Thursday, July 30, 2015

(Notes & Audio) Tafsir Ayatul Kursi

TAFSIR AYATUL KURSI
By Shaikh Faisal


Notes typed live by AT19
Edited and formatted by BintZaki and AT19

July 29, 2015




Ayatul Kursi is Ayah 255 in Surah Baqarah (2:255)

Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. [This Verse 2:255 is called Ayat-ul-Kursi.] (Al-Baqarah 2:255)

The Rasool (saw) described Ayatul Kursi as the Greatest Ayah of the Holy Quran

It was reported in a saheeh hadeeth from the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that it is the greatest aayah in the Book of Allaah… It was narrated from Ubayy, i.e., Ubayy ibn Ka’b that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) asked him which aayah in the Book of Allaah was the greatest. He said, “Allaah and His Messenger know best.” He repeated it several times, then he said, “Aayat al-Kursiy.” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Congratulations upon your knowledge O Abu’l-Mundhir. By the One in Whose hand is my soul, it has a tongue and two lips, and it glorifies the Sovereign (i.e., Allaah) at the foot of the Throne.”This was also narrated by Muslim, without the phrase “By the One in Whose hand is my soul…”.

Ayatul Kursi is for your protection:
  • It protects you from the evil eye, black magic and the jinn
  • It protects you throughout the day
  • It drives away the shaitan
Ayatul Kursi contains the Greatest Name of Allah; Allah has 99 names and the greatest name is Allah. Hence, the Prophet (saw) said:

'Whenever you go to bed, recite Ayat-al-Kursi from the beginning to the end ---- Allahu la ilaha illa huwa-lHaiy-ul-Qaiyum----.' He further said to me, '(If you do so), Allah will appoint a guard for you who will stay with you, and no satan will come near you till morning.' (Abu Huraira or another sub-narrator) added that they (the companions) were very keen to do good deeds. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, "He really spoke the truth, although he is an absolute liar. Do you know whom you were talking to, these three nights, O Abu Huraira?" Abu Huraira said, "No." He said, “It was Satan." (Sahih al-Bukhari: Vol. 3, Bk 38, Hadith 505)

Allah's greatest name is in these two Ayah: ‘And your deity is One deity, there is none who has the right to be worshipped but He, Ar-Raḥmān, Ar-Raḥīm.’ And the Opening of Al-`Imrān: ‘Alif. Lām. Mīm. Allah, None has the right to be worshipped but He, the Ever living, the Sustainer.’” (At-Tirmidhi: Vol. 6, Bk 45, Hadith 3478)

Asma bint Yazid narrated that the Prophet (saw) said: “Allah’s greatest name is in these two Ayah: ‘And your deity is One deity, there is none who has the right to be worshipped but He Ar-Raḥmān, Ar-Raḥīm.’ And the Opening of Al-`Imrān: ‘Alif. Lām. Mīm. Allah, None has the right to be worshipped but He, the Ever living, the Sustainer.’” (At-Tirmidhi: Vol. 6, Bk 45, Hadith 3478)

Ayatul Kursi should be recited after every fardh (obligatory) salah:

It is narrated from Abu Umamah (RA) that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said, “ Whoever reads ayat al-kursi after every mandatory (fardh) prayer, only his death prevents his entry into Jannah.” (al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Nasa'i(9/44) No. 9848 and al-Mu’jam al-Kabir al-Tabarani (8/114) No. 7532)

THESE ARE THE MERITS OF AYATUL KURSI

Allah has 99 names, whoever memorizes them and acts upon them will enter paradise. Ayatul Kursi contains the greatest name, Allah:

Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: “Allah has ninety-nine Names, i.e., one hundred minus one, and whoever ‘ahsaha' (enumerates them, believes in them, ponders their meanings, worships Allah by them and supplicates with them, and acts by them according to one's belief in them) will enter Paradise.” (al-Bukhari (7392) and Muslim (2677))

The Arabic word, al ism al A'tham means the Greatest Name. When speaking, it is makrooh to call Allah by any other name besides Allah. However when Muslims give Dawah, they say ‘God’ for the sake of Dawah. But, when you are speaking to a fellow Muslim you should only call Allah by His Name, not ‘God’.

Allah’s name, al Hayy means the Ever Living (the one who cannot die)

As for His other attribute, al Qayyum means the one who Sustains everything that exist in the Heavens and the earth. The expression la illaha illahu means there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah.

In Ayatul Kursi, Allah said: neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him. The following Hadith of the Prophet (saw) explains further:

Narrated: Abu Musa “The Messenger of Allah (saw) said: ‘Allah does not sleep, and it is not befitting that He should sleep. He lowers the Scales and raises them. His Veil is Light and if He were to remove it, the glory of His Face would burn everything of His creation, as far as His gaze reaches.’” Then Abu ‘Ubaidah recited this Verse: ‘Blessed is whosoever is in the fire, (i.e. the light of Allah) and whosoever is round about it! And Glorified is Allah, the Lord of all that exists.”[27:8] (Sahih Ibn Majah: Hadith 196)

If Allah should sleep, who will govern the Heavens and the earth?

To sleep is a sign of weakness. Sleep is a form of imperfection and Allah is above all imperfections, this is why as Muslims we say subhan'Allah.

The Veil and the Hijab of Allah is light; hence, no one can see Allah. However, Allah will grant the believers the privilege to see Allah in the Hereafter.

Please note: Allah did not Say ‘He does not sleep’ as if He (swt) just chooses not to sleep. Rather Allah said, ‘sleep does not overtake Him’, showing that He (swt) does not need sleep nor does He (swt) choose to sleep showing that He is above any imperfection.

The Prophet (saw) said, ‘Verily Allah does not sleep and it does not befit Him to sleep’ (Muslim, Vol 1, # 343)

Why do we say Subhan'Allah?

Because we are saying Allah is above all of the imperfections humans ascribe to Him. Hence, Allah said in the following Ayahs:

Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they attribute unto Him! And peace be on the Messengers! And all the praise and thanks be to Allah, Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). (As-Saffat: 180-182)

Why do we correct the Imam by saying Subhan'Allah when he makes a mistake during salah?

Because we understand that an Imam is human and prone to making mistakes but Allah does not make mistakes.

The Statement in Ayatul Kursi:

To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. (Baqarah: 255)

is similar to Ayahs 93-95 in Surah Maryam:

There is none in the heavens and the earth but comes unto the Most Beneficent (Allah) as a slave. Verily, He knows each one of them, and has counted them a full counting. And everyone of them will come to Him alone on the Day of Resurrection (without any helper, or protector or defender). (Maryam 19:93-95)

The statement is also similar to Surah ar-Ra'd:2

Allah is He Who raised the heavens without any pillars that you can see. Then, He Istawa (rose above) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty). He has subjected the sun and the moon (to continue going round)! Each running (its course) for a term appointed. He regulates all affairs, explaining the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail, that you may believe with certainty in the meeting with your Lord. (Ra'd 13:2)

It is also similar to Surah Mulk:1

Blessed is He in Whose Hand is the dominion, and He is Able to do all things. (Al-Mulk: 1)

The other statement in Ayatul Kursi:

Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? (Baqarah: 255)

is similar to Surah Najm:26 where Allah made mention of shafa'a again:

And there are many angels in the heavens, whose intercession will avail nothing except after Allah has given leave for whom He wills and pleases. (An-Najm: 26)

There are many angels are in the Heavens who intercede for people, but the intercession will not be accepted except by the permission of Allah. Intercession is a reality in the Dunya and in the Akhira and it is only the khawarij that deny intercession in the Dunya and the Akhira.

There are things that intercede for the servants of Allah in the Dunya. Linguistically, the term 'shafaa’ah’ means to make an odd number an even one. Traditionally, shafaa’ah refers to petitioning on behalf of someone to obtain benefit or ward off harm. Intercession is to beg Allah to do good for someone.

WHAT ARE THE VARIOUS TYPES OF INTERCESSIONS?

1. The Great Intercession

The great intercession is the intercession of Muhammad (saw) for mankind on the Day of Recompense. This will occur when all the other Prophets refuse to make intercession for mankind, so Muhammad (saw) will step forward and Allah will allow him to intercede:

Narrated Abu Huraira: We were in the company of the Prophet (saw) at a banquet and a cooked (mutton) forearm was set before him, and he used to like it. He ate a morsel of it and said, "I will be the chief of all the people on the Day of Resurrection. Do you know how Allah will gather all the first and the last (people) in one level place where an observer will be able to see (all) of them and they will be able to hear the announcer, and the sun will come near to them. Some People will say: Don't you see, in what condition you are and the state to which you have reached? Why don't you look for a person who can intercede for you with your Lord? Some people will say: Appeal to your father, Adam.' They will go to him and say: 'O Adam! You are the father of all mankind, and Allah created you with His Own Hands, and ordered the angels to prostrate for you, and made you live in Paradise. Will you not intercede for us with your Lord? Don't you see in what (miserable) state we are, and to what condition we have reached?' On that Adam will reply, 'My Lord is so angry as He has never been before and will never be in the future; (besides), He forbade me (to eat from) the tree, but I disobeyed (Him), (I am worried about) myself! Myself! Go to somebody else; go to Noah.' They will go to Noah and say; 'O Noah! You are the first amongst the messengers of Allah to the people of the earth, and Allah named you a thankful slave. Don't you see in what a (miserable) state we are and to what condition we have reached? Will you not intercede for us with your Lord? Noah will reply: 'Today my Lord has become so angry as he had never been before and will never be in the future Myself! Myself! Go to the Prophet (Muhammad). The people will come to me, and I will prostrate myself underneath Allah's Throne. Then I will be addressed: 'O Muhammad! Raise your head; intercede, for your intercession will be accepted, and ask (for anything). for you will be given. “ (Bukhari : Vol. 4, Book 55, Hadith 556)

The Prophet (saw) said he will be the most noble son of Adam on the Day of Judgment (DOJ)

Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: “I am the most noble of Adam’s descendants on the Day of Resurrection. I am the first whose grave shall be opened. I am the first to offer intercession. I am the first whose intercession shall be accepted.” (Sahih Muslim (4/1782) No. 2278)

2. The Intercession of the Shaheed for 70 Members of His Family

Narrated Al-Miqdam bin Ma'diykarib:That the Messenger of Allah () said: "There are six things with Allah for the martyr. He is forgiven with the first flow of blood (he suffers), he is shown his place in Paradise, he is protected from punishment in the grave, secured from the greatest terror, the crown of dignity is placed upon his head - and its gems are better than the world and what is in it - he is married to seventy two wives along Al-Huril-'Ayn of Paradise, and he may intercede for seventy of his close relatives." (Abu ‘Eisa said: This Hadith is Hasan Sahih. at-Tirmidhi : Vol. 3, Book 20, Hadith 1663)

This is a strong Hadith

3. The Intercession of the Hafiz for His Family

The hafiz will be able to intercede for 10 members of his family.

