Quranic Science (Causes of Revelation) - Surah Al-Ma'idah
by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
May 20, 2015
Notes typed live
formatted by AT19
Why did Allah reveal 5:2 and what did He say?
O you who believe! Violate not the sanctity of the Symbols of Allah, nor of the Sacred Month, nor of the animals brought for sacrifice, nor the garlanded people or animals, etc. [Marked by the garlands on their necks made from the outer part of the treestems (of Makkah) for their security], nor the people coming to the Sacred House (Makkah), seeking the bounty and good pleasure of their Lord. (Al-Ma'idah 5:2)
Allah revealed this Ayah because the sahabas were going towards Makkah to perform Umrah. They were stopped by the kuffar at the valley of Hudabiyyah. They saw some pagan Arabs going to perform Umrah and they wanted to stopped them like the pagans stopped them earlier. So Allah revealed Surah 5:2.
Why did Allah reveal 5:3 and what did He say?
This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. (Al-Ma'idah 5:3)
This Ayah was revealed on a Friday on the day of Arafat at the farewell pilgrimage 10 years after the Hijrah. A Jew said to Umar, when he became the Caliph, the following (hadith):
Narrated By Tariq bin Shihab: A Jew said to 'Umar, "O Chief of the Believers, if this verse: 'This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favors upon you, and have chosen for you, Islam as your religion.' (5.3) had been revealed upon us, we would have taken that day as an 'Id (festival) day." 'Umar said, "I know definitely on what day this Verse was revealed; it was revealed on the day of 'Arafat, on a Friday." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 9, Book 92, Hadith #373]
Why did Allah reveal 5:4 and what did He say?
They ask you (O Muhammad SAW) what is lawful for them (as food ). Say: "Lawful unto you are AtTayyibat [all kind of Halal (lawfulgood) foods which Allah has made lawful (meat of slaughtered eatable animals, milk products, fats, vegetables and fruits, etc.)]. And those beasts and birds of prey which you have trained as hounds, training and teaching them (to catch) in the manner as directed to you by Allah; so eat of what they catch for you, but pronounce the Name of Allah over it, and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Swift in reckoning." (Al-Ma'idah 5:4)
Allah revealed 5:4 because Abu Rafi said the Rasool (saw) commanded me to kill dogs. So the people said O Messenger of Allah (saw), what is lawful for us from the community of dogs? When they asked this, Allah revealed 5:4. it is worthy of mentioning that, you can only keep the hunting dogs. You can also keep guard dogs to bite the thief by way of qiyas.
Ibn Umar (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “If anyone acquires a dog, or keeps a dog, who is not for hunting or protecting sheep, then two qirats will he deducted from his reward every day.’ [Tirmidhi 1492, Bukhari 5480, Muslim 1574]
The Prophet (saw) cursed the salaries of three people: the soothsayer, prostitute and the man who sells dogs.
Abu Mas’ud al-Badri (RA) said: “The Messenger of Allah (SAW) prohibited the price of a dog, the earning of an prostitute, and the money given to a soothsayer.” [al-Bukhari (2237) and Muslim (1567)]
There is no baraka in these professions or blessings. it is haram to sell dogs because of the hadith above; however, Abu Hanifa disagrees. He says the only dog that is haram is the dog that is a waste of space (useless dog). But if the dog was trained, someone put effort and money into training this dog. it is allowed to sell this dog. Abu Hanifa has the correct opinion about selling dogs.
However, the Angels do not enter a home where there is a dog inside.
Abu Talhah (RA) said: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “The angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a portrait.” [al-Bukhari (3225) and Muslim (2106)]
If you have a dog, keep it outside (not in the home). Dogs are unclean.
Why did Allah reveal 5:5 and what did He say?
