surah 13 and 22
Because these surahs are Madani surahs

With the exception of Surah Baqarah

Some surahs revealed in Madinah contain "O Mankind" as well

The only three exceptions to this rule are Surah 2, 3 and 13

They perished because of their kufr and shirk
The people of Nuh (‘alayhi salatu wa salam) were destroyed because they worshipped idols
The people of Lut (‘alayhi salatu wa salam) were destroyed because of their homosexuality
The people of Shu’aib (‘alayhi salatu wa salam) were destroyed because they cheat with the scale

The only exception to this rule is Surah Nasr
These Surahs were used to invite the kuffaar to Islam
When a person is a kafir, he doesn’t have the sabr to listen to long lectures about Islam
Many at times I prepare dars with 30 hadiths but end up quoting only 15
Because people don’t have the patience for Islamic knowledge


Surah 90 is an example
Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) swears by the City (Makkah)

I swear by this city (Makkah); (Al-Balad 90:1)

He swore by the morning hour in surah 93

By the forenoon (after sun-rise); (Ad-Duha 93:1)

Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) swears by the Fig and Olive in surah 95

By the fig, and the olive, (At-Tin 95:1)

When Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) swears, He brings you the reason why He swears


Because Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) use these surahs to give dawah to the kuffaar
And to warn them that they will be in the hellfire if they don't become Muslims
Some people lie to the kuffaar to be ‘polite’
You are like the doctor who lies to his patient about his health condition
In order not to frighten him but that is BAD doctor
You should tell your patients they have cancer if they have cancer and nothing else

But Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) doesn't mince His words in the Quran
Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) promises them the hellfire if they don't embrace Islam

Verily, those who disbelieve (in the religion of Islām, the Qur'ān and Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) from among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and Al-Mushrikûn will abide in the Fire of Hell. They are the worst of creatures. (Al-Baiyinah 98:6)

This verse is an example of how Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) doesn't mince His words

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "By Him in Whose hand is the life of Muhammad, any Christian or Jew who heard about me and died whilst regecting me, such a person is in the hell fire to abide there forever." [Sahih Muslim (1/134) No. 153 and Musnad Ahmad (2/350) No. 8594]

The hadith above also shows that the rasul (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) didn’t mince his words either


Example: The Surah 112

Say (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)): "He is Allāh, (the) One. (Al-Ikhlas 112:1)
"Allāh-us-Samad (The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks). (Al-Ikhlas 112:2)
"He begets not, nor was He begotten; (Al-Ikhlas 112:3)
"And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him." (Al-Ikhlas 112:4)

Why did Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) reveal tawheed in Makkah?
Because of the following hadith:

“…When the people embraced Islam, the Verses regarding legal and illegal things were revealed. If the first thing to be revealed was: 'Do not drink alcoholic drinks.' people would have said, 'We will never leave alcoholic drinks,' and if there had been revealed, 'Do not commit illegal sexual intercourse, 'they would have said, 'We will never give up illegal sexual intercourse.' [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 6, Book 61, Hadith #515]

Because Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) is wise, the first thing He revealed was tawheed
The sunnah of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) and His Rasool (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) is to invite the kuffaar to tawheed first and then Shariah

Narrated By Ibn Abbas: When the Prophet sent Muadh to Yemen, he said to him, "You are going to a nation from the people of the Scripture, so let the first thing to which you will invite them, be the Tauhid of Allah. If they learn that, tell them that Allah has enjoined on them, five prayers to be offered in one day and one night. And if they pray, tell them that Allah has enjoined on them Zakat of their properties and it is to be taken from the rich among them and given to the poor. And if they agree to that, then take from them Zakat but avoid the best property of the people." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 9, Book 93, Hadith #469]

I quoted the above hadith as proof that you should invite to tawheed before Shariah
It is not the Sunnah to call to tawheed in darul harb

Shariah for Belgium, UK, US, France, etc. is incorrect.
You should say Tawheed for these countries
This is the Sunnah - to begin your dawah with tawheed first, not Shariah
The kuffaar are atheists and agnostics
They either don’t believe Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) or they are not sure that He exists
You teach them Tauheed then they will submit to the shariah on their own


The exception is surah Baqarah



The following ayahs are used to debate them

Who has created the seven heavens one above another, you can see no fault in the creations of the Most Beneficent. Then look again: "Can you see any rifts?" (Al-Mulk 67:3)

