Thursday, July 30, 2015

(Notes & Audio) Tafsir Ayatul Kursi

TAFSIR AYATUL KURSI
By Shaikh Faisal


Notes typed live by AT19
Edited and formatted by BintZaki and AT19

July 29, 2015




Ayatul Kursi is Ayah 255 in Surah Baqarah (2:255)

Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. [This Verse 2:255 is called Ayat-ul-Kursi.] (Al-Baqarah 2:255)

The Rasool (saw) described Ayatul Kursi as the Greatest Ayah of the Holy Quran

It was reported in a saheeh hadeeth from the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that it is the greatest aayah in the Book of Allaah… It was narrated from Ubayy, i.e., Ubayy ibn Ka’b that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) asked him which aayah in the Book of Allaah was the greatest. He said, “Allaah and His Messenger know best.” He repeated it several times, then he said, “Aayat al-Kursiy.” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Congratulations upon your knowledge O Abu’l-Mundhir. By the One in Whose hand is my soul, it has a tongue and two lips, and it glorifies the Sovereign (i.e., Allaah) at the foot of the Throne.”This was also narrated by Muslim, without the phrase “By the One in Whose hand is my soul…”.

Ayatul Kursi is for your protection:
  • It protects you from the evil eye, black magic and the jinn
  • It protects you throughout the day
  • It drives away the shaitan
Ayatul Kursi contains the Greatest Name of Allah; Allah has 99 names and the greatest name is Allah. Hence, the Prophet (saw) said:

'Whenever you go to bed, recite Ayat-al-Kursi from the beginning to the end ---- Allahu la ilaha illa huwa-lHaiy-ul-Qaiyum----.' He further said to me, '(If you do so), Allah will appoint a guard for you who will stay with you, and no satan will come near you till morning.' (Abu Huraira or another sub-narrator) added that they (the companions) were very keen to do good deeds. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, "He really spoke the truth, although he is an absolute liar. Do you know whom you were talking to, these three nights, O Abu Huraira?" Abu Huraira said, "No." He said, “It was Satan." (Sahih al-Bukhari: Vol. 3, Bk 38, Hadith 505)

Allah's greatest name is in these two Ayah: ‘And your deity is One deity, there is none who has the right to be worshipped but He, Ar-Raḥmān, Ar-Raḥīm.’ And the Opening of Al-`Imrān: ‘Alif. Lām. Mīm. Allah, None has the right to be worshipped but He, the Ever living, the Sustainer.’” (At-Tirmidhi: Vol. 6, Bk 45, Hadith 3478)

Asma bint Yazid narrated that the Prophet (saw) said: “Allah’s greatest name is in these two Ayah: ‘And your deity is One deity, there is none who has the right to be worshipped but He Ar-Raḥmān, Ar-Raḥīm.’ And the Opening of Al-`Imrān: ‘Alif. Lām. Mīm. Allah, None has the right to be worshipped but He, the Ever living, the Sustainer.’” (At-Tirmidhi: Vol. 6, Bk 45, Hadith 3478)

Ayatul Kursi should be recited after every fardh (obligatory) salah:

It is narrated from Abu Umamah (RA) that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said, “ Whoever reads ayat al-kursi after every mandatory (fardh) prayer, only his death prevents his entry into Jannah.” (al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Nasa'i(9/44) No. 9848 and al-Mu’jam al-Kabir al-Tabarani (8/114) No. 7532)

THESE ARE THE MERITS OF AYATUL KURSI

Allah has 99 names, whoever memorizes them and acts upon them will enter paradise. Ayatul Kursi contains the greatest name, Allah:

Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: “Allah has ninety-nine Names, i.e., one hundred minus one, and whoever ‘ahsaha' (enumerates them, believes in them, ponders their meanings, worships Allah by them and supplicates with them, and acts by them according to one's belief in them) will enter Paradise.” (al-Bukhari (7392) and Muslim (2677))

The Arabic word, al ism al A'tham means the Greatest Name. When speaking, it is makrooh to call Allah by any other name besides Allah. However when Muslims give Dawah, they say ‘God’ for the sake of Dawah. But, when you are speaking to a fellow Muslim you should only call Allah by His Name, not ‘God’.

Allah’s name, al Hayy means the Ever Living (the one who cannot die)

As for His other attribute, al Qayyum means the one who Sustains everything that exist in the Heavens and the earth. The expression la illaha illahu means there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah.

