By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
July 25, 2015
Notes typed live by AT19
Edited and formatted by Shaikh Faisal and AT19
What do you understand from the word Wahhabi, who uses this term and why?
The Wahhabi movement is classified as a spiritual and political movement. This is so because they believe in the establishment of the Islamic State to preserve the deen of the Ummah.
The spiritual father for the wahhabi movement was Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab. He was born 1703 and died 1792. He founded a movement based on pure tawheed
in order to purify the Arabian Peninsula from seven evil things:
- Zandaqa [heresy]
- Bid'ah [cursed innovations]
He will always be remembered for his amazing accomplishment of ridding the Arabian Peninsula of grave worshippers. His work, nawaaqid al Islam, is a book comprised of the 10 things that eject a person outside the fold of Islam. This book was written to protect the Ummah from kufr, shirk, zandaqa, and apostasy. It is incumbent on all Muslims to study the contents of this book in order to safeguard their deen. Many Muslims have apostates in their families without realising it because they do not understand tawheed to know who is a Muslim and who is a kaafir.
It is incumbent on all Islamic schools, colleges, institutes and universities to study this book, the 10 Nullifiers of Islam. Below are the 10 nullifiers of Islam stated by Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhab:
THE TEN THINGS THAT NULLIFY ISLAM IS AS FOLLOWS:
Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab said: Know that the things that nullify Islam are TEN
FIRST: polytheism, which is worshipping other gods besides the One true God, Allah [4:48; 5:72]
SECOND: he commits Kufr by Ijma’ whoever places mediums between himself and Allah, mediums that he calls upon, ask forgiveness from, or rely on. [39:3; 35:14]
THIRD: he commits Kufr whoever does not apply the Kufr principle upon polytheists, or whoever doubts that polytheists are infidels, or whoever corrects polytheists’ path. [3:19; 3:85]
FOURTH: he is a disbeliever whoever thinks that another guidance is better than prophet Muhammad’s guidance, or another judgement is better than prophet Muhammad’s judgement, such as preferring Tawagheet's (tyrants) judgement over prophet Muhammad's judgement. [5:44]
FIFTH: he commits Kufr whoever hates something that prophet Muhammad -peace and blessings be upon him- came with, even if he practices it. [47:9]
SIXTH: he commits Kufr whoever mocks some of God’s religion, some of God’s reward, or some of God's punishment. He commits kufr if he mocks the Messenger of Allah [saw]. [9:65-66]
SEVENTH: he commits kufr, who dabbles in black magic or pays someone to do magic on his behalf. [2:102]
EIGHTH: helping polytheists against Muslims. The evidence on that is the saying of Allah, the Exalted: And if any amongst you takes them (as Auliyâ’), then surely he is one of them. Verily, Allâh guides not those people who are the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong doers. (Al Maida 5:51)
NINTH: he is a disbeliever whoever believes that some people are able to leave the Sharia’ of prophet Muhammad -peace and blessings be upon him- as Al-Khidr was able to leave the Sharia’ of Moses -peace be upon him-. [5:50]
TENTH: the unwillingness to learn or practice the religion of God. The evidence on that is the saying of Allah, the Exalted: And who does more wrong than he who is reminded of the Ayât (proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of his Lord, then turns aside therefrom? Verily, We shall exact retribution from the Mujrimûn (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners). (32:22). [The Ten Nullifiers of Islam by Muhammed Ibn Abdul-Wahab]
THE THREE PRINCIPLES IS ANOTHER BOOK THAT HE WROTE
The three principles is another book written by Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab. These three principles are called Root Islamic Education [Asli Deen]. The Shaikh took the three principles from the Hadith where the Prophet Muhammad [saw] said every human will be asked three questions in his or her grave.
Bara (RA) reported from the Prophet (SAW) about this verse: "Allah keeps the believers firm with the stable word in the worldly life and in the Hereafter." (14:27) He explained that this has reference to the grave when it is asked, “Who is your Lord? Who was your Prophet? and What is your religion?” [Bukhari 1369, Muslim 2871, Abu Dawud 4750, Tirmidhi 3131, Nisai 2056, Ibn e Majah 4269]
These three principles are also called Ma'loom min ad-deen Bid-Daroora meaning that which is known of Islam by necessity. You need to know these three things to be a real Muslim. If you are ignorant of three things, you are not a Muslim.
WHO ARE THE PEOPLE WHO CALL OTHERS WAHHABI?
The following 11 people are guilty of calling orthodox Muslims Wahhabis'. Their aim and objective is to use the term Wahhabi to insult real Muslims [people on pure tawheed] because they envy the real Muslims for their deen.
- Parvezi [Hadith rejector]
- Mu'tazila [rationalist]
The people who use the word wahhabi, their intention is to practise smear, sneer and jeer. However, the people who practice the teachings of Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab are not Wahhabis. They are Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaa'ah and Salafi Jihadi. These words are not offensive. They are also referred to as a Muwahhid [i.e. a person who is on pure tawheed]. It is inappropriate to call a person a Wahhabi because it is used to insult and name calling is haram in the following Ayah:
O you who have believed, let not a people ridicule [another] people; perhaps they may be better than them; nor let women ridicule [other] women; perhaps they may be better than them. And do not insult one another and do not call each other by [offensive] nicknames. Wretched is the name of disobedience after [one's] faith. And whoever does not repent - then it is those who are the wrongdoers. (Al-Ĥujurāt 49:11)
The people who are Mushrikeen use the word Wahhab to insult orthodox Muslims. They want you to abandon your pure tawheed and follow them in their kufr, shirk and zandaqa. The Sufis, Shias and Bervailvis are the Mushrikeen of the Ummah.