Then look again and yet again, your sight will return to you in a state of humiliation and worn out. (Al-Mulk 67:4)

Whenever you want to debate with the atheist, don't forget Surah 67: 3-4
Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) here is challenging the atheist
Can you find any contradictions in My creation? Look again and again.
A person who is an atheist will try to refute the Quran
He will say he doesn’t agree with the fact that Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala)’s creation is perfect because he see deformities in humans
Example: people with two private parts, etc.
The atheist did wrong to use a deformity to describe Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala)’s creation
People are born with deformities because of your chemical weapons
And you put the blame on Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala)
The people in Iraq were born with deformities because of the nuclear bombs dropped by YOU!

Secondly, whenever a person is born with two private parts, this can be corrected
Thirdly, whenever a person is born without deformities - he should say Alhamdulillah
And be grateful to Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala)
You should always look at those beneath you and not above you to be grateful to Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala)
The deformity is a test from Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala)
If you have a deformity and you have sabr your reward is Paradise

Were they created by nothing, or were they themselves the creators? (At-Tur 52:35)

Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) ask this question above to every atheist
There is no creation without a creator
The computer you are using didn’t come about by itself
Why would you think the universe has no maker?
We, The Muslim, also believe in the Big Bang
But we believe that the Bang was created by Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala)
We don’t believe that it came by an accident or on its own

Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were joined together as one united piece, then We parted them? And We have made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe? (Al-Anbiya 21:30)

Whenever you read the Quran, you see Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) addressing the believers or mankind in general
But here, Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) is talking to the kuffaar (above)
Because they are the ones obsessed with the big bang theory
This is a Makkan surah


The only exception to this rule is Surah Baqarah

Abdul Malik bin Amir narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "The Open Chapter (Surah Fatiha) is a cure from every illness." [Sunan al-Darime (2/538) No. 3370 and Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (4/43) No. 2154]

Ibn `Abbas narrated: 'Some of the companions of the Prophet passed by some people staying at a place where there was water, and one of those people had been stung by a scorpion. A man from those staying near the water, came and said to the companions of the Prophet, "Is there anyone among you who can do Ruqya as near the water there is a person who has been stung by a scorpion." So one of the Prophet's companions went to him and recited Surat-al-Fatiha for a sheep as his fees. The patient got cured and the man brought the sheep to his companions who disliked that and said, "You have taken wages for reciting Allah's Book." When they arrived at Medina, they said, ' O Messenger of Allah! (This person) has taken wages for reciting Allah's Book" On that the Messenger of Allah said, “The thing for which you most deserve to take payment is the Book of Allah.”' [Sahih Bukhari (7/131) No. 5737]

The people were shocked that he took wages for reciting the Quran over the man
But rasul (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) didn’t condemn him
Therefore, if a person’s job is to recite over people, he is allowed to charge money

Another hujjah for this is the following hadith:

Sahl ibn Sad Saidi (RA) reported that a woman came to Allah’s Messenger (SAW) and said, “I submit myself to you.” Then, she stood for a long time. A man said, “O Messenger of Allah, marry me to her, if you do not need her.” He said, “Do you have anything to give her (by way of dower)?’ He said, “I have nothing but this lower wrapper of the body.” So, Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “If you give it to her then you will sit and have no lower garment on you. So, Look out for something else.” He said, “I do not find.” The Prophet (SAW) said, “Search, even if you find an iron ring.” He said, “I sought but could not find anything.” So, Allah’s Messenger asked him, “Do you have with you anything of the Qur’an?” He said, “Yes, That surah, and that surah.” So Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “I marry you, to her with what you have of the Qur’an.” [Sahih Bukhari (6/192) No. 5029, Sahih Muslim (2/1040) No. 1425, Sunan Tirmidhi (3/421) No. 1114, Musnad Ahmad (5/330) No. 22850, Sunan An-Nasa'i (6/113) No. 3339]

Imam Shafi (rahimahullah) used this hadith to say if a man is an expert in reciting the Quran, he can charge wages for teaching it
No scholars said Imam Shafi was wrong because he spoke with hujjah
No one can refute you if you bring hujjah

Another example of a surah used for protection is Surah Kafiroon as stated below
It protects you from shirk

