Thursday, July 13, 2017

Musa & al-Khidr (Notes & Audio)

Musa and al-Khidr
by Shaikh Faisal


July 12, 2017 



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  • Allahﷻ has told many stories in the Quran.
  • One of the stories of the Quran is the biography of Musa (AS).
  • The story of Musa (AS) & Al-Khidr (AS) is just one chapter of the many chapters of Musa (AS) in the Quran.
  • To the extent, that the scholars say that the Quran speaks so frequently of Musa (AS) that it's mainly about him.
  • The story of Musa (AS) in the Quran starts from when his mother put him in a basket in the river where he ends up as an adopted child in the palace of Firawn (Pharaoh) to his exile from Egypt because he killed a man.
  • Therefore, the stories of Musa (AS) in the Quran are very important because they contain lessons in history, psychology, sociology and many other sciences.
  • One day, Musa (AS) delivered a sermon to Bani Israel and it was so emotional and moving to them that a man asked him if there was anyone more knowledgeable than Musa (AS). He replied in the negative.
  • Musa (AS) thought that he was the most knowledgeable man at the time because Allahﷻ blessed him with the Torah and many miracles to combat Firawn.
  • Allahﷻ corrected Musa (AS) and told him that there was another man more knowledgeable than him.
  • Musa (AS) was surprised that there was someone more knowledgeable and asked Allahﷻ who that person was.
  • Allahﷻ told Musa that the man was Al-Khidr (AS).
  • Al-Khidr in Arabic means ‘The Green One.’
  • Al-Khidr (AS) was nicknamed that by the people because he sat on a barren land and it then became green and fertile.
  • Allahﷻ told Musa (AS) that he can find Al-Khidr (AS) where the 2 seas meet.
  • Be careful with some scholars because they wrongfully translate the 2 seas with 2 rivers.
  • The place where the 2 seas meet, and not 2 rivers, is somewhere in Turkey.

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:60

وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَىٰ لِفَتَاهُ لَا أَبْرَحُ حَتَّىٰ أَبْلُغَ مَجْمَعَ الْبَحْرَيْنِ أَوْ أَمْضِيَ حُقُبًا
And (remember) when Musa (Moses) said to his boy-servant: "I will not give up (travelling) until I reach the junction of the two seas or (until) I spend years and years in travelling." (Al-Kahf 18:60)

  • Musa (AS) asked Allahﷻ how would he know where to find him exactly. Allahﷻ told Musa (AS) to take a cooked fish with him and when the fish comes to life, jumps out of the basket and swims into the sea, that's where Al-Khidr (AS) will be found.
  • Musa (AS) was determined to find Al-Khidr (AS) and wouldn't quit until he met him.
  • The servant boy that was with Musa (AS) was Joshua. He became a student of Musa (AS) and acquired a lot of knowledge from him. When Musa passed away, he inherited from Musa(AS) and became the leader. He ended up conquering Jerusalem.
  • This example is similar to Muhammadﷺ because they both had successors who conquered Jerusalem.

OTHER EXAMPLES OF SIMILIARITY BASED ON THE BIBLICAL PASSAGE IN DUETERONOMY, OF MUSA (AS) & MUHAMMADﷺ:

  • Both were conceived from intimate parents.
  • Both established a state.
  • Both were accepted by their people.
  • Both died naturally.
  • Both were victorious over their enemies.

  • These similarities contradict the doctrine of the Christians who claim that the prophet mentioned in the bible is Jesus (AS).

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:60

وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَىٰ لِفَتَاهُ لَا أَبْرَحُ حَتَّىٰ أَبْلُغَ مَجْمَعَ الْبَحْرَيْنِ أَوْ أَمْضِيَ حُقُبًا
And (remember) when Musa (Moses) said to his boy-servant: "I will not give up (travelling) until I reach the junction of the two seas or (until) I spend years and years in travelling." (Al-Kahf 18:60)

  • Some scholars say that Musa (AS) spent 80 years searching for Al-Khidr (AS).
  • Seeking knowledge is a religious requirement.
  • However, to some people, seeking knowledge is a burden.

