Saturday, May 23, 2015

(Notes & Audio) Science of Quran - Pt 8 -The Causes of Revelation: Surah NISA

Science of Quran - Part 8 -The Causes of Revelation: Surah NISA
By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
May 15, 2015
 

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Notes typed live by AT19
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Why did Allah reveal 4:76 and what did He say?

Those who believe, fight in the Cause of Allah, and those who disbelieve, fight in the cause of Taghut (Satan, etc.). So fight you against the friends of Shaitan (Satan); Ever feeble indeed is the plot of Shaitan (Satan). (An-Nisa 4:76)

Allah revealed this Ayah because when the Prophet (saw) came with his mission, he found a lot of asabiyah [racism, tribalism, nationalism] and clannishness. it was the custom of the Arabs to launch wars lasting for many years, all for tribalism.  In order to eradicate this, Allah revealed 4:76.

Narrated Jubair ibn Mut’im: The Messenger of Allah (SAW), said: "He is not one us who calls for `Asabiyah, (nationalism/tribalism) or who fights for `Asabiyah or who dies for `Asabiyah." [Sunan Abu Dawud (Vol. 2, pg. 753) No. 5121]

The only time you are allowed to join a caravan, is when it is in the cause of Allah
 
Narrated By Abu Musa: A man came to the Prophet and asked, "A man fights for war booty; another fights for fame and a third fights for showing off; which of them fights in Allah's Cause?" The Prophet said, "He who fights that Allah's Word (i.e. Islam) should be superior, fights in Allah's Cause." [al-Bukhari (123) and Muslim (1904)]

Allah said in the following Quranic verse, about this matter:
 
Those who believe, fight in the Cause of Allah, and those who disbelieve, fight in the cause of Taghut (Satan, etc.). So fight you against the friends of Shaitan (Satan); Ever feeble indeed is the plot of Shaitan (Satan). (An-Nisa 4:76)

As a believer, the only time you are allowed to sacrifice your life is when you are fighting with the "real" mujahideen, not like jaba tu nusra who are fighting for fame. They are fighting against the dawla.  Don't be a fool and die for democracy or people fighting with people who fight the mujahideen.

If you fire one shot at the mujahideen, you have committed a big crime in Islam and you are at the mercy of the Khalif if you are caught.  Some are forgiven, and some are killed who are caught.  The ones who were freed were sent to school and studied Nawaqid al Islam (what nullifies your Islam).  The Khalif or the Army General (if the Khalif is unavailable) decides who lives or dies of those who are caught.
 
All the apostate leaders are called the taghoot.
 
Why did Allah reveal 4:76 and what did He say?

Have you not seen those who were told to hold back their hands (from fighting) and perform As-Salat (IqamatasSalat), and give Zakat, but when the fighting was ordained for them, behold! a section of them fear men as they fear Allah or even more. They say: "Our Lord! Why have you ordained for us fighting? Would that you had granted us respite for a short period?" Say: "Short is the enjoyment of this world. The Hereafter is (far) better for him who fears Allah, and you shall not be dealt with unjustly even equal to the Fatila (a scalish thread in the long slit of a datestone). (An-Nisa 4:77)

This Ayah was revealed about some companions of the Prophet (saw) who were being humiliated by the pagans.  They ask if they could do jihad against the kuffar  The Prophet (saw) told them to restrain their hands because Allah had not grant permission to fight against the kuffar as yet.  When they arrived in Madina, Allah commanded them to fight the kuffar. These same sahabas, when they went to Madina, disliked jihad because doing so meant you had to kill your brother, father or cousin. During the first battle (of Badr), they came face to face with their relatives and some sahahabas ended up killing their relatives. So Umar killed his maternal uncle, and Abu Ubayda ibn al Jarrah killed his father.
 
 Why did Allah reveal 4:78 and what did He say?