Farwah ibn Nawfal reported that he went to the Prophet and requested, “O Messenger of Allah, teach me something that I may say when I retire to my bed.” He said, “Recite “Surah Kafiroon” for it is a rejection of polytheism.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/474) No. 3403, Sunan al-Darime (2/551) No. 3427, Musnad Ahmad (5/456) No. 23858, Sunan Abu Dawud (4/313) No. 5055, al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Nasa'i (9/295) No. 10569]

Another example is Surah Mulk – it protects you from the punishment of the grave
It also intercedes for you on the Day Of Judgement

Ibn Abbas (RA) reported that one of the companions of the Prophet (SAW) pitched a tent on a grave. He did not know that there was grave. It was the grave of human beings, who recited surah al-Mulk (#67) to the end of it. He came to the Prophet (SAW) and said, “O Messenger of Allah (SAW), I pitched my tent over a grave without knowing that it was a grave. The man inside recited surah al-Mulk to its end.” The Prophet (SAW) said, “It is the rescuer. It rescues from punisment of the grave.” (Tirmidhi 2899)

Abu Huraira (RA) reported from the Prophet (SAW) that he said, "A surah of the Qur’an has thirty verses. It intercedes for a man till he is forgiven. It is (Surah al-Mulk)." [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/164) No. 2891, Sunan Abu Dawud (2/57) No. 1400, Sunan Ibn Majah (4/703) No. 3786, Musnad Ahmad (2/299) No. 7962]

Surah Waqiya is another example – it protects you from poverty

Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, ‘Whoever recites surah al Waqiah at night would never encounter poverty’ [Ibn as-Sunni 620, Bayhaqi]

Another example is Surah the Cave – It is a protection from fitna of the Dajjal

Abu Darda (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, “If anyone recites the first three verses of surah al-Kahf then he is protected from the fitnah of the dajjal.” [Tirmidhi 2895, Muslim 809, Abu Dawud 4323, Ahmed 21771]

Surah Ikhlas, Falaq and Naas protects you from black magic, evil eye, jinns and bad dreams

Abu Saeed al-Khudri said: “The Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.S.) used to seek refuge with Allah from the jinn and from the evil eye until the Mu’wadaitain were revealed, and when they were revealed he started to recite them and not anything else” (narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2058; he said it is hasan ghareeb. Also narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 5494; Ibn Maajah, 3511).

Ayshah (RA) narrated: When the Prophet (SAW) came to his bed every night, he would place together both palms (in a scoop), blow on them and recite on them: “Surah al-Ikhlas, al-Falaq and an-Naas”. Then he would wipe them on as much of his body as he could, beginning them at his head and his face and that of his body that is in the front. He would do that three times. [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/473) No. 3402, Sahih Bukhari (8/70) No. 6319, Sunan Abu Dawud (4/313) No. 5056, Ibn e Majah (5/41) No. 3875]

When the Rasool (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) was affected by magic, Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) revealed Falaq and Naas
He recited them and was freed from the magic
These Surahs are your protection


Verily We: It is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Qur'ān) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption). (Al-Hijr 15:9)

(He is) the Lord of the two easts (places of sunrise during early summer and early winter) and the Lord of the two wests (places of sunset during early summer and early winter). (Ar-Rahman 55:17)

And We have indeed made the Qur'ān easy to understand and remember, then is there any that will remember (or receive admonition)? (Al-Qamar 54:17)

So the Ummah will have millions of Hafiz because Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) made it easy

Alif­Lām­Mīm. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur'ān, and none but Allāh (Alone) knows their meanings]. (Ar-Rum 30:1)
The Romans have been defeated. (Ar-Rum 30:2)
In the nearer land (Syria, Iraq, Jordan, and Palestine), and they, after their defeat, will be victorious. (Ar-Rum 30:3)
Within three to nine years. The decision of the matter, before and after (these events) is only with Allāh, (before the defeat of Romans by the Persians, and after, i.e. the defeat of the Persians by the Romans). And on that Day, the believers (i.e. Muslims) will rejoice (at the victory given by Allāh to the Romans against the Persians), (Ar-Rum 30:4)

This surah is talking about Rome’s victory against the Persians after their defeat
The Romans were Christians and the Persians were Pagans
The pagans of Makkah were cheering for the Persians and they were laughing at the Muslims
When the Persians won claiming that they will also defeat them
The Muslims however were cheering for the Romans since they were closer to them
But Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) said they (Romans) will make a comeback in 3-9 years
This is a prediction of the Quran and it came to pass