On the authority of Jabir the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: “The bearer of the Qur’an, if he regards what it permits as halal and what it forbids as haram, he will intercede for ten of his family members on the Day of Resurrection, all of whom deserved to enter Hell.” (al-Mu'jam al-Awsat al-Tabarani (5/260) No. 5258 and Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (4/22 No. 2438] (Classified Daeef))

Although this is a weak Hadith, one can use it to encourage Muslims to do pious deeds. In Islam, we don't discard weak Hadiths, we only discard fabricated Hadiths because they cannot be used for anything.

4. The Intercession of the Angels

The marfoo’ hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him): “By the One in Whose hand is my soul, none of you can be more insistent in asking Allaah to restore his rights against his opponent than the believers who will ask Allaah, on the Day of Resurrection, (to grant them the power of intercession) for their brothers who are in the Fire. They will say, ‘Our Lord, they used to fast with us and pray and perform Hajj.’ It will be said to them, ‘Bring out those whom you recognize, so the Fire will be forbidden to burn them.’ So they will bring out many people… And Allaah will say: ‘The angels have interceded, and the Prophets have interceded, and the believers have interceded. There is none left but the Most Merciful of those who show mercy.’ Then He will seize a handful of the Fire and bring forth from it people who never did anything good.” (Sahih Muslim # 269)


5. The Intercession of the Animals

Many didn't know that the animals, even ants intercede for us:

Abu Umamah Bahili (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (saw) said: “Surely, Allah, His angels, the inhabitants of the heavens and the earths, even the ants in their holes and even the fish invoke blessings on the teacher of the people about what is good.” (Sunan Tirmidhi (5/50) No. 2685)

6. The Intercession of Babies for their Parents who die before Puberty

Please note: This does not refer to every baby, only those who die before puberty. Likewise, the parents have to be Muslim parents.

And those who believe and whose offspring follow them in Faith, to them shall We join their offspring, and We shall not decrease the reward of their deeds in anything. Every person is a pledge for that which he has earned. (At-Tur: 21)

Give a name to children whom you miscarried; because they are your pioneers who went before you in order to earn you high positions in the Hereafter.” (Jamiu’s-Saghir, 3/1074).

Give a name to children whom you miscarried so that Allah will make your scale of good deeds heavier with them. Otherwise, she will come and say on the Day of Judgment: “O Lord! They missed the thawab they would earn from me, by not naming me.” (Jamiu’s-Saghir, 3/1075).

Hadith regarding children who die before puberty:

Narrated By Abu Sa'id: The women requested the Prophet, "Please fix a day for us." So the Prophet preached to them and said, "A woman whose three children died would be screened from the Hell Fire by them," Hearing that, a woman asked, "If two died?" The Prophet replied, "Even two (would screen her from the (Hell) Fire. " And Abu Huraira added, "Those children should be below the age of puberty." (Sahih Bukhari: (2/23) Hadith 1249) & Bukhari: (2/23) Hadith #341)

Children who died before puberty are very lively in Heaven, they are like rattling fish. One of them meets his/her parents and takes hold of their clothes and does not let it go until Allah lets his/her parents into Heaven with him/her.” (Jamiu’s Saghir, 3/2364).

The children of the Mushrikeen:

Sumurah bin Jundub (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah () Prophet) Abraham, and the children around him are those who died upon Al-Fitrah (the Islamic Faith of Monotheism)."' The and the children around him are those who died upon Al-Fitrah (the Islamic Faith of Monotheism)."' The narrator added: Some Muslims asked the Prophet () , "O Messenger of Allah! What about the children of Al-Mushrikun (i.e., polytheists, pagans, idolaters, and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah and in His Messenger Muhammad ())?" The Prophet () replied, "And also the children of Al-Mushrikun.” (Bukhari: Book: 18 Hadith 1546)

"The children of the mushrikeen are servants of the people of Paradise" (Ibn Mandah in al-Ma'rifah, Abu Na'eem in al-Hilyah, Abu Ya'la in al-Musnad and al-Albaani deemed it saheeh by the sum of its Isnaad, Silsilat al-Hadith as-Saheehah, 3/452, no. 1468)


7. The Intercession of the Ordinary Muslim for his Brother or Sister

Some Muslims who are not prophets or messengers will be in Paradise, then they will realize that their friends are not with them in Paradise. So they will seek Allah's permission to intercede for them. The following Hadith explains further:

They [the Muslims] will say: ‘O Allah! (Save) our brothers (for they) used to pray with us, fast with us and also do good deeds with us.' Allah will say, ‘Go and take out (of Hell) anyone in whose heart you find faith equal to the weight of one (gold) Dinar.’ (Bukhari, Vol. 9, Book 93, Hadith 532)

Allah will tell him/her to look in Hellfire for anyone with the faith of a dinar so He (swt) can take him/her out of hellfire. This Hadith shows how an ordinary Muslim will beg Allah to take his/her friend out of the Hellfire

8. The Intercession of Ramadan

Ramadan will say, I kept him hungry so give him paradise:

'Abdullah ibn 'Amr reported that the Messenger of Allah (saw), said: "The fast and the Qur'an are two intercessors for the servant of Allah on the Day of Resurrection. The fast will say: 'O Lord, I prevented him from his food and desires during the day. Let me intercede for him.' The Qur'an will say: 'I prevented him from sleeping at night. Let me intercede for him.' And their intercession will be accepted." (Musnad Ahmad (2/174) No. 6626, Mustadrak al-Haakim (1/740) No. 2036, Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (3/37�� No. 1839)

9. The Intercession of the Quran

"Read the Quran. For verily it will come forth on the Day of Resurrection as an intercessor for its readers." (Muslim)

"The Quran is an intercessor (which by Allah's permission) intercedes, and an opponent (which is) truthful. He who appoints it as his leader, (then it) will lead him to Paradise. And he who puts it behind him, (then it) will lead him to the Fire."
(Ibn Hibban, Al-Bayhaqi, At-Tabarani, Sahih)
(Sahih Muslim # 269)Then the Prophet (saw) will intercede for you on the Day of Judgement





10. Other Prophets will also Intercede

The marfoo’ hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him): “By the One in Whose hand is my soul, none of you can be more insistent in asking Allaah to restore his rights against his opponent than the believers who will ask Allaah, on the Day of Resurrection, (to grant them the power of intercession) for their brothers who are in the Fire. They will say, ‘Our Lord, they used to fast with us and pray and perform Hajj.’ It will be said to them, ‘Bring out those whom you recognize, so the Fire will be forbidden to burn them.’ So they will bring out many people… And Allaah will say: ‘The angels have interceded, and the Prophets have interceded, and the believers have interceded. There is none left but the Most Merciful of those who show mercy.’ Then He will seize a handful of the Fire and bring forth from it people who never did anything good.”

Above are the 10 types of intercessions

Ultimately, the faith of people in both this world and the Hereafter, is in the Hands of Allah. He (swt) alone knows what will happen to them:

He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter . (Al-Baqarah: 255)

It is worthy of mentioning that some people will be denied intercession and not everyone is qualified for intercession.

Who will be denied intercession?

Allah Spoke about them in Surah Muddaththir Verses 42-48

"What has caused you to enter Hell?"
They will say: "We were not of those who used to offer their Salat (prayers). "Nor we used to feed Al-Miskin (the poor); "And we used to talk falsehood (all that which Allah hated) with vain talkers. "And we used to belie the Day of Recompense. "Until there came to us (the death) that is certain." So no intercession of intercessors will be of any use to them. (Al-Muddaththir:42-48)

Saqar is a place in Hell; once you enter it you will not get out. Nimrod, the Pharaoh, Abu Lahab and Abu Jahl are examples of people who will b in Saqar on the Day of Recompense. People that go to a section of Hell called Jaheem will come out with the intercession of Muhammad (saw). The fire of Jaheem will go out when all the Muslims come out of it and are transferred to the Paradise. This is the meaning of Ibn Taymiyyah's statement that the Hellfire will go out.

"What has caused you to enter Hell?" They will say: "We were not of those who used to offer their Salat (prayers). "Nor we used to feed Al-Miskin (the poor); (Al-Muddaththir:42- 44)

No intercession will be made for the one who did not establish his salah. The most important ibadah in Islam is salah. In order for us to gain the intercession of Muhammad (saw), we should recite the du'a after the adhan and ask Allah to give Muhammad (saw) al-Maqaam al-Mahmood, the noble station. Allah spoke about the noble station in the following Ayah:

And in some parts of the night (also) offer the Salat (prayer) with it (i.e. recite the Qur'an in the prayer), as an additional prayer (Tahajjud optional prayer Nawafil) for you (O Muhammad saw). It may be that your Lord will raise you to Maqaman Mahmuda (a station of praise and glory, i.e. the highest degree in Paradise!). (Al-Isra: 79)

THREE CONDITIONS FOR THE INTERCESSION TO BE ACCEPTED:

  1. Allah has to Allow the intercession to take place
  2. Allah has to be Pleased with the interceder (i.e. The interceder should have the status to intercede)
  3. Allah has to be Pleased with the sinner who needs intercession


The types of intercession Muhammad (saw) will perform on the Day of Judgement are as follows:

  • The Rasool (saw) will intercede for Muslims whose good deeds are equal to their bad deeds
  • The Prophet (saw) will also intercede for some persons who deserve to be dumped in Hellfire because their bad deeds are more than their good deeds. Although they deserve the hellfire, the Prophet (saw) will beg on their behalf
  • The Prophet (saw) will intercede for the people who are already in the Hellfire for them to be transferred into the Paradise.