In Ayatul Kursi, Allah said: neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him. The following Hadith of the Prophet (saw) explains further:

Narrated: Abu Musa “The Messenger of Allah (saw) said: ‘Allah does not sleep, and it is not befitting that He should sleep. He lowers the Scales and raises them. His Veil is Light and if He were to remove it, the glory of His Face would burn everything of His creation, as far as His gaze reaches.’” Then Abu ‘Ubaidah recited this Verse: ‘Blessed is whosoever is in the fire, (i.e. the light of Allah) and whosoever is round about it! And Glorified is Allah, the Lord of all that exists.”[27:8] (Sahih Ibn Majah: Hadith 196)

If Allah should sleep, who will govern the Heavens and the earth?

To sleep is a sign of weakness. Sleep is a form of imperfection and Allah is above all imperfections, this is why as Muslims we say subhan'Allah.

The Veil and the Hijab of Allah is light; hence, no one can see Allah. However, Allah will grant the believers the privilege to see Allah in the Hereafter.

Please note: Allah did not Say ‘He does not sleep’ as if He (swt) just chooses not to sleep. Rather Allah said, ‘sleep does not overtake Him’, showing that He (swt) does not need sleep nor does He (swt) choose to sleep showing that He is above any imperfection.

The Prophet (saw) said, ‘Verily Allah does not sleep and it does not befit Him to sleep’ (Muslim, Vol 1, # 343)

Why do we say Subhan'Allah?

Because we are saying Allah is above all of the imperfections humans ascribe to Him. Hence, Allah said in the following Ayahs:

Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they attribute unto Him! And peace be on the Messengers! And all the praise and thanks be to Allah, Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). (As-Saffat: 180-182)

Why do we correct the Imam by saying Subhan'Allah when he makes a mistake during salah?

Because we understand that an Imam is human and prone to making mistakes but Allah does not make mistakes.

The Statement in Ayatul Kursi:

To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. (Baqarah: 255)

is similar to Ayahs 93-95 in Surah Maryam:

There is none in the heavens and the earth but comes unto the Most Beneficent (Allah) as a slave. Verily, He knows each one of them, and has counted them a full counting. And everyone of them will come to Him alone on the Day of Resurrection (without any helper, or protector or defender). (Maryam 19:93-95)

The statement is also similar to Surah ar-Ra'd:2

Allah is He Who raised the heavens without any pillars that you can see. Then, He Istawa (rose above) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty). He has subjected the sun and the moon (to continue going round)! Each running (its course) for a term appointed. He regulates all affairs, explaining the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail, that you may believe with certainty in the meeting with your Lord. (Ra'd 13:2)

It is also similar to Surah Mulk:1

Blessed is He in Whose Hand is the dominion, and He is Able to do all things. (Al-Mulk: 1)

The other statement in Ayatul Kursi:

Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? (Baqarah: 255)

is similar to Surah Najm:26 where Allah made mention of shafa'a again:

And there are many angels in the heavens, whose intercession will avail nothing except after Allah has given leave for whom He wills and pleases. (An-Najm: 26)

There are many angels are in the Heavens who intercede for people, but the intercession will not be accepted except by the permission of Allah. Intercession is a reality in the Dunya and in the Akhira and it is only the khawarij that deny intercession in the Dunya and the Akhira.

There are things that intercede for the servants of Allah in the Dunya. Linguistically, the term 'shafaa’ah’ means to make an odd number an even one. Traditionally, shafaa’ah refers to petitioning on behalf of someone to obtain benefit or ward off harm. Intercession is to beg Allah to do good for someone.

WHAT ARE THE VARIOUS TYPES OF INTERCESSIONS?

1. The Great Intercession

The great intercession is the intercession of Muhammad (saw) for mankind on the Day of Recompense. This will occur when all the other Prophets refuse to make intercession for mankind, so Muhammad (saw) will step forward and Allah will allow him to intercede:

Narrated Abu Huraira: We were in the company of the Prophet (saw) at a banquet and a cooked (mutton) forearm was set before him, and he used to like it. He ate a morsel of it and said, "I will be the chief of all the people on the Day of Resurrection. Do you know how Allah will gather all the first and the last (people) in one level place where an observer will be able to see (all) of them and they will be able to hear the announcer, and the sun will come near to them. Some People will say: Don't you see, in what condition you are and the state to which you have reached? Why don't you look for a person who can intercede for you with your Lord? Some people will say: Appeal to your father, Adam.' They will go to him and say: 'O Adam! You are the father of all mankind, and Allah created you with His Own Hands, and ordered the angels to prostrate for you, and made you live in Paradise. Will you not intercede for us with your Lord? Don't you see in what (miserable) state we are, and to what condition we have reached?' On that Adam will reply, 'My Lord is so angry as He has never been before and will never be in the future; (besides), He forbade me (to eat from) the tree, but I disobeyed (Him), (I am worried about) myself! Myself! Go to somebody else; go to Noah.' They will go to Noah and say; 'O Noah! You are the first amongst the messengers of Allah to the people of the earth, and Allah named you a thankful slave. Don't you see in what a (miserable) state we are and to what condition we have reached? Will you not intercede for us with your Lord? Noah will reply: 'Today my Lord has become so angry as he had never been before and will never be in the future Myself! Myself! Go to the Prophet (Muhammad). The people will come to me, and I will prostrate myself underneath Allah's Throne. Then I will be addressed: 'O Muhammad! Raise your head; intercede, for your intercession will be accepted, and ask (for anything). for you will be given. “ (Bukhari : Vol. 4, Book 55, Hadith 556)

The Prophet (saw) said he will be the most noble son of Adam on the Day of Judgment (DOJ)

Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: “I am the most noble of Adam’s descendants on the Day of Resurrection. I am the first whose grave shall be opened. I am the first to offer intercession. I am the first whose intercession shall be accepted.” (Sahih Muslim (4/1782) No. 2278)

2. The Intercession of the Shaheed for 70 Members of His Family

Narrated Al-Miqdam bin Ma'diykarib:That the Messenger of Allah () said: "There are six things with Allah for the martyr. He is forgiven with the first flow of blood (he suffers), he is shown his place in Paradise, he is protected from punishment in the grave, secured from the greatest terror, the crown of dignity is placed upon his head - and its gems are better than the world and what is in it - he is married to seventy two wives along Al-Huril-'Ayn of Paradise, and he may intercede for seventy of his close relatives." (Abu ‘Eisa said: This Hadith is Hasan Sahih. at-Tirmidhi : Vol. 3, Book 20, Hadith 1663)

This is a strong Hadith

3. The Intercession of the Hafiz for His Family

The hafiz will be able to intercede for 10 members of his family.

On the authority of Jabir the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: “The bearer of the Qur’an, if he regards what it permits as halal and what it forbids as haram, he will intercede for ten of his family members on the Day of Resurrection, all of whom deserved to enter Hell.” (al-Mu'jam al-Awsat al-Tabarani (5/260) No. 5258 and Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (4/22 No. 2438] (Classified Daeef))

Although this is a weak Hadith, one can use it to encourage Muslims to do pious deeds. In Islam, we don't discard weak Hadiths, we only discard fabricated Hadiths because they cannot be used for anything.

4. The Intercession of the Angels

The marfoo’ hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him): “By the One in Whose hand is my soul, none of you can be more insistent in asking Allaah to restore his rights against his opponent than the believers who will ask Allaah, on the Day of Resurrection, (to grant them the power of intercession) for their brothers who are in the Fire. They will say, ‘Our Lord, they used to fast with us and pray and perform Hajj.’ It will be said to them, ‘Bring out those whom you recognize, so the Fire will be forbidden to burn them.’ So they will bring out many people… And Allaah will say: ‘The angels have interceded, and the Prophets have interceded, and the believers have interceded. There is none left but the Most Merciful of those who show mercy.’ Then He will seize a handful of the Fire and bring forth from it people who never did anything good.” (Sahih Muslim # 269)


5. The Intercession of the Animals

Many didn't know that the animals, even ants intercede for us:

Abu Umamah Bahili (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (saw) said: “Surely, Allah, His angels, the inhabitants of the heavens and the earths, even the ants in their holes and even the fish invoke blessings on the teacher of the people about what is good.” (Sunan Tirmidhi (5/50) No. 2685)

6. The Intercession of Babies for their Parents who die before Puberty

Please note: This does not refer to every baby, only those who die before puberty. Likewise, the parents have to be Muslim parents.