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:61

فَلَمَّا بَلَغَا مَجْمَعَ بَيْنِهِمَا نَسِيَا حُوتَهُمَا فَاتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ سَرَبًا
But when they reached the junction of the two seas, they forgot their fish, and it took its way through the sea as in a tunnel. (Al-Kahf 18:61)

  • When the servant boy saw the fish come back to life, Musa (AS) was sleeping.
  • He forgot to tell Musa (AS) about the incident.

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:62

فَلَمَّا جَاوَزَا قَالَ لِفَتَاهُ آتِنَا غَدَاءَنَا لَقَدْ لَقِينَا مِن سَفَرِنَا هَٰذَا نَصَبًا
So when they had passed further on (beyond that fixed place), Musa (Moses) said to his boy-servant: "Bring us our morning meal; truly, we have suffered much fatigue in this, our journey." (Al-Kahf 18:62)

  • They continued on their journey until they became tired. Musa(AS) told the servant boy to prepare the fish so they can eat.
  • That's when the servant boy remembered what happened with the fish.

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:63

قَالَ أَرَأَيْتَ إِذْ أَوَيْنَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِنِّي نَسِيتُ الْحُوتَ وَمَا أَنسَانِيهُ إِلَّا الشَّيْطَانُ أَنْ أَذْكُرَهُ وَاتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ عَجَبًا
He said:"Do you remember when we betook ourselves to the rock? I indeed forgot the fish, none but Shaitan (Satan) made me forget to remember it. It took its course into the sea in a strange (way)!" (Al-Kahf 18:63)

  • A ‘strange way’ means in a very fast way.
  • This proves that prophets are humans like everyone else because they suffer fatigue, joy, sadness and all the other elements as normal human beings do.
  • Musa (AS) didn't get angry at the servant boy because this was the miracle he was anticipating.
  • So they went back retracing their steps.

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:64

قَالَ ذَٰلِكَ مَا كُنَّا نَبْغِ فَارْتَدَّا عَلَىٰ آثَارِهِمَا قَصَصًا
[Musa (Moses)] said: "That is what we have been seeking." So they went back retracing their footsteps. (Al-Kahf 18:64)

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:65

فَوَجَدَا عَبْدًا مِّنْ عِبَادِنَا آتَيْنَاهُ رَحْمَةً مِّنْ عِندِنَا وَعَلَّمْنَاهُ مِن لَّدُنَّا عِلْمًا
Then they found one of Our slaves, unto whom We had bestowed mercy from Us, and whom We had taught knowledge from Us. (Al-Kahf 18:65)

  • The person mentioned in this ayah is Al-Khidr (AS).
  • Some scholars say that Al-Khidr (AS) was wearing a hood over his head.
  • Musa (AS) asked if they could follow him and teach him the knowledge that Allahﷻ has taught him. This shows the humility of Musa (AS).

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:66

قَالَ لَهُ مُوسَىٰ هَلْ أَتَّبِعُكَ عَلَىٰ أَن تُعَلِّمَنِ مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رُشْدًا
Musa (Moses) said to him (Khidr) "May I follow you so that you teach me something of that knowledge (guidance and true path) which you have been taught (by Allah)?" (Al-Kahf 18:66)

  • Seekers of knowledge cannot be arrogant and proud.

HADITH

Mujaahid (RH) said:
“The shy person and the arrogant one will not learn the knowledge.”
[Reported by Bukhaaree in Kitaabul-Ilm]

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:67

قَالَ إِنَّكَ لَن تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا
He (Khidr) said: "Verily! You will not be able to have patience with me! (Al-Kahf 18:67)

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:68

وَكَيْفَ تَصْبِرُ عَلَىٰ مَا لَمْ تُحِطْ بِهِ خُبْرًا
"And how can you have patience about a thing which you know not?" (Al-Kahf 18:68)

  • Al-Khidr (AS) told Musa (AS) that he won't be patient with him because his Shariah is based on the Ghayb (The Unseen).
  • This shows that Al-Khidr (AS) had Firasa (intuition).