Another prediction is 54:45

Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) predicted the outcome of the battle of Badr

Their multitude will be put to flight, and they will show their backs. (Al-Qamar 54:45)

Another prediction is 74:26 which is talking about Waleed ibn Magheera

I will cast him into Hell-fire (Al-Muddaththir 74:26)

He thought he should be the Prophet because he had more money

Another prediction is 111

Perish the two hands of Abû Lahab (an uncle of the Prophet), and perish he! (Al-Masad 111:1)

If you were living in the time of the Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) and this was revealed and you went to give Abu Lahab dawah, you are a kaafir
Because Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) here says Abu Lahab and his wife are going to the hell-fire

Another prediction is the Creation of Israel  

And We decreed for the Children of Israel in the Scripture, that indeed you would do mischief on the earth twice and you will become tyrants and extremely arrogant! (Al-Isra 17:4)

The first mischief they committed was after the death of Prophet Sulaiman (‘alayhi salatu wa salam)
They started to kill the Prophets, Slander the Prophets and dabbled in black magic
Sulaiman (‘alayhi salatu wa salam) died in 935 BC

The second mischief is when they established the State of Israel
This was established on the blood of the Muslims
Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) said they will be tyrannical in the land

Another prediction is: 30:41

[Sahih International] Corruption has appeared throughout the land and sea by [reason of] what the hands of people have earned so He may let them taste part of [the consequence of] what they have done that perhaps they will return [to righteousness]. (Ar-Rum 30:41)

If someone asks who arranged the ayahs and the surahs of the Quran
Your reply should be it was done by Angel Gabriel (‘alayhi salatu wa salam)


Like surah 1, 2, 3 etc


Example: 24:2

The woman and the man guilty of illegal sexual intercourse, flog each of them with a hundred stripes. Let not pity withhold you in their case, in a punishment prescribed by Allāh, if you believe in Allāh and the Last Day. And let a party of the believers witness their punishment. (This punishment is for unmarried persons guilty of the above crime but if married persons commit it, the punishment is to stone them to death, according to Allāh's Law). (An-Nur 24:2)

Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) here is speaking about the fornicators
But HE (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) mentioned the woman before the man
If someone asks why did Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) mentioned the girl first
The scholars gave some reasons for it:

1. In any culture, whenever girls fornicate, it is more shameful than when boys fornicate

2. When girls fornicate it is more dangerous
Because they are the ones who fall pregnant and are prone to catch a disease (STDs)
Men are circumcised and so have a degree of protection from STDs
She is also the one who loses her virginity - men don't have a hymen

Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) didn’t tell us why He mentioned the woman before man
But the scholars discussed these matters among themselves
This is called tafsir

Surah 5:38 is another example of a surah revealed in Madinah

Cut off (from the wrist joint) the (right) hand of the thief, male or female, as a recompense for that which they committed, a punishment by way of example from Allah. And Allah is All­Powerful, All­Wise. (Al-Ma'idah 5:38)

Cut off the hand of the thief to protect the wealth of the population

Another example is 24:30-31 - these ayahs talk about lowering the gaze
It also talks about hijab and who the woman is allowed to show her hair – her mahram

Tell the believing men to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts, etc.). That is purer for them. Verily, Allāh is All-Aware of what they do. (An-Nur 24:30)

And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts, etc.) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like palms of hands or one eye or both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer dress like veil, gloves, head-cover, apron, etc.), and to draw their veils all over Juyubihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms, etc.) and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband's fathers, their sons, their husband's sons, their brothers or their brother's sons, or their sister's sons, or their (Muslim) women (i.e. their sisters in Islām), or the (female) slaves whom their right hands possess, or old male servants who lack vigour, or small children who have no sense of the shame of sex. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And all of you beg Allāh to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful. (An-Nur 24:31)

Why? Because these Surahs were revealed in the Islamic State - Darul Islam


The Jews say they are God’s chosen people
Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) challenges them in 62:6-8

Say (O Muhammad SAW): "O you Jews! If you pretend that you are friends of Allāh, to the exclusion of (all) other mankind, then long for death if you are truthful." (Al-Jumu'ah 62:6)

But they will never long for it (death), because of what (deeds) their hands have sent before them! And Allāh knows well the Zālimûn (polytheists, wrong-doers, disbelievers, etc.). (Al-Jumu'ah 62:7)

Say (to them): "Verily, the death from which you flee will surely meet you, then you will be sent back to (Allāh), the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen, and He will tell you what you used to do." (Al-Jumu'ah 62:8)

Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) here is telling them to wish for death
If they are speaking the truth
But they will never wish for death because of the evil crimes they commit
They bomb schools in Gaza and kill innocent children
Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) said you think the Jews love each other but they hate each other
Didn’t you see how they beat up a black Israeli Soldier?