And those who believe and whose offspring follow them in Faith, to them shall We join their offspring, and We shall not decrease the reward of their deeds in anything. Every person is a pledge for that which he has earned. (At-Tur: 21)

Give a name to children whom you miscarried; because they are your pioneers who went before you in order to earn you high positions in the Hereafter.” (Jamiu’s-Saghir, 3/1074).

Give a name to children whom you miscarried so that Allah will make your scale of good deeds heavier with them. Otherwise, she will come and say on the Day of Judgment: “O Lord! They missed the thawab they would earn from me, by not naming me.” (Jamiu’s-Saghir, 3/1075).

Hadith regarding children who die before puberty:

Narrated By Abu Sa'id: The women requested the Prophet, "Please fix a day for us." So the Prophet preached to them and said, "A woman whose three children died would be screened from the Hell Fire by them," Hearing that, a woman asked, "If two died?" The Prophet replied, "Even two (would screen her from the (Hell) Fire. " And Abu Huraira added, "Those children should be below the age of puberty." (Sahih Bukhari: (2/23) Hadith 1249) & Bukhari: (2/23) Hadith #341)

Children who died before puberty are very lively in Heaven, they are like rattling fish. One of them meets his/her parents and takes hold of their clothes and does not let it go until Allah lets his/her parents into Heaven with him/her.” (Jamiu’s Saghir, 3/2364).

The children of the Mushrikeen:

Sumurah bin Jundub (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah () Prophet) Abraham, and the children around him are those who died upon Al-Fitrah (the Islamic Faith of Monotheism)."' The and the children around him are those who died upon Al-Fitrah (the Islamic Faith of Monotheism)."' The narrator added: Some Muslims asked the Prophet () , "O Messenger of Allah! What about the children of Al-Mushrikun (i.e., polytheists, pagans, idolaters, and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah and in His Messenger Muhammad ())?" The Prophet () replied, "And also the children of Al-Mushrikun.” (Bukhari: Book: 18 Hadith 1546)

"The children of the mushrikeen are servants of the people of Paradise" (Ibn Mandah in al-Ma'rifah, Abu Na'eem in al-Hilyah, Abu Ya'la in al-Musnad and al-Albaani deemed it saheeh by the sum of its Isnaad, Silsilat al-Hadith as-Saheehah, 3/452, no. 1468)


7. The Intercession of the Ordinary Muslim for his Brother or Sister

Some Muslims who are not prophets or messengers will be in Paradise, then they will realize that their friends are not with them in Paradise. So they will seek Allah's permission to intercede for them. The following Hadith explains further:

They [the Muslims] will say: ‘O Allah! (Save) our brothers (for they) used to pray with us, fast with us and also do good deeds with us.' Allah will say, ‘Go and take out (of Hell) anyone in whose heart you find faith equal to the weight of one (gold) Dinar.’ (Bukhari, Vol. 9, Book 93, Hadith 532)

Allah will tell him/her to look in Hellfire for anyone with the faith of a dinar so He (swt) can take him/her out of hellfire. This Hadith shows how an ordinary Muslim will beg Allah to take his/her friend out of the Hellfire

8. The Intercession of Ramadan

Ramadan will say, I kept him hungry so give him paradise:

'Abdullah ibn 'Amr reported that the Messenger of Allah (saw), said: "The fast and the Qur'an are two intercessors for the servant of Allah on the Day of Resurrection. The fast will say: 'O Lord, I prevented him from his food and desires during the day. Let me intercede for him.' The Qur'an will say: 'I prevented him from sleeping at night. Let me intercede for him.' And their intercession will be accepted." (Musnad Ahmad (2/174) No. 6626, Mustadrak al-Haakim (1/740) No. 2036, Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (3/37�� No. 1839)

9. The Intercession of the Quran

"Read the Quran. For verily it will come forth on the Day of Resurrection as an intercessor for its readers." (Muslim)

"The Quran is an intercessor (which by Allah's permission) intercedes, and an opponent (which is) truthful. He who appoints it as his leader, (then it) will lead him to Paradise. And he who puts it behind him, (then it) will lead him to the Fire."
(Ibn Hibban, Al-Bayhaqi, At-Tabarani, Sahih)
(Sahih Muslim # 269)Then the Prophet (saw) will intercede for you on the Day of Judgement





10. Other Prophets will also Intercede

The marfoo’ hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him): “By the One in Whose hand is my soul, none of you can be more insistent in asking Allaah to restore his rights against his opponent than the believers who will ask Allaah, on the Day of Resurrection, (to grant them the power of intercession) for their brothers who are in the Fire. They will say, ‘Our Lord, they used to fast with us and pray and perform Hajj.’ It will be said to them, ‘Bring out those whom you recognize, so the Fire will be forbidden to burn them.’ So they will bring out many people… And Allaah will say: ‘The angels have interceded, and the Prophets have interceded, and the believers have interceded. There is none left but the Most Merciful of those who show mercy.’ Then He will seize a handful of the Fire and bring forth from it people who never did anything good.”