HADITH

Anas ibn Malik (RA) said:
I entered the company of Uthman ibn Affaan (RA) while I was thinking about the beauty of a woman I saw in the street. Uthman (RA) then said: One of you enter my presence and the remnants of zinaa can be seen in his eyes. I then said: Did revelation come down after the departure of the Rasoolﷺ? Uthman (RA) said: But this is the deep insight, foresight and intuition of the believer.
[Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah, Madaarij as-Saalikeen (Vol. 2, pg. 455)]

ANOTHER HADITH

Abu Sa’eed Khudri (RA) reported that Allah’s Messengerﷺ said: ‘Guard yourself against a Believer’s insight, for, he sees with the light of Allahﷻ.” He then recited: Surely in that are signs for the sagacious. (15:75)
[Sunan Tirmidhi (Vol. 5, pg. 298) No. 3127]

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:69

قَالَ سَتَجِدُنِي إِن شَاءَ اللهُ صَابِرًا وَلَا أَعْصِي لَكَ أَمْرًا
Musa (Moses) said: "If Allah will, you will find me patient, and I will not disobey you in aught." (Al-Kahf 18:69)

  • Al-Khidr (AS) agreed to have Musa (AS) embark with him on his mission under the condition that he is patient and doesn't question him.

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:70

قَالَ فَإِنِ اتَّبَعْتَنِي فَلَا تَسْأَلْنِي عَن شَيْءٍ حَتَّىٰ أُحْدِثَ لَكَ مِنْهُ ذِكْرًا
He (Khidr) said: "Then, if you follow me, ask me not about anything till I myself mention it to you." (Al-Kahf 18:70)

  • The first mission was they boarded a ship and the people didn't charge them a fee because people knew who Al-Khidr (AS) was. Then Al-Khidr (AS) punctured the ship and Musa (AS) questioned him for his action.

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:71

فَانطَلَقَا حَتَّىٰ إِذَا رَكِبَا فِي السَّفِينَةِ خَرَقَهَا قَالَ أَخَرَقْتَهَا لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا إِمْرًا
So they both proceeded, till, when they embarked the ship, he (Khidr) scuttled it. Musa (Moses) said: "Have you scuttled it in order to drown its people? Verily, you have committed a thing "Imra" (a Munkar evil, bad, dreadful thing)." (Al-Kahf 18:71)

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:72

قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ إِنَّكَ لَن تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا
He (Khidr) said: "Did I not tell you, that you would not be able to have patience with me?" (Al-Kahf 18:72)

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:73

قَالَ لَا تُؤَاخِذْنِي بِمَا نَسِيتُ وَلَا تُرْهِقْنِي مِنْ أَمْرِي عُسْرًا
[Musa (Moses)] said: "Call me not to account for what I forgot, and be not hard upon me for my affair (with you)." (Al-Kahf 18:73)

  • The word ‘insaan’ means a man or a person.
  • However, it also means ‘the one who is forgetful’.

HADITH

Ibn Abi Hatim (RA) recorded that Ibn Abbas (RA) said:
"Verily, man was named Insan only because he was given a covenant, but he forgot it (Nasiya).''

  • The 2nd mission is when they came upon a boy who was playing and Al-Khidr (AS) killed him.
  • Musa (AS) questioned him again.

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:74

فَانطَلَقَا حَتَّىٰ إِذَا لَقِيَا غُلَامًا فَقَتَلَهُ قَالَ أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَكِيَّةً بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ لَّقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا نُّكْرًا
Then they both proceeded, till they met a boy, he (Khidr) killed him. Musa (Moses) said: "Have you killed an innocent person who had killed none? Verily, you have committed a thing "Nukra" (a great Munkar prohibited, evil, dreadful thing)!" (Al-Kahf 18:74)

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:75

قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُل لَّكَ إِنَّكَ لَن تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا
(Khidr) said: "Did I not tell you that you can have no patience with me?" (Al-Kahf 18:75)

  • Musa (AS) questioned Al-Khidr (AS) more harshly the second time because he used the word ‘Nuqra’. This means an evil and dreadful act.
  • For the first incident, Musa (AS) used the word ‘Imra’. This means a bad thing.