You would think they were united, but their hearts are divided, that is because they are a people who understand not. (Al-Hashr 59:14)

You think the Jews are united because you are naive
The Jews hate each other because they know each one is as evil as the other
When people are evil, they hate each other
When people are good, they love each other
Because that love is for the sake of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala)
It is haram for a Muslim to love a person who doesn't love Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala)


(Remember) when you sought help of your Lord and He answered you (saying): "I will help you with a thousand of the angels each behind the other (following one another) in succession." (Al-Anfal 8:9)

Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) here is reminding you of when the Muslims came face to face with the kuffaar in the battle of Badr
He (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) sent 1000 Angels to help them by fighting alongside them
Even the Angel Gabriel fought in that battle

Ma’adh Bin Rifaa’a bin Rafe’ narrates on the authority of his father, that he said that Jibrai (Peace be upon him) came to the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) and said: How do you consider the People of Badr? The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: The best among the Muslims or He (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said something to this effect. Jibreel (May peace be upon him) said: In the same way, among the angels those angels are superior who participated in Badr. [Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No: 3992]

8:17 is another example

And you (Muhammad SAW) threw not when you did throw but Allāh threw, that He might test the believers by a fair trial from Him. Verily, Allāh is All-Hearer, All-Knower. (Al-Anfal 8:17)

When the sand went into the eyes of the kuffaar
The throwing was done was by the rasul (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) but the reach came from Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala)

Another example is surah 8:48

And (remember) when Shaitān (Satan) made their (evil) deeds seem fair to them and said, "No one of mankind can overcome you this Day (of the battle of Badr) and verily, I am your neighbour (for each and every help)." But when the two forces came in sight of each other, he ran away and said "Verily, I have nothing to do with you. Verily! I see what you see not. Verily! I fear Allāh for Allāh is Severe in punishment." (Al-Anfal 8:48)

The kuffaar thought the Muslims were finished, because the shaitan convinced them
But the Satan ran away and left the battle of Badr because he saw the angels

All the battles took place in the Madinan stage not the Makkan stage
Hence all the surahs talking about battles are Madinan


O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with Allāh is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [i.e. one of the Muttaqûn (pious - see V.2:2). Verily, Allāh is All-Knowing, All-Aware. (Al-Hujurat 49:13)

Saeed al-Jurairi narrated Abi Naddra told me of a sermon he heard from the Messenger of Allah (SAW) in middle during the Days of Tashreeq said: “O people, your Lord is One and your father [i.e., Adam] is one. There is no superiority of the Arab over the non-Arab, or of the non-Arab over the Arab, or of the red over the black, or of the black over the red – except with regard to taqwa...” [Musnad Ahmad (5/411) No. 23536]

Narrated Jubair ibn Mut’im: The Messenger of Allah (SAW), said: "He is not one us who calls for 'Asabiyah, (nationalism/tribalism) or who fights for 'Asabiyah or who dies for 'Asabiyah." [Sunan Abu Dawud (Vol. 2, pg. 753) No. 5121]

Taqwa means piety
Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) doesn't want any asabiyyah in the Islamic State
Because you had sahabah who were Black, Persian, Arabs etc
So Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) revealed surah 49:13 to prevent it
We don’t want a state like Israel because they hate the black Jews
Israel is an apartheid state

In the Islamic State, Whites, Blacks, Asians etc are all brothers


When the hypocrites come to you (O Muhammad SAW), they say: "We bear witness that you are indeed the Messenger of Allāh." Allāh knows that you are indeed His Messenger and Allāh bears witness that the hypocrites are liars indeed. (Al-Munafiqun 63:1)

They have made their oaths a screen (for their hypocrisy). Thus they hinder (men) from the Path of Allāh. Verily, evil is what they used to do. (Al-Munafiqun 63:2)