Above are the 10 types of intercessions

Ultimately, the faith of people in both this world and the Hereafter, is in the Hands of Allah. He (swt) alone knows what will happen to them:

He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter . (Al-Baqarah: 255)

It is worthy of mentioning that some people will be denied intercession and not everyone is qualified for intercession.

Who will be denied intercession?

Allah Spoke about them in Surah Muddaththir Verses 42-48

"What has caused you to enter Hell?"
They will say: "We were not of those who used to offer their Salat (prayers). "Nor we used to feed Al-Miskin (the poor); "And we used to talk falsehood (all that which Allah hated) with vain talkers. "And we used to belie the Day of Recompense. "Until there came to us (the death) that is certain." So no intercession of intercessors will be of any use to them. (Al-Muddaththir:42-48)

Saqar is a place in Hell; once you enter it you will not get out. Nimrod, the Pharaoh, Abu Lahab and Abu Jahl are examples of people who will b in Saqar on the Day of Recompense. People that go to a section of Hell called Jaheem will come out with the intercession of Muhammad (saw). The fire of Jaheem will go out when all the Muslims come out of it and are transferred to the Paradise. This is the meaning of Ibn Taymiyyah's statement that the Hellfire will go out.

"What has caused you to enter Hell?" They will say: "We were not of those who used to offer their Salat (prayers). "Nor we used to feed Al-Miskin (the poor); (Al-Muddaththir:42- 44)

No intercession will be made for the one who did not establish his salah. The most important ibadah in Islam is salah. In order for us to gain the intercession of Muhammad (saw), we should recite the du'a after the adhan and ask Allah to give Muhammad (saw) al-Maqaam al-Mahmood, the noble station. Allah spoke about the noble station in the following Ayah:

And in some parts of the night (also) offer the Salat (prayer) with it (i.e. recite the Qur'an in the prayer), as an additional prayer (Tahajjud optional prayer Nawafil) for you (O Muhammad saw). It may be that your Lord will raise you to Maqaman Mahmuda (a station of praise and glory, i.e. the highest degree in Paradise!). (Al-Isra: 79)

THREE CONDITIONS FOR THE INTERCESSION TO BE ACCEPTED:

  1. Allah has to Allow the intercession to take place
  2. Allah has to be Pleased with the interceder (i.e. The interceder should have the status to intercede)
  3. Allah has to be Pleased with the sinner who needs intercession


The types of intercession Muhammad (saw) will perform on the Day of Judgement are as follows:

  • The Rasool (saw) will intercede for Muslims whose good deeds are equal to their bad deeds
  • The Prophet (saw) will also intercede for some persons who deserve to be dumped in Hellfire because their bad deeds are more than their good deeds. Although they deserve the hellfire, the Prophet (saw) will beg on their behalf
  • The Prophet (saw) will intercede for the people who are already in the Hellfire for them to be transferred into the Paradise.

Narrated By Anas: The Prophet said, "Whoever said "None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a barley grain will be taken out of Hell. And whoever said: "None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a wheat grain will be taken out of Hell. And whoever said, "None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of an atom will be taken out of Hell." [Al-Bukhari: (1/2) Hadith: 44) & (1/2) Hadith 43) and Muslim (193)]

Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him in worship, but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases, and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin. (An-Nisa 4:48)

Why does Allah allow such an intercession to take place? Allah will allow Muhammad (saw) to intercede for people whose bad deeds are more than their good deeds because His mercy prevails over His wrath. Secondly, Allah will allow Muhammad to intercede on behalf of sinners on the Day of Judgement because all the Prophets had a du'a which Allah will answer and they used up their du'a in the dunya. But the Prophet Muhammad (saw) saved up his du'a to use it on the Day of Judgement to intercede for his Ummah.