Made lawful to you this day are AtTayyibat [all kinds of Halal (lawful) foods, which Allah has made lawful (meat of slaughtered eatable animals, etc., milk products, fats, vegetables and fruits, etc.). The food (slaughtered cattle, eatable animals, etc.) of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) is lawful to you and yours is lawful to them. (Lawful to you in marriage) are chaste women from the believers and chaste women from those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) before your time, when you have given their due Mahr (bridal money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage), desiring chastity (i.e. taking them in legal wedlock) not committing illegal sexual intercourse, nor taking them as girl-friends. And whosoever disbelieves in the Oneness of Allah and in all the other Articles of Faith [i.e. His (Allah's), Angels, His Holy Books, His Messengers, the Day of Resurrection and AlQadar (Divine Preordainments)], then fruitless is his work, and in the Hereafter he will be among the losers. (Al-Ma'idah 5:5)
Note that Allah mentions the word "Girlfriend" (here) in the Quran.
When the sahabas migrated from Makkah to Madina they found people of the Book in Madina. The Jews were there because they knew a Prophet would come there and thought he would be a Jew, but he was an Arab
Allah brought this Ayah so people would know how to interact with the people of the Book. You are allowed to eat their slaughtering. If the Christians did not say "In the name of Jesus" over the meat, you can eat it.
You are allowed to eat the slaughtering of three: the Muslims, Jews and Christians. Some Muslims think that you can only eat the slaughtering of Muslims and all other slaughtering is haram. This is extreme. The Muslim butchers say this to maximize their profit. But Allah says Christian and Jewish meat is also halal. These people practice double standards. They wont eat the meat of the people of the Book, but they will marry a Christian girl and have children with them. To have children with these women, is far worse than eating their meat because if you break up with them, you will loose your children to christianity. They say the Christians of today are not the same as the Christians who lived at the time of the Prophet (saw). This is a weak argument.
Why did Allah reveal 5:72 - 73 and what did He say?
Surely, they have disbelieved who say: "Allah is the Messiah ['Iesa (Jesus)], son of Maryam (Mary)." But the Messiah ['Iesa (Jesus)] said: "O Children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord." Verily, whosoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, then Allah has forbidden Paradise for him, and the Fire will be his abode. And for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrongdoers) there are no helpers. (Al-Ma'idah 5:72)
Surely, disbelievers are those who said: "Allah is the third of the three (in a Trinity)." But there is no ilah (god) (none who has the right to be worshipped) but One Ilah (God -Allah). And if they cease not from what they say, verily, a painful torment will befall the disbelievers among them. (Al-Ma'idah 5:73)
The Council of Nicea took place 200 years before Muhammad (saw) was born 325 CE. At the Council of Nisea they introduced trinity: God the father, son and holy spirit.
Allah refuted them by saying: But there is no ilah (god) (none who has the right to be worshipped) but One Ilah (God -Allah) in 5:73
They made that statement because they do not read the Quran. The trinity was a problem, and this is how Allah addressed the problem. Eventhough Allah said you can marry Christian girls, Umar only allowed it when no Muslim girl was available. see Hadith below:
Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “… as this is the case, it is better not to marry a woman of the people of the Book, because ‘Umar said to those who married women of the people of the Book: ‘Divorce them,’ so they divorced them, except Hudhayfah. Umar said to him: ‘Divorce her.’ (Hudhayfah) said: ‘Do you bear witness that she is haraam?’ He said: ‘She is a live coal, divorce her.’ He said: ‘Do you bear witness that she is haraam?’ He said: ‘She is a live coal.’ He said: ‘I know that she is a live coal, but she is permissible for me.’ A while later, he divorced her and it was said to him: ‘Why did you not divorce her when ‘Umar commanded you to?’ He said: ‘I did not want the people to think that I had done something wrong (by marrying her).’ Perhaps he was fond of her or perhaps they had a child together so he was fond of her.” Al-Mughni, 7/99
My Shaikhs said Umar didn't allow Muslims to marry Christian girls because he thought the Christian girls were easy.
Muawiyya married a Christian girl, Maysum, because he was a shrewed politician. He was able to win the hearts of 1000’s of Christians with this marriage. The shia used this against Muawiyya. They wrote in their books Muawiyyah's Christian wife had an affair and her lover was a Christian man. All the shia history books talk about is who had an affair in the past. Don't go to their Paltalk rooms. You will be confused.com. Paltalk is a double edge sword. You can learn the haqq or otherwise.