Sufis are the Christian of the Ummah, the Berailvis are still Hindus and the Shias are still Zorastrians. These people have entered into the fold of Islam under false pretence. These people cannot survive in a genuine Islamic State because they are kuffar, outside the fold of Islam. They would be asked to convert to Islam or leave.
They are the worst of kuffar. They preach that Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab was a British agent. Like all infidels, they slander their enemies in order to survive. We are not allowed to call their places of worship a masjid. This is because they worship false deities in their places of worship. You have to call it a temple because in a masjid Allah alone is worshipped. Hence, Allah says:
And the mosques are for Allâh (Alone), so invoke not anyone along with Allâh. (Al-Jinn 72:18)
When Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab was born, he and the British didn't share the same era. Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab is from Uyayna, Saudia Arabia. He was born 1703. This was long before the British stepped into the Middle East. Also, he was from Saudia Arabia, and we all know that Saudia Arabia was not colonised by the British or any one else.
Allah told us to verify the news coming from an evil person in the following Ayah:
O you who believe! If a rebellious evil person comes to you with a news, verify it, lest you harm people in ignorance, and afterwards you become regretful to what you have done. (Al-Hujurat 49:6)
If you repeat this news from the mushrikeen, you will be asked about it on Day of Judgement because it is a slander. Moreover, the flesh of the scholars is poison. Be careful about slandering a pious scholar. The Holy Prophet [saw] said:
Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "It is enough to call a man a liar that he narrates everything he hears" [Sahih Muslim (1/10) No. 5, Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah (5/237) No. 25617, al-Zuhd al-Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (p. 41) No. 249]
Why would the British sponsor a scholar like Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab to bring back authentic tawheed to the Ummah?!
These misguided Muslims use to be grave worshippers. The colonial masters promote evil practices like grave worshipping because grave worshippers have no taqwa to oppose them with jihad.
Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab will be remembered as the man who surgically removed shirk from the Ummah. The malicious slander of the mushrikeen doesn't make sense because it doesn't stand up to scrutiny.
Mirza Gulam Ahmed, the false Prophet of Qadian, was on the payroll of the British. He preached non-jihad against the colonialist and he even claimed to be a Prophet after Muhammad [saw].
Ahmed Raza, the founding father of the Berailvi movement, was also paid by the British, and he preached that Muslims should worship the graves besides Allah [shirk].
History has proven that the preachers who were sponsored by the British were all fake Muslims whose aim and objectives was to mislead unsuspecting Muslims. Today, millions of Muslims in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh have become infidels due to the work of Mirza Ghulam Ahmed and Ahmed Raza. Both of these heretics were sponsored by the British.
THE IMPORTANT PRINCIPLES OF MUHAMMAD IBN ABDUL WAHHAB'S MOVEMENT
The text has a literal meaning unless proven otherwise. The text means Quran and Sunnah. Therefore, we have to understand the text from its apparent meaning. Those, in whose heart is the disease of hypocrisy, claim that the text is metaphorical; therefore it has a hidden meaning which is known only to their Imams who are firmly grounded in knowledge. These people are called the batiniyyah [those who claim that the text is metaphorical and it has a hidden meaning]. The reason why the batiniyyah claim that the text is metaphorical is because they have an evil motive. Their evil motive is to put a spin on the text in order to mislead unsuspecting Muslims.
The movement of Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab is on the opposite side of the spectrum. Their stance is the stance of the Dhahiriyyah madhab, they take a literal approach to the text unless we have evidence that the text is metaphorical.
WHY DIDN'T MUHAMMAD IBN ABDUL WAHHAB SUBSCRIBE TO THE BATINIYYAH MADHAB?
He refused to subscribe to the batiniyyah madhab because he took his teachings from Ahmed ibn Hanbal and ibn Taymiyyah. He was considered 100% Hanbali in madhab because he followed the madhab in aqeeda and fiqh.
Whenever you follow one of the four great Imams in aqeeda and fiqh you will be protected from deviant ideas. But if you follow one of the four great Imams in fiqh only you are not protected from deviant ideas. Unfortunately, this is the plight of most Muslims today. They follow Imam Abu Hanifa, Malik and Shafi in fiqh but not in aqeeda, so they have become deviants in regards to aqeeda.
Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab didn't invent a fifth Madhab, although he had the influence to do so, because this would cause fitnah in the Ummah. We are happy with the four great Imams and there is no need for a fifth madhab. Naasir Deen Albani tried to invent a fifth madhab and he failed miserably.
Due to the stance of Ahmed ibn Hanbal against all deviant groups of his era, he gained the title the Imam of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa'ah.
IS IT COMPULSORY FOR YOU TO FOLLOW A MADHAB?
It is not compulsory on a Muslim to rigidly follow one of the four madhabs; however, it is compulsory on a Muslim to have a teacher who is an expert in aqeeda to teach him the Islamic creed. And it is compulsory on him to have a teacher who is an expert in fiqh to teach him Islamic jurisprudence.
This is so because we were commanded by Allah to ask those who know if we dont know:
So ask the people who have knowledge of the scripture if you don't know. (Al-Anbiya 21:7)
The people who say the Quran is metaphorical, they claim that the throne of Allah is an abstract noun and not a concrete noun because the word arsh means the Glory of Allah. A concrete noun is a thing you can see and touch like a car or a house. We use the following Quranic verse to refute their false claim:
And the angels will be on its sides, and eight angels will, that Day, bear the Throne of your Lord above them. (Al-Haqqah 69:17)
If eight angels will carry the throne of Allah on the Day of Judgement, how can it be an abstract noun?!