The third reason why Allah will allow Muhammad (saw) to intercede is because Muhammad (saw) is a mercy for mankind in the dunya and the Akhira. In this regard, Allah said:

And We have sent you (O Muhammad SAW) not but as a mercy for the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). (Al-Anbiya 21:107)

As for the sinners who did not commit shirk, they have hope in the hereafter because Allah will forgive all sins except shirk to whom He please. Thus Allah said:

Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him in worship, but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases, and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin. (An-Nisa 4:48)

The following Hadith coincides with the above mentioned Ayah:

On the authority of Anas (RA), who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (saw) say: "Allah the Almighty said: 'O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you. O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it.'" (At-Tirmidhi (also by Ahmad ibn Hanbal). Its chain of authorities is sound.)

The statement of Allah in Ayatul Kursi:

And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. (Al-Baqarah 2: 255)

This statement means only Allah knows the unseen and only Allah has perfect knowledge of the past, present and future:

And when is the Hour?” He said, “The one who is questioned does not know more about it than the one who asks.” He asked, “Then what are its Signs?” He said, “That a maid-servant will beget her mistress and that you see barefooted, naked-bodied, helpless shepherds construct tall buildings.”... (Muslim 8, Tirmidhi 2619, Abu Dawud 4695, Nisai 5005, Ibn Majah 63, Ahmed 184)

When the Prophet (saw) said one of the signs of the last days are that Arabs will compete in constructing tall buildings, that knowledge was of the unseen

Allah (swt) gave the Prophet (saw) some knowledge of the unseen as He please. A few examples include when the Prophet (saw) predicted that his wife, Zaynab bint Jahsh, would be the first of his wives to die:

Narrated `Aisha:Some of the wives of the Prophet () asked him, "Who amongst us will be the first to follow you (i.e. die after you)?" He said, "Whoever has the longest hand." So they started measuring their hands with a stick and Sauda's hand turned out to be the longest. (When Zainab bint Jahsh died first of all in the caliphate of `Umar), we came to know that the long hand was a symbol of practicing charity, so she was the first to follow the Prophet () and she used to love to practice charity. (Sauda died later in the caliphate of Muawiya). Bukhari : Vol. 2, Book 24, Hadith 501

and when the Prophet predicted the death of Ammar ibn Yasir at the hands of the rebellious group:

"Alas! A rebellious group which swerves from the truth will murder Ammar. Ammar will be calling them towards Paradise and they will be calling him towards Hell. His killer and those who strip him of arms and clothing will be in Hell." (Al-Bukhari, at-Tirmidhi, Ahmad ibn Hanbal)

The Prophet (saw) had vast knowledge of the future; hence, he was able to make accurate predictions. But this knowledge was only by Allah's permission.

To assume a man has complete knowledge of ilm ul ghaib is shirk. This is the ideology of the Rafida

(Rafida = Shia)

SHIA HUJJAH: The Imams have knowledge of the past and future; and nothing is hidden from them. ( SHIA HUJJAH: The Imams have knowledge of the past and future; and nothing is hidden from them. (Al-Kafi vol.1 p.260 )

They say nothing is hidden from their Imams

SHIA HUJJAH: The Imams know when they will die, and they only die by their choice. (Al Kafi vol.1 p.258 )

The creed of the Rafida that says their Imams know when they are going to die and they choose when to die, contradicts the following Ayah

Verily, Allah! With Him (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs. No person knows what he will earn tomorrow, and no person knows in what land he will die. Verily, Allah is AllKnower, AllAware (of things). (Luqman: 34)

Allah told the Prophet Muhammad (saw) to declare to mankind that he doesn't have knowledge of the unseen. Hence, Allah said:

Say (O Muhammad saw) : "I possess no power of benefit or hurt to myself except as Allah wills. If I had the knowledge of the Ghaib (unseen), I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me. I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings unto people who believe." (Al-A'raf: 188)

If the Prophet (saw) didn't have complete knowledge of the ghaib, how can the shia imams possess such knowledge?!

Why did Hassan drink poison and die if he had knowledge of ilm ul ghaib? This is a question no Shia is able to answer. Hassan is the second Imam in the Shia religion. They claim all their Imams have complete knowledge of the ghaib, they are infallible and cannot make a single mistake. Yet they claim Hassan was poisoned by his enemies. The ideology of the Shia is ridiculous and doesn't stand up to scrutiny.

His Kursi extends over the Heavens and the Earth (Baqarah: 155)

What is the Kursi?