Why did Allah reveal 5:11 and what did He say?
O you who believe! Remember the Favour of Allah unto you when some people desired (made a plan) to stretch out their hands against you, but (Allah) withheld their hands from you. So fear Allah. And in Allah let believers put their trust. (Al-Ma'idah 5:11)
This Ayah was revealed about a man from the tribe of Banu Ghatafan. His name was Ghawrath Ibn Harith. He approached his tribe and offered to kill Muhammad (saw) on their behalf. They said yes, and asked how will you accomplish this? He said he would assassinate him.
He found the Rasool (saw) with a sword in his lap. He said "O Muhammad (saw) let me see your sword”. The Prophet (saw) handed him his sword. The man took the sword out of his scabbard (case) and moved about with the sword. When he was about to strike the Prophet (saw), Allah restrained his hand. The man asked Muhammad if he was afraid of him. Muhammad (saw) said No, Allah will protect me from you. When he realized his hands were restrained, he gave the sword back to Muhammad (saw) and left.
Because of this incident, Allah revealed 5:11 reminding the Rasool (saw) that it was His hand that restrained the man.
Why did Allah reveal 5:33 and what did He say?
The recompense of those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger and do mischief in the land is only that they shall be killed or crucified or their hands and their feet be cut off on the opposite sides, or be exiled from the land. That is their disgrace in this world, and a great torment is theirs in the Hereafter. (Al-Ma'idah 5:33)
Allah sent down this verse because some people came to Madina and they got sick from a bug in the air and the Prophet (saw) told them to go to the desert for the cure within the camel milk and urine. They drank it and was cured of their ailment but they did not show gratitude. They apostated, killed the shepherd and drove the camels away.
They were captured and their hands and feet were cut off, their eyes were dug out and they were left in the desert to die.
Narrated Anas: Some people from `Uraina tribe came to Medina and its climate did not suit them, so Allah's Apostle (SAW) allowed them to go to the herd of camels (given as Zakat) and they drank their milk and urine (as medicine) but they killed the shepherd and drove away all the camels. So Allah's Apostle sent (men) in their pursuit to catch them, and they were brought, and he had their hands and feet cut, and their eyes were branded with heated pieces of iron and they were left in the Harra (a stony place at Medina), till they died. [al-Bukhari (6802) and Muslim (1671)]
It is because of this story Allah revealed 5:33
“There is no Imaan for the one who has no Amaanah, and there is no Deen for the one who has no covenant.”(Musnad al-Imaam Ahmad, Volume 3, Musnad Anas bin Maalik)
Allah also mentioned crucifixion in the Quran. So when you see the Mujahideen doing this, don’t say they are doing wrong.
Why did Allah reveal 5:38 and what did He say?
There was a man in Madinah named Tumah ibn Ubayriq, some say he was a munafiq. He was in the habit of breaking into peoples homes in Madinah to steal. He once broke into a home and stole a sack of wheat and an armor. He gave the armor to a Jew for safe keeping. When the people searched for the armor, they found it with the Jew. This thief was so cleaver, he dug a hole in the sack of wheat. When he was stealing the wheat, it poured on the ground so people would think the Jew stole the wheat.
This man even blamed the Jew for stealing the wheat and the Prophet (saw) was going to chop off the hand of the Jew because the man said wallahi, he didn’t steal the armor.
And Allah revealed 4:105-108 to tell the Prophet (saw) the Jew is not a thief.