The Sufis and Shias say don't take the Quran literally, but they are hypocrites they take the Quran literally when it suits them. For example, they take 2:115 literally:
And to Allah belongs the east and the west. So wherever you [might] turn, there is the Face of Allah. Indeed, Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing. (Al-Baqarah 2:115) (Al-Baqarah 2:115)
They use the above mentioned verse to say Allah is everywhere, even though the verse means the Knowledge of Allah is everywhere.
Also, they take Surah 50:16 literally:
And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein. (Qaf 50:16)
They use the above verse to promote wahdatul wujood [union]. The concept of union means a servant of Allah can become so pious due to his righteous deeds, to the extent that he becomes one with Allah. When he becomes one with Allah, he becomes a man-God. Hence, he doesn't need to pray anymore and everything which is haram has become halal for him including zina and khamr.
The people who claim we take the Quran literally also say we are guilty of giving Allah human body parts. This is called anthropomorphism. We refute them by saying it is impossible for us to give Allah human body parts because Allah is not human. Therefore, Allah has two hands, but they are not like our hands because Allah doesn't not resemble His creation in anyway shape or form. Allah told us in the following Ayah that He has two Hands and He created Adam with His two Hands.
(Allah) said: "O Iblis (Satan)! What prevents you from prostrating yourself to one whom I have created with Both My Hands. Are you too proud (to fall prostrate to Adam) or are you one of the highly exalted?" (Sad 38:75)
We affirm this Ayah as it is mentioned in the Quran literally. Our understanding is that Allah has two hands but it is not like our hands because Allah says:
There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. (Ash-Shura 42:11)
The clock on the wall has two hands and they don't resemble your hands. Allah is the Creator and we are His creation, and Allah doesn't resemble His creation. The Prophet (saw) said Allah created four things with His two Hands: Arsh, Pen, Adam and Paradise.
Mujahid narrated Abdullah ibn Umar (RA) said: “Allah created four things with His Hand; 1. The Throne 2. The Pen 3. Aadam and 4. The paradise of ‘Adn. He then said to the rest of the creation ‘Kun’ [Be] and it was.” [Adh Dhahabi in ‘Mukhtasar al-‘Uluw’ (p105), Abu al-Shaikh al-Asbahani in ‘al-‘Adhuma' (5/1555), Tafsir al-Tabari (21/239), ‘The chain is authentic according to the conditions of Muslim.’]
When you read the Quran and you see Allah mention His Face, Hands and Shin you have to take the same stance as the sahabas. Therefore, you read it, believe it and leave it - do not put a spin on it like the heretics do.
The Hanbali use the following Hadith to say Allah has two Eyes but His Eyes are not like our eyes:
‘Abdullah bin 'Umar (RA) said: One day the Messenger of Allah (SAW) mentioned Al-Masih Dajjal (the Antichrist) in the presence of the people and said, "Verily, Allah is not one-eyed but Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal is blind in the right eye which looks like a swollen grape." [al-Bukhari (7127) and Muslim (169)]
Those who reject the concept that Allah has two Hands and two Eyes, their hearts are not pure. In their hearts and mind they make Allah similar to His creation. They believe Allah's Hands are like our hands. Due to this erroneous concept which is shirk, they deny that Allah has two hands. We, the members of ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa'ah do not believe that Allah's two Hands resemble our hands; hence, we have no qualms about accepting the apparent meaning of the Ayah that says Allah has two Hands and He created Adam with His two Hands.
If you are sincere about following an Imam, you would follow the Imam in fiqh and aqeeda. This is what the Hanbalis do, we follow Ahmed ibn Hanbal in fiqh and aqeeda. When you are not sincere, you will follow the Imam in fiqh but dump his aqeeda and this is what the Hanafis have done, they follow Abu Hanifa in Fiqh but his not in Aqeeda because they don't want to give up shirk.
Instead of following Abu Hanifa in aqeeda, they follow a madman called Abu Mansoor al Maturudi from Uzbekistan and dump the aqeeda of Abu Hanifa. The neo Hanafis claim that aqeeda is not important, so in their institutions they teach Hanafi fiqh and no tawheed. But how could they make such a claim when the founding father of the Hanafi madhab wrote a book on tawheed and called it Fiqh al Akbar. In his book he asserted that the greatest subject of Islam is tawheed. It is clear that the neo Hanafis claim to follow Abu Hanifa is a big lie. Their similitude is like the Christians who claim to follow Jesus, yet they eat pig, are uncircumcised and worship three gods in a trinity.
Nouman Ali Khan Unveiled : Noman Ali Khan Said Aqeedah is Not Important::::: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5XpA0ZTaqQk
Another false claim of the Hanafis is that it is bida'h to ask a Muslim “where is Allah?”. They say asking Muslims “where is Allah?” is one of the hallmarks of a Wahhabi and it is un-Islamic. We use the follow hadith to refute their false claim:
It is narrated that the companion Mu`awiyah ibn al-Hakam, (RA) slapped his servant girl who used to tend his sheep, and as a result went to the Prophet (SAWS) and asked what should be done as an atonement for having slapped her. The Prophet replied, "Bring her to me" so Mu`awiyah brought her to the Prophet. The Prophet then asked her, "Where is Allah?" and she replied "Above the Sky (heavens)" then the Prophet asked her, "Who am I?" and she replied, "You are Allah’s Messenger", so the Prophet said, "Free her, for verily she is a true believer." [Sahih Muslim (1/381) No. 537]
In the above mentioned Hadith the Prophet (saw) asked a slave girl “where is Allah?” and we are not allowed to assume the Prophet (saw) did bida'h by asking the question. The reason why the mushrikeen don't like to be asked “where is Allah?” is because they claim Allah is everywhere. None of the four great Imams believed Allah is everywhere.