Narrated By Anas: The Prophet said, "Whoever said "None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a barley grain will be taken out of Hell. And whoever said: "None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a wheat grain will be taken out of Hell. And whoever said, "None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of an atom will be taken out of Hell." [Al-Bukhari: (1/2) Hadith: 44) & (1/2) Hadith 43) and Muslim (193)]

Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him in worship, but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases, and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin. (An-Nisa 4:48)

Why does Allah allow such an intercession to take place? Allah will allow Muhammad (saw) to intercede for people whose bad deeds are more than their good deeds because His mercy prevails over His wrath. Secondly, Allah will allow Muhammad to intercede on behalf of sinners on the Day of Judgement because all the Prophets had a du'a which Allah will answer and they used up their du'a in the dunya. But the Prophet Muhammad (saw) saved up his du'a to use it on the Day of Judgement to intercede for his Ummah.

The third reason why Allah will allow Muhammad (saw) to intercede is because Muhammad (saw) is a mercy for mankind in the dunya and the Akhira. In this regard, Allah said:

And We have sent you (O Muhammad SAW) not but as a mercy for the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). (Al-Anbiya 21:107)

As for the sinners who did not commit shirk, they have hope in the hereafter because Allah will forgive all sins except shirk to whom He please. Thus Allah said:

Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him in worship, but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases, and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin. (An-Nisa 4:48)

The following Hadith coincides with the above mentioned Ayah:

On the authority of Anas (RA), who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (saw) say: "Allah the Almighty said: 'O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you. O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it.'" (At-Tirmidhi (also by Ahmad ibn Hanbal). Its chain of authorities is sound.)

The statement of Allah in Ayatul Kursi:

And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. (Al-Baqarah 2: 255)

This statement means only Allah knows the unseen and only Allah has perfect knowledge of the past, present and future:

And when is the Hour?” He said, “The one who is questioned does not know more about it than the one who asks.” He asked, “Then what are its Signs?” He said, “That a maid-servant will beget her mistress and that you see barefooted, naked-bodied, helpless shepherds construct tall buildings.”... (Muslim 8, Tirmidhi 2619, Abu Dawud 4695, Nisai 5005, Ibn Majah 63, Ahmed 184)

When the Prophet (saw) said one of the signs of the last days are that Arabs will compete in constructing tall buildings, that knowledge was of the unseen

Allah (swt) gave the Prophet (saw) some knowledge of the unseen as He please. A few examples include when the Prophet (saw) predicted that his wife, Zaynab bint Jahsh, would be the first of his wives to die:

Narrated `Aisha:Some of the wives of the Prophet () asked him, "Who amongst us will be the first to follow you (i.e. die after you)?" He said, "Whoever has the longest hand." So they started measuring their hands with a stick and Sauda's hand turned out to be the longest. (When Zainab bint Jahsh died first of all in the caliphate of `Umar), we came to know that the long hand was a symbol of practicing charity, so she was the first to follow the Prophet () and she used to love to practice charity. (Sauda died later in the caliphate of Muawiya). Bukhari : Vol. 2, Book 24, Hadith 501

and when the Prophet predicted the death of Ammar ibn Yasir at the hands of the rebellious group:

"Alas! A rebellious group which swerves from the truth will murder Ammar. Ammar will be calling them towards Paradise and they will be calling him towards Hell. His killer and those who strip him of arms and clothing will be in Hell." (Al-Bukhari, at-Tirmidhi, Ahmad ibn Hanbal)

The Prophet (saw) had vast knowledge of the future; hence, he was able to make accurate predictions. But this knowledge was only by Allah's permission.

To assume a man has complete knowledge of ilm ul ghaib is shirk. This is the ideology of the Rafida

(Rafida = Shia)

SHIA HUJJAH: The Imams have knowledge of the past and future; and nothing is hidden from them. ( SHIA HUJJAH: The Imams have knowledge of the past and future; and nothing is hidden from them. (Al-Kafi vol.1 p.260 )

They say nothing is hidden from their Imams

SHIA HUJJAH: The Imams know when they will die, and they only die by their choice. (Al Kafi vol.1 p.258 )

The creed of the Rafida that says their Imams know when they are going to die and they choose when to die, contradicts the following Ayah

Verily, Allah! With Him (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs. No person knows what he will earn tomorrow, and no person knows in what land he will die. Verily, Allah is AllKnower, AllAware (of things). (Luqman: 34)

Allah told the Prophet Muhammad (saw) to declare to mankind that he doesn't have knowledge of the unseen. Hence, Allah said:

Say (O Muhammad saw) : "I possess no power of benefit or hurt to myself except as Allah wills. If I had the knowledge of the Ghaib (unseen), I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me. I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings unto people who believe." (Al-A'raf: 188)

If the Prophet (saw) didn't have complete knowledge of the ghaib, how can the shia imams possess such knowledge?!

Why did Hassan drink poison and die if he had knowledge of ilm ul ghaib? This is a question no Shia is able to answer. Hassan is the second Imam in the Shia religion. They claim all their Imams have complete knowledge of the ghaib, they are infallible and cannot make a single mistake. Yet they claim Hassan was poisoned by his enemies. The ideology of the Shia is ridiculous and doesn't stand up to scrutiny.

His Kursi extends over the Heavens and the Earth (Baqarah: 155)

What is the Kursi?

Literally means footstool. Some scholars say Kursi is the dominion of Allah over His entire creation. Some scholars say Kursi means His authority.
If you should ask a Hanbali scholar this question, he would say the Kursi is the footstool.

Let's ask Uthaymeen what is the Kursi:

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said: There are those who say that the Kursi is the Throne because of the hadeeth, “Allaah will set up His Kursi on the Day of Resurrection.” They think that the Kursi is the Throne. Similarly, some people claim that the Kursi is Allaah’s knowledge, and say that the aayah (interpretation of the meaning) “His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth” [al-Baqarah 2:255] refers to His Knowledge. The correct view is that the Kursi is a footstool, and the Throne is that which the Most Merciful rose above (istiwaa’). And knowledge is the attribute of the knowledgeable one by means of which he understands that which he knows. (al-Qawl al-Mufeed Sharh Kitaab al-Tawheed, 3/393, 394). And Allaah knows best.

It is worthy of mentioning that Ibn Abbas says the Kursi is the footstool. This statement of Ibn Abbas is mawquf i.e. it came from him and not the Prophet (saw). The Ulama said the statement of Ibn Abbas is saheeh because it doesn't have a weak chain of transmitters.

Those who say that the kursi is Allah's Authority are not wrong because Allah said His Kursi extends over the entire Heaven and earth.

Waki` narrated in his Tafsir that Ibn `Abbas said, "Kursi is the footstool, and no one is able to give due consideration to ﴿Allah'sThrone.'' Al-Hakim recorded this Hadith in his Mustadrak from Ibn `Abbas, who did not relate it to the Prophet . Al-Hakim said, "It is Sahih according to the criteria of the Two Sahihs, and they (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) did not record it.'' In addition, Ad-Dahhak said that Ibn `Abbas said, “If the seven heavens and the seven earths were flattened and laid side by side, they would add up to the size of a ring in a desert, compared to the Kursi.’' (Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

The next statement in Ayatul Kursi:

He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them (Al-Baqarah: 255)

The word “them” in the above statement of Allah means the Heaven and the earth. This refutes the Christians who believe Allah rested on the 7th day after creating the Heaven and Earth. It also refutes the Jewish belief that Allah rested on a Saturday after creating the Heaven and the earth.

It is a sign between me and the children of Israel forever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed. (Exodus 31:17) King James Version

This Verse in exodus, 31:17, is shirk. Refreshed means to replenish lost energy. Allah doesn't lose His energy so this statement is shirk.

In refuting the false claims of the Christians and Jews, Allah said:

And indeed We Created the heavens and the earth and all between them in six Days and nothing of fatigue touched Us. (Qaf: 38)

Till today, the Jews and some Christians go to church on a Saturday claiming it is the sabbath. The Jews claim Saturday is their sabbath; hence, they cannot work. In Islam, we have no sabbath because Allah did not rest after creating His creation. Thus, Allah said in the following Ayah:

Then when the (Jumu'ah) Salat (prayer) is finished, you may disperse through the land, and seek the Bounty of Allah (by working, etc.), and remember Allah much, that you may be successful. (Al-Jumu'ah: 10)

To claim Allah rested is a big lie and also shirk. The following statement of Allah in Ayatul Kursi: Allah is the Most High, the Most Great means Allah is the Most High in status and in position.

The Prophet (saw) said to ask for Firdaus when you ask for Paradise because it is the highest Paradise and Allah's Arsh is above Firdaus:

Ubadah bin As-Samit that the Prophet said, Paradise has one hundred levels and between each level is a distance like the distance between the sky and the earth. Al-Firdaws is the name of the highest of its levels. From it springs the four rivers and the Throne is above it. Therefore, when you ask Allah, then ask Him for AlFirdaws. [Musnad Ahmad (5/316) No. 22747 and Sunan Tirmidhi (4/675) No. 2531]

Firdaus is the highest Paradise and Allah's Arsh is above Firdaus, so consequently, Allah is the Most High. Allah also said in Ayatul Kursi He is the Most Great.