Surely, We have sent down to you (O Muhammad SAW) the Book (this Qur'an) in truth that you might judge between men by that which Allah has shown you (i.e. has taught you through Divine Inspiration), so be not a pleader for the treacherous. (An-Nisa 4:105)
And seek the Forgiveness of Allah, certainly, Allah is Ever OftForgiving, Most Merciful. (An-Nisa 4:106)
And argue not on behalf of those who deceive themselves. Verily, Allah does not like anyone who is a betrayer of his trust, and indulges in crime. (An-Nisa 4:107)
They may hide (their crimes) from men, but they cannot hide (them) from Allah, for He is with them (by His Knowledge), when they plot by night in words that He does not approve, And Allah ever encompasses what they do. (An-Nisa 4:108)
Allah also revealed Surah 5:38 about this incident with Tumah ibn Ubayriq
Cut off (from the wrist joint) the (right) hand of the thief, male or female, as a recompense for that which they committed, a punishment by way of example from Allah. And Allah is AllPowerful, AllWise. (Al-Ma'idah 5:38)
When he realized he was exposed and his hand was about to be cut off, he ran away and joined the pagans of Makkah. People use to say "wallahi" and lied during the time of the Prophet (saw), but Allah would reveal an Ayah to expose them. This man said wallahi I did not steal, and Allah revealed the Ayah to expose him.
When he arrived in Makkah, he stayed at a house of a pagan woman. But when she found out what he did in Madinah, she asked him to leave. While he was in Makkah, he tried to break into the home of someone else and a wall came down and buried him. He died a murtad, in that pathetic state.
'Abdullah bin `Amr (RA) said that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "There are four things, if you attain them, then whatever you miss in this world will not matter: preserving trust, speaking the truth, being of good character and moderation in eating." [Musnad Ahmad (2/177) No. 6652, Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (6/449) No. 4463, Mustadrak al-Haakim (4/349) No. 7876]
Why did Allah reveal 5:49 and what did He say?
And so judge (you O Muhammad SAW) between them by what Allah has revealed and follow not their vain desires, but beware of them lest they turn you (O Muhammad SAW) far away from some of that which Allah has sent down to you. And if they turn away, then know that Allah's Will is to punish them for some sins of theirs. And truly, most of men are Fasiqun (rebellious and disobedient to Allah). (Al-Ma'idah 5:49)
Some Jews went to the Prophet (saw), and they were the leaders from the Jewish community. They said to him they were planning to embrace Islam but with a condition. They had a dispute with some people and chose the Prophet (saw) to adjudicate in the matter. They asked him to judge in their favor saying they would embrace Islam if he judged in their favor. When they said that to the Prophet (saw), Allah revealed 5:49
Why did Allah reveal 5:51-52 and what did He say?
O you who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians as Auliya' (friends, protectors, helpers, etc.), they are but Auliya' to one another. And if any amongst you takes them as Auliya', then surely he is one of them. Verily, Allah guides not those people who are the Zalimun (polytheists and wrongdoers and unjust). (Al-Ma'idah 5:51)
And you see those in whose hearts there is a disease (of hypocrisy), they hurry to their friendship, saying: "We fear lest some misfortune of a disaster may befall us." Perhaps Allah may bring a victory or a decision according to His Will. Then they will become regretful for what they have been keeping as a secret in themselves. (Al-Ma'idah 5:52)
When the Prophet (saw) migrated from Makkah to Madina, there were three Jewish tribes: Banu Qainuqa, Banu Nader and Banu Quraida. Some sahabas were allies of these Jewish tribes. Some would not renounce their alliance with the Jews. They said they feared the turn of events. If one day the Muslims should lose a battle, they have their Jewish allies to rely upon. When they said that, Allah revealed 5:51 and 5:52
You have seen the Shah of Iran being disgraced for taking USA as his friend and many others like Gaddafi, Saddam... If you call the Dawla the khawarij, you have made a big mistake. There is no Muslim killing Muslim, the Shia are not Muslim according to Ibn Hazm and many other classical scholars.
Ibn Hazm — "Shia are not even Muslims", when Christians debating him brought a Shia book as reference See al-Millal wa al-Nahl الفصل في الملل والنحل 2/213
The Dawla are hard on the Kuffar and soft on the Muslims; however, the khawarij are soft towards the kuffar and hard on the Muslims. Taking sides with the Kuffar against the Muslims is an act of apostasy according to Ibn Hazm and Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab.