Abu Haneefah (rh) said, when asked of his opinion of the one who says, ‘I do not know whether Allah is above the heavens or on the earth.’ - “He has disbelieved, because Allah says, “The Most Merciful rose above the Throne,” and His Throne is above His seven heavens.’ He was then asked , ‘what if he said that Allah is above His Throne but he does not know whether the Throne is in the heavens or on the earth?’ He said, ‘He has disbelieved, because He has denied that He is above the heavens, And whosoever denied that He is above the heavens has disbelieved.” (‘Sharh Usul I’tiqaad Ahlus Sunnah’ of al-Laalikaaee (d.414AH), ‘al-Uluww’ of adh- Dhahabee, also ‘Sharh Aqueedah at-Tahaawiyyah’ of ibn Abee al-Izz al-Hanafee)
The Maliki Sufis are liars as well because they claim to follow Imam Malik. But when we compare their ideology to the beliefs of Imam Malik, we can safely conclude that they do not follow Imam Malik. The Maliki Sufis preach that Allah is everywhere, and according to the following fatwa of Imam Malik, he was innocent of such zandaqa [heresy].
Ja'far Ibn Abdullah narrated: We were with Malik Ibn Anas when a man came to him and said: “O Abu Abdullah (Allah said) 'Ar-Rahman upon the Throne Istawa' (20:5), how was His Istiwa? Imam Malik inclined his head and was silent until the sweat of fever covered his brow, then he looked up and said: "Istiwa is not unknown, the Kayf (how) is uncomprehendable, believing in it is wajib (obligatory), and asking about it is bid'ah (innovation), and I do not think that you are anything but an innovator." Then he ordered that the man be expelled. [Abu-Naeem Al-Asbahani in 'Hilyatul-Awliya wa Tabaqat Al-Asfiya' (Vol. 6, pg. 325-326)]
Imam Ahmad: (RA)He was asked: "Is Allah above His 'Arsh, above the seventh heaven, separate from His creatures, and is His knowledge and power encompassing everything everywhere?" He replied: "Certainly, He is above His 'Arsh and nothing escapes His knowledge." [Al-Juyush al-Islamiyyah, Ibn al-Qayyim, p. 123] All of the above show that the entire Muslim 'Ummah, in the past and present, is in unison regarding the belief in the Loftiness and Supremacy of Allah, the Exalted.
As for the Berailvis you are a liar with your claim to follow abu Hanifa because you believe Allah is everywhere and Abu Hanifa use to make takfir on people with such a belief.
WHY DO THE SUFIS INSIST THAT ALLAH IS EVERYWHERE?
The Sufis refuse to believe that Allah is above the arsh and they insist that Allah is everywhere in person. This ideology is farfetchedness because Allah is not in unholy places like the toilet and the brothel. However, Allah sees everywhere.
The Sufis claim if we believe Allah is above the arsh, we are restricting Allah. And it is wrong to put a limit on Allah. The reason why the Sufis insist that Allah is everywhere is because they use this ideology to promote their belief in wahdatul wujood, Union.
The spiritual father of Wahhabism is Ibn Taymiyyah. Therefore, you shouldn't be surprised that his books are banned in Egypt and Jordan because the Islamic State take all their aqeeda from Ibn Taymiyyah and Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab. They even banned the books of Bin Baaz and Uthaymeen because they also take their aqeeda from Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab.
The other principle of the Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab movement is that they rely on Hadith revelation, not reason. The hypocrites rely on reason, not revelation because they want to make up their own religion called Hislam, not Islam. The following three Quranic verses refute the stance of the Parvezis [Hadith rejectors]:
Say (O Muhammad SAW to mankind) : "If you (really) love Allah then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Qur'an and the Sunnah), Allah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (Aali Imran 3:31)
And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) gives you, take it, and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it), and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Severe in punishment. (Al-Hashr 59:7)
And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad SAW) the reminder and the advice (the Qur'an), that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought. (An-Nahl 16:44)
One of the main principles of the Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab movement is the takfir of Shias and extreme Sufis. They call the followers of this movement "tafiris". The word takfir means to pronounce a Muslim an infidel. It is also translated as excommunicate. As Muslims, we have no choice but to make takfir on the Shia because their creed is zandaqa, heresy. For example, they accuse Ayesha, the wife of the Prophet (saw) of having an affair. The following extract from the Shia holy book is our evidence that they accuse Ayesha of having an affair.
SHIA HUJJAH: The Shia believe that at the time of Mahdi’s return Imam Mahdi will resurrect Aisha (Prophet Mohammad’s wife) and execute the law of Hudud on her, for committing Zina (adultery) during her marriage. (Al-Anwar Al-Numaniyah, vol. 1, p. 161, Tafsir al-Shafi, vol. 2, p. 108, Haq al-Yaqeen, vol. 2, p. 256, Hayat al-Qulub, vol. 2, p. 611)
Allah ta alla has informed the Ummah of Muhammad (saw) that Ayesha didn't have an affair and when the hypocrites of Madina accused her of adultery, it was an ifk, a big lie. Hence, Allah said:
Verily! Those who brought forth the ifk, slander against 'Aishah the wife of the Prophet (SAW) are a group among you. Consider it not a bad thing for you. Nay, it is good for you. Unto every man among them will be paid that which he had earned of the sin, and as for him among them who had the greater share therein, his will be a great torment. (An-Nur 24:11)
We have no choice but to make takfir on the Shias because they elevate their imams are above the Angels and the Prophet (saw).