The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “Allah the Almighty said, ‘Pride is My cloak and greatness is My robe, and he who competes with Me in respect of either of them, I shall cast into the Hell Fire.’” (Sunan Abu Dawud - Classed as Sahih by Shaykh al-Albaani)

Allah is above the Arsh because Allah is the Most Great, He said:

Narrated By Abu Huraira: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Allah will hold the whole earth, and roll all the heavens up in His Right Hand, and then He will say, 'I am the King; where are the kings of the earth?'" (al-Bukhari (7382) and Muslim (2787))

Allah Hates for people to call themselves the King of Kings because Allah is the only King of Kings. The expression King of Kings is shirk; thus, Allah makes it His duty to disgrace any man who calls himself the King of Kings the way He disgraced the Shah of Iran.

Narrated By Abu Huraira: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Allah will hold the whole earth, and roll all the heavens up in His Right Hand, and then He will say, 'I am the King; where are the kings of the earth?'" (al-Bukhari (7382) and Muslim (2787))

The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “The most hated and despised man before Allah on the Day of Resurrection will be a man who was called Maalikul Amlaak (the king of kings). There is no king except Allah.” (Sahih Muslim)

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (saw) as saying: The vilest name in Allah's sight is Malik al-Amidh (King of Kings). The narration transmitted on the authority of Shaiba (contains these words): There is no king but Allah, the Exalted and Glorious. Sufyan said: Similarly, the word Shahinshah (is also the vilest appellation). Ahmad ibn Hanbal said: I asked Abu 'Amr about the meaning of Akhna. He said: The vilest. (Muslim, Bk 25, # 5338)

Kingship is not allowed in Islam because the Holy Quran says Kings, whenever they enter a land, they corrupt it.

She said: "Verily! Kings, when they enter a town (country), they despoil it, and make the most honourable amongst its people low. And thus they do. (An-Naml 27:34)

Even though Bilqis, the Queen of Sheeba, was royalty, she spoke the truth and said whenever kings enter a land, they corrupt it. The reason why kings corrupt the land is because the leadership is past on from father to son and sometimes the son is not suitable as a leader. In Islam, the leadership should evolve naturally. It should not be imposed on the Ummah by virtue of lineage.

It is worthy of mentioning that the four tawheeds are inside of Ayatul Kursi.

When Allah said in Ayatul Kursi La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) this statement of Allah is tawheed ibaada because Allah declares that none has the right to be worshipped except

When Allah Said: Al-Hayyul Qayyum (the Ever Living and the one who sustains and protects all that exist) this statement of Allah represents Tawheed Asma Wa Sifaat.

When Allah said: To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. These words of Allah represents Allah's Lordship, Tawheed ar Rububiyyah, because it means all that is in the Heavens and on earth belongs to Allah and He controls the entire universe.

And when Allah said: Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? This declaration of Allah represents Tawheed Hakimiyyah because it means Allah is the only Judge on the Day of Judgement and no one can veto His decisions.

Ayatul Kursi, the greatest Ayah of the Holy Quran, contains the four branches of Tawheed and it is impossible for anyone to deny this fact.


QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Q: the muslim jinns sin like we do? If so Will they be punished in the hellfire and if they go to jannah, will we be able to see them in Jannah?

There is no doubt that jinns are of various religious persuasions. Some are Muslims, others are Jews, Christians, Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs, Agnostics, Atheists, etc. Hence, Allah said in the following Ayah about the reality:

'There are among us some that are righteous, and some the contrary; we are groups each having a different way (religious sect, etc.). (Al-Jinn: 11)

Because jinns are good and some are evil they will undergo reward and punishment just like humans. The scholars of Islam use the following Quranic Verse to prove that the good jinn will inherit the paradise like the pious humans.

Wherein both will be those (maidens) restraining their glances upon their husbands, whom no man or jinn yatmithhunna (has opened their hymens with sexual intercourse) before them. (Ar-Rahman: 56)

In the above Quranic Verse, Allah said the virgins of Paradise were not deflowered by neither men nor jinn. This means jinn will go to Paradise like humans do.

Q: Can you pray with or let someone lead the salah if his pronunciation of the Qur'an is off?

It is haram for someone to lead the prayer if he cannot recite the Fatiha properly because Surah Fatiha is fardh and it must be recited in proper Arabic in order for the salah to be valid. Some Imams say

Wa laz zaaa leeen

instead of

Wa lad daaa leen

It is haram to pray behind such an Imam because he cannot recite Surah Fatiha with proper pronunciation. The Prophet (saw) said there is no salah without Surah Fatiha.



Narrated By 'Ubada bin As-Samit: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "Whoever does not recite Al-Fatiha in his prayer, his prayer is invalid." [al-Bukhari (756) and Muslim (394)]


Wednesday, July 29, 2015

(NOTES & AUDIO) ARE YOU A WAHHABI?

ARE YOU A WAHHABI?
By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal

July 25, 2015



Notes typed live by AT19
Edited and formatted by Shaikh Faisal and AT19


What do you understand from the word Wahhabi, who uses this term and why?

The Wahhabi movement is classified as a spiritual and political movement. This is so because they believe in the establishment of the Islamic State to preserve the deen of the Ummah.

The spiritual father for the wahhabi movement was Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab. He was born 1703 and died 1792. He founded a movement based on pure tawheed
in order to purify the Arabian Peninsula from seven evil things:

  1. Kufr
  2. Shirk
  3. Zandaqa [heresy]
  4. Superstitions
  5. Deviancy
  6. Bid'ah [cursed innovations]
  7. Apostasy

He will always be remembered for his amazing accomplishment of ridding the Arabian Peninsula of grave worshippers. His work, nawaaqid al Islam, is a book comprised of the 10 things that eject a person outside the fold of Islam. This book was written to protect the Ummah from kufr, shirk, zandaqa, and apostasy. It is incumbent on all Muslims to study the contents of this book in order to safeguard their deen. Many Muslims have apostates in their families without realising it because they do not understand tawheed to know who is a Muslim and who is a kaafir.

It is incumbent on all Islamic schools, colleges, institutes and universities to study this book, the 10 Nullifiers of Islam. Below are the 10 nullifiers of Islam stated by Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhab:

THE TEN THINGS THAT NULLIFY ISLAM IS AS FOLLOWS:

Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab said: Know that the things that nullify Islam are TEN

FIRST: polytheism, which is worshipping other gods besides the One true God, Allah [4:48; 5:72]

SECOND: he commits Kufr by Ijma’ whoever places mediums between himself and Allah, mediums that he calls upon, ask forgiveness from, or rely on. [39:3; 35:14]

THIRD: he commits Kufr whoever does not apply the Kufr principle upon polytheists, or whoever doubts that polytheists are infidels, or whoever corrects polytheists’ path. [3:19; 3:85]

FOURTH: he is a disbeliever whoever thinks that another guidance is better than prophet Muhammad’s guidance, or another judgement is better than prophet Muhammad’s judgement, such as preferring Tawagheet's (tyrants) judgement over prophet Muhammad's judgement. [5:44]

FIFTH: he commits Kufr whoever hates something that prophet Muhammad -peace and blessings be upon him- came with, even if he practices it. [47:9]

SIXTH: he commits Kufr whoever mocks some of God’s religion, some of God’s reward, or some of God's punishment. He commits kufr if he mocks the Messenger of Allah [saw]. [9:65-66]

SEVENTH: he commits kufr, who dabbles in black magic or pays someone to do magic on his behalf. [2:102]

EIGHTH: helping polytheists against Muslims. The evidence on that is the saying of Allah, the Exalted: And if any amongst you takes them (as Auliyâ’), then surely he is one of them. Verily, Allâh guides not those people who are the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong doers. (Al Maida 5:51)

NINTH: he is a disbeliever whoever believes that some people are able to leave the Sharia’ of prophet Muhammad -peace and blessings be upon him- as Al-Khidr was able to leave the Sharia’ of Moses -peace be upon him-. [5:50]

TENTH: the unwillingness to learn or practice the religion of God. The evidence on that is the saying of Allah, the Exalted: And who does more wrong than he who is reminded of the Ayât (proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of his Lord, then turns aside therefrom? Verily, We shall exact retribution from the Mujrimûn (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners). (32:22). [The Ten Nullifiers of Islam by Muhammed Ibn Abdul-Wahab]

THE THREE PRINCIPLES IS ANOTHER BOOK THAT HE WROTE

The three principles is another book written by Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab. These three principles are called Root Islamic Education [Asli Deen]. The Shaikh took the three principles from the Hadith where the Prophet Muhammad [saw] said every human will be asked three questions in his or her grave.

Bara (RA) reported from the Prophet (SAW) about this verse: "Allah keeps the believers firm with the stable word in the worldly life and in the Hereafter." (14:27) He explained that this has reference to the grave when it is asked, “Who is your Lord? Who was your Prophet? and What is your religion?” [Bukhari 1369, Muslim 2871, Abu Dawud 4750, Tirmidhi 3131, Nisai 2056, Ibn e Majah 4269]

These three principles are also called Ma'loom min ad-deen Bid-Daroora meaning that which is known of Islam by necessity. You need to know these three things to be a real Muslim. If you are ignorant of three things, you are not a Muslim.

WHO ARE THE PEOPLE WHO CALL OTHERS WAHHABI?