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:76

قَالَ إِن سَأَلْتُكَ عَن شَيْءٍ بَعْدَهَا فَلَا تُصَاحِبْنِي قَدْ بَلَغْتَ مِن لَّدُنِّي عُذْرًا
[Musa (Moses)] said: "If I ask you anything after this, keep me not in your company, you have received an excuse from me." (Al-Kahf 18:76)

  • The 3rd mission, they came upon a town and asked for food from the people, but they refused to offer any to them.
  • These people are kuffar because people from Millat Ibrahim feed their guests.
  • They seen a damaged wall and they fixed it without charging a price. Musa (AS) questioned Al-Khidr (AS) again.

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:77

فَانطَلَقَا حَتَّىٰ إِذَا أَتَيَا أَهْلَ قَرْيَةٍ اسْتَطْعَمَا أَهْلَهَا فَأَبَوْا أَن يُضَيِّفُوهُمَا فَوَجَدَا فِيهَا جِدَارًا يُرِيدُ أَن يَنقَضَّ فَأَقَامَهُ قَالَ لَوْ شِئْتَ لَاتَّخَذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا
Then they both proceeded, till, when they came to the people of a town, they asked them for food, but they refused to entertain them. Then they found therein a wall about to collapse and he (Khidr) set it up straight. [Musa (Moses)] said: If you had wished, surely, you could have taken wages for it!" (Al-Kahf 18:77)

HADITH

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (RA), that Allah’s Messengerﷺ said:
Let him who believes in Allahﷻ and the Last Day speak good, or keep silent; and let him who believes in Allahﷻ and the Last Day be generous to his neighbour; and let him who believes in Allahﷻ and the Last Day be generous to his guest.
It was related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:78

قَالَ هَٰذَا فِرَاقُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنِكَ سَأُنَبِّئُكَ بِتَأْوِيلِ مَا لَمْ تَسْتَطِع عَّلَيْهِ صَبْرًا
(Khidr) said: "This is the parting between me and you, I will tell you the interpretation of (those) things over which you were unable to hold patience. (Al-Kahf 18:78)

  • Finally, Al-Khidr (AS) fired Musa (AS) for questioning him 3 times.

HADITH

The Prophetﷺ added:
"May Allahﷻ be Merciful to Moses (AS)! Would that he could have been more patient to learn more about his story with Al-Khadir (AS)."
Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Book 3, Hadith #124

  • Then Al-Khidr (AS) explains his actions to Musa (AS).

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:78

قَالَ هَٰذَا فِرَاقُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنِكَ سَأُنَبِّئُكَ بِتَأْوِيلِ مَا لَمْ تَسْتَطِع عَّلَيْهِ صَبْرًا
(Khidr) said: "This is the parting between me and you, I will tell you the interpretation of (those) things over which you were unable to hold patience. (Al-Kahf 18:78)

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:79

أَمَّا السَّفِينَةُ فَكَانَتْ لِمَسَاكِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ فِي الْبَحْرِ فَأَرَدتُّ أَنْ أَعِيبَهَا وَكَانَ وَرَاءَهُم مَّلِكٌ يَأْخُذُ كُلَّ سَفِينَةٍ غَصْبًا
"As for the ship, it belonged to Masakin (poor people) working in the sea. So I wished to make a defective damage in it, as there was a king after them who seized every ship by force. (Al-Kahf 18:79)

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:80

وَأَمَّا الْغُلَامُ فَكَانَ أَبَوَاهُ مُؤْمِنَيْنِ فَخَشِينَا أَن يُرْهِقَهُمَا طُغْيَانًا وَكُفْرًا
"And as for the boy, his parents were believers, and we feared lest he should oppress them by rebellion and disbelief. (Al-Kahf 18:80)