SHIA HUJJAH: It is a fundamental principle of faith that our (Shia) Imams have ranks higher than the ranks of angels & God's prophets. (Khomeini's book, Hukuma Islamiya, p. 52)
Additionally, they claim the Quran is corrupted. By saying this they are saying Allah broke His promise to protect the Quran.
SHIA HUJJAH: The present Quran is in an altered, corrupted and distorted form.. (Fatuhat-e-Shia, p. 129)
In the following Ayahs Allah ta alla has promised mankind that he shall protect the Quran from corruption and human interference
Verily We: It is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Qur'an) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption). (Al-Hijr 15:9)
Falsehood cannot come to it from before it or behind it (it is) sent down by the All-Wise, Worthy of all praise (Allah). (Fussilat 41:42)
They also claim Allah is a liar and makes mistakes.
SHIA HUJJAH: “Allah often lies and does mistakes” [Usool-al-Kafi, page 328, Yacoob Kulayni, Vol. 1]
As for the extreme Sufis who we make takfir on, they claim that the Prophet Muhammad (saw) was nur and not a human. This creed contradicts the following Quranic verse:
Say (O Muhammad SAW) : "I am only a man like you. It has been inspired to me that your Ilah (God) is One Ilah (God i.e. Allah). So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord." (Al-Kahf 18:110)
The above mentioned Quranic verse states that Muhammad (saw) was a human just like us. He was born as a result of marriage, he ate food and drank, he suffered hunger and thirst, he had emotions of joy and sorrow, he cried when he was hurt like all other humans. The following Hadiths explain further:
Abu Talhah (RA) narrated: We complained to Allah’s Messenger (SAW) about our hunger and raising from our stomach (the garment) bared the stone each of us had tied to it. He showed that he had two stones (tied to his stomach.) [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/585) No. 2371, Bayhaqi in ‘Shu'ab al Emaan’ (13/54) No. 9943]
Narrated By Anas bin Malik: We went with Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) to the blacksmith Abu Saif, and he was the husband of the wet-nurse of Ibrahim (the son of the Prophet). Allah's Apostle took Ibrahim and kissed him and smelled him and later we entered Abu Saif's house and at that time Ibrahim was in his last breaths, and the eyes of Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) started shedding tears. 'Abdur Rahman bin 'Auf said, "O Allah's Apostle, even you are weeping!" He said, "O Ibn 'Auf, this is mercy." Then he wept more and said, "The eyes are shedding tears and the heart is grieved, and we will not say except what pleases our Lord, O Ibrahim ! Indeed we are grieved by your separation." [Sahih Bukhari (2/83) No. 1303]
The other difference we have with the extreme Sufis is their claim that the Prophet Muhammad (saw) is ever living; hence, he is still alive in the grave so we are allowed to pray to him and beg him for what we want. We, the members of ahlas sunnah wal jamaa'ah, have evidences from Quran and Sunnah that the Prophet Muhammad (saw) has passed away. Hence, Allah said:
Everyone shall taste death. And only on the Day of Resurrection shall you be paid your wages in full. And whoever is removed away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise, he indeed is successful. The life of this world is only the enjoyment of deception (a deceiving thing). (Aali Imran 3:185)
Verily, you (O Muhammad SAW) will die and verily, they (too) will die. (Az-Zumar 39:30)
By you claiming Muhammad is still alive, you have gone agains the Quran and the sahabas who said he was dead
"Wheresoever you may be, death will overtake you even if you are in fortresses built up strong and high!" (An-Nisa 4:78)
When the Prophet (saw) passed away in Madina, the Muslims were devastated. So Abu Bakr Saddiq addressed the crowd by saying:
“if anyone amongst you used to worship Muhammad , then Muhammad is dead, but if (anyone of) you used to worship Allah, then Allah is Alive and shall never die. [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 5, Book 59, Hadith #733]
When Abu Bakr Saddiq mad the pronouncement that the Prophet (saw) was dead, none of the sahabas objected to his statement. Therefore, this means there was ijma among the sahabas that the Prophet (saw) had passed away. Hence, when the Sufis claim that the Prophet (saw) is still alive and did not die, they are guilty of going against Quran and Sunnah and the ijma of the sahabas. To go against the ijma of the sahabas is major kufr.
The extreme Sufis also claim Muhammad (saw) has all of his faculties in the grave and he is fully aware with the fiqhul waqi of the Ummah (current affairs). The following Hadith refutes their false claim:
Abu Huraira narrated that the Prophet said, "On the Day of Resurrection a group of companions will come to me, but will be driven away from the Lake-Fount, and I will say, 'O Lord (those are) my companions!' It will be said, 'You have no knowledge as to what they innovated after you left; they turned apostate as renegades (reverted from Islam)." [Sahih Bukhari (8/120) No. 6585]
If the Prophet Muhammad (saw) has all of his faculties in the grave, why is it that he is not aware that some of his sahabas apostated after his death?