That is because they believed, then disbelieved, therefore their hearts are sealed, so they understand not. (Al-Munafiqun 63:3)

Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) said the munafiqeen are liars
They like to say wallahi to deceive you
They are called the yo-yo Muslims - they are straddling the fence
Sometimes they believe and other times they disbelieve


And nothing prevents their contributions from being accepted from them except that they disbelieved in Allāh and in His Messenger (Muhammad SAW); and that they came not to As-Salāt (the prayer) except in a lazy state; and that they offer not contributions but unwillingly. (At-Tawbah 9:54)

A masjid is built 5 minutes from his house but he can't donate anything
Why? Because he will use the donation as an argument against Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) on the Day Of Judgement
Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) doesn't want their donation that is why they cannot donate

9:67 – They can’t do dhikr

The hypocrites, men and women, are from one another, they enjoin (on the people) Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief and polytheism of all kinds and all that Islām has forbidden), and forbid (people) from Al-Ma'rûf (i.e. Islāmic Monotheism and all that Islām orders one to do), and they close their hands [from giving (spending in Allāh's Cause) alms, etc.]. They have forgotten Allāh, so He has forgotten them. Verily, the hypocrites are the Fāsiqûn (rebellious, disobedient to Allāh). (At-Tawbah 9:67)

They don't remember Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) because He is not their priority
They only remember their bellies and private parts

It is haram to join a kafir army and the hujjah is 4:76

Those who believe, fight in the Cause of Allāh, and those who disbelieve, fight in the cause of Tāghût (Satan, etc.). So fight you against the friends of Shaitān (Satan); Ever feeble indeed is the plot of Shaitān (Satan). (An-Nisa 4:76)

They may say they need to join the armies in order to feed their family
It is just a ‘job’
But the only flag you can fight for, is the one that fights for Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala)
Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhab (rahimahullah) compiled 10 things that nullifies your Islam
And joining their armies and fighting for them against the Muslims is one of them

Sheikh Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahab, may Allah have mercy on him, gathered ten actions that negate one's Islam (Nawaqid ul-'Ashr), the eighth one of which states: "Assisting the disbelievers (against the believers) (Mudhaharatul Mushrikeen) and supporting them against the believers (is from the actions that negates of one's faith). The Proof being the statement of Allah, "And if any amongst you takes them as Auliya', then surely he is one of them. Verily, Allah guides not those people who are the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers and unjust). (The Quran 5:51)."

Ibn Hazm (rahimahullah) also passed a fatwa similar

Ibn Hazm Stated in Al-Muhalla (11/138): "What is correct is that His statement, the Most High, "And if any amongst you takes them as Auliya', then surely he is one of them." (The Quran 5:51), should be understood on the basis of its apparent meaning. The person being referred to is a disbeliever from the generality of disbelievers, and no two Muslims disagree regarding this."

48:17 is another rule of jihad

No blame or sin is there upon the blind, nor is there blame or sin upon the lame, nor is there blame or sin upon the sick (that they go not forth to war). And whosoever obeys Allāh and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW), He will admit him to Gardens beneath which rivers flow (Paradise); and whosoever turns back, He will punish him with a painful torment. (Al-Fath 48:17)

Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) here tells you who are exempted from going to the frontline
Did you know a blind sahabi used to go for jihad?
Today people are putting conditions on jihad to make it impossible for you to do jihad
The following ayahs was revealed because of him: 80:1-2

(The Prophet (Peace be upon him)) frowned and turned away, ('Abasa 80:1)

Because there came to him the blind man (i.e. 'Abdullāh bin Umm-Maktûm, who came to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) while he was preaching to one or some of the Quraish chiefs). ('Abasa 80:2)

This person carried the flag for the Muslims in the battlefield
He was blind yet went for jihad even though Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) told him he could have stayed home but he couldn't find an excuse for himself
If the sahabah should come back and see the hypocrisy of the Muslims today
They would think that we are all hypocrites or 99% of us


Example: 49:6

O you who believe! If a rebellious evil person comes to you with a news, verify it, lest you harm people in ignorance, and afterwards you become regretful to what you have done. (Al-Hujurat 49:6)

How many of you practice this Ayah?