The following 11 people are guilty of calling orthodox Muslims Wahhabis'. Their aim and objective is to use the term Wahhabi to insult real Muslims [people on pure tawheed] because they envy the real Muslims for their deen.
  1. Shia
  2. Sufi
  3. Berailvis
  4. Parvezi [Hadith rejector]
  5. Mu'tazila [rationalist]
  6. Asha'ira
  7. Secularist
  8. Modernist
  9. Democrats
  10. Hypocrites
  11. Apostates
The people who use the word wahhabi, their intention is to practise smear, sneer and jeer. However, the people who practice the teachings of Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab are not Wahhabis. They are Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaa'ah and Salafi Jihadi. These words are not offensive. They are also referred to as a Muwahhid [i.e. a person who is on pure tawheed]. It is inappropriate to call a person a Wahhabi because it is used to insult and name calling is haram in the following Ayah:

O you who have believed, let not a people ridicule [another] people; perhaps they may be better than them; nor let women ridicule [other] women; perhaps they may be better than them. And do not insult one another and do not call each other by [offensive] nicknames. Wretched is the name of disobedience after [one's] faith. And whoever does not repent - then it is those who are the wrongdoers. (Al-Ĥujurāt 49:11)

The people who are Mushrikeen use the word Wahhab to insult orthodox Muslims. They want you to abandon your pure tawheed and follow them in their kufr, shirk and zandaqa. The Sufis, Shias and Bervailvis are the Mushrikeen of the Ummah.

Sufis are the Christian of the Ummah, the Berailvis are still Hindus and the Shias are still Zorastrians. These people have entered into the fold of Islam under false pretence. These people cannot survive in a genuine Islamic State because they are kuffar, outside the fold of Islam. They would be asked to convert to Islam or leave.

They are the worst of kuffar. They preach that Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab was a British agent. Like all infidels, they slander their enemies in order to survive. We are not allowed to call their places of worship a masjid. This is because they worship false deities in their places of worship. You have to call it a temple because in a masjid Allah alone is worshipped. Hence, Allah says:

And the mosques are for Allâh (Alone), so invoke not anyone along with Allâh. (Al-Jinn 72:18)

When Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab was born, he and the British didn't share the same era. Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab is from Uyayna, Saudia Arabia. He was born 1703. This was long before the British stepped into the Middle East. Also, he was from Saudia Arabia, and we all know that Saudia Arabia was not colonised by the British or any one else.

Allah told us to verify the news coming from an evil person in the following Ayah:

O you who believe! If a rebellious evil person comes to you with a news, verify it, lest you harm people in ignorance, and afterwards you become regretful to what you have done. (Al-Hujurat 49:6)

If you repeat this news from the mushrikeen, you will be asked about it on Day of Judgement because it is a slander. Moreover, the flesh of the scholars is poison. Be careful about slandering a pious scholar. The Holy Prophet [saw] said:

Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "It is enough to call a man a liar that he narrates everything he hears" [Sahih Muslim (1/10) No. 5, Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah (5/237) No. 25617, al-Zuhd al-Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (p. 41) No. 249]

Why would the British sponsor a scholar like Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab to bring back authentic tawheed to the Ummah?!

These misguided Muslims use to be grave worshippers. The colonial masters promote evil practices like grave worshipping because grave worshippers have no taqwa to oppose them with jihad.

Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab will be remembered as the man who surgically removed shirk from the Ummah. The malicious slander of the mushrikeen doesn't make sense because it doesn't stand up to scrutiny.

Mirza Gulam Ahmed, the false Prophet of Qadian, was on the payroll of the British. He preached non-jihad against the colonialist and he even claimed to be a Prophet after Muhammad [saw].

Ahmed Raza, the founding father of the Berailvi movement, was also paid by the British, and he preached that Muslims should worship the graves besides Allah [shirk].

History has proven that the preachers who were sponsored by the British were all fake Muslims whose aim and objectives was to mislead unsuspecting Muslims. Today, millions of Muslims in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh have become infidels due to the work of Mirza Ghulam Ahmed and Ahmed Raza. Both of these heretics were sponsored by the British.

THE IMPORTANT PRINCIPLES OF MUHAMMAD IBN ABDUL WAHHAB'S MOVEMENT

The text has a literal meaning unless proven otherwise. The text means Quran and Sunnah. Therefore, we have to understand the text from its apparent meaning. Those, in whose heart is the disease of hypocrisy, claim that the text is metaphorical; therefore it has a hidden meaning which is known only to their Imams who are firmly grounded in knowledge. These people are called the batiniyyah [those who claim that the text is metaphorical and it has a hidden meaning]. The reason why the batiniyyah claim that the text is metaphorical is because they have an evil motive. Their evil motive is to put a spin on the text in order to mislead unsuspecting Muslims.

The movement of Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab is on the opposite side of the spectrum. Their stance is the stance of the Dhahiriyyah madhab, they take a literal approach to the text unless we have evidence that the text is metaphorical.

WHY DIDN'T MUHAMMAD IBN ABDUL WAHHAB SUBSCRIBE TO THE BATINIYYAH MADHAB?

He refused to subscribe to the batiniyyah madhab because he took his teachings from Ahmed ibn Hanbal and ibn Taymiyyah. He was considered 100% Hanbali in madhab because he followed the madhab in aqeeda and fiqh.

Whenever you follow one of the four great Imams in aqeeda and fiqh you will be protected from deviant ideas. But if you follow one of the four great Imams in fiqh only you are not protected from deviant ideas. Unfortunately, this is the plight of most Muslims today. They follow Imam Abu Hanifa, Malik and Shafi in fiqh but not in aqeeda, so they have become deviants in regards to aqeeda.

Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab didn't invent a fifth Madhab, although he had the influence to do so, because this would cause fitnah in the Ummah. We are happy with the four great Imams and there is no need for a fifth madhab. Naasir Deen Albani tried to invent a fifth madhab and he failed miserably.

Due to the stance of Ahmed ibn Hanbal against all deviant groups of his era, he gained the title the Imam of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa'ah.

IS IT COMPULSORY FOR YOU TO FOLLOW A MADHAB?

It is not compulsory on a Muslim to rigidly follow one of the four madhabs; however, it is compulsory on a Muslim to have a teacher who is an expert in aqeeda to teach him the Islamic creed. And it is compulsory on him to have a teacher who is an expert in fiqh to teach him Islamic jurisprudence.

This is so because we were commanded by Allah to ask those who know if we dont know:

So ask the people who have knowledge of the scripture if you don't know. (Al-Anbiya 21:7)

The people who say the Quran is metaphorical, they claim that the throne of Allah is an abstract noun and not a concrete noun because the word arsh means the Glory of Allah. A concrete noun is a thing you can see and touch like a car or a house. We use the following Quranic verse to refute their false claim:

And the angels will be on its sides, and eight angels will, that Day, bear the Throne of your Lord above them. (Al-Haqqah 69:17)

If eight angels will carry the throne of Allah on the Day of Judgement, how can it be an abstract noun?!

The Sufis and Shias say don't take the Quran literally, but they are hypocrites they take the Quran literally when it suits them. For example, they take 2:115 literally:

And to Allah belongs the east and the west. So wherever you [might] turn, there is the Face of Allah. Indeed, Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing. (Al-Baqarah 2:115) (Al-Baqarah 2:115)

They use the above mentioned verse to say Allah is everywhere, even though the verse means the Knowledge of Allah is everywhere.

Also, they take Surah 50:16 literally:

And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein. (Qaf 50:16)

They use the above verse to promote wahdatul wujood [union]. The concept of union means a servant of Allah can become so pious due to his righteous deeds, to the extent that he becomes one with Allah. When he becomes one with Allah, he becomes a man-God. Hence, he doesn't need to pray anymore and everything which is haram has become halal for him including zina and khamr.

The people who claim we take the Quran literally also say we are guilty of giving Allah human body parts. This is called anthropomorphism. We refute them by saying it is impossible for us to give Allah human body parts because Allah is not human. Therefore, Allah has two hands, but they are not like our hands because Allah doesn't not resemble His creation in anyway shape or form. Allah told us in the following Ayah that He has two Hands and He created Adam with His two Hands.

(Allah) said: "O Iblis (Satan)! What prevents you from prostrating yourself to one whom I have created with Both My Hands. Are you too proud (to fall prostrate to Adam) or are you one of the highly exalted?" (Sad 38:75)

We affirm this Ayah as it is mentioned in the Quran literally. Our understanding is that Allah has two hands but it is not like our hands because Allah says:

There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. (Ash-Shura 42:11)

The clock on the wall has two hands and they don't resemble your hands. Allah is the Creator and we are His creation, and Allah doesn't resemble His creation. The Prophet (saw) said Allah created four things with His two Hands: Arsh, Pen, Adam and Paradise.

Mujahid narrated Abdullah ibn Umar (RA) said: “Allah created four things with His Hand; 1. The Throne 2. The Pen 3. Aadam and 4. The paradise of ‘Adn. He then said to the rest of the creation ‘Kun’ [Be] and it was.” [Adh Dhahabi in ‘Mukhtasar al-‘Uluw’ (p105), Abu al-Shaikh al-Asbahani in ‘al-‘Adhuma' (5/1555), Tafsir al-Tabari (21/239), ‘The chain is authentic according to the conditions of Muslim.’]

When you read the Quran and you see Allah mention His Face, Hands and Shin you have to take the same stance as the sahabas. Therefore, you read it, believe it and leave it - do not put a spin on it like the heretics do.

The Hanbali use the following Hadith to say Allah has two Eyes but His Eyes are not like our eyes:

Abdullah bin 'Umar (RA) said: One day the Messenger of Allah (SAW) mentioned Al-Masih Dajjal (the Antichrist) in the presence of the people and said, "Verily, Allah is not one-eyed but Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal is blind in the right eye which looks like a swollen grape." [al-Bukhari (7127) and Muslim (169)]

Those who reject the concept that Allah has two Hands and two Eyes, their hearts are not pure. In their hearts and mind they make Allah similar to His creation. They believe Allah's Hands are like our hands. Due to this erroneous concept which is shirk, they deny that Allah has two hands. We, the members of ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa'ah do not believe that Allah's two Hands resemble our hands; hence, we have no qualms about accepting the apparent meaning of the Ayah that says Allah has two Hands and He created Adam with His two Hands.