Another difference we have with the extreme Sufis is the issue of tawassul. The Arabic word “tawassul” means to seek a means to draw near to Allah. We, the members of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa'ah practice tawassul with pious deeds by calling upon Allah with his 99 names and attributes or with the dua of a pious person. However, the extreme Sufis practice tawassul by saying "O Allah forgive me of my sins because of the greatness of Muhammad". They also quote the following fabricated Hadith as their hujjah:
“When Adam sinned, Allah told him to seek forgiveness in the name of Muhammad, then Allah said to him: Had it not been for Muhammad I wouldn’t create the heavens and the earth. I Allah created the heavens and the earth for the sake of Muhammad." O Adam, I have forgiven you, and were it not for Muhammad I would not have created you." It was transmitted through many chains and was cited by Bayhaqi (in Dala'il al-nubuwwa), Abu Nu'aym (in Dala'il al-nubuwwa), al-Hakim in al-Mustadrak (2:615), al-Tabarani in his Saghir (2:82, 207) [this hadith is fabricated]
Another difference we have with the extreme Sufis is praying to the inhabitants of the grave and asking them to fulfill their needs. The following Ayahs refute their pagan doctrine.
Surely, the religion (i.e. the worship and the obedience) is for Allah only. And those who take Auliya' (protectors and helpers) besides Him (say) : "We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allah." Verily, Allah will judge between them concerning that wherein they differ. Truly, Allah guides not him who is a liar, and a disbeliever. (Az-Zumar 39:3)
If you invoke (or call upon) them, they hear not your call, and if (in case) they were to hear, they could not grant it (your request) to you. And on the Day of Resurrection, they will disown your worshipping them. And none can inform you (O Muhammad SAW) like Him Who is the All Knower (of each and everything). (Fatir 35:14)
It is haram for us to pray to the graves because the inhabitants in the graves cannot hear us. And even if they hear, they cannot grant us our request. Moreover, the Prophet (saw) told us in the following Hadith that the grave is an idol that people worship. Hence, those who pray to the graves are kuffar and idol worshippers.
Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from Ata ibn Yasar that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "O Allah! Do not make my grave an idol that is worshipped. The anger on those who took the graves of their Prophets as places of prostration was terrible." [Muwatta Malik (1/223) No. 570, Musannaf Abdur Razzaq (1/406) No. 1587, Musnad Ahmad (2/246) No. 7352]
When you pray to the grave, you are an idol worshipper like the Buddhist and Hindu. The Prophet Muhammad (saw) told his cousin Ali to demolish all structures that are built over graves. So when Shariah comes to a land, all Sufi monuments that are built over graves have to be demolished. The following Hadith explains further:
Abu'l-Hayyaj al-Asadi told that 'Ali (b. Abu Talib) said to him: Should I not send you on the same mission as Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) sent me? Do not leave an image without obliterating it, or a high grave without levelling It. This hadith has been reported by Habib with the same chain of transmitters and he said: (Do not leave) a picture without obliterating it. Sahih Muslim: Book 4, Hadith 2115
The following Hadith is used by the scholars to refute the extreme Sufis who claim that it is permissible to go to the grave of the Prophet in times of hardship and pray to him and ask him to remove our suffering:
Narrated By Anas: Whenever drought threatened them, 'Umar bin Al-Khattab, used to ask Al-Abbas bin 'Abdul Muttalib to invoke Allah for rain. He used to say, "O Allah! We used to ask our Prophet to invoke You for rain, and You would bless us with rain, and now we ask his uncle to invoke You for rain. O Allah ! Bless us with rain." And so it would rain. [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 2, Book 17, Hadith #123]
If it were permissible for Muslims to go to the grave of the Prophet (saw) in times of hardship to pray to him and ask him to relieve them from their sufferings, Umar would have gone to the grave of the Prophet (saw) when he suffered a severe drought during his Caliphate.
It is haram for a Muslim to pray in a masjid where a grave is inside of it. Some students of knowledge asked a panel of scholars about the status of a masjid that has a grave inside of it. Below is the question of the students and the fatwa of the scholars.
Is it correct to pray in mosques in which there are graves?
Praise be to Allaah.
Prayers should not be offered in mosques in which there are graves. The graves should be dug up and the remains transferred to the public graveyards, with each set of remains placed in an individual grave as with all other graves. It is not permissible for graves to be left in mosques, whether that is the grave of a wali (“saint”) or of anyone else, because the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade that and warned against that, and he cursed the Jews and Christians for doing that. It was narrated that he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
“May Allah curse the Jews and the Christians, for they took the graves of their Prophets as places of worship.” ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said, “He was warning against what they had done.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1330, Muslim, 529.
And when Umm Salamah and Umm Habeebah told him about a church in which there were images, he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When a righteous man died among them, they would build a place of worship over his grave and put those images in it. They are the most evil of mankind before Allaah.” (Saheeh, agreed upon. Al-Bukhaari, 427; Muslim, 528
The other special characteristic of the Hanbali madhab and the movement of Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab is making takfir on Muslims who abandon salah. The Hanbalis use the following evidences from Quran and Sunnah to make takfir on lazy Muslims who abandon salah:
But if they repent, perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat, then they are your brethren in religion. (In this way) We explain the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for a people who know. (At-Tawbah 9:11)
In the above Ayah Allah laid down three conditions for us to accept new reverts into the fold of Islam. These conditions are tawbah from kufr, salah and zakah. If these three conditions are not met, we cannot accept them as our brothers in deen. The following three Hadiths explain further that we need to pray to be Muslims:
Jabir (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “Between a man (Muslim) and shirk and disbelief lies neglect of salah.” [Sahih Muslim (1/88) No. 82, Sunan Tirmidhi (5/13) No. 2620, Sunan Abu Dawud (4/219) No. 4678, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/181) No. 1078, Sunan An-Nasa'i (1/232) No. 463, Musnad Ahmad (3/370) No. 15021]
Buraidah reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, "The pact between us and them is prayer. Whoever abandons it is a disbeliever." [Musnad Ahmad (5/346) No. 22987, Sunan al-Nasa'i (1/231) No. 463, Sunan Tirmidhi (5/13-14) No. 2621, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/181) No. 1079]
Abdullah ibn Shaqiq Uqayli (RA) reported, saying “The companions of Muhummad (SAW) did not regard neglect of any of the deeds as disbelief as they did (neglect) of Salah." [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/14) No. 2622 and Mustadrak al-Haakim (1/48) No. 12 who said it met the conditions of al-Bukhari and Muslim]
Another issue we have with the Sufis is the wearing of amulets for protection. We, the members of Ahlas Sunna wal Jamaa'ah, consider this to be shirk. The following Hadiths explain further:
‘Whoever wears an amulet has committed shirk.” [Musnad Ahmad (4/156) No. 17458 and Mustadrak al-Haakim (4/243) No. 7513]
It was narrated that ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “Whoever wears an amulet, may Allaah not fulfil his need, and whoever wears a sea-shell, may Allaah not give him peace.” (Narrated by Ahmad, 16951)
A Muslim who wants to be protected by the Holy Quran has to recite it. As for wearing the Quran for protection, this is a bid'ah and no sahaba did such an action.