 "Wheresoever you may be, death will overtake you even if you are in fortresses built up strong and high!" And if some good reaches them, they say, "This is from Allah," but if some evil befalls them, they say, "This is from you (O Muhammad SAW)." Say: "All things are from Allah," so what is wrong with these people that they fail to understand any word? (An-Nisa 4:78)
 
Allah revealed this Ayah because when the battle of Uhud came, the hypocrites of Madina stayed behind and refused to march forward because they feared the Quraish whose army were more than 3000. This battle was for revenge. The sahabas went with 700 strong against the 3000 kuffar.  Some dashed down the hill causing the the Muslims to lose the second phase of the battle. The first phase was successful. 70 sahabas died at Uhud.  When the news reached the believers, some hypocrites said "I told you so" saying their companions would be alive today if they had stayed behind in Madina.  When they said that, Allah revealed 4:78
 
This subject is very popular with the Muslims because it is like telling you bedtime stories.
 
Why did Allah reveal 4:79 and what did He say?

Whatever of good reaches you, is from Allah, but whatever of evil befalls you, is from yourself. And We have sent you (O Muhammad SAW) as a Messenger to mankind, and Allah is Sufficient as a Witness. (An-Nisa 4:79)
 .
When the Muslims won at the battle of Badr, they were happy and it caused them to grow in Iman. When they lost at the battle of Uhud, no one was expecting it and they were puzzled and said "why did we lose, our religion is the haqq and their religion is batil”? When they ask this question, Allah revealed 4:79. They lost at the battle of Uhud because they did not obey the Prophet (saw). 

They did not disobey the Prophet (saw) again. They learnt their lesson and they never lose another battle.
 
Why did Allah reveal 4:88 and what did He say?

Then what is the matter with you that you are divided into two parties about the hypocrites? Allah has cast them back (to disbelief) because of what they have earned. Do you want to guide him whom Allah has made to go astray? And he whom Allah has made to go astray, you will never find for him any way (of guidance). (An-Nisa 4:88)

Some Arabs went to Madina to live with the Prophet (saw).  They came from the desert. When they arrived in Madina, a fever was going around. They caught the fever and couldn’t cope with the fitna of falling ill so they left Madina and apostated from Islam.  Some sahabas saw them and ask why they left Madina. They said they tried their luck and decided to leave.
 
I met a born Muslim who left Islam. His reasoning was because Allah gave him a disabled son and he couldn't cope with it asking why did Allah do this to me.

Haroon ar Rasheed’s doctor ask him if he became terminally ill, would he give back his empire if promised good health? He said YES.
 
Your health is an amaana a trust from Allah. So take care of your health
 
These people who came to Madina to be with the Prophet, left Madina and apostated because they couldn't cope with an illness. Some sahabas made takfir on them, while others refused to make takfir on them. Allah didn't like the division the sahabas were divided about their spiritual status, so Allah revealed 4:88.

Then what is the matter with you that you are divided into two parties about the hypocrites? Allah has cast them back (to disbelief) because of what they have earned. Do you want to guide him whom Allah has made to go astray? And he whom Allah has made to go astray, you will never find for him any way (of guidance). (An-Nisa 4:88)

 In our midst today, we have a lot of hypocrites and the Muslims are divided and confused them. For example, their are Muslims in the kuffar Army fighting against other Muslims. So how can you be divided about them? These people fight against the mujahideen.

Also, their are spies planted in the masjid to spy on behalf of CIA, FBI, MI5 and Mosad. Why? Because no one taught them tawheed, kufr bit taghoot and al wala wal bara. How can you be divided about a man who said Jesus was crucified and the Quran got it wrong on BBC, CNN or FoxNews?

How can you be divided about a Madkhali who say their shaikhs told them they are allowed to spy on the Muslims for the kuffar, and lock them up and throw away the key?
 
How can you be divided about a man who comes on youtube and says you can pray to Muhammad in the grave begging him for what you want because Muhammad (saw) is not dead?
 