Literally means footstool. Some scholars say Kursi is the dominion of Allah over His entire creation. Some scholars say Kursi means His authority.
If you should ask a Hanbali scholar this question, he would say the Kursi is the footstool.

Let's ask Uthaymeen what is the Kursi:

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said: There are those who say that the Kursi is the Throne because of the hadeeth, “Allaah will set up His Kursi on the Day of Resurrection.” They think that the Kursi is the Throne. Similarly, some people claim that the Kursi is Allaah’s knowledge, and say that the aayah (interpretation of the meaning) “His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth” [al-Baqarah 2:255] refers to His Knowledge. The correct view is that the Kursi is a footstool, and the Throne is that which the Most Merciful rose above (istiwaa’). And knowledge is the attribute of the knowledgeable one by means of which he understands that which he knows. (al-Qawl al-Mufeed Sharh Kitaab al-Tawheed, 3/393, 394). And Allaah knows best.

It is worthy of mentioning that Ibn Abbas says the Kursi is the footstool. This statement of Ibn Abbas is mawquf i.e. it came from him and not the Prophet (saw). The Ulama said the statement of Ibn Abbas is saheeh because it doesn't have a weak chain of transmitters.

Those who say that the kursi is Allah's Authority are not wrong because Allah said His Kursi extends over the entire Heaven and earth.

Waki` narrated in his Tafsir that Ibn `Abbas said, "Kursi is the footstool, and no one is able to give due consideration to ﴿Allah'sThrone.'' Al-Hakim recorded this Hadith in his Mustadrak from Ibn `Abbas, who did not relate it to the Prophet . Al-Hakim said, "It is Sahih according to the criteria of the Two Sahihs, and they (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) did not record it.'' In addition, Ad-Dahhak said that Ibn `Abbas said, “If the seven heavens and the seven earths were flattened and laid side by side, they would add up to the size of a ring in a desert, compared to the Kursi.’' (Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

The next statement in Ayatul Kursi:

He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them (Al-Baqarah: 255)

The word “them” in the above statement of Allah means the Heaven and the earth. This refutes the Christians who believe Allah rested on the 7th day after creating the Heaven and Earth. It also refutes the Jewish belief that Allah rested on a Saturday after creating the Heaven and the earth.

It is a sign between me and the children of Israel forever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed. (Exodus 31:17) King James Version

This Verse in exodus, 31:17, is shirk. Refreshed means to replenish lost energy. Allah doesn't lose His energy so this statement is shirk.

In refuting the false claims of the Christians and Jews, Allah said:

And indeed We Created the heavens and the earth and all between them in six Days and nothing of fatigue touched Us. (Qaf: 38)

Till today, the Jews and some Christians go to church on a Saturday claiming it is the sabbath. The Jews claim Saturday is their sabbath; hence, they cannot work. In Islam, we have no sabbath because Allah did not rest after creating His creation. Thus, Allah said in the following Ayah:

Then when the (Jumu'ah) Salat (prayer) is finished, you may disperse through the land, and seek the Bounty of Allah (by working, etc.), and remember Allah much, that you may be successful. (Al-Jumu'ah: 10)

To claim Allah rested is a big lie and also shirk. The following statement of Allah in Ayatul Kursi: Allah is the Most High, the Most Great means Allah is the Most High in status and in position.

The Prophet (saw) said to ask for Firdaus when you ask for Paradise because it is the highest Paradise and Allah's Arsh is above Firdaus:

Ubadah bin As-Samit that the Prophet said, Paradise has one hundred levels and between each level is a distance like the distance between the sky and the earth. Al-Firdaws is the name of the highest of its levels. From it springs the four rivers and the Throne is above it. Therefore, when you ask Allah, then ask Him for AlFirdaws. [Musnad Ahmad (5/316) No. 22747 and Sunan Tirmidhi (4/675) No. 2531]

Firdaus is the highest Paradise and Allah's Arsh is above Firdaus, so consequently, Allah is the Most High. Allah also said in Ayatul Kursi He is the Most Great.