Ibn Hazm Stated in Al-Muhalla (11/13: "What is correct is that His statement, the Most High, "And if any amongst you takes them as Auliya', then surely he is one of them." (The Quran 5:51), should be understood on the basis of its apparent meaning. The person being referred to is a disbeliever from the generality of disbelievers, and no two Muslims disagree regarding this."
Sheikh Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahab, may Allah have mercy on him, gathered ten actions that negate one's Islam (Nawaqid ul-'Ashr), the eighth one of which states: "Assisting the disbelievers (against the believers) (Mudhaharatul Mushrikeen) and supporting them against the believers (is from the actions that negates of one's faith). The Proof being the statement of Allah, "And if any amongst you takes them as Auliya', then surely he is one of them. Verily, Allah guides not those people who are the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers and unjust). (The Quran 5:51).”
This is the plight of the Saudi and Pakistani regime. These regimes take sides with the kuffar in killing Muslims in Iraq and Afghanistan. if you doubt they are apostate regimes, you have become an apostate yourself. This is called chain takfir.
Why did Allah reveal 5:55 and what did He say?
Verily, your Walī (Protector or Helper) is Allāh, His Messenger, and the believers, - those who perform As-Salāt (Iqāmat-as-Salāt), and give Zakāt, and they bow down (submit themselves with obedience to Allāh in prayer). (Al-Ma'idah 5:55)
Allah revealed this about the chief Rabbi of Madina who embraced Islam. His name was Abdullah ibn Salam. After Abdullah ibn Salam took shahada he complained that he was mistreated by the Jews so Allah revealed 5:55
Why did Allah reveal 5:59 and what did He say?
Say: "O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Do you criticize us for no other reason than that we believe in Allah, and in (the revelation) which has been sent down to us and in that which has been sent down before (us), and that most of you are Fasiqun [rebellious and disobedient (to Allah)]?" (Al-Ma'idah 5:59)
Allah revealed this Ayah because the Jews asked the Prophet (saw) which Prophets he believed in. He said we believe in Abraham, Ismail, Ishaq, Moses, and Jesus. When he said Jesus, they said we will not embrace Islam because the word Jesus touched a nerve. They believe Jesus was a bastard child and Mary was a harlot. They even sing a song saying Jesus was a bastard:
JEWS SINGING: “JESUS IS A BASTARD”: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KliaqV1uYDs
For this reason, Allah revealed the Ayah 4:59
Why did Allah reveal 5:60 and what did He say?
Say (O Muhammad SAW to the people of the Scripture) : "Shall I inform you of something worse than that, regarding the recompense from Allah: those (Jews) who incurred the Curse of Allah and His Wrath, those of whom (some) He transformed into monkeys and swines, those who worshipped Taghut (false deities); such are worse in rank (on the Day of Resurrection in the Hellfire), and far more astray from the Right Path (in the life of this world)." (Al-Ma'idah 5:60)
Allah spoke about some Jews who he transformed into apes and swine during the time of Prophet David as. Some Jews set the fishnet on a Saturday (their sabbath). They thought they were pulling a stunt on Allah saying they did not work and the fishnet caught the fish on their behalf. When they did this, Allah turned them into apes and swine.
Who did Allah turn into apes?
• those who didn't stop them from breaking the sabbath
Who did Allah turn into swine?
• those who broke the sabbath because to enjoin the right and forbid the wrong is a religious duty
Why did Allah choose these two animals?
• the ape likes to copy what he sees without thinking. So when you copy others without thinking, you behave like an ape.
Why did Allah turn others into swine?
• the swine is shameless. Snce they committed their sin openly without shame, Allah turned them into swine
Why did Allah reveal 5:87 and what did He say?