If you are sincere about following an Imam, you would follow the Imam in fiqh and aqeeda. This is what the Hanbalis do, we follow Ahmed ibn Hanbal in fiqh and aqeeda. When you are not sincere, you will follow the Imam in fiqh but dump his aqeeda and this is what the Hanafis have done, they follow Abu Hanifa in Fiqh but his not in Aqeeda because they don't want to give up shirk.

Instead of following Abu Hanifa in aqeeda, they follow a madman called Abu Mansoor al Maturudi from Uzbekistan and dump the aqeeda of Abu Hanifa. The neo Hanafis claim that aqeeda is not important, so in their institutions they teach Hanafi fiqh and no tawheed. But how could they make such a claim when the founding father of the Hanafi madhab wrote a book on tawheed and called it Fiqh al Akbar. In his book he asserted that the greatest subject of Islam is tawheed. It is clear that the neo Hanafis claim to follow Abu Hanifa is a big lie. Their similitude is like the Christians who claim to follow Jesus, yet they eat pig, are uncircumcised and worship three gods in a trinity.

Nouman Ali Khan Unveiled : Noman Ali Khan Said Aqeedah is Not Important::::: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5XpA0ZTaqQk

Another false claim of the Hanafis is that it is bida'h to ask a Muslim “where is Allah?”. They say asking Muslims “where is Allah?” is one of the hallmarks of a Wahhabi and it is un-Islamic. We use the follow hadith to refute their false claim:

It is narrated that the companion Mu`awiyah ibn al-Hakam, (RA) slapped his servant girl who used to tend his sheep, and as a result went to the Prophet (SAWS) and asked what should be done as an atonement for having slapped her. The Prophet replied, "Bring her to me" so Mu`awiyah brought her to the Prophet. The Prophet then asked her, "Where is Allah?" and she replied "Above the Sky (heavens)" then the Prophet asked her, "Who am I?" and she replied, "You are Allah’s Messenger", so the Prophet said, "Free her, for verily she is a true believer." [Sahih Muslim (1/381) No. 537]

In the above mentioned Hadith the Prophet (saw) asked a slave girl “where is Allah?” and we are not allowed to assume the Prophet (saw) did bida'h by asking the question. The reason why the mushrikeen don't like to be asked “where is Allah?” is because they claim Allah is everywhere. None of the four great Imams believed Allah is everywhere.

Abu Haneefah (rh) said, when asked of his opinion of the one who says, ‘I do not know whether Allah is above the heavens or on the earth.’ - “He has disbelieved, because Allah says, “The Most Merciful rose above the Throne,” and His Throne is above His seven heavens.’ He was then asked , ‘what if he said that Allah is above His Throne but he does not know whether the Throne is in the heavens or on the earth?’ He said, ‘He has disbelieved, because He has denied that He is above the heavens, And whosoever denied that He is above the heavens has disbelieved.” (‘Sharh Usul I’tiqaad Ahlus Sunnah’ of al-Laalikaaee (d.414AH), ‘al-Uluww’ of adh- Dhahabee, also ‘Sharh Aqueedah at-Tahaawiyyah’ of ibn Abee al-Izz al-Hanafee)

The Maliki Sufis are liars as well because they claim to follow Imam Malik. But when we compare their ideology to the beliefs of Imam Malik, we can safely conclude that they do not follow Imam Malik. The Maliki Sufis preach that Allah is everywhere, and according to the following fatwa of Imam Malik, he was innocent of such zandaqa [heresy].

Ja'far Ibn Abdullah narrated: We were with Malik Ibn Anas when a man came to him and said: “O Abu Abdullah (Allah said) 'Ar-Rahman upon the Throne Istawa' (20:5), how was His Istiwa? Imam Malik inclined his head and was silent until the sweat of fever covered his brow, then he looked up and said: "Istiwa is not unknown, the Kayf (how) is uncomprehendable, believing in it is wajib (obligatory), and asking about it is bid'ah (innovation), and I do not think that you are anything but an innovator." Then he ordered that the man be expelled. [Abu-Naeem Al-Asbahani in 'Hilyatul-Awliya wa Tabaqat Al-Asfiya' (Vol. 6, pg. 325-326)]

Imam Ahmad: (RA)He was asked: "Is Allah above His 'Arsh, above the seventh heaven, separate from His creatures, and is His knowledge and power encompassing everything everywhere?" He replied: "Certainly, He is above His 'Arsh and nothing escapes His knowledge." [Al-Juyush al-Islamiyyah, Ibn al-Qayyim, p. 123] All of the above show that the entire Muslim 'Ummah, in the past and present, is in unison regarding the belief in the Loftiness and Supremacy of Allah, the Exalted.

As for the Berailvis you are a liar with your claim to follow abu Hanifa because you believe Allah is everywhere and Abu Hanifa use to make takfir on people with such a belief.

WHY DO THE SUFIS INSIST THAT ALLAH IS EVERYWHERE?

The Sufis refuse to believe that Allah is above the arsh and they insist that Allah is everywhere in person. This ideology is farfetchedness because Allah is not in unholy places like the toilet and the brothel. However, Allah sees everywhere.

The Sufis claim if we believe Allah is above the arsh, we are restricting Allah. And it is wrong to put a limit on Allah. The reason why the Sufis insist that Allah is everywhere is because they use this ideology to promote their belief in wahdatul wujood, Union.

The spiritual father of Wahhabism is Ibn Taymiyyah. Therefore, you shouldn't be surprised that his books are banned in Egypt and Jordan because the Islamic State take all their aqeeda from Ibn Taymiyyah and Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab. They even banned the books of Bin Baaz and Uthaymeen because they also take their aqeeda from Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab.

The other principle of the Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab movement is that they rely on Hadith revelation, not reason. The hypocrites rely on reason, not revelation because they want to make up their own religion called Hislam, not Islam. The following three Quranic verses refute the stance of the Parvezis [Hadith rejectors]:

Say (O Muhammad SAW to mankind) : "If you (really) love Allah then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Qur'an and the Sunnah), Allah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (Aali Imran 3:31)

And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) gives you, take it, and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it), and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Severe in punishment. (Al-Hashr 59:7)

And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad SAW) the reminder and the advice (the Qur'an), that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought. (An-Nahl 16:44)

One of the main principles of the Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab movement is the takfir of Shias and extreme Sufis. They call the followers of this movement "tafiris". The word takfir means to pronounce a Muslim an infidel. It is also translated as excommunicate. As Muslims, we have no choice but to make takfir on the Shia because their creed is zandaqa, heresy. For example, they accuse Ayesha, the wife of the Prophet (saw) of having an affair. The following extract from the Shia holy book is our evidence that they accuse Ayesha of having an affair.

SHIA HUJJAH: The Shia believe that at the time of Mahdi’s return Imam Mahdi will resurrect Aisha (Prophet Mohammad’s wife) and execute the law of Hudud on her, for committing Zina (adultery) during her marriage. (Al-Anwar Al-Numaniyah, vol. 1, p. 161, Tafsir al-Shafi, vol. 2, p. 108, Haq al-Yaqeen, vol. 2, p. 256, Hayat al-Qulub, vol. 2, p. 611)

Allah ta alla has informed the Ummah of Muhammad (saw) that Ayesha didn't have an affair and when the hypocrites of Madina accused her of adultery, it was an ifk, a big lie. Hence, Allah said:

Verily! Those who brought forth the ifk, slander against 'Aishah the wife of the Prophet (SAW) are a group among you. Consider it not a bad thing for you. Nay, it is good for you. Unto every man among them will be paid that which he had earned of the sin, and as for him among them who had the greater share therein, his will be a great torment. (An-Nur 24:11)

We have no choice but to make takfir on the Shias because they elevate their imams are above the Angels and the Prophet (saw).

SHIA HUJJAH: It is a fundamental principle of faith that our (Shia) Imams have ranks higher than the ranks of angels & God's prophets. (Khomeini's book, Hukuma Islamiya, p. 52)

Additionally, they claim the Quran is corrupted. By saying this they are saying Allah broke His promise to protect the Quran.

SHIA HUJJAH: The present Quran is in an altered, corrupted and distorted form.. (Fatuhat-e-Shia, p. 129)

In the following Ayahs Allah ta alla has promised mankind that he shall protect the Quran from corruption and human interference

Verily We: It is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Qur'an) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption). (Al-Hijr 15:9)

Falsehood cannot come to it from before it or behind it (it is) sent down by the All-Wise, Worthy of all praise (Allah). (Fussilat 41:42)

They also claim Allah is a liar and makes mistakes.