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:81

فَأَرَدْنَا أَن يُبْدِلَهُمَا رَبُّهُمَا خَيْرًا مِّنْهُ زَكَاةً وَأَقْرَبَ رُحْمًا
"So we intended that their Lord should change him for them for one better in righteousness and near to mercy. (Al-Kahf 18:81)

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:82

وَأَمَّا الْجِدَارُ فَكَانَ لِغُلَامَيْنِ يَتِيمَيْنِ فِي الْمَدِينَةِ وَكَانَ تَحْتَهُ كَنزٌ لَّهُمَا وَكَانَ أَبُوهُمَا صَالِحًا فَأَرَادَ رَبُّكَ أَن يَبْلُغَا أَشُدَّهُمَا وَيَسْتَخْرِجَا كَنزَهُمَا رَحْمَةً مِّن رَّبِّكَ وَمَا فَعَلْتُهُ عَنْ أَمْرِي ذَٰلِكَ تَأْوِيلُ مَا لَمْ تَسْطِع عَّلَيْهِ صَبْرًا
"And as for the wall, it belonged to two orphan boys in the town; and there was under it a treasure belonging to them; and their father was a righteous man, and your Lord intended that they should attain their age of full strength and take out their treasure as a mercy from your Lord. And I did it not of my own accord. That is the interpretation of those (things) over which you could not hold patience." (Al-Kahf 18:82)

  • All the stories in the Quran have lessons and this story has over 50 lessons.

LESSONS FROM THE STORY OF MUSA (AS) AND AL-KHIDR:

  1. PEOPLE ARE MOVED BY SERMONS OF SPEAKERS IF THE SPEAKER IS PIOUS & SINCERE.

  1. THE FIQH AL-WAQ’I OF OTHER LANDS IS ALWAYS UNKNOWN.
  • Musa (AS) didn't know about Al-Khidr (AS).
  • He only knew the Fiqh Al-Waq’i of his time.
  • There wasn't social media like today.

  1. A SINCERE PERSON TRAVELS VERY FAR TO SEEK KNOWLEDGE.
  • Musa (AS) was in Jerusalem and traveled to Turkey to seek knowledge.

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:60

وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَىٰ لِفَتَاهُ لَا أَبْرَحُ حَتَّىٰ أَبْلُغَ مَجْمَعَ الْبَحْرَيْنِ أَوْ أَمْضِيَ حُقُبًا
And (remember) when Musa (Moses) said to his boy-servant: "I will not give up (travelling) until I reach the junction of the two seas or (until) I spend years and years in travelling." (Al-Kahf 18:60)

HADITH

Whosoever follows a path to seek knowledge therein, Allahﷻ will make easy for him a path to Paradise.  
(Muslim)

  1. MUSLIMS BELIEVE IN MIRACLES.

  1. IT’S NOT GOOD TO TRAVEL ALONE.

HADITH

Ibn 'Umar (RA) reported:
Allah’s Messengerﷺ said: “Were people to know of what I know about the dangers of traveling alone, no rider would travel alone at night.”
[Sahih Bukhari (4/58) No. 2998]

  1. FORGETFULNESS IS FROM THE SHAYTAN AND IT’S A CURSE.

Allahﷻ said in Surah Yusef 12:42

وَقَالَ لِلَّذِي ظَنَّ أَنَّهُ نَاجٍ مِّنْهُمَا اذْكُرْنِي عِندَ رَبِّكَ فَأَنسَاهُ الشَّيْطَانُ ذِكْرَ رَبِّهِ فَلَبِثَ فِي السِّجْنِ بِضْعَ سِنِينَ
And he said to the one whom he knew to be saved: "Mention me to your lord (i.e. your king, so as to get me out of the prison)." But Shaitan (Satan) made him forget to mention it to his Lord [or Satan made [(Yusuf (Joseph)] to forget the remembrance of his Lord (Allah) as to ask for His Help, instead of others]. So [Yusuf (Joseph)] stayed in prison a few (more) years. (Yusuf 12:42)

  • Yusuf (AS) ask a man who was released from prison to mention his name to the king so he could adjudicate his case, but the man forgot.