 HAMZA YUSUF: PRAY TO MUHAMMAD: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TFezsaQnzhk

 Hamza Yusuf doesn't believe in "You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything). (Al-Fatihah 1:5)
 
 Why did Allah reveal 4:89 and what did He say?
 
This Ayah tells you, you are allowed to kill apostates, but this command can ONLY be implemented in Darul Islam, not in the USA, the UK or any other Darul Harb.
 
They wish that you reject Faith, as they have rejected (Faith), and thus that you all become equal (like one another). So take not Auliyā' (protectors or friends) from them, till they emigrate in the Way of Allāh (to Muhammad SAW). But if they turn back (from Islām), take (hold) of them and kill them wherever you find them, and take neither Auliyā' (protectors or friends) nor helpers from them. (An-Nisa 4:89)

On the authority of Ibn Abbas (RA) narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "If somebody (a Muslim) discards his religion, kill him." [Sahih Bukhari (4/61) No. 3017, Musnad Ahmad (1/322) No. 2968, Sunan al-Nasa'i (7/104) No. 4059, Sunan Ibn Majah (3/574) No. 2535, Sunan Abu Dawud (4/126) No. 4351, Sunan Tirmidhi (4/59) No. 1458]

Many of you ask why does the Dawla fight against the FSA? The FSA have adopted a new religion called democracy. They do not fight for Islam. Democracy is the religion of the satan.
 
Why did Allah reveal 4:92 and what did He say?

It is not for a believer to kill a believer except (that it be) by mistake, and whosoever kills a believer by mistake, (it is ordained that) he must set free a believing slave and a compensation (blood money, i.e Diya) be given to the deceased's family, unless they remit it. If the deceased belonged to a people at war with you and he was a believer; the freeing of a believing slave (is prescribed), and if he belonged to a people with whom you have a treaty of mutual alliance, compensation (blood money - Diya) must be paid to his family, and a believing slave must be freed. And whoso finds this (the penance of freeing a slave) beyond his means, he must fast for two consecutive months in order to seek repentance from Allāh. And Allāh is Ever AllKnowing, AllWise (An-Nisa 4:92)

When you kill a Muslim by mistake, you have to pay dia (blood money) equal to 100 camels. Don't think the life of a Muslim is cheap.

An example of killing a Muslim by mistake: you are speeding and kill a Muslim with your car because you broke the red light. You did not deliberately kill him. The family can forgive you and you will not have to pay.

Allah revealed this Ayah because a man, Al Harith ibn Shadid, was famously known as an enemy of the Prophet (saw).  He offended a Muslim by his behavior. Ayyash ibn abi Rabi’ah was from a rich tribe called Makhzumia. Ayyash went to Madina with the Prophet (saw). When he was on the outskirts of Madina, he saw Al Harith. Having a change of heart Al Harith was coming to Madina to take shahada and he wanted to be with the Prophet (saw).  But when Ayyash saw Al Harith coming on the path, he pounced on him and chopped off his head. Ayyash didn't know what was in Al Harith's heart.  He didn't know Al Harith had a change of heart and was coming to take his shahada

It is impossible for you to know what is in a persons heart, Ayyash was from a rich family. Ayyash didn't kill him in Makkah because Jihad wasn't pronounced in Makkah. When he killed him, the people gathered around asking him why he killed him. Ayyash was grieved by his mistake, so Allah revealed (4:92):
 
It is not for a believer to kill a believer except (that it be) by mistake, and whosoever kills a believer by mistake.. (An-Nisa 4:92)

 It is not for a believer to kill a believer except (that it be) by mistake... (An-Nisa 4:92)

But what if you killed a Muslim deliberately? The family of the victim can:
    •    still forgive you, or
    •    they can say we can take money, or
    •    they can say they want you to die

You are at the mercy of the family if you kill a Muslim deliberately. Also, if you kill a believer, all of his sins will be transferred to you.
 
Why did Allah reveal 4:94 and what did He say?