SHIA HUJJAH: “Allah often lies and does mistakes” [Usool-al-Kafi, page 328, Yacoob Kulayni, Vol. 1]

As for the extreme Sufis who we make takfir on, they claim that the Prophet Muhammad (saw) was nur and not a human. This creed contradicts the following Quranic verse:

Say (O Muhammad SAW) : "I am only a man like you. It has been inspired to me that your Ilah (God) is One Ilah (God i.e. Allah). So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord." (Al-Kahf 18:110)

The above mentioned Quranic verse states that Muhammad (saw) was a human just like us. He was born as a result of marriage, he ate food and drank, he suffered hunger and thirst, he had emotions of joy and sorrow, he cried when he was hurt like all other humans. The following Hadiths explain further:

Abu Talhah (RA) narrated: We complained to Allah’s Messenger (SAW) about our hunger and raising from our stomach (the garment) bared the stone each of us had tied to it. He showed that he had two stones (tied to his stomach.) [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/585) No. 2371, Bayhaqi in ‘Shu'ab al Emaan’ (13/54) No. 9943]

Narrated By Anas bin Malik: We went with Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) to the blacksmith Abu Saif, and he was the husband of the wet-nurse of Ibrahim (the son of the Prophet). Allah's Apostle took Ibrahim and kissed him and smelled him and later we entered Abu Saif's house and at that time Ibrahim was in his last breaths, and the eyes of Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) started shedding tears. 'Abdur Rahman bin 'Auf said, "O Allah's Apostle, even you are weeping!" He said, "O Ibn 'Auf, this is mercy." Then he wept more and said, "The eyes are shedding tears and the heart is grieved, and we will not say except what pleases our Lord, O Ibrahim ! Indeed we are grieved by your separation." [Sahih Bukhari (2/83) No. 1303]

The other difference we have with the extreme Sufis is their claim that the Prophet Muhammad (saw) is ever living; hence, he is still alive in the grave so we are allowed to pray to him and beg him for what we want. We, the members of ahlas sunnah wal jamaa'ah, have evidences from Quran and Sunnah that the Prophet Muhammad (saw) has passed away. Hence, Allah said:

Everyone shall taste death. And only on the Day of Resurrection shall you be paid your wages in full. And whoever is removed away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise, he indeed is successful. The life of this world is only the enjoyment of deception (a deceiving thing). (Aali Imran 3:185)

Verily, you (O Muhammad SAW) will die and verily, they (too) will die. (Az-Zumar 39:30)

By you claiming Muhammad is still alive, you have gone agains the Quran and the sahabas who said he was dead

"Wheresoever you may be, death will overtake you even if you are in fortresses built up strong and high!" (An-Nisa 4:78)
When the Prophet (saw) passed away in Madina, the Muslims were devastated. So Abu Bakr Saddiq addressed the crowd by saying:

if anyone amongst you used to worship Muhammad , then Muhammad is dead, but if (anyone of) you used to worship Allah, then Allah is Alive and shall never die. [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 5, Book 59, Hadith #733]

When Abu Bakr Saddiq mad the pronouncement that the Prophet (saw) was dead, none of the sahabas objected to his statement. Therefore, this means there was ijma among the sahabas that the Prophet (saw) had passed away. Hence, when the Sufis claim that the Prophet (saw) is still alive and did not die, they are guilty of going against Quran and Sunnah and the ijma of the sahabas. To go against the ijma of the sahabas is major kufr.

The extreme Sufis also claim Muhammad (saw) has all of his faculties in the grave and he is fully aware with the fiqhul waqi of the Ummah (current affairs). The following Hadith refutes their false claim:

Abu Huraira narrated that the Prophet said, "On the Day of Resurrection a group of companions will come to me, but will be driven away from the Lake-Fount, and I will say, 'O Lord (those are) my companions!' It will be said, 'You have no knowledge as to what they innovated after you left; they turned apostate as renegades (reverted from Islam)." [Sahih Bukhari (8/120) No. 6585]

If the Prophet Muhammad (saw) has all of his faculties in the grave, why is it that he is not aware that some of his sahabas apostated after his death?

Another difference we have with the extreme Sufis is the issue of tawassul. The Arabic word “tawassul” means to seek a means to draw near to Allah. We, the members of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa'ah practice tawassul with pious deeds by calling upon Allah with his 99 names and attributes or with the dua of a pious person. However, the extreme Sufis practice tawassul by saying "O Allah forgive me of my sins because of the greatness of Muhammad". They also quote the following fabricated Hadith as their hujjah:

When Adam sinned, Allah told him to seek forgiveness in the name of Muhammad, then Allah said to him: Had it not been for Muhammad I wouldn’t create the heavens and the earth. I Allah created the heavens and the earth for the sake of Muhammad." O Adam, I have forgiven you, and were it not for Muhammad I would not have created you." It was transmitted through many chains and was cited by Bayhaqi (in Dala'il al-nubuwwa), Abu Nu'aym (in Dala'il al-nubuwwa), al-Hakim in al-Mustadrak (2:615), al-Tabarani in his Saghir (2:82, 207) [this hadith is fabricated]

Another difference we have with the extreme Sufis is praying to the inhabitants of the grave and asking them to fulfill their needs. The following Ayahs refute their pagan doctrine.

Surely, the religion (i.e. the worship and the obedience) is for Allah only. And those who take Auliya' (protectors and helpers) besides Him (say) : "We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allah." Verily, Allah will judge between them concerning that wherein they differ. Truly, Allah guides not him who is a liar, and a disbeliever. (Az-Zumar 39:3)

If you invoke (or call upon) them, they hear not your call, and if (in case) they were to hear, they could not grant it (your request) to you. And on the Day of Resurrection, they will disown your worshipping them. And none can inform you (O Muhammad SAW) like Him Who is the All ­Knower (of each and everything). (Fatir 35:14)

It is haram for us to pray to the graves because the inhabitants in the graves cannot hear us. And even if they hear, they cannot grant us our request. Moreover, the Prophet (saw) told us in the following Hadith that the grave is an idol that people worship. Hence, those who pray to the graves are kuffar and idol worshippers.

Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from Ata ibn Yasar that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "O Allah! Do not make my grave an idol that is worshipped. The anger on those who took the graves of their Prophets as places of prostration was terrible." [Muwatta Malik (1/223) No. 570, Musannaf Abdur Razzaq (1/406) No. 1587, Musnad Ahmad (2/246) No. 7352]

When you pray to the grave, you are an idol worshipper like the Buddhist and Hindu. The Prophet Muhammad (saw) told his cousin Ali to demolish all structures that are built over graves. So when Shariah comes to a land, all Sufi monuments that are built over graves have to be demolished. The following Hadith explains further:

Abu'l-Hayyaj al-Asadi told that 'Ali (b. Abu Talib) said to him: Should I not send you on the same mission as Allah’s Messenger () sent me? Do not leave an image without obliterating it, or a high grave without levelling It. This hadith has been reported by Habib with the same chain of transmitters and he said: (Do not leave) a picture without obliterating it. Sahih Muslim: Book 4, Hadith 2115

The following Hadith is used by the scholars to refute the extreme Sufis who claim that it is permissible to go to the grave of the Prophet in times of hardship and pray to him and ask him to remove our suffering:

Narrated By Anas: Whenever drought threatened them, 'Umar bin Al-Khattab, used to ask Al-Abbas bin 'Abdul Muttalib to invoke Allah for rain. He used to say, "O Allah! We used to ask our Prophet to invoke You for rain, and You would bless us with rain, and now we ask his uncle to invoke You for rain. O Allah ! Bless us with rain." And so it would rain. [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 2, Book 17, Hadith #123]

If it were permissible for Muslims to go to the grave of the Prophet (saw) in times of hardship to pray to him and ask him to relieve them from their sufferings, Umar would have gone to the grave of the Prophet (saw) when he suffered a severe drought during his Caliphate.

It is haram for a Muslim to pray in a masjid where a grave is inside of it. Some students of knowledge asked a panel of scholars about the status of a masjid that has a grave inside of it. Below is the question of the students and the fatwa of the scholars.

Is it correct to pray in mosques in which there are graves?

Praise be to Allaah.

Prayers should not be offered in mosques in which there are graves. The graves should be dug up and the remains transferred to the public graveyards, with each set of remains placed in an individual grave as with all other graves. It is not permissible for graves to be left in mosques, whether that is the grave of a wali (“saint”) or of anyone else, because the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade that and warned against that, and he cursed the Jews and Christians for doing that. It was narrated that he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

May Allah curse the Jews and the Christians, for they took the graves of their Prophets as places of worship.” ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said, “He was warning against what they had done.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1330, Muslim, 529.

And when Umm Salamah and Umm Habeebah told him about a church in which there were images, he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When a righteous man died among them, they would build a place of worship over his grave and put those images in it. They are the most evil of mankind before Allaah.” (Saheeh, agreed upon. Al-Bukhaari, 427; Muslim, 528

The other special characteristic of the Hanbali madhab and the movement of Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab is making takfir on Muslims who abandon salah. The Hanbalis use the following evidences from Quran and Sunnah to make takfir on lazy Muslims who abandon salah:

But if they repent, perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat, then they are your brethren in religion. (In this way) We explain the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for a people who know. (At-Tawbah 9:11)

In the above Ayah Allah laid down three conditions for us to accept new reverts into the fold of Islam. These conditions are tawbah from kufr, salah and zakah. If these three conditions are not met, we cannot accept them as our brothers in deen. The following three Hadiths explain further that we need to pray to be Muslims:

Jabir (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “Between a man (Muslim) and shirk and disbelief lies neglect of salah.” [Sahih Muslim (1/88) No. 82, Sunan Tirmidhi (5/13) No. 2620, Sunan Abu Dawud (4/219) No. 4678, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/181) No. 1078, Sunan An-Nasa'i (1/232) No. 463, Musnad Ahmad (3/370) No. 15021]

Buraidah reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, "The pact between us and them is prayer. Whoever abandons it is a disbeliever." [Musnad Ahmad (5/346) No. 22987, Sunan al-Nasa'i (1/231) No. 463, Sunan Tirmidhi (5/13-14) No. 2621, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/181) No. 1079]

Abdullah ibn Shaqiq Uqayli (RA) reported, saying “The companions of Muhummad (SAW) did not regard neglect of any of the deeds as disbelief as they did (neglect) of Salah." [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/14) No. 2622 and Mustadrak al-Haakim (1/48) No. 12 who said it met the conditions of al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Another issue we have with the Sufis is the wearing of amulets for protection. We, the members of Ahlas Sunna wal Jamaa'ah, consider this to be shirk. The following Hadiths explain further:

Whoever wears an amulet has committed shirk.” [Musnad Ahmad (4/156) No. 17458 and Mustadrak al-Haakim (4/243) No. 7513]

It was narrated that ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “Whoever wears an amulet, may Allaah not fulfil his need, and whoever wears a sea-shell, may Allaah not give him peace.” (Narrated by Ahmad, 16951)

A Muslim who wants to be protected by the Holy Quran has to recite it. As for wearing the Quran for protection, this is a bid'ah and no sahaba did such an action.