Another characteristic of the movement of Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab is making takfir on those leaders who dismantle the shariah. Hence, their enemies label them as wahhabis and takfiris. The following are some important fatawa of the classical scholars making takfir on the leaders who dislodge the sharia:
Ibn Taymiyyah (rh) said: “And it is known from the religion (of Islam) by necessity and by the consensus of all Muslims that whoever legalizes to follow other than the religion of Islam or a Shariah other than the Shariah of Muhammad (SAW), he is a Kaafir. And his kufr is similar to that of the one who believes in some part of the book (Quran) and reject some of it.” [Majmua al-Fataawa (28/524)]
Ibn Katheer (rh) said: “Thus, it has become in his sons a followed law to which they have been giving precedence over ruling by the book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (SAW). Whoever does this is a Kaafir who must be fought until he returns to the rule of Allah and His Messenger. So no one other than He should rule neither minorly or majorly." [Tafseer Ibn Katheer (3/131)]
While 'Allama al-Shinqiti-May Allah be merciful with him-has said: To commit shirk with Allah in judging is of the same meaning as to commit shirk in His worship, there is no difference between the two in any manner. There is no difference in any sense between he who follows a system (nizam) other than Allah's system or law other than Allah's law (sharia) and he who worships an idol or prostrates to a false god. They are the same and both are polytheists [associating others] with Allah. [Adwa' al-Bayan, (7/162)]
Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-'Uthaymeen said: "The first type is when the Hukm of Allah is removed and replaced with another Taghuutee Hukm, so that the Hukm of the Shari'ah is eliminated between the people and he puts in its place another Hukm from the fabrication of the humans and they remove the laws of the Shari'ah concerning the Mu'amalah (i. e. the general actions between people) and they put in its place fabricated laws and this, without doubt, is Istib'daal (i. e. replacement) of the Shari'ah of Allah subhaanahuu wa-ta'ala, with other than it. And this is Kufr which removes one from the Milla because this person put himself at the level of the Creator because he shara'a (legislated) for the slaves of Allah that which Allah ta'ala did not give permission for and that is Shirk in His, ta'ala's saying: "Or have they partners with Allâh (false gods), who have instituted for them a religion, which Allâh has not allowed?" (Ash-Shu'ara, 21) – "Fiqh Al-'Ebaadaat", #60
Shaikh 'Abdul-'Azeez Ibn 'Abdullah Ibn Baaz said: "There is no Eeman for the one who believes the laws of the people and their opinions are superior to the Hukm of Allah and His Messenger or that they are equal to it or that they resemble it or who leaves it or replaces it with fabricated laws and institutions invented by people, even if he believes that the laws of Allah are more encompassing and more just." [Wujoob Tah'keem Shari'ah Allah' (pg. 16-17)]
Another difference of opinion the Hanbalis have with the Sufis is the practice of visiting monuments and graves as pilgrims. The Sufis go in thousands all over the world to visit monuments and graves and use these cites as legitimate places for pilgrims. The Hanbalis are of the view that only three masaajid are legitimate places for pilgrimage because of the following Hadith:
Narrated Abu Huraira:The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Do not set out on a journey except to three Masaajid i.e. Al-Masjid-AI-Haram, the Masjid of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) , and the Masjid of Al-Aqsa, (Masjid of Jerusalem)." Sahih al-Bukhari : Vol. 2, Book 21, Hadith 281
It is worthy of mentioning that one salah in Al Masjid Al Haram in Makkah is equal to 100,000 salah. And one salah in the Prophet's Masjid at Madinah is equal to 1000 salah. And one salah in Masjid of Al-Aqsa at Jerusalem is equal to 500 salah.
Another characteristic of the Hanbali madhab is that whenever the Prophet (saw) gives an order, it means fard, mandatory. Some Muslims, like the Mu'tazila, claim that a commandment from the Prophet (saw) means the act is recommended and not fard. We use the following Hadith to refute their claim:
Narrated Ibn `Abbas: Barira’s husband was a slave called Mughith, as if I am seeing him now, going behind Barira and weeping with his tears flowing down his beard. The Prophet (ﷺ) said to `Abbas, "O `Abbas ! are you not astonished at the love of Mughith for Barira and the hatred of Barira for Mughith?" The Prophet (ﷺ) then said to Barira, "Why don't you return to him?" She said, "O Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)! Do you order me to do so?" He said, "No, I only intercede for him." She said, “I am not in need of him.” BUKHARI: Vol. 7, Book 63, Hadith 206
Barira was a slave who earned her freedom while her husband remained a slave. She was given a choice to stay with him or move on to marry a man of her new status. Her husband, Mughith, was crying and begging her to stay with him. The Prophet (saw) suggested she stay with him because of his love for her. She said to the Prophet (saw) “Are you commanding me?” The Holy Prophet (saw) said “No, I am only interceding on his behalf”. Upon hearing this, Barira said “I am not in need of him.” and moved on with her life.