O you who believe! When you go (to fight) in the Cause of Allāh, verify (the truth), and say not to anyone who greets you (by embracing Islām): "You are not a believer"; seeking the perishable goods of the worldly life. There are much more profits and booties with Allāh. Even as he is now, so were you yourselves before till Allāh conferred on you His Favours (i.e. guided you to Islām), therefore, be cautious in discrimination. Allāh is Ever WellAware of what you do. (An-Nisa 4:94)
 
Allah sent this Ayah because some sahabas passed by a man from the tribe Banu Sulaym who had a herd of sheep with him.  He said "As salaamu alaikum”.  The sahabas said he only gave salaam because he wanted to save his life.  The sahabas killed him anyway saying his salaam was fake.  They killed him, took all his sheep and took the sheep back to the Prophet. This man was a real Muslim and his salaam was not fake.  So Allah revealed the Ayah to correct the behavior of the sahabas.  You should always give people who give you salaam the benefit of the doubt. 

The neo Khawarij say if I go to Pakistan and I see a man who gives me salaam, I will not return the salaam because most of the people there are Berailvis even if the man has a beard and appears to be Muslim.  But you should always reply to the salaam giving the benefit of the doubt.

Why did Allah reveal 4:95 and what did He say?
 
Not equal are those of the believers who sit (at home), except those who are disabled (by injury or are blind or lame, etc.), and those who strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allāh with their wealth and their lives. Allāh has preferred in grades those who strive hard and fight with their wealth and their lives above those who sit (at home). Unto each, Allāh has promised good (Paradise), but Allāh has preferred those who strive hard and fight, above those who sit (at home) by a huge reward; (An-Nisa 4:95)

This Ayah was revealed for a blind sahaba named Abdullah ibn umm Maktoom to tell him, people like him who are blind do not have to go to jihad.
 
Do you know a man in a wheelchair can do jihad today? This is because he can sit by the roadside and blow up a kaafir tank by pushing a button. Jihad today is press button.
 
Why did Allah reveal 4:97 - 98 and what did He say?
 
Verily! As for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are wronging themselves (as they stayed among the disbelievers even though emigration was obligatory for them), they (angels) say (to them): "In what (condition) were you?" They reply: "We were weak and oppressed on earth." They (angels) say: "Was not the earth of Allāh spacious enough for you to emigrate therein?" Such men will find their abode in Hell - What an evil destination! (An-Nisa 4:97)

Except the weak ones among men, women and children who cannot devise a plan, nor are they able to direct their way. (An-Nisa 4:98)
 .
Allah revealed this Ayah because some hypocrites refused to leave Makkah saying they could not cope with life in Madina so they stayed behind in Makkah.  Some of them joined the army of Quraish and fought against the Muslims at the battle of Badr, yet they were suppose to be Muslims. They died in the battle and the angel smite their faces and their backs.  The angels asked them why did you stay behind?  They said they were weak and oppressed in the land.  They didn't have any tawwakul thinking if they made hijra, they would starve when they said they were oppressed, the angels said wasn't Allah's earth spacious enough for you to make hijra?  And Allah revealed 4:97-98
 .
 Ibn Hazm (rh) states that: “Whoever joins the ‘land of war’ and disbelief, of his own free will and in defiance of whoever amongst the Muslims calls him to his side, is by virtue of this act an apostate, by all the laws of apostasy, in Islam. Whoever is able to kill him must do so. His property is unprotected, his marriage null and void, all his rights are swept away. [Ibn Hazm, al-Muhalla’: (13/139-140)]

Some Muslims of today prefer to live among the Jews and Christians instead of going to the Dawla
 
On the authority of Abu Abdullah Jabir bin Abdullah al-Ansaree (RA) that: A man questioned the Messenger of Allah (SAW) and said, "Do you think that if I perform the obligatory prayers, fast in Ramadhan, treat as lawful that which is halal, and treat as forbidden that which is haram, and do not increase upon that [in voluntary good deeds], then I shall enter Paradise?" He (SAW) replied, "Yes." It was related by Muslim.