Another characteristic of the movement of Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab is making takfir on those leaders who dismantle the shariah. Hence, their enemies label them as wahhabis and takfiris. The following are some important fatawa of the classical scholars making takfir on the leaders who dislodge the sharia:

Ibn Taymiyyah (rh) said: “And it is known from the religion (of Islam) by necessity and by the consensus of all Muslims that whoever legalizes to follow other than the religion of Islam or a Shariah other than the Shariah of Muhammad (SAW), he is a Kaafir. And his kufr is similar to that of the one who believes in some part of the book (Quran) and reject some of it.” [Majmua al-Fataawa (28/524)]

Ibn Katheer (rh) said: “Thus, it has become in his sons a followed law to which they have been giving precedence over ruling by the book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (SAW). Whoever does this is a Kaafir who must be fought until he returns to the rule of Allah and His Messenger. So no one other than He should rule neither minorly or majorly." [Tafseer Ibn Katheer (3/131)]

While 'Allama al-Shinqiti-May Allah be merciful with him-has said: To commit shirk with Allah in judging is of the same meaning as to commit shirk in His worship, there is no difference between the two in any manner. There is no difference in any sense between he who follows a system (nizam) other than Allah's system or law other than Allah's law (sharia) and he who worships an idol or prostrates to a false god. They are the same and both are polytheists [associating others] with Allah. [Adwa' al-Bayan, (7/162)]

Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-'Uthaymeen said: "The first type is when the Hukm of Allah is removed and replaced with another Taghuutee Hukm, so that the Hukm of the Shari'ah is eliminated between the people and he puts in its place another Hukm from the fabrication of the humans and they remove the laws of the Shari'ah concerning the Mu'amalah (i. e. the general actions between people) and they put in its place fabricated laws and this, without doubt, is Istib'daal (i. e. replacement) of the Shari'ah of Allah subhaanahuu wa-ta'ala, with other than it. And this is Kufr which removes one from the Milla because this person put himself at the level of the Creator because he shara'a (legislated) for the slaves of Allah that which Allah ta'ala did not give permission for and that is Shirk in His, ta'ala's saying: "Or have they partners with Allâh (false gods), who have instituted for them a religion, which Allâh has not allowed?" (Ash-Shu'ara, 21) – "Fiqh Al-'Ebaadaat", #60

Shaikh 'Abdul-'Azeez Ibn 'Abdullah Ibn Baaz said: "There is no Eeman for the one who believes the laws of the people and their opinions are superior to the Hukm of Allah and His Messenger or that they are equal to it or that they resemble it or who leaves it or replaces it with fabricated laws and institutions invented by people, even if he believes that the laws of Allah are more encompassing and more just." [Wujoob Tah'keem Shari'ah Allah' (pg. 16-17)]

Another difference of opinion the Hanbalis have with the Sufis is the practice of visiting monuments and graves as pilgrims. The Sufis go in thousands all over the world to visit monuments and graves and use these cites as legitimate places for pilgrims. The Hanbalis are of the view that only three masaajid are legitimate places for pilgrimage because of the following Hadith:

Narrated Abu Huraira:The Prophet () said, "Do not set out on a journey except to three Masaajid i.e. Al-Masjid-AI-Haram, the Masjid of Allah’s Messenger () , and the Masjid of Al-Aqsa, (Masjid of Jerusalem)." Sahih al-Bukhari : Vol. 2, Book 21, Hadith 281

It is worthy of mentioning that one salah in Al Masjid Al Haram in Makkah is equal to 100,000 salah. And one salah in the Prophet's Masjid at Madinah is equal to 1000 salah. And one salah in Masjid of Al-Aqsa at Jerusalem is equal to 500 salah.

Another characteristic of the Hanbali madhab is that whenever the Prophet (saw) gives an order, it means fard, mandatory. Some Muslims, like the Mu'tazila, claim that a commandment from the Prophet (saw) means the act is recommended and not fard. We use the following Hadith to refute their claim:

Narrated Ibn `Abbas: Barira’s husband was a slave called Mughith, as if I am seeing him now, going behind Barira and weeping with his tears flowing down his beard. The Prophet () said to `Abbas, "O `Abbas ! are you not astonished at the love of Mughith for Barira and the hatred of Barira for Mughith?" The Prophet () then said to Barira, "Why don't you return to him?" She said, "O Allah's Messenger ()! Do you order me to do so?" He said, "No, I only intercede for him." She said, “I am not in need of him.” BUKHARI: Vol. 7, Book 63, Hadith 206

Barira was a slave who earned her freedom while her husband remained a slave. She was given a choice to stay with him or move on to marry a man of her new status. Her husband, Mughith, was crying and begging her to stay with him. The Prophet (saw) suggested she stay with him because of his love for her. She said to the Prophet (saw) “Are you commanding me?” The Holy Prophet (saw) said “No, I am only interceding on his behalf”. Upon hearing this, Barira said “I am not in need of him.” and moved on with her life.

The Hanbalis said the female sahabia knew that if it was a command from the Prophet (saw) she would be obliged to stay with him because a command from the Prophet means the act becomes mandatory.

Another incident that makes the Hanbali madhab unique is the incident of a man asking the Prophet (saw) about making wudu after eating camel meat.

Bara bin Aazib (RA) said that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) was asked about making ablution after eating camel flesh. He said, “Make ablution after that”. Then he was asked about mutton. He said, “It is not necessary after that.” [Sunan Dawud (1/47) No. 184, Sunan Tirmidhi (1/122) No. 81, Sunan Ibn Majah (1/311) No. 494, Musnad Ahmad (4/303) No 18725]

In the Hanbali madhab camel meat breaks wudu because the Prophet (saw) said yes when the man asked shall I make wudu after eating camel meat. In their view, yes is a command and the action is fard. However, the other schools of thought believe that to make wudu after eating camel meat is recommended and not fard. The correct view on this issue, is the stance of the Hanbalis because a command of the Prophet means the action becomes fard.

Another difference of opinion between the Hanbalis and the Sufis is the concept that Allah descends every night to the skys of the earth. The Hanbalis believe that Allah descends, while the Sufis believe that an angel descends on behalf of Allah. The following Hadith explains further:

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (RA), who said that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Our Lord (glorified and exalted be He) descends each night to the earth's sky when there remains the final third of the night, and He says: 'Who is saying a prayer to Me that I may answer it? Who is asking something of Me that I may give it him? Who is asking forgiveness of Me that I may forgive him?'" [al-Bukhari (7494) (also by Muslim (758, Malik (619), at-Tirmidhi (3498 and Abu Dawud (1315)]

Because of the above mentioned Hadith, the Hanbalis believe that Allah descends because an angel doesn't have the power to forgive us of our sins. In the Hadith, Allah ask “Who is seeking forgiveness so that I can forgive him?”. If you are asked by a Sufi how does Allah descend, the answer is: He descends in a way that befits his dignity and majesty.

Another difference of opinion the Hanbalis have with the Sufis is the concept of seeing Allah on the Day of Resurrection. The Sufis claim that it is impossible to see Allah because Allah said to MusaLan taranee”, you will never see Me (Al-A'raf 7:143).

We, the Hanbalis believe that we cannot see Allah in the dunya like Allah said in the above Ayah, however, we will see Allah in the hereafter and we have evidences from Quran and Sunnah to prove this fact. Hence, Allah said:

There they will have all that they desire, and We have more (for them, i.e. a glance at the All-Mighty, All-Majestic). (Qaf 50:35)

Some faces that Day shall be Nadirah (shining and radiant). Looking at their Lord (Allah); (Al-Qiyamah 75:22-23)

Narrated By Abu Huraira: The people said, "O Allah's Apostle! Shall we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?" He replied, "Do you have any doubt in seeing the full moon on a clear (not cloudy) night?" They replied, "No, O Allah's Apostle!" He said, "Do you have any doubt in seeing the sun when there are no clouds?" They replied in the negative. He said, “You will see Allah (your Lord) in the same way. [al-Bukhari (770) and Muslim (352)]

QUESTION AND ANSWER

Q: asalam alekum shaikh why did the followers of muhammad ibn abdul wahab fight against the ottoman caliphate, did they see it as legitimate if they were not why did they fight against them?

The Caliphate of the Ottoman Empire became corrupted with Sufism. And with Sufism they abandoned al wala al bara. Every Caliphate will crumble the moment they get involved with Sufism or irja because these two groups are a cancer in the body of the Ummah.

Q: which translation of fiqh Al Akbar is good to read

It is always best to read a translation which is approved by the Ulama of Najd. This is so because a translation which is done by the Sufis would be embellished. Hence, you are not allowed to trust their translation. Sufis are known to embellish the works of the classical scholars by adding a lot of weak and fabricated Hadiths to their writings. They did exactly this to the work of Imam Dahabi. Imam Dahabi wrote a book called al Kabaa'ir i.e. The Major Sins, 80% of the Hadiths in this book were added by the Sufis and they are either weak or fabricated.

Q: what kind of hujjah can be provided for those who say aqeedah is nor important and tawheed is bidah because the word aqeedah is not found in the Quran.

The people who say aqeeda is not important, we say to them fear Allah and stop misguiding unsuspecting Muslims and we remind them that the Prophet (saw) spent 13 years in Makkah teaching his sahabas aqeeda alone. Also, we remind them that the Prophet told Mu'adh ibn Jabbar, when he sent him to Yemen, that he should begin his dawah with the tawheed of Allah.


Narrated By Ibn Abbas: When the Prophet sent Muadh to Yemen, he said to him, "You are going to a nation from the people of the Scripture, so let the first thing to which you will invite them, be the Tauhid of Allah. If they learn that, tell them that Allah has enjoined on them, five prayers to be offered in one day and one night. And if they pray, tell them that Allah has enjoined on them Zakat of their properties and it is to be taken from the rich among them and given to the poor. And if they agree to that, then take from them Zakat but avoid the best property of the people." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 9, Book 93, Hadith #469] BukharI (9/98 Hadith: 7372)