HADITH

Narrated Ubai bin Ka'b (RA): That he heard Allah's Messengerﷺ saying:
"(The prophet) Moses (AS) said to his attendant, "Bring us our early meal' (18.62). The latter said, 'Did you remember when we betook ourselves to the rock? I indeed forgot the fish and none but Satan made me forget to remember it." (18.63) Moses (AS) did not feel tired till he had crossed the place which Allahﷻ ordered him to go to."
Sahih al-Bukhari 3278 : Vol. 4, Book 54, Hadith 498


  1. MUSA (AS) WAS VERY HUMBLE IN HIS QUEST FOR KNOWLEDGE.
  • Allahﷻ does like a proud and arrogant person.

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Kahf 18:66

قَالَ لَهُ مُوسَىٰ هَلْ أَتَّبِعُكَ عَلَىٰ أَن تُعَلِّمَنِ مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رُشْدًا
Musa (Moses) said to him (Khidr) "May I follow you so that you teach me something of that knowledge (guidance and true path) which you have been taught (by Allah)?" (Al-Kahf 18:66)

Allahﷻ said in Surah Luqman 31:18

وَلَا تُصَعِّرْ خَدَّكَ لِلنَّاسِ وَلَا تَمْشِ فِي الْأَرْضِ مَرَحًا إِنَّ اللهَ لَا يُحِبُّ كُلَّ مُخْتَالٍ فَخُورٍ
"And turn not your face away from men with pride, nor walk in insolence through the earth. Verily, Allah likes not each arrogant boaster. (Luqman 31:18)

  1. AL-KHIDR (AS) WAS BLESSED WITH FIRASA.
  • Firasa is the ability to read a person by looking at him without having that person even utter a word.
  • Firasa is higher than Furqan.
  • Furqan is the criterion to judge between right and wrong.

HADITH

Abu Sa’eed Khudri (RA) reported that Allah’s Messengerﷺ said:
‘Guard yourself against a Believer’s insight, for, he sees with the light of Allahﷻ.” He then recited: Surely in that are signs for the sagacious. (15:75)
[Sunan Tirmidhi (Vol. 5, pg. 298) No. 3127]

  1. IT’S ALMOST IMPOSSIBLE TO HAVE SABR (PATIENCE) WITH SOMETHING NOT UNDERSTOOD.

  1. WE CAN TAKE ON A STUDENT, WIFE, HUSBAND OR WORKER WITH A CONDITION OR ULTIMATUM.
  • Al-Khidr’s (AS) condition to Musa (AS) is that he doesn't question him.
  • Another example is the Misyar marriage. Misyar marriage is the acceptance of women marrying deadbeat men who don't support them financially. This marriage was passed with a fatwa because there was many rich women in Saudi Arabia who couldn't get married.

  1. MUSA (AS) HAD A STRONG PERSONALITY.  
  • He kept interrupting and objecting Al-Khidr.

  1. NO TEACHER LIKES A DISRUPTIVE STUDENT.
  • This is why Al-Khidr (AS) fired Musa (AS).
  • A disruptive student is considered unteachable, unapproachable and unreachable.

  1. NO PROPHET HAS THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE GHAYB (UNSEEN).

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-A’raf 7:188

قُل لَّا أَمْلِكُ لِنَفْسِي نَفْعًا وَلَا ضَرًّا إِلَّا مَا شَاءَ اللهُ وَلَوْ كُنتُ أَعْلَمُ الْغَيْبَ لَاسْتَكْثَرْتُ مِنَ الْخَيْرِ وَمَا مَسَّنِيَ السُّوءُ إِنْ أَنَا إِلَّا نَذِيرٌ وَبَشِيرٌ لِّقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ
Say (O Muhammad SAW) : "I possess no power of benefit or hurt to myself except as Allah wills. If I had the knowledge of the Ghaib (unseen), I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me. I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings unto people who believe." (Al-A'raf 7:188)

  1. WE DON’T KNOW HOW OUR CHILDREN WILL TURN OUT.
  • Al-Khidr (AS) killed a boy because Allahﷻ inspired him.  The boy would have grown up to be a fitnah for his parents.
  • Unfortunately, under Shariah law, you are not allowed to kill your children. Parents have to rely on giving them an Islamic upbringing.