The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “Allah the Almighty said, ‘Pride is My cloak and greatness is My robe, and he who competes with Me in respect of either of them, I shall cast into the Hell Fire.’” (Sunan Abu Dawud - Classed as Sahih by Shaykh al-Albaani)

Allah is above the Arsh because Allah is the Most Great, He said:

Narrated By Abu Huraira: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Allah will hold the whole earth, and roll all the heavens up in His Right Hand, and then He will say, 'I am the King; where are the kings of the earth?'" (al-Bukhari (7382) and Muslim (2787))

Allah Hates for people to call themselves the King of Kings because Allah is the only King of Kings. The expression King of Kings is shirk; thus, Allah makes it His duty to disgrace any man who calls himself the King of Kings the way He disgraced the Shah of Iran.

Narrated By Abu Huraira: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Allah will hold the whole earth, and roll all the heavens up in His Right Hand, and then He will say, 'I am the King; where are the kings of the earth?'" (al-Bukhari (7382) and Muslim (2787))

The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “The most hated and despised man before Allah on the Day of Resurrection will be a man who was called Maalikul Amlaak (the king of kings). There is no king except Allah.” (Sahih Muslim)

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (saw) as saying: The vilest name in Allah's sight is Malik al-Amidh (King of Kings). The narration transmitted on the authority of Shaiba (contains these words): There is no king but Allah, the Exalted and Glorious. Sufyan said: Similarly, the word Shahinshah (is also the vilest appellation). Ahmad ibn Hanbal said: I asked Abu 'Amr about the meaning of Akhna. He said: The vilest. (Muslim, Bk 25, # 5338)

Kingship is not allowed in Islam because the Holy Quran says Kings, whenever they enter a land, they corrupt it.

She said: "Verily! Kings, when they enter a town (country), they despoil it, and make the most honourable amongst its people low. And thus they do. (An-Naml 27:34)

Even though Bilqis, the Queen of Sheeba, was royalty, she spoke the truth and said whenever kings enter a land, they corrupt it. The reason why kings corrupt the land is because the leadership is past on from father to son and sometimes the son is not suitable as a leader. In Islam, the leadership should evolve naturally. It should not be imposed on the Ummah by virtue of lineage.

It is worthy of mentioning that the four tawheeds are inside of Ayatul Kursi.

When Allah said in Ayatul Kursi La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) this statement of Allah is tawheed ibaada because Allah declares that none has the right to be worshipped except

When Allah Said: Al-Hayyul Qayyum (the Ever Living and the one who sustains and protects all that exist) this statement of Allah represents Tawheed Asma Wa Sifaat.

When Allah said: To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. These words of Allah represents Allah's Lordship, Tawheed ar Rububiyyah, because it means all that is in the Heavens and on earth belongs to Allah and He controls the entire universe.

And when Allah said: Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? This declaration of Allah represents Tawheed Hakimiyyah because it means Allah is the only Judge on the Day of Judgement and no one can veto His decisions.

Ayatul Kursi, the greatest Ayah of the Holy Quran, contains the four branches of Tawheed and it is impossible for anyone to deny this fact.


QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Q: the muslim jinns sin like we do? If so Will they be punished in the hellfire and if they go to jannah, will we be able to see them in Jannah?

There is no doubt that jinns are of various religious persuasions. Some are Muslims, others are Jews, Christians, Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs, Agnostics, Atheists, etc. Hence, Allah said in the following Ayah about the reality:

'There are among us some that are righteous, and some the contrary; we are groups each having a different way (religious sect, etc.). (Al-Jinn: 11)

Because jinns are good and some are evil they will undergo reward and punishment just like humans. The scholars of Islam use the following Quranic Verse to prove that the good jinn will inherit the paradise like the pious humans.

Wherein both will be those (maidens) restraining their glances upon their husbands, whom no man or jinn yatmithhunna (has opened their hymens with sexual intercourse) before them. (Ar-Rahman: 56)

In the above Quranic Verse, Allah said the virgins of Paradise were not deflowered by neither men nor jinn. This means jinn will go to Paradise like humans do.

Q: Can you pray with or let someone lead the salah if his pronunciation of the Qur'an is off?

It is haram for someone to lead the prayer if he cannot recite the Fatiha properly because Surah Fatiha is fardh and it must be recited in proper Arabic in order for the salah to be valid. Some Imams say

Wa laz zaaa leeen

instead of

Wa lad daaa leen

It is haram to pray behind such an Imam because he cannot recite Surah Fatiha with proper pronunciation. The Prophet (saw) said there is no salah without Surah Fatiha.



Narrated By 'Ubada bin As-Samit: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "Whoever does not recite Al-Fatiha in his prayer, his prayer is invalid." [al-Bukhari (756) and Muslim (394)]