It was narrated from Samurah that the Prophet (SAW) said: “Do not live among the mushrikeen and do not mix with them, for whoever lives among them or mixes with them is not one of us.” [al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Bayhaqi (9/240) No. 18420 and Mustadrak al-Haakim (2/154) No. 2627. adh-Dhahabi graded this on the conditions of Bukhari and Muslim]
 
On the authority of Jarir bin 'Abdullah that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) sent a military expedition to Khath'am. So some people (living there) sought safety by prostrating, but they were met quickly and killed. News of this reached the Prophet (SAW) upon which he commanded that they be given half of the 'Aql (blood money).  And he said: "I am free from every Muslim that lives among the idolaters." They said: "O Messenger of Allah: How is that?" He said: "They should not see each other's campfires." [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/155) No. 1604 and Sunan Abu Dawud (3/45) No. 2645]
 
"I am free from every Muslim that lives among the idolaters." They said: "O Messenger of Allah: How is that?" He said: "They should not see each other's campfires." [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/155) No. 1604 and Sunan Abu Dawud (3/45) No. 2645]
 
Why did Allah reveal 4:100 and what did He say?
 
He who emigrates (from his home) in the Cause of Allāh, will find on earth many dwelling places and plenty to live by. And whosoever leaves his home as an emigrant unto Allāh and His Messenger, and death overtakes him, his reward is then surely incumbent upon Allāh. And Allāh is Ever OftForgiving, Most Merciful. (An-Nisa 4:100)

This Ayah is about Habib ibn Damrah who was very old and had sons.  When the Muslims were leaving for Madina he said to his sons he wanted to go. When he reached a town called Tan'im he passed away. Even though he died before he reached Madina, he will get the blessings of making hijra.

If your intention is to make Hijra, Allah will give you the reward for your intention
 
Why did Allah reveal 4:102 and what did He say?
 
When you (O Messenger Muhammad SAW) are among them, and lead them in As-Salāt (the prayer), let one party of them stand up [in Salāt (prayer)] with you taking their arms with them; when they finish their prostrations, let them take their positions in the rear and let the other party come up which has not yet prayed, and let them pray with you taking all the precautions and bearing arms. Those who disbelieve wish, if you were negligent of your arms and your baggage, to attack you in a single rush, but there is no sin on you if you put away your arms because of the inconvenience of rain or because you are ill, but take every precaution for yourselves. Verily, Allāh has prepared a humiliating torment for the disbelievers. (An-Nisa 4:102)

Some sahabas prayed salatul Zuhr and some pagans were looking at them and thought they were vulnerable saying we should have killed them while their heads were on the ground. But one of the kaafirs said wait, another salah is coming and the Muslims love this salah more than they love their parents. It was salatul Asr.  When the kuffar discussed between themselves, the Angel Gabriel came and revealed 4:102
 
When you (O Messenger Muhammad SAW) are among them, and lead them in As-Salāt (the prayer), let one party of them stand up [in Salāt (prayer)] with you taking their arms with them; when they finish their prostrations, let them take their positions in the rear and let the other party come up which has not yet prayed, and let them pray with you taking all the precautions and bearing arms. Those who disbelieve wish, if you were negligent of your arms and your baggage, to attack you in a single rush, but there is no sin on you if you put away your arms because of the inconvenience of rain or because you are ill, but take every precaution for yourselves. Verily, Allāh has prepared a humiliating torment for the disbelievers. (An-Nisa 4:102)

4:102 was revealed between Zuhr and Asr
 
Why did Allah reveal 4:128 and what did He say?
 
And if a woman fears cruelty or desertion on her husband's part, there is no sin on them both if they make terms of peace between themselves; and making peace is better. And human inner-selves are swayed by greed. But if you do good and keep away from evil, verily, Allāh is Ever WellAcquainted with what you do. (An-Nisa 4:128)

Ayesha said this Ayah came down about a woman who could not give birth and she was afraid her husband would divorce her saying she would give up her rights if he did not divorce her.
 