  1. FEEDING YOUR GUESTS IS FROM THE TRADITION OF MILLAT    IBRAHIM.
  • Muslims practice this culture.

HADITH

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (RA), that the Allah’s Messengerﷺ said:
Let him who believes in Allahﷻ and the Last Day speak good, or keep silent; and let him who believes in Allahﷻ and the Last Day be generous to his neighbour; and let him who believes in Allahﷻ and the Last Day be generous to his guest.
It was related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

ANOTHER HADITH

Al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad (RA) reported that Allah’s Messengerﷺ asked his Companions about fornication and they said:
"It is unlawful. Allahﷻ and His Messengerﷺ have made it unlawful." He said, "It is less serious for a man to fornicate with ten women than for him to fornicate with his neighbour's wife." Then he asked them about stealing. They replied, "It is unlawful. Allahﷻ and His Messengerﷺ have made it unlawful." He said, "It is less serious for a man to steal from ten houses than it is for him to steal from his neighbour's house."
[al-Adab al-Mufrad al-Bukhari, No. 103, Musnad Ahmad (6/8) No. 23905 and al-Mu’jam al-Kabir al-Tabarani (20/256) No. 605]


  1. ROBBING THE ORPHANS IS THE CULTURE OF THE KUFFAR.
  • This is because they have no taqwa.

HADITH

Narrated Abu-Huraira (RA):
‘The Prophetﷺ said: “Avoid the seven great destructive sins.” The people enquired; ‘O Allah’s Messengerﷺ! What are they?’ The Prophetﷺ said: To join others in worship along with Allahﷻ, to practise sorcery, to kill the life that Allahﷻ has forbidden except for a just cause (according to Islamic law), to eat up usury, to eat up the orphan’s wealth, to show one’s back to the enemy and fleeing from the battlefield at the time of fighting, and to accuse the chaste women, who never even think of anything touching chastity and are good believers.”
(Bukhari)

  1. AL-KHIDR (AS) DIDN’T HIDE KNOWLEDGE.
  • Hiding knowledge is a major sin.

HADITH

"Whoever is asked about a knowledge that he knows about and then hides it and keeps it away, he will be bridled on the day of judgement with a bridle of fire."
(Related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud and Al-Tirmidhi)

Allahﷻ said in Surah Al-Baqarah 2:159

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَكْتُمُونَ مَا أَنزَلْنَا مِنَ الْبَيِّنَاتِ وَالْهُدَىٰ مِن بَعْدِ مَا بَيَّنَّاهُ لِلنَّاسِ فِي الْكِتَابِ أُولَٰئِكَ يَلْعَنُهُمُ اللهُ وَيَلْعَنُهُمُ اللَّاعِنُونَ
Verily, those who conceal the clear proofs, evidences and the guidance, which We have sent down, after We have made it clear for the people in the Book, they are the ones cursed by Allah and cursed by the cursors. (Al-Baqarah 2:159)

  • Even though it is haram (forbidden) to hide knowledge, sometimes it is permissible.

HADITH

Narrated Abu Huraira (RA):
I have memorized two kinds of knowledge from Allah's Apostleﷺ. I have propagated one of them to you and if I propagated the second, then my pharynx (throat) would be cut (i.e. killed).
[sahih Al Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 3 :: Hadith 121]