The Hanbalis said the female sahabia knew that if it was a command from the Prophet (saw) she would be obliged to stay with him because a command from the Prophet means the act becomes mandatory.
Another incident that makes the Hanbali madhab unique is the incident of a man asking the Prophet (saw) about making wudu after eating camel meat.
Bara bin Aazib (RA) said that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) was asked about making ablution after eating camel flesh. He said, “Make ablution after that”. Then he was asked about mutton. He said, “It is not necessary after that.” [Sunan Dawud (1/47) No. 184, Sunan Tirmidhi (1/122) No. 81, Sunan Ibn Majah (1/311) No. 494, Musnad Ahmad (4/303) No 18725]
In the Hanbali madhab camel meat breaks wudu because the Prophet (saw) said yes when the man asked shall I make wudu after eating camel meat. In their view, yes is a command and the action is fard. However, the other schools of thought believe that to make wudu after eating camel meat is recommended and not fard. The correct view on this issue, is the stance of the Hanbalis because a command of the Prophet means the action becomes fard.
Another difference of opinion between the Hanbalis and the Sufis is the concept that Allah descends every night to the skys of the earth. The Hanbalis believe that Allah descends, while the Sufis believe that an angel descends on behalf of Allah. The following Hadith explains further:
On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (RA), who said that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Our Lord (glorified and exalted be He) descends each night to the earth's sky when there remains the final third of the night, and He says: 'Who is saying a prayer to Me that I may answer it? Who is asking something of Me that I may give it him? Who is asking forgiveness of Me that I may forgive him?'" [al-Bukhari (7494) (also by Muslim (758, Malik (619), at-Tirmidhi (3498 and Abu Dawud (1315)]
Because of the above mentioned Hadith, the Hanbalis believe that Allah descends because an angel doesn't have the power to forgive us of our sins. In the Hadith, Allah ask “Who is seeking forgiveness so that I can forgive him?”. If you are asked by a Sufi how does Allah descend, the answer is: He descends in a way that befits his dignity and majesty.
Another difference of opinion the Hanbalis have with the Sufis is the concept of seeing Allah on the Day of Resurrection. The Sufis claim that it is impossible to see Allah because Allah said to Musa “Lan taranee”, you will never see Me (Al-A'raf 7:143).
We, the Hanbalis believe that we cannot see Allah in the dunya like Allah said in the above Ayah, however, we will see Allah in the hereafter and we have evidences from Quran and Sunnah to prove this fact. Hence, Allah said:
There they will have all that they desire, and We have more (for them, i.e. a glance at the All-Mighty, All-Majestic). (Qaf 50:35)
Some faces that Day shall be Nadirah (shining and radiant). Looking at their Lord (Allah); (Al-Qiyamah 75:22-23)
Narrated By Abu Huraira: The people said, "O Allah's Apostle! Shall we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?" He replied, "Do you have any doubt in seeing the full moon on a clear (not cloudy) night?" They replied, "No, O Allah's Apostle!" He said, "Do you have any doubt in seeing the sun when there are no clouds?" They replied in the negative. He said, “You will see Allah (your Lord) in the same way. [al-Bukhari (770) and Muslim (352)]
QUESTION AND ANSWER
Q: asalam alekum shaikh why did the followers of muhammad ibn abdul wahab fight against the ottoman caliphate, did they see it as legitimate if they were not why did they fight against them?
The Caliphate of the Ottoman Empire became corrupted with Sufism. And with Sufism they abandoned al wala al bara. Every Caliphate will crumble the moment they get involved with Sufism or irja because these two groups are a cancer in the body of the Ummah.
Q: which translation of fiqh Al Akbar is good to read
It is always best to read a translation which is approved by the Ulama of Najd. This is so because a translation which is done by the Sufis would be embellished. Hence, you are not allowed to trust their translation. Sufis are known to embellish the works of the classical scholars by adding a lot of weak and fabricated Hadiths to their writings. They did exactly this to the work of Imam Dahabi. Imam Dahabi wrote a book called al Kabaa'ir i.e. The Major Sins, 80% of the Hadiths in this book were added by the Sufis and they are either weak or fabricated.
Q: what kind of hujjah can be provided for those who say aqeedah is nor important and tawheed is bidah because the word aqeedah is not found in the Quran.
The people who say aqeeda is not important, we say to them fear Allah and stop misguiding unsuspecting Muslims and we remind them that the Prophet (saw) spent 13 years in Makkah teaching his sahabas aqeeda alone. Also, we remind them that the Prophet told Mu'adh ibn Jabbar, when he sent him to Yemen, that he should begin his dawah with the tawheed of Allah.
Narrated By Ibn Abbas: When the Prophet sent Muadh to Yemen, he said to him, "You are going to a nation from the people of the Scripture, so let the first thing to which you will invite them, be the Tauhid of Allah. If they learn that, tell them that Allah has enjoined on them, five prayers to be offered in one day and one night. And if they pray, tell them that Allah has enjoined on them Zakat of their properties and it is to be taken from the rich among them and given to the poor. And if they agree to that, then take from them Zakat but avoid the best property of the people." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 9, Book 93, Hadith #469] BukharI (9/98 Hadith: 7372)