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS (5)
  
Q: asalam alekum shaikh we see the dowlah executing the rafida like flies and so i wanted to know what was the background of this verse "It is not for the prophet that he should have prisoners of war until he had made a great slaughter in the land..." surah 8 verse 67
 
This verse came down at the battle of Badr when the Prophet (saw) had 70 captives. Abu Bakr said to keep them and charge them money to free themselves. Umar said to kill them, but Allah preferred the opinion of Umar, so He revealed the following verse:

It is not for a Prophet that he should have prisoners of war (and free them with ransom) until he had made a great slaughter (among his enemies) in the land. You desire the good of this world (i.e. the money of ransom for freeing the captives), but Allāh desires (for you) the Hereafter. And Allāh is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (Al-Anfal 8:67)

 The Prophet (saw) took Abu Bakr's opinion and Allah revealed 8:67 to correct the Prophet.

Taking captives is counter productive because they slow you down. It is always better to kill captives when you are conquring a country based upon the advice of Allah in the above Ayah. Genghis Khan implemented this rule to a tee and he did not take any captives. So Genghis Khan was successful in conquring nations.
  
Q: Did Muhammed saw come with war, peace or both because some wicked scholars distort this fact
 
 The Prophet (saw) came with both, peace and war.
 
Abu Hurayra said, "When the Messenger of Allah (SAW), died and Abu Bakr was khalifa and those of the Arabs who were going to reject rejected, 'Umar said, 'How can we fight people when the Messenger of Allah said, "I am commanded to fight people until they say, 'There is no god but Allah.' Whoever says that, his property and life are protected from me, except when there is a legal right to them, and his reckoning is up to Allah."?' Abu Bakr said, 'By Allah, I will fight anyone who makes a distinction between prayer and zakat! Zakat is the right which is due on wealth. By Allah, if they refuse me a nose- rope which they used to pay to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, I will fight them for refusing it!' 'Umar said, 'By Allah, then I realised that Allah had expanded Abu Bakr's breast in respect of the decision to fight and I recognised that it was the truth." [al-Bukhari and Muslim]


On the authority of Jabir the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "... Jihad is compulsory on you until Judgment Day..." [al-Mu'jam al-Awsat al-Tabarani (5/95) No. 4775 and Abu Naeem al-Asbahani in 'Hilyatul Awliya' (3/73)]

Salamah bin Nufail Al-Kindi (RA) said that one day I was sitting with Prophet (SAW) then a person said ”O Prophet of Allah! The value of horse has decreased in the eyes of people and they have left the weapons and they say that Jihad has ended, because battle has ended." On hearing this the Prophet (SAW) faced him and said: "They are lying, fighting has stopped for now and a section (group) of my Ummah will always fight (do Jihad) for the truth. Allah will turn them away from Kufr to Imaan and will give them rizq from amongst them until Qiyamah and until the promise of Allah comes. And Allah has written good in the forehead of horses until Qiyamah. And He has revealed on me that my ruh (soul) will be taken away and you will follow me after dividing into several groups, and you will kill each other. And the center (‘Uqr) of Mumineen (believers) is Ash-Shaam." [Sunan al-Nasa'i (6/214) No. 3561, Musnad Ahmad (4/104) No. 17006, Sahih Ibn Hibban (16/296) No. 7307]

 “O people of Quraysh! Hear this: By Him in Whose Hand is the soul of Muhammad, I have come to you, to slaughter you.” [Musnad Ahmad (2/218) No. 7036]
  
Q. salam alaykum shaykh, what about those muslims traped behind enemy lines. there on no fly list or on heavy watch by the feds and cant make hijr without imprisonment. Is there special mercy for them?
 
Yes, the special mercy can be found in 4:98. You may have to go by boat if possible.
 
Except the weak ones among men, women and children who cannot devise a plan, nor are they able to direct their way. (An-Nisa 4:98)