  1. YOU CAN KICK A PERSON OUT OF YOUR STUDY GROUP IF THAT PERSON IS DISRUPTIVE OR DISRESPECTFUL.

HADITH

Ja'far Ibn Abdullah (RH) narrated:
We were with Malik Ibn Anas (RH) when a man came to him and said: “O Abu Abdullah (Allahﷻ said) 'Ar-Rahman upon the Throne Istawa' (20:5), how was His Istiwa? Imam Malik (RH) inclined his head and was silent until the sweat of fever covered his brow, then he looked up and said: "Istiwa is not unknown, the Kayf (how) is incomprehensible, believing in it is wajib (obligatory), and asking about it is bid'ah (innovation), and I do not think that you are anything but an innovator." Then he ordered that the man be expelled.
[Abu-Naeem Al-Asbahani in 'Hilyatul-Awliya wa Tabaqat Al-Asfiya' (Vol. 6, pg. 325-326)]

ANOTHER HADITH

Abu Haneefah (RH) said:
When asked of his opinion of the one who says, ‘I do not know whether Allahﷻ is above the heavens or on the earth.’ “He has disbelieved, because Allahﷻ says, “The Most Merciful rose above the Throne,” and Hisﷻ Throne is above Hisﷻ seven heavens.’ He was then asked, ‘what if he said that Allahﷻ is above His Throne but he does not know whether the Throne is in the heavens or on the earth?’ He said, ‘He has disbelieved, because He has denied that Heﷻ is above the heavens, And whosoever denied that Heﷻ is above the heavens has disbelieved.”
(‘Sharh Usul I'tiqaad Ahlus Sunnah’ of al-Laalikaaee (d.414AH), ‘al-Uluww’ of adhDhahabee, also ‘Sharh Aqueedah at-Tahaawiyyah’ of ibn Abee al-Izz al-Hanafee)

ANOTHER HADITH

Imam Ahmad (RH) recorded that Aws bin Aws Ath-Thaqafi (RA) said:
"Allah’s Messengerﷺ said: (One of the best of your days is Friday; on this day Adam was created and died, on this day the Trumpet (Sur) will be blown and all will have swoon away ''
[Ahmad4:8] This was also recorded by Abu Dawud1:653, An-Nasa'i 3:91and Ibn Majah 1:524, and it was graded Sahih by Ibn Khuzaymah 1:318, Ibn Hibban 2:132, Ad-Daraqutni and An-Nawawi 97 in Al-Adhkar.

  • Ahmed Ibn Hanbal (RH) kicked out Daud Adh-Dhaahiree from his study group.
  • He later became the founder of the 5th Madhab (School of thought), The Dhaahireeyah.
  • The Dhaahireeyah take the apparent meaning word for word.

HADITH

Mughirah ibn Shu’bah (RA) said:
That he proposed to a woman. So, the Prophetﷺ said to him, “Look at her. That would strengthen your love for one another”. [Tirmidhi 1089, Ahmed 18160, Nisai 3237, Ibn e Majah 1865]

ANOTHER HADITH

Thawban (RA) reported that the Prophetﷺ said:
‘The woman who seeks divorce from her husband for no reason will not even smell the fragrance of Paradise.”
[Sunan Abu Dawud (2/268) No. 2226, Sunan Tirmidhi (3/485) No. 1187, Sunan Ibn Majah (3/207) No. 2055, Sunan al-Darime (2/216) No. 2270, Musnad Ahmad (5/283) No. 22493]

  • For example, the Dhaahireeyah take these hadiths and say the woman will go to Paradise but won't smell it while she is there.

  1. KILLING CHILDREN IS NOT ACCEPTABLE BY THE HUMAN AQL (INTELLECT).
  • Musa (AS) objected to the killing of the boy because his Aql couldn't accept it.

  1. THERE IS A CONFLICT BETWEEN THE AQL (REASON) AND THE NAQL (TEXTUAL REVELATION).
  • When al-Khidr (AS) was given a free ride on the ship, he bore a hole in the boat. Musa's (AS) Aql didn't understand that.
  • When there is a conflict between the aql and the naql, always go along with the naql (revelation).
  • Don't abandon revelation and go along with reason.

HADITH

Ali (RA) observed:
"If the religion was based on opinion, the bottom of the sock would take preference in being wiped to the top of the sock."

[Related by Abu Dawud (1/90) No. 162 and ad-Daraqutni (1/378) No. 783 with a hassan or sahih chain.]