O you who believe! Make not unlawful the Taiyibat (all that is good as regards foods, things, deeds, beliefs, persons, etc.) which Allah has made lawful to you, and transgress not. Verily, Allah does not like the transgressors. (Al-Ma'idah 5:87)
A man came to the Prophet (saw) and said he would never eat meat again because he thought the meat cause him to want to go to bed with many woman. When he made meat haram for himself Allah revealed 5:87
Why did Allah reveal 5:90-91 and what did He say?
O you who believe! Intoxicants (all kinds of alcoholic drinks), gambling, AlAnsāb, and AlAzlām (arrows for seeking luck or decision) are an abomination of Shaitān's (Satan) handiwork. So avoid (strictly all) that (abomination) in order that you may be successful. (Al-Ma'idah 5:90)
Shaitān (Satan) wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with intoxicants (alcoholic drinks) and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allāh and from As-Salāt (the prayer). So, will you not then abstain? (Al-Ma'idah 5:91)
A group of sahabas from the Ansars and Muhajiroon were eating camel meat and drinking wine because wine was not haram as yet. A man from al Muhajiroon said they were better than the Ansars. This infuriated the Ansars so an Ansar picked up a jawbone of the camel and hit him in the face and severed his nose from his body.
The man complained to the Prophet (saw) so Allah made alcohol haram in 5:90-91. Before this, Alcohol was still halal.
If you drink alcohol, you have no salah for 40 days and 40 nights
‘Abdullah ibn Umar (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “If anyone drinks wine then his salah over forty days are not approved. If he repents then Allah will relent to him. If he reverts (to it), then Allah will not approve his salah over forty days. If he repents, Allah will relent to him but if he reverts (to it) then Allah will not approve his salah over forty days. If he repents then Allah will relent to him. Again, if he reverts the fourth time, Allah will not approve his salah over forty days and if he repents then Allah will not relent to him and He will give him to drink from the river of Khabal.” Someone asked, “O Abu Abdur Rahman! what is the river of Khabal?’ He said, “The pus of the dwellers of the people of fire.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/290) No. 1862, Sunan Nasa'i (8/317) No. 5670, Musnad Ahmad (2/35) No. 4917, al-Mu’jam al-Kabir al-Tabarani (12/390) No. 13441]
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
Q: alamun Alaika sheikh. if you go to a restaurant where your unsure about how the meat was slaughtered, is it sufficient to say bismillah on it even though the dish is already prepared and brought to you cooked?
It is not the sunnah of the Prophet (saw) to ask the people who prepared the food how it was slaughtered. If you are in a Christian country and the culture of the people is that they kill the animal and the blood drains out, assume it is halal. A doubt cannot be used to pronounce something haram. Every thing is halal unless proven haram according to shariah law.
Certainly, conjecture can be of no avail against the truth. Surely, Allāh is All-Aware of what they do. (Yunus 10:36)
So you cannot say you are not going to eat a meat because you think it is haram.
Q: Aswr sheikh, what did Allah's Messenger (SAWS) mean by saying "there is no Deen for the one who has no covenant.”
It means if we cannot trust you, you are a fake Muslim and it means if you do not keep your word, you are a hypocrite. We should be able to trust you with our secrets, money and women. Don't borrow out money with the intention of not paying it back. Do not seek to seduce our wives and daughters. The hypocrites cannot be trusted, they cheat and they have no word of honor. The Prophet (saw) said the signs of a munafiq are four:
Abu Hurayra (RA) reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW), said, "Anyone who carries arms against us is not one of us. Anyone who cheats us is not one of us." [Sahih Muslim, Book 1, Hadith #182]
“There is no Imaan for the one who has no Amaanah, and there is no Deen for the one who has no covenant.”(Musnad al-Imaam Ahmad, Volume 3, Musnad Anas bin Maalik)
'Abdullah ibn 'Amr narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said, "If anyone has four characteristics, he is a pure hypocrite, and if anyone has one of them, he has an aspect of hypocrisy until he gives it up: whenever he is trusted, he betrays his trust; whenever he speaks, he lies; when he makes an agreement, he breaks it; and when he quarrels, he deviates from the truth by speaking falsely." [al-Bukhari (34) and Muslim (58)]