If you hear someone is a gay or paedophile, would you spread it before verifying it?
Most would spread it because it is exciting news
If your enemy would hear something bad about you
He would go to twitter and tweet about it and spread it
It is not in his interest to verify the news

Do you remember the bird that came to Sulaiman (‘alayhi salatu wa salam) with the news about the people of Bilqis who were worshipping the sun instead of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala)?

"I found her and her people worshipping the sun instead of Allāh, and Shaitān (Satan) has made their deeds fair-seeming to them, and has barred them from (Allāh's) Way, so they have no guidance," (An-Naml 27:24)

[Sulaimān (Solomon)] said: "We shall see whether you speak the truth or you are (one) of the liars. (An-Naml 27:27)

Sulaiman (‘alayhi salatu wa salam) said to the bird he was going to verify the news to see if the bird was speaking the truth or lying
Look at his character; this is the character of a believer
And he was a prophet – the peak of the ladder of believers

If you spread news that you hear without verifying, you are nothing but a liar

Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "It is enough to call a man a liar that he narrates everything he hears" [Sahih Muslim (1/10) No. 5, Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah (5/237) No. 25617, al-Zuhd al-Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (p. 41) No. 249]

Another example to prove to you the surahs of Madinah focus on good manners is 49:11-12

O you who believe! Let not a group scoff at another group, it may be that the latter are better than the former; nor let (some) women scoff at other women, it may be that the latter are better than the former, nor defame one another, nor insult one another by nicknames. How bad is it, to insult one's brother after having Faith [i.e. to call your Muslim brother (a faithful believer) as: "O sinner", or "O wicked", etc.]. And whosoever does not repent, then such are indeed Zālimûn (wrong-doers, etc.). (Al-Hujurat 49:11)

O you who believe! Avoid much suspicions, indeed some suspicions are sins. And spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it (so hate backbiting). And fear Allāh. Verily, Allāh is the One Who accepts repentance, Most Merciful. (Al-Hujurat 49:12)

The translator should have said "offensive nicknames" because some nicknames are halal
The Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) gave some sahabah nicknames

Imam Bukhari also related a hadith stating that the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) came to the Masjid while Ali was asleep in there and his garment fell off his side and got covered in dust; the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) wiped the dust off and said to Ali, "Get up Abu Turab (father of dust)."

Safina (the ship) was a name he (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) gave to one of his sahabah
Because he was strong and used to carry a lot load when they travelled
If the person is not offended by the nickname, it is halal
Nicknames like Wetback is haram - it is offensive to Hispanics
You cannot call a person Nigger because of his skin colour
But you can call someone a House Nigger if they support the taghoot for dunya matters

The Surahs of Madinah are 28 in Number
These Surahs are

Surah numbers: 2, 3, 4, 5 8, 9, 13, 22, 24, 33, 47, 48, 49, 55, 57, 58, 59,
60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 76, 98, 99 and 110

QUESTION 1: Can a Muslim join the kafir army to infiltrate them?

Answer 1: Yes it is permissible because of the action of Nu’maan Ibn Bashir at the battle of the Ditch but you need the permission of the Amir to do this
Else the Amir will think that you are munafiq and may be killed when captured
Another evidence is the famous hadith: "war is deception"

Narrated Ka'b ibn Malik: When the Prophet (SAW) intended to go on an expedition, he always pretended to be going somewhere else, and he would say: "War is deception". [Abu Dawud 2629, Tirmidhi 1681, Ahmed 14312]

Nu'maan told the Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam) what he was going to do and the enemy didn't know he had taken his shahadah
This was covered in the topic The Sealed Nectar

QUESTION 2: Aswr, I am trying to find an ayah. It talks about gaining wealth by doing jihad. I forgot the ayah, do you know which ayah I am talking about?

Answer 2: The ayah that came to mind is Surah 48:20

Allāh has promised you abundant spoils that you will capture, and He has hastened for you this, and He has restrained the hands of men from you, that it may be a sign for the believers, and that He may guide you to a Straight Path. (Al-Fath 48:20)

Ibn Umar narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "I was sent by the sword from now until Judgment Day, until Allah Alone is worshipped with no partners, and my livelihood is in the shadow of my spear, and humiliation and submission are on those who disobey me and whoever imitates a people is one of them" [Musnad Ahmad (2/50) No. 5115, Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (2/417) No. 1154, Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah (4/212) No. 19401]

al-Shawkani (rh) said: “Ibn Abi Jamrah said: The scholars of hadeeth are of the view that if the primary motive is to make the word of Allah supreme, it does not matter what else is also achieved.” [Nayl al-Awthaar (7/254)]

Why do the kuffaar say the Islamic State is rich? It is because of the spoils of war
They send the weapons to their kafir brothers and yet these end up in the hands of the Islamic state
They also fight and capture oil wells worth billions of dollars

Verily, those who disbelieve spend their wealth to hinder (men) from the Path of Allāh, and so will they continue to spend it; but in the end it will become an anguish for them. Then they will be overcomed. And those who disbelieve will be gathered unto Hell. (Al-Anfal 8:36)

Ayesha and Ibn Umar (radiyallahu ‘anhuma) said:

Narrated By Ibn Umar: We did not eat our fill except after we had conquered Khaibar. [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 5, Book 59, Hadith #548]

Narrated By 'Aisha: When Khaibar was conquered, we said, "Now we will eat our fill of dates!" [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 5, Book 59, Hadith #547]

The scholars say it is halal to make Jihad for the purpose of booty if it is used to spread Islam
If you don't do jihad, you will starve

Abu Huraira reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: I have been given superiority over the other prophets in six respects: I have been given words which are concise but comprehensive in meaning; I have been helped by terror (in the hearts of enemies): spoils have been made lawful to me: the earth has been made for me clean and a place of worship; I have been sent to all mankind and the line of prophets is closed with me. [Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Hadith #1062]

If you are suffering hunger, it means you have abandoned Jihad
Because the booty was made halal for you and is there to be taken as stated above

QUESTION 3: What is the best way to supplicate to Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) for making hijrah?

Answer 3: The last third of the night is the best time to supplicate because Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) descends every night at the last third of the night

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (RA), who said that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Our Lord (glorified and exalted be He) descends each night to the earth's sky when there remains the final third of the night, and He says: 'Who is saying a prayer to Me that I may answer it? Who is asking something of Me that I may give it him? Who is asking forgiveness of Me that I may forgive him?'" [al-Bukhari (7494) (also by Muslim (758), Malik (619), at-Tirmidhi (3498) and Abu Dawud (1315)]. In a version by Muslim the Hadith ends with the words: "And thus He continues till [the light of] dawn shines."

QUESTION 4: Should I follow a madhab? People tell me that I shouldn’t. Also, can I follow a madhab if I don’t have a teacher?

Answer 4: You have to have an expert in fiqh to teach you fiqh
It is also compulsory on you to have an expert in aqeeda to teach you aqeeda
Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) said:

…..So ask of those who know the Scripture [learned men of the Taurāt (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)], if you know not. (An-Nahl 16:43)

The angel Gabriel was the shaikh of the Prophet (Salallahu 'Alayhi wa sallam)
He taught him how to pray and recite the Quran properly
And he used to be zealous and enthusiastic to learn so Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) corrected him because he used to recite before the angel can recite to him what Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) revealed to him

Move not your tongue concerning (the Qur'ān, O Muhammad SAW) to make haste therewith. (Al-Qiyamah 75:16)
It is for Us to collect it and to give you (O Muhammad SAW) the ability to recite it (the Qur'ān), (Al-Qiyamah 75:17)
And when We have recited it to you [O Muhammad SAW through Jibrael (Gabriel)], then follow you its (the Qur'ān's) recital. (Al-Qiyamah 75:18)

Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) was the shaikh of the Angel Gabriel
Everyone has a Shaikh except Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala)

…but over all those endowed with knowledge is the All-Knowing (Allāh). (Yusuf 12:76)

When you think you have knowledge, someone has more knowledge than you
Al-Khidr had more knowledge than Musa (‘alayhi salatu wa salam)
If you have no Shaikh, the satan becomes your Shaikh

It is haram for you to make up your own religion as you go along
Because you are not knowledgeable enough to make up your own madhab
You should follow a madhab but don't be rigid
My shaikhs were Hanbalis but they sometimes jumped ship and followed other madhabs
If another madhab has a view closer to the haqq than your madhab
You need to follow that madhab
You go with the madhab that has the haqq

Question 5: What if I can’t find a teacher. Can I consider you as my teacher if I attend the dars?

Answer 5: Modern technology has made the world a small village
And so you can have a teacher who is not face to face with you
Base on this, you can consider me as your teacher if you attend my dars
I also speak to you on a one to one basis and